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Home arrow newsitems arrow CoE: European Judges Associations denounce atrocious Mass Oppression of Judges in Turkey

CoE: European Judges Associations denounce atrocious Mass Oppression of Judges in Turkey

Written by ACM
Monday, 10 October 2016
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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- The most Important European Associations of Judges, gathered Together on the sidelines of CoE Parliamentary Assembly's (PACE) Autumn 2016 Plenary Session in Strasbourg, at the initiative of its Experienced former President, f. Minister and Head of the Liberal Group of MEPs, Anne Brasseur, from Luxembourg, slamed what they described as an unprecedented and atrocious Massive Oppression of Tens of Thousands of Judges, still Persisting in Turkey, on pretext of an alleged Coup Attempt of Less than 6 Hours, last July 2016, before a "Hot" Urgent public Debate on the general Situation in that Country, decided by PACE here for Thursday, (Comp. also : ...).

 

 

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 - Edith Zeller, President of the Association of European Administrative Judges, (i.e. those who are entrusted with the Task to rule on the most Sensitive Cases for Human Rights, Freedoms and Democracy, concerning Citizens' relations to Public Authorities), speaking later-on to "Eurofora", expressed Strong Doubts about Ankara's shaky Claim that "more than 2.500 or 3.000 Dismissed Judges would have been related to that Strange, short-lived "Coup" Attempt.


>>> Moreover, in her Official Speech at the above-mentioned PACE Side-Event (Comp. Supra), she Strongly Denounced, inter alia, also several "Rapes" of arrested "Women and Men", added to some "75 Suicide Attempts" among those Detainees, as well as the Fact that Ankara Government's "Prosecutors just have one and Same List of Questions for Everyone", WithOut making a real "Individual Examination" of Each Person's Case, in Violation of ECHR's Article 6 on the Human Right to a "Fair Trial".


- F.ex., when an accused, prosecuted and Detained Judge simply asks : - "Why Me ?", most of the Times he doesn't get any real Answer, except from a routinely Repeated, general and vague Formula, abused by Turkish pro-AKP Government Prosecutors for all of those detainees, she characteristicaly Explained, later-on, to "Eurofora".


Meanwhile, except from a Human Rights Watch query, made by that World-Famous NGO itself, it's Only CoE's "Committee to Prevent Torture" (CPT) which Visited some involved Turkish Prisons, recently, but its fortthcoming Report won't be made Public, as long as the Ankara Government opposes its Publication, according to the CPT Statute's Rules. As for a planned Fact-finding "Visit by UNO's Rapporteur on Torture", from Nearby Geneva, it "was Postponed by Turkey to November", more than a Month Later, she Regretted. -"All these things (among a Longer list) make us Believe that there is Something to be Investigated", Zeller concluded.


+ Another Legal Expert from the Dutch-speaking "Judges for Judges" NGO, Denounced, in Addition, the Fact that Turkish Prosecutors even "Take the Salaries" of the Victims, who, therefore, "canNot Afford" to pay Lawyers for a real Defense, and cited a series of cases resulting in "Absurd" situations, where, f.ex., "from the 7 Defense Lawyers, 4 Laid Down their Defense" mandates recently.


In Addition, those Detainees are Allowed "Only 25 Minutes per Week" (sic !) for Communication with their Lawyers, etc., while any "Visits Last only 5 Minutes per Month", he denounced.


Most Important : Various such Massive Persecutions of alleged dissident Judges had Already Started as Early as "since 2015", so that they obviously canNot be really Attibuted to that Strange, 6 Hours-long, alleged "Coup" Attempt, the Dutch Expert representing the "Rechters voor Rechters", specialized Human Rights NGO, criticaly concluded.


++ => In Consequence, after having Attested such and other, Massive Gross Violations of many Thousands of Dismissed Judges' basic Human Rights, several competent European Organisations have recently decided to "Examine a Suspension request against the current Turkish "Higher Council of Judges", while Others "already have Stoped any Relations"  with them, Revealed the President of the European Association of Judges, (which Includes All Judges, i.e. also those who deal with Cases Between Citizens, etc), Christophe Regnard.


- Reacting, the Ambassador of Turkey, accused all those Experts at the CoE to make "UnSubstantiated" Denonciations, Claiming that they were "Not Documented".


- Replying, President Anne Brasseur, while acknowledging a possible need for the Turkish Authorities to Check if some Judges might have, eventualy, miss-behaved for Political reasons in some cases, (as they routinely Claim), but Strongly Rejected as Unacceptable, the abuse, by that Turkish Ambassador, of the Wording "Clean up" (sic !), in order to designate the current Massive Prosecutions of Dissident Judges, and stressed that PACE, as a matter of General Principle, does Not Admit for "Human Rights to be Trampled underfoot".


+++ During a subsequent, "Free" Debate at CoE's Assembly, later this Afternoon, it's also the President of PACE's "EuroLeft" Group, Dutch Senator Tiny Cox, who slamed Ankara's "Coup" Pretext as "a False Excuse" to massively violate elementary Human Rights, both in these and many other cases, Warning that if there might, eventualy, have existed a Danger for Human Rights "from that (alleged) Coup Attempt" of mid-July 2016, in fact, anOther such "Danger" is "also the Turkish Government itself"...


Meanwhlle, a Hearing of CoE's Human Rights' Commissioner, Nils Muijnieks, by the PanEuropean Organisation's Parliamentary Assembly''s Committee on Legal affairs and Human Rights, which was Focused on his Recently Published, critical Report about the current situation of the Freedom of Media in Turkey, (See, f.ex. : .....), was Held Behind Closed Doors ("in Camera"), later-on, this Afternoon.



(../..)

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
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French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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