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Home arrow newsitems arrow French Top Law Professor Waline to EF: No more 1969 or EU 2005-like Constitutional Referenda in 2019

French Top Law Professor Waline to EF: No more 1969 or EU 2005-like Constitutional Referenda in 2019

Written by ACM
Saturday, 29 September 2018

president_jean_waline_speaking_at_republicans_summer_university_2018_strasbourg_eurofora_400
 

*Strasbourg/RPUniversity 2018/Angelo Marcopolo/- Having still in mind what had happened with the Rejection of EU's 2005 Referendum for a European Constitution, but also Earlier, on 1969 in De Gaulle's France, a new Referendum would not solve the problems for a Parliamentary adoption of an Exceptionaly Important, but Controversial Reform of the French Constitution Now (most probably on 2019), agreed, in Reply to a relevant "Eurofora"s Question, a well known Top Legal Expert on Public Law in France, former President of the Internatonal Human Rights' Instituite "René Cassin", Strasbourg University's Professor emeritus and former President of the University, Jean Waline, Nowadays Author of one of the most Popular Manual Books in French Administrative Law, (See also Infra).


He had just given the Concluding Lecture at the Annual "Summer University" 2018 of the Mainstream, Center-Right Opposition Party in France, that of the "Republicans", (Founded by Sarkozy, as successor of Chirac's  "UMP/RPR", etc), for Strasbourg's Region, at a Collective Meeting Yesterday Evening, (where "Eurofora" had been Invited for Press coverage, by the main Organiser, vice-President of Lower-Rhine's Department, responsible for Strasbourg, and former MP, Jean-Philippe Maurer, as well as the "Republicans"' regional Secretary General, Mayor Georges Schuler).

President Jean Waline, (Son of a Famous Figure in the History of Legal Science in Europe, Marcel Waline, one of the First to Criticize the Vichy regime's Collaboration with the NAZI Military Invasion and Occupation, during the 2nd World War since 1942, and a firm Gaulliste, a spiritual Father of the "Individual Liberties" Doctrine expressed in the current, 1958 French Constitution's Article 66 about the Protection of Liberty by ordinary Judges), reminded, by the way, that, Paradoxically, "it was a Parliament dominated by the so-called "Popular Front" (Left) which Transfered Governing Powers to (NAZI Collaborator) Petain" in that Shady Past...


But, the Academician Marcel Waline had also Published Original Insights in so Various but Key Socio-Political Issues, going from "Philosophical, Legal and Sociological Positivism", (1933, repub. 1993), and ..."the Proletariat, in nowadays Society" (1946), up to the "Parliament, Government and Political Parties according to Democracy" (1955 : a Prefiguration of what became the Current French Constitution since 1958), as well as a Huge Number of pertinent Legal Comments on Administrative Judges' Case-Law about manifold Topical Cases, (later Compiled by his Son in a Series of 3 Books published on 2004 - 2007), that President Jean Waline, notoriously Characterized by a Sharp Political Feeling, certainly wouldn't underestimate the Various Aspects of this Macron-proposed Constitutional Reform :


- Thus, f.ex., he did not Hide at all the Fact that the Rightist Populist Party of "National Rally", (formerly "National Front"), might get, (with the Constitutional Reform introducing a part of Proportional System, as planned by New French President Emmanuel Macron), much More MPs in the Next Parliamentary Elections, while, until Now, that Population of more than "1/5th" of the Voters that they usually Represent, Has Not at all an Equivalent Number of MPs in the French National Assembly, where it's almost practicaly non-existent, (compared to Other Parties), as he reminded.


+ But, at the Same Time, the proposed Constitutional Reforms, also contain a Number of Various Other Provisions, which often Diminish or Curtail MPs' Rights, such as, f.ex., a Sharp Cut in the Total Number of MPs, Restrictions in the Number of Amendments raised by an MP, of his/her Speaking Time, Easier procedure for Censuring Laws by the Constitutional Court, Shorter Time for a Compromise Deal between Assembly and Senate in case of Disagreeement, Governemental Interventions in fixing the Parliament's Agenda, etc., Jean Waline critically observed, inter alia.


=> Thertefore, the main Question raised is Whether a Majority of MPs might be Found, or not, in order to Adopt a Package of Constitutional Reforms which mainly Diminish MPs' own Rights, to the point to be considered as "Anti-Parliamentary" : - Why should they ? he Wondered.


- But, in Fact, as things stand, Political Parties are, practically, the only Bodies allowed to Fund MP's expenses for Electoral Campaigns, etc, and, therefore, can still exert an Important Influence, in real practice, on them, Waline went on to observe. And this might, indeed, be a Decisive Factor able to Influence MPs' Behavior, he realistically concluded.

 

president_jean_waline_making_a_point_republicans_summer_university_2018_strasbourg_eurofora_400 


=> Therefore, Waline didn't hesitate when "Eurofora" raised the Question if he believed Rumours according to which, the current Government might, eventually, find Easier and Safer to Adopt such Constitutional Amendments through a Popular Referendum, instead of a Parliamentary Vote, or not. And this, Despite the Fact that, as it has notoriously happened, already, with the famous Majority "No" (in France, Netherlands and Ireland, etc) to the 2005-2007 Euro-Referenda on a Draft EU Constitution, mainly Because of EU Citizens' Opposal to Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU bid, (which was parallely evolving during that same periodp of time) : A Similar phenomenon to what might happen, mutatis-mutandis, also time, his (given, f.ex., some People's Opposition to this or that aspect of the current Government's overall Policies.


>>> Indeed, he immediately Agreed with "Eurofora"s above-mentioned, Critical Observation, and stressed that, often, Popular Referenda are Not politicaly Reliable Mechanisms, precisely "because many People Vote "No" for any Other Reasons whatever, Different from that for which a Referendum was made"...


=> In Consequence, in such a case, a Referendum is quite "UnThinkable", and even "Not Possible", Jean Waline Concluded in substance, Replying to the above-mentioned "Eurofora'"s Question, (Comp. Supra).

 

- At any case, it will be interesting to see what will really happen, when those Constitutional Amendments will be officially Tabled, "probably on January 2019", i.e., by an Irony of the sort, ...just after the 1958 Constitution's 60th Anniversary this year of 2018, Waline highlighted, with a smile...

 

(../..)
 


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(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora"'s Subscribers/Donors, Earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be Published asap).
 


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 politkovskaya_gongadze_adali_400

Hu Jia's prize brings SAKHAROV's wife to "EuroFora" on murders of Journalists Politkofskaya, Gongadze and Adali :

- Elena Bonner : "All Journalists' murders must be fully investigated", without Double Standards.                                                                                    

During a special Mega-Event to celebrate 20 Years of SAKHAROV Prize for "Freedom of Thought", attributed in 2008 by EU Parliament to jailed Chinese Cyber-Dissident Hu JIA, the move was reinforced by strongly criticizing the persisting impunity in three cases of Journalists' Murders, such as POLITKOVSKAYA in Russia, GONGADZE in Ukraine, and ADALI in Turkish-occupied part of Cyprus.

Any bureaucratic doubt about whether Cyber-dissidents like Hu JIA might have, or not, a right to be protected as all Journalists must be, particularly when they take risks to search, find and publish original and critical News on issues of general interest to the society, could not resist to the emotion provoked by the message of his Wife, Zeng JINYAN spectacularly transmitted at a big screen in EU Parliament's hemicycle :

- "The most important and most interesting thing he did was to ... say the Truth :.. to write about the phenomena he observed... He never stopped Publishing.. on websites, so that the Public could learn about the reality .. and understand it.  In my view, this has been his greatest contribution", stressed the young wife of the jailed man, eager to cite also the cases of other critical journalists who faced various kinds of "harassment".

 - "Welcoming all those who have suffered for defending Human Rights", EU Parliament's President, German MEP Hans Gert POETTERING, who had invited to Strasbourg all former Sakharov prize-winners from various Countries throughout the World, said that "China needs Europe, and Europe needs China : A great nation" with which "we want to have a good relationship", "association and ..friendship". "But we are never going to stop our fight for Human Rights, and No Government can expect this from us".

    - "It's impossible  to achieve goals of Peace, if Human Rights are left out. In fact, Peace and Human Rights are intrinsequaly linked", added POETTERING.

    It's in this spirit that MEPs adopted, on Thursday, a Resolution denouncing that "the criminal
investigation and trial following the murder of (a) Journalist ...raises serious concerns with regard to transparency and respect for the rule of law", when a "brutal killing has not yet been fully investigated and solved in a satisfactory way".

    The text refered to dissident Journalist "Anna POLITOVSKAYA", a critic of Tchechen conflict, killed some years ago in Moscow, where Russian Authorities have found, arrested and are currently judging two executants, while also searching to arrest also a 3rd one, allegedly escaped in Belgium. But they have not yet found the instigators.

     Similar texts were adopted recently also on dissident Ukranian Journalist Georgiy GONGADZE's murder, for which Ukranian Authorities have at least found, arrested and condemned 2 executants to 12 and 13 Years of jail, but not yet the instigators. For that purpose, they recently accepted an International Experts team to participate to the investigations.     

But, it's only for the Murder of dissident Turkish Cypriot Journalist ADALI, in the occupied territories of Cyprus, that Turkey has NOT yet found ANYONE responsible, and even claimed recently inside CoE that it would be "impossible" to do so !    

These astonishing differences exist despite the fact that ECHR condemned alike Ukraine and Turkey with 2 Judgements on the same year : 2005, for the murders of  Journalists GONGADZE and ADALI, strong critics of Corruption in Ukraine, and of Ankara's policies on mass-influx of Turkish Settlers in the Occupied Territories of Cyprus, respectively.    

Regarless of that, CoE's Committee of Ministers, who is entrusted with the duty to supervise execution of ECHR's judgements, has just asked Ukraine's Government to reply to further questions on Gongadze's murder before March 2009, while Turkey, curiously, got a longer postponement for answering questions on Adali's murder, until June...   

A comparison of these cases, raises serious questions about Double Standards :

------------------------

On TRANSPARENCY :
--------------------------
    On Gongadze's murder, CoE's body speaks even about the participation of
"an INTERNATIONAL group of Experts" in the Investigation, (f.ex. of "Tape Recordings"), accepted by Ukraine.
    On the contrary, on Adali's murder, CoE is obliged to repeatedly ask (for a 2nd
time) Turkey whether, at least, it informed the victims' Family, or not...
------------------------------
- On EFFICIENCY :
-----------------------
On Gongadze's murder, CoE formally "recalls that the Committee (of Ministers) ..URGED the Ukranian authorities.. to TAKE ALL NECESSARY INVESTIGATIVE STEPS TO ACHIEVE CONCRETE and VISIBLE RESULTS in the INVESTIGATION, aimed at the Identification of the INSTIGATORS and Organisers of the Murder", and "STRONGLY INVITED the Ukranian Authorities to provide information on the PROGRESS IN THE INVESTIGATION", before MARCH 2009.

But, on Adali's murder, on the contrary, CoE's body merely .. "took note" of the "arguments presented by" Cyprus, which denounce the absence of any proof of new "investigation" by Turkey. Following Turkey's own suggestion (!), it simply "noted" that there is "no limitation period" for "any new element" to "lead potentialy (sic !) to a Re-Opening of the Investigation". Without saying who might find any such "new" fact, since Turkey stoped searching... It also POSTPONED the issue until .. JUNE  !
-----------------------
 - On the PUNISHMENT OF THOSE RESPONSIBLE :
----------------------
 -  On Gongadze's murder case, Ukranian Authorities already arrested and condemned, at least 2 suspects, to 12 and 13 Years of jail. And on Politkovskaya's murder at least 2 suspects are judged, and a 3rd one "wanted".

On the contrary, on Adali's murder case, the Turkish authorities simply claim that "it had not been possible to obtain new .. information .. on the basis of which criminal charges could be brought against ANY person" !...

Moreover,  a LETTER sent by Turkey ...2 Years after CoE's 2006 call to re-investigate anew Adali's murder case, is totally EMPTY of Facts ! As Cypus' Delegation denounced earlier, Turkey's Letter ONLY CLAIMS that a "New Investigation" was made without any result, but does NOT even cite ANY FACT to prove it :

F.ex.,on the crucial issue of the "MOTIVATIONS" behind Adali's murder, noted by ECHR, Turkey MERELY CLAIMS that "all allegations  were investigated; without result", but OMITS ANY FACT TO PROVE IT !..(It doesn't even remind which were these "allegations").. .

+ On ECHR's astonishment that the Turkish Occupation regime didn't produce any "BALLISTIC REPORT" on the Shots which murdered Adali, Turkey again repeats, 12 years later, that, still, even until now, "it  was not possible to obtain the BalisticReport"...

- As for the astonishing absence of key-WITNESSES' Testimonies, denounced by ECHR, Turkey agains repeats various pretexts avoiding to reveal anything, (Fex. that a person "left" the Occupied Territories  "on 2002", or that another witness was heard, but without revealing nothing of what he said, etc).

Turkey obviously "FAILS TO MEET THE CRITICISM made BY THE COURT" for lack of any efficient Investigation in Adali's case, concluded Cyprus' Government.
---------------------------------------------
Replying to our Question which COMPARED these 3 outstanding cases of "JOURNALISTS MURDERS", Adali, Gongadze and Politkovskaya, in order to avoid "Double Standards" by asking from Ukraine and Russia more than what is asked EU candidate Turkey, many European personalities were critical /

They criticised Ankara's recent claim at the CoE to stop investigating, because it would be "impossible to find anyone" responsible for the 5 bullet shots which killed Kutlu ADALI in front of his Family Home, contrary to the other two Journalists' murders, where Ukraine and Russia at least arrested the executants, searching now for the instigators :
----------------------------------

imag0103_400

    - "Where was that ? In Turkish Occupied Cyprus ? WITHOUT ANY DOUBT : Any murder of Journalist should be investigated in full ! All these Murders must be investigated !", replied the famous SAKHAROV's wife, Elena BONNER to our question on Adali's case, compared to Gongadze and Politofskaya.

    Elena Bonner spoke us EXCLUSIVELY shortly after being honored by the President
of EU Parliament on the occasion of 20 Years of her husband's SAKHAROV Prize.

    A strong personality, Sakharov's wife even had to struggle against an anonymous EU staffer who, astonishingly, tried to stop her speaking when h heard our question on "Turkey" (!) : - "Please, let me translate, she continues
speaking, don't stop us !", had to cry Sakharov's daughter, (a Journalist
herself), who was translating her mothers' reply, (obliged to speak louder to
make her voice heard despite the harassment).. (= + Audio Proof !)

    Earlier, Elena Bonner also fustigated "Double Standards" at another case, on
Western countries' attitude vis a vis Kosovo and the Kurds : -F.ex. "You have
recognized a few 400.000 Kosovars as an "independent" country, but you still
deny that to 30 millions of Kurds in Turkey !", she denounced.
-----------------------------
    - "This (ADALI's murder) is an issue which should be pursued by the Committee
for Human Rights. That's why we have one, and it's its duty to examine cases of
Journalists' murders as the one you referred to. You should bring the case in
front of that Committee", suggested in reply to our question on Adali, EU
Parliament's President, German MEP Hans Gert POETTERING.

    - "It's impossible  to achieve goals of PEACE, if HUMAN RIGHTS are left out :
in fact, Peace and Human Rights are intrinsequaly linked", added POETTERING.
--------------------------------------
    + "For us (European/International Federation of Journalists) it's clear :
Whenever a Journalist is Murdered, the Investigation should continue until
those Responsible are found !", replied earlier to another question on ADALI
EFJ/IFJ's Secretary General, Aidan WHITE.

    Speaking as a matter of General Principle, White asked us for "concrete data"
on the execution of ECHR's judgement on Adali case, in order to "look at it in
depth" and "make a formal statement", in comparison with the other Murdered
Journalist case, also pending at CoE's  Ministers for completing its execution,
on Ukranian Gongadze.
----------------------------------------------------
     From EU Rapporteur on Human Rights, vice-President of EU Parliament Liberties' Committee, MEP Giusto CATANIA, we were told that, since there is an ECHR judgement in both Adali and Gongadge's cases, "Turkey must naturally execute the judgement and make a full and efficient investigation, until those responsible for the Journalist's murder are found and punished".

    Even if "we (Catania's "EuroLeft" Group) support Turkey's EU perspectives, this does not mean that Ankara should not behave properly. On the contrary, it means that they have to meet tough conditions, particularly on Human Rights", was added on the occasion of Adali's murder case.

    Moreover, "since you raise the issue of Mr. Adali's muder as a part of a Series of Journalist's murders, including fex. Gongadze, Politkovskaya, ao., tthen we (EU) could also act together with CoE's Commissioner on Human Rights, Thomas HAMMARBERG, it was suggested.

    - "We (EU) must step up efforts against the problem of IMPUNITY : Real Peace cannot exist without Justice",  stressed also this week at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, French Minister on Human Rights, Mrs Rama YADE.
------------------------
                     

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