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Αρχική arrow newsitems arrow Macron : Europe Must Not Yield to Turkey's Pressure !

Macron : Europe Must Not Yield to Turkey's Pressure !

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Tuesday, 01 October 2019

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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- "Above all, We (EU) Must Not Yield to Turkey's Pressure ! That's Clear for me", stressed French President Emmanuel Macron, speaking at CoE's Parliamentary Assembly (PACE) in Strasbourg, concerning particularly Ankara's new attempts to Exploit again Mass Migration for even More Money and Interventions inside Syria's Northern areas of Kurds who helped Fight ISIS' Deadly Islamist Terrorism targetting Civilians, and vis a vis EU Member Cyprus' Energy Sources, as he said in Reply to a Question raised on behalf of PACE's Biggest Group, that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP, by Experienced former Chairwoman of its Political affairs Committee and F. Foreign Minister, MEP Dora Bakogianni from Greece.

- The mainstream MEP had Denounced the Fact that, once again, "Turkey is putting Pressure on Europe", through "a New Great Migration Crisis", particularly "during the 3 Summer Months" of 2019, when more than "20.000 People arrived on the Greek Islands via Turkey", while "it's very clear" that Ankara's Authorities, not only "doN"t make No Effort to Stop that", but, evenmore, "on the Contrary, Facilitate this Migratory Flow", Because "Turkey wants a New Deal (i.e. in Addition to the 3 Billions € in full Grants Each Year, that EU already gave) : It Wants from Europe to Accept its Policy in Syria, and ...to be No Reaction to the flagrant Violation of Sovereign rights in the exclusive Economic zone of Cyprus".

 

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- "You are absolutely Right to say that this is abused as a means of Pressure from Turkey", as "I'm fully Aware of what Greece is going through Today, since,  if Migratory Prssure mounts up towards Europe, the main thrust is at Stake in that Route from Eastern Mediterranean, nowadays", Replied the French President, who is currently Chairing also the CoE, for the period from May to November 2019 included.  

=> - First of all, I don't think that the Right Reply would be to Yield to that Pressure !", exerted from Turkey, he clearly stressed.

- Already, "There is an (EU) Work done with Turkey, when I wasN't yet elected (2015-2016), but Negotiations took place in 2015-2016 and a Deal was Agreed on 2016, which must be Respected", he reminded, and "this does Not require Additional Measures, at this Stage", Macron refused.

- "It's true that Turkey is Blackmailing Europe !", had, Previously, Warned the Experienced President of Europe's Biggest Political Party that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP, Joseph Daul, speaking at a 2016 Event organised by Strasbourg's University, when Ankara was initially Pressing the EU for that Deal inside a Bloody Islamist Terrorism-stricken Brussels, (See: ..., etc).

- In particular, "Anyway, Our (EU) Agenda on the North of Syria (i.e. on Syrian Kurdish Fighters against ISIS and/or other Islamist Deadly Terrorists cowardly Targetting Civilian People) must Not be Determined from that Turkish Pressure, at any case. Absolutely Not !", the French President strongly underlined.

 - "On the Contrary, we (Europe) have clear DisAgreements vis a vis Turkey on Syria", Macron stressed, adding, also, that "we have a Joint Work, in Istanbul Format : Germany, France, Russia, Turkey and UNO, which would allow to make Progress on Syria" normaly.

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+ "Concerning Migratory Policy (of the EU), what you called "Burdens' Sharing", it's a Necessity of our Migratory Policy, for me, which should, Now, reach a New Stage, with that New (EU) Commission", Macron went on to develop.

- In fact, "I think that we (EU) collectively Failed at the Beginning of that (Mass) Migratory Policy, vis a vis Greece, and vis a vis Italy, (not during these Last Months, when the Flows were, Comparatively, reduced, but in the Middle of the so-called "Mare Nostrum", at the Core of that [Mass)] Migratory Pressure, that Italy lived through, around 2015+ : At that moment, there was No Solidarity" at all.

 + And this European Solidarity still is, Nowadays, Imperfect. Very largely Incomplete".

 - Because "it Lacks, from my point of view" :

- "1st, a Migratory Policy vis a vis the Countries of Origin".

 - Because, we are speaking there of (EU's) External Borders in Eastern Mediterranean, but we have also to Build a real EU Joint Migratory Policy vis a vis the Countries of Origin, on this point.

- "2nd point : We Must have a Joint European Policy on Protecting our common (European) External Borders"

 - In particular, "the Protection of our Common (EU) External Borders, canNot burden Only the Country of the 1st Entry" by Mass Migrants.

 - Fex., "France has, since a long time, put the accent into Strengthening FRONTEX and hiring More Agents".

- Howeve, "there are Many Mecanisms of Joint Protection", he Highlighted, without specifying now.

- "But, at any case, we must Mutualize the Cost of that Protection", he stressed.

- Moreover, from my point of view, we cannot get away from this Debate on more or less Solidarity, but Only by Changing what were our Terms of Refernce" :

- "Until now, several Countries only strived to Extend the Duration of Responsibility concerning the Countries of 1st Entry, which was of 6 Months, i.e. going Against what you asked", he replied to MEP Bakogianis.

 - Indeed, "I think that we should have much More Financial Solidarity, with the Countries of 1st Entry, and have a much More "Common System", so that when somebody comes from somewhere Out of Europe, a Migrant, (a word which covers Various Situations), the Responsibility for him/her should lie on the (EU) Community". and Not Only be a Burden for the Country of 1st Entry".

 - "Otherwise, we have an UnAcceptable Situation, for most Countries of 1st Origin, and InHuman for Many Refugees !", he denounced.

=> So that, for me, the 3rd Point is to have a Real EU Solidarity, which is Far from being the case until now, and to consider that (Mass) Migration's Cost is a European Cost", Macron underlined.

 + 4rth Point is to Harmonize, inside Schengen's area, the modalities of Asylum and Return":  

- "Not just in order to alleviate the Burden of Countries of 1st Origin, but in order to be able to Regulate Free Movement, and to Fight against Smugglers", "so that a Stop its put to "this situation where people who haven't any chance to get Asylum, neverheless, Stay often 4 to 5 Years in the EU, and sometimes don't even Return at all, or the even more unacceptable situation of People who deserve Asylum, but are Obliged to wait 2 or 3 Years, before getting it", (Because of that overall situation).

- "Because we need also, a real European Policy for Return", he stressed.

  - "Yes, Welcome is Human, but only if there is a real Return policy", Macron warned.

=> So, "Yes for a more Efficient" EU Migratory Policy, which, for me, goes through More Financial Solidarity, and a joint European Mechanism on Asylum and Return", the French President resumed in conclusion.


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 sarko_merkel_mieux

The official presentation of a "Program" respecting People's choices voted in the June 7, 2009 EU Elections, to be debated in EU Council and EU Parliament during its 1st Session on July in Strasbourg, is the No 1 Priority, according to Democratic principles, for the Franco-German axis, said the main winners at the ballot box, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angie Merkel.

They stressed  that the New EU Commission's President must have a "Program" in favor of an EU which "protects" its Citizens, regulates financial markets and aims at a "Political" Europe" : a wording they have used as incompatible with Turkey's controversial EU bid.

They also declared ready for a "political" endorsment of "Mr. Barroso's candidacy" in June's EU Council, considering that an official decision would have to be made after EU Parliament's debates and votes, possibly from next month (July), with the legally necessary final acceptance shortly after Lisbon Treaty's entry into force, hoped for September or October.


- "A Program, and Mr. Barroso" : This resumes, in substance, the anouncements made by Sarkozy and Merkel, on the question of current EU Commission's President, Barroso's declared wish to succeed to himself for a second mandate, to be extended during the following 5 years.

 In their 1st meeting after EU Elections, they observed that "the Franco-German axis counted in European Elections' campaign... But, we both keep a realistic view : We saw the number of those who abstained, and we must absolutely give them an answer. We also see the disilusionment of an important number of Europeans vis a vis Europe, and we are aware of the responsibilities we have".

sarko

 - The "Duty" of the new EU Commission's President, after June 7, 2009 EU Elections' result, "is to act for a Europe which protects the Europeans, to commit himself into working for a better Regulation of Financial transactions, ... and to have a Political will for Europe", underlined Sarkozy.

Therefore, "we have asked M. Barroso... to clarify, to officialy present the intentions he has", he anounced.

- "We want to speak also about the Programme", explained Merkel.

- "It's important that for the next EU Parliament's mandate (2009-2014) we take the right Decisions for Europe.  Obviously on Persons, but mainly Decisions on Issues", she stressed.

- "It's not simply a question of a Person, it's also a question of a Programme". We are "really asking Mr. Barroso to commit himself on a Program, and on Principles, on Values", Sarkozy added.

EU President-in-office, Czech Prime Minister Jan Fischer, accepted the Franco-German stance :

- "Barroso must present his Programme. The Czech Presidency agrees with that", Fischer reportedly said later, after meeting Sarkozy.

But Press reports from Brussels claimed that Barroso had preferred to be officially appointed by EU Council since June, (i.e. next week), "because this was implied by the current Treaty of Nice, according to him", and considered any delay until the possible ratification of the new, Lisbon Treaty on September/October, as "undemocratic".

- "At any case, independently of what Germany and France ask, it's also EU Parliament's wish". "We shall propose Mr Barroso's candidacy... But even in the framework of Nice Treaty, EU Parliament has to be associated in this Decision", the French President observed.

If this is correctly done, then "we support Mr. Barroso's candidature", and "if the (EU) Parliament agrees, we might ratify this decision since July", (i.e. next month), they both said.

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- "France and Germany support Baroso's candidacy, But we want to speak also on the Program. We believe that this Program should be established in close cooperation with EU Parliament, and that's why we have followed an appropriate way", said Merkel.  - If EU Parliament wants, this election can take place on July,  but this must be done in full agreement.

- "We shall support Mr. Barroso's candidacy, without doubt", said Sarkozy. "But we have asked from Mr. Barroso, as I told him yesterday, to put into detail.. his intentions, at the eve of his 2nd mandate, if the situation avails itself.


    France and Germany "don't want to take an Official Legal Decision by writting" during "the next (EU) Council" (on June 18-19), declared Sarkozy.  Because they prefer, at this stage, only "a Political decision" on June, "so that we (EU Council) can work together with EU Parliament", which starts to meet only Next Month, since July in Srasbourg, "leaving a Legal decision by writting for later".

    - "If the Conditions are fuillfiled in EU Parliament, we (EU Council) are ready to give the agreement and make it offficial", said Merkel

    - "But, now we are working in the base of Nice Treaty. If tommorow we want to work in the spirit of Lisbon Treaty, we have to find a proper way", she added.

    - "Of course it's Legally complicated, because we are going to make a Political proposal to the forthcoming Council, for an EU Commission's President, on the basis of Nice Treaty : So, we (EU Council) will not appoint the Commissioners. Only the President.  If EU Parliament agrees, it could endorse this position on July", explained Sarkozy.

    But, on Autumn, "if Ireland ratifies Lisbon Treaty, there will be, at any case, a 2nd Decision, to appoint the Commission's President, this time on the basis of Lisbon treaty, and then, we, the EU Member States, would have to appoint (also) the EU Commissioners", he added.

    As for the precise Timing :  - "Everything is suspended until the Irish vote... Now, we must all make everything possible to help Ireland to say "Yes"" to Lisbon Treaty... The Irish Referendum, ..will take place either on September or on October. It's a Question which depends on the Irish. And,  then, we shall have the Choice of the Candidates for the permanent Institutions of Europe".

    However, "if Ireland says No, we, French and Germans, have to assume our responsibilities, and we'll do so", he concluded.

    But British and Swedish governments were reportedly eager to have a final EU Council decision on Barroso since this month, on June's European Council. While the other EU Member Countries are divided, several of them preferring to wait until EU Parliament pronounces itself, on July, and/or until Lisbon Treaty might be ratified by Ireland at the beginning of the Autumn. Barroso's current mandate ends on November.

    There are also various, contradictory and/or unpredictable reactions inside EU Parliament vis a vis Barroso's wish to continue a 2nd mandate, because many MEPs are openly or secretly opposed, reluctant, or hesitating.

    In the biggest EU Countries, as France and Germany, EU Citizens voted on June 2009 EU Elections for a renovated, non-technocratic but Political Europe which cares for its Citizens, with an Identity, Values and Borders, declared incompatible with Turkey's controversial EU bid, by mainstream, pro-European Governing Parties. Similar choices were also supported in several other small or medium EU Countries.

    On the contrary, whenever, in other Countries, Governing and other mainstream Parties didn't make these choices or eluded them, EU Citizens massively voted for euro-Sceptics whenever they were the only ones to to promise anti-bureacratic change and oppose Turkey's demand to enter into the EU, (f.ex. in the UK, Netherlands, etc).

    It's seems to be an Open Question whether Sarkozy and Merkel's conditions will be really accepted by Barroso, who was appointed on 2004 in a different political context, (with Socialist Prime Ministers in Germany, France, etc), had rejected in the Past the idea of EU becoming "equal to the USA" as "ridiculous", and pushed for Turkey's contoversial EU bid, trying to "soften" or contain the changes desired by the People who voted for Merkel and Sarkozy with another policy vis a vis Turkey on 2005 in Germany and on 2007 in France, as they did all over Europe on 2009.

    In addition to many EPP Governments, it's 3 remaining Socialist Prime Ministers : Gordon Brown in the UK, Zapatero in Spain, and Socrates in Prortugal, who support Barroso, as well as Liberal Swedish Prime Minister Reinfeldt. But their Parties lost the June 2009 EU Elections.

    Questioned whether there was still "Time" for "other" possible "Candidates", Sarkozy and Merkel did not deny, nor made any comment on that, but simply said that "it's not for us to make publicity for any candidates. We anounced our choice ("A Program, and Mr. Barroso"). But we respect any other candidate".

    Among various other names cited are former Belgian Prime Minister Verhofstadt, former UNO's Human Rights Commissioner Mary Robinson of Ireland, Italian former EU Commission's vice-President Monti, etc. Meanwhile, Luxembourg's PM Juncker, (who had been unanimously accepted by EU Council for EU Commission's Presidency on 2004, but refused), announced his intention to resign from "EuroGroup"'s Chair. Thus, he might be available for another Top EU job.

    As "EuroFora"'s "opinion" said (See publication dated 9/6/09) : - "If the current candidates (i.e. Barroso, etc) to the Top EU jobs promise and guarantee to respect People's democratic choices, then, it's OK".

"Otherwise, Europe must find new candidates, really motivated and able to implement these democratic choices of the People."

    Because, "in Democracy, the forthcoming choices for EU's Top Jobs,...should be made according to EU Citizens' Votes in June 7, 2009 European Elections, and main EU Governments' strategic policies".
        

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