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Pagina principale arrow newsitems arrow France and Germany launch EU "Autonomy" Strategy in Dual (Defense+Civil) High-Tech.

France and Germany launch EU "Autonomy" Strategy in Dual (Defense+Civil) High-Tech.

Scritto da ACM
Thursday, 13 July 2017
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- Just before Strasbourg-HeadQuartered EUROCORPS, a Franco-German inspiration for EU-Core Military Heads of Staff (Etat Major, together with Spain, Poland, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Liaison Officers from Italy, Spain, and other EU Member States), celebrates at EU Parliament its 25th Anniversary on September 2017, France and Germany decided to launch an European "Autonomy" Strategy in a growing series of "Dual" High-Tech for Security/Defense, as well as Civic New Tools' purposes.


The Move was made at the Highest and most comprehensive possible Level, during Today's Franco-German Inter-Governemental Summit in Paris, where Both new French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angie Merkel, speaking at a subsequent Press Conference, HighLighted the main points of a Three-fold Plan, for the Next Few Years, to Strengthen European Defence Policy, Military Capabilities, and effective Cooperation.

 

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This July 2017 Franco-German initiative includes a concrete Design for a "Reinforced Cooperation" in Defense between Willing EU Member States, according to the Institutional Mechanism foreseen by the Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force on 2010, but Decided to be Used in this domain only at the Latest EU Summit last June 2017 in Brussels, which also Created a European Defense Fund, (See "Eurofora"s NewsReports from the spot, f.ex. at :....), and was "Shared" Today with several other EU Member States' Ministers, as well as EU's High Representative on Foreign and Security policies, Frederica Mogherini, as Macron noted.


- "It's an Important Moment for our Convergence in this area, underlined the New French President, while the German Chancellor stressed that "it's (also) something that Can really Make Europe Advance Forward", while also helping "Protect" and "Ensure our Security", as they respectively resumed.


- Endorsing a German Collegue's (from Nearby Frankfurt)remark that, at least some Specific Projects, as f.ex. that of the Creation of a "New Joint Fighter" Airplane, "have almost a Parfume of Revolution", Macron "Confirmed" that, indeed, "this is a Profound Revolution", "Long-term and Peaceful"; Able to bring "a European Unity on Projects", while Merkel agreed, and stressed, Moreover, that, in fact, "there is a Multitude of such Joint Projects" to create New Tools :


- I.e., in Addition to that "New Generation" of Joint Fighter Airplanes (Comp. Supra - for which a "RoadMap is expected until the Middle of 2018", in order to have "a Timetable"), there are also Projects for "Euro-Drones", "Satellite Coverage" extended on Military issues, as well as "Cyber-Security" implying "Digital Cooperation", (etc), as Merkel noted. Macron had already evoked, earlier, also "Future Systems of Tanks and Canons ("New generation Indirect Shots", according to an Official Document), ...Helicopters", etc.


Relevant Franco-German Documents add also New "Systems of Maritime Patrols", Earth Observation by "Satellite Images", Scientific "Research" and "Technology" Development, particularly on "Dual Digital Tech.", "including Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Quantum Informatics", etc.
>>> Apparently Emerging through such moves, perhaps the Most Important is a Common Franco-German Political Will to Boost Europe's "Strategic Autonomy" on Defense policy, in the foreseable Future.


This is, indeed, Explicitly noted in the Written Conclusions of the specific Franco-German Council on Defense, (Distributed Today inside the Summit's wider "Press File"), which mentions the Aim of "European Strategic Autonomy" Twice : - Concerning the EU Funding of relevant "Industrial" projects in general, and, in particular, the Space High-Tech. "Military Applications" of "GALILEO" Satellite Navigation System, (equivalent to USA's "GPS", Russia's "GLONASS", China's "Beidou", etc).


Such "Dual" High-Tech. may Enlarge the Participation, in one way or another, of several EU Member States, to those Franco-German Initiatives, as, f.ex., it's indicated, among others, also by the case of Cyprus, which, even if it's one of the few EU Countries which do Not participate at the NATO, (as well as Ireland, Malta, Austria, Finland, Sweden, etc), nevertheless, has Already Started, recently, to cooperate, through a Branch of German Company "PLATH GMbH" (already Present also in France and Switzerland), which was created at Limassol on 2016 ("PLATH Ltd"), for the preparation of Telecommunications' aspects in "Electronic Warfare" and/or "Intelligence" Research and Technology Development due to serve at Modern Smart Tanks used by the German Army.


- "Innovation" was also Stressed by Macron concerning the above-mentioned New generation "Joing Fighter Airplane" project (which seems due to Overcome, in the Future, the current Division of the EU between the French "Rafale" and the Germano-Brittish "Euro-Fighter", etc), "Because these are very Heavy Projects, for our Governments and Armed Forces, which are, afterwards, to be Exported". But, since "Today we have Many Projects and Standards at EU Level, added to Intra-European Competition for International Exports", ("compared" to the USA = "1 to 5", as he pointed out), "We (EU) Need to Simplify things, in order to be More Efficient".

 

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- F.ex., that "New Generation Aircraft's aim is, First of all, to Launch Together a Joint Reearch/Development Policy, and, then, to Use that Both, in our Armed Forces". And, (taking also into account "our Working relations' Policies, which are Different"), thus, "we Can Coordinate (also) our Exports", he added.


+ Merkel stressed, in Addition, that "Germany and France Want to Promote very Actively the European Drone" project, "taking also into account he Modern Forms of Military Operations", where "it's of the outmost Importance, as, f.ex., in Satelite Coverage and in the area of the Army, where there are Convergences".


++ "But there are Also Convergences in Digital Cooperation, which affects the Ministry of Interior and Cyber-Security. We have, here, examined the Whole Area, and Identified Joint Projects", she concluded.
The First Concrete Steps in these Ambitious Directions, are reportedly expected Soon after the forthcoming German Parliamentary Elections of September 24, i.e. from October 2017 and particularly in the Middle of 2018, (i.e., Timely, about 1 Year Before the European Elections of May 2019).


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+ At the Same Moment, the Franco-German duo expressed also its view on the Importance that they Both Recognize to the Euro-American relations, on the Occasion of the New US President Don Trump's visit to Paris, ToNight and Tomorrow Morning, where he has been Invited as Guest of Honor at the Traditional "14th of July" National French Military Parade at the Champs Elysées Avenue, (which, this year, coincides also with the 1st Anniversary of the Horrible Massacre by an ISIS-related Islamist Terrorist which Cowardly Targetted and Killed Many Innocent Civilian People at Nice City, Back on 2016 : See ...).

- Merkel stressed that We (EU) have in Common, with the USA, f.ex. the Fight against Terrorism and several Other Issues, despite some Differences on Climate, etc, where it's important to Talk Together. We (EU) are in Close Cooperation with the USA on Security, and, in this World of the 21st Century, we are all Dependent on Each Other, while Europe's safety, f.ex., canNot Win Alone the Fight against Terrorism, and it's not for nothing that we are NATO Members, as she said.


 - But we understood, recently, that it's also inside the USA that People are raising Questions about Globalisation, and, therefore, we (EU) have also to become Able to Count on Ourselves, she Highlighted.


+ Macron Agreed, in substance, and Added that we must Never Forget History, but ReNew Ties. We (EU and USA) have  Common Struggles and Common Values in this World, even if with Differences and Similarities that we should not forget, but Talk between us. USA is a Strategic Partner for France and Europe in the Fight against Terrorism, for our Collectibe Security, and/or in certain Common Areas in which our Armed Forces work Together, in parallel to various Diplomatic Efforts that we do Together, he observed.


This is in addition to "Multi-Secular Relations" that France has with the USA, he also reminded, evoking something like a Parfume of Lafayette from the 18th Century of the Enlightnment...

 

In parallel, both France and all the EU don't underestimate the Importance of their Defense relations with the UK, even after "BREXIT", as an Experienced, Top French MEP, politically close to Macron's Government, recently told "Eurofora". (See : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/topmepdanjeanonsecuritydefenseandbrexit.html).


---------------------------------


Merkel and Macron spoke Shortly After the Recent "G-20" Summit in Hamburg (Comp. "Eurofora"s NewsReports from the spot, f.ex. : ..., etc), where they Also Stressed the Importance of Strategic Cooperation with Russia, particularly in the common Fight against Deadly Islamist Terrorism targetting Innocent Civilian People throughout the EU, Russia (and even USA), as well as on several Other Issues, such as Syria, Ukraine, etc., (on which Presidents Trump and Putin also exchanged views in Hamburg, at their 1st ever Meeting, which was UneExpectedly Long, and Highlighted the Contemporary Reality of a MultiPolar World, marked also by the Presence of Chinese President Xi Jiping, and other Key Partners of the EU all accross the Globe : Comp. ibid).


 

(../..)


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***

(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap).

***


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3 EU Parliament votes to boost EuroGroup !

---------------------------------

After EuroZone Paris Summit's succes, Sarkozy calls to "think anew how to re-construct Europe !

"EuroZone and EU Institutional debates pave the way to 2009 discussions on EU Future, including Enlargment, Turkey etc. ?


23 October 2008

After EU Parliament strongly suppported in 3 successive Votes this week in Strasbourg French EU Chairmanship's move to boost Euro-Group at EU's core, while ideas on EU Institutional problems are awaited on December, "it's an open Question now" if this may lead to a debate on EU's Future, or not, told us French President, Nicolas Sarkozy''s Spokesman, Pierre-Jerome Henin.

MEPs voted on Thursday fresh Funds to support EuroGroup, after adopting on Wednesday a Resolution asking a "further Evolution" to "the 1st ever meeting of Heads of State and of Government of the Euro-Zone, taking decisions in that capacity", while earlier this week a Report asked "a stronger Institutional setting" for "EuroGroup", extended from "competitiveness/industry" to "environment, employment and education", with "increased powers for Political decision-making", according to a text drafted by French MEP Francoise Beres and German MEP Werner Langen, "10 Years after the creation of Euro" (1999 - 2009).

- Brussels' subsequent "EU Council ..(simply)..ratified the measures decided by EuroGroup on October 12" in Paris, which "were necessary to contain the current Financial Crisis", Resolution observes, expressing also support to the new process succesfully initiated by Sarkozy and due to be completed by agreements with USA and other countries at a Global level.

From now on, it's between two differend but parallel moves : EU's delay, and EuroZone's acceleration, that Enlargement and particularly Turkey's controversial EU bid, will have to search its way :

Indeed, EU's 27 expect a "Roadmap on how to deal with the Irish problem" on Lisbon Treaty ratification after December, risking to pass even 2009 Elections and next Commission with the old Nice Treaty of 2000, out-dated and unfit even for 2004's Enlargement...

On the contrary, EU's core launches a real "Economic Governance for EuroZone at the highest level of Heads of State/Government" of the 15, which started in Paris on October 12 and was strongly supported this week in Strasbourg by Sarkozy and EU Parliament.
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- "It's a good idea, to launch such a debate ("on EU's Future") in EU Parliament in view of 2009 Euro-Election : Perhaps some MEPs will seize an opportunity", told us mainstream French MEP Alain Lamassoure, former EU Minister and EU Spokesman for France's governing party UMP.

- "All MEPs' debates on such EU Councils are also part of the larger debate on Europe's future : Now with EuroZone, and even more when, on December, Irish Prime Minister is due to table proposals in Strasbourg on how to deal with EU Treaty's ratification", replied earlier to our question EU Parliament's Press Director and Spokesman, Jaume Duch.
--------------------------------------
Sarkozy has formally anounced his intention to open EU Debates on Economy, Identity/Enlargement (i.e. mainly Turkey), etc. both linked to a popular Political view of Europe, since his Historic speeches on EU in Strasbourg, on February and July 2007, when he stressed that "Europe needs a New Renaissance". At the beginning of the French EU Presidency, on July 2008, replying to a MEP, he suggested that EU Parliament takes an active part in Debates on EU's Future.

- Now, in 2008, "Crisis are an opportunity to re-think how to re-construct Europe", Sarkozy stressed. At any case, the Historic 1st EuroZone Summit of Heads of State/Government, which started replying to the Financial crisis,"is a Turning Point : After that, Europe cannot be governed as before, but differently" : People "like a Europe with Strong Will".

- "We must make the System move !", "Europe needs Innovation" and free political debates. EU "Elections are in a few Months", Sarkozy warned.

He invited EU Parliament to fully play its role as "the Democratic Heart of the Europe we want : United, Independent and Voluntarist, because the World needs Europe's voice".

- "It's no more possible for Euro-Zone to continue without an Economic Government" at the Highest Level of Heads of State/Government, who provide "Democratic Legitimity" and can take important decisions, he announced, strongly supported by EU Parliament's Economic Committee which just voted to boost the "Institutional" aspects of "EuroGroup".

Plasticity offered by the current absence of a special Treaty on EuroZone's Institutions "made it easy to adapt the organization of the 1st Summit with imagination, to efficiently meet urgent needs", he observed, on the occasion of Brittish Prime Minister's exceptionnal presence at the greatest part of EuroGroup's Paris Summit.

- "In EuroZone we have the same Bank, the same Money, and, thus, a same duty for Unity" : "By bringing together EuroGroup's 15 members States we suceeded to find a solution and prepare a Giant Plan of 1.800 Billion euros", Sarkozy reminded of Paris' 1st Historic EuroZone's Summit.

Afterwards, Brussels' EU Council followed the move, and USA's Paulson II Plan was inspired from that. "Europe must promote the idea of Global Economy's Refoundation", he stressed.

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- "I was frankly astonished when I found, at the EU, a rigid system, where any New Idea was seen from the outset as a sacrilege, while, on the contrary, Europe needs Innovation !", he described.

F.ex. ,"'When we first spoke about the "Union for the Mediterranean", it was misunderstood as something extraordinary.. When later we had the Russia -Georgia crisis, it seemed against EU's custom to act "in the middle of August", instead of staying a passive spectator ! And when, in front of the Financial ciris, we gathered the 1st EuroZone Summit of the "15", some thought of it as a lese-majesté", he denounced.
----------------------
On Geo-Political Principles :
----------------------
- But, by moving resolutely, "EU obtained the ...withdrawal of Occupation Troops in 2 Months !", reminded Sarkozy, observing that Russia "fulfilled its commitments", in the Georgian crisis, where a "disroportionate reaction" from Moscow followed a "totally inappropriate action" from Tbilisi's troops. "It would be crazy to reply by military means : EU should not become accomplice of another Cold War, imposed by lack of cool heads".. as he said.

In future, "the creation of a common European Economic Area with EU and Russia, would also obtain a raprochment on our Human Rights and Democratic Values", added Sarkozy, in a statement which should logically be applied, a fortiori, to controversial EU "candidate" Turkey..

Particularly when, the same week that EU Parliament voted 2009 EU Funds for Turkey's controversial EU bid, ECHR took a series of judgements condemning Turkey for grave Violations of Human Rights, such as : Torture, death of a political prisoner in unclear circumstances followed by failure to conduct a proper Investigation, "enforced Disappearance" of a youngster aged 17, Killing of a sepherd with Tank Shells, persecuting Journalists for articles on "Missing" People, even a former President of Human Rights' Association, (etc)

- "We (EU) can defend our ideas on respect of Sovereignity and territorial Integrity, on Human Rights and other differences ... without confrontation", Sarkozy stressed, on the occasion of Russian/Georgian conflict, reminding that : "we were only 2 steps from catastroph", when a Peace agreement brokered in Moscow prevented, at the last minute, Russian troops' advance towards Tbilisi.

An EU Parliament Resolution adopted Wednesday in Strasbourg on the occasion of Russia - Georgia conflict, outlines a set of Principle which apply elsewhere too, (particularly when EU Rapporteur for Russia and Turkey is one and same person ; Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijtanen !)

Clearly rejecting any "military solution to the conflicts", MEPs "condemn ..all those who resorted to force and violence". They denounce a "disproportionate military action", "as well as (an) unilateral decision to recognise the independence" of brekaway regions, "calling.. to respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity" of the concerned country, "and the inviolability of its borders recognised by all EU Member States". They warn that "EU must review its policy towards" a 3rd Country, "should .(it)...not comply with its commitments", and "stress that the withdrawal of.... troops from the areas ....is an essential additional step".

EU Parliament "calls for the safe and quick return of refugees, (accepted by Russian President Medvedev) accompanied by the deployment of EU observers on the ground", and "regrets ...that ..EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM) is not allowed to enter the ...breakaway regions". Moreover, "It's important to ensure that persons and NGOs ..engaged in defending human and civil rights can operate". "Until ...all remaining issues (are) resolved..., and notably the continuing ...Military presence", "relations with the EU ..cannot be fully normalised", MEPS warned.

As nobody likes to be accused to practice "Double Standards", this should be regarded as "Principles" applicable to any Third Country at EU's Neighborhood.. No ?

-------------------

On Economy :

-----------------------
- "When Financial crisis shook US and EU's Banks, without result from the 1st (American) Paulsen plan, it was the common reply of the 1st EuroZone's Summit, involving some 1800 Billion euros, which started a positive move in the markets, soon strengthened by the follow-up of the US Paulson 2 Plan, noted Sarkozy.

- "Europe should not be only on the defensive, but, if necessary, know also how to take an offensive", he said, brushing away hesitationsto act on Economy: - "I'm for a refondation of Capitaliism, but against Speculators, who betray its values" : "Lack of Rules was profitable to speculators, Not to businessmen !" We must make sure to prevent any such crisis in future". "We, the rest of the World, cannot continue to bear the deficits of the 1st World power without saying anything !", the French President said, applauded by EU Parliament. All this needs "a New Global Governance", on which EU Parliament must debate. That's why "we proposed together with USA, several Summits from mid-November", to which G-8, enlarged to China, India a.o. countries, should participate. UNO's SG; Ban Ki Moon, the IMF, etc.

Financial crisis lowered shares' prices even for healthy companies, sometimes to 1/3 of their initial price, so that strangers might buy EU industries for only a portion of their real value, and Europeans may wake up one day with their main industries sold out to foreigners !

That's one of the reasons for which EU should debate about creating "Golden Shares" for States to jointly take Strategic participations to help European Industries until the end of the Crisis, particularly against distording competition, he suggested, pointing at USA's 35 billion $ plan for American Car Industry."We shall struggle for Europe to be able to build Airplanes, Ships, Trains, Cars, because we need a strong Industry", he concluded.

"F.ex. as we did back in 2004, when as Finance Minister, we bought Alsthom's shares for 800.000 euros, and, after restructuring, we sold them for 2 Millions : Help a company and make money is not so bad"...

As for the UK, "when Ireland announced that it would guarantee only Irish Banks, London City emptied from liquidities in 24 hours : It's the EU which helped to restore the situation, Not the UK alone !", reminded Sarkozy to nationalist British MEP Nigel Farage.

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On the contrary, in a last-minute attempt for the EU to catch-up with its Institutional delay "before the European Elections" of June 2009, MEPs simply voted a call for a "set of proposals" to be made for the "Irish public opinion" at the end of the year...

- "As long as Lisbon Treaty is not ratified by all 27 EU Member States, there is an unanimous decision to stop Enlargement, reminded Wednesday in Strasbourg the French Minister for EU affairs, Jean-Pierre Jouyet..

Added to an indirect but clear warning that, without Lisbon Treaty, all 27 EU Member Countries may not have a Commissioner in the 2009 resuffle, MEPS in the Constitutional/Foreign affairs Committees applauded hoping that this might motivate their Irish friends..

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