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Home arrow newsitems arrow PanEuropean AudioVisual Observatory Experts to "EF" 25 Years After: Focus on Web NewsMedia +Video OD

PanEuropean AudioVisual Observatory Experts to "EF" 25 Years After: Focus on Web NewsMedia +Video OD

Pisac ACM
03. 11. 2017.
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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- PanEuropean, 41 Member-States strong (including Russia, etc), CoE's Observatory for AudioVisual works (EAVO), which was Created on 1992, when Cinema Films' production and Exports' Global Competition was Shaking the World AV Markets by a "European Cultural Exception" clause in Trade Deals, celebrating Today in Strasbourg its 25th Anniversary (1992-2017) by an Exceptional Conference at CoE's Headquarters, revealed mainly that the Focus is Now much More on Internet Digital Medias, including for Political News, as well as for Fast-Evolving "Video-on-Demand" (VOD) Web Services, as it was also Hghlighted to "Eurofora" by some among its Key Experts, with certain Topical concrete Examples :

 

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 - The Times have Gone since Long, when EAVO's Chief Economist, the experienced André Lange, (present also Today), was responding to "Eurofora" co-Founder's pioneer then Questions about New, Digital Medias, just with a Kind : - "It may Arrive soon !", and, Afterwards, with their First Mention in a Brand New, but Small, specific Chapter, placed at the Margins of EAVO's Annual Reports...

 

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 Nowadays, on the Contrary, this is Right at the Frontpage Headline News and keeps a Growing Central place : Many Key Experts' exchanges, artfully monitored during Today's Conference by EAVO's Executive Director, Suzanne Nikolchev, (an experieneced former Legal Analyst), clearly proved it :

 
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- F.ex., it's mainly the Fast Increasing Influence of various "On-Line Media News", which was a Main reason for EAVO's Exceptional Decision to Launch, for the 1st Time, a Wide-ranging, Comparative Analysis on the "Legal Framework" of "Media coverage of Elections" throughout Europe this Year 2017, considering also the Rare Fact that during 2016-2017 Many Elections (Parliamentary, Presidential, Local/Regional, Referenda, etc) were due to be organized in about 24 and 25 CoE's Member States, respectively, which is More than Half of their Total Number (47).


 - Thus, the Co-Head of the Legal Experts who Drafted that EAVO's 2017 New Report, Francisco Cabrera, speaking to "Eurofora", observed, in particular, that, while Broadcast (RadioTV) Medias were Traditionaly subject to quite Heavy Regulations, and the Print Medias (Newspapers, Magazines, etc) had Less Regulations to observe, but generally fairly Monitored, on the Contrary, Many Questions were Nowadays Raised about the various OnLine Medias, (WebNews Sites, etc, f.ex. also on so-called "Self-Regulatory" commitments, a.o.), particularly, also because of their, technically, "Global" nature :

 

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 - F.ex., during the 2017 Presidential Elections in France, where Publishing Polls is Prohibited at the Eve of the Vote, many People had a Look at relevant Polls Legally Published in Belgium, where it's allowed up to the Last Minute (as also in the UK, etc), just a "Cliq" away... Also during the Latest 2016 Parliamentary Elections in Spain, where Last-Minute Polls are Prohibited too, People were, nevertheless, bombarded by a lot of Polls Published until the Last Hours of the Vote, by a Website News located at Nearby Andorra (on the Pyrenee Mountains, between France and Spain), where they barely Masked their Electoral Estimations by a ...Colorfull Artefact which pictured each Political Party in the Colors of a ...Fruit or Flower (sic !), corresponding to its Real, Official Presentation, in a way that Everybody understood easily who was who, CoE's Officer told "Eurofora"...



+ An even More Important recent Development, particularly for the PanEuropean Audio-Visual Observatory's specific area of activities, is also the Fact that, as anOther EAVO's Expert stressed Today, the On-Line/VOD Networks of Films' Distribution, are already ByPassing the Classical, Cinema Rooms- based, Film Distribution Networks, and, since, at least for the Time being, the Overall Films' Market is rather Atonic yet, this has Provoked a much More Intense Competition, nowadays, between those 2 Networks...

++ Almost at the Same Time, EAVO's Experts have Found that, while Not Only the "Public Funding for Audio-Visual Services", but Also the "Advertising-Financed TV Market", are in "Stagnation", on the Contrary, "Pay-TV" marks, at least, a "Limited Growth", and the "Pay On-Demand AudioVisual Services" mark even a quite "Rapid Growth".

+++ EAVO's Expert for Both "Television" and "On-demand AudioVisual Services", Agnès Schneeberger, told "Eurofora" that such Issues were Discussed, Earlier Today, also by the PanEuropean body's Top Governance : its "Executive Council", which had convened at the CoE during the Morning, including in order to have a First OverLook and Debate on its foreseable Future, (i.e., practically, its ...Next 25 Years !).

 

 eavo_executive_council_eurofora_400

 

EAVO has already announced its intention to Focus on "Video on Demand" ("VOD", i.e. Digital/Internet Communication Technologies) and its "Impact on the Exploitation of Films", during its Annual Conferences at Cannes' International Film Festival, (which are, reportedly, Attended by a Huge and Growing Number of People) each May.

 

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++++ indeed, Despite USA's  Cinema Film Production Industry's persisting Global predominance, via "Hollywood" etc, (See Infra), the American Film Market-place appears to be Less Important than Europe's Film Market-place, annually accessible at Cannes' prestigious International Film festival, each Spring, where EAVO's Regular Presentations usually Attract a Large Audience, right "at the Heart of Global Film Industry", as EAVO's Marketing specialist, Markus Booms, boasted enthousiastically...


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Last, but Not Least, an EAVO's "Birthday Party" withOut a Film even on that Big, 25 years old, "Baby" itself, being, naturally, inconveivable, CEO Nikolchev projected, in Fine, an Original Short Film, precisely, with various CoE's Political and/or other European AudioVisual Industry, Market or Experts' groupings, presenting their Best Wishes for the Future :

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- Pictured there, was naturally, the Historic former Mayor of Strasbourg, and Long-Time f. MEP, as also former Minister of Culture, currently in charge of the Development of European and Other Big Infrastructures in this City, Catherine Trautmann, at the 1st Place : Trautmann had Already said, Earlier, to "Eurofora", that, when she had Decided to actively support the very Creation of the PanEuropean AudioVisual Observatory, Back during  the 1990ies, in fact, her Main Aim was to Boost a Strong Audio-Visual News pole in Strasbourg, Together with ARTE's Franco-German RadioTV, (the Only European RTV Media to be Head-Quartered near the EU Parliament's and CoE's main Buildings), etc., in order to Help make MEPs' work even More Attractive and Efficient, as well as Closer to European Citizens.

Something which, certainly, has Not yet been done, but Could, eventually, be achieved in the foreseable Future, if one added also a New Dimension in line with "Eurofora"s Original Project, (which could gradually Start, logically, with the Preparation of the Forthcoming, May 2019 EU Elections).

"Eurofora" has recently Highlighted that issue, also with the Director of Stasbourg University's Digital "Video-Conferences a.o. Internet Communication brand New Technologies, who appeared genuinly interested.


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EAVO is currently Chaired, during 2017, by World-Famous Film-Director, Andrei Wajda's Country : Poland, whose Ambassador/Permanent Representative to the CoE was Present at this Exceptional Conference.

 

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As well as that of France, which will Chair all the CoE on 2019, and has the Biggest Number of Screens in the EU Nowadays, closely Followed by Italy, Germany, the UK and Spain, while Poland, and afterwards the Netherlands, Sweden and the Czech Republic, also Distance the Other EU Member States.

 

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He was Joined also by his Collegue from Italy, (Comp. Supra), as well as from Denmark, (Incoming CoE's Chairman from Mid-November 2017 up to May 2018), Bulgaria (which will Chair the EU from January 2018), Switzerland, and Other European Countries.

 

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Inside the EU, France holds also the, comparatively, Biggest Share in its National AudioVisual products Market, with almost 36% of the Total, closely Followed by the UK, with about 35%, Afterwards Italy : more than 29%, Germany : about 23%, distancing Spain with 18,5%, and Russia : almost 18% too, etc.


The overall Average for all "European Films"' Market Share in the entire EU is almost 27%.


But the USA hold... about 94% of their AV Market Share, India 85%, Japan 63%, and China more than 58%, South Korea almost 56%, etc., according to EAVO's Latest available Figures..., showing that Global Competition is still Harsh...


The Extreme Counter-Example among Developed Nations, seems to be Australia and New Zeland, who hold Only ... about 9% of their Market Share !

 

 

(../..)

 

 

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ECHR's President to "EuroFora" on Journalists Gongadze and Adali murders : Principles must apply to all States, without discrimination.


+ ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression (See below).


 European Court of Human Rights' President, Jean-Paul Costa, questioned by "EuroFora" on Journalists' murders, as in Gongadze and Adali's cases etc., strongly stressed all CoE Member States' obligation to make efficient Investigations to find and punish those responsible, and underlined that ECHR's case-law's principles must apply to all without any discrimination.

His call was clearly supported by various Top MEPs who denounced a risk of "Double Standards" if some Journalists' murders are investigated, while others don't.

To avoid such risks, CoE's Parliamentary Assembly adopted a Resolution, on the occasion of Ukranian Journalist Gongadze's murder, "stressing", as a matter of general Principle, "the importance it attaches to the safety of Journalists and political activists, especially those linked to opposition groups, in ALL member states of the CoE". All "crimes against journalists and political activists must be investigated ... as a matter of priority, without political interference".

Costa was replying to "EuroFora"s question on the fact that, after CoE's Committee of Ministers, also CoE's Assembly had just adopted a Resolution on Gongadze murder case, based on an ECHR's judgement of 2005, asking a full Investigation from Ukraine, who has found and condemned  in 10 years of jail 2 executants, but not yet the instigators.

While nothing similar was yet done for dissident Turkish Cypriot Kutlu Adali's murder, with 5 bullets shot at his head out of his Family's home in the territories of Cyprus occupied by Ankara's army, despite another ECHR's judgement of the same year 2005, and despite Turkey's claim that nobody was found among those responsible for the murder, and that there was nothing more to do..

In order to be credible and efficient, CoE's mechanisms shouldn't find a way to at least ask for full investigations of all Journalists' murders anywhere they might be committed, without exceptions ?

adali_gongadze


- "On the larger question that you raised, I'd like to say, since we are in a period of stock-taking on ECHR's 50 Years, that the Court's case-law developed certain concepts ....such as the Positive obligations of States, part of which are also the procedural obligations", started to reply ECHR's President.

 - "Whenever Journalists, Lawyers, Defenders of Human Rights, or even simple Citizens are murdered, the States are held responsible, not only if its their own security forces' agents who committed these murders, but also if they didn't make sufficiently substantial and efficient Investigations", he stressed.

- "I want to strongly underline that we (ECHR) have found in many cases numerous violations of Articles 2 and 3 against States, ....(about) murders or torture, ...because they didn't make enough Investigations in order to try to find and punish those responsible".

- "We (ECHR) do that vis-a-vis all 47 (CoE) Member States, without any discrimination".

"Naturally, the circumstances in each particular case may be differend, and we can't ommit to apply the rules of proof, or the rules of criminal procedure".

"But we try, by all means, to apply these principles of our case-law, to all States", he concluded.

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      Costa's call was strongly supported by several Top CoE MEPs, from various Political areas


- "To investigate the murder of one Journalist, and not of another, looks like Double Standards", denounced the President of EuroLeft Group in CoE's Assembly, Dutch MEP Tiny Cox.  

- "What is the reason ? Politics or specificity of a case ? Of course, if Cyprus and Turkey are involved, it's always a Political case"..

- "Murders of Journalists should always be fully investigated, because killing Journalists is not only killing persons, but also killing Free Press".  "We (CoE's Assembly) should do our outmost to help People who are working on Free Press and they are under threat or murdered".

Because for Free Politics, Free Press is a pre-requisitive : Parliamentarians  cannot  function without a Free Press. Not investigating, is not protecting ourselves".

So we should investigate all Journalists' murders : We are talking about Gongadze, about the Cypriot man (Adali), about the Journalist murdered in Moscow one week ago, etc", Cox concluded

- "CoE can' look at these cases differently. CoE can't wear Blinckers  !".
- "If the one is investigated, so has to be also the other. Why there wasn't full investigation ? Why's that ?", wondered British  Socialist MEP, Alan Meale.

- "A good idea" would be to "make a Motion for Resolution", and "join all Journalists' murders. Adali and Gongadze etc", said to "EuroFora" EU Parliament Political affairs Committee's President, Goran Lindbland, ChristianDemocrat MEP from Sweden.


(See also earlier News at "EuroFora" on similar issues).
-------------------------------

ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression :


    Almost Half of condemnations by ECHR for violations of Freedom of Expression in 2008, concern Turkey : 20 out of a total of 48 for all CoE's Member States.

    Russia, Poland, France and Moldova were condemned only 3 times. Romania, Greece, Portugal, 2 times, and the other CoE Member States only 1 time, or none.
--------------------
    During the last Decade : 1998 - 2008, Turkey was condemned for violating Freedom of Expression in ..169 cases, while Austria only in 24.

    France and Moldova in 14 and 13, respectively, closely followed by Russia and Poland with 11 and 10, respectively. The rest of CoE Member States had less than ten condemnations.    
    

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