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Haupt arrow newsitems arrow Macron: New Model with Big Decisions +Historic Investments at EU Presidency 2022: Believe in France!

Macron: New Model with Big Decisions +Historic Investments at EU Presidency 2022: Believe in France!

Geschrieben von ACM
Dienstag, 09 November 2021

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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- Embattled French President Emmanuel Macron, bravely seized the opportunity of another Crucial Juncture in the Hard Fight against the Deadly Pandemic Virus, where Europe is anew becoming the World's Epicenter at the End of 2021, as at the Beginning of 2020, in order to Highlight the Forthcoming EU Chairmanship by Paris from January 2022, notoriously expected right in the Middle of a Global Health Crisis, but also at the Conclusion of EU's landmark Conference on Europe's Future, (2021-2022).

    Apparently stimulated by the exceptional Challenge, he launched a vibrant Call to "- Believe in France !", Even if its People still has to Choose Leaders in Crucial Presidential and Parliamentary Elections, between April and June 2022, where, in Addition to an Extended Rightist Competition, with Frontrunner Marine Le Pen, aside Rocketing Outsider TV-Journalist Zemour, it's also Mainstream, Center-Right's Frontrunner Xavier Bertrand, former Long-Time Minister and Recently Re-Elected Lille Region President, (between Brussels and Paris), aside experienced EU Heavyweight Michel Barnier, Paris Region's Chief Valery Pecresse, etc., from Sarkozy's "Republican" Party, who might gather a Large Number of Voters, if they stay United, according to the Latest Polls.

    - Firmly Focused on his own Mission, Macron Vowed to reach asap a "New Model of Growth", made by "Big Decisions" and "Historic Investments", Both "in France and in Europe", where the Public Institutions have to play an Important Role, since "the Market Alone is Not Sufficient", requiring "a Strong Public Intervention", as he stressed from the outset.

    - "In a Context of Clash between USA, China, Russia, Continental SuperPowers, added to a DeStabilisation of Many Areas of the World, and what is at Stake", "it's Only a Voluntary European entente, with Solidarity, which Can Bring to Our European Countries a Backing and FirePower", the French President observed. "France will Not be Strong Alone", while "it's enough to Open the Eyes in order to realize how Our (EU) Interests Meet and Fit to eachother", he underlined.

    - In fact, "we Prepare ourselves to Face the Challenges of the Future", "because we are living a Profound Revolution" nowadays :

    - "This Virus has Blocked the entire World", and  "we realized our Dependance from Foreigners, Even for Basic Products, such as Masks, Paracetamol, and others", while "we found that Innovation could Change everything, sometimes with an UnPrecedented Speed, as on Vaccines", he reminded. +But, "at the Same Time, the Big Issues dating from Before this Crisis, didN't Disappear : Planet's protection, Demographic Challenge, Ageing, growing InEqualities", etc...

    => "That's why", f.ex., "in order to Invest in 10 sectors of the Future, as the DeCarbonisation of Industry, the Electric Car, the Airplane with Zero CO2", or "Culture, Health, Space, Maritime" areas, etc., as well as "to Educate and Train our Youth in Jobs of the Future", "Secure ...the Production of Essential Components and Technologies, as Semi-Conductors, Robotics, or Cyber", with "a Clear Aim : The Products and Technologies which will forge the Economy, Jobs, and Lives of 2030, should Not come Only from USA or Asia, But Also from France and (all) Europe", inter alia, "we Launched the Plan France 2030, with 30 Billions € over 5 Years", he Started to enumerate.

    - "Some thought that it was an Inacheivable dream", But "I Believe the Opposite : It depends from a Feasible Ambition, Lucid Voluntarism, if we continue, Nowadays, towards Reforms, Changes, and Investments", Macron stressed. - "Yes, ...we Have the Means to Strengthen our Position of Great Power in Education, Industry, Agriculture. To Innovate, Create, Produce, while keeping our Climate and BioDiversity targets, If we Invest, Lift the Brakes against Action, the UseLess Complications and Corporatisms".

    + As for "working to Build our Energy Independence", for the 1st Time since Decades, we are going to Launch the consruction of Nuclear Reactors", announced Macron, in a notorious Context of Energy Prices' "Boom", (See, f.ex., : ..., etc), and practicaly Adopting ...Xavier Bertrand's original Proposal, (made just Yesterday, in the 1st Debate between "Republican" Candidates : Comp. Supra), as if they might Converge, perhaps, somehow... Concerning the EU, meanwhile, France had Notoriously Agreed, in the Past, to Help Italy Develop Nuclear Energy, (during a Chirac - Berlusconi Summit at Elysée Palace : See "Eurofora"s NewsReport from the spot, then), But this was Blocked, Later-on, by an Opposed Political Swift in Rome and other EU Countries.

    - "It's in this Context ... that our Country will assume, in 2 Months, the duty to Chair the European Union" (1 - 6/2022), whose "Orientations are Not Far Away, Neither Fainting" :   On the Contrary, they are even the Backbone of Our Lives, and of the Years To Come !", he highlighted.

    - F.ex., inter alia, "withOut the EU we wouldN't have, so Fast, at our Disposal, a Vaccine", Macron claimed, (Apparently pointing at a Commercial Acquisition of Foreign Fake-"Vaccines", as Real Europeans obviously consider Scandalous the UnExpected Fact that Europe did Not Create, yet, Any Vaccine or Cure, Abandoning everthing to the USA, China, Russia, the Turks, etc, Contrary to Macron himself's Initial Dream for Europe to Invent a real "Antidote" against that Deadly Virus : See ..., etc)....

    + Indeed, "Our (EU) Partners are Not Strangers : In this Continent, that Fate gave us, they are Facing the Same Upheavals, the Same Tornados, as those that We meet. That's why, it's With Them that we Shall Strive, during the Next Months, to Better Face our Challenges", the French President Vowed, citting, in particular :

    - F.ex., inter alia, "to Better Protect our External Borders together".

    -  "To continue Building with Africa a relation of Peace, Stability and Growth, together".

    - "To better Regulate the Digital Giants, (as USA's "Google", etc), together".

    - "To build a credible Strategy of Reducing our CO2 Emmissions, in a way compatible with Industrial and Technologic Sovereignity, together".

(+Etc.)

    => "This New Model of Investment and Growth, to which I Believe for France and (all) the EU, I will Defend it, on your behalf, From next January (2022), by Taking over the EU Presidency (1-6/2022)", Macron promised.

 

(../..)

 

("Draft-News")

 

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
-------------------------
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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