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Home arrow newsitems arrow Sur les Ecoles at Creches en France (News Viewpoint)

Sur les Ecoles at Creches en France (News Viewpoint)

Written by ACM
Thursday, 27 January 2022
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 *Strasbourg/Béata Hildebrand/- [ACM: News Viewpints zxpress their Writer's Opinions, and Not always that of "Eurofora". Beata Hildebrand, a Franco-Polish Lady, is Member of CoE's INGOS, Expert on Urban Planning, with Experience in Paris, New York (USA), and Strasbourg. Schools are a Topical Issue, in Europe and the World, particularly during imminent Elections both in France and the USA, etc, as well as a notorious Historic Asset for Social Integration during the French 3rd Republic.]
 
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En France, les écoles vont mal, c’est évident pour tout le monde, mais  des conséquences pour nous tous, on n’en parle presque pas.

Malgré, que « tout se joue avant 12ans » et que « l’investissement intensif
dans des programmes de préscolarisation avant 3 ans et d’accompagnement
des jeunes parents est des plus rentable » selon James Heckman –le  Prix Nobel d’économie, nous ne pensons pas assez à notre avenir.

"La petite enfance est l'angle mort de la politique éducative française."

Pourtant, c'est dans la prime enfance, quand le cerveau se configure, qu'on apprend  le plus vite et le mieux.

 Les premières années de vie sont déterminantes pour les apprentissages
et la bonne santé psychique, la confiance en soi et la socialisation.

Les causes premières de la violence se situent aussi dans la petite enfance 

Les adolescents très violents pouvait être  exposés à des scènes de violences conjugales pendant les deux premières années de leur vie.                                                                                                                                          
Le plus grave est l'absence d'empathie, de capacité à comprendre ce que  l'autre peut ressentir. .Les parents ne jouent pas assez souvent avec leur enfant petit.

Au nom d’une détection plus précoce et d’une prise en compte  de certains troubles,  les crèches  jouent un rôle croissant  de donneurs d’alerte en matière de santé, mais auxiliaires de puériculture, éducateurs de jeunes enfants, ils sont peu qualifiés et  payés  au smic. Pour réussir, il faut que les enseignants suivent, il est nécessaire de  moderniser  et de revaloriser leur métier, pour mieux soutenir les parents, avec un  accompagnement personnalisé jusqu'aux 2ans.

Il est nécessaire et urgent de créer  les facilités  pour profiter des aides des médecins,  et des psychologues, pour les besoins  des enfants et  aussi pour leurs parents, très souvent  sans connaissance des problèmes.

Heureusement il existe d’exemple positive: la Maison des 1000 jours,  ouverte  à Arras,  qui est  un lieu de rencontre où sont organisés des ateliers parents-bébés animés par des "facilitateurs "  sur  des sujets aussi variés que le sommeil, la motricité,  la gestion des pleurs  ou le  développement cérébral des tout-petits.    

- L’investissement, dans  la construction des crèches est indispensable.

-  Dans  les maternelles pour consolider le langage, clé des apprentissages.

 - Dans les primaires pour maitriser les fondamentaux : lire, écrire, compter, nous souhaitons proposer  de nouvelles idées tirées des exemples positifs de l’éducation dans les  autres pays d’Europe. 

- On rentre dans (la première classe de l’école à (6-7ans)  et  âpres  2ème
3, 4 et 12ème; (  pas comme  MAINTENANT en France   Cycle 1, Cycle 2 -CP,CE1,CE2...)

- Une classe appropriée de 12 à 14 élevés avec un professeur principal  accompagné, par  deux jeunes personnes (futur enseignants) à qui l’enfant pourrait s’adresser en cas de problèmes.

- Pour plus d’efficacité on pourrait  utiliser  d’un langage  positif «c'est bien,  très bien , excellent .bravo, pas encore bien »

- Aussi pour pouvoir apprendre avec plus d’efficacité, les cours devraient avoir  une durée de 45 minutes, ( comme dans  d’autre pays d’Europe).

- Le temps entre le déjeuner et 16 h sera consacré aux activités  sportives et artistiques et jouer.

Il est  aussi très souhaitable d’agrandir des écoles, pour pouvoir  créer plus des classes et d’aménager, avec plus de soins  les  terrains devant les écoles



C’est maintenant  il faut faire les grands investissements dans les écoles,  pour pouvoir profiter, en retour,  les aides des jeunes adultes bien éduqués.

 Il serait idéal, si  la Ville de Strasbourg  avec l’Eurométropole,  pourrait donner bon l’exemple. d'investissement dans les crèches et les écoles.
 
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    Before the end of 2009, France and Germany will take strong initiatives to open "new Horizons" needed by Europe and the World, going well beyond the current Crisis' management, anounced French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angie Merkel, reassuring that both a judgement on Lisbon Treaty by nearby Karlsruhe German Federal Court, and the forthcoming National Elections in Germany would confirm their capacity to act.    

They were replying to Press questions in Berlin, after key-regional elections on Sunday, where Merkel's ChristianDemocratic party kept everywhere a strong 1st and won the possibility to forge a New Majority with Liberals at the largest of 3 Landers : Saxony (4 millions inhabitants), while its main competitor, the Socialdemocrat party fell to unprecedented lows : Tackled by the small "Linke" (left) party in Saarland (1 million inhabitants), it became even smaller than it in Saxony and Thuringen (3 million inhabitants), where SPD arrived only third. While its usual partners, the "Greens" also fell down, contrary to CDU's new partners, the FDP Liberals, who go up.

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    - "At any case, at the end of the year (2009), if things go as scheduled, we shall take strong initiatives, showing that Europe needs a Franco-German axis, as well as the World, even if it never excludes other" countries to join, replied Sarkozy to a question if France and Germany will revive the "European dream", by "relauncing the EU motor" for the Future, with actions going further than the mere management of the global crisis, (as it was done fex. in the Past with the creation of the "Euro" Monetary zone, etc).

    - "I am convinced that the Franco-German friendship must be constantly nourished by New Projects", he added."There are many areas of cooperation where we intend to take, very soon, some Franco-German initiatives, which will allow to open more Horizons" to the EU, Sarkozy stressed.

    But if "we don't speak about that now, it's only in order to avoid interfering in important elections coming in Germany", he observed. However, "we have already started to consider the Future with the (German) Chancellor, and what we can do in order to honour our predecessors". "We are already speaking about that, and we are preparing things". "I am working very well together with Mrs Merkel, and I wish that it goes on", Sarkozy concluded.

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    - "It's important for EU's credibility that France and Germany advance forward together", stressed Merkel from the outset. "Don't worry about Germany's capacity to undertake initiatives" with France, she added. "France and Germany will be perfectly able to make proposals" for the EU.

    -  "After-crisis" plans must be prepared, meanwhile, with measures "advancing progressively", Merkel anounced. And, for the short term, we must deal also with EU Citizens' dismay since they feel that it's a Scandal for some in the Financial Markets to be paid with excessive "Bonuses", etc, she agreed with Sarkozy.

    - "Abuses in financial markets must stop", stressed also Sarkozy. Backing Merkel's announcement that France and Germany call for an EU meeting to forge "a crystal-clear European position" in view of the G-14 Summit at Pittsburg, he warned that "everyone will have to undertake his responsibilities, in front of World's Public Opinion. particularly those who don't want to make the same effort of regulation as France and Germany".

    Moreover, "Global Trade cannot be correctly dealt, without taking into account also Environmental and Social rules", Sarkozy added, referring to recently expressed positions against Unfair Competition via Environmental and/or Social Dumping, (See earlier "EuroFora"'s publications).

    Such moves are obviously linked to the need to ensure at least an elementary respect for Human Rights by Third Countries, (f.ex. exploitation of Children's work, etc) in order to avoid, precisely, any such Social Dumping.

    - "EU has Values, protecting Human Rights and Human Dignity", and "it cannot close its eyes" in front of grave violations, particularly "Torture and/or killings", added, indeed, Sarkozy.

    Thus, "the time comes, where decisions must be taken". But, in case of "Sanctions", "all International opinion should be convinced of the need to take action", he observed.

    Expressed on the occasion of recent developments in Iran, the same principles should logically apply also to other similar cases, including fex. that of Hundreds of ECHR judgements' condemning f;ex. Turkey for grave crimes, (as Torture, brutal Killings, Enforced "Disappearances", Destruction of Family Homes, harassments and oppressive violations of Freedom of Speech, etc).

    Meanwhile, questioned on (EU Commission's chair)  Barroso's bid to succeed himself for a second mandate, they both expressed a "wish" or a "feeling" that "EU Parliament"'s various political Groups might fix a date for decisions "during September". However, is he is endorsed before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, it will be legally necessary to re-vote anew for a full term of office afterwards, according to EU Legal Experts, revealed recently in Strasbourg the experienced former President of EU Parliament's Constitutional Committee, German Socialist MEP Jo Leinen. And Germany will not vote for Lisbon Treaty's ratification but only "on September 8 and 18", revealed Merkel, ( i.e. after EU Parliament's plenary session in Strasbourg).

    - Therefore, "for EU Commissioners' appointment, it's too early yet, because we must wait for the ratification of Lisbon Treaty" by all 27 EU Member countries, including naturally Ireland's Referendum on early October, said to "EuroFora" the influential President of EU Parliament's largest group of MEPs, Joseph Daul, expressing, however, the hope that a controversial deal with the head of the Socialist Group of MEPs, Martin Schultz of Germany, might hold for Barroso alone, at a forthcoming vote due to fix the Strasbourg plenary's Agenda.

    But MEPs reportedly just "postponed" for 1 week all their previously scheduled group meetings (See : http://www.euractiv.com/en/future-eu/barroso-unveil-summer-homework-week/article-184825 );

    However, while the choice of a new EU Commission's President by EU Parliament is supposed, according to many MEPs' wish, take place according to EU policy issues, paradoxically, this would mean that Barroso's bid would pass before even the anouncement of France and Germany's "initiatives" for EU's "new Horizons"...

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