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Home arrow newsitems arrow Sur les Ecoles at Creches en France (News Viewpoint)

Sur les Ecoles at Creches en France (News Viewpoint)

Written by ACM
Thursday, 27 January 2022
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 *Strasbourg/Béata Hildebrand/- [ACM: News Viewpints zxpress their Writer's Opinions, and Not always that of "Eurofora". Beata Hildebrand, a Franco-Polish Lady, is Member of CoE's INGOS, Expert on Urban Planning, with Experience in Paris, New York (USA), and Strasbourg. Schools are a Topical Issue, in Europe and the World, particularly during imminent Elections both in France and the USA, etc, as well as a notorious Historic Asset for Social Integration during the French 3rd Republic.]
 
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En France, les écoles vont mal, c’est évident pour tout le monde, mais  des conséquences pour nous tous, on n’en parle presque pas.

Malgré, que « tout se joue avant 12ans » et que « l’investissement intensif
dans des programmes de préscolarisation avant 3 ans et d’accompagnement
des jeunes parents est des plus rentable » selon James Heckman –le  Prix Nobel d’économie, nous ne pensons pas assez à notre avenir.

"La petite enfance est l'angle mort de la politique éducative française."

Pourtant, c'est dans la prime enfance, quand le cerveau se configure, qu'on apprend  le plus vite et le mieux.

 Les premières années de vie sont déterminantes pour les apprentissages
et la bonne santé psychique, la confiance en soi et la socialisation.

Les causes premières de la violence se situent aussi dans la petite enfance 

Les adolescents très violents pouvait être  exposés à des scènes de violences conjugales pendant les deux premières années de leur vie.                                                                                                                                          
Le plus grave est l'absence d'empathie, de capacité à comprendre ce que  l'autre peut ressentir. .Les parents ne jouent pas assez souvent avec leur enfant petit.

Au nom d’une détection plus précoce et d’une prise en compte  de certains troubles,  les crèches  jouent un rôle croissant  de donneurs d’alerte en matière de santé, mais auxiliaires de puériculture, éducateurs de jeunes enfants, ils sont peu qualifiés et  payés  au smic. Pour réussir, il faut que les enseignants suivent, il est nécessaire de  moderniser  et de revaloriser leur métier, pour mieux soutenir les parents, avec un  accompagnement personnalisé jusqu'aux 2ans.

Il est nécessaire et urgent de créer  les facilités  pour profiter des aides des médecins,  et des psychologues, pour les besoins  des enfants et  aussi pour leurs parents, très souvent  sans connaissance des problèmes.

Heureusement il existe d’exemple positive: la Maison des 1000 jours,  ouverte  à Arras,  qui est  un lieu de rencontre où sont organisés des ateliers parents-bébés animés par des "facilitateurs "  sur  des sujets aussi variés que le sommeil, la motricité,  la gestion des pleurs  ou le  développement cérébral des tout-petits.    

- L’investissement, dans  la construction des crèches est indispensable.

-  Dans  les maternelles pour consolider le langage, clé des apprentissages.

 - Dans les primaires pour maitriser les fondamentaux : lire, écrire, compter, nous souhaitons proposer  de nouvelles idées tirées des exemples positifs de l’éducation dans les  autres pays d’Europe. 

- On rentre dans (la première classe de l’école à (6-7ans)  et  âpres  2ème
3, 4 et 12ème; (  pas comme  MAINTENANT en France   Cycle 1, Cycle 2 -CP,CE1,CE2...)

- Une classe appropriée de 12 à 14 élevés avec un professeur principal  accompagné, par  deux jeunes personnes (futur enseignants) à qui l’enfant pourrait s’adresser en cas de problèmes.

- Pour plus d’efficacité on pourrait  utiliser  d’un langage  positif «c'est bien,  très bien , excellent .bravo, pas encore bien »

- Aussi pour pouvoir apprendre avec plus d’efficacité, les cours devraient avoir  une durée de 45 minutes, ( comme dans  d’autre pays d’Europe).

- Le temps entre le déjeuner et 16 h sera consacré aux activités  sportives et artistiques et jouer.

Il est  aussi très souhaitable d’agrandir des écoles, pour pouvoir  créer plus des classes et d’aménager, avec plus de soins  les  terrains devant les écoles



C’est maintenant  il faut faire les grands investissements dans les écoles,  pour pouvoir profiter, en retour,  les aides des jeunes adultes bien éduqués.

 Il serait idéal, si  la Ville de Strasbourg  avec l’Eurométropole,  pourrait donner bon l’exemple. d'investissement dans les crèches et les écoles.
 
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ECHR's President to "EuroFora" on Journalists Gongadze and Adali murders : Principles must apply to all States, without discrimination.


+ ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression (See below).


 European Court of Human Rights' President, Jean-Paul Costa, questioned by "EuroFora" on Journalists' murders, as in Gongadze and Adali's cases etc., strongly stressed all CoE Member States' obligation to make efficient Investigations to find and punish those responsible, and underlined that ECHR's case-law's principles must apply to all without any discrimination.

His call was clearly supported by various Top MEPs who denounced a risk of "Double Standards" if some Journalists' murders are investigated, while others don't.

To avoid such risks, CoE's Parliamentary Assembly adopted a Resolution, on the occasion of Ukranian Journalist Gongadze's murder, "stressing", as a matter of general Principle, "the importance it attaches to the safety of Journalists and political activists, especially those linked to opposition groups, in ALL member states of the CoE". All "crimes against journalists and political activists must be investigated ... as a matter of priority, without political interference".

Costa was replying to "EuroFora"s question on the fact that, after CoE's Committee of Ministers, also CoE's Assembly had just adopted a Resolution on Gongadze murder case, based on an ECHR's judgement of 2005, asking a full Investigation from Ukraine, who has found and condemned  in 10 years of jail 2 executants, but not yet the instigators.

While nothing similar was yet done for dissident Turkish Cypriot Kutlu Adali's murder, with 5 bullets shot at his head out of his Family's home in the territories of Cyprus occupied by Ankara's army, despite another ECHR's judgement of the same year 2005, and despite Turkey's claim that nobody was found among those responsible for the murder, and that there was nothing more to do..

In order to be credible and efficient, CoE's mechanisms shouldn't find a way to at least ask for full investigations of all Journalists' murders anywhere they might be committed, without exceptions ?

adali_gongadze


- "On the larger question that you raised, I'd like to say, since we are in a period of stock-taking on ECHR's 50 Years, that the Court's case-law developed certain concepts ....such as the Positive obligations of States, part of which are also the procedural obligations", started to reply ECHR's President.

 - "Whenever Journalists, Lawyers, Defenders of Human Rights, or even simple Citizens are murdered, the States are held responsible, not only if its their own security forces' agents who committed these murders, but also if they didn't make sufficiently substantial and efficient Investigations", he stressed.

- "I want to strongly underline that we (ECHR) have found in many cases numerous violations of Articles 2 and 3 against States, ....(about) murders or torture, ...because they didn't make enough Investigations in order to try to find and punish those responsible".

- "We (ECHR) do that vis-a-vis all 47 (CoE) Member States, without any discrimination".

"Naturally, the circumstances in each particular case may be differend, and we can't ommit to apply the rules of proof, or the rules of criminal procedure".

"But we try, by all means, to apply these principles of our case-law, to all States", he concluded.

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      Costa's call was strongly supported by several Top CoE MEPs, from various Political areas


- "To investigate the murder of one Journalist, and not of another, looks like Double Standards", denounced the President of EuroLeft Group in CoE's Assembly, Dutch MEP Tiny Cox.  

- "What is the reason ? Politics or specificity of a case ? Of course, if Cyprus and Turkey are involved, it's always a Political case"..

- "Murders of Journalists should always be fully investigated, because killing Journalists is not only killing persons, but also killing Free Press".  "We (CoE's Assembly) should do our outmost to help People who are working on Free Press and they are under threat or murdered".

Because for Free Politics, Free Press is a pre-requisitive : Parliamentarians  cannot  function without a Free Press. Not investigating, is not protecting ourselves".

So we should investigate all Journalists' murders : We are talking about Gongadze, about the Cypriot man (Adali), about the Journalist murdered in Moscow one week ago, etc", Cox concluded

- "CoE can' look at these cases differently. CoE can't wear Blinckers  !".
- "If the one is investigated, so has to be also the other. Why there wasn't full investigation ? Why's that ?", wondered British  Socialist MEP, Alan Meale.

- "A good idea" would be to "make a Motion for Resolution", and "join all Journalists' murders. Adali and Gongadze etc", said to "EuroFora" EU Parliament Political affairs Committee's President, Goran Lindbland, ChristianDemocrat MEP from Sweden.


(See also earlier News at "EuroFora" on similar issues).
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ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression :


    Almost Half of condemnations by ECHR for violations of Freedom of Expression in 2008, concern Turkey : 20 out of a total of 48 for all CoE's Member States.

    Russia, Poland, France and Moldova were condemned only 3 times. Romania, Greece, Portugal, 2 times, and the other CoE Member States only 1 time, or none.
--------------------
    During the last Decade : 1998 - 2008, Turkey was condemned for violating Freedom of Expression in ..169 cases, while Austria only in 24.

    France and Moldova in 14 and 13, respectively, closely followed by Russia and Poland with 11 and 10, respectively. The rest of CoE Member States had less than ten condemnations.    
    

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