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Home arrow newsitems arrow Turkey Bullies EastMed Pipeline near Cyprus as EUParliament+Summit debate "explosive" Energy Prices

Turkey Bullies EastMed Pipeline near Cyprus as EUParliament+Summit debate "explosive" Energy Prices

Written by ACM
Wednesday, 06 October 2021

 eu_parliament_debateon_energy_crisis_ebs__eurofora_400


*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/-
Turkey repeatedly Bullied with Warships, and Threatened even with More Negative Measures in the Comming Days, a European peaceful Ship preparing for an EU Natural Gas Pipeline from South-Eastern Mediterranean's big Resources around EU-Member State Cyprus, Israel, Egypt, Lebanon, etc, which had agreed to Cooperate, while EU Parliament in Strasbourg just Debated the "Hot" Issue of Energy Prices' Boom, with More than +170% for Gas, Indispensable also for smooth Transition to "Green", ReNewable Energy sources in the foreseable Future : Strategic Issues that are going to be Examined also by a the forthcoming EU Heads of State/Government Summit in Brussels, on March 21-22.

map_of_nautical_geo_ship_turkeycyprus_eez_sigma__eurofora_400 

 east_med_pipeline_part__ans_eurofora_400

    - "This is, Currently, the Most <<Explosive>> Issue !", stressed to "Eurofora" this Week, the experienced Head of Press/Communication in the Biggest Group of MEPs, that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP, Pedro Lopez-de Pablo, from Spain, who has Also Worked with the PanEuropean CoE.

    Europe, Contrary to USA, has the Chance to be Surrounded by Energy-Rich Neighbours, from Russia to Africa or Asia, etc., But has Not Yet real Natural Energy Resources of its own, (particularly after the End of North Sea Deposits), while Supply Links are Hampered by Economic or Political Issues, and its "Green" ReNewable Energy Shift Aims are Still Far Away in the foreseable Future.

    But, Europeans have, nevertheless, Recently Discovered Fast Growing UnderSea Energy Resources at the South-Eastern Mediterranean, near the EU Member-States of Greece and particularly Cyprus, as well as Friendly Neighbouring Countries of Israel and Egypt, Lebanon, a.o., which have Agreed to Cooperate with the EU, including via an "East-Med" Gas Pipeline, planned in order to Transport Ecological, CO2-Free, Natural Gas Directly towards Europe, mainly via Modern Technologies of Gas Liquefication, (i.e. Both through that UnderSea Pipeline and/or via Containers inside Ships).

    The main Geological Stucture of South-Eastern Mediterranean Sea's Energy Resources appears to be Similar to that of the Gulf of Mexico, (also Historicaly Generated by a Huge River delta's Deposits from a whole Continent's Forests, Accumulated inside an area Surrounded by Land, and Traped amidst Inter-Continenal Tectonic Plates' Rifts : Nile River from Africa, via Egypt, Gaza, rest of Israel, Lebanon, towards Cyprus' southern Coasts, as Mississipi River from North America accross the Gulf of Mexico's Coasts, facing Cuba and other Islands). This is what an Experienced French Scientist had explained to "Eurofora"s co-Founder as Early as since a 2000 PanEuropean Conference on Geology organized by Strasbourg University's "Globe Institute", (See also Infra), and could be also the picture resulting from a relevant PhD Thesis at New York before the End of the 1990ies, according to various Converging indications.

    => The Interesting Point is that the Discovery and much more Rapid Exploitation of those Gulf of Mexico's Oil/Gas Energy Resources proved that USA could Become, Faster than Expected, from a Traditional Import Country, heavily Depending on Arab and/or Other Foreign Countries accross the World in the Past, Nowadays a potentialy ...Exporting Country, from now on Able to Sell Energy to Others ! A Fact which Obviously shows that Europe may, very Probably, have a Similar Chance to Find at the SEM a much Needed Solution in order to Alleviate all its Problems of traditional Energy Dependency, Becoming almost Autonomous.

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    However, at EU Parliament's relevant Plenary Discussion on "European solutions to the rise of Energy Prices for businesses and consumers : The role of energy Efficiency and Renewable energy, and the need to tackle energy Poverty", according to the Long, Official Name reserved for The Most Prestigious Day-Time of the Week : on Wednesday Morning,

    - the competent EU Commissioner for Energy, Kadri Simson, from Estonia, appeared Sharp, But Not Really Concluding yet,Followed by a Careful and Diplomatic intervention by the current Slovenian EU Council's Presidency, via its Foreign Minister Logar, (i.e. at a quite High Political Level).

    - While MEPs, Astonishingly, were Not Even Ready to Agree on a Joint Resolution, United Only on the Need to Strongly Denounce that Sudden and Harsh Energy Prices' "Boom", But so Divided on the Diagnosis of the main Cause, that almost Everyone went along by Accusing What he/she Believed to be the main Cause, according to Political Trends...

    => In Consequence, there was an Inevitably Diverging Polyphony, Even if at least some appeared to Agree on some kind of probable "Manipulation", Urged for Joint Policies on Stocks, Procurement, and EU's "Autonomy" from some tricky and Unreliable Foreign Actors, as wel as for Social Aide, But seemed to still Disagree on almost Everything else !

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    - "Gas prices reached Record-breaking highs, in October" 2021. "Electricity wholesale prices surged by more than 200%, in the first 9 Months of this year, driving up Retail prices", Commissioner Simson denounced from the outset.

    - But the Causes appeared to be a rather Confusing "Combination of Factors" : - "The world Economy has started to Rebound, After the Pandemic" (sic !), she said Optimisticaly, "and is Hungry for energy", from one side, While, nevertheless, "Europe’s Gas Supply has Tightened", from the Other side, (allegedly Because of a "Cold Winter and Spring", "Delays" in "Gas Pipelines Maintenance" on "Summer", due to "the Pandemic" [re-sic !!], "Lower Investment", and "Decrease of Europe's Gas Production", for UnKnown Reasons)... "Russia's Long-Term Contracts were Respected", she ensured, But "No Extra Capacity was Booked", withOut telling Who was Responsible for that... Even ... "Less Wind" (sic !) and "Less Waves (HydroPower)" were evoked for Less "Renewable Energy". So that "Carbon Price was ...Increased", "due to ...Greater use of Carbon-intensive Fuels", "But this Explains Only a Limited Part of the Electricity price Increase", she Acknowledged, leaving the Mystery of Causes in Limbo...

    => In Consequence, "this is a Temporary situation", the EU Commissioner found, (citting Vague "Market Expectations"), which "should Gradually Decrease from Spring, Next Year" (2022), she Speculated, (Based on "the Current Demand for Gas", while "Gas Storage is aove 75%", i.e. "Adequate to Cover the Winter", which is, However, "a Key Variable, to Watch closely", for UnDisclosed Reasons)...

    >>> However, "this Price Shock ...is Hurting our Citizens, ...the most Vulnerable", "Weakens Compeitiveness" and "Adds Inflation", so that "it Risks to Compromise Europe's Recovery", she Warned, finding Necessary "to Take (EU) Policy Measures".

    - This "Price Hike has Little to do with our (EU's) Climate Policies", (Even if it "happens while a Profound Transformation of the Energy System is underway"). Because "the Green Deal provides The Only lasting Solution", with "More ReNewables, and ...Efficiency", as "Wind and Solar ...generate the Cheapest Electricity" and "are Not Exposed to Price Volatility", she Claimed. Thus, "the Best Response ...is to Progress Faster towards our (EU's) Target Goal of 65% of ReNewable Electricity by 2030", she insisted. As Proof, she mentioned f.ex. the Fact that "Last Year" (2020), Member States with the Highest share of ReNewables ...had the Lowest wholesale Electricity Prices, with Several cases of Negative Price", she pointed out, (However, withOut Telling what happens for them on 2021)... Nevertheless, "Some are Pointing at the European Electricity Market ... (whose "Design is Tailor-Made to Deliver more ReNewables"), "as a part of the Problem",  and given "the Challenges, ...we (EU) are ready to Launch a Study" on that point, she conceded to Critics. 

    => What is Sure, is, at least, that EU must "Support Consumers", give "Payments to those Most at Risk of Energy Poverty", "Mitigate Social Impacts", "Protect Vulnerable Households", "ensure that Energy Poverty is Not Aggravated", and "Give Relief" to "SMEs" : Something that Can be Now done Thanks to "Higher than Expected ETS Revenues" made by the EU, (i.e. CO2 Taxes, etc), she suggested.

    >>> At any case, nevertheless, this "Price Hike has ... much to do with our (EU's) Dependence on Imported fossil Fuels" from Abroad, as "Demand and Prices are High Everywhere in the World" Nowadays, so that the EU must anew "Respond ... through Diversification of Supply Sources", "Market Surveillance, and prevention of UnCompetitive Practices", as well as "Review" of "Storage and Security of Supply", "Joint Purchase of ...Gas Reserves", "Invest in Flexibility and Storage", (etc), since "we (EU) Need ...Liquid Gas Markets in the Transition" (Comp. Supra + Infra), so that "We (EU) Need Also "GeoPolitics of Energy" and "a more Strategic approach to External Energy Policy", he urged, (Aproaching "Eurofora"'s main View)...

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    + Such a Crucial Main Point was Also made by 3021 EU Council's President-in-office, the Young but Experienced Foreign Minister of Slovenia, Anze Logar, (former Press Spokesman of the Previous, 2008, Slovenian EU Presidency : See Statements he made then in Reply to "Eurofora"s Questions, Published at "TCWeekly" - Attached Herewith) :


    - Indeed, we must "Reduce EU Import Dependency on Gas", thereby "Reducing our Exposure to Price Fluctuations", Logar clearly stressed, promising a "Vigilant and Active" EU "Council", on "this Important Subject, following the Sharp ReBound in Recent Months".


    + In fact, "this is a MultiFaceted Phenomenon", Part of which "was Expected, in the light of Economic Recovery and Relaxation of Travel Restrictions", during the Current Phase of EU's Policy on the Virus' Pandemic, while "Higher EU Emmission-Tradin system prices (Comp. Supra),D had an Only Secondary Impact", he observed, Pointing at the "Need to Discuss How the EU can Help to Mitigate the Impact of Soaring Energy Prices", while "the (Slovenian EU) Presidency Encourages exchange of Best Pratices on How to Mitigate the NegativeConsequences of Increasing Energy Prices at the National Level, But Also a Reflexion on the Potential Collective Action at the EU Level", as he Invited.


    => For that purpose, Logar reminded the Fact that EU's "Informal Meeting of Enery and Transport Ministers, in September" 2021, as well as the Competitiveness Council of 28 September", due to be added to "the Environmen (EU) Council ...in its Meeting Today", 'Looking (also) Forward to the Communication on rising Energy Prices, that the (EU) Commission has promised to Unveil on 13 October", with "Available Options Both at National and at EU Level". As for the ForthComming "October (2021) European Council" in Brussels, which "Will Give Heads of State and Government, the opportunity to Address this Complex Issue in Depth" (on October 21-22), that "We Welcome", .as he added Carefuly, But Positively".


    => However for the Rest, he Agreed that "Negotiation for the <<Fit for 55>> Package Will help Define the Best and most Cost-Effective Tools" in view of "Our (EU's) common Goal of Climate Neutrality", "and", ipso facto, "a Long Term Solution for the Sustainable Energy Mix", since it is "in the Long Term" that "the DeCarbonisation of the European Economy can Contribute to Mitigating the Fluctuation in Energy Prices, and to Fight against Proverty", as he stressed. In this regard, "the Newly Proposed Social Climate Fund aims to ...provide Temporary direct Income Support to Vulnerable Households", that Logar Welcomed.
-----------------------

 

=> During the EU Parliament's Plenary Public Debate between MEPs which Followed in Strasbourg :

 - Currently, "some 93% of fossil Gas used in the European Union is Imported", observed "Green" MEP Ville Niinisto.

 - But, "from January to September 2021, the Price of Gas Augmented for More than 400%", Denounced MEP Georg Mayer, from the ID Group.

    - Analyticaly, "an Augmantation of More than 57% for the Gas Price in France, More than 37% of Electricity's Price in Spain, and More than 40% in Italy, there is Not a European Country which Escapes from it", Criticized MEP Manon Aubry, speaking in the name of the "Left" Group.

    - Just in "the Netherlands, the home country of Commissioner Timmermans, who is the Author of the "Fit for 55" Project, ...intended to remedy the Future situation on the Energy Market in Europe", "in recent days, since the beginning of the year (2021), the Price of six metres of Gas has risen ... by +200%. Price of Electricity at +152%. On Tuesday, the price of Gas exceeded 1.160 $ per six feet and was +8% Higher than a Week ago, which means it is X 7 Times higher than in the previous Year ! Windfarms produce Less energy, Gas Production has been Reduced, and Warehouses are on average 58%" Only, Denounced Polish MEP Beata Szydło, speaking in the Name of Conservatives (ECR).

    => "Therefore, if we want to Protect Europeans from a very Serious energy Crisis, on both Social and energy Security issues, we really Need to rethink the European Union's energy Policy", she concluded.

    - Nowadays, "a Risk of Electricity Cut may be Provoked, Even in Countries like France, equiped with a resilient Self-Sufficiency thanks to an Efficient Nuclear Power", Warned French MEP Joëlle Mélin, Speaking in the Name of the "Identity" Group "ID".

    - Denouncing "an UnPrecedented Speculation on Gas' Prices (More than +170% in 1 Year"), and that "Carbon" practicaly "became a Crypto-Currency", after "it passed from 10 to 60 € a Tonne, in a Year", (etc), we "Must raise the Question of a Big Theft Mystification, entirely DisConnected from Realities, (as Hot Summers and Cold Winters"), she Found.

    + Adding all that to "those 750 Billions € for the "Green Pact", partly Paid by European TaxPayers, which ...Favor ReNewable Energies, whose (current) Limits are Already Known", (Comp. Supra), she Concluded by Asking to "Let Member States to Manage Better their Energy Mix", as she said, i.e. Accusing the EU.

    - But, on the Contrary, for Philippe Lamberts, Belgian MEP and co-President of the "Green" Group, all this would be just Due to "a current Boom in Fossil Energies' Prices", showing that we Should "Accelerate our (EU's) Transition towards ReNewabe Energies, which became The Most Competitive in the Market, and Energy Sobriety", as he Claimed, (obviously Exagerating only 1 Part of the competent EU Commissioner's Previous Sayings, But Ommitting the Rest : Comp. Supra). "Our (EU's) Addiction to Fossil (Energies) was Already UnFiesible on Climat level and GeoPolitical plan", But "has Also become an Economic Handicap", he Criticized. As for French President "Emmanuel Macron", and Liberal "Renew" Group's Speaker, MEP "M. Grudler", "it's Not More Nuclear Power that would Solve the problem", given "its Cost, which became Excessive, and the entirely UnPredictable Time-frames", he found.

    +"In Short Term, this Prices' Boom, and in a Middle term, the Cost of Investments for Energy Transition" towards "Green" RES, "Raise, However, a Central Question of Solidarity", Lamberts added, Pointing, f.ex, at the Fact that "in Belgium, the Energy Bill Augmentation would Reach, at least, 100 € per Month for a Household with 2 Kids", to which "should be Added" also "the Indirect Impact on Other Goods' and Services' prices, such as Food and Transports", that "could Soon Make Life Impossible for a Family with Modest Revenues", as he Warned.

    >>> However, it's mainly Liberal "Renew" French MEP Christophe Crudler, Speaking on behalf of that Group, who, (stressing as "UnAcceptable that the Energy Prices' Explosion, and particularly of Gas, Affects so Harshly our Citizens, and Weakens our Industries"), Pointed  explicitly at the Key Issue of EU's "Energy Strategic Autonomy" :

    - We "Must Promote an Energy "Made in Europe", by Reducing, at the Maximum possible, Our Dependance to Fossil Energies Comming from Other Countries", he stressed. That includes to "Devbelop here, Rapidly, our (EU's) ReNewable and Low Carbon Energies, as Nuclear" power, "which are, Nowadays, the Less Expensive". +"Also Hydrogen must be Produced in Europe, and Not (only) in Other Continents".

    - But "it's Only on the Condition that we (EU) Strengthen our Gas Stocks", "that we could pass the Winter withOut Electricity Cuts", he Also Warned. Because "the Current Stocks are InSufficient, since many Countries have Already Taken their Meager Stocks, since Many Weeks, in order to Compensate the Prices' Augmentation", so that "a European Initioative" should be "Possible, Bringing Together Suppliers, Transporters, and Regulators". +"It's Also Possible to Launch a Collective Procurement of Gas", he added.

    + "Last, but not least, we (EU) Must Reform Quickly the European Energy Market, ("in the sense of the "Green Pact"), in order to put an End to the Indexation of Electricity Price on the Natural Gas' prices" : F.ex., "if My Electricity" as "in Sweden", etc) came From DeCarbonized Sources, that I Already Paid elsewhere, Why should I ¨Pay 2 Times ?", he Wondered.

------------------------

    - Denouncing "Abuses of a DesEquilibriuim between Offer and Demand in the Energy Market", Spanish MEP Iratxe García Pérez, speaking in the Name of the "Socialist" Group, regretted that "the (National) Governments are at the Mercy of Speculation", found "UnAcceptable that the Most Vulnerable" are Affected by "Abuses" from "Big Energy Companies with Millions of Profits", calling Also for EU's "Autonomy to Liberate us from ...Political Blackmails by Neighbouring Countries",  and Topicaly Reminded the Historic Fact that "the First European Communities were Born in order to Manage, Jointly, Carbon and Steel, as Fundamental Raw Materials, for the Post-War Economic Relaunch".

    => In consequene, "the European Commission must present a Plan ... for the Energy Market, as a first step towards "Greening" the EU, ... and establish a Platform for the Distribution of Resources according to Needs", "Acceleate the DeCarbonisation", "Invest in Energy Efficiency Technologies", and "make the Fossil Combustion Model Caduc", as she asked, (since she Considered it as "UnSustainable and Responsible for the Current Crisis of Prices"). In order to "put the Brakes against Speculation in the Carbon Market ... at the Cost of the most Vulnerables", "the EU" should "Guarantee a Transition to a Sustainable Model", particularly "with the European Strategy for Climate", she proposed, including "by Revising the Electricity Markets .. in order to Facilitate ...the Energy Mix with ReNewables". +To this, should be Added "efforts to Eradicate Energy Poverty", particularly vis a vis "vulnerable Families", where "EU Citizens Hope for a European Reply" to the Crisis.

-----------------------

    >>> The "First" thing to do is "to Indentify if there was any market Manipulation in Europe, in recent weeks and months, by State or Non-state (i.e. Private MultiNational Companies) actors", who might "Influence European Energy Prices", sressed from the outset, (Brandissing "Sanctions" in that case), Siegfried Muresan, from Romania, Speaking on behalf of the Biggest Group of MEPs, that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP.

    + But, "we (EU) have (also) to Understand what is the Cause of the Increased ETS (European Trading System, against CO2) Price, wich Doubled in September, Compared to the Beginning of the Year" 2021, wih excessive "Volatility", he observed. "We (EU) have to ReAct", he urged.

    => As for "Concrete" and "Direct Action at European level", Muresan supported "Common Storage Facilities, and Joint Procuremen schemes for Gas", "Quickly", while any "Support (of) people or enterprises in One Country .... should Not be done at the Expense of Consumers in any Other Country". as well as, "of course", to "Reduce our (EU's) Energy Dependance" from Foreign Countries, he urged.

    ++ As for "Financial Measures", the "Transition to "Green" Economy" should also "ensure that we Help those Affected, People and Enterprises, particularly ... in a Vulnerable situation", he Added, calling, f.ex., to "Increase the Social Climate Fund", because it's "Not Sufficient". "Last", but not least, EU "Commission is Late on (EU's) Own Resoiurces' proposal", which should Include also "a Buffer with which we (EU) should Help Vulnerable Consumers and Enterprises", he concluded.

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turkiosh_seismic_ship_reis_geghis_khan_warship_vima__eurofora_400 

    * But, by a Striking Coijcidence, During this Time, Both Before and After EU Parliament's Public Debate on the present, Exceptionaly Big Energy Crisis, at Europe's Sea Borders, EU Member States Greece and particularly Cyprus, were Facing Dangerous Turkish WarShips and Other Military Provocations and Aggressions, against a Joint Peaceful Effort, Together with Italy, Malta and Other EU Countries, to simply Explore their own EEZ for the preparation of the Strategic, EU-Supported, UnderSeas Gas Pipeline "EastMed", notoriously due to Transport South Eastern Mediterranean's abudant Energy Resources, including from Friendly and Cooperating Neighbouring Countries as Israel, Egypt, etc., Directly to Mainland Europe, (Comp. Supra and Infra), in a way which, Obviously, may cosiderably Alleviate or even Prevent such Big Crises in Energy Prices from UnControled and UnPredictable, far away Hostile or UnFriendly Foreign Actors, (as well as, in Parallel, Ease "Green" Energy Transition, since Natural Gas has No "CO2")...

----------------------

eastmed_pipeline_ship_nauitical_geo_livik__eurofora_400

    - Indeed, Starting, at First, with Turkish Military Bullying, at Greece's Creta Island's Eastern EEZ, against Malta-Flagged, but Italy Owned, Peaceful Exploratory Ship "Nautical Geo", Ankara already Risked to Provoke a Wider Armed Clash, since Greece, Together with Cyprus, France and Italy, were conducting, Nearby, a Joint Military Security Exercise of those 4 EU Member States, (for which, they had naturally Warned in advance)...

    + Such Aggressive Turkish Moves were, Afterwards, Repeated, even More Harshly, anew against "Nautical Geo" Ship, now operating on behalf of EU Member Cyprus, inside the South-Eastern Part of the Island's EEZ, (Recognized by All Neighbouring Countries, with the Only Exception of Ankara) :        

4_eu_states_armies_near_turkish_warships_at_cyprus_eez_vima__eurofora_400 

    => Indeed, 3 Turkish WarShips (2 Frigates and 1 Corvet), reportedly "Pushed Away" (sic !) the "Nautical Geo" Exploratory Ship working for Cyprus, Malta and Italy, (which had just Arrived from an Initial position Near Israel's adjacent Gas Findings), apparently Obliging it to Interrupt its Mission, and Seek Refuge in Cyprus' Larnaka SeaPort...   

eastmed_turkey_hits_key_oilgas_area_anti__euroora_400

east_med_pipeline_ship_bullied_anti__eurofora_400 

Turkey, on this occasion, Shamelessly asked not only Money, from Cyprus' Energy Resources, but Even to encroach on their "Management", on Pretext of the Turkish Cypriot Minority (about 18% Before Ankara's Military Invasion and Occupation of the Northern Territories of Cyprus, After which they were progressively Replaced by Settlers Imported from Anatolia, as CoE's Reports Denounce). In real practice, this means that Ankara seeks to Impose upon EU Member Cyprus to export its Gas Only Through mainland Turkey, and Not Directly towards the European Continent.

    ++ Almost at the Same Time, Ankara's Terrestrial Army was illegaly conducting also Other Provocative and Dangerous Moves, inside the Invaded and Occupied Territories of Cyprus, with a lot of Military Troops, Tanks, Canons, etc.

    +++ In Addition, Ankara even officialy Announced that it is Sending its "Oruc Reis" big Seismic Ship for provocative illegal "Search" of Oil/Gas inside EU Member Cyprus' EEZ, (already Condemned by the EU and USA), during a quite Long Period of Time, accompagnied by 3 WarShips, including ..."Genghis Khan" (sic !)

    ++++ Turkey has, Meanwhile, illegaly Issued a "Naftex" Claiming to Reserve a Great Part of Cyprus' EEZ related to "EastMed" Gas Pipeline, EU-Supported project, for Ankara's Seismic Ship "Orus Reis" and its 3 WarShips, " During almost ...3 Months, (October, November, December 2021), until December 16, included !

    => Thus, Such and/or Other various Kinds of Time Delays, have practialy Provoked an Almost ...20 Years overall Delay in Europe's elementary Right, and Nowadays Urgent Need, to, at last, Start really Exploiting the important Natural Gas Resources around EU Member Cyprus, Added also to Similar Energy Findings, Meawhile Notoriously Discovered by Friendly Neighbouring Countries Israel, Egypt, etc., With which, Cyprus and Greece have Agreed to Cooperate at South-Eastern Mediterranean, particularly in view of Jointly Transporting them Directly to mainland Europe, (including, First of all, by the EU-Supported "East-Med" UnderSea Pipeline, etc., i.e. Also, probably, by Ships' Containers of Liquefied Gas, via Modern Technologies, Eventualy by Transforming Gas in Electricity to be transmited by an UnderSea Cable, according to an initialy Israeli Idea, etc).

    >>> However, Can Europe still Wait ...perhaps for AnOther 10 or 29 Years More, until it Starts, at last, to directly Benefit from its own (and of its Friends') Natural Gas Resources ?

    Or Will the Current Hard and Exceptional Circumstances convince the EU to Decide, at last, to Send a realy Strong Force at that Strategic Area of South-Eastern Mediterranean, (in Agreement with the Concerned Friendly and Wiling Countries), in order to Protect mainly the Sovereign Right to Benefit from Its Own Energy Resources ?

    + How is it possible for Many EU Member States to have Already Send a lot of Terrestrial Army, as well as Military Ships, led by France (on Land) and Germany (on the Sea), as Early as Since 2006, even Further Away : f.ex. Between Israel and Lebanon, in order to Protect Foreigners from Rockets' Throwing accross the Borders,

     ...while, nn the Contrary, EU Countries would Still do Nothing of that short, Nowadays, in order to Protect their Own European People, from the Harsh Consequences of an UnPrecedented Energy Crisis (Comp. Supra) ?

    Because, Except from the South-Eastern Mediterranean Energy Resources, the Situation is Not really Better until now, concerning various Other Neighbouring Energy Resourcss Around the EU :

    - Indeed, f.ex., USA Governments have Systematicaly pressed to Block easy and direct EU Energy Supply Routes from Nearby Russia, through European Countries, f.ex. via Belarus, Ukraine, Northern Sea, even directly Bulgaria from the Black Sea, etc...

    + While Recent "ISIS" a.o. Islamist Terrorists, (notoriusly Fuelled from Outside, as in Syria's and Iraq's cases in the Past), have practicaly Blocked a Planned Trans-Saharian Pipeline from Africa's Biggest Oil/Gas Resources towards Europe, mainly around Conflict-ridden Sahel area.

    On the Contrary, USA seems to have No Objection for Europe to Depend from a ...Turkey transit, too Long, Slow, Expensive, and Dangerous, (because Exposed to Earthquakes, Kurdish or other Conflicts, and Blackmails by the Turkish Government for Economic and/or Political Pretexts, as usual)...

    => But Concerning EU Member State Cyprus, and related Findings, at Neighbouring and Collaborating Countries at South-Eastern Mediterranean area , (Egypt + Israel, Lebanon, etc), the Issue has Surfaced Already as Early as Since 2.000, (i.e. More than 20 Years ago !)...

"Eurofora"'s co-Founder had, then, Timely and Succesfully Denounced (at "TCWeekly") a failed Attempt to Claim that Any Eventual such OIl/Gas future Findings at that SEM Area (Even at the Part of the Mediterranean located South of Cyprus' Island), would be due to ..."Detritus" from Turkey (sic !), via a rocambolesque Pseudo-"Scientiic" Paper tabled by a UK "Expert" and due to be Published and Discussed at a Mega-EuroConference on Geology, organized by Strasbourg University's "Globe Institute", (whose President had given us a Press Interview Before that Event Starts).

Immediately afterwads, the then Long-Time President of Cyprus, Glafkos Clerides, had Spoken by Phone with us, and Flew to meet Egypt's then President Mubarak, Kick-Starting a Period of concerned Neighbouing Countries, at South-Eastern Mediterranean, (i.e. Greece, Cyprus, Egypt, Israel, Lebanon, etc), Willing to Cooperate between them particularly in view of Energy Findings and Direct Transport to Europe's mainland.

In Addition to Ships' Transport with Containers, using Modern Technologies for Liquefied Gas, (f.ex. towards Frances' new SeaPort Big Installations at "Foss 2"/Marseilles, Greece's Northern Energy"Hub", Croatia's Adriatic Sea's De-Liquefication Facilities, Spain's, etc), the Main Way to Reach that European Mainland is Notoriouisly Planned to be, precisely, that Strategic "East-Med" UnderSeas Gas Pipeline, Supported by the EU, accross the South Eastern Mediterranean Sea, towards Cyprus' EEZ, Greece and Italy, etc., Joining there Terrestrial European Energy Networks.

---------------------------------------------------

    + As for "ReNewable" Energies, the UnPredictable character of Wind Energy, (Comp. Supra), the Notorious InSufficiency, yet, of the Current Solar Energy Technologies, the Too Slow Development of Hydrogen, and the EarthQuake Risks from GeoThermy, (etc), are Still among the well-Known Obstacles Delaying a fully-fledged "Green" Economy, at least for the Time being.

    => Thus, a still Open Question is Why practicaly Nobody seems Yet realy Interested, Nor Seriously Involved, into, at least, Searching to Invent some Breakthrough New Technology inspired from ...PhotoSynthesis ?

    - Indeed, it's a Paradox, why concerning the Most Widely Spread, Natural "RES" on Earth, even a Humble small ...Leaf of a Tiny Plant, Knows perfectly well How to Find Energy from Sun Rays, while, on the Contrary, Humans, practicaly Do Not Even realy Search, Nowadays, to Invent How to do so ! Indeed, it's an Astonishing Fact, that Even serious Scientific Research in that area, Seems almost Totaly Absent, until now...

    => Is it realy Feasible and Acceptable, for European People, to be Still Deprived, BOTH from such a Key Scientific Arm, AND from the Required Defense Force for Protecting, at least, its own Natural Energy Resources from Turkish Military Bullying at the South-Eastern Mediterranean ?

    >>> History-on-the-Making seems toReply, Nowadays, with a Loud : -"NO !"...

 

 

(../..)

 

("Draft-News")

 

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     La Turquie, test-clé d'Independance de l'Europe face aux USA, les aménant de chercher en commun des nouvelles idées pour se mettre d'accord ?  

 Le débat, amical mais clair, entre les Présidents Américain et Français, Obama et Sarkozy,  la veille des elections européennes du 7 juin 2009, a montré que la question controversée sur la démande de la Turquie d'entrer dans l'Europe est actuellement le point central et le test le plus pertinent de l' indépendance de la France et de l'Europe par rapport aux Etats Unis.   

 Les electeurs européens, aussi bien en France qu'ailleurs en l'UE, auront une seule chance à trancher, ce dimanche 7 juin 2009, en choisisant leurs eurodéputés pour la période 2009 - 2014, car après ca risque d'être trop tard, vu que tous ceux qui suivent les affaires européennes dépuis des décennies savent qu'en réalité, le moment des décisions sur la Turquie viendra au plus tard en 2013, date rétenue dépuis longtemps pour une importante révision des "Perspectives Financières" de l'UE qui reflètent des choix Politiques fondamentaux.


    Le Président français, (récement encore représentant de l'UE, dans laquelle il joue un rôle important, ensemble avec la chancelière allemande Merkel, et autres leaders européens, ayant une influence notable auprès des Citoyens Européens, comme les derniers sondages montrent), réagissant à la repétition, par le nouveau Président Américain de la vieille position traditionelle de l'Washington poushant toujours vers la démande de la Turquie d'entrer dans l'Europe :

     - "Je ne peut pas laisser détruire l'Europe, (qui) est un élément de stabilisation du Monde", réponda Sarkozy. "J'ai dit au Président Obama que pour moi il était très important que l’Europe ait des Frontières", a-t-il souligné, confirmant la position Franco-Allemande commune, récemment rappellée ensemble avec la Chancellière Merkel.

    - "Il y a une différence (entre France/EU et les USA)...  sur les modalités. La position traditionnelle des Etats-Unis d’Amérique, c’est l’intégration" de la Turquie au sein de l'UE. "C’était la position du Président Bush, du Président Clinton, de tous les présidents américains".     

- "La mienne vous la connaissez : Ce n’est pas l’intégration dans l’Union Européenne. Mais j’ai proposé que nous réfléchissions, l’Europe, la Russie, la Turquie à la création d’un Espace Economique et de Sécurité en commun", a ajout Sarkozy rappelant son invitation de créer quelque chose de neuf et mieux adapté.


    Mais, "cela ne veut pas dire qu’il faut repousser la Turquie dans les ténèbres. La Turquie est un allié dans l’OTAN, (et) une Passerelle entre 2 Mondes, voilà quelle est la meilleure modalité. C’est cela dont nous avons parlé", revela-t-il. Si "nous avons une Différence sur les Modalités, nous n’avons pas une différence sur l’Objectif : Faire de la Turquie un élément de Pont entre l’Orient et l’Occident", Sarkozy assura Obama.

    - "Laissez-nous au moins une légère divergence sur un sujet, cela vous permettra de bien réfléchir pour les prochaines échéances", ajouta Sarkozy en réponse à un journaliste de l'opposition Socialiste qui avait soulevé la question de la Turquie, en la melant (comme un lobby turc notoirement essaie de faire pour exploiter la manipulation de quelques Arabes, la Civilisation Historique desquels fût pourtant detruite par l'ex-empire Ottoman-Turc) avec une question tout à fait différente : celle de la voile islamique (!), avec laquelle elle n'a rien à voir.

    - "Sur la Turquie, Monsieur, vous appartenez à un journal ...qui a appelé à voter, au moment de la présidentielle, pour mon adversaire.... Quel était votre argument à ce moment-là ? Vous disiez : « Attention, Nicolas Sarkozy va trop s’aligner sur les Etats-Unis d’Amérique », et je vois que deux ans après vous dites : « Ah, il y a un sujet sur lequel le Président Obama et le Président Sarkozy ne sont pas d’accord » Cela devrait vous rassurer, Monsieur" , réponda-t-il, en faisant sourire même le président américain, (et laissant entendre que trancher définitivemen la controverse sur la Turquie pourrait être au coeur de l' Elections Présidentielle  en France pour 2012 )
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    - "Ce que les Etats-Unis peuvent faire, c’est encourager ....TOUT PROCESSUS qui permettra à la Turquie d’être convaincue qu’elle a des amis, que ce soit la France, les Etats-Unis ou l’Europe", réponda Obama, apparamment n'excluant pas, a priori, le point de Sarkozy sur la création d'un espace commun d' économie et sécurité entre l' UE, la Turquie et la Russie (v. supra).

    "Les Etats-Unis ne sont pas membres de l’Union Européenne, nous ne pouvons pas dicter si un pays quelconque adhère ou n’adhère pas à l’UE"; Obama a admis, parlant de la "Turquie, (sur laquelle) le Président Sarkozy et moi nous sommes entretenus sur ce dossier avant".  "Maintenant le Président Sarkozy représente un Etat membre de l’Union Européenne et il a une position différente", opposée à démande turque d' entrée dans l'UE.    

 "La Turquie par contre est un allié de l’OTAN très important. ...La Turquie a fait connaître son intérêt à une intégration croissante avec l’Europe et nous (USA) encourageons cette attitude. J’ai souvent dit que l’adhésion de la Turquie à l’Union européenne serait importante".     

"Mais, (en tout cas) je crois qu’il est important de noter que le Président Sarkozy appuie fortement le travail que la Turquie fait au sein de l’OTAN et je crois qu’il s’intéresse à une intégration économique plus intense avec la Turquie". (Ce qui pourrait se faire, justement, avec un "parténariat privilegié" adéquat et/ou l'idée de créer un espace commun EU - Turquie - Russie  : V. supra).     

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Est-ce que l'effort du Président de la France, soutenu par la chancelière Allemande et l'opinion publique de la plupart des Citoyens Européens la-dessus, de trouver un accord entre l' Europe et l' Amérique sur la Turquie, en proposant de sortir des chemins battus et créer du neuf, en etablissant "un Espace Commun d' Economie et Sécurité" (v. supra), suffira de calmer un lobby traditionaliste à quelques bureaucrates de Washington DC, datant dès l'époque de l' ex-"Guerre Froide", beaucoup plus ancien que le nouveau Président vénu de l' oxygen des "grands lacs" près de Quebec du Canada : Chicago, connu comme "la ville du vent" nouveau ?
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Le Prémier Ministre Fillon appele à "faire vivre le Rève Européen"

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 Seul l'avenir le dira. Mais, entre-temps, l' Europe ne peut plus attendre et perdre encore plus du temps et d'energie vitale sur la démande controversée de la Turquie, qui a notoirement menacé d'arrêter l'édification européenne dépuis 1999-2005 :

    Comme le Premier Ministre François Fillon a clairement dit, un peu plus tôt cette semaine, dans un discours éloquent sur les enjeux de l' Election Européenne de ce juin 2009 (V. résumé envoyé aux adhérents d'"EuroFora"),

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    - "S' abstentir, c'est laisser à la Technocratie le pouvoir de dominer" la vie des Citoyens européens, qui devraient prendre l' Europe en branle le corps", et commencer d'agir par toutes les voies politiques démocratiques, prennant conscience que "l' Europe c'est Nous, (i.e. les Citoyens), et "Pas eux !" (i.e. les Technocrates), selon une image symbolique.

    - "Je me souviens de l' Europe obligée de faire Silence, (au Passé), quand "les Grands" décidaient de son sort", rappela Fillon.  "Je me souviens de l'Europe divisée, de l' Europe dominée" par d'autres, '"de l'Europe appauvrie""Je me souviens de Berlin occupé, muré, divisé comme un butin qu'on tire aux dès. Je me souviens du Silence de Varsovie. Je me souviens du Silence de Prague"..   

 - "Nous, les Européens, nous avons bien failli sortir de l' Histoire, et dévenir, pour du bon, les dès d'un jeu joué par d'autres".     

- "C'est pourquoi je ne peux pas concevoir une Europe qui ne serait pas Souveraine, une Europe qui ne serait pas Maitresse d'êlle-même", aujourd'hui et démain, martella-t-il. "Le Monde s'est habitué trop longtemps à une Europe faible, que l'on pouvait traiter avec condescendence".  

 - "Le moment est venu de rélever le défi : Le moment est vénu de montrer que, nous les Européens, avons décidé d'être débout, et d"être nous-mêmes".     

"Dépuis 2 ans (i.e. dès les Elections Présidentielles de 2007), avec Nicolas Sarkozy, nous avons oeuvrer pour relever notre Identité Nationale (de la France), dont nous sommes fiers. Et bien, l'' Identité Européenne mérite tout autant, elle qui prolonge les Génies de nos Nations".

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    - "Je crois à la présence d'une Civilisation Européenne", déclara Fillon, largement applaudi par des milliers de personnes ayant entendu une série des Musiques entremelées characteristiques de differents pays européens, et des images lumineuses géantes avec des extraits symboliques de Goethe, de Victor Hugo, de Shakespeare, et d'autres auteurs italiens, espagnols etc celebres à travers l'histoire.

    - "L' Humanisme, la tolerance, la Liberté de la Conscience. La Solidarité. L' Etat de Droit. La confiance placée dans la Science, l' Innovation, le progrès. Toutes ces Valeurs, elles disent clairement où commence et où s'épanuit cette Europe" que nous voulons, observa-t-il.

    En harmonie avec les positions soutenues par le Président du Parlement Européen, eurodéputé allemand, Hans Gert Poettering, et la Chancelière allemande, Angie Merkel, sur la "Dignité Humaine" au coeur des "Valeurs de l' Europe" moderne. Ce qui fait qu'" avec un Elargissement sans fin", même vers la Turquie, c.a.d. "sans Frontières, l' Europe Politique, l' Europe des Valeurs et l' Identité européenne" ne peuvent pas exister, comme a dit aussi le Président francais, Nicolas Sarkozy, recemment à Berlin.

    Fait important : Cette observation de Fillon a été faite le jour-même que le Comité des Ministres du Conseil de l'Europe à Strasbourg concluait une semaine de réunion semestrielle sur les Droits de l'Homme, qui a examiné un grand nombre d'affaires des pires Violations (pex. Tuéries scandaleusement non elucidées, Persecutions et privations arbitraires de Liberté, personnes portées "Disparues", Tortures et "traitements inhumains et degradants", Usurpations illégales des Maisons et Patrimoines privées de Réfugiés, etc., pour lesquelles la Cour Européenne a condamné la Turquie dans plusieurs jugements, dont on attend toujours l' application)...

    - "C'est pourquoi un Elargissement sans fin de l' Europe ne peu pas être un objectif en soi. Parce qu'il ne peut que diluer l' élan européen, et detruire l' Idéntité Européenne"

    -" Voilà pourquoi nous disons, très sereinement, que nous ne sommes pas favorables à l' adhésion de la Turquie dans l'UE", conclua le Premier Ministre de la France; largement applaudi par des gens qui soulevaient le drapeau européen.

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       "Ce n'est pas un Slogan de meetings. Ce n'est pas la marque une "Hostilité" au régard de cette grande Nation (i.e. la Turquie), qui doit être étroitement associée à l' UE", pex. par un partenariat priviliegié, ou une autre formule adaptée.

    - "Mais il lui faut des Frontères à l' Europe, il lui faut des Frontières stables, qui lui permettent de renforcer son Unité et son Identité", a-t-il expliqué.

    - "Alors, c'est au nom de cette Europe charnelle, que je m'engage avec vous. Mais, cette Europe-là, ne peut avancer qu' à une seule Condition : celle de l' Europe Politique".

    "Nous avons longtemps douté qu'elle soit possible : Aux années 1970, Henri Kissinger (le notoire ex- Secretaire d'Etat Américain aux affaires etrangères, consideré, à tort ou à raison, comme chef d'orchestre du renversement du Président Allende en Chili, de l' invasion militaire de la Turquie à Chypre, etc), disait, avec une ironie blaissante : - "Ah, l' Europe ? : Quel numero de Télephone ?..." Pendant les 6 mois de la présidence française de l'UE, (7-12/2008), Henri Kissinger n'aurait aucune difficulté de rejoindre l' Europe !", observa-t-il en suscitant des nouveaux applaudissements nourris.

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    "J'au vu l' Europe Politique se dresser, et prendre ses responsabilités : L' Europe Politique c'est celle qui agit sans délai, et avant les Etats-Unis, pour stopper des faillites Bancaires qui s'enchaînent, qui nous auraint plongés dans une Depression pire que celles des années 1929. L' Europe Politique est celle qui, maintenant, doit mettre un fin à un Capitalisme Financier, qui a perdu sa boussole. L' Europe Politique est celle qui a réussi d'etablir le règles les plus ambitieuses au Monde dans la lutte contre le rechaufement Climatique. Samedi, nous celebrons l' anniversaire du debarquement de la Normandie, où nos amis Américains ont pris une part décisive à nôtre libération. Mais, en décembre 2009, à la Conference (Mondialle) de Copenhague, c'est nous les Européens, qui allons leur montrer le chemin vers cet avénir commun" pour la sauvegarde de l'Environement naturel. L' Europe Politique c'est celle qui, en août 2008, lorsque la Guerre faisait rase entre la Russie et la Géorgie, s'est interposée pour imposer la Paix. Et c'est elle qui doit, maintenant, se doter des moyens Militaires de se défendre par elle-même, pour elle-même", ajouta-t-il en évoquant clairement la création d'une Défense Européenn Autonome.

 

    "L' Europe Politique c'est celle qui doit bâtir des grands champions Industriels Européens, comme nous avons fait, auparavant, pour (l'avion) Airbus ou (la fusée) Ariadne. C'est celle qui doit exiger la Reciprocité dans les rlations Commerciale avec nos grands partenaires", sans Dumping Social ou Environmental, ni autre Concurrence Deloyale. "C'est celle qui doit se doter comme objectif d'être "le Continent de l'Esprit", réunissant les plus grandes Universités du Monde, en multipliant les Connexions, entre Scientifiques et étudiants."


    "Nous respecterons nos engagements, jusqu'au dernier", souligna le Premier Ministre de la France, peu après que les candidats-eurodéputés de la coalition Gouvernementale (UMP : Mouvement pour la Majorité Présidentielle) ont signé solennement, devant plusieurs milliers des Citoyens, une spectaculaire pancarte-géante avec "7 engagements" pour les Elections Européennes du 7 juin, auxquels figure aussi l'engagement de "s'opposer à l' adhésion de la Turquie dans l'UE".

     - "Parcque ce respet des engagements est une exigence si nous voulons rétablir la Confiance entre les Responsables Politiques et les Citoyens", conclua Fillon, la veille de ces Elections Européennes de juin 2009, après les Abstentions Majoritaires de 1999 et 2004, suivies de 3 "NON" à 3 Euro-Réferenda dépuis 2005, (dates auxquelles, quelques gouvernements du Passé, avaient donné le statut d'un "Candidat" et commencé des "Négotiationa d'adhésion" avec la Turquie, suivies d'un blocage sans précedent de l' édification européenne)..

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"Nore Europe n'est pas n' importe quelle Europe : L' UE Technocratique n'est pas la nôtre. ... L' UE sans Frontières n'est pas la notre. L' UE desincarnée n'est pas la notre". "Nous portons une idée de l'Europe" qui "n'est pas celle des Statistiques et des Bureaux(crates). L'Europe ce n'est pas qu'une Monnaie. Ce n'est pas qu'un Marché. économique".


- "L' Europe c'est d'abord une Culture. L'Europe c'est une Histoire", a-t-il dit, largement applaudi.

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       "L'Europe c'est une rencontre entre des Nations qui sont Millénaires et qui sont Brillantes. L'Europe c'est Paris. C''est Madrid. C'est Prague. C'est Londres. C'est Rome. C'est Varsovie. C'est Berlin. C'est Vienne. C'est Athènes : Quant on énonce ces Villes, alors on "sent" nos Héritages et nos Cultures entremelées qui circulent dans nos veines".

    - "Je suis Européen, parcque profondément Français, je sais ce que je dois aux influences de l' Atlantique et de la Méditerannée. J'aime ces Traditions qui offrent à chacun des nos Nations leur éclat. .. J'aime ses saveurs, ses paysages divers. Ils sont également miens, ou, plus précisement, je suis également fait d'eux. Je suis Européen, car, Français, j'aime l' Europe ouverte vers l' Amérique, vers l'Orient, vers l' Maghreb. J'aime les quais de Vénise, ceux d'Amsterdam. J'aime les quais de Thamise où sont vénues pendant des siècles s'amasser les richesses et les nouveautés du Monde. J'aime l' Europe curieuse. L'Europe qui rêve des lointains : L' Europe de Vasco de Gama, de Magelan. de Bougainville, de Charcot, de Monot... Cette Europe qui, aujourd'hui, s'élance vers l' Espace. Je suis Européen parce que Français, j'aime l' Europe qui prospère et qui invente. J'aime l' Europe des Trains à Grande Vitesse. J'aime l'Europe des Satellites et des Fusées. L'Europe de la Mode et des Atéliers d' Artistes. L'Europe des Grands Laboratoires, des Ingéniers. des Entrepreneurs, des Grands Architèctes, des Traditions Ouvrières. Comme rançais, j'aime l' Europe qui dit "NON" à la Tyrannie et qui se soulève à l'appel de la Liberté", a-t-il dit en

 
"Je me sens lié à ces femmes et ces hommes sans nom, qui ont levé la tête, et qui ont sécoué le joug sous lequel .. on les avait fait pliér", dit-il en évoquant pex.. la Révolution Française de 1789, le Siècle des Lumières, l'appel du Général de Gaulle contre l'Occupation NAZI, et les pires heures obscures qu'un  "Fascisme" ou "Communisme" devoyés, suivies de la Guerre Froide avaient plongé l'Europe au Passé.

"Ils sont des millions, ces Héros Anonymes de notre temps, que nous croisons sans le savoir dans nos rues et nos places. Et je ne peux pas concevoir l'Europe sans eux, et sans tous ceux qui poursuivent leur combat contre l'arbitraire et le fanatisme", ajouta Fillon. Faisant pex. rappeler un récent Film allémand, primé au Festival de Vénise, qui décrivait la vie d'un cadre à l'époque d'un régime oppressif, qui avait été chargé d'espioner la vie privée et familiale d'un couple soupçonné d'être dissidents politiques, mais, ému par leur honnêteté humaine et leur sacrifice pour sauver d'autres, a preferé risquer sa place et sa propre liberté pour les sauver, sans même qu'ils le sachent, condamné dépuis à faire un bas boulot d'anonyme perdu dans la foule..


"Quand je vois l'Europe moderne, je vois les résultats de l' Audace de ces hommes qui ont brisé les traditions de conflit et de violence. Je vois des nations soudées autour d'une monnaie unique et protectrice. Je vois 27 jeunesses appelées de grandir ensemble, sans défiance. Je vois 27 peoples unis, qui nous interdisent de jouer les blazés ou les indifférents".

Jettant "un régard lucide sur les errements de la construction européenne", Fillon a observé que "l' Europe n'a pas bésoin d'être idélisée pour être ce qu'elle est ; Cad. une aventure humaine, avec ses faiblesses et ses forces".

"Vous voulez que l' Europe agisse ? Fixez-lui des objectifs clairs. Vous voulez la Démocratie ? Agissez en Citoyens. Vous rédoutez la prétendue Bureaucratie des Bruxelles ? Alors renforcez, par votre Vote, les instances élues au Parlement Européen" qui sont chargés de la contrôler.

- "Si nous voulons faire vivre "le Rêve Européen", .. alors nous avons tous le dévoir de l' engagement", a-t-il conclu, appelant de "engager pour le drapeau tricolore et le drapeau étoilé, car ils symbolisent tous les deux la fierté de nôtre nation et la force de nôtre union".

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