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Haupt arrow newsitems arrow France and Germany launch EU "Autonomy" Strategy in Dual (Defense+Civil) High-Tech.

France and Germany launch EU "Autonomy" Strategy in Dual (Defense+Civil) High-Tech.

Geschrieben von ACM
Thursday, 13 July 2017
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- Just before Strasbourg-HeadQuartered EUROCORPS, a Franco-German inspiration for EU-Core Military Heads of Staff (Etat Major, together with Spain, Poland, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Liaison Officers from Italy, Spain, and other EU Member States), celebrates at EU Parliament its 25th Anniversary on September 2017, France and Germany decided to launch an European "Autonomy" Strategy in a growing series of "Dual" High-Tech for Security/Defense, as well as Civic New Tools' purposes.


The Move was made at the Highest and most comprehensive possible Level, during Today's Franco-German Inter-Governemental Summit in Paris, where Both new French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angie Merkel, speaking at a subsequent Press Conference, HighLighted the main points of a Three-fold Plan, for the Next Few Years, to Strengthen European Defence Policy, Military Capabilities, and effective Cooperation.

 

francogerman_summit_july_2017_press_conf__400


This July 2017 Franco-German initiative includes a concrete Design for a "Reinforced Cooperation" in Defense between Willing EU Member States, according to the Institutional Mechanism foreseen by the Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force on 2010, but Decided to be Used in this domain only at the Latest EU Summit last June 2017 in Brussels, which also Created a European Defense Fund, (See "Eurofora"s NewsReports from the spot, f.ex. at :....), and was "Shared" Today with several other EU Member States' Ministers, as well as EU's High Representative on Foreign and Security policies, Frederica Mogherini, as Macron noted.


- "It's an Important Moment for our Convergence in this area, underlined the New French President, while the German Chancellor stressed that "it's (also) something that Can really Make Europe Advance Forward", while also helping "Protect" and "Ensure our Security", as they respectively resumed.


- Endorsing a German Collegue's (from Nearby Frankfurt)remark that, at least some Specific Projects, as f.ex. that of the Creation of a "New Joint Fighter" Airplane, "have almost a Parfume of Revolution", Macron "Confirmed" that, indeed, "this is a Profound Revolution", "Long-term and Peaceful"; Able to bring "a European Unity on Projects", while Merkel agreed, and stressed, Moreover, that, in fact, "there is a Multitude of such Joint Projects" to create New Tools :


- I.e., in Addition to that "New Generation" of Joint Fighter Airplanes (Comp. Supra - for which a "RoadMap is expected until the Middle of 2018", in order to have "a Timetable"), there are also Projects for "Euro-Drones", "Satellite Coverage" extended on Military issues, as well as "Cyber-Security" implying "Digital Cooperation", (etc), as Merkel noted. Macron had already evoked, earlier, also "Future Systems of Tanks and Canons ("New generation Indirect Shots", according to an Official Document), ...Helicopters", etc.


Relevant Franco-German Documents add also New "Systems of Maritime Patrols", Earth Observation by "Satellite Images", Scientific "Research" and "Technology" Development, particularly on "Dual Digital Tech.", "including Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Quantum Informatics", etc.
>>> Apparently Emerging through such moves, perhaps the Most Important is a Common Franco-German Political Will to Boost Europe's "Strategic Autonomy" on Defense policy, in the foreseable Future.


This is, indeed, Explicitly noted in the Written Conclusions of the specific Franco-German Council on Defense, (Distributed Today inside the Summit's wider "Press File"), which mentions the Aim of "European Strategic Autonomy" Twice : - Concerning the EU Funding of relevant "Industrial" projects in general, and, in particular, the Space High-Tech. "Military Applications" of "GALILEO" Satellite Navigation System, (equivalent to USA's "GPS", Russia's "GLONASS", China's "Beidou", etc).


Such "Dual" High-Tech. may Enlarge the Participation, in one way or another, of several EU Member States, to those Franco-German Initiatives, as, f.ex., it's indicated, among others, also by the case of Cyprus, which, even if it's one of the few EU Countries which do Not participate at the NATO, (as well as Ireland, Malta, Austria, Finland, Sweden, etc), nevertheless, has Already Started, recently, to cooperate, through a Branch of German Company "PLATH GMbH" (already Present also in France and Switzerland), which was created at Limassol on 2016 ("PLATH Ltd"), for the preparation of Telecommunications' aspects in "Electronic Warfare" and/or "Intelligence" Research and Technology Development due to serve at Modern Smart Tanks used by the German Army.


- "Innovation" was also Stressed by Macron concerning the above-mentioned New generation "Joing Fighter Airplane" project (which seems due to Overcome, in the Future, the current Division of the EU between the French "Rafale" and the Germano-Brittish "Euro-Fighter", etc), "Because these are very Heavy Projects, for our Governments and Armed Forces, which are, afterwards, to be Exported". But, since "Today we have Many Projects and Standards at EU Level, added to Intra-European Competition for International Exports", ("compared" to the USA = "1 to 5", as he pointed out), "We (EU) Need to Simplify things, in order to be More Efficient".

 

new_generation_francogerman_fighter_airplane_to_succeed_rafale__eurofighter_eurofora_400


- F.ex., that "New Generation Aircraft's aim is, First of all, to Launch Together a Joint Reearch/Development Policy, and, then, to Use that Both, in our Armed Forces". And, (taking also into account "our Working relations' Policies, which are Different"), thus, "we Can Coordinate (also) our Exports", he added.


+ Merkel stressed, in Addition, that "Germany and France Want to Promote very Actively the European Drone" project, "taking also into account he Modern Forms of Military Operations", where "it's of the outmost Importance, as, f.ex., in Satelite Coverage and in the area of the Army, where there are Convergences".


++ "But there are Also Convergences in Digital Cooperation, which affects the Ministry of Interior and Cyber-Security. We have, here, examined the Whole Area, and Identified Joint Projects", she concluded.
The First Concrete Steps in these Ambitious Directions, are reportedly expected Soon after the forthcoming German Parliamentary Elections of September 24, i.e. from October 2017 and particularly in the Middle of 2018, (i.e., Timely, about 1 Year Before the European Elections of May 2019).


---------------------------------


+ At the Same Moment, the Franco-German duo expressed also its view on the Importance that they Both Recognize to the Euro-American relations, on the Occasion of the New US President Don Trump's visit to Paris, ToNight and Tomorrow Morning, where he has been Invited as Guest of Honor at the Traditional "14th of July" National French Military Parade at the Champs Elysées Avenue, (which, this year, coincides also with the 1st Anniversary of the Horrible Massacre by an ISIS-related Islamist Terrorist which Cowardly Targetted and Killed Many Innocent Civilian People at Nice City, Back on 2016 : See ...).

- Merkel stressed that We (EU) have in Common, with the USA, f.ex. the Fight against Terrorism and several Other Issues, despite some Differences on Climate, etc, where it's important to Talk Together. We (EU) are in Close Cooperation with the USA on Security, and, in this World of the 21st Century, we are all Dependent on Each Other, while Europe's safety, f.ex., canNot Win Alone the Fight against Terrorism, and it's not for nothing that we are NATO Members, as she said.


 - But we understood, recently, that it's also inside the USA that People are raising Questions about Globalisation, and, therefore, we (EU) have also to become Able to Count on Ourselves, she Highlighted.


+ Macron Agreed, in substance, and Added that we must Never Forget History, but ReNew Ties. We (EU and USA) have  Common Struggles and Common Values in this World, even if with Differences and Similarities that we should not forget, but Talk between us. USA is a Strategic Partner for France and Europe in the Fight against Terrorism, for our Collectibe Security, and/or in certain Common Areas in which our Armed Forces work Together, in parallel to various Diplomatic Efforts that we do Together, he observed.


This is in addition to "Multi-Secular Relations" that France has with the USA, he also reminded, evoking something like a Parfume of Lafayette from the 18th Century of the Enlightnment...

 

In parallel, both France and all the EU don't underestimate the Importance of their Defense relations with the UK, even after "BREXIT", as an Experienced, Top French MEP, politically close to Macron's Government, recently told "Eurofora". (See : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/topmepdanjeanonsecuritydefenseandbrexit.html).


---------------------------------


Merkel and Macron spoke Shortly After the Recent "G-20" Summit in Hamburg (Comp. "Eurofora"s NewsReports from the spot, f.ex. : ..., etc), where they Also Stressed the Importance of Strategic Cooperation with Russia, particularly in the common Fight against Deadly Islamist Terrorism targetting Innocent Civilian People throughout the EU, Russia (and even USA), as well as on several Other Issues, such as Syria, Ukraine, etc., (on which Presidents Trump and Putin also exchanged views in Hamburg, at their 1st ever Meeting, which was UneExpectedly Long, and Highlighted the Contemporary Reality of a MultiPolar World, marked also by the Presence of Chinese President Xi Jiping, and other Key Partners of the EU all accross the Globe : Comp. ibid).


 

(../..)


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***

(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap).

***


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    The incoming Swedish EU Presidency (July-December 2009) may still remain in favour of Turkey's controversial EU bid, despite June 2009 EU Elections' results, but it has "very strong demands on Turkey"'s obligation to respect EU Rules, said the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, to "EuroFora", reacting to critical Press reports.

    - "I know (that) the link is often made also to Sweden's position on Turkey"'s controversial EU bid. Indeed, "we (Swedish EU Presidency) are very much engaged in the future membership of Turkey, but not without fullfiling all the Criteria".

    - "It's very clear that we (Swedish EU Presidecny) have very Strong Demands on Turkey, in a sort of concept for Future membership of the Union, ...which will be a Long Process...", she stressed.

    This means, in particular, "the Copenhagen Criteria (on Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law), and also the adaptation to the Acquis of the European Union".

     - "If you listen to what Mr. Bildt (the Swedish Foreign Minister) says on Turkey at different occasions, it's very clear : We want Turkey to become part of the Union, in the Future. But we want it to fullfil all the Criteria : The Acquis of the European Union. That's very clear", she concluded.

    The Senior Official of the Swedish Foreign Ministry was reacting to critical Press Reports, from Brussels' Journalists invited by EU Commission's secretariat to Stockholm, who claimed that Bildt was abusing of a ..."Whip" (sic !) against Cyprus, by "threatening" the presence of UNO's Peace-keeping force at the "Green line" which separates the island's Government-controlled areas from the territories occupied by Ankara's army, if Nicosia didn't accept any political solution, regardless of Turkey's demands, before the end of 2009.

        Governing AKEL Party's new Secretary General, Andros Kyprianou, reacted by declaring that no-one can threat the People of Cyprus : -"We shall decide for our Future, and nobody else",  he reportedly said, asking to "keep calm". "In order to find a Solution soon, certain basic Principles must be respected", he stressed, calling those who feel an urgency to use their influence on Turkey. Other Political Parties were more critical.

    This was a reference to recently reported statements by Turkish Minister Bagis, Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan and Turkey's National Security Council (a Military-Political body), accused to push towards a partitionist "2 States" solution, contrary to UNO SC Resolutions for Cyprus' reunification.

    December 2009 is a crucial moment for EU's appraisal of Turkey's controversial EU bid, because EU Council has decided to review then Ankara's compliance with the European position on the recognition of Cyprus' Government, which was clearly set out by an EU reply of 21 September 2005 to Turkish Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan's claims, refusing to recognize even the existence of EU Member Cyprus, in controversial statements he made to London (former EU chair) on July 29, 2005.

    EU Parliament's latest Resolution on Turkey, adopted on March 2009 in Strasbourg, warned Ankara that "the non-fulfillment of Turkey's commitments... by December 2009, may further seriously affect the process of Negotiations" with the EU.

    In practice, the issue boils down to Ankara's "embargo" against Ships and Airplanes using Cyprus' seaports or airports at the strategic EU island, which traditionaly hosts one of the World's biggest Shipping flags. EU has already "freezed" 6 relevant Chapters in EU - Turkey Negotiations since December 2006, after Ankara refused to fullfil a commitment it had undertaken when EU had decided to open controversial "accession" negotiations with Turkey, back on December 2005.

    - "As far as EU - Turkey relations are concerned, it's clear that Turkey needs to fullfil its obligation of full, non-discriminatory implementation of the additional Protocol (to "EC-Turkey Association Agreement"),  This is an important issue....and should be addresseed as soon as possible as it clearly affects the pace of the accession negotiations.Issues covered by the Declaration of September 2005 will continue to be followed up, and progress is urgently awaited", warned earlier in Strasbourg the out-going Czech EU Presidency (former vice-Prime Minister Alexander Vodra).

    But the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, dismissed "interpretations" by "some" that Foreign Minister Carl Bildt was reportedly "threatening" Cyprus with consequences on the UNFICYP, if it doesn't accept any solution until December 2009, while Turkey is reportedly delaying in an attempt to impose a partitionist "2 States" solution.

    On the contrary, Julin, stressed that "Sweden has strong demands on Turkey'"s respect of "Copenhagen Criteria and EU Acquis".

    Meanwhile, Sweden  is "concerned" about the risk of "Stalemate" in Cyprus' Talks, but is well aware that "the main responsibilities lie with the two leaders and the UNO", Europe playing only a role of "facilitator".

    After carefully verifying, the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, stressed to "EuroFora" that Bildt's reference to UNFICYP "was not linked to a Threat", and dismissed those who "interpreted" it so.

    On the contrary, the Swedish EU Presidency acknowledged the fact that Peace Talks are mainly for the UN and the leaders of the Cypriot communities, EU's role being limited into that of a "facilitator".

    As for Turkey's reported attempts to impose a "2 States' solution", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service sharply replied by stressing that Turkey must respect the "EU Acquis" rules.

    In particular :

    - "Basically he (Bildt) underlined that it's the leaders of the two communities in Cyprus and the UN that have the main responsibilities for solving the problem", started to say the Swedish Senior Official to "EuroFora", referring to the above-mentioned "briefing".

    - "But the EU had a role in sort of pointing out the benefits and facilitating a little bit the outcome for the settlement of the whole Cyprus' issue", she added.

    - "And he did state the Fact, that the rest of the World (i.e. USA, etc) will, of course, look at the differend issues which are at the table, and the future of the UN Peace keeping force is part of what is at the table", she admitted.

    - "I understand that some have interpreted that as a Threat, by the Swedish Minister" "But", in reality, "it's a statement of a Fact, that, when we'll look at the differend issues, one of the issues on which we shall have to take a stand on, is the future of the UN Peace keeping force in Cyprus".

    Indeed, one of the questions usually raised for a Solution of Cyprus' issue is what International and/or European or other Guarantees, by a Peace-keeping force, might be needed afterwards, eventually for a transitory period.

    Questioned anew by "EuroFora" whether (according to critical Press Reports) this could be taken as a veiled warning that, if Cyprus didn't accept any Turkish demand for any solution whatever, it might be left alone to face Ankara's Military Invasion/Occupation, she denied :

    - "He (Bildt) didn't say it in that way"... "It was not linked to a threat, or anything like that", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service stressed.

    On the contrary, "he (Bildt) underlined that the main responsibility lies with the parties concerned on the island". "The EU can try to facilitate and show the benefits of reaching a settlement. But also, when the EU and the rest of the World (i.e. USA) will have to look at it, they will look at all the Facts on the table, and the presence of the UN Peace-keeping force is one".

    And "he (Bildt) didn't speak about that at all", she replied to "EuroFora" question on Turkey's reported attemps to impose, in one way of another, a partitionist "2 States solution".

    Asked whether Bildt's aim was to incite both parties to move forward efficiently, she agreed :

    - In fact, "the EU is really very concerned with the Stalemate in the situation. Yes !", the Head of Sweden's Foreign Ministry's Press Service anounced. That's why Bildt "was hoping for the two parties (i.e. for Turkey's also) to engage and break, a little-bit, the present stalemate, come to a solution of the issue" of Cyprus.

    But, replying  to a "EuroFora"s question on the risk, denounced by several politicians in case of strict Time Deadlines, for Turkey to provoke a stalemate and wait for the time to come to impose a partitionist "2 States' solution", she reacted by pointing at Turkey's obligation to respect "EU Acquis" :

    - "Turkey must fullfil the EU Acquis : That's clear !", the Swedish Senior Official stressed.

    More details are expected when Swedish Prime Minister Reinfeldt will debate his Programme with new MEPs at EU Parliament's plenary mid-July in Strasbourg, that he has visited already in 2008.

    Foreign Minister Carl Bildt became familiar with Strasbourg's CoE last year, when Sweden chaired the PanEuropean organization of Human Rights. As EU chairman-in-office, he will also chair the 27-member States strong EU Group inside the 47-member States strong CoE.

    Minister for EU affairs, Cecilia Malmstrom is well known at EU Parliament, where she has been an active MEP of the Liberal Group for many years, following also Press Freedom issues.

    Both have already made various statements at "EuroFora", on differend topical matters.

    ***

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