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Pagina principale arrow newsitems arrow PanEuropean AudioVisual Observatory Experts to "EF" 25 Years After: Focus on Web NewsMedia +Video OD

PanEuropean AudioVisual Observatory Experts to "EF" 25 Years After: Focus on Web NewsMedia +Video OD

Scritto da ACM
venerdì, 03 novembre 2017

*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- PanEuropean, 41 Member-States strong (including Russia, etc), CoE's Observatory for AudioVisual works (EAVO), which was Created on 1992, when Cinema Films' production and Exports' Global Competition was Shaking the World AV Markets by a "European Cultural Exception" clause in Trade Deals, celebrating Today in Strasbourg its 25th Anniversary (1992-2017) by an Exceptional Conference at CoE's Headquarters, revealed mainly that the Focus is Now much More on Internet Digital Medias, including for Political News, as well as for Fast-Evolving "Video-on-Demand" (VOD) Web Services, as it was also Hghlighted to "Eurofora" by some among its Key Experts, with certain Topical concrete Examples :



 - The Times have Gone since Long, when EAVO's Chief Economist, the experienced André Lange, (present also Today), was responding to "Eurofora" co-Founder's pioneer then Questions about New, Digital Medias, just with a Kind : - "It may Arrive soon !", and, Afterwards, with their First Mention in a Brand New, but Small, specific Chapter, placed at the Margins of EAVO's Annual Reports...




 Nowadays, on the Contrary, this is Right at the Frontpage Headline News and keeps a Growing Central place : Many Key Experts' exchanges, artfully monitored during Today's Conference by EAVO's Executive Director, Suzanne Nikolchev, (an experieneced former Legal Analyst), clearly proved it :


- F.ex., it's mainly the Fast Increasing Influence of various "On-Line Media News", which was a Main reason for EAVO's Exceptional Decision to Launch, for the 1st Time, a Wide-ranging, Comparative Analysis on the "Legal Framework" of "Media coverage of Elections" throughout Europe this Year 2017, considering also the Rare Fact that during 2016-2017 Many Elections (Parliamentary, Presidential, Local/Regional, Referenda, etc) were due to be organized in about 24 and 25 CoE's Member States, respectively, which is More than Half of their Total Number (47).

 - Thus, the Co-Head of the Legal Experts who Drafted that EAVO's 2017 New Report, Francisco Cabrera, speaking to "Eurofora", observed, in particular, that, while Broadcast (RadioTV) Medias were Traditionaly subject to quite Heavy Regulations, and the Print Medias (Newspapers, Magazines, etc) had Less Regulations to observe, but generally fairly Monitored, on the Contrary, Many Questions were Nowadays Raised about the various OnLine Medias, (WebNews Sites, etc, f.ex. also on so-called "Self-Regulatory" commitments, a.o.), particularly, also because of their, technically, "Global" nature :



 - F.ex., during the 2017 Presidential Elections in France, where Publishing Polls is Prohibited at the Eve of the Vote, many People had a Look at relevant Polls Legally Published in Belgium, where it's allowed up to the Last Minute (as also in the UK, etc), just a "Cliq" away... Also during the Latest 2016 Parliamentary Elections in Spain, where Last-Minute Polls are Prohibited too, People were, nevertheless, bombarded by a lot of Polls Published until the Last Hours of the Vote, by a Website News located at Nearby Andorra (on the Pyrenee Mountains, between France and Spain), where they barely Masked their Electoral Estimations by a ...Colorfull Artefact which pictured each Political Party in the Colors of a ...Fruit or Flower (sic !), corresponding to its Real, Official Presentation, in a way that Everybody understood easily who was who, CoE's Officer told "Eurofora"...

+ An even More Important recent Development, particularly for the PanEuropean Audio-Visual Observatory's specific area of activities, is also the Fact that, as anOther EAVO's Expert stressed Today, the On-Line/VOD Networks of Films' Distribution, are already ByPassing the Classical, Cinema Rooms- based, Film Distribution Networks, and, since, at least for the Time being, the Overall Films' Market is rather Atonic yet, this has Provoked a much More Intense Competition, nowadays, between those 2 Networks...

++ Almost at the Same Time, EAVO's Experts have Found that, while Not Only the "Public Funding for Audio-Visual Services", but Also the "Advertising-Financed TV Market", are in "Stagnation", on the Contrary, "Pay-TV" marks, at least, a "Limited Growth", and the "Pay On-Demand AudioVisual Services" mark even a quite "Rapid Growth".

+++ EAVO's Expert for Both "Television" and "On-demand AudioVisual Services", Agnès Schneeberger, told "Eurofora" that such Issues were Discussed, Earlier Today, also by the PanEuropean body's Top Governance : its "Executive Council", which had convened at the CoE during the Morning, including in order to have a First OverLook and Debate on its foreseable Future, (i.e., practically, its ...Next 25 Years !).




EAVO has already announced its intention to Focus on "Video on Demand" ("VOD", i.e. Digital/Internet Communication Technologies) and its "Impact on the Exploitation of Films", during its Annual Conferences at Cannes' International Film Festival, (which are, reportedly, Attended by a Huge and Growing Number of People) each May.




++++ indeed, Despite USA's  Cinema Film Production Industry's persisting Global predominance, via "Hollywood" etc, (See Infra), the American Film Market-place appears to be Less Important than Europe's Film Market-place, annually accessible at Cannes' prestigious International Film festival, each Spring, where EAVO's Regular Presentations usually Attract a Large Audience, right "at the Heart of Global Film Industry", as EAVO's Marketing specialist, Markus Booms, boasted enthousiastically...


Last, but Not Least, an EAVO's "Birthday Party" withOut a Film even on that Big, 25 years old, "Baby" itself, being, naturally, inconveivable, CEO Nikolchev projected, in Fine, an Original Short Film, precisely, with various CoE's Political and/or other European AudioVisual Industry, Market or Experts' groupings, presenting their Best Wishes for the Future :


- Pictured there, was naturally, the Historic former Mayor of Strasbourg, and Long-Time f. MEP, as also former Minister of Culture, currently in charge of the Development of European and Other Big Infrastructures in this City, Catherine Trautmann, at the 1st Place : Trautmann had Already said, Earlier, to "Eurofora", that, when she had Decided to actively support the very Creation of the PanEuropean AudioVisual Observatory, Back during  the 1990ies, in fact, her Main Aim was to Boost a Strong Audio-Visual News pole in Strasbourg, Together with ARTE's Franco-German RadioTV, (the Only European RTV Media to be Head-Quartered near the EU Parliament's and CoE's main Buildings), etc., in order to Help make MEPs' work even More Attractive and Efficient, as well as Closer to European Citizens.

Something which, certainly, has Not yet been done, but Could, eventually, be achieved in the foreseable Future, if one added also a New Dimension in line with "Eurofora"s Original Project, (which could gradually Start, logically, with the Preparation of the Forthcoming, May 2019 EU Elections).

"Eurofora" has recently Highlighted that issue, also with the Director of Stasbourg University's Digital "Video-Conferences a.o. Internet Communication brand New Technologies, who appeared genuinly interested.



EAVO is currently Chaired, during 2017, by World-Famous Film-Director, Andrei Wajda's Country : Poland, whose Ambassador/Permanent Representative to the CoE was Present at this Exceptional Conference.



As well as that of France, which will Chair all the CoE on 2019, and has the Biggest Number of Screens in the EU Nowadays, closely Followed by Italy, Germany, the UK and Spain, while Poland, and afterwards the Netherlands, Sweden and the Czech Republic, also Distance the Other EU Member States.



He was Joined also by his Collegue from Italy, (Comp. Supra), as well as from Denmark, (Incoming CoE's Chairman from Mid-November 2017 up to May 2018), Bulgaria (which will Chair the EU from January 2018), Switzerland, and Other European Countries.






Inside the EU, France holds also the, comparatively, Biggest Share in its National AudioVisual products Market, with almost 36% of the Total, closely Followed by the UK, with about 35%, Afterwards Italy : more than 29%, Germany : about 23%, distancing Spain with 18,5%, and Russia : almost 18% too, etc.

The overall Average for all "European Films"' Market Share in the entire EU is almost 27%.

But the USA hold... about 94% of their AV Market Share, India 85%, Japan 63%, and China more than 58%, South Korea almost 56%, etc., according to EAVO's Latest available Figures..., showing that Global Competition is still Harsh...

The Extreme Counter-Example among Developed Nations, seems to be Australia and New Zeland, who hold Only ... about 9% of their Market Share !








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    An "Eugenic" loophole Amendment, which might expose to Dangers reminiscent of "3rd Reich's" notorious Genetic Abuses, hidden at the last minute inside an otherwise Good, larger Health policy Package scheduled to be voted on Thursday, was strongly denounced by a coalition of MEPs from various Political Groups and Countries, in a Press Conference held this afternoon at EU Parliament in Strasbourg.

    Mainly calling to "Select Human Embryos", via "Genetic Counselling" and "pre-implantation" Techniques including "Genetic Tests", in order to "Eradicate Hereditary rare Diseases", it might open ways to Dangerous Practices in Future, they denounced in substance.

    But they also made it clear that a much larger Report inside which this Controversial Amendment "No 15" was added in dubious circumstances, officialy destinated to struggle against "Rare Diseases", and drafted by Professor Antonios Trakatellis, was otherwise "an Excellent Report", aiming at a "completely Uncontroversial target" of Health policy on which "all MEPs and Experts are united, believing that Europe should act" to protect People's Health (See "EuroFora"'s earlier News).

    The controversy came at a particularly delicate moment for the EU in relation to Citizens, at the eve of June 2009 EU Elections, and shortly before Ireland re-votes for "Lisbon Treaty"..    

- Denouncing risks of "an Eugenic demand, very similar to what we had during the 3rd Reich in Germany, but now coming from some Scientisists themselves", German ChristianDemocrat/EPP MEP Dr. Peter Liese stressed that critical MEPs were against "Eugenic" engineering with "Selection of Human Embryos", and anything which might ultimately lead up to to a "Selection of Human Race". It doesn't help to "eradicate" Human Lives, he added.

    Several Experts and NGOs expressed "Deep Concern", as f;ex. DR M.C. Cornel of the "European Society of Human Genetics", which stressed, on this occasion, that "the importance of Non-Directiveness in Reproductive issues is a Central characteristic of Human Genetics, after the Atrocities committed in the name of Genetics in the first half or the 20th Century".

     - "This is completely Unacceptable", stressed Italian Liberal MEP Vittorio Prodi, on the Controversial Amendment, also because pushes to "eliminate early Human Life", as he noted.

     - "This opens a Dangerous Road, rather a Motorway", denounced Danish MEP Mrs Margrette Auken, from the "Greens", observing that various similar attempts were made in the Past "not only in Germany, but also in several other Countries, "even at the 1970ies", "f.ex. on forced Sterilisation of Roma" People, and other criticisable situations f.ex. in the UK, in Sweden, etc. as she said.

    + Other NGOs, as f.ex. "LebenHilfe" from Berlin, added that, among various other Risks, could also be that, by exploiting the pre-implantation Genetic Diagnostics and the Selection of "healthy" Embryos, some may "propagate" several "Eugenic" aims, starting f.ex. by pushing to eradicate Human Livies which might "Cost too much" to preserve, ultimately exposing to dangers reminiscent of the "3rd Reich"'s atrocious abuses.

    In consequence, ChristianDemocrats/EPP and "Green" MEPs "decided by Majority to vote against" this Controversial Amendment, anounced to Journalists the 5 MEPs who participated in the Press Conference, representing a wide spectrum, from Liberals to "Greens" and ChristianDemocrats, and from Hungary, Italy, Germany and Danemark up to Ireland (Gay Mitchell), etc.
    Hungarian ChristianDemocrat MEP Laszlo Surjan said "that it was "Suddenly, at the End of the Procedure" in Committee, that "appeared this (Controversial) Amendment, which has nothing to do" with the main purpose of the Report, on which all agreed.

    He denounced an "Unhonest" move, and called to "avoid this kind of unacceptable situations". Nobody should "Select People", Surjan stressed.

    - "We (MEPs) had No Chance to Discuss" this last-minute Amendment earlier added at a Committee's level, said German MEP Peter Liese

    Speaking to "EuroFora", Dr. Liese, the Spokesman of the ChristianDemocrat/EPP Group in EU Parliament, said that MEPs didn't oppose other references of the Report f.ex. on "Genetic Tests", because they were "no proposals" to impose them, while, on the contrary, there was "a Problem" if anyone attempted to "impose" f.ex. this or that Genetic Technique and "Genetic Counselling", etc. to the People on human reproduction.
The precise Text :
    Controversial parts of Amendment No 15 ask mainly "to lead finally to the Eradication" of "Hereditary" "rare diseases", "through Genetic Counselling .., and ..pre-Implantation Selection of healthy Embryos".

    But  EU Rapporteur Professor Trakatellis, said to "EuroFora" that fears should be alleviated by Guarantees that all this should be done only "where appropriate", when it's "not contrary to existing National Law", and "always on a Voluntary basis", according to other Parts of the Amendment.

    He stressed that the main aim was to allow "a free and informed choice of persons involved", without imposing them anything :  - "It's not an obligatory, but advisary" text, he said.

    To make that point clear, he was ready, in agreement with many MEPs, to eventually drop at least that part of the controversial Amendment which initially called for "efforts to ..lead finally to the Eradication of those rare diseases" "which are Hereditary".

    But, until late Wednesday evening, reportedly together with many other MEPs, he stood by all the rest of the controversial Amendment, (fex. on the "Genetic Counselling" and the "pre-implantation Selection of healthy Embryos"), so that critical MEPs, going from ChristianDemocrats as Dr. Liese, to "Greens" or "Ind/Dem", observed to "EuroFora" that "this was not enough" to close the dangerous loophole.

    Particularly since, as Professor Trakatellis noted himself, "this is already allowed to the U.K.", and "other National Legislations would probably follow, sooner or later" in a similar direction. As for a general call to "Eradicate Hereditary rare Diseases", this "should happen, at any case, in practice, de facto", to protect public Health.

    On the contrary, "our goal should be to help patients suffering from rare diseases, not to eradicate the patients. In case of genetic disease risk, the decision should not be guided by scenarios" made by politicians. "Perents who may decide to accept a child, even if handicapped or with genetic disease, must be respected and supported with solidarity", critical MEPs stated.

    - "Any Pressure" to "a patient or couple (who "should be able to make an informed choice consistent with their own values"),"from health Professionals, Public Health Policies or Governemental Institutions, or Society at large, should be avoided", stresses the "European Society for Human Genetics".


Each MEP's vote will be registered !


The Socialist Group requested a "Split vote" on the Amendment 15, first without, and afterwards with the words "lead finally to the Eradication" etc.

    But the first "split vote" leaves intact all the other parts of the Controversial Amendment, (i.e. "Genetic Counselling", "Selection of healthy Embryos", etc).

    That's why, 3 Groups of MEPs : ChristianDemocrats/EPP, "Greens/EFA", and "Ind/Dem", have asked for "Roll Call Votes", on everything regarding the Controversial Amendment No 15, and on the final outcome of the resulting Report as amended, which will register all the individual positions to be taken by each MEP.   

Something which will obviously make each MEP think twice before voting for one or another choice, to be sure that he/she will make the right choice in front of EU Citizens, particularly at these pre-Election times...

    Crucial Votes were scheduled between 12 Noon and 1 p.m. local Strasbourg time, in the middle of a long series of various other Reports, and after a long Public Debate on the larger Health policy package, from 9 to 11.50 am.

    The specific Report inside which was hidden the controversial Amendment is due to be debated between 11 and 12 am.

    So that more last-minute Surprises may not be excluded a priori...

    Particularly at the present Historic moment, when even the Institutional Future of the EU depends on the result of a second Referendum on "Lisbon Treaty", later this year, in ...Ireland, a mainly Catholic country, where People are particularly sensitive in such kind of socio-cultural and values issues...

     (Draft due to be updated).


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