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Haupt arrow newsitems arrow Czech Vote: New center-Right Citizens movements Win v. Kafka Castle Traditional Establishment's Left

Czech Vote: New center-Right Citizens movements Win v. Kafka Castle Traditional Establishment's Left

Geschrieben von ACM
Saturday, 21 October 2017
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*From Brussels to Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- Stonger and quite Different than usually Expected, interesting New potential Political Patterns appear to Emerge from Today's 2017 Parliamentary Elections in the Czech Republic, that one may Clearly see, as Brightly as through a Bohemian Crystal, an Overall Image ressembling to a kind of Brand New Popular Aspiration for a version of Historic British Publicist Writer, Herbert Spencer's famous Book :  "Man versus the State", to be adequately accomodated perhaps in a Franz Kafka's "the Castle" context, if one might Dream...


+ While Hard Realities also plead for an obvious Swift from the People in favour of what may be named a "New Right", against what some Criticise as an "Establishment"'s so-called "Left", roughly speaking, (See Infra)...


++ The Additional Fact that, by an Extraordinary but Symbolic Coincidence, all this takes place while the Czech Republic currently Holds a big Responsibility as rotating President (from May to November 2017) of the PanEuropean CoE's Organisation for Democracy, Human Rights, and Rule of Law, Headquartered in Strasbourg, naturally gives an even more Spicy flavour to the Dish that Czech People have just Chosen to serve to both their Politicians and all European/Global Observers :


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 - Notoriously, the most commented Surprize of these 2017 Election, was the Stronger than Expected Win of the Frontrunner "Dissatisfied Citizens"' Movement (ANO) of atypical "Czech Donald Trump", Andrei Babis : A self-made Millionaire in Agri + Media Business, who had run from the start mainly on an Anti-Corruption platform, Critical of the Traditional Political Establishment, until he Clashed with its formerly Strongest Representatives : the "Socialists", resulting, finally, in a Sharper than initially prognosed Downfall of the Socialdemocrat party, after it provoked a Row over a Controversial Tax issue, recently.


Babis' "ANO", that he has described as "a Right-Wing party with Social Empathy", Won now the First place, with about 30 % of the Votes, and 78 MPs, (i.e. an Augmentation of +11% More in Votes, and +31 More MEPs), OutNumbering even the 50 MEPs that used to have, Previously, the Socialists, who had Led the Country's Government for Years, until now, (See Infra).


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+ In Addition, 2017 Czech Election saw an Exceptional Multiplication of various "New" Parties : More than 19 (i.e. almost the 2/3 of All Parties) !...


>>> One of them even Succeeded to Climb Up to the 3rd Rank in the Country, Winning 22 MPs, with +11% of Votes :


- The "Freedom and Direct Democracy" (SPD) party, named after Nigel Farage's homonymous Group of MEPs in EU Parliament, but Linked also to Marine Le Pen's Rightists, and Founded by Tomio Okamura (a Czech-Japanese), former ChristianDemocrat/EPP of the Right, Opposed to "Islamization" and Oligarchs' Corruption, as well as supporter of Direct Voting.


+ Another New Party : "Independents and Mayors", (Liberal-Conservatives, who recently got 1 MEP in EU Parliament), Won 6 MPs at the National Czech Assembly, with 5,2% of Votes.

++ But it's a ReNovated "Pirate"' Party, which also Created a Surprize by being Propulsed to an Equivalent 3rd Rank ex-equo,  Winning, alike, 22 MPs with about 11% of the Votes, (Astonishingly, from only 1% or 2%  Before), for the First Time in its short History.


"E-Government" and Citizens' Participation in Public Decision-Making, as well as Government's Transparency and Accountability, Freedom of Information and Speech, often basic Social/Health-Care, etc., notoriously were among any real "Pirate" Party's typical Program points, already in the recent Past.


But its New, "propulsion Engine", seems to be mainly a former Anti-Corruption Whistle-Blower (who had reportedly Sacrificed his Job in order to Reveal the Truth about some Shady Politicians shamefuly Exploiting People's Money and Power), Libor Michalek : An Evangelical Christian and Economist who Recently succeeded the Exploit to Bring Together, what's Best in the "Pirates", with the "Greens", and even the "ChristianDemocrats/EPP", Unifying their support for Direct Democracy, fearless Criticism, and Moral Values, respectively, (as it has been done also for his own Election as Senator, in an Exceptional Agreement between those 3 Political Parties, earlier).


I.e. what seems to Personify, in Brief, the Main Substance of Czech People's Aspirations, all accross the entire Spectrum of Results in these October 2017 Elections (Comp. Supra and Infra)...


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Among the "Old" Parties, significantly, it's Only the Atypical social-Conservative CDS, "Civic Democratic" party, (Initially a Breakaway from the "Civic Forum"), of former President Vaclav Klaus (Right), which is Not Affected by the Fall of Pre-existing parties, and even Ameliorates its Latest score up to 11,3% (i.e. +3,6% More of Votes), Winning 25 MPs (i.e. +9 More).


But withOut Any relation to its Former 30 - 35% Vote scores, compared to which, it's now Only a Shadow of what it used to be, (while, nevertheless, it holds the Rank of 2nd Party in the country).


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All the Other Traditional Parties Fall Down sharply :  


The Worst Losses affect the Left, wih the "Socialists" (- 35 MPs Less, Reduced to 7% of Votes Only !), closely Followed by the "Communists" ( - 18 MPs Less, Reduced to 7,8% of Votes), up to the Centrists/Liberals of "TOP 09" ( - 19 MPs Less, Reduced to 5,8% of Votes).


Only the Center-Right of ChristianDemocrats/EPP Limits the Loss to Just -  4 MPs Less, with a Stagnation of Votes: -0,98%
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=> One among Various possible Combinations for a New Government Coalition in the 200 MPs Strong Parliament in Prague, most probably Led by the "Dissatisfied Citizens"' Movement (ANO) of former Minister Babis, (Comp. Supra), might Include, f.ex., the 100 MPs of the ANO (78) and of "Freedom and Direct Democracy" (22), Together, perhaps, with the 6 MPs of the "Independents and Mayors", and/or the "Pirate" party's 22 MPs, if the Czech People's most "ReNewal" overall Vote (Comp. Supra) would be given Priority.


AnOther, more "Stability"-oriented Variation, could Obviously be for the Top Winner Babis' "Dissatisfied Citizens" ANO's 78 MPs to be Simply associated with the 25 MPs of the "social-Conservatives" of the atypical "Civic Democratic Party", i.e. Totalling, all Together, an Absolute Majority of 103 MPs, possibly Strengthened Further also by the Addition of the ChristianDemocrats/EPP's 10 MPs, (i.e. = Majority of 113 MPs, in the 200-strong Parliament), and/or the "Independents and Mayors"' 6 MPs, (i.e. = Majority of 119 MPs).


However, in the Second case, such a Variation risks to leave at the Opposition :


- Not Only the heavily Defeated center-Left, of the Socialists, Communists, and Liberals (TOP 09), who Total Now only 37 MPs, (i.e. 15 + 15 + 7, respectively);


+ But Also a brand New, Potentialy politically Explosive Mixture of 44 MPs from "Freedom and Direct Democracy", and "Pirate" parties (with 22 + 22 MPs each), may be Sooner or Later joined even by Other like-minded Newcomers, (as, f.ex. the "Independents"), or ReNovated forces (not to exclude f.ex. those "ChrisianDemocrats/EPP" who recently Voted, Together with the "Greens", for a ..."Pirate" party candidate : Comp. Supra)...


And the non-negligeable Fact that, in Addition, various among those Exceptionally Numerous, 17 "New" Parties (currently Totalling More than 6,3%, including the "Greens"), which did Not Yet cross, one by one, the required 5% Threshhold in order to Enter Now in the Parliament, have adopted such Explicit Names as, f.ex., "Free Citizens", "Civic Rights", "Civic Alliance", "Citizen 2011", "H.A.V.E.L", etc., as well as "Nation-Patriotic Union", "Bloc against Islamization - Defense of Homeland", "Vote Right", "Nation Together", "National Front", etc., taken Together also with the Relevant Fact that about 40 % of Registered Voters had chosen now to Abstain, seems to Warn that the above-mentioned "Stability" variation might Fail, sooner or later.


Unless due Precaution is taken in order to Integrate in Mainstream Government Coalition politics, also, at least a Significant Part (if not all) of that Brand "New Political Mixture", clearly Resulting from all the above mentioned Facts of that Exceptional 2017 Czech Election, (Comp. Supra), in a Crystal-clear way, remindful of "Bohemian Glass", World-Famous "for its high Quality, Craftsmanship, beauty and often Innovative Designs", (according to Wikipedia)...


At any case, the New Czech Government's Foreign Minister, whoever may be finally chosen, is due to personally Chair the forhcoming PanEuropean CoE's Committee of Ministers' Summit, on November 15, in Strasbourg, on the occasion of the official handover of CoE's rotating Chairmanship to the successor of the Czech Republic : Denmark.

One of the 5 or 6 EU Countries with a Government currently based on a Unity of the Right.

 

coes_officials_attend_a_musical_event_organized_by_the_czech_presidency_of_the_paneuropean_body_in_strasburg_18.10..2017_eurofora_400

(CoE's Officials attend a Musical event organized by the Czech Presidency of the PanEuropean body in Strasbourg, 18.10.2017 - photo by Eurofora)

 

(../..)

 

 

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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