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Home arrow newsitems arrow Spanish People Elect CenterRIGHT Majority with 1st Party and Total of 178 MPs (6 More than the Left)

Spanish People Elect CenterRIGHT Majority with 1st Party and Total of 178 MPs (6 More than the Left)

Written by ACM
Sunday, 20 December 2015
spanish_elections_2015_overall_final_map_400


*Stasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- From the Viewpoint of Strasbourg's Headquarters of COE's PanEuropean Organisation for Democracy, Human Rights and Rule of Law, the Oldest and More Experienced European Body in Checking and Debating in Public  the Legal and Political Quality of Elections throughout all its 47 Member States as far as Respect for Democratic Principles is concerned , which is naturaly due to Deal also with Today's crucial Spanish National Elections of 2015 at the latest during its Forthcoming Plenary Session's week on 25-29 Januray 2016 here, the Democraticaly Expressed Political Will of the Spanish People seems Crystal-Clear :


- Judging by the Overall Results, Both in terms of Which Party came 1st, and particularly concerning the Number of MPs Elected for each one among All the Parties involved accross the entire Political Spectrum, the Final Outcome clearly shows that Spanish Citizens gave a net Absolute Majority to the Center-Right, and a Minority to the Left.


Indeed, the Parties leaning towards the Right side of the Political Spectrum Succeeded to Win the 1st Rank in that Vote with about 29 % for the ChristianDemocrats/EPP, and Elect,  all Together, a Total of 178 MPs, i.e. + 2 MPs More than what is Required in order to be Able to form a Majority Government (176 MPs).


On the Contrary, the Parties located at the Left side of the Political Spectrum, which got Just the 2nd Place with 22% for the Socialists, didn't manage to Elect, All Together, but Only 172 MPs, i.e. a Minority, ( - 4 MPs Less than the Above mentioned Threshhold, and - 6 MPs Less than the Right (Comp. Supra).


Significantly, the Socialist Party Fell Down to an Historical Record Low, with Only .... of the Votes, and just ... MPs, in Addition Looking as a kind of .. De Facto "Regionalist" Party in a Locacious MAP showing Who Won the Duel at the Top of All Areas of the Country, which Pictures the PSOE as having been Reduced Only in a Small Area of the Extreme Southern Part of Spain, near Africa, (as Catalan Regionalists are Concentrated at the North-East, towards France, and Basque Regionalists towards the North : See relevant MAP), while All the Rest of the Country is Clearly Dominated by a Sweeping Wave of Wins for the PP of ChristianDemocrat/EPP Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy.


 In Fact, it's a so Unusual and GeoPoliticaly "Spicy" Map of Electoral Results for Spain, that the Only One among the Mainstream Newspapers of the Country which Published a Big Photo of that Map at its Frontpage, (the "ABC"), appears to have been the Best Sold, by far, to Spanish People, OverNight and since Early Morning, as at least several Original Photos clearly show, by revealing that that Newspaper had practicaly disappeared at the Central News-Stands' Selling points. While, on the Contrary, almost All Other mainstream Newspapers which had Ommitted that Map from their Frontpage, limiting themselves to Merely Copy, all a Similar Graphic with Only the Numbers of the Results, (arranged, moreover, in a Way which Didn't give Any Insight about What was the Overall Will of the Spanish People and Where it Stood amidst the entire Political Spectrum of the Country), were, obviously, Left in Big Piles full of UnSold Merchandises, due to be thrown to the Waste-Baskets and/or used for ReCycled Paper, (See relevant Photo - partly UpDated)...

top_selling_spanish_newspaper_aftermath_of_elections_2015__that_with_the_mappy_results_..._400

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    For a Possible Majority Coalition of All Spanish Parties leaning towards the Center-Right Side of the Political Spectrum, the Aboved-mentioned overall Electoral Results have been Obtained by simply Adding to the ChristianDemocrat/EPP "Partido Popular" of Prime Minister Rajoy's First Ranking Party Today, with about 29 % of the Votes and 123 MPs, also those of the New Centrist Party of "Citizens", with almost 14 % of the Votes and 40 MPs, as well as those of anOther New, Centrist-Liberal Party of "Democracy and Freedom" from Catalonian Regionalists, with 8 MPs, and of Traditional "Supporters of God and Old laws", alias "Basque National Party" (PNV : Which notoriously Governed that Region for Many Years, from 1980 to 2009, and was Member of EU Parliament's "ChristianDemocrat/EPP" Group and of the ChristianDemocrat International in the Past), with 6 MPs, to which could, naturaly, be also added, if necessary, the small Conservative Party of the "Canarian Coalition", (which has Governed that Region since 1993), with 1 more MP.


    Concerning the Minority of those Parties who belong to the Left Side of the Political Spectrum, their Overall Results were Obtained by the Addition of the Socialists (PSOE), who came Second with about 22 % of the Votes and only 90 MPs, Together with the New "Podemos" (i.e. from Obama's "We Can"), Leftist Party, which got about 20,5% of the Votes and 69 MPs, as well as the "Republican Left of Catalonia" Regionalists, with 9 MPs, but also the "Popular Unity" Party of the Left, with anOther 2 MPs, Possibly extended even to the Leftist Pro-Independence Nationalist Basque Party of "EH Bildu" (for "Basque Country Unite !", with 2 MPs more.
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      => Such an Overall Democratic Political Result is very Important, both for Spain itself, and for All Europe, mainly Because it clearly Reveals that, in Fact, Both (Otherwise Dangerously Looming) Risks of Either practicaly Cutting the EU in 2 Politicaly Divided Parts, with Center-Right led Governments' Dominance at the North, opposed to Left side Governments at the South, or, (even Worse), Seriously Aggravating a Notoriously Fast-Spreading throughout almost All Europe, Systemic Problem recently Challenging Democracy itself, by a Trend to Multiply Controversial Attempts for "GroKo" CoHabitations between Socialists and ChristianDemocrats/EPP, Contrary to the Crystal-Clear Political Will Democraticaly Expressed in Many EU Countries by the People who Vote, more and more, for a Majority of the Parties of the Center-Right and/or the Right. (Something which has Obviously Provoked the Rise of Various Rightists and/or Atypical Parties, against an Old Establishment more and more Cut Fas Away from the People and, therefore, giving Birth to Manifold Critics, which are very Fast Growing now throughout Europe, and elsewhere in the World : F.ex. even in the USA, already from 2008-2015).


(On All those Points, including Risks for "Sly Traps" by some UnTrustworthy Launchers of Systematic Personal Attacks, See f.ex. an Analysis, already Published by "EuroFora", also on the particular Occasion of these Crucial Spanish 2015 Elections, at the Eve of this Sundays' Vote, at : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/spainelectionavoideudivisionbyepplink.html ).


In Other Words, to put it in a Nutshell, the Spanish People has just Democraticaly Expressed a Crystal-Clear Political Will, despite various Difficulties, to Avoid or Overcome Both those 2 Above-mentioned Risks, which Threaten both Spain and all Europe, Simply by Giving Today a Net Majority for a Government by a Possible Coalition of Parties which are all located at the Center-Right side of the Political Spectrum.


It remains to be seen, whether this Spanish People's Political Will shall be Heard and Endorsed also by the Establishment, in Full Respect of Democratic Principles, or Not...


If the Answer to that Question turns Negative, then, obviously, a Perspective to Hold New Elections asap., might be, Comparatively,  a Lesser Evil, (Cf.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/spainelectionavoideudivisionbyepplink.html ).


(../..)
 

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("DraftNews", as already send to "EuroFora"'s Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version might be Published asap).


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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
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    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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