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Home arrow newsitems arrow French Top Law Professor Waline to EF: No more 1969 or EU 2005-like Constitutional Referenda in 2019

French Top Law Professor Waline to EF: No more 1969 or EU 2005-like Constitutional Referenda in 2019

Written by ACM
Saturday, 29 September 2018

president_jean_waline_speaking_at_republicans_summer_university_2018_strasbourg_eurofora_400
 

*Strasbourg/RPUniversity 2018/Angelo Marcopolo/- Having still in mind what had happened with the Rejection of EU's 2005 Referendum for a European Constitution, but also Earlier, on 1969 in De Gaulle's France, a new Referendum would not solve the problems for a Parliamentary adoption of an Exceptionaly Important, but Controversial Reform of the French Constitution Now (most probably on 2019), agreed, in Reply to a relevant "Eurofora"s Question, a well known Top Legal Expert on Public Law in France, former President of the Internatonal Human Rights' Instituite "René Cassin", Strasbourg University's Professor emeritus and former President of the University, Jean Waline, Nowadays Author of one of the most Popular Manual Books in French Administrative Law, (See also Infra).


He had just given the Concluding Lecture at the Annual "Summer University" 2018 of the Mainstream, Center-Right Opposition Party in France, that of the "Republicans", (Founded by Sarkozy, as successor of Chirac's  "UMP/RPR", etc), for Strasbourg's Region, at a Collective Meeting Yesterday Evening, (where "Eurofora" had been Invited for Press coverage, by the main Organiser, vice-President of Lower-Rhine's Department, responsible for Strasbourg, and former MP, Jean-Philippe Maurer, as well as the "Republicans"' regional Secretary General, Mayor Georges Schuler).

President Jean Waline, (Son of a Famous Figure in the History of Legal Science in Europe, Marcel Waline, one of the First to Criticize the Vichy regime's Collaboration with the NAZI Military Invasion and Occupation, during the 2nd World War since 1942, and a firm Gaulliste, a spiritual Father of the "Individual Liberties" Doctrine expressed in the current, 1958 French Constitution's Article 66 about the Protection of Liberty by ordinary Judges), reminded, by the way, that, Paradoxically, "it was a Parliament dominated by the so-called "Popular Front" (Left) which Transfered Governing Powers to (NAZI Collaborator) Petain" in that Shady Past...


But, the Academician Marcel Waline had also Published Original Insights in so Various but Key Socio-Political Issues, going from "Philosophical, Legal and Sociological Positivism", (1933, repub. 1993), and ..."the Proletariat, in nowadays Society" (1946), up to the "Parliament, Government and Political Parties according to Democracy" (1955 : a Prefiguration of what became the Current French Constitution since 1958), as well as a Huge Number of pertinent Legal Comments on Administrative Judges' Case-Law about manifold Topical Cases, (later Compiled by his Son in a Series of 3 Books published on 2004 - 2007), that President Jean Waline, notoriously Characterized by a Sharp Political Feeling, certainly wouldn't underestimate the Various Aspects of this Macron-proposed Constitutional Reform :


- Thus, f.ex., he did not Hide at all the Fact that the Rightist Populist Party of "National Rally", (formerly "National Front"), might get, (with the Constitutional Reform introducing a part of Proportional System, as planned by New French President Emmanuel Macron), much More MPs in the Next Parliamentary Elections, while, until Now, that Population of more than "1/5th" of the Voters that they usually Represent, Has Not at all an Equivalent Number of MPs in the French National Assembly, where it's almost practicaly non-existent, (compared to Other Parties), as he reminded.


+ But, at the Same Time, the proposed Constitutional Reforms, also contain a Number of Various Other Provisions, which often Diminish or Curtail MPs' Rights, such as, f.ex., a Sharp Cut in the Total Number of MPs, Restrictions in the Number of Amendments raised by an MP, of his/her Speaking Time, Easier procedure for Censuring Laws by the Constitutional Court, Shorter Time for a Compromise Deal between Assembly and Senate in case of Disagreeement, Governemental Interventions in fixing the Parliament's Agenda, etc., Jean Waline critically observed, inter alia.


=> Thertefore, the main Question raised is Whether a Majority of MPs might be Found, or not, in order to Adopt a Package of Constitutional Reforms which mainly Diminish MPs' own Rights, to the point to be considered as "Anti-Parliamentary" : - Why should they ? he Wondered.


- But, in Fact, as things stand, Political Parties are, practically, the only Bodies allowed to Fund MP's expenses for Electoral Campaigns, etc, and, therefore, can still exert an Important Influence, in real practice, on them, Waline went on to observe. And this might, indeed, be a Decisive Factor able to Influence MPs' Behavior, he realistically concluded.

 

president_jean_waline_making_a_point_republicans_summer_university_2018_strasbourg_eurofora_400 


=> Therefore, Waline didn't hesitate when "Eurofora" raised the Question if he believed Rumours according to which, the current Government might, eventually, find Easier and Safer to Adopt such Constitutional Amendments through a Popular Referendum, instead of a Parliamentary Vote, or not. And this, Despite the Fact that, as it has notoriously happened, already, with the famous Majority "No" (in France, Netherlands and Ireland, etc) to the 2005-2007 Euro-Referenda on a Draft EU Constitution, mainly Because of EU Citizens' Opposal to Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU bid, (which was parallely evolving during that same periodp of time) : A Similar phenomenon to what might happen, mutatis-mutandis, also time, his (given, f.ex., some People's Opposition to this or that aspect of the current Government's overall Policies.


>>> Indeed, he immediately Agreed with "Eurofora"s above-mentioned, Critical Observation, and stressed that, often, Popular Referenda are Not politicaly Reliable Mechanisms, precisely "because many People Vote "No" for any Other Reasons whatever, Different from that for which a Referendum was made"...


=> In Consequence, in such a case, a Referendum is quite "UnThinkable", and even "Not Possible", Jean Waline Concluded in substance, Replying to the above-mentioned "Eurofora'"s Question, (Comp. Supra).

 

- At any case, it will be interesting to see what will really happen, when those Constitutional Amendments will be officially Tabled, "probably on January 2019", i.e., by an Irony of the sort, ...just after the 1958 Constitution's 60th Anniversary this year of 2018, Waline highlighted, with a smile...

 

(../..)
 


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(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora"'s Subscribers/Donors, Earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be Published asap).
 


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Former "Green-Red" German government's Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer's job at the controversial Turkish pipeline "Nabucco" was denounced as "not proper", "very bad", and "incompatible with Democracy", by the new President of EU Parliament's EuroLeft Group, German Lothar Bisky, replying to an "EuroFora" question.

For once, criticism of Joschka Fischer's doings with Turkey affecting Europe, didn't come only from the Center-Right of the political spectrum, but even from his Left side : The experienced Bisky, who has been chairing all over 1993-2009 the PDS - Die Linke party :  

- "Former Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer got involved in dealings with oil-gaz business in a foreign country, Turkey, and its controversial Nabucco pipeline. This raises questions about Democracy, also because of the well known problems of Human Rights violations in that country. Do you thing that this might be abused in order to cover up and close EU's eyes on Human Rights violations ?", "EuroFora" asked Bisky.

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- "Nabucco pipeline is (only) at the planning stage". And "there are some difficulties",  he observed from the start. But "'I don't want to get into the details of Nabucco pipeline, because I don't think that there is any point for it at the moment".
 
At any case,  "we  (EU Parliament's EuroLeft Group) strongly believe that Politicians should not get involved in the Energy Business, and all these commercial transactions", President Bisky declared on the Joschka Fiischer's affair.

- "We feel that it's something that shouldn't be done. It's not proper !"           

- "We don't think that it's compatible with Democracy either, and it gets politics into a very Bad track", Bisky went on to denounce.
                                                                                                                                                                        
- "EuroLeft  and "Die Linke" always spoke against that, saying that politicians should not get directly into the arms of private enterprises"

- "It is pretty bad if a former Minister takes a job f.ex. in a major Energy producer. So, it's an issue if a Minister who may have seen excellent opportunities, subsequently gets personally grasp of them, in very serious parts of the economy, once he has given up his (Government) job."

- "It doesn't really make politics in general look any better'", Bisky concluded.

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Earlier, this week in Strasbourg, other Journalists had also raised critical questions on former Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer's involvement in the conroversial Turkish Nabucco pipeline to the President of his own EuroParty : Kohn-Bendit of the "Greens", who, contrary to Bisky, tried to find excuses for Fischer, while criticizing his long-time partner, Schroeder for having done a similar move :

- "Shroeder was chancellor", and he "negociated" with "Russians", who gave him a job only "3 Months" after he resigned from the Government. While "Joschka Fischer", on the contrary, got a job with the controversial Turkish Nabucco pipeline only "4 Years after" he left the Government. "He didn't negociate Nabucco", so I have "no objection", Kohn Bendit claimed.

But, many Facts indicate the contrary :

Joschka Fischer was Foreign Minister in Germany from 1999 up to 2005 : I.e. from the year that EU took the controversial decision to give Turkey a "Candidate" status, until he year it started controversial "accession negotiations, (later declared "open-ended" after Sarkozy-Merkel's arrival from 2005-2007).

During that period was prepared the controversial so-called "Annan" Plan (in fact, drafted by others and attributed afterwards to the former UN SG) on Cyprus, which failed after a Popular Referendum said "No" on 2004 with a large Majoriy of 3/4 : 75%. Mainly because it was criticized for making too much concessions to the Turkish side :  Particularly by restricting Greek Cypriot Refugees' Human Right to return to their ancestral Land and/or get restitution of their Familiy Homes and private properties, usurpated by Ankara's Army since the 1974 militay invasion and continuing occupation of the northern part of Cyprus. And by weakening the Central Government, leaving to 2 "constituent States" so much powers and separate interests that more conflicts appeared inevitable, provoking the danger of a break-down in the foreseable future, with more crisis, troubles, perhaps bloodshed, etc., instead of creating an harmoniously integrated, really one federal State.

The controversial Plan was finalized on March-April 2004 at Burgenstock (Switzerland), curiously in the presence of an Envoy by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Germany, then governed by Joschka Fischer, but in the absence of a French and not even an European Union's Envoy, contrary to what was usually practiced on similar occasions in Switzerland (fex. in 1997 at Montreux, in 2000 at Geneva, etc).

Turkey notoriously exploited the failure of the "Annan" Plan in order to convince the EU to decide to start accession Negotiations on December 2004. This provoked an unprecedented series of Institutional Crisis inside the EU, shortly afterwards, when French and Dutch People rejected, 2 popular EuroReferenda by a majority "'No" vote to the EU Constitutional Treaty on 2005, aggraveted in 2004 a Majority Abstention to EU Elections, etc., followed by the recent Irish "No", etc.

"Nabucco" Gas pipeline was notoriously planned since ..2002. It follows an even earlier idea, for an Oil pipeline Baku-Ceyhun, which started to be prepared on 1999-2001 and was meanwhile recently completed.  

So, facts indicate that what is now at stake is based on decisions made during Joschka Fischer's term as former Foreign Minister, closely interested in Turkey's controversial EU-bid.

To the point that he now practically ...switched jobs with a poliician from Turkey, (the State which pays today openly Joschka Fischer), Mr. Ozdemir, who came earlier in Germany, got fast the nationality, and became EiuroMP in a few years, continuing now as head of the "Greens" in Germany, i.e. in Joschka's former job !...

Such astonishing facts risk, unfotunately, to give to German politician Lothar Bisky's criticism of  representative Democracy a topical meaning :

 - "We (EuroLeft Group) think that what is really at stake is Democracy. It's not only about Gas Pipelines or Energy sources", President Lothar Bisky went on to add in his reply to "EuroFora"'s question on Joscka Fischer's personal interests in the controversial Turkish "Nabuco" pipeline.

Such facts, "make People get more distance from Politics. ...People had had enough, and they are fed up !".

- "That's why we (EuroParliament's "EuroLeft" Group) want to strengthen Direct Democracy in Europe. Citizens should be involved in the (EU) Decision-making. In the end of the day, it's not going to help anyone if Politicians are always taking decisions, without involving Citizens. We want to give a voice to the People of Europe. They've got to have their say in the decisions that are taken. That's one of our absolutely fixed and steadfast views. We want more Direct Democracy in Europe. That's how it can become more effective and stronger", he concluded.

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