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Home arrow newsitems arrow Free Press NGO RSF (f. FIDH) v.Director Bernard to EF: Daphne Murder Enquiry Incident+Journalism Now

Free Press NGO RSF (f. FIDH) v.Director Bernard to EF: Daphne Murder Enquiry Incident+Journalism Now

Written by ACM
Sunday, 10 June 2018
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*Strasbourg/EU-Parliament/Angelo Marcopolo/- Replying to an "Eurofora"s Question, the New v. Director-General of the International Press Freedom Watchdog "Reporters withOut Borders" (RSF), Lecturer at the prestigious "Sciences Po" University in Paris, and Experienced former Long-Time CEO at the International Federation of Human Rights' Leagues (FIDH), Antoine Bernard, denounced the fact that "Legitimate Doubts" are Now Casted upon the Fate of a Controversial criminal Investigation, by the Maltese Authorities, on the Murder of Web-News Journalist Daphne Caruana-Galicia, according to Recent Developments, (See, among others, also : ..., + ..., + ..., etc).

 

Antoine Bernard denounced, in this regard, a Recent Incident, concerning a Key Judge involved in that Enquiry in Malta, which Dangerously touched upon a matter Denounced on 2018 by the CoE as the Main Risk of Corruption amidst Judges throughout its 47 Member States, (See Infra).


+ On this Key Occasion, he even Highlighted some very Interesting Building-Blocks for a New Definition of real Journalism, Nowadays, (more Near to ECHR, IACHR, and CoE's Experts and Committee of Ministers' Views), , as it is Inspired also by Daphne's real, recent and Dramatic Affair, (Comp., among others, f.ex. : ... + ..., etc).


---------------------------------------------


Bernard had been Invited to EU Parliament in Strasbourg in order to give a Lecture at an event on the occasion of which were Distributed lavish Books on EU's Annual Prize "Zacharov" for Freedom of Thought and Expression, awarded to Exceptional Personalities, around the World, who Dared Take Risks and/or Sacrifice their Freedom and/or Life in Struggling for People's Human Rights against various forms of severe Oppression.


----------------------------


 - In "Eurofora"s Question to Bernard,


after expressing the Hope that his extensive relevant Experience as former Long-Time CEO of the International Federation of Human Rights' Leagues (IFDH), just before becoming, Earlier this Year (2018), the New v. Director of Press Freedom Watchdog "Reporters without Borders" (RSF), would really Help to Boost much needed Effective Protection of all Journalists' Liberty and Safety,


we Reminded the Fact that, the Brutally Murdered Journalist Daphne, by a Bomb Explosion, just out of her Family Home, recently last Autumn, (to whom EU Parliament decided to Dedicate its Press Conference Room in Strasbourg, after a Proposal by its New President Antonio Tajani), had been notoriously Hindered (as her Sons Denounced to "Eurofora" also in Strasbourg : See ..., and a Reading of her Publications easily Proves), and systematically Censored, at her previous Media of the Establishment, where she used to hold a Weekly Column in the Past, (mainly by Threats to Refuse Government-sponsored and/or Other Public Sector's Paid  "Adds"), so that she was Obliged to set up Her Own WebNews "NoteBook" at the Internet, whese she was Alone to Publish Critical NewsReports on her own Name, thereby Dangerously Exposing her own Person and Family to all, various Risks, (Comp. f.ex., aussi : ..., etc).


+=> Therefore, we Asked Bernard, whether such Recent and Tragic Events, inspired him the Need, (particularly in Popular Modern Communication Technologies' Societies, in the Present Era of Internet, which had Started for Web-Journalists as Early as "Since the very Beginning of the World Wide Web, Already from the Middle of 1990ies^" : Comp., f.ex., "Drudge Report", "WND", and/or "Eurofora" co-Founder's "EIW" 1st cooperative European/International WebNews outlet experiment, Published from Strasbourg on Early 1996, in English, French and Spanish, etc), to eventually make Evolve and UpDate the very Definition of Real "Journalism",


>>> in order, at last, to clearly Drop a "Too Fiscal" Deformation, mainly "Depending on the ...Percentage of Money that someone might be Paid f.ex. by a Commercial Businessman who Bought a Newspaper, a TV Chanel, or a Local Radio, etc, for his own selfish Interests", (as unfortunately is still the case in a Few Countries, Contrary to Others, who have come Closer to much more Serious, Legitimate and Democratic Approaches of Journalism Nowadays), so that it may soon Come Near to the European Court of Human Rights' relevant case-law (Based on Article 10), as well as to the Inter-American Human Rights Court's two Historic, Landmark plenary Decisions dating so Early as, Already Since ...1985, and even to CoE's Democracy, Human Rights and Rule of Law PanEuropean Organisation's Top Experts and Committee of Ministers', much Better Definitions,


which, basically, Focus on whether the concerned Persons have really Dedicated themselves into Regularly Searching, Analysing and Publishing Original News on Serious Issues of General Interest to the Society, (according to elementary Press Deontology Principles : Comp., inter alia, also, f.ex. : ..., ..., etc).


-------------------------------

 

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 - "Journalist-Blogger Daphne Caruana-Galicia, (was) Murdered on October 16, 2017, in Malte", Bernand reminded, citting her Name in Full, in his Reply to "Eurofora"s Question.


- Her "The Mobilisation of her 3 Children, Andrew, Mathieu and Paul, who are naturally accompagnied (also) by RSF, is mainly seeking Justice".

- "We are Following with Extreme Attention, at the RSF, and Together with EU Parliament, the Developments in the Investigation, in view of eventual Prosecution, in Malta".


- As "it's the Duty of Maltese Authorities, We are Expecting that an Independent Investigation Results into Identifying the Suspects, those who Committed that Murder, including the Instigators, Whoever they might be, results, in a Judicial Procedure which is naturally fair, but Imposes Sanctions to the Authors of that Murder, and provides Just satisfaction to its Victims".


- "RSF followed, with Attention the Latest, Recent EU Parliament's Mission, which has just taken place only a Few Days Ago, and expressed a certain Number of "Concerns, regarding the Obstacles on the Way that this Investigation is going".


 + "RSF has, in particular, Underlined, just 3 Days ago, that we feel Extremely Concerned, as the Judge in charge of this Enquiry, and who had Declared his Determination to Advance all the way through, up to the End, - and who was, even more, the Only One to do so, since All Other Mechanisms of Enquiry, had been Interrupted, Freezed, and/or Suspended -this Judge who had won the Trust of all those who Expected for Justice to be done, (Suddenly), was Awarded the Benefit of a (Career) Promotion, withOut having Asked for it, and even withOut being able to Refuse it (sic !)".

 

By a Coincidence, that Strange Move surfaced Shortly after CoE's Anti-Corruption Watchdog, "GRECO"'s Latest Annual Report, Published Recently in Strasbourg, Denounced the Fact that such "Career" issues were, nowadays, the Number 1, Greatest Risk for Corruption of Judges  throughout its 47 Member States, (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/daphnepressfreedomandcorruption.html).


=> Nowadays, "in Consequence, there is a Legitimate Doubt, casted upon the Maltese Authorities, concerning the Fate Reserved for the Investigation on the Murder of Daphne Caruana - Galicia".


 - But, at any case,  - "We (RSF) will Never, Never Give up, Until the full Elucidation on all those Responsible for her Murder !", the International Press Freedom Watchdog's new v.Director Stongly Vowed, in Conclusion of his Reply to "Eurofora"s relevant Question.


-------------------------------------


 + Moreover, as far as "Eurofora" Question's 2nd aspect was concerned, on Nowadays' Definition of real Journalism, (Comp. Supra), Bernard afterwards Returned Back to Stress, in substance, that it should Better be near to the World Famous, French Writer/Philosopher "Albert Camus" well known Motto that as he had Characteristically written : - <<Journalism is to point the Pencil at where it Hurts !>>


 - "That's the Definition of real Journalism, that You were Asking for !", RSF's New v.Director Added, in his Responses to "Eurofora", Later-on, while also Reminding the relevant ECHR's "case-law, Since 1976 Already, about the Human Right to Publish even Critical News, which are not always "Favourably received or regarded as Inoffensive or as a matter of Indifference", But, on the Contrary, might "Offend, Shock or Disturb", while deserving to be protected for Pluralist Public Debate "in a Democratic Society", (Comp., among Many Others, also, f.ex. "Handyside v. the UK", etc).

+ Naturally, this has to go, "Together with" the Historic "Declaration of Munich", on Press Deontology, "of course, with an Adequate Up-Date", the Experienced, former Long Time CEO of FIDH and currently new v.Director of "Reporters without Borders", went on to Spontaneously tell "Eurofora" later on, (Comp. inter alia, also "Eurofora"s relevant Links, f.ex. at : http://www.eurofora.net/deontology.html, etc)

++ In this regard, Bernard also showed Interest for Aidan White's (the Experienced former Long-Time Secretary General of the European/International Federation of Journalists, HQ in Brussels, CoE's Top Expert, and now Head of the "Ethical Journalism Network"), Past and Current, relevant Work, particularly on guaranteing elementary Traditional Journalism's Legal Protection to WebNews Authors committed to respect Press Deontology. And he promised to have a look for Comment to a relevant, key "Eurofora"s Publication's Ideas, precisely on a landmark relevant Article Published by Aidan White in CoE's 2015 Book about "Journalism at Risk", together with an Original Interview of his Successor, the New Secretary General of the European Federation of Journalists, Ricardo Gutierrez, as well as an Original Analysis of Inter-American Human Rights Court's (IACHR) Historic 2 "Unanimous" Decisions on the Legal Definition of Journalism, taken as Early as, Already since 1985.

 

By an incredible Coincidence, they had been clearly Evoked by a CoE's Top Expert during an important International Conference on "Ending Impunity for Crimes against Journalism", just the Week Before an Armed Gang of Monstruous ISIL's Islamist Terrorists Cowadly Targetting innocent Civilian People with Machine Guns and/or Bombs, Killed more than a Hundred of Defenseless Victims at the "Bataclan" a.o. Attacks on the 13th of November 2015 : I.e. precisely on the Day of the 30th Anniversary of the above-mentioned, Historic IACHR's Unanimous Decisions ! (See : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/iachrcoebookandefjsgonjournalismdefinition.html, etc). It's also an UnForgetable Fact that, already from the outset, the 1st ever Target of ISIL's Coward Killers aiming at defenseless Civilian People in France, was, precisely, a kind or Critical Journalism, practiced by atypical "Charlie Hebdo" Weekly Authors, back on January 7, that Same Year (2015)...                

 

(../..)


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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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