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Accueil arrow newsitems arrow Turkey Bullies EastMed Pipeline near Cyprus as EUParliament+Summit debate "explosive" Energy Prices

Turkey Bullies EastMed Pipeline near Cyprus as EUParliament+Summit debate "explosive" Energy Prices

Ecrit par ACM
Wednesday, 06 October 2021

 eu_parliament_debateon_energy_crisis_ebs__eurofora_400


*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/-
Turkey repeatedly Bullied with Warships, and Threatened even with More Negative Measures in the Comming Days, a European peaceful Ship preparing for an EU Natural Gas Pipeline from South-Eastern Mediterranean's big Resources around EU-Member State Cyprus, Israel, Egypt, Lebanon, etc, which had agreed to Cooperate, while EU Parliament in Strasbourg just Debated the "Hot" Issue of Energy Prices' Boom, with More than +170% for Gas, Indispensable also for smooth Transition to "Green", ReNewable Energy sources in the foreseable Future : Strategic Issues that are going to be Examined also by a the forthcoming EU Heads of State/Government Summit in Brussels, on March 21-22.

map_of_nautical_geo_ship_turkeycyprus_eez_sigma__eurofora_400 

 east_med_pipeline_part__ans_eurofora_400

    - "This is, Currently, the Most <<Explosive>> Issue !", stressed to "Eurofora" this Week, the experienced Head of Press/Communication in the Biggest Group of MEPs, that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP, Pedro Lopez-de Pablo, from Spain, who has Also Worked with the PanEuropean CoE.

    Europe, Contrary to USA, has the Chance to be Surrounded by Energy-Rich Neighbours, from Russia to Africa or Asia, etc., But has Not Yet real Natural Energy Resources of its own, (particularly after the End of North Sea Deposits), while Supply Links are Hampered by Economic or Political Issues, and its "Green" ReNewable Energy Shift Aims are Still Far Away in the foreseable Future.

    But, Europeans have, nevertheless, Recently Discovered Fast Growing UnderSea Energy Resources at the South-Eastern Mediterranean, near the EU Member-States of Greece and particularly Cyprus, as well as Friendly Neighbouring Countries of Israel and Egypt, Lebanon, a.o., which have Agreed to Cooperate with the EU, including via an "East-Med" Gas Pipeline, planned in order to Transport Ecological, CO2-Free, Natural Gas Directly towards Europe, mainly via Modern Technologies of Gas Liquefication, (i.e. Both through that UnderSea Pipeline and/or via Containers inside Ships).

    The main Geological Stucture of South-Eastern Mediterranean Sea's Energy Resources appears to be Similar to that of the Gulf of Mexico, (also Historicaly Generated by a Huge River delta's Deposits from a whole Continent's Forests, Accumulated inside an area Surrounded by Land, and Traped amidst Inter-Continenal Tectonic Plates' Rifts : Nile River from Africa, via Egypt, Gaza, rest of Israel, Lebanon, towards Cyprus' southern Coasts, as Mississipi River from North America accross the Gulf of Mexico's Coasts, facing Cuba and other Islands). This is what an Experienced French Scientist had explained to "Eurofora"s co-Founder as Early as since a 2000 PanEuropean Conference on Geology organized by Strasbourg University's "Globe Institute", (See also Infra), and could be also the picture resulting from a relevant PhD Thesis at New York before the End of the 1990ies, according to various Converging indications.

    => The Interesting Point is that the Discovery and much more Rapid Exploitation of those Gulf of Mexico's Oil/Gas Energy Resources proved that USA could Become, Faster than Expected, from a Traditional Import Country, heavily Depending on Arab and/or Other Foreign Countries accross the World in the Past, Nowadays a potentialy ...Exporting Country, from now on Able to Sell Energy to Others ! A Fact which Obviously shows that Europe may, very Probably, have a Similar Chance to Find at the SEM a much Needed Solution in order to Alleviate all its Problems of traditional Energy Dependency, Becoming almost Autonomous.

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    However, at EU Parliament's relevant Plenary Discussion on "European solutions to the rise of Energy Prices for businesses and consumers : The role of energy Efficiency and Renewable energy, and the need to tackle energy Poverty", according to the Long, Official Name reserved for The Most Prestigious Day-Time of the Week : on Wednesday Morning,

    - the competent EU Commissioner for Energy, Kadri Simson, from Estonia, appeared Sharp, But Not Really Concluding yet,Followed by a Careful and Diplomatic intervention by the current Slovenian EU Council's Presidency, via its Foreign Minister Logar, (i.e. at a quite High Political Level).

    - While MEPs, Astonishingly, were Not Even Ready to Agree on a Joint Resolution, United Only on the Need to Strongly Denounce that Sudden and Harsh Energy Prices' "Boom", But so Divided on the Diagnosis of the main Cause, that almost Everyone went along by Accusing What he/she Believed to be the main Cause, according to Political Trends...

    => In Consequence, there was an Inevitably Diverging Polyphony, Even if at least some appeared to Agree on some kind of probable "Manipulation", Urged for Joint Policies on Stocks, Procurement, and EU's "Autonomy" from some tricky and Unreliable Foreign Actors, as wel as for Social Aide, But seemed to still Disagree on almost Everything else !

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    - "Gas prices reached Record-breaking highs, in October" 2021. "Electricity wholesale prices surged by more than 200%, in the first 9 Months of this year, driving up Retail prices", Commissioner Simson denounced from the outset.

    - But the Causes appeared to be a rather Confusing "Combination of Factors" : - "The world Economy has started to Rebound, After the Pandemic" (sic !), she said Optimisticaly, "and is Hungry for energy", from one side, While, nevertheless, "Europe’s Gas Supply has Tightened", from the Other side, (allegedly Because of a "Cold Winter and Spring", "Delays" in "Gas Pipelines Maintenance" on "Summer", due to "the Pandemic" [re-sic !!], "Lower Investment", and "Decrease of Europe's Gas Production", for UnKnown Reasons)... "Russia's Long-Term Contracts were Respected", she ensured, But "No Extra Capacity was Booked", withOut telling Who was Responsible for that... Even ... "Less Wind" (sic !) and "Less Waves (HydroPower)" were evoked for Less "Renewable Energy". So that "Carbon Price was ...Increased", "due to ...Greater use of Carbon-intensive Fuels", "But this Explains Only a Limited Part of the Electricity price Increase", she Acknowledged, leaving the Mystery of Causes in Limbo...

    => In Consequence, "this is a Temporary situation", the EU Commissioner found, (citting Vague "Market Expectations"), which "should Gradually Decrease from Spring, Next Year" (2022), she Speculated, (Based on "the Current Demand for Gas", while "Gas Storage is aove 75%", i.e. "Adequate to Cover the Winter", which is, However, "a Key Variable, to Watch closely", for UnDisclosed Reasons)...

    >>> However, "this Price Shock ...is Hurting our Citizens, ...the most Vulnerable", "Weakens Compeitiveness" and "Adds Inflation", so that "it Risks to Compromise Europe's Recovery", she Warned, finding Necessary "to Take (EU) Policy Measures".

    - This "Price Hike has Little to do with our (EU's) Climate Policies", (Even if it "happens while a Profound Transformation of the Energy System is underway"). Because "the Green Deal provides The Only lasting Solution", with "More ReNewables, and ...Efficiency", as "Wind and Solar ...generate the Cheapest Electricity" and "are Not Exposed to Price Volatility", she Claimed. Thus, "the Best Response ...is to Progress Faster towards our (EU's) Target Goal of 65% of ReNewable Electricity by 2030", she insisted. As Proof, she mentioned f.ex. the Fact that "Last Year" (2020), Member States with the Highest share of ReNewables ...had the Lowest wholesale Electricity Prices, with Several cases of Negative Price", she pointed out, (However, withOut Telling what happens for them on 2021)... Nevertheless, "Some are Pointing at the European Electricity Market ... (whose "Design is Tailor-Made to Deliver more ReNewables"), "as a part of the Problem",  and given "the Challenges, ...we (EU) are ready to Launch a Study" on that point, she conceded to Critics. 

    => What is Sure, is, at least, that EU must "Support Consumers", give "Payments to those Most at Risk of Energy Poverty", "Mitigate Social Impacts", "Protect Vulnerable Households", "ensure that Energy Poverty is Not Aggravated", and "Give Relief" to "SMEs" : Something that Can be Now done Thanks to "Higher than Expected ETS Revenues" made by the EU, (i.e. CO2 Taxes, etc), she suggested.

    >>> At any case, nevertheless, this "Price Hike has ... much to do with our (EU's) Dependence on Imported fossil Fuels" from Abroad, as "Demand and Prices are High Everywhere in the World" Nowadays, so that the EU must anew "Respond ... through Diversification of Supply Sources", "Market Surveillance, and prevention of UnCompetitive Practices", as well as "Review" of "Storage and Security of Supply", "Joint Purchase of ...Gas Reserves", "Invest in Flexibility and Storage", (etc), since "we (EU) Need ...Liquid Gas Markets in the Transition" (Comp. Supra + Infra), so that "We (EU) Need Also "GeoPolitics of Energy" and "a more Strategic approach to External Energy Policy", he urged, (Aproaching "Eurofora"'s main View)...

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    + Such a Crucial Main Point was Also made by 3021 EU Council's President-in-office, the Young but Experienced Foreign Minister of Slovenia, Anze Logar, (former Press Spokesman of the Previous, 2008, Slovenian EU Presidency : See Statements he made then in Reply to "Eurofora"s Questions, Published at "TCWeekly" - Attached Herewith) :


    - Indeed, we must "Reduce EU Import Dependency on Gas", thereby "Reducing our Exposure to Price Fluctuations", Logar clearly stressed, promising a "Vigilant and Active" EU "Council", on "this Important Subject, following the Sharp ReBound in Recent Months".


    + In fact, "this is a MultiFaceted Phenomenon", Part of which "was Expected, in the light of Economic Recovery and Relaxation of Travel Restrictions", during the Current Phase of EU's Policy on the Virus' Pandemic, while "Higher EU Emmission-Tradin system prices (Comp. Supra),D had an Only Secondary Impact", he observed, Pointing at the "Need to Discuss How the EU can Help to Mitigate the Impact of Soaring Energy Prices", while "the (Slovenian EU) Presidency Encourages exchange of Best Pratices on How to Mitigate the NegativeConsequences of Increasing Energy Prices at the National Level, But Also a Reflexion on the Potential Collective Action at the EU Level", as he Invited.


    => For that purpose, Logar reminded the Fact that EU's "Informal Meeting of Enery and Transport Ministers, in September" 2021, as well as the Competitiveness Council of 28 September", due to be added to "the Environmen (EU) Council ...in its Meeting Today", 'Looking (also) Forward to the Communication on rising Energy Prices, that the (EU) Commission has promised to Unveil on 13 October", with "Available Options Both at National and at EU Level". As for the ForthComming "October (2021) European Council" in Brussels, which "Will Give Heads of State and Government, the opportunity to Address this Complex Issue in Depth" (on October 21-22), that "We Welcome", .as he added Carefuly, But Positively".


    => However for the Rest, he Agreed that "Negotiation for the <<Fit for 55>> Package Will help Define the Best and most Cost-Effective Tools" in view of "Our (EU's) common Goal of Climate Neutrality", "and", ipso facto, "a Long Term Solution for the Sustainable Energy Mix", since it is "in the Long Term" that "the DeCarbonisation of the European Economy can Contribute to Mitigating the Fluctuation in Energy Prices, and to Fight against Proverty", as he stressed. In this regard, "the Newly Proposed Social Climate Fund aims to ...provide Temporary direct Income Support to Vulnerable Households", that Logar Welcomed.
-----------------------

 

=> During the EU Parliament's Plenary Public Debate between MEPs which Followed in Strasbourg :

 - Currently, "some 93% of fossil Gas used in the European Union is Imported", observed "Green" MEP Ville Niinisto.

 - But, "from January to September 2021, the Price of Gas Augmented for More than 400%", Denounced MEP Georg Mayer, from the ID Group.

    - Analyticaly, "an Augmantation of More than 57% for the Gas Price in France, More than 37% of Electricity's Price in Spain, and More than 40% in Italy, there is Not a European Country which Escapes from it", Criticized MEP Manon Aubry, speaking in the name of the "Left" Group.

    - Just in "the Netherlands, the home country of Commissioner Timmermans, who is the Author of the "Fit for 55" Project, ...intended to remedy the Future situation on the Energy Market in Europe", "in recent days, since the beginning of the year (2021), the Price of six metres of Gas has risen ... by +200%. Price of Electricity at +152%. On Tuesday, the price of Gas exceeded 1.160 $ per six feet and was +8% Higher than a Week ago, which means it is X 7 Times higher than in the previous Year ! Windfarms produce Less energy, Gas Production has been Reduced, and Warehouses are on average 58%" Only, Denounced Polish MEP Beata Szydło, speaking in the Name of Conservatives (ECR).

    => "Therefore, if we want to Protect Europeans from a very Serious energy Crisis, on both Social and energy Security issues, we really Need to rethink the European Union's energy Policy", she concluded.

    - Nowadays, "a Risk of Electricity Cut may be Provoked, Even in Countries like France, equiped with a resilient Self-Sufficiency thanks to an Efficient Nuclear Power", Warned French MEP Joëlle Mélin, Speaking in the Name of the "Identity" Group "ID".

    - Denouncing "an UnPrecedented Speculation on Gas' Prices (More than +170% in 1 Year"), and that "Carbon" practicaly "became a Crypto-Currency", after "it passed from 10 to 60 € a Tonne, in a Year", (etc), we "Must raise the Question of a Big Theft Mystification, entirely DisConnected from Realities, (as Hot Summers and Cold Winters"), she Found.

    + Adding all that to "those 750 Billions € for the "Green Pact", partly Paid by European TaxPayers, which ...Favor ReNewable Energies, whose (current) Limits are Already Known", (Comp. Supra), she Concluded by Asking to "Let Member States to Manage Better their Energy Mix", as she said, i.e. Accusing the EU.

    - But, on the Contrary, for Philippe Lamberts, Belgian MEP and co-President of the "Green" Group, all this would be just Due to "a current Boom in Fossil Energies' Prices", showing that we Should "Accelerate our (EU's) Transition towards ReNewabe Energies, which became The Most Competitive in the Market, and Energy Sobriety", as he Claimed, (obviously Exagerating only 1 Part of the competent EU Commissioner's Previous Sayings, But Ommitting the Rest : Comp. Supra). "Our (EU's) Addiction to Fossil (Energies) was Already UnFiesible on Climat level and GeoPolitical plan", But "has Also become an Economic Handicap", he Criticized. As for French President "Emmanuel Macron", and Liberal "Renew" Group's Speaker, MEP "M. Grudler", "it's Not More Nuclear Power that would Solve the problem", given "its Cost, which became Excessive, and the entirely UnPredictable Time-frames", he found.

    +"In Short Term, this Prices' Boom, and in a Middle term, the Cost of Investments for Energy Transition" towards "Green" RES, "Raise, However, a Central Question of Solidarity", Lamberts added, Pointing, f.ex, at the Fact that "in Belgium, the Energy Bill Augmentation would Reach, at least, 100 € per Month for a Household with 2 Kids", to which "should be Added" also "the Indirect Impact on Other Goods' and Services' prices, such as Food and Transports", that "could Soon Make Life Impossible for a Family with Modest Revenues", as he Warned.

    >>> However, it's mainly Liberal "Renew" French MEP Christophe Crudler, Speaking on behalf of that Group, who, (stressing as "UnAcceptable that the Energy Prices' Explosion, and particularly of Gas, Affects so Harshly our Citizens, and Weakens our Industries"), Pointed  explicitly at the Key Issue of EU's "Energy Strategic Autonomy" :

    - We "Must Promote an Energy "Made in Europe", by Reducing, at the Maximum possible, Our Dependance to Fossil Energies Comming from Other Countries", he stressed. That includes to "Devbelop here, Rapidly, our (EU's) ReNewable and Low Carbon Energies, as Nuclear" power, "which are, Nowadays, the Less Expensive". +"Also Hydrogen must be Produced in Europe, and Not (only) in Other Continents".

    - But "it's Only on the Condition that we (EU) Strengthen our Gas Stocks", "that we could pass the Winter withOut Electricity Cuts", he Also Warned. Because "the Current Stocks are InSufficient, since many Countries have Already Taken their Meager Stocks, since Many Weeks, in order to Compensate the Prices' Augmentation", so that "a European Initioative" should be "Possible, Bringing Together Suppliers, Transporters, and Regulators". +"It's Also Possible to Launch a Collective Procurement of Gas", he added.

    + "Last, but not least, we (EU) Must Reform Quickly the European Energy Market, ("in the sense of the "Green Pact"), in order to put an End to the Indexation of Electricity Price on the Natural Gas' prices" : F.ex., "if My Electricity" as "in Sweden", etc) came From DeCarbonized Sources, that I Already Paid elsewhere, Why should I ¨Pay 2 Times ?", he Wondered.

------------------------

    - Denouncing "Abuses of a DesEquilibriuim between Offer and Demand in the Energy Market", Spanish MEP Iratxe García Pérez, speaking in the Name of the "Socialist" Group, regretted that "the (National) Governments are at the Mercy of Speculation", found "UnAcceptable that the Most Vulnerable" are Affected by "Abuses" from "Big Energy Companies with Millions of Profits", calling Also for EU's "Autonomy to Liberate us from ...Political Blackmails by Neighbouring Countries",  and Topicaly Reminded the Historic Fact that "the First European Communities were Born in order to Manage, Jointly, Carbon and Steel, as Fundamental Raw Materials, for the Post-War Economic Relaunch".

    => In consequene, "the European Commission must present a Plan ... for the Energy Market, as a first step towards "Greening" the EU, ... and establish a Platform for the Distribution of Resources according to Needs", "Acceleate the DeCarbonisation", "Invest in Energy Efficiency Technologies", and "make the Fossil Combustion Model Caduc", as she asked, (since she Considered it as "UnSustainable and Responsible for the Current Crisis of Prices"). In order to "put the Brakes against Speculation in the Carbon Market ... at the Cost of the most Vulnerables", "the EU" should "Guarantee a Transition to a Sustainable Model", particularly "with the European Strategy for Climate", she proposed, including "by Revising the Electricity Markets .. in order to Facilitate ...the Energy Mix with ReNewables". +To this, should be Added "efforts to Eradicate Energy Poverty", particularly vis a vis "vulnerable Families", where "EU Citizens Hope for a European Reply" to the Crisis.

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    >>> The "First" thing to do is "to Indentify if there was any market Manipulation in Europe, in recent weeks and months, by State or Non-state (i.e. Private MultiNational Companies) actors", who might "Influence European Energy Prices", sressed from the outset, (Brandissing "Sanctions" in that case), Siegfried Muresan, from Romania, Speaking on behalf of the Biggest Group of MEPs, that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP.

    + But, "we (EU) have (also) to Understand what is the Cause of the Increased ETS (European Trading System, against CO2) Price, wich Doubled in September, Compared to the Beginning of the Year" 2021, wih excessive "Volatility", he observed. "We (EU) have to ReAct", he urged.

    => As for "Concrete" and "Direct Action at European level", Muresan supported "Common Storage Facilities, and Joint Procuremen schemes for Gas", "Quickly", while any "Support (of) people or enterprises in One Country .... should Not be done at the Expense of Consumers in any Other Country". as well as, "of course", to "Reduce our (EU's) Energy Dependance" from Foreign Countries, he urged.

    ++ As for "Financial Measures", the "Transition to "Green" Economy" should also "ensure that we Help those Affected, People and Enterprises, particularly ... in a Vulnerable situation", he Added, calling, f.ex., to "Increase the Social Climate Fund", because it's "Not Sufficient". "Last", but not least, EU "Commission is Late on (EU's) Own Resoiurces' proposal", which should Include also "a Buffer with which we (EU) should Help Vulnerable Consumers and Enterprises", he concluded.

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turkiosh_seismic_ship_reis_geghis_khan_warship_vima__eurofora_400 

    * But, by a Striking Coijcidence, During this Time, Both Before and After EU Parliament's Public Debate on the present, Exceptionaly Big Energy Crisis, at Europe's Sea Borders, EU Member States Greece and particularly Cyprus, were Facing Dangerous Turkish WarShips and Other Military Provocations and Aggressions, against a Joint Peaceful Effort, Together with Italy, Malta and Other EU Countries, to simply Explore their own EEZ for the preparation of the Strategic, EU-Supported, UnderSeas Gas Pipeline "EastMed", notoriously due to Transport South Eastern Mediterranean's abudant Energy Resources, including from Friendly and Cooperating Neighbouring Countries as Israel, Egypt, etc., Directly to Mainland Europe, (Comp. Supra and Infra), in a way which, Obviously, may cosiderably Alleviate or even Prevent such Big Crises in Energy Prices from UnControled and UnPredictable, far away Hostile or UnFriendly Foreign Actors, (as well as, in Parallel, Ease "Green" Energy Transition, since Natural Gas has No "CO2")...

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eastmed_pipeline_ship_nauitical_geo_livik__eurofora_400

    - Indeed, Starting, at First, with Turkish Military Bullying, at Greece's Creta Island's Eastern EEZ, against Malta-Flagged, but Italy Owned, Peaceful Exploratory Ship "Nautical Geo", Ankara already Risked to Provoke a Wider Armed Clash, since Greece, Together with Cyprus, France and Italy, were conducting, Nearby, a Joint Military Security Exercise of those 4 EU Member States, (for which, they had naturally Warned in advance)...

    + Such Aggressive Turkish Moves were, Afterwards, Repeated, even More Harshly, anew against "Nautical Geo" Ship, now operating on behalf of EU Member Cyprus, inside the South-Eastern Part of the Island's EEZ, (Recognized by All Neighbouring Countries, with the Only Exception of Ankara) :        

4_eu_states_armies_near_turkish_warships_at_cyprus_eez_vima__eurofora_400 

    => Indeed, 3 Turkish WarShips (2 Frigates and 1 Corvet), reportedly "Pushed Away" (sic !) the "Nautical Geo" Exploratory Ship working for Cyprus, Malta and Italy, (which had just Arrived from an Initial position Near Israel's adjacent Gas Findings), apparently Obliging it to Interrupt its Mission, and Seek Refuge in Cyprus' Larnaka SeaPort...   

eastmed_turkey_hits_key_oilgas_area_anti__euroora_400

east_med_pipeline_ship_bullied_anti__eurofora_400 

Turkey, on this occasion, Shamelessly asked not only Money, from Cyprus' Energy Resources, but Even to encroach on their "Management", on Pretext of the Turkish Cypriot Minority (about 18% Before Ankara's Military Invasion and Occupation of the Northern Territories of Cyprus, After which they were progressively Replaced by Settlers Imported from Anatolia, as CoE's Reports Denounce). In real practice, this means that Ankara seeks to Impose upon EU Member Cyprus to export its Gas Only Through mainland Turkey, and Not Directly towards the European Continent.

    ++ Almost at the Same Time, Ankara's Terrestrial Army was illegaly conducting also Other Provocative and Dangerous Moves, inside the Invaded and Occupied Territories of Cyprus, with a lot of Military Troops, Tanks, Canons, etc.

    +++ In Addition, Ankara even officialy Announced that it is Sending its "Oruc Reis" big Seismic Ship for provocative illegal "Search" of Oil/Gas inside EU Member Cyprus' EEZ, (already Condemned by the EU and USA), during a quite Long Period of Time, accompagnied by 3 WarShips, including ..."Genghis Khan" (sic !)

    ++++ Turkey has, Meanwhile, illegaly Issued a "Naftex" Claiming to Reserve a Great Part of Cyprus' EEZ related to "EastMed" Gas Pipeline, EU-Supported project, for Ankara's Seismic Ship "Orus Reis" and its 3 WarShips, " During almost ...3 Months, (October, November, December 2021), until December 16, included !

    => Thus, Such and/or Other various Kinds of Time Delays, have practialy Provoked an Almost ...20 Years overall Delay in Europe's elementary Right, and Nowadays Urgent Need, to, at last, Start really Exploiting the important Natural Gas Resources around EU Member Cyprus, Added also to Similar Energy Findings, Meawhile Notoriously Discovered by Friendly Neighbouring Countries Israel, Egypt, etc., With which, Cyprus and Greece have Agreed to Cooperate at South-Eastern Mediterranean, particularly in view of Jointly Transporting them Directly to mainland Europe, (including, First of all, by the EU-Supported "East-Med" UnderSea Pipeline, etc., i.e. Also, probably, by Ships' Containers of Liquefied Gas, via Modern Technologies, Eventualy by Transforming Gas in Electricity to be transmited by an UnderSea Cable, according to an initialy Israeli Idea, etc).

    >>> However, Can Europe still Wait ...perhaps for AnOther 10 or 29 Years More, until it Starts, at last, to directly Benefit from its own (and of its Friends') Natural Gas Resources ?

    Or Will the Current Hard and Exceptional Circumstances convince the EU to Decide, at last, to Send a realy Strong Force at that Strategic Area of South-Eastern Mediterranean, (in Agreement with the Concerned Friendly and Wiling Countries), in order to Protect mainly the Sovereign Right to Benefit from Its Own Energy Resources ?

    + How is it possible for Many EU Member States to have Already Send a lot of Terrestrial Army, as well as Military Ships, led by France (on Land) and Germany (on the Sea), as Early as Since 2006, even Further Away : f.ex. Between Israel and Lebanon, in order to Protect Foreigners from Rockets' Throwing accross the Borders,

     ...while, nn the Contrary, EU Countries would Still do Nothing of that short, Nowadays, in order to Protect their Own European People, from the Harsh Consequences of an UnPrecedented Energy Crisis (Comp. Supra) ?

    Because, Except from the South-Eastern Mediterranean Energy Resources, the Situation is Not really Better until now, concerning various Other Neighbouring Energy Resourcss Around the EU :

    - Indeed, f.ex., USA Governments have Systematicaly pressed to Block easy and direct EU Energy Supply Routes from Nearby Russia, through European Countries, f.ex. via Belarus, Ukraine, Northern Sea, even directly Bulgaria from the Black Sea, etc...

    + While Recent "ISIS" a.o. Islamist Terrorists, (notoriusly Fuelled from Outside, as in Syria's and Iraq's cases in the Past), have practicaly Blocked a Planned Trans-Saharian Pipeline from Africa's Biggest Oil/Gas Resources towards Europe, mainly around Conflict-ridden Sahel area.

    On the Contrary, USA seems to have No Objection for Europe to Depend from a ...Turkey transit, too Long, Slow, Expensive, and Dangerous, (because Exposed to Earthquakes, Kurdish or other Conflicts, and Blackmails by the Turkish Government for Economic and/or Political Pretexts, as usual)...

    => But Concerning EU Member State Cyprus, and related Findings, at Neighbouring and Collaborating Countries at South-Eastern Mediterranean area , (Egypt + Israel, Lebanon, etc), the Issue has Surfaced Already as Early as Since 2.000, (i.e. More than 20 Years ago !)...

"Eurofora"'s co-Founder had, then, Timely and Succesfully Denounced (at "TCWeekly") a failed Attempt to Claim that Any Eventual such OIl/Gas future Findings at that SEM Area (Even at the Part of the Mediterranean located South of Cyprus' Island), would be due to ..."Detritus" from Turkey (sic !), via a rocambolesque Pseudo-"Scientiic" Paper tabled by a UK "Expert" and due to be Published and Discussed at a Mega-EuroConference on Geology, organized by Strasbourg University's "Globe Institute", (whose President had given us a Press Interview Before that Event Starts).

Immediately afterwads, the then Long-Time President of Cyprus, Glafkos Clerides, had Spoken by Phone with us, and Flew to meet Egypt's then President Mubarak, Kick-Starting a Period of concerned Neighbouing Countries, at South-Eastern Mediterranean, (i.e. Greece, Cyprus, Egypt, Israel, Lebanon, etc), Willing to Cooperate between them particularly in view of Energy Findings and Direct Transport to Europe's mainland.

In Addition to Ships' Transport with Containers, using Modern Technologies for Liquefied Gas, (f.ex. towards Frances' new SeaPort Big Installations at "Foss 2"/Marseilles, Greece's Northern Energy"Hub", Croatia's Adriatic Sea's De-Liquefication Facilities, Spain's, etc), the Main Way to Reach that European Mainland is Notoriouisly Planned to be, precisely, that Strategic "East-Med" UnderSeas Gas Pipeline, Supported by the EU, accross the South Eastern Mediterranean Sea, towards Cyprus' EEZ, Greece and Italy, etc., Joining there Terrestrial European Energy Networks.

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    + As for "ReNewable" Energies, the UnPredictable character of Wind Energy, (Comp. Supra), the Notorious InSufficiency, yet, of the Current Solar Energy Technologies, the Too Slow Development of Hydrogen, and the EarthQuake Risks from GeoThermy, (etc), are Still among the well-Known Obstacles Delaying a fully-fledged "Green" Economy, at least for the Time being.

    => Thus, a still Open Question is Why practicaly Nobody seems Yet realy Interested, Nor Seriously Involved, into, at least, Searching to Invent some Breakthrough New Technology inspired from ...PhotoSynthesis ?

    - Indeed, it's a Paradox, why concerning the Most Widely Spread, Natural "RES" on Earth, even a Humble small ...Leaf of a Tiny Plant, Knows perfectly well How to Find Energy from Sun Rays, while, on the Contrary, Humans, practicaly Do Not Even realy Search, Nowadays, to Invent How to do so ! Indeed, it's an Astonishing Fact, that Even serious Scientific Research in that area, Seems almost Totaly Absent, until now...

    => Is it realy Feasible and Acceptable, for European People, to be Still Deprived, BOTH from such a Key Scientific Arm, AND from the Required Defense Force for Protecting, at least, its own Natural Energy Resources from Turkish Military Bullying at the South-Eastern Mediterranean ?

    >>> History-on-the-Making seems toReply, Nowadays, with a Loud : -"NO !"...

 

 

(../..)

 

("Draft-News")

 

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
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    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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