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CoE Assembly President Nicoletti to EF: = More Cases in Corruption Enquiry. But Priority on Measures

Written by ACM
Friday, 27 April 2018

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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- Replying to an "Eurofora"s Question at a Press Briefing with Strasbourg Journalists, COE Assembly's President, Professor Michele Nicoletti from Italy, f. Chairman of the Socialist Group, acknowledged the Fact that there were, indeed, More Cases of possible Corruption that an Exceptional Internal Enquiry was Hindered to Investigate (See:http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coeanticorruptionenquirytowiden.html), But stressed that the Priority was now on Making New Rules able to Exclude such Problems in the Future.
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- "Sir Nicolas Bratza, apparently, knew, from the Begining of this Year (on January 2018), that there might be Issues well Beyond of what had been initially targetted by Allegations of Corruption", "Eurofora" reminded in our Question."And, Last Sunday, they (the High-Level Ad Hoc Committee of Investigation) said that, If they had More Capabilities, they might have Investigated also Further".


=> "Do you think that the (Timely) Coincidence with the Issues of Restrictions in the Financial Contributions of Russia (as warned) and/or Turkey (unexpected), might have Influenced that ?", we wondered.


+ "And, (at any case) do you have the Feeling that Something should be done, (perhaps, not only by the Assembly, but also from Other CoE's bodies, etc), in order to Investigate those Other Issues ?", "Eurofora" asked President Nicoletti.


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- "I have not had the Impression that the Limits of Capabilities (of those Investigators) were, so much, related to Financial Resources", he carefully replied at the outset.


- "But, much More, to the Powers of the Investigating Body, which, of course, Influenced the Enquiry : F.ex.: Powers of Prosecutor, or of Police, having Access to Bank Accounts, and so on", (Confiscations, etc). "So, they were very Aware of the Limits of that Investigation, in this sense".


- However, "on the other side, it is (indeed) clear that there were Aspects to Clarify, and the Additional Corruption, raised by some NGOs and Journalists. ... And this was the Matter of it."


- So, "In their Report, as you can see, there is Some matter for Possible Investigations, and this will be, of course, up to the (CoE's) Assembly to Take Decisions", President Nicoletti admitted.


 + However, "at the same time, Sir Bratza (the Head of that Enquiry) said , clearly, (on the Question if it's useful to extend investigation to other cases, to other sectors, and so on) : -<< You can do whatever you want, and, of course, you can Investigate More>>.


 - << But, if we are objective, it's preferable to Close this Bad and Sad Story, and to Open a New Window, where, now, you have a Possibility to do Best something New and (particularly) by Monitoring much Better who you Appoint as a Rapporteur, f.ex. (etc)>>.


  - "And I can ensure that the Reaction of the Assembly is exactly in this Direction", Nicoletti found.


 - "Because(in the Past), Many People, went, sometimes, into a Committee, you know, withOut being totally Aware of what is going on. This Can happen in Parliaments : You arrive, and, then, you say : - "Oh, it's going to be an Appointment of Rapporteur : Are you Ready to go there ?" And you are appointed just because of that !", he reminded.


>>> I.e. "WithOut Thinking of the Responsibility that Parliamentarians have to chose the Best Person for that Appointment...", CoE Assembly's President Criticized.


 - "In some sense, it's Regrettable now that there was a Shadow in some cases. Now, this is at the End", (Comp., inter alia, also: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/changeincoemediadebate.html).


=> So, "this Morning, ...the reaction (of PACE's competent Committee) was to (decide New Rules) when Appointing ...by this (CoE's) Assembly, for making a  Monitoring on a Conflict, or Countries, or Elections, and so on", he Concluded, as things stand Today.

 

  (../..)


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Russian Duma Foreign Affairs Committee President Slutsky to EF: +CoE Exchanges for Peace in Syria

Written by ACM
Thursday, 26 April 2018
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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- For the 1st Time after Years, CoE had a Chance for Discussions with Top Political Russian Politicians on the "Hot" and Topical Issue of Syria, Today in Strasbourg, as revealed in Reply to an "Eurofora" Question the experienced President of Duma's Foreign Affairs Committee, Leonid Slutsky, of the Liberal Democratic Party, a Long-Time former Key Member of CoE's PanEuropean Parliamentary Assembly (PACE).


 - "Eurofora" had Observed the Unusual Fact that PACE's Plenary was just Starting an Exceptional Debate on "Europe's Role in PeaceMaking Initiatives on Syria", Added at the Last Minute to its Official Agenda, as a "Current Affairs" Debate, by a Striking Coincidence, ... the Same Day, and even exactly at the Same Moment that a Rare High-Level Meeting between Top Russian Politicians and PACE's Leadership, had been Scheduled to Conclude here, at the CoE, in Strasbourg...


 - "It's Necessary, may be, to Wait some Hours", Carefully Replied Leonid Slutsky to "Eurofora"s Question whether Russian representatgives might Discuss possible developments in Syria with their collegues of CoE's PanEuropean Organisation, (which has 47 Member States, including Russia).


- "Now, that Debate (on Syria, in PACE's Plenary) has just Started", he accurately observed.


=> - So, indeed, "I'll go for an Exchange of Views, in a few Hours"' Time, the President of Russian Dumas' Foreign Affairs Committee announced to "Eurofora", (who had already noted, inter alia, also the Fact that, Exceptionaly, even the Office of the Russian Deleghation to PACE had been set and prepared for Collective Meetings, since Yesterday Evening).


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President Slutsky had just spoken at a "Press-Point" with Journalists, including "Eurofora", at the Conclusion of a special High-Level PACE's Committee on this PanEuropean Assembly's Mission, set up Recently, from the End of Last Year (2017), in order to Deal with the "Burning" Issue of Russian MEPs' possible Return, after their Departure, in Controversial Circumstances, since the Ukranian Conflict suddenly emerged after the Winter 2014 provoked Clashes in Kiev droped a Compromise Agreement signed then by former President Yanukovich and the Maidan Demonstrators' Opposition, in the presence of the French, German and Polish Foreign Ministers, (See, f.ex.: ....., etc).


Various Other Key Members of CoE's Political Leadership had just indicated to "Eurofora" that the Confidential Talks inside that "Ad Hoc" Top Committee were, this Time, "Interesting", as they stressed, pointing, for the rest, at the immediate Foreseeable Future for more Concrete Developments.

 

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- To "Eurofora"'s Question "what was the most Interesting point" in those Talks, President Slutsky, teasing, Replied that - "the Most Interesting for me, is that, by coming here (at the CoE), I can Meet People like you", as he Friendly Joked, with a Smile, (after having, already Saluted, from the Start, with a Friendly : "Bonjour Collègue. Hereux de vous voir !", in pure French)... 

                                                                                                                                                                                          - Indeed, Slutsky's overall mood appeared to correspod, grosso modo, to what he Earlier, soberly but positively named as "Constructive" Atmosphere, when it came to HighLight his overall impression from the Talks inside that High-Level "Ad Hoc" Top Committee.


- Despite Past strong Criticism against him Personally from some quarters, (which Persisted, with UnPrecedented Long Personal verbal Attacks by 1 Opposed MEP, both at the Corridors and during a Different Debate in CoE's Plenary, until the Chairman-in-office Cut the Sound), nevertheless, the Experienced President of the EuroLeft Group, Dutch Senator Tiny Cox, told "Eurofora" that his attitude, Today, was "Intelligent", and that he played well at that Special Meeting.


+ As for PACE's President himself, Italian Professor Michele Nicoletti, questioned also by "Eurofora", at first simply denied that he might have "Succeeded" to mark a Political "Breakthrough" for now : - "Success, is a Big Word". In Fact, it was "Quite Constructive", and, at any case, "there will be a Continuation at a Next Meeting", so that "I hope that we are going to have progres", Nicoletti Positively told us, smiling enigmatically.


- From Other, but Well-Informed CoE's Top Sources, "Eurofora" heard that this Next Meeting of that High-Level "Ad Hoc" Committee on PACE's "Mission", is Scheduled for the Beginning of June, "at Zagreb", in Croatia, (InComing Next CoE's President in office, for the Period of Mid-May - November 2018), side by side with CoE Assembly's "Standing" Committee, (which, in principle, has the Same Powers as also its Plenary).


+ Meanwhile, according to Various, Other Sources, both the new French President, Emmanuel Macron, and the Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, were due to Visit Russia asap. in order to Meet, mainly, with President Vladimir Putin.


Prime Minister Tsipras' Invitation by the Russian President to visit Moscow had already been Anounced, just after a reportedly "Balanced" stance that he kept at the Latest EU Summit in Brussels, at the End of March 2018, (Comp. various "Eurofora"s NewsReports from the spot), almost as also Austria (the Next EU President in office for the Period of July - December 2018), etc. And, by a Coincidence, it's 1st the Head of the Greek Delegation at PACE, MEP Ioanna Kavvadia, who Walked out of Today's High-Level Russia-PACE Meeting, looking particularly Busy, Phoning somewhere Urgently, etc., right in front of "Eurofora", followed, shortly afterwards, by Cyprus' Head of Delegation, and former CoE Assembly's President Stella Kyriakides from Cyprus, with a Calm but Mysterious smile, closely followed by various Other Top MEPs...


But it was from well-informer Russian sources, here in Strasbourg (France), that "Eurofora" was duly Informed about the prospect also for new French President Macron, (Comp. various Recent, April 2018 Macron's Statements to "Eurofora", f.ex. at:  ..., etc), to Visit on May 2018 Moscow, (i.e. shortly after another important Visit, Earlier this Week, in the USA, to meet President Don Trump).

Given also the Fact that France will take over CoE's rotating Presidency on 2019, when a New PanEuropean Summit of 47 Heads of State/Government (including Russia, as Member, while even USA is a Permanent Observer here) is expected, manifold Important relevant Developments may naturally be expected.

=> Including, eventual real Progress on the Issue of the Conditions of Russian MEPs' re-integration of CoE's Assembly, perhaps at that Next Meeting of the competent PACE's High-Level Committee at the Beginning of June in Zagreb (Comp. Supra), considering also the Fact that (as other CoE's Officials told Strasbourg Journalists, including "Eurofora", recently), the Question of Russia's "Big Payer" Financial Contribution to the CoE, (that Moscow felt necessary to Suspend, after 3 Years withOut a normal Participation Ensured for the Russian MEPs in PACE, since a Controversial Measure taken on pretext of the Ukranian Conflict's ill-elucidated outbreak, Back on 2014), has to be normaly Settled before the End of June, for Practical and Legal reasons.

At Zagreb the participants will have More Time available, if necessary, than the 1,5 Hour that was available Today in Strasbourg, ("Not Enough", according to some Insiders, particularly when MEPs had also to Deal with Other Topical Issues, as "Monitoring", etc, as they told us), before PACE Plenary's Topical Debate on Europe's role in Peacemaking Initiatives in Syria, (Comp. Supra)...

 

(../..)


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CoE Human Rights Commissioner Mijatovic to EF on Journalism Safety: PACE Extends to All Media Actors

Written by ACM
Wednesday, 25 April 2018
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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- Speaking to "Eurofora", the New CoE's PanEuropean Commissioner for Human Rights, Dunja Mijatović (2018 - 2024), announced that she would "Follow" closely CoE Assembly's Debate on the "Status of Journalists in Europe", Today in Strasbourg.


- The main Reason is "because I Intend to Work, particularly, on the Safety of Journalists", i.e. a Topical Issue, which has a Special Importance Nowadays, and that CoE's PanEuropean Parliamentary Assembly wants to Extend to All "Medias' Actors".


This became Clear when MEPs Voted to adopt 2 Amendments to a Report on the "Status of Journalists in Europe", which, in Addition to Traditional Journalists, Extended its Scope also to "Other Medias Actors".


Mijatovic has a Good Personal Experience of the Issues of Press Freedom and Journalists' Safety, etc., since this area was her proper Area of Action for Years Before, as former OSCE's High Representative on Free Speech for a Long Period, during which she met with "Eurofora", and gave us various Replies to our Questions on several Topical Issues, (as, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/oscemediafreedomrepresentativeonwebnewsactors.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/unrappporteuronfreespeechandechrjudgementsexecution.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coepressfreedominturkey.html, etc).  

 

 -  Even if there is a "Need to Find a very Thin Line" in that matter, (about which Media Workers should be included), nevertheless, particularly when there are People who even Take Risks in order to dare Investigate and reveal some thorny Truths of General Interest to the Society (as we had evoked), - "It's Absolutely Out of Question that they should Not be Protected !", Mijatovic had earlier told us, in this regard. + And "They should Also be given Access to Public Events", she had added, when she still was in charge of Press Freedom at the OSCE (See:
http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/oscemediafreedomrepresentativeonwebnewsactors.html).

 

- New CoE's Human Rights' Commissioner's Focus on the "Safety of Journalists", in her Statement to "Eurofora" Today, (Comp. Supra), obviously refers also to COE's  Highest Political Body, its Committee of Ministers' Recommendation of 2016 (4) on "the Safety of Journalists and Other Media Actors", that Member States were explicity called to "Implement", with an Amendment adopted now by CoE's Parliamentary Assembly.

 

According to that CoE's CM Recommendation, "Ongoing Technological Developments have Transformed the Traditional Media environment, ... leading to New conceptions of Media". In particular, "UN Human Rights Committee has ... stated that “Journalism is a Function Shared by a Wide range of Actors, including ...(those) who Engage in forms of Self-Publication ...on the Internet". The UN General Assembly has also acknowledged that “Journalism is continuously Evolving, to include inputs from Media institutions, private Individuals and a range of Organisations that Seek, Receive and Impart information and Ideas ..., OnLine, as well as offline … thereby contributing to Shape Public Debate” in a Democratic Society. According to the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, “the Protection of Journalists ...should Cover Others ... who may be using New Media, as a means of reaching their audiences”.


Indeed, CoE Assembly also Adopted, Today, Unanimously, anOther Amendment, which Urges Member States to "fully implement their Obligations stemming from Article 10 of the European Convention of Human Rights, as regards ...Media Actors' Freedom of Expression, and in particular their Right Not to reveal Journalistic Sources, and their Right to Receive or Impart Information".


As CoE Assembly's Legal and Human Rights Committee has already Stressed, in its Written "Opinion", concerning "the Definition of Journalist", "References ... to Protection of Freedom of Expression, including Protection of Sources, and Prevention of Impunity for Threats and Reprisals, should take a Wider ...Aproach, reflecting Contemporary Realities in how Infiormation, Analysis and Comment are Generated and Publicly Shared", (as CoE's Committee of Ministers, and UNO's Human Rights Committee, among others", have "Already" done : Comp. Supra).


+ By a Timely Coincidence, Today's Move was Combined also with the Official Announcement of mainstream ChristianDemocrat MEP Peter Omzigt's nomination by CoE's Assembly as Rapporteur for the Investigation of the Recent Brutal Murder of Daphne Caruana Galizia, a Dissident and Critical, as well as Investigative Journalist, particularly on Anti-Corruption Issues related to Top Politicians in Malta, where her Car Exploded by a Bomb triggered near her Family Home, (See "Eurofora"s 1st NewsReport on that case, at: ...).


The Victim's Sons had told "Eurofora" that, in Fact, Daphne's former Traditional Media, a Weekly Newspaper, did Not Allow her to really use her Freedom of Expression, since Most or All of her most Critical Draft Papers were Censored or Otherwise Hindered to be Published, Because some Government Agents exerted Heavy Pressure on her former Employers to Skip her Criticism, (f.ex. through the Allocation or Refusal of Paid Government Publicity, Adds, etc). So that she had been practicaly Obliged to Set up her own, Independent, Web-News Media, from which she was Able and Free to Write and Publish whatever she wanted, and whenever she wanted. It was her Sharply Critical, and Independent Investigative Web Media which had, obviously, attracted the Hostility of those who Slyly Murdered her. (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/wejournalistmurder.html , http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/euparliamentpresidentoncoeandjournalistmurder.html , http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/daphnewebjournalistmurderenquiry.html , etc).


Already, Earlier, the Experienced former Long-Time UNESCO's Director General, and f. Foreign Minister, Irina Bocova, had Issued a Press Release with a Strong Denunciation of the Murder of Miranda Do Carmo, a former Employee in a Brazilian Municipality, who had Created a Local News Website, when he had been Oblighed to Resign from his former Job, and Started to Investigate and Criticize the Management of the New Team, particularly on Issues of alleged Corruption or Other Abus, apparently also in view of the forthcoming Local Elections, where he might have participated as a possible Candidate, (Comp., f.ex., at http://www.eurofora.net/brief/brief/webeditorkilled.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/unescoheadslamswebeditorsmurderasksjournalismprotection.html , etc).

 

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=> Such WebNews Publishers, who "are an Essential Source of Independent Reporting and Comment", are "Crucial for the preservation of Political and cultural Pluralism", so that "we (CoE) should Expand the Definition of Journalism, to Include certain Categories" of such Websites, urged, the vice-President of the Socialist and Green Group, Icelandish MEP Sunna Aevarsdottir, speaking on behalf of CoE Assembly's Legal and Human Rights Committee.


- "Protecting our Democraties through Critical Reporting and acting as a Defence against Corruption of Power", is a "Role" which "should not be underestimated", since "Freedom of Expression underlies All aspects of a Free Society", she stressed, as far as "the Role and the Status of Journalists" is concerned.

 

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+ At the Same Time, "57% of EU Citizens" believe that the Traditional "Media are subjected to Commercial or Political Pressures", (and 60% that Public Service Traditional Medias face Political Pressure), showing that the Popular "Trust of Medias is seriously Affected", as the 2017 EuroBaremeter Poll revealed, (and equivalent USA Polls could probably show an even Bigger Popular Rejection of Establishment's Medias), pointed out, on behalf of PACE's Culture, Science and Médias Committee, the President of the "Free Democrats" Group, Italian MEP Adele Gambaro, who was finally chosen to Replace Both Rapporteurs of the "Status of Journalists" and "Editorial Integrity" Reports, whose Authors were Hindered to do so, (Comp.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/changeincoemediadebate.html).


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Indeed, "as a Result of Technological Progres, and of the Development of On-Line Media, the profession of Journalist is currently undergoing Major Changes", stresses from the outset the Official "Summary" of CoE's Report on "the Status of Journalists in Europe".


Inter alia, after "the Collapse of Traditional Funding models, (and) Competition from New Media", (etc), CoE's "Member States should ReView the National Legislation on the Status of Journalists"', and "Explore Alternative Sources of Funding, attuned to the New Media EcoSystem".


On this Last Point, Participants to PACE's Debate cited, f.ex., the possibility to Seek Remuneration for Producing Web Content by Sharing the Revenues of Internet Research Websites, (f.ex. such as "Google", "Bing", etc).


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During the Debates, among others, f.ex. the Representative of the Conservative Group of MEPs Warned Against a perceived Attempt by some, inside PACE's Culture and Science Committee, "to Control the Press", Urging, on the Contrary, to better Respect the "Press Freedom".


+ In Addition, the Representative of PACE's Legal and Human Rights' Ciommittee, repeatedly Denounced also another Strange Trend by some inside the Culure/Science Committee, to Restrict the Legal Definition of Journalism, along Older and Out-Dated Models, instead of adequately Enlarging it, according to New Realities.


Indeed, even Corporatist "Trade Unions and Journalists' Associations", etc., are "Called", by the Resolution Adopted Today by CoE's Assembly (PACE), to "Adjust to rapid Societal Changes, including with regard to the Status of Journalists, which should be Adaptable, as its ESSENCE LIES IN THE TASK".


=> Already, for CoE's Committee of Ministers (Recommendation No R (2000) 7), "the Term <<Journalist>> means any ...Person who is Regularly ...Engaged in the Collection and Dissemination of Information to the Public, via any means of Mass Communication", the Report Adopted Today (25 April 2018) by the PACE observes.

 

>>> From All this, Obviously Results also the Fact that "the Status of Journalist is Not Linked to the possession of any kind of "Press Card", which is Not Obligatory at all, and has Nothing to dop with the Definition of Journalism", as even the Representative of CoE Assesmbly's Committee for Culture, Science and Medias, Mrs Gambaro (President of FDGroup) pointed out.


- "In Germany, f.ex., the Definition of Journalist derives Directly from Article 5 of the Constitution, which SafeGuards Freedom of Thought, of Expression, and of the Press, and Prohibits Censorship". So that, "Journalists in Germany do Not have to undergo Formal or Mandatory Procedures. The Profession is Open to Everyone, with No Training or Selection Requirements. German Journalists ...have Always been Opposed to a Binding or Regulatory Legal Definition, Fearing that ... the Political Authorities ...would Restrict their Freedoms", CoE Assembly's Report observes.


- According to "the German Association of Journalists", ... a Journalist "Must be Involved in the Production and Dissemination of News, Opinions, and Entertainement, via the Media, by means of Written Articles and Reports, Pictures or Sounds, or a Combination of them".


- On the Contrary, the particular "Situation in Italy is Unique in Europe, if not in the Entire World", CoE's Report points out : Indeed, Journalism, there, "is Governed by the Italian <<Order of Journalists>> ("Ordine dei Giornalisti") - apparently a residue of Mussolini's notorious "Corporatism" from the era of Fascism of the Past- "which issues Press Cards, and has a Disciplinary Board" (sic !), while the Italian "Law Requires that Journalists must be Registered with the ODG as professionals", with "Requirements with refard to Age, Length of Practice and Training", (etc)...


>>> Opposite to that, the InterAmerican Court of Human Rights has clearly Rejected such Restrictions as illegal, in 2 extensive Decisions already Published as Early as since ... 1985 ! (See : .....)


----------------------------------------


Last, but not least, this Report of April 2018, after Attesting the Fact that, Still, "the Printed Press is populated, almost Exclusively, by Privately-Owned Media", "whereas the (Traditional) AudioVisual sector operates a system where Commercial and Public Services function alongside one another", inevitably also observes that "the Adven of a fully Digital Environment is Radically Transforming the Nature of News Work".


But, at least as Funding is concerned, it doesn't go further than to merely propose f.ex. to "Institutionalise CrowdFunding, ...by Giving Decision-Making Power to Donors (sic !) providing More than 1% of registered Capital", i.e. an "Hybrid Model, somewhat Between Foundations and Joint-Stock Companies"...  I.e. something "Ideal" in order to Hinder any Media from being Accredited as "Independent Press", since "Donations" are Notoriously considered as InCombatible !


>>> Most Worrying, several Observers pointed out the Fact that this Report, drafted by Socialist former MEP Ms Elvira Drobinski-Weiss from Germany, (who was Not Re-Elected by the German People in tha Latest 2017 National Elections to the Bundestag), and Presented by PACE's Culture/Science/Education Committee, (instead of its Legal/Human Rights Committee, more appropriate as far as Freedom of Expression and Democrartic Pluralism are concerned), was repeatedly Criticized, during CoE's Debates, particularly for "Restricting" the Definition of Journalism, and even for Seeking to Impose a "Control" over Medias Activities...

When it states that "the Lack of Legal Definition of the notion of Journalist should Not be a DisAdvantage in itself, as long as there is a Free and Non-Discriminatory Access to Information", it might be true. But,  Immediately afterwards, it Starts Pleading for "a Legal Definition of Journalists", mainly in order to "draw a clear Distinction" with what it calls ..."a Blogger" (sic !).


=> However, a Crystal-Clear and Modern Definition of real and substantial Journalism EXISTS, already since ... 1985 !


>>> Indeed, the InterAmerican Court of Human Rights, has already Designated as Press Medias and/or Journalist the Person who is Committed  and Engaged into Regularly Searching, Producing and Publishing Original News Articles on Issues of General Interest to the Society, (See IBID).


+ More or Less Similar Definitions have been used also by CoE's Committee of Ministers, (already since 2000, but also on 2016, 2017, etc), UNO's Human Rights Council, the UN General Assembly, etc., while this also, obviously, Fits even ECHR's Long-Standing case-Law on Article 10, about Freedom of Expression, (which is the Only Legal Protection for all Medias).


In other Words, (as this Report itself said above) : "The Essential is in the Task !"  (Comp. Supra).


+ The World-Famous, Long-Time former Secretary General of the European and International Federation of Journalists, Aidan White, tried to usefully Develop an Idea that we had Discussed with him at the CoE a Long Time ago, by Adding also a Dimension concerning Ethics or Deontology of Journalism, that "Eurofora" naturally Supports (Comp. Supra on this Website). His "Ethical Journalism" Network, and a Landmark Article published at a CoE's collective Book, which suggests an Innovative Solution concerning also pure, Autonomous, Digital Public Writers (or "Publicists", as Americans say, See: ...), obviously advance towards an Interesting Direction.


=> All this allows to Easily Distinguish between, f.ex., Occasional, Non-Creative, and/or UnEthical or Irresponsible, Private "Bloggers", "Copy-Paste" Websites, etc., from one side, and, from aNother side, those individuals or groups who don't have, in fact, Nothing Else to show than, just a ..."Card" given by a Shady Corporatist/Bureaucratic "Committee", (Comp. Supra), and/or the Strictly ... Fiscal, or Tax-Law related Pseudo-"Definition" of which some Scandalously and, in fact, illegaly, still Abuse in France (since it can be Contrary to ECHR's Case-Law !), about a mere ...Payroll or Checkpay, (i.e. the Majority of Revenues, which is a Purely "Fiscal Realism" Pseudo-"Definition", that has Nothing to do with the Substance of Real Journalistic Production, (since, obviously, Anybody might, eventually be Paid by a Businessman and/or a Politician controlling a Traditional Media outlet, withOut really doing any, or too Little of real Journalistic Creative Work : already there are Many known Cases)...


As for that Hypocritic ... "Neutrality" : Is it in order to Exclude f.ex. ... Emile Zola's World-Famous - "J'Accuse !" Article, shortly After the Publication of which he was, apparently, Murdered, Together with his Wife, by Blocking the Ventilation of his Family Home (as it was reportedly revealed only on 1953) ?...


>>> Or, will anyone Dare Claim that even ...Daphne, who was Brutaly Murdered on 2017 for what she wrote and Published in her own, personal WebNews Site, (Comp. Supra), might have been a mere ... "Blogger", and Not a real "Journalist" ?!...


Her Murderers, apparently, knew very well how to Distinguish a Real Investigative and Critical Journalist, from a Routine, Lazy and Selfish 
Cashy Job Holder, who has Nothing to do what is Best in Real Journalism !                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         


--------------------------------------


So, what really Happened, with a Strange, Last-Minute "Coup" on Amendements, at this CoE Assembly's Report, later Today Afternoon, looks really Fishy !


- While all had been Prepared, since Days, Weeks, perhaps Months ago, in order for CoE's Assemby to Vote a Resolution asking its Member Strates to Seek a Modern, New and adequately Enlarged, UpDated Legal Definition of Nowadays Journalism;


(F.ex. with Amendement 6, Tabled by the Legal/Human Rights Committee, Urging CoE's Member States to "provide a Legal Definition of Journalism, Wide Enough to encompass All Forms of Contemporary Journalistic Work, including Internet-based"),


Suddenly, the Already Distributed (since Tuesday Late Afternoon) CoE's Official "Compendiums of Amendments" for this Report on "the Status of Journalism", were, Curiously .... Withdrawn, (without anny previous Warning), and, Next Morning, the so-called "Final" Compendium was Replaced by a ..."REVISED" Compendium, which did Not Add Nothing Else than, just one (1) World : ..."Professional" (sic) !


This was the Only Way that a Last-Minute chosen Representative of the Cultural Committee "could" tell if he/she was in front of a Journalistic Work, or not... Curiously, this was Accepted by a Representative of the Legal Affairs Committee (contrary to what she had supported until now !), withOut Any Explanation at all, for that Last-Minute imposed Changte)...


and was Briefly Adopted by a Small Minority of some ...70 Only MEPs, out of the More than + 300 MEPs that CoE Assembly has  !   
 
Thus, all those CoE's previous "Concerns" about  "Pressure" on Journalists by "Commercialy owned" and/or "Politically controled" Medias, (Comp. Supra), suddenly... Vanished...

=> Given all these Facts, apparently, all those MEPs who had Previously Warned Against alleged Attempts to "Restrict" and/or "Control" real and active Journalism, by some Authors of that Report, (who, finally, were even .. Absent Today : Comp. Supra), after all, might have been, perhaps, Justified ?

 

And, by the way, is it really "Safe" to let just the ... "Swedish Democrats" get the Monopole of a crystal-clear "No !" to such a Controversial move, shortly before the forthcoming Elections, (as it was really the case Today) ?.. 

 

(.../...)


-----------------------------------





UN Rapporteur on Displaced Persons Jimenez-Damary to EF: Homes/Property=Very Important Human Right

Written by ACM
Tuesday, 24 April 2018
uno_repesentative_for_idisplaced_persons__agg_eurofora_400

*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- Relying to "Eurofora"s Questions on a CoE's Draft Report which Denounces as "War Crime" the Replacement of Population in an Occupied Territory, (as f.ex. in Cyprus, etc), UNO's Special Rapporteur on Internally Displaced People (IDPs), Cecilia Jimenez-Damary, stressed, also on this regard, the particular Importance of the Human Right of Refugees/Displaced People for a Free Return to - and/or Restitution of, or fair Compensation for their Family Homes/Properties and - their Ancestral Land :
 
 
 coe_assembly_committee_hearing_on_refugeesidps_eurofora_400
 
 
UNO's Rapporteur, who was this Afternoon the Key-Note Speaker in a Well-Attended, Exceptional Meeting of CoE Parliamentary Assembly's (PACE) Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons,
 
 
 uno_representative_fopr_idisplaced_persobns_speaking_at_coe_assemblys_competent_committee_eurofora_400
 
had "just arrived" to Strasbourg from "Country Visits" on the spot at "Libya and Nigeria", as she told us, and was Earlier this Morning received by the new President of CoE's Assembly, Michele Nicoletti, from Italy, while she is due to Speak mainly at a subsequent PACE's Plenary Session Debate, later Tomorrow Afternoon, (as well as on a Specific "Side Event", organized earlier that same day by PACE's Rapporteur on IDPs, ChristianDemocrat/EPP MEP Killion Munyama from Poland, (See Infra).
 
 
 un_rapporteur_on_idps__pace_president_coeeurofora_400

 - "The Challenge is to try to Recover the (Human) Right to the Property or to Compensation for IDPs", underlined Jimenez-Damary, in this regard.

 - "And, I think that it's a Very Important Right !", she stressed.

- Both "Of course, under the European Convention of Human Rights".

+ "But also Under the International Treaties, as well", added further UNO's Rapporteur.

++ This could, obviously, also Facilitate the "Return" of Displaced Persons Back to their Homes and Ancestral Land, as "Most Governments Want", and, dans certain cases, Refugeed/Displaced Persons also Wish themselfs, (f.ex. in Cyprus' Territories Occupied by Turkey's Army, etc), but are Hindered.

- Mainly Because of "Population Replacement" by an Occupying Country : Something which had been practiced "a lot" onlly in a Remote Past : - "Generations ago, Centuries ago", but Nowadays "it has Become a War Crime", according to the International Criminal Court's Statute, as a relevant CoE's Report (Drafted by Polish ChristianDemocrat MEP Killion Munyama, and due to be Debated+Voted Tomorrow, Wednesday Afternoon, in Strasbourg), clearly points out :

Indeed, the Draft Resolution which accompagnies it, clearly stresses from the outset (§2) that "under the Statute of the International Court, it constitutes a War Crime, for an Occupying Power, to Transfer ... parts of its own civilian Population into the Territory it occupies, and to Deport of transfer, all or parts of the Population of the Occupied Territory, within or Outside this Territory". I.e. precisely what Turkey has notoriously done in the Northern Territories of Cyprus, that Ankara controls with its Invasion/Occupation Army since 1974, where Turkish Colons imported from Anatolia have Replaced the Greek Cypriot Refugees/IDPs who used to live there from Ancient Times, Obiged to Flee the Turkish Military Invasion, and still Hindered, until Now, to Return Back to ther Family Homes and Ancestral Land, despite many ECHR's Judgements Condemning Turkey for such Massive Violations of Human Rights...

 - "This shows the Development of International Law, in order to Overcome that Problem", stressed UNO's Rapporteur for Displaced Persons.

- "I don't want to go into the Comparison Game" with the Past, about the Number of existing Problems.

-  But, at least, what is clear is that, "Right Now, Because of the Development of Legal Standards, there is More Awareness of what Needs to be done", she pointed out.

=> In consequence, "I think that we should Try to Take Advantage of this Positive Development on International Legal Norms... We should Use the Law, wherever we can", UNO's competent Rapporteur on Displaced Persons advised.

- In Fact, "Europe is now full of such (Human Rights-related) International Legal Frameworks !", observed UNO's Rapporteur, who is a Lawyer from Philippines, but works mainly at nearby Geneva.

+ "Again, let's Hope that they (Legal Treaties on Human Rights) are Implemented properly ! ", Jimenez-Darmary put the Finger precisely at a "Burning" point, with a Smile...

=> Lauphing Critically, at "Eurofora"s reminder of the Fact that, even here in Strasbourg, at Europe's Core, ECHR's "Legal" Judgements' Implementation depends from the Supervision of CoE's top "Political" Body : its Committee of Ministers, UNO's Rapporteur on IDPs said that - "I Hope we will Not have to Wait ECHR's Judgements' Execution for Ever"...
 
 
uno_repesentative_for_idisplaced_persons_looking_at_old__new_echr__agg_eurofora_400 

>>>Because, as a matter of Principle, ECHR's "Judgements are supposed to be Executed !", Jimenez-Damary stressed in conclusion.
Symbolically, while saying that, UNO's competent Rapporteur was Looking, through a Huge Window of CoE's Palace, straight ahead to ECHR's initial, Historic, "classic" Building, and to its New, Current and much Bigger, Modern Building, located one after the other, all along a Line in Front of her Eyes... (See relevant original PHOTO).       
 
+ In Addition, Jimenez-Damary told "Eurofora" that she Knew about Professor Pinheiro's World-Famous UN-Backed "Principles", and found them "very Good", (mainly on "Restitution" of Refugees/IDPs' Homes and/or Properties, on which We had Reported already as Early as Since a 1st Pinheiro's Draft Report at Nearby Geneva, initially at "TCWeekly", "MPAgency", etc until their Final, Special Edition in a Book Published and Backed by CoE's Secretary General, UNO's High Commissioner for Human Rights, and UNO's High Commissioner for Refugees : See, f.ex. ..., etc).

---------------------

- However, already in the Oldest Case of ECHR's case-law on Refugees/Displaced People's Human Rights to their Family Homes and/or Private Properties : that of EU Member Country Cyprus, CoE's current Rapporteur on the "Humanitarian Needs and (Human) Rights of internally Displaced Persons in Europe", Christian-Democrat/EPP MEP Killion Munyama, speaking earlier Today to "Eurofora", told us that he "Knew" these cases of Massive and Continuing Violations of Human Rights, for which, his Report notes that they Affect around "228.000 - 232.000" People, (i.e., notoriously about 20% of that Country's Total Population !).

- And COE's Rapporteur made it clear that he also Knew that these Massively Displaced Persons' Rights' Denial, (mainly Greek Cypriots obliged to Flee the Turkish Military Invasion/Occupation of 1974, and, since then, still Hindered by Ankara's Troops to Return Back to their Family Homes/Private Properties and Ancestral Land, despite several UN SC Resolutions and ECHR's Judgements Condemning Turkey for Violating their Human Rights), has already durated more than 43 Years (1974-2018), i.e. "Since 1974", as he told "Eurofora".
 
coe_rapporteur_on_idps_in_europeagg_eurofora_400 

>>> His Report, clearly Denounces the Fact that "the ECHR has Dealt with Applications by Cypriot IDPs Since the Landmark Judgement in the Case of "Loizidou v. Turkey" of 1998", (in fact, already since 1996 = ECHR's Judgement on the Substance of this case, the Latter, Follow-up Judgement concerning only the Financial Compensation for Non-Execution of the Initial ECHR's Judgement). And it also adds, pertinently, the more Recent Fact that "in its Judgement "Cyprus v. Turkey" .. of 12 May 2014, ... (I.e. + 8 Years Later-on) the Court (still) Found a Violation because of the Turkish Authority's Complicity in Unlawful Sale or Exploitation of Greek Cypriot Homes and Property in the Northern Part of Cyprus", controled by Turkey's Army, (See § 55 of that Report).

=> Obviously, as long as the Impunity of Turkey still remains, as far as it concerns its blatant Denial of ECHR's landmark Judgement in "Loizidou" case of 1996/1998, (followed also by that of the InterState Application in "Cyprus v.  Turkey"'s affair : Hearing = 1994, Judgement = 2001), related to Ankara's Military Invasion/Occupation of 1974, it was Inevitable for the CoE to Start having also Too Many Other Cases of such Massive Violations of Human Rights Afterwards : f.ex., in the Kurdish Issue, inside Turkey (1984-2018); on the Nagorno-Karabah Conflict (since the 1990s+), in Bosnia-Herzegovina ( 2000+), Georgia (2008) and Ukraine (2014), etc., as COE's Rapporteur notes in his Paper's Conclusion, also on § 33.

- But, Cusiously, in the Draft Resolution which accompagnies his Draft Report, Munyama doesN't say Anything Critical at all for Turkey's blatant Contempt to ECHR's Judgements concerning Greek Cypriot Displaced Persons, (Page 33) ! On the Contrary, that Report even goes on to Boast about a so-called ..."Important Progress (sic !)
made in the Humanitarian situation of IDPs in Cyprus" !...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
 

=> Will, an Amendment eventually Tabled to be Voted Tomorrow Afternoon, at CoE's Parliamentary Assembly's Penary Session, Rectify such a Blatant Contradiction Between CoE's Rapporteur's Findings and that Draft Resolution's Claims on that "Hot" Point, which are an obvious Blunder ?_
_______________________________________________
 

 
 turkish_official_does_not_reply_to_meps_question_on_child_labour_eurofora_400

Or will it remain, perhaps, as such a grossly Negative Mark as that which was left by a Turkey's Official from the "Disaster and Emergency Management Authority" (AFAD) of Ankara, (another Invitee of that PACE's Committee), who, astonishingly, did Not even Reply (sic !)
 
 
 mep_who_asked_for_child_labour_in_turkey_and_got_no_reply__eurofora_400
 
 
to the Critical Observation of a MEP about "Reports of Child Labour" among Syrian Refugees massed inside Turkey's "Camps" (See Infra)...
 
 
turkish_mass_concentration_camps_sorry__refugee_shelters..._eurofora_400

 
 
 ---------------------
 
pierre_zouloumian_alsacearmenie_agg_spring_2018_eurofora_400
 
Shortly Afterwards, outside of the CoE, this Same Day for the Anniversary of the "Armenian Genocide", the Tireless President of Strasbourg's Alsace Region's Armenian Friendship Association, Pierre Zouloumian, surrounded with a Team of Young People that he organized, was just Concluding his Annual Speech to that Popular Ceremonial Meeting at the Republic's Square, handing a Copy of a "Press File" to "Eurofora", (by a coincidence, under a Huge Tree reportedly stemming from the Seed of Japanese Roots which had succeeded to Survive, Underground, at Nagashaki-Hiroshima even the 1st Nuclear Bomb Explosion)...
 
 
new_armenian_ambassador__pr_to_the_coe__agg_eurofora_400 

Nearby, the Armenian Ambassador/Permanent Representative to the CoE, Parnyr Hovhannisyan, speaking to "Eurofora", feels necessary to Timely Link the Human Values standing behind the World-Wide Condemnation of the 1st Genocide of the 20th Century AC, (in fact a Massive and Brutal Attempt to "Replace" an entire Historic Population by Forcibly Displacing it towards the Syrian Desert), with the Recent Aggressions of Deadly Islamist Terrorists notoriously helped by Turkey in Syria and Iraq against, precisely, a few stll remaining Armenian Survivants in some Villages there, but also against Yazidi People, Kurds, Christian Minorities, etc.
 
 
 armenian_families_at_republic_square_after_the_meeting_for_the_memory_of_the_genocide_eurofora_400
--------------------
But who, amidst CoE, EU and/or UNO will Urgently Help to at least alleviate the current Plight of about "200.000" Civilian People (130.000 already in a "Camp"), reportedly Displaced from their Family Homes, Properties and Ancestral Land, at the Syrian Kurdish Canton of Afrin, recently Invaded and Occupied by the Turkish Military escorted by some Radicalized Islamist Armed Gangs (some say even former ISIS Members, hastily Recycled) ?

- "They (UNO's Officials) don't even speak to us yet :!", complained (Yesterday, invited by MEPs at a CoE's "Side Event" in Strasbourg) the Syrian Kurdish Political Leader, Salem Mohamed Maslem, whose Organisation, the "Party of Democratic Union", had notoriously Helped the USA-led International Coalition to succesfully Fight against ISIS' Deadly Islamist Terrorists cowardly Targetting Civilian People, (Comp.: ....).
 
In Syrian Kurdish Canton Afrin (now Controlled by the Turkish Invasion/Occupation Troops and its Proxy Gangs of Armed Extremists), systematic Attempts to "Replace" its Ancestral Inhabitants by Other Groups, Imported by the Invading Turkish Army, seems to have already Started,  (as also reported Obstacles for Refugees/Displaced Persons' Return, Changes of Street Names clearly indicate)...
 
 
 
(../..)
 
 
 
-------------------------------



Syrian Kurd Leader Maslem to EF on Afrin after Turkish Army Invasion : Danger of Islamist Terrorism

Written by ACM
Monday, 23 April 2018

syrian_kurdish_political_leader_salem_mohamed_maslem_to_eurofora_at_the_coe_400 
 
*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- Invited anew by MEPs to the CoE, at a Side Event organized during the PanEuropean Organisation's Parliamentary Assembly's plenary session of Spring 2018, as also Back at Kobane City"s Siege by ISIS Deadly Islamist Terrorists on 2014 (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/syriankurdsheadtoeuroforaatthecoe.html), the Syrian Kurdish Political Leader, former co-Head of the "Democratic Union Party" (PYD  :  which notoriously helped the International Coalition to succesfully Fight against ISIS ' atrocious BeHeaders and Coward Killers Targetting innocent Civilian People), Saleh Mohamed Maslem, replying to an "Eurofora" Question, Warned that what the Turkish Army just did at the Syrian Kurdish Canton of Afrin, is "very Dangerous" for the Spread of Deadly Islamist Terrorism  : 

What happened to Afrin Canton was "a kind of Relief for ISIS" Deadly Terrorists, cowardly Targetting Civilian People, inter alia also because several Kurdish Fighters who were struggling against ISIS near Iraq borders, had to leave towards Afrin to face the Turkish Military Invasion/Occupation, and Terrorists already started to exploit that. 
 
 
coe_event__syrian_kurd_politician_conference_reply_to_agg_quest_eurofora_400 

Meanwhile, in Addition, "we don't know what Turkey is Planning there".

- "Is it trying to make a Capital of Terrorism at Afrin ?", he wondered. 

-"Why are all those Armed Radical Groups going there  ?", he wondered. Will they establish Radicalized Schools, and/or "Training centers"   ? 
  
+ And Afrin is just Neighbouring Idlib, where all Radicals and Terrorists have been concentrated, from all sides of Syria, both from ISIS, Al-Queda and their likes...Many are even Foreigners, (as, f.ex., Hundreds of Afghans, etc).

While, at the same time, there are about 130.000 Displaced People from Afrin already at a Camp, and around 200.000 Refugees in Total, who had to Abandon their Homes, Fields and Livelihood, needing now to Return under UN Safeguards.

We shouldn't also forget that, in the recent Past, f.ex, "the Turkish Consulate at Mosul, served in fact as ISiS' HeadQuarters for Years  !", he Denounced. 

=> So, "Yes, possibly, Everything shows" that, after what happened at Afrin, the Spread of Terrorism is very Dangerous" now, he concluded by a stern Warning. 
 
 - When he spoke, 3 Bloody Massacres Targetting Civilian People had just been committed anew in France, Germany and Russia, while a 4rth one was just added some Hours Later, on Canada, (After a Period of relative Calm, Before the Turkish Military Invasion/Occupation of the Syrian Kurdish canton of Afrin)...
 
 
(../..)
 

---------

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pace_freeze_meps_400_01

They voted to "freeze" UK Government's draft to put People in jail for 42 Days on "anti-terrorist" suspicion without charge, or they abstained. Don't they look suspect ?
-------------------------

CoE's debate on UK controversy stirs PanEuropean check of anti-terror suspects' imprisonment

Former Leftists of the Sixties would boil in hot water if they heard PACE's debate on the controversial 42 days detention without charge, currently drafted by the British Government :

A "Socialist" Government, a Socialist PACE Rapporteur and a Socialist Chair of PACE's Legal Committee, opposed a .. "Conservative" amendment (supported by .. Liberals, Democrats, etc), to freeze the measure, in order to protect Citizens' Freedom, by "waiting" until CoE's Venice Committee checks its conformity with Human Rights' principles.

"Left"'s support to Conservative-Lib.Dem's criticism, wasn't enough to obtain a majority, nor to make things as they were back in the good old days, when "Left" and "Right" had a clear meaning, as "liberty" and "restrictions"...

Conservatives and most Democrats were joined by the Left in voting for the "freeze", as well as Liberal Paul Rowen, while Socialist MEP Ivan Popescu, an experienced MEP from Ukraine (PACE Member since 1996-2008) abstained. But most Socialists, added to a few Liberals and EPP's Right, voted against.

Fortunately, someone inside PACE had the wise idea to shorten the Debate for less than 1 Hour, and put it on the Agenda only at the end of an exceptionally busy day, towards the end of the Evening, when most MEPs had already gone to taste wins and foods at various Receptions all around Strasbourg's "European" area : As a result, not even 42 MEPs weren't present..

Socialist Lord Tomlinson accused the leaders of the PanEuropean Assembly, in its highest body : the "Bureau", to "lack wisdom" by deciding to hold a Debate on an issue that neither the Socialist Chair of the Legal Committee, nor its Socialist "reluctant Rapporteur", did "not want to do", ...

tomllinson

Finally, everybody (critics and supporters alike) was happy to agree, in substance, that the controversial measure "may" gravely violate Human Rights, and therefore, PACE asked Legal Experts of Venice Commission to check UK Government''s plans.

But this might take more than .. 42 Days to do, since PACE's Rapporteur asked the Experts to enlarge their study in a PanEuropean comparison of all that is happening on "anti-terrorism" legislation in 47 CoE Member Countries, including Russia, Turkey and Azerbaidjan..

Bad lack : "The existing 28 days’ detention without charge in the UK is, in comparison with other CoE member countries, one of the most extreme : In Turkey, the period is 7,5 days, in France 6 days, in Russia 5 days, and in .. the U.S. and Canada just 2 and 1 days respectively", denounced Democrat MEP Ms WOLDSETH from Norway..

woldsteth

"Numerous respected human rights organisations, including Liberty and Human Rights Watch, have expressed serious concern" "The proposed legislation ...could easily lead to extensive abuses. ...Detention for 42 days means six weeks in which one is taken away from one’s family, friends, home and livelihood only to be let off without being charged. That will destroy lives and isolate communities", she added.

- "3 years ago, the UK Government sought to increase the period of pre-charge detention from 14 days to 90 days. Not long before that, it had been only 7 days. There was a vigorous debate ...and a ...compromise was reached of 28 days. We have to ask whether there are proper safeguards in place to extend the period to 42 days. I suggest that there are fatal flaws", reminded British Conservative Clappison.

- "What sort of society holds someone in detention for 42 days and does not have to tell the person who is in prison why they are there, or explain the suspicions that arose and led to their detention? What sort of society believes that that is the way to treat its citizens? That is an appalling injustice, ...A 42-day detention period will not make the UK safer. Instead, it will be the first step to giving in to terrorists; it is saying that we are prepared to sacrifice our democratic rights and the principles for which we have stood for centuries", criticized British Liberal Michael Hanckock

hancock

"Comments made ...by Norwegian delegates are unfortunate", replied British Socialist MEP Ms.Curtis-Thomas, accusing them to "besmirch the reputation of our police force, which is one of the Best in the World", as she said, believing that "there are significant safeguards ...to ensure that individuals are not subjected to unlawful detention"

curtis

PACE "has serious doubts whether ...the draft legislation are in conformity with the ...case-law of the European Court of Human Rights. A lack of ..safeguards may lead to arbitrariness, resulting in breaches of ... liberty and ...right to a fair trial". PACE "is particularly concerned that: ..the judge ..may not be in a position to examine whether there exist reasonable grounds for suspecting that the arrested person has committed an offence;"; that "... representation by a lawyer may be inappropriately restricted or delayed;" that "information on the grounds for suspicion of a person ...may be unduly withheld.. ;" that this "may give rise to arrests without the intention to charge;", and; in general, that "prolonged detention without proper information on the grounds for arrest may constitute inhuman treatment", says Klaus De Vries' Report, adopted with 29 votes against zero.

vries

Records don't say if it took him 42 Days to draft his Report, but, at least, he knew why...

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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