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Home arrow newsitems arrow Merkel at EU Summit : High Representative Mogherini got Mandate for International action on Libya

Merkel at EU Summit : High Representative Mogherini got Mandate for International action on Libya

Written by ACM
Thursday, 23 April 2015
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*Angelo Marcopolo/- Probably, one of the most Important and far-reaching, concrete Results of Today's exceptional EU Heads of State/Government's Summit in Brussels, is that a "Mandate" was given to EU's High Representative, Federica Mogherini, for International Action on Libya, as German Chancelor, Angie Merkel, pointed out, in replay to Press Questions, which seem to imply a UN SC involvement, and, therefore, necessary deals with USA, Russia and China, etc :
 
In order to efficiently Fight against Mass -Smugglong of irregular Immigrants and/or Asylum Seekers accross the Mediterranean, the German Chancelor was asked if she found necessary to "think about Destroying Smuggling Boats" preventively, probably "with Military means".


- Merkel did not exclude that : - "I have thought about Destruction of Boats", she started to reply, but, adding that she had "also" throught "about Seizure of Assets, Detection of Networks, and other such" means to Fight against Smugglers.


>>> However,  as a matter of General Principle, "for Any kind of Military Action" in Libya, "a Basis on International Law is needed at first", Chancelor Merkel stressed.
=> In this regard, "the existing Possibilities are, basically, Two : Either via a UN Security Council Resolution, or we through a Unified Government in Libya", with which EU could deal, as with all other Transit Countries.


- But, "at Present, Both are Not yet there", she regretted. "That's why the EU High Representative" for External Action, i.e. EU Commission's vice-President, Federica Mogherini, former Foreign Minister of Italy, "has, of course, to take Action, now", Merkel pointed out.


=> For that purpose, "We (EU Summit) have given her a Mandate to explore the field", the German Chancelor concluded.


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 >>> Indeed, at the Official collective "Statement" of this Exceptional Brussels' EU Summit, the Heads of State/Government from 28 EU Member States stressed from the outset that, among their "Decisions" in order "to Strengthen our (EU's) Presence at Sea",  and "Fight the Traffickers", as well as "Prevent illegal Migration Flows", is, precisely, to "Actively Support all UN-led efforts towards establishing Government Authority in Libya".


+ Moreover, "we (EU) shall also Step Up efforts to Adresss Conflict and Instability, as key Push Factors of Migration", in general, not only there, but also, "including in Syria", the Official EU Statement added.


=> Naturally, both such Moves need mainly Coordination between EU and USA, as well as Russia, China, and other players among UN SC's 5 Permanent Members, as well as ordinary members, which might allow to forge an adequate Majority for relevant decisions, and that's probably one of the reasons for which Mogherini is due to Start, Next Week, from visiting, after an International event at Ukraine, also the USA, Canada, etc.


------------------------------------------


+ Meanwhile, it's also EU President, former Prime Minister of Poland, Donald Tusk, who added, in his Press Statements, that, indeed,  EU "Leaders have asked the High Representative", Federica Mogherini, "to propose Actions in order to Capture and Destroy the Smugglers' Vessels, Before they can be used"


- "Naturally, this will be in line with International Law and respect for Human Rights", and, in parallel "We (EU) will step up co-operation against smuggling Networks by working through "EuroPol", and by deploying immigration Officers to Third CXountries", as he said.


+ But, at the same time, in addition to EU's agreement to "Triple the addition to EU's agreement to "Triple the Resources available to "Triton", our Border mission in the Central Mediterranean, and to Enhance its operational Capability", EU, in parallel, "Needs to Limit irregular migration Flows and to discourage people from putting their lives at risk. This means better Co-operation with the Countries of origin and Transit, Especially the countries around Libya", as Tusk underlined.


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In fact, at the "fight against illegal immigration, we all agreed that we need to avoid the Cynical business model of Smuggling", and  "this is obviously not an easy process", because "it involves additional efforts to Pursue the Perpetrators and bring them to Justice, to Destroy the Networks and also to Confiscate the Assets".

Therefore, "we have asked the High Representative to consider Timely how can be arranged a framework of international law for Effective  Action against Smuggling" : "Federica Mogherini will tell us how to do so", Chancelor Merkel explained meanwhile.

+ In addition, through "Cooperation with Countries of Origin and Transit", "We want ... to combat the Causes of Immigration. .....This will ...require additional efforts in Development", and, for that purpose, "we (EU). .. must Speak with the African Union". That's why ... we seek an additional Extraordinary EU-Africa Summit", which might be Hosted by "Malta", she anounced.


In this regard, "of course, the issue of Libya ... plays a role" : . We support all efforts by the UNO in order to get a Libyan Government Unity,  because that would of course make the Cooperation between EU and Libya in the first place once again reasonably Possible", as in the period before 2014-2015, while, "currently,". "We ....have indeed a very Difficult situation", Merkel had warned in her Introductory remarks, from the outset.


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However, Questioned anew about whether "Triton's Area of operation" could be "also Expanded", given, inter alia, also of the Fact that "many  such Ships Crash directy off the Libyan Coast", the German Chancelor appeared very Careful, but didn't, once again, Exclude anything, a priori :


- "We (EU Heads of State/Government) have Not Expanded Today" the operational area of "Triton", but, "we must Certainly Talk anew on this Question", Merkel anounced.


"Moreover, we, (EU Leaders), in the European Council, cannot take Legal Decisions to extend a Mission's area", since "this must be made by the competent EU Council". So, "we didn't yet Discuss that" here, even if "this Issue exists", the German Chancelor concluded, indirectly but surely leaving that matter Open for adequately prepared Talks and, eventually, Decisions, in the foreseable Future.

 
---------------------------


Until now, the various factions active in Libya have been reportedly Negotiating for a Compromise between them, also through frequent Meetings at Morocco, under the auspices of an EU Diplomat experienced in Euro-Mediterranean policy since the Barcelona process.

Back on 2006, during the Lebanon Crisis, former French President Jacques Chirac had achieved at UN level, in cooperation with German Chancelor Merkel on EU level, followed, mutatis-mutandis, on 2011, also by former French President Nicolas Sarkozy, who had managed to get a UN Mandate too, this time for Libya, while both had cultivated, then, Good Relations, not only with the USA, but also with Russia, etc, (given, inter alia, also Sarkozy's famous 2008 move, while France was Chairing the EU, to act rapidly in order to Prevent a Russian - Georgian Conflict, on August 2008.


Now, new French President Francois Hollande and German Chancelor Angie Merkel, have recently Started to Succesfully move to Settle the equivalent issue of Ukraine's Conflict, particularly after the February 2015 Minsk Agreements, at Normandy - 4 format, (France - Germany - Ukraine - Russia), but haven't yet reached, for the moment, a Stage of sustainable Political Solution, particularly while USA-led Sanctions against Russia still persist.


But, given the Mutual Interests for Peace and Stability throughout  Libya's Mediterranean Coasts, where the Dangerous Extremist Islamist Terrorists of ISIL's atrocious BeHeaders have already started to emerge with their Horrible Murders even of Poor Immigrant People, (f.ex. from  Egypt, Kenya, etc), an EU - Russia relevant Deal should, normaly, be possible, (Comp. f.ex. Russian Duma's President's Naryshkin's reply to a relevant "EuroFora"s Question recently, at : ......)

(../..)

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    Before the end of 2009, France and Germany will take strong initiatives to open "new Horizons" needed by Europe and the World, going well beyond the current Crisis' management, anounced French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angie Merkel, reassuring that both a judgement on Lisbon Treaty by nearby Karlsruhe German Federal Court, and the forthcoming National Elections in Germany would confirm their capacity to act.    

They were replying to Press questions in Berlin, after key-regional elections on Sunday, where Merkel's ChristianDemocratic party kept everywhere a strong 1st and won the possibility to forge a New Majority with Liberals at the largest of 3 Landers : Saxony (4 millions inhabitants), while its main competitor, the Socialdemocrat party fell to unprecedented lows : Tackled by the small "Linke" (left) party in Saarland (1 million inhabitants), it became even smaller than it in Saxony and Thuringen (3 million inhabitants), where SPD arrived only third. While its usual partners, the "Greens" also fell down, contrary to CDU's new partners, the FDP Liberals, who go up.

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    - "At any case, at the end of the year (2009), if things go as scheduled, we shall take strong initiatives, showing that Europe needs a Franco-German axis, as well as the World, even if it never excludes other" countries to join, replied Sarkozy to a question if France and Germany will revive the "European dream", by "relauncing the EU motor" for the Future, with actions going further than the mere management of the global crisis, (as it was done fex. in the Past with the creation of the "Euro" Monetary zone, etc).

    - "I am convinced that the Franco-German friendship must be constantly nourished by New Projects", he added."There are many areas of cooperation where we intend to take, very soon, some Franco-German initiatives, which will allow to open more Horizons" to the EU, Sarkozy stressed.

    But if "we don't speak about that now, it's only in order to avoid interfering in important elections coming in Germany", he observed. However, "we have already started to consider the Future with the (German) Chancellor, and what we can do in order to honour our predecessors". "We are already speaking about that, and we are preparing things". "I am working very well together with Mrs Merkel, and I wish that it goes on", Sarkozy concluded.

merkel_sarkozy_eu_flag_400

    - "It's important for EU's credibility that France and Germany advance forward together", stressed Merkel from the outset. "Don't worry about Germany's capacity to undertake initiatives" with France, she added. "France and Germany will be perfectly able to make proposals" for the EU.

    -  "After-crisis" plans must be prepared, meanwhile, with measures "advancing progressively", Merkel anounced. And, for the short term, we must deal also with EU Citizens' dismay since they feel that it's a Scandal for some in the Financial Markets to be paid with excessive "Bonuses", etc, she agreed with Sarkozy.

    - "Abuses in financial markets must stop", stressed also Sarkozy. Backing Merkel's announcement that France and Germany call for an EU meeting to forge "a crystal-clear European position" in view of the G-14 Summit at Pittsburg, he warned that "everyone will have to undertake his responsibilities, in front of World's Public Opinion. particularly those who don't want to make the same effort of regulation as France and Germany".

    Moreover, "Global Trade cannot be correctly dealt, without taking into account also Environmental and Social rules", Sarkozy added, referring to recently expressed positions against Unfair Competition via Environmental and/or Social Dumping, (See earlier "EuroFora"'s publications).

    Such moves are obviously linked to the need to ensure at least an elementary respect for Human Rights by Third Countries, (f.ex. exploitation of Children's work, etc) in order to avoid, precisely, any such Social Dumping.

    - "EU has Values, protecting Human Rights and Human Dignity", and "it cannot close its eyes" in front of grave violations, particularly "Torture and/or killings", added, indeed, Sarkozy.

    Thus, "the time comes, where decisions must be taken". But, in case of "Sanctions", "all International opinion should be convinced of the need to take action", he observed.

    Expressed on the occasion of recent developments in Iran, the same principles should logically apply also to other similar cases, including fex. that of Hundreds of ECHR judgements' condemning f;ex. Turkey for grave crimes, (as Torture, brutal Killings, Enforced "Disappearances", Destruction of Family Homes, harassments and oppressive violations of Freedom of Speech, etc).

    Meanwhile, questioned on (EU Commission's chair)  Barroso's bid to succeed himself for a second mandate, they both expressed a "wish" or a "feeling" that "EU Parliament"'s various political Groups might fix a date for decisions "during September". However, is he is endorsed before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, it will be legally necessary to re-vote anew for a full term of office afterwards, according to EU Legal Experts, revealed recently in Strasbourg the experienced former President of EU Parliament's Constitutional Committee, German Socialist MEP Jo Leinen. And Germany will not vote for Lisbon Treaty's ratification but only "on September 8 and 18", revealed Merkel, ( i.e. after EU Parliament's plenary session in Strasbourg).

    - Therefore, "for EU Commissioners' appointment, it's too early yet, because we must wait for the ratification of Lisbon Treaty" by all 27 EU Member countries, including naturally Ireland's Referendum on early October, said to "EuroFora" the influential President of EU Parliament's largest group of MEPs, Joseph Daul, expressing, however, the hope that a controversial deal with the head of the Socialist Group of MEPs, Martin Schultz of Germany, might hold for Barroso alone, at a forthcoming vote due to fix the Strasbourg plenary's Agenda.

    But MEPs reportedly just "postponed" for 1 week all their previously scheduled group meetings (See : http://www.euractiv.com/en/future-eu/barroso-unveil-summer-homework-week/article-184825 );

    However, while the choice of a new EU Commission's President by EU Parliament is supposed, according to many MEPs' wish, take place according to EU policy issues, paradoxically, this would mean that Barroso's bid would pass before even the anouncement of France and Germany's "initiatives" for EU's "new Horizons"...

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