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Haupt arrow newsitems arrow Macron : Europe Must Not Yield to Turkey's Pressure !

Macron : Europe Must Not Yield to Turkey's Pressure !

Geschrieben von ACM
Tuesday, 01 October 2019

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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- "Above all, We (EU) Must Not Yield to Turkey's Pressure ! That's Clear for me", stressed French President Emmanuel Macron, speaking at CoE's Parliamentary Assembly (PACE) in Strasbourg, concerning particularly Ankara's new attempts to Exploit again Mass Migration for even More Money and Interventions inside Syria's Northern areas of Kurds who helped Fight ISIS' Deadly Islamist Terrorism targetting Civilians, and vis a vis EU Member Cyprus' Energy Sources, as he said in Reply to a Question raised on behalf of PACE's Biggest Group, that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP, by Experienced former Chairwoman of its Political affairs Committee and F. Foreign Minister, MEP Dora Bakogianni from Greece.

- The mainstream MEP had Denounced the Fact that, once again, "Turkey is putting Pressure on Europe", through "a New Great Migration Crisis", particularly "during the 3 Summer Months" of 2019, when more than "20.000 People arrived on the Greek Islands via Turkey", while "it's very clear" that Ankara's Authorities, not only "doN"t make No Effort to Stop that", but, evenmore, "on the Contrary, Facilitate this Migratory Flow", Because "Turkey wants a New Deal (i.e. in Addition to the 3 Billions € in full Grants Each Year, that EU already gave) : It Wants from Europe to Accept its Policy in Syria, and ...to be No Reaction to the flagrant Violation of Sovereign rights in the exclusive Economic zone of Cyprus".

 

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- "You are absolutely Right to say that this is abused as a means of Pressure from Turkey", as "I'm fully Aware of what Greece is going through Today, since,  if Migratory Prssure mounts up towards Europe, the main thrust is at Stake in that Route from Eastern Mediterranean, nowadays", Replied the French President, who is currently Chairing also the CoE, for the period from May to November 2019 included.  

=> - First of all, I don't think that the Right Reply would be to Yield to that Pressure !", exerted from Turkey, he clearly stressed.

- Already, "There is an (EU) Work done with Turkey, when I wasN't yet elected (2015-2016), but Negotiations took place in 2015-2016 and a Deal was Agreed on 2016, which must be Respected", he reminded, and "this does Not require Additional Measures, at this Stage", Macron refused.

- "It's true that Turkey is Blackmailing Europe !", had, Previously, Warned the Experienced President of Europe's Biggest Political Party that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP, Joseph Daul, speaking at a 2016 Event organised by Strasbourg's University, when Ankara was initially Pressing the EU for that Deal inside a Bloody Islamist Terrorism-stricken Brussels, (See: ..., etc).

- In particular, "Anyway, Our (EU) Agenda on the North of Syria (i.e. on Syrian Kurdish Fighters against ISIS and/or other Islamist Deadly Terrorists cowardly Targetting Civilian People) must Not be Determined from that Turkish Pressure, at any case. Absolutely Not !", the French President strongly underlined.

 - "On the Contrary, we (Europe) have clear DisAgreements vis a vis Turkey on Syria", Macron stressed, adding, also, that "we have a Joint Work, in Istanbul Format : Germany, France, Russia, Turkey and UNO, which would allow to make Progress on Syria" normaly.

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+ "Concerning Migratory Policy (of the EU), what you called "Burdens' Sharing", it's a Necessity of our Migratory Policy, for me, which should, Now, reach a New Stage, with that New (EU) Commission", Macron went on to develop.

- In fact, "I think that we (EU) collectively Failed at the Beginning of that (Mass) Migratory Policy, vis a vis Greece, and vis a vis Italy, (not during these Last Months, when the Flows were, Comparatively, reduced, but in the Middle of the so-called "Mare Nostrum", at the Core of that [Mass)] Migratory Pressure, that Italy lived through, around 2015+ : At that moment, there was No Solidarity" at all.

 + And this European Solidarity still is, Nowadays, Imperfect. Very largely Incomplete".

 - Because "it Lacks, from my point of view" :

- "1st, a Migratory Policy vis a vis the Countries of Origin".

 - Because, we are speaking there of (EU's) External Borders in Eastern Mediterranean, but we have also to Build a real EU Joint Migratory Policy vis a vis the Countries of Origin, on this point.

- "2nd point : We Must have a Joint European Policy on Protecting our common (European) External Borders"

 - In particular, "the Protection of our Common (EU) External Borders, canNot burden Only the Country of the 1st Entry" by Mass Migrants.

 - Fex., "France has, since a long time, put the accent into Strengthening FRONTEX and hiring More Agents".

- Howeve, "there are Many Mecanisms of Joint Protection", he Highlighted, without specifying now.

- "But, at any case, we must Mutualize the Cost of that Protection", he stressed.

- Moreover, from my point of view, we cannot get away from this Debate on more or less Solidarity, but Only by Changing what were our Terms of Refernce" :

- "Until now, several Countries only strived to Extend the Duration of Responsibility concerning the Countries of 1st Entry, which was of 6 Months, i.e. going Against what you asked", he replied to MEP Bakogianis.

 - Indeed, "I think that we should have much More Financial Solidarity, with the Countries of 1st Entry, and have a much More "Common System", so that when somebody comes from somewhere Out of Europe, a Migrant, (a word which covers Various Situations), the Responsibility for him/her should lie on the (EU) Community". and Not Only be a Burden for the Country of 1st Entry".

 - "Otherwise, we have an UnAcceptable Situation, for most Countries of 1st Origin, and InHuman for Many Refugees !", he denounced.

=> So that, for me, the 3rd Point is to have a Real EU Solidarity, which is Far from being the case until now, and to consider that (Mass) Migration's Cost is a European Cost", Macron underlined.

 + 4rth Point is to Harmonize, inside Schengen's area, the modalities of Asylum and Return":  

- "Not just in order to alleviate the Burden of Countries of 1st Origin, but in order to be able to Regulate Free Movement, and to Fight against Smugglers", "so that a Stop its put to "this situation where people who haven't any chance to get Asylum, neverheless, Stay often 4 to 5 Years in the EU, and sometimes don't even Return at all, or the even more unacceptable situation of People who deserve Asylum, but are Obliged to wait 2 or 3 Years, before getting it", (Because of that overall situation).

- "Because we need also, a real European Policy for Return", he stressed.

  - "Yes, Welcome is Human, but only if there is a real Return policy", Macron warned.

=> So, "Yes for a more Efficient" EU Migratory Policy, which, for me, goes through More Financial Solidarity, and a joint European Mechanism on Asylum and Return", the French President resumed in conclusion.


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    The incoming Swedish EU Presidency (July-December 2009) may still remain in favour of Turkey's controversial EU bid, despite June 2009 EU Elections' results, but it has "very strong demands on Turkey"'s obligation to respect EU Rules, said the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, to "EuroFora", reacting to critical Press reports.

    - "I know (that) the link is often made also to Sweden's position on Turkey"'s controversial EU bid. Indeed, "we (Swedish EU Presidency) are very much engaged in the future membership of Turkey, but not without fullfiling all the Criteria".

    - "It's very clear that we (Swedish EU Presidecny) have very Strong Demands on Turkey, in a sort of concept for Future membership of the Union, ...which will be a Long Process...", she stressed.

    This means, in particular, "the Copenhagen Criteria (on Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law), and also the adaptation to the Acquis of the European Union".

     - "If you listen to what Mr. Bildt (the Swedish Foreign Minister) says on Turkey at different occasions, it's very clear : We want Turkey to become part of the Union, in the Future. But we want it to fullfil all the Criteria : The Acquis of the European Union. That's very clear", she concluded.

    The Senior Official of the Swedish Foreign Ministry was reacting to critical Press Reports, from Brussels' Journalists invited by EU Commission's secretariat to Stockholm, who claimed that Bildt was abusing of a ..."Whip" (sic !) against Cyprus, by "threatening" the presence of UNO's Peace-keeping force at the "Green line" which separates the island's Government-controlled areas from the territories occupied by Ankara's army, if Nicosia didn't accept any political solution, regardless of Turkey's demands, before the end of 2009.

        Governing AKEL Party's new Secretary General, Andros Kyprianou, reacted by declaring that no-one can threat the People of Cyprus : -"We shall decide for our Future, and nobody else",  he reportedly said, asking to "keep calm". "In order to find a Solution soon, certain basic Principles must be respected", he stressed, calling those who feel an urgency to use their influence on Turkey. Other Political Parties were more critical.

    This was a reference to recently reported statements by Turkish Minister Bagis, Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan and Turkey's National Security Council (a Military-Political body), accused to push towards a partitionist "2 States" solution, contrary to UNO SC Resolutions for Cyprus' reunification.

    December 2009 is a crucial moment for EU's appraisal of Turkey's controversial EU bid, because EU Council has decided to review then Ankara's compliance with the European position on the recognition of Cyprus' Government, which was clearly set out by an EU reply of 21 September 2005 to Turkish Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan's claims, refusing to recognize even the existence of EU Member Cyprus, in controversial statements he made to London (former EU chair) on July 29, 2005.

    EU Parliament's latest Resolution on Turkey, adopted on March 2009 in Strasbourg, warned Ankara that "the non-fulfillment of Turkey's commitments... by December 2009, may further seriously affect the process of Negotiations" with the EU.

    In practice, the issue boils down to Ankara's "embargo" against Ships and Airplanes using Cyprus' seaports or airports at the strategic EU island, which traditionaly hosts one of the World's biggest Shipping flags. EU has already "freezed" 6 relevant Chapters in EU - Turkey Negotiations since December 2006, after Ankara refused to fullfil a commitment it had undertaken when EU had decided to open controversial "accession" negotiations with Turkey, back on December 2005.

    - "As far as EU - Turkey relations are concerned, it's clear that Turkey needs to fullfil its obligation of full, non-discriminatory implementation of the additional Protocol (to "EC-Turkey Association Agreement"),  This is an important issue....and should be addresseed as soon as possible as it clearly affects the pace of the accession negotiations.Issues covered by the Declaration of September 2005 will continue to be followed up, and progress is urgently awaited", warned earlier in Strasbourg the out-going Czech EU Presidency (former vice-Prime Minister Alexander Vodra).

    But the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, dismissed "interpretations" by "some" that Foreign Minister Carl Bildt was reportedly "threatening" Cyprus with consequences on the UNFICYP, if it doesn't accept any solution until December 2009, while Turkey is reportedly delaying in an attempt to impose a partitionist "2 States" solution.

    On the contrary, Julin, stressed that "Sweden has strong demands on Turkey'"s respect of "Copenhagen Criteria and EU Acquis".

    Meanwhile, Sweden  is "concerned" about the risk of "Stalemate" in Cyprus' Talks, but is well aware that "the main responsibilities lie with the two leaders and the UNO", Europe playing only a role of "facilitator".

    After carefully verifying, the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, stressed to "EuroFora" that Bildt's reference to UNFICYP "was not linked to a Threat", and dismissed those who "interpreted" it so.

    On the contrary, the Swedish EU Presidency acknowledged the fact that Peace Talks are mainly for the UN and the leaders of the Cypriot communities, EU's role being limited into that of a "facilitator".

    As for Turkey's reported attempts to impose a "2 States' solution", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service sharply replied by stressing that Turkey must respect the "EU Acquis" rules.

    In particular :

    - "Basically he (Bildt) underlined that it's the leaders of the two communities in Cyprus and the UN that have the main responsibilities for solving the problem", started to say the Swedish Senior Official to "EuroFora", referring to the above-mentioned "briefing".

    - "But the EU had a role in sort of pointing out the benefits and facilitating a little bit the outcome for the settlement of the whole Cyprus' issue", she added.

    - "And he did state the Fact, that the rest of the World (i.e. USA, etc) will, of course, look at the differend issues which are at the table, and the future of the UN Peace keeping force is part of what is at the table", she admitted.

    - "I understand that some have interpreted that as a Threat, by the Swedish Minister" "But", in reality, "it's a statement of a Fact, that, when we'll look at the differend issues, one of the issues on which we shall have to take a stand on, is the future of the UN Peace keeping force in Cyprus".

    Indeed, one of the questions usually raised for a Solution of Cyprus' issue is what International and/or European or other Guarantees, by a Peace-keeping force, might be needed afterwards, eventually for a transitory period.

    Questioned anew by "EuroFora" whether (according to critical Press Reports) this could be taken as a veiled warning that, if Cyprus didn't accept any Turkish demand for any solution whatever, it might be left alone to face Ankara's Military Invasion/Occupation, she denied :

    - "He (Bildt) didn't say it in that way"... "It was not linked to a threat, or anything like that", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service stressed.

    On the contrary, "he (Bildt) underlined that the main responsibility lies with the parties concerned on the island". "The EU can try to facilitate and show the benefits of reaching a settlement. But also, when the EU and the rest of the World (i.e. USA) will have to look at it, they will look at all the Facts on the table, and the presence of the UN Peace-keeping force is one".

    And "he (Bildt) didn't speak about that at all", she replied to "EuroFora" question on Turkey's reported attemps to impose, in one way of another, a partitionist "2 States solution".

    Asked whether Bildt's aim was to incite both parties to move forward efficiently, she agreed :

    - In fact, "the EU is really very concerned with the Stalemate in the situation. Yes !", the Head of Sweden's Foreign Ministry's Press Service anounced. That's why Bildt "was hoping for the two parties (i.e. for Turkey's also) to engage and break, a little-bit, the present stalemate, come to a solution of the issue" of Cyprus.

    But, replying  to a "EuroFora"s question on the risk, denounced by several politicians in case of strict Time Deadlines, for Turkey to provoke a stalemate and wait for the time to come to impose a partitionist "2 States' solution", she reacted by pointing at Turkey's obligation to respect "EU Acquis" :

    - "Turkey must fullfil the EU Acquis : That's clear !", the Swedish Senior Official stressed.

    More details are expected when Swedish Prime Minister Reinfeldt will debate his Programme with new MEPs at EU Parliament's plenary mid-July in Strasbourg, that he has visited already in 2008.

    Foreign Minister Carl Bildt became familiar with Strasbourg's CoE last year, when Sweden chaired the PanEuropean organization of Human Rights. As EU chairman-in-office, he will also chair the 27-member States strong EU Group inside the 47-member States strong CoE.

    Minister for EU affairs, Cecilia Malmstrom is well known at EU Parliament, where she has been an active MEP of the Liberal Group for many years, following also Press Freedom issues.

    Both have already made various statements at "EuroFora", on differend topical matters.

    ***

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