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Home arrow newsitems arrow Elections' results: Austria to become the 5th EU Country with Unity of All the Right ?

Elections' results: Austria to become the 5th EU Country with Unity of All the Right ?

Written by ACM
Sunday, 15 October 2017

 austria_elections_2017_map_400


*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/-
After Norway, Denmark, Finland and Bulgaria (etc), Austria seems due to become the 5th EU Country with a New Government forged on the basis of a Unity among All the Political Parties of the Right, according to the Results of Today's Parliamentary Elections, which Surprized also by a quasi-Extinction of a degraded version of "Greens", and the Birth of a New one, Closer to the Right.

 

 austria_election_2017_results_votes_kurier__eurofora_400

 

Indeed, the Crystal-clear Winners are the Mainstream Right of ChristianDemocrats/EPP, headed by f. Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz, who Augment their Votes for + 7,5%, followed by the Rightists of the Freedom Party FPO, headed by Heinz-Christian Strache, who Grow for almost +6%.

 

rights_win_in_austria_seen_by_our_collegue_eurotopics_400


Despite a FPO Rightists' Lead in Austrian Polls, which had become Obvious already since 2014-2015-2016,...

 

austrian_2017_elections__rightists_of_fpo_400 

... nevertheless, ChristianDemocrat/EPP Leader Kurz Surprisingly managed, from the Middle of 2017, to Mark a sudden and Spectacular Upward Growth of his Party, enough in order to snatch the 1st Rank, regardless of a Last-Minute "come-back" of the Rightists, since last September 2017, which was Insufficient.

austrian_polls_evolution_between_2013__2017_wikipedia__eurofora_screenshot_400


Together, they can have a net Absolute Majority of about 58% of the Votes, (Composed for 31,5% by the ChristianDemocrats/EPP, and about 26,5% by the Rightists of FPO), with 113 MPs (62 + 51, respectively) out of a Total of 183.

 

austria_election_2017__results_in_mps_wikipedia_400

 

 

On the Contrary, the Socialists remained Stagnant, staying at their Previous score of 26% and something, (i.e. Lower than in the Past), reportedly Heading towards the Opposition.

+ Another, smaller but real Growth of +0,3 % was added also to the Center-Right "NEOS" Party, (set up by an Atypical f. Businessman), which reached 5,3% of the Votes.


But, the "Greens", (co-headed by EU Parliament's MEP Ulrike Lunacek), Surprisingly, Fell so Low, this time, that they Don't even get Any MP at all !

 

austrian_newspaper_krones_view_of_lunaceks_greens_debacle_eurofora_screenshot_400


From almost 12,5% that they had before, they Fall now, indeed, Down to Only ...3,8%, (a Loss of -8,6% !), i.e. Lower than the Threshold of 4% needed in order to Participate at the Parliament, with Sweeping Changes in their Leadership expected...


>>> The main cause seems to be the UnExpected, but Spectacular Birth of anOther Ecology-oriented, New Party, headed by Former "Green" MP, Peter Pilz, who Succeeded to win almost 4,5% of the Votes, (and get 8 MPs).


Before that, the "Green" Party (of Lunacek's also Heavily pro-"LBGTI" Agenda, etc), had Rejected Pilz' candidacy for the fourth place in its list, and had even Refused him to present another candidacy for the sixth place...


But Pilz succeeded, (by hastily Creating a brand New Party, with Only 4 Members !), even to Bypass the "Greens", apparently on the basis of a Program quite Strict, vis a vis Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants, who Tresspassed into Europe as an UnPrecedented, Giant "Tsunami" through Turkey, of More than, 1,5 Millions of People, since 2015-2016+, which is considered as Similar to what Currently is the Official Position of the CDU/CSU Governing Parties in Germany.

 

 austrian_elections_2017__new_pilz_party_eurofora_screenshot_400

 

+ In Addition, Pilz reportedly is, also, very Critical vis a vis Turkey's regime, prefering, instead, to Boost Support towards the Kurds and other oppressed Minorities, as well as to Cooperate in the Middle East with Jordany, and other Trustworthy Allies against Deadly Islamist Terrorism, for Peace, etc.

 
Such "New" Positions on "Hot" Topical Issues, apparently Explains, at least partly, also the Spectacular phenomenon of a Fast and Huge "Shift" made by Many People f.ex. in Wien City, (a stronghold of the Left), who Left the "Greens" of Ms Lunacek with - 10,2% Less Votes, , while, on the Contrary, Pilz's party Won, there, ...the Biggest Growth of Votes from All Political Parties in Austria (See relevant Graphics), by Getting + 7,5% of Votes for the First Time !

 austria_election_2017__wien_results_show_big_greens_loss__big_pilz_win_400

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=> These New Political Facts could serve, in one way or anoher, in the forthcoming EU Summit, Next Week in Brussels, (19-20 October 2017), where the Heads of State/Government have included in their Agenda also Turkey.


The Brussels' EU Summit is preceeded, as usual, also by a previous, ChristianDemocrat/EPP Summit, earlier the 1st Day, where Kurz might usefully patricipate, if there is enough Time.


At any case, if Kurz heads a Coalition Government together with the FPO's Rightists, (i.e. Stracher and possibly Hofer, who had been Close to Win the Presidential Elections in Austria, back on 2015, before Missing slightly his target, snatched, on the Contrary, by Van der Bellen from the "Greens", with a Wider support), then, he shall Not be Alone :


 - Indeed, Nowadays, he would be at least the 5th Head of State/Government to do so, since Austria could simply Follow the previous, but Recent Examples f.ex. of Norway, Denmark, Finland, Bulgaria, etc.


All those Countries are due to play an Important Role at a European or PanEuropean level in the Forhcoming Months or Years :


F.ex., shortly after German Chancellor Angie Merkel surprized by declaring, recently, that her "Favorite" Head of State/Government is ...Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg, (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/2017germanelectionresults.html), Denmark is due to take over CoE's rotating Presidency, for the period of November 2017 - May 2018, soon in Strasbourg.


+ Finland is expected to Follow, later-on,  at the CoE's Head, immediately Afterwards (i.e. from May up to November 2018.


** While Bulgaria will take over EU's rotating Presidency, from January up to June 2018, (See, amog others, also Ibid).


°°° As for Austria, it already Holds now OSCE's rotating Annual Presidency for 2017, and is due to Host a relevant Summit on December this year.


=> So that Sebastian Kurz's interestig Statements also on the need tp solve the Ukranian problem, and the Huge Prospects of an ambitious EU - Russia cooperation, from Portugal to Vladivostok, in the foreseeable Future, might Help to have some very Interesting PanEuropean Developments asap.

 

(../..)

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
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    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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