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Home arrow newsitems arrow Professor Cutajar to EF on US Jan 6 Protest: A 3rd Chamber for Dialogue with People before Deciding?

Professor Cutajar to EF on US Jan 6 Protest: A 3rd Chamber for Dialogue with People before Deciding?

Parašė ACM
Friday, January 08, 2021
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/
(PARTLY UPDATED)- Was an Historic Chance for Democracy Missed on Jan. 6 ? Replying to an "Eurofora"s Question at a Press-VideoConference just 1,5 Day After the Jan. 6, 2021 Massive Popular Demonstrations of More than a Million at Wash. DC (to Back a Senators' Demand for Bi-Partisan Enquiry on alleged Fraud/Irregularities in Nov. 3, 2020 US Presidential Vote), During which 4 Citizens were Killed (incl. 2 Women, Shot Down by Police Gun or Crashed), Followed Later by 1 Policeman Dead by UnClear Cause, and 2 Suicides (1 Protestor +1 Policeman), Hundreds of Dissidents Persecuted and Jailed Nationwide, while 25.000 Heavily Armed Soldiers entered the Capital (under Curfew) to Keep People Away, French University Professor in Public Law, Chantal Cutajar, stressed that, Nowadays, Events show that it's even "a 3rd Chamber" for "Citizens' Participation" in Key Public Decisions affecting their Lives and/or Society at large, according to Our wider Project, should have been Created at US Capitol's Huge Grounds and Buildings, n order to "Peacefully" seek a "Constructive" Solution, in line with Modern Participatory Democracy Values, which have Become Necessary by Recent Changes Worldwide.
 
 
 

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Instead of "Police" Gun Fire Killing Brutaly a Woman Demonstrator, unarmed AirForce Security Vet., Suicides of a respectable Bank Manager, Head of Family, accused of "Mob Riot", the Same Day as also a sympathetic Capitol's Policeman at his Home, among Suspicions and "WitchHunt" against Law-Enforcement Staff Suspected of Letting US Citizens enter the Congress of their Elected Representatives, (while 3 Policemen were Immediately Fired), a Young Woman "Crashed to Death" after Security Agents' Clashes with Clubs, Shields, Tear Gas, Flash-Balls, Grenades, etc., against the People, 2 Middle-Age Demonstrators curiously Dead from Heart Attacks or "Strokes", and a 3rd, "Pro-Trump" Policeman, suddenly found "Collapsed" at his Office the Next Evening, amidst Contradicting Versions of another "Stroke", or, Othewise, of "not surviving at (some undetermined) Wounds", Curiously withOut receaving Any Previous Medical Help or Examination during 2 Days, (etc.: See ...),


while an UnPrecedented Mass-Oppression was also Launched, Nationwide, Hunting down and Arresting Hundreds of US Citizens, (But : Curiously, Not of Infiltrated "Leftist" AntiFa Provocators, as f.ex. Sullivan, the Most Suspect, who was a Rare Exception to Escape Arrest !), Accused to have Walked in the Gardens, and/or the Spectacular Outer Staircase and Terrasses, if not in the Corridors and Halls of the Superb "Capitol" Building of their Representatives, (Build with Marble from Neighbouring Vermont State, Famous for its "Direct Democracy" Institutions and Base of Popular Independent and Atypical US Presidential Candidate Bernie Sanders), Notoriously invited by US President Trump at a more than 1 Million People Washington DC Demonstration of Jan. 6, 2021, Nearby, to Support Constitutional Debates Contesting the Representivity of Formal "Electors" oand an Official Demand, lodged by Senators and Reps., for a Bi-Partisan Investigation, Chaired by USA Supreme Court President, in order to Debate Seriously the Facts and Arguments about the Big Controversy on alleged Fraud/Gross Irregularities at the Nov. 3, 2020 US Presidential Election, (Never Examined Seriously Yet, by Any Court until now, on the Substance of its Merits), at least during the 10 or 14 Next Days which Remained until the Formal "Inauguration" of an US President for the period of 2021-2025, scheduled for Jan. 20,

 usa__people_with_flags_at_the_capitol_nyp__eurofora_400

 

grossly Slandering them by Claims to be a "Mob" making a "Violent" "Riot" to "Attack" the US Congress, and "OverTurn", by "Force" of a "Putch" (sic !), Biden's alleged "Election", facing an  "Assault against Democracy", that some Apparently consider UnQuestionable, Despite Many State "Courts" Ruling "accross Partisan lines", (and Not based on Law, as Even OSCE's Preliminary Report already Denounced), so that FBI could Make Public Protestors' Photos, Names, Jobs, Family Addresses, and Other Private Data, Call for "Witnesses" to slyly "Knail" them, Routinely Accuse them to "UnLafully enter" the Garden etc. (Most of them), and/or the Public "Building" of their Representtives (Only for a Few among them, Briefly, Before being Thrown Out by Force : "Sticks" and "Guns", "Flash-Grenades", etc), Even for ..."Waving Flags" (sic !), and/or so-called "DesOrderly Behavior" (f.ex. a Lady Exhibiting a Placard for "Children's Rights", a Doctor calling for "Medical Democracy" and "HCQ", etc), finding a Pretext to "Arrest" and "Charge" them, Threatening Long "Prison" Sentences, Many being, in Addition, Immediately "Fired" or Obliged to "Resign" from their Job, in One (1) Day, through a Caricatural Version of "Neo-Maccarhysm"...(Explaining the Above-mentioned "Suicides" : Comp. Supra),

usa__armored_riot_police_at_capitol_cspan__eurofora_400 

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    while Debates on alleged Electoral Fraud/Irregularities, due to durate 6 X 2 = 12 Hours in Senate and the House (i.e. +24 Hours in all), are, in fact, Rapidly Cut Short in Only Less than an Hour, under Pretext of Entry of a Small Group of Demonstrators, Full of Infiltrated "AntiFa" Provocative Clowns, (Serving Dems' obvious Aim to Avoid Debating),

usa_military_weapons_at_capitol_eadn__eurofora_400 

usa_soldiers_at_capitol_fbc__eurofora_400 

    >>> Wouldn't it be Better, for All People involved, including for Real Democracy, if, instead of Divisive and Violent Conflict, provoking such a Bloody Mess, a Way was Found to Peacefully Associate those People into a kind of Participatory Democracy, where they could have at least an elementary  Dialogue with Politiciians, Before Final Decisions Affecting their Lives and/or Society at large ?, "Eurofora" Wondered, (Obviously referring to a Basic Version of our overall Project). - "Don't you have a Feeling that, in fact, a rare, Unique Chance for an Original "Rendez-Vous with a much Needed and Possible New Development on Democracy", was Misssed Nowadays at Washington DC ?", we asked.

    Our Topical Question was Addressed to Strasbourg University Professor, Chantal Cutajar, Head of an EU-Funded Network of Researchers in Public Law, and Experienced former Deputy Mayor of Strasbourg EuroMetropole, who has Notoriously speahEeaded the Group, (Including with "Eurofora"s Involvement, too), which prepared its "Pact for Participatory Democracy", quasi-Unanimously Adopted on 2019, (among Many others, See, f.ex., also ; ..., ...., + ..., etc).   

press_videoconference_prof_cutajar__agg__8_jan_2021_eurofora_400 

    Cutajar, (a former Centrist), was Speaking at a Press Conference of the "Engaged Citizens" New Party in Strasbourg, where "Eurofora" and other Journalists had been Invited,

    - Her immediate Aim is to Open "Citizens' Workshops" dedicated to the Creation of "a Chamber for Citizens' Participation".

    - "Because we have entered into a Phase of Profound Mutations", where, "withOut a Active and Responsible Participation of Citizens in Public Decisions which Affect their Future, it's Impossible to have a Peaceful Construction".

    * "It's Now Clear, and withOut any Doubt, that Social, Environmental and other Mutations, among Growing Health, Climate and Terrorism Challenges, provoke UnPrecedented Dangers to our "Living Together" Framework, (resumed in France as) "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity". In Fact, InEqualities aggravate, Boosting Social Movements, and Provoking the Surge of more and more Violent Events, expression of a Growing Popular Anger, where Peace is at Stake. So that we have to Seek Ways to Ensure our Future, and Guarantee Resilience"., she said.

    => In Consequnce, "Engaged Citizens'" Movement was Born from the Belief that this Situation is an Opportunity for Citizens to Forge the Trend We Want for our City, Region, Country and Europe", Cutajar Voluntaristicaly stressed, Enlarging the issue thoughout All Levels, "Because the (Governance) Models of the Past and of Today, appear UnAble to Prepare us for that New Reality", she Warned. Indeed, "in order to Ensure a Democracy Based on the Quest of the General Interest, on a Fearless Evaluation of Responses, while also Attracting Innovations, we Need a Real (New, 3rd) Chamber for Citizens' Participation : It's a Space for Building Consensus, ... Able to Mobilize the Greatest Number of Citizens, in order to <<Build Together>> the Fundamental Choices that we have, Already, to make" for the Future.

    Such a Move goes towards a Direction that "Eurofora" had Earlier Suggested to Professor Cutajar, in order to Put Citizens' previous Dialogue with Political Decision-Makers at the Base of a Modern Popular Movement, (See, among others, also : ..., etc).

    - For that purpose, f.ex., Each "Citizens' Workshop" should Result into a "Tool-Kit" Ready to Use on an Important, given Topical Issue, each time, she proposed, while Tracing a Preparatory Process to Build concretely a Design for such a New Mechanism, between January and March 2021, Before Launching a Wider Campaign for its General Adoption, Starting by Strabourg's City Level. At the MeanTime, in Parallel, "Citizens' Consultations" would provide an Opportunity for Individual or Grouped Citizens to Present also Various Concrete Cases, where Public or Private "Administrative Violence" might Affect their Rights as well as present a General Interest Issue, on which the Movement could Adopt a Proposal.

    >>> Even if the Current Base is situated at a Local Level, Nevertheless, the Movement Aims to Deal with All Relevant Issues "also at Regional, National, European, International or Global level", the "European Level being, Naturally, for us, very Important", Strasbourg University's Professor Cutajar Highlighted, in Reply to a Question by a Collegue Journalist.

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    => "Eurofora", Raising a "Hot Current Issue", which, Despite several Differences between France and the USA, (in the History of which, French People are actively Present, Already "Since the Era of Lafayette"), nevertheless, concerns the "Fundamental Matters" of "a New Era" that Professor Cutajar had Evoked (Comp. Supra), Pointed at "those Difficult Moments" that "we have all Just seen among our American Friends", in a "very Strange Phenomenon", when a lot of American People, partly from Various Horizons, went to Washington DC, Naively Aspiring, Rightfully or Wrongly, to Reach the US Congress, where certain Issues of Great Importance for all were due to be Discussed and Decided, (i.e. the Official Endorsement of those who would be Authorized to Choose the US President for 2021-2024), Even if US Citizens haveN't Yet Any Established Right to Participate on that, at least Until Now, Hoping to be Heard by their Elected Representatives, (as far as the Growing Controversy on the Nov. 3  Vote's alleged Fraude/Irregularities, in 6 "Swing" States, is concerned). There, under particular, Non-Elucidated yet Circumstances, some Provoked (from Various Sides) certain Negative Incidents, which made Even President Trump to "Thank" the People for their Support, But Ask them to Return, Now, Safely, "Home". And, Already, in the Recent Past, during former US President Obama, with Biden as Vice-Pres., ("Socialist"), they Notoriously Faced some very much "Harder" Social Clashes, Even among Their own Socio-Political Areas, f.ex. at Ferguson, etc, as We Reminded.  

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    - In order to Prevent such Problems, while Advancing towards the Horizon of Your Project, don't you think that, f.ex., the US Capitol's Building is Large Enough and able to Host Also a "3rd Chamber, for Citizens", f.ex. towards its Huge Garden, where we can Imagine that it could Welcome People, Both Favorable and Opposed to that Protestors' Demand, (Comp. Supra), in Any possible Way, Even by Video-Conference and/or Other Internet Links, etc., so that they would Express their Views, be Heard by Political Decision-Makers, and Receive a Reply, Easing more Peaceful Outcomes, Better manage such Socio-Political Situations, and Avoid such Problems ?, "Eurofora asked Cutajar.

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  => "Concerning Your ("Eurofora"s) Question", the Reply is :  - "Yes ! It's Exactly in the Area Where We Locate" our Movement, "Where we place Our Convictions", Strasbourg University Professor Cutajar Positively Replied.

    >>> - "I.e., We are in a Moment - which is True Both in France and Anywhere else (f.x. in the USA, etc - where an Exclusively <<Representative>> Democracy, is No More Able to Pacify the Social Relations", she observed.

    - "Simply, Because it's No More (really) Representative !"... "And, Because that so-called "Participative" Democracy, as it's set up here or there, is InSufficiently Participative", (i.e. does Not Give a Real Chance for Most People to fully Participate), she rightfully Criticized.

    =>"In Consequence, we are driven towards such <<Blocked>> Situations ! (as that of the US Congress' "Closed Doors" Policy of Jan. 6, Followed by Brutal Killings of Protestors, Suicides, Even of Policemen, Witch-Hunts, Massive Oppression Nationwide, Tens of Thousands of Heavily Armed Military and 7/7 Curfew, etc : Comp. Facts cited Supra).That's precisely the Reason for which, Against that, We, Want to Demonstrate", First, "Starting from a Local Level, (Comp. Supra), that a Democracy which Accepts a kind of <<Co-Building>> Among the relevant interested Parties, is The Solution !", she Explained.

    - "But", what is, sometimes, done, "f.ex. in France, to Randomly take 35 Citizens (i.e. by Lots) in order to Ask their Views on the Vaccine Policy, is Not the Right one" : "What should have been done, From the Beginning (i.e. Already Before Decisions are Taken), was to Associate Interested Citizens to the (Government's) Scientific Council, precisely as some of it's Members had Advised". Indeed, "Participation is Not Only to Consult some Persons in order to Ask for their Views, But it's, on the Contrary, to Give them a Responsibility, so that Everyone, from his own Position, has Something to Contribute : That's Our Credo, that we support. In that sens, I fully Agree with Your Analysis", Professor Cutajar concluded in her Main Reply to "Eurofora"s above-mentioned Question.

    + In Fact, "as they use to say on Psychanalysis, it's not enough to know only an Individual, because we must also have a Clear Idea of an Entire Society", observbed Earlier the Movement's vice-President Jean Laurent, adding later, that "We are Not Against the Institutions, But Try to Help them Function in a Better way".

    - Indeed, we have seen that almost Every time that Different Groups Meet Sincerely Together in order to Search Joint Solutions, according to the General Interest, at the End, they Often Manage to Surprize by Reaching Conclusions that Nobody had Guessed !", stressed Cutajar Optimisticaly...           

 


(../..)


("Draft-News")

    
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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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