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Home arrow newsitems arrow Turkey claims Otoman Empire legacy at Armenian Genocide 100th Anniversary as CoE+ Fights Negationism

Turkey claims Otoman Empire legacy at Armenian Genocide 100th Anniversary as CoE+ Fights Negationism

Written by ACM
Friday, 24 April 2015
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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/(Partly Updated)/- It's at the Centennial of the 1st Genocide of Modern Times, that of Armenian People by the Ottoman Turk Military (1915 - 2015), that the Turkish Government curiously chose to launch a Provocative Claim upon former Ottoman-Turk Empire's legacy, instead of Hidding, as it used to do in the Past, its Responsibilities behind the Hasty Mutation of the ruins of an incompletely Demolished, Decaying former Ottoman-Turk Empire into a Hasty Makeshift and Shaky Imitation of a so called "Nation"-State, artificially imposed over Dozens of Multi-National  with Less than 1 sole Century of Existence, in an area Cripled by the Armenian and the Greek Pontian and Asian Minor, as well as the Kurdish Genocides, (etc), up to the recent rise of the Deadly and Destructive Extremist Islamist Terrorism of ISIL, throughout Turkey's Borders towards Syria and Iraq, etc.

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(From German Documentary Film "AGHET" by Award-winning Australian-German Journalist/Writer Eric Friedler. +2011 - World Gold Medal New York Film Festival)

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But, curiously, that Turkish move came as CoE and others had started to call, on the contrary, to Fight against Negationism, in this and othet similar cases, in order both to do elementary Justice to the Victims and their Families and Friends, but also to Prevent any New Crimes against Humanity in the foreseable Future, (See Infra).

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A Huge Exhibition claiming that the former Ottoman-Turc Empire would have always provided "Safe Heaven" to any persecuted People or Minorities, Never doing the slightest harm to any threatened Nation, was set up, at the last  minute, despite Protests, inside the CoE and even right in front of an Armenian Exhibition full of Press Reports and other Historic Documents which had denounced from the start the Armenian Genocide, precisely this week of the Centenial Anniversary of that 1st Genocide of the Modern period...

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+ Moreover, even other Controversial and obviously Dangerous Today claims, (as, f.ex., that recent developments around Turkish borders to Iraq and Syria would have created, in fact,  "One Area", and that Turkey may "respect International Borders", but céould Bypass them whenever Ankara might find that "Human Rights are violated" :An obviously Spicy claim, particularly coming from the No 1 culprit in CoE's list of recidivists with a Record-High number of ECHR's Judgments frequently and repeatedly violated...),  emerged through that Strange and provocative Turkish Exhibition, (including, f.ex., on paper, as well as in Videos picturing mainly Statements attributed to new Turkish Prime Minister, Mr. Davutoglou, etc).

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(Turkish Negationist Propaganda, inside CoE, +at Armenian Genocide's 100th Anniversary)

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COE Assembly : Negationism Hinders to Prevent Future Crimes against Humanity !
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But, at the same moment, CoE's PanEuropean Parliamentary Assembly decided to clearly "condemn" the "Armenian Genocide", during which, "1,500,000 Armenians perished as a result of this Hideous Crime perpetrated in the Ottoman Empire", according to a Written Declaration signed Yesterday, Thursday, in Strasbourg (23 April 2013) by a strong Majority of more than 200 MEPs, (which would obviously has been even Wider if Russian MEPs hads participated in this Session), i.e. almost an astonishing 2/3 Majority of PACE's 318 official Members !

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 - Moreover, "Deeply Deploring Attempts at the .. Denial" of such "Crimes against Humanity and Genocide", CoE Assembly's Majority Declaration of 2015, also Denounces the Fact that "the Absence of Unequivocal and Timely Condemnation of the Armenian Genocide, largely contributed to the Failure to Prevent Future Crimes against Humanity, such as the Holocaust and Other Genocides", as it Warned for the "Centennial of the Armenian Genocide", "24 April 2015",

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while Turkey notoriously persists into Denying having committed any such Genocide, despite its official Recognition by more than 26 Countries throughout the Globe, (together with Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland Assemblies) until Today, the US Congres, the Permanent People's Tribunal, EU Parliament and CoE's Parliamentary Assembly, Mercosur, UNO's Commission on prevention of Discrimination and protection of Minorities, the Grand Rabbin of Israel, the Vatican, etc.

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- But, on the Contrary, "Prevention of genocides and crimes against humanity should be amongst our Priorities", because "Early prevention of such crimes can surely Stop the escalation of Conflicts, Tragedies and humanitarian Catastrophes", CoE Assembly's Majority stressed Now. And, in this regard, "the CoE has an important Role to play within the international efforts in contributing to the Prevention of Crimes against Humanity".

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=> Therefore, CoE "should Encourage its Member States (as, f.ex. Turkey, etc) to come to terms with Their own Past and prepare grounds for future reconciliation between peoples", the 2/3 of the PanEuropean Organisation's Parliamentary Assembly's Members believe, while also pointing out, from the ouitset, the fact that, as a matter of Principle, "Genocide is an Unconceivable Crime for a society which is founded on tolerance and protection of Human Rights and fundamental freedoms", as all CoE's Member Countries should do, the 2015 CoE Assembly Declaration points out, while also "paying Tribute to the Memory of Innocent Victims", shortly before the New EU Parliament, as it has been issued from the May 2014 EU Elections, is due to Debate and Vote, for the 1st Time in its 5-Years-long mandate (2014-2019) on a comprehensive Report and Resolution concerning Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU bid, (which has, meanwhile, been exceptionaly Delayed and Postponed this Year, towards May 2015, at least)...

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(Like ISIL's Terrorists Today, allmost at the Same Area, against Similar Victims)...

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>>> As Armenian Ambassador, Permanent Representative at the CoE, Armen Papikyan, told "EuroFora", on this occasion, "initially, we (Armenians) throught that this Genocide was just a Great Tragedy for our Nation. But, Afterwards, it became obvious  that this was also a matter for several other Nations, and Humankind in general, since Other Genocides and/or Crimes against Humanity, were committed, as long as a Total Impunity remained for the Armenian Genocide"... At least an elementary "Justice", is, therefore, needed, he concluded.

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    => That's one reason more, for which, Today, at the Centennial Anniversary of the 1st Genocide in Modern Times, the Armenian Community calls, more than ever, for "Truth and Justice", at last, to prevail, as also the Experienced President of Strasbourg's Region Alsace's Association of Friendship with Armenia, the Franco-Armenian Pierre Zouloumian, who is traditionaly Heading the relevant Collective Events here, stressed in Conclusion of his Speech at Republic Square's Monument of the Dead, earlier Today.

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    + Thus, it's also the Head of nearby German City of Kehl's Armenian Community, Hayik Parlar, who, speaking later to "EuroFora", pointed particularly at the fact that in his Speech at the Downtown "FriedenKirche" gathering, he reminded the well-known fact that Hitler had reportedly ordered the Jewish Holocaust after observing that "Nobody even Remembered" then, "the Armenians", massacrated by the Ottoman-Turks earlier. 

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Thus, Today, the Armeno-German local Community's Head, welcomed and Thanked German President Gauck's famous recent Statement, for all those, more or less Responsible for the Armenian Genocide, to recognize it at least now, as he noted, applauded on this Topical point, by a Mixte, German-Armenian audience.

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    ++ Even "Other Christians were also Exterminated", already since 1915-1920, such as "500.000 Assyro-Chaldeans-Syriacs and 350.000 Greeks", denounced Pierre Zouloumian in Strasbourg, in this regard, "Followed by the Kurds  : Initialy Manipulated in order to execute orders for the extermination of Armenians, they were, later-on, them too, Massively Deported and pushed to Death, with Hundreds of Thousands of Kurdish Victims". But, "pursuiing its Deadly job, the (Turkish) Kemalist Laic Republic Massacrated as well as the former Governments of Sultans and "Young Turks", with the "Fire of (Ancient, overMillenary Greek City of) Smyrne, on 1922, and the Mass Killing of the Greek and Armenian Populations by Mustafa Kemal's troops is an example", he reminded, inter alia.

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    - NB => In France and elsewhere, particularly throughout Europe, including inside the PanEuropean Organisation for Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law, i.e. the CoE, various Converging Calls to Act against Negationism of the 1st Genocide of the Modern er were launched recently, often pointing even explicitly towards a 2012 French Law, adopted by a crystal-clear Majority by Paris' National Assembly, which had established penal Sanctions for such Negationism, but was Blocked by a Majority in the controversial Constitutional Court of the country, whose composition depends mainly to the President of the Republic on duty each time, who may seriously Modify the Composition of the Court by Unilateraly  Appointing whoever he likes, without any consideration to preserve at least an elementary Political Balance, neither to Respect a Tradition of People's Democratic Votes, (since even all 3 Members who  had a Right to participate, as former Presidents of  France : Valery Giscard d'Estain, Jacques Chirac, and Nicolas Sarkozy, had, meanwhile,  all been incited, in one way or another, to Exceptionaly Stop taking part to that Court's collective Decisions, some even Challenging openly its allegedly "Partisan" line, in certain cases felt and denounced as Scandalously one-sided politically, (as it was notoriously stressed f.ex. in 2013-2014)...

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    - In fact, "the Criminal Filiation established between the former Ottoman Empire, the "Young Turks"' Government and Kemal's Republic, made Necessary, in order to protect the Turkish State, to Disguish, Dissimulate, and Deny the Crime, permanently :
    - That's why, "the Turkish State practices an Official Negationism, since the years 1980" (of the Military putch) at least, reminded Today Pierre Zouloumian at the Strasbourg's gathering : F.ex., "on May 2001, a Government Decree creates a "Coordination Council for the Struggle against Genocide Assertions", giving, thus, an Official dimension to the State's Negationism. On April 2003, a Circular of the Turkish Ministry of National Education asks ... to organize Exams in which the Students must Deny the Extermination of Armenians, Assyro-Chaldeans, and Pontian Greeks at the Beginning of the 20th Century".  More Recently, "on 2014, a Special Committee is created by the Turkish Prime Minister in order to Counter Revendications to Recognise the Armenian Genocide", and "its activities are taken over by the Turkish Ministry of Foreign affairs, ... and even that of European affairs !", he pointed out. Moreover, "on 2014, a Universitarian from Izmir (former Smyrne, for Thousands of years), asks from his Students to prepare a Text Proving that there wasn't any Genocide ever committed against Armenians". Almost at the Same Time, "Polls made in Adana's Schools, reveal that 70% among 800 Professors and 1066 Students, Christian Minorities, including Armenians, Greeks, and also Jewish, are "Ennemies" of Turkey or play a "Negative" role", while, even at SchoolBooks, the Christians, and particularly the Armenians, are presented to the Students as Traitors"...

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- "Why, 100 years later, the Reactions of the Turkish State are they so Vivid and try to Deny the Crime ?", he wondered.  - "Without any doubt, it's because the Criminal Filiation ... (with the former Ottoman Empire) has been really Extended until the Current Neo-Ottoman-Islamic Government" in Ankara, President Pierre Zulumian noted, speaking in DownTown Strasbourg, the Same Week of the 100th Anniversary since the Armenian Genocide of 1915,  that, at the CoE, the Turkish Delegation set up on April 2015 that incredible Exhibition about the former Ottoman Empire, claiming that it was a .. "Safe Heaven" for all Oppressed People and Minorities, who would have been always Protected and Treated Well by the Sultans (sic !), without any exception a    t all, (naturally "Forgetting" even to Mention the Armenians, the Greeks, the Kurds, the Assyrians, etc, as mainstream British Conservative MEP James Clappison, President of CoE Assembly's Legal and Human Rights Committee, observed critically, speaking to "EuroFora").

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    - But, "after the Murder of our People, should we let them Suffer a Second Murder now through (Turkish) Negationism" Today ? "Will France admit even, the Violence exerted against French Citizens commemorating the Genocide, the Death Threats, the Degradation and Profanation of Monuments ?", meanwhile, President Pierre Zulumian wondered in his Speech. F.ex. "on March 2015, the Memorial for the Armenian Genocide in Lyon, faced another Aggression : The sculpture was Covered by Graffiti with Insults", he denounced, inter alia, reminding also, f.ex. that, already, back during the latest, 2012 French Presidential Elections, the <<Talat Pacha>> Committee, named after that <<Turkish Himmler>> (notoriously accused to be a main instingator of Armenians' Mass Killings, Deadly "Tests", etc) could  Demonstrate in Paris against a French Law" (which, then, condemned Negationism with Sanctions) : "an Obscenity", as he said, as well as, already "on April 2012, in front of 10.000 Fanatic Militants, at Metz, the Leader of the Nationalist Turkish Movement MHP (Far Right, often considered as Extremists), launched again a Negationist speech, Attacking that French Law, something Scandalous", while, almost at the same time, Local "Press gave a Tribune to an Association at Mulhouse which identified itself with the Criminal Organisation of "Gray Wolves" (Extremist Turkish Group, often accused also of Violence, etc), added to Interventions, "f.ex. by an Turkish Association at Mulhouse, on Spring of 2012, pressing to Prohibit Teaching about the Armenian Genocide, despite the fact that it's included at the French National Education Programs", etc, are "Distressing" incidents, he denounced.


    => "Negationism" is not an Opinion, but a Crime, against which we must Fight, because it's the Prolongement of a Genocide-like behavior. ... The (French) Law which imposed Sanctions against Negations of all Genocides, and was Voted by those Elected by the French People, has been Blocked by the Constitutional Court", he denounced. But, there is "Urgency to start Implimenting it, because it will Protect Civic Peace, and will serve the General Interest", by "avoiding to Stop, in France, the Warnings about Risks for Mass Crimes"", President Zulumian warned. "French People succeeded to obtain from their Elected Representatives that Law, which will also Avoid, probably, that a Foreign State can still continue to Impose its own "Law". On the contrary, that French Legislation against Negationism, "it must be Applied firmly, and the Crime will Stop", he concluded.     

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    Speaking more Softly, in "FriedenKirhen" at nearby German Kehl City, the newly elected Mayor, the sympathetic Toni Vetrano, went, by another way, towards the Same Direction :  After modestly excusing himself for not knowing yet something special to add on what has been already said on the Armenian Genocide, that President Gauck has just confirmed as Recognized, and, calling all Communities to "Live Together" in one among the most "International" Cities in Europe, as "PolyEthnic" Kehl townlet, near Strasbourg, really is, (including by Hosting many CoE's Officials and Staff, etc), Vetrano reminded the fact that Germany itself has Recognized in the Past the Jewish "Holocaust", and such a move Helped Reconciliation and Peace, in order to, indirectly but surely, advise also Turkey to follow that example of the Biggest EU Country, as far as the Armenian Genocide is concerned.

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" - The 1st" "Great incredible Tragedy" that "Humankind lived through ... the Last (20th) Century", "is that which is generally considered as "the 1st Genocide of the 20th Century" : it stroke against the Armenian People - First Christian Nation - together with the Syrian Catholics and Orthodox, the Assyrians, Chaldeans, the Greeks", Pope Francis strongly declared just a few Days ago, on April 12, 2015, on the occasion of the Centenial of the Armenian Genocide at the Vatican.

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But, when new Pope Francis dared name the Armenian Tragedy as the "1st Genocide of the 20th Century", Turkey withdrew its Ambassador from the Vatican, and Mr. Erdogan had some unpleasant, if not insulting words vis a vis the Spiritual Leader of more than 1,3 Billions of People Worldwide, (f.ex. accusing him of "Delirium", etc), while the Italian Police has just reportedly uncovered an Extremist Islamist Terrorist Complot to Attack inter alia also the Pope and various other Targets throughout Italy.

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+ A similar row was reportedly provoked also against Austria, from which Turkey withdrew its Ambassador too... In addition, an even much more Negative and gravely Slandering Turkish Reaction, from Ankara's Foreign Ministry, was launched, surprisingly, against Russia, - f.ex. accusing it even for ... so-called "Mass Murders" (sic!), in the Caucasus, Central Asia and Eastern Europe - just because Moscow's Foreign Ministry had simply reiterated Russian President Vladimir Putin's traditional stance for the Armenian Genocide, ... A strabge Fact, which might reveal that Ankara is currently very "Nervous", perhaps  fearing some More possible Moves on the still Open issue of the Turkish Negationism vis a vis the Armenian Genocide, particularly as long as the New EU Parliament, as it has emerged from the May 2014 EU Elections, has not yet pronounced itself on the Exceptionaly Delayed Annual Report about Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU bid...


Ankara's Government simply reacted, earlier this Month, to another EU Parliament's Resolution on the Armenian Genocide Recognition, by accusing a large Majority of MEPs to abuse of ... "Hate Speech" (sic !)..


++ At the Same Time, French Police arrested another suspect Islamist, reportedly equiped with 4 Arms, amunitions, etc., and having already killed a women allegedly  in order to use her Car in planned Attacks against certain Christian Churchs, these same Days during which the 100th Anniversary of the Armenian Genocide was more and more present in various Churches throughout Europe, ec. In addition, that suspect, who had suddenly found a lot of Money a few Months ago, allowing him to set up a whole cover-up with a false "University Student" identity, a cosy Room in downtown Paris, a Car and a pretty Pavillon at its Southern Suburbs where he reportedly visited his Girl-Friend, a converted Muslim wearing always a Black "Burka", etc, had just visited and stayed recently, twice, (both at the End of 2014 and on February 2015), in Turkey...


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+ Dardanelles' (alias Galipoli) Campaign
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Turkish President Erdogan made a big Publicity this year for a so-called "Dardanelles" or "Galipoli" battle, (according to the Ancient Greek Names of the area, controlled in the Past by Ancient Troia), which was fought in the Straights from February 1915 until a few Days after the Beginning of the Armenian Genocide (25 April being the Date chosen by Ankara, i.e. the Day After the Genocide's start, with a notorious order to arrest and eliminate at first a list of Armenian Intellecturals, politicians, journalists, scientists, artists, businesmen, etc) :


Indeed, he Refused Armenian President Sargysian's invitation to participate at Yerevan's Centenary Anniversary of the Armenian Genocide under the pretect that, the Next Day, Turkey was going to celebrate its "Galipoli"/"Dardanelles" "victory", as Ankara's regime considers a Battle for the Respect of International Law and Freedom of Navigation at the Straights, which had been triggered at 1915 by Turkey's Blockade of the Access to the Black Sea, followed by Military Attacks against Russia at Odessa and Sebastopol Seaports, in an attempt to practically Destroy the Russian Fleet.

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But, in fact, the final result was due rather a beginning of a Division inside the Anglosaxon camp, between those who wanted to pursue the original Plan to pass throughout the Straights until to reach and liberate the over-Millenary (330 - 1.453) former Capital of the Greek Christian Empire of Byzantium ; Constantinople City from  4 Centuries of Ottoman-Turkish Military Invasion and Occupation (1453 - 1915), as, f.ex., both the initial Chief of the European Allies' Naval operation, as well as the then Young British Officer, Baron Keyes of Zeebruge and Dover, (who became later Famous for winning the Zeebruge Battle against NAZI forces from the beginning of the 2nd World War, and had anew, even at 69 Years of age, presented an Innovative Plan to simplify and launch more frrequently Modern Inter-Army integrated operations, which was, unfortunately, shelved again, because it was considered as Too Modern, as world-famous French General De Gaule's own Plans of that period, who knew and appreciated Baron Keyes), and those who wanted to drop it, either entirely, or at least for a moment, until they add also a Terrestrial Landing, later on, which gave Time to Turkey to bring more soldiers and amunitions.


While, just after the first Naval Thrust of the European Allies from Great Britain, France, etc., in fact (according to Baron Keyes and other Officer's views) they had succeeded to Open the Road towards Constantinople, the Turkish Army having been practicaly Neutralized, its Telecommunications Cut and its AmunitionsE Exhausted, a subsequent loss of certain French and English Ships beng rather due to some Mines left by mainly  by a few Turkish Civilians using makeshift Boats and having already run away...


However, on the contrary, a Negative outcome was provoked, as said, mainly by an over-Pessimistic estimation by Other British Officers, and a controversial French Prime Minister of those times, (who served only a Few Months, during which started the 1st World War, the Armenian Genocide, the Galipoli retreat in front of Turkish troops, etc. : i.e. René Viviani, of the "Socialist-Republican Party", which later forged the "Union of Republican Socialists"  including even ... pro-NAZI Marcel Deat and his "NeoSocialists" Collaborationists of the NAZI Occupation, known for his "Totalitarian" political aims, that even Petain hesitated to adopt)...

NB : => If Young Churchill-inspired Dardanelles Campaign has been pursued until its initial aim to liberate Constantinople had been achieved, (as Baron Keyes of Zeebruge and Dover, one of the most innovative British Army Officers, with Experience from China's Boxer War until the 2nd World War, had vainly called for), then, the Armenian Genocide could have been Stopped in 1 Day, and most of Western Europe would have remained United with Russia, since the Strategic, GeoPolitical aim of that Franco-Brittish move was to respond to Turkish Aggression against Odessa and Sebastopol Seaports (at nowadays South-Eastern Ukraine and Crimea) searching to Destroy the Russian Fleet of the Black Sea, which protected the only available then Maritime link of Russia  to the rest of the European Continent.


In other words, we wouldn't have had  neither the Armenian Genocide from 1915-1920, nor the Massacre of Greek overmillenary Civilian Populations of nearby Smyrne and Pontos on 1921-1922, or the Constantinople "Pogroms" of 1955+, the Hanging of elected Prime Minister Menderes (of Ukranian Tatar origin) on 1960 by Turkish Army Putchists, nor the Turkish Military Invasion-Occupation of the Northern part of Cyprus since 1974-2015, the Greco-Turkish Tension undermining for long NATO's Eastern flanc, or the Bloody Kurdish Conflict of 1984-2015, nor the controversial and unpopular Turkish EU-bid of 1999, which provoked 3 "NO" to EuroReferenda in France, the Netherlands and Ireland between 2005-2007, Rejecting EU's Constitution and Delaying the Integration of €uroZone which arrived Unprepared at the 2008-2014 Global Crisis, and probably neither the Deadly and Destructive Ukranian Conflict of Today (2014-2015) !


>>>  Thus, Today, one could say that, in fact, Europeans owe a thousand of "Thanks", to nowadays Turkish President, Mr. Erdogan, for unwillingly Reminiding to Europe, (by Celebrating this year the Galipoli Clash, 1 Day after the Centenary of Armenian Genocide's Start !), that its History could have been much Better, Peaceful, Democratic  and well Developed, if nothing had Hindered at the last minute, the on-going then process of Dissolution of the former Ottoman-Turk Empire, (as it happened also, mutatis-mutandis, in Europe for the Austro-Hongrian, French or British Empires, all dissolved, giving way to the emerging then "Modern" Nation-States everywhere ).

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Benedict's "Source" to revitalize Europe : - "The World needs Hope", Pope says, calling to relaunch E.U. via Human Rights !

Paris - Lourdes - Strasbourg : 12 - 17 September 2008.

The vital need to re-launch Europe can be succesfully met by defending fundamental Human Rights of the People, said Pope Benedict XVI in his 1st speech in France, at his meeting with President Nicolas Sarkozy, who currently chairs the EU.

Sarkozy replied by welcoming Christian and other religions' contribution to indispensable Public Debates on crucial issues which affect Human Dignity, Europe, even Humankind, as BioGenetics.

- "When Europeans will see and personally experience that the inalienable Rights of the Human Person .., those of their free Education, their Family life, their Work, ..their Religious Rights, ..are respected and promoted, then, these Europeans will fully understand the greatness of the European construction and will be actively involved in it", Benedict XVI stressed.

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- "It's important that during France's EU Presidency, there is, indeed, a desire for the Church to contribute to protect Human Person's integrity, and I think that there is also a growing Conscience, beyond any polemics, to defend Human Rights, and, thus, contribute to ensure respect for Human Dignity", added to "EuroFora" the Pope's Spokesman, Vatican's Press Director Federico Lombardi.

- "Nobody really told us here that Lisbon Treaty was good for this or that reason to the People. They only told us that we "had" to ratify it, and tried to scare us, but failed", said 2 Irish pilgrims to "EuroFora", after 2 Majority Abstentions in 1999 and 2004 EU Elections and 3 "NO" to Referenda in France and the Netherlands in 2005, followed by the Irish "No" in 2008, during a Decade of EU Crisis since the controversial Turkey EU- bid (1999-2008).

More than .."224 cases of Murders, Torture, "Disappearancies" or Destructions" by "agents of Turkish Security forces", where all those responsible for so heavy Crimes still remain scandalously unpunished, despite regular condemnations of Ankara by Strasbourg''s European Court of Human Rights from 1996 to 2008, were examined the same week by CoE's Ministers, who decided to launch a fresh call "urging" the Turkish Authorities to end this dangerous "virtual Impunity" of criminals, without comparison to European countries.

- "Why not Ukraine, instead of Turkey ?", asked EuroFora a Journalist from "Kiev : the city where it's enough to cross the streets in order to realize that it's a European town", as Sarkozy recently said, before solemnly declaring this week, together with Ukranian President Jushenko and EU Commission's chair Baroso, EU's "recognition that Ukraine is a fully European Country, linked to Europe by culture and History".

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Europe's "Christian roots" and Values, with "openess and mutual respect" to other cultures and beliefs, were highlighted by Sarkozy in harmony with Benedict XVI.

The Human person should be protected "from his inception until his natural death", added the Pope, faithful to BioEthic principles defended by his predecessor and collaborator, John Paul II, of topical importance in France, Europe and the World today, as Sarkozy announced :

- "Fast and important progres in Genetic Science and procreation raise delicate BioEthical Questions to our Democracies", which "involve our view of Humans and Life, and can lead to Social Mutations. That's why they cannot remain only a business of experts", hestressed.

- "It's Politician's responsibility to set a proper framework for such Public Debates", as "France will do on BioEthics in 2009". "Religious and Philosophic traditions must take part, with their ideas and centuries' long experience : A positive Laicity is an open invitation to Dialogue", he said.

- "France engaged in Europe at another Debate on how to make Financial Capitalism more moral", and the "Social doctrine of the Church fits well what is at stake in modern Globalized Economy"

- "But, a "Real Dialogue is not for an elite of a Globalized world : It penetrates deep into the People : That's why Churches should actively participate : .. It's bringing New Oxygen to Public Debates", stressed Sarkozy.

- "Democracy must not be cut off Reason", which is "compatible with Faith", thanks to "the meeting between Christianism and Greek philosophy ", he added, referring to Pope's views. "It means to advance with logic arguments, search what's best and respect common principles of thinking :... It's an everyday need for Public Administration and the Political Debate", he added.
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Pope Benedict's 1st visit to France looked like the start of a brillant, manifold demonstration that this was well-founded and could become true in the lives of the People : After its Theoretical foundations unfolded at a "speech to the world of Culture", inaugurating Bernadins' cultural centre, and its dogmatic instrument shaped at an address to the Clergy in the Historic Notre Dame' Cathedral, he started to resolutely reach out to the People :

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The move went upwards like Bach's music : Begining with a call to more than fifteen thousand enthousiastic Youngsters gathered at Notre Dame's parvis with overnight celebrations, it gained strength in an impressive open-air Mass at Paris'central Invalides'area facing Alexander III's bridge, attended by more than 150.000 people, French Prime Minister Fillon, many Ministers, Foreign Ambassadors, etc, and culminated in a series of pan-European Mega-meetings at Lourdes 150th anniversary, together with all French Bishops, EU Commission's vice-Chairman Barrot, and some 200.000 enthousiastic People from all over Europe and beyond : After a Sea of Lights astonishingly braved Saturday Night's rain, an open-air mass at riverside fields among Pyrenees' Mountains Sunday Morning, was followed on Monday by a Sea of "Compassion" to those facing Health or Life threats, surrounded by an endless gathering of People, whose gigantic dimensions obviously surprised the organisers..

Meanwhile, Benedict had the occasion to speak to the French Priests at Notre Dame of Paris, and with the Bishops at Lourdes, where they prepare a crucial November plenary meeting, due to take important decisions on imminent EU debates and choices about Europe's identity, BioEthics, etc.
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- "A new way of thinking about Laicity has become necessary", agreed the Pope with President Sarkozy at Elysee. While keeping the "distinction between Politics and Religion, to guarantee Citizens' Liberty", "religion is important for shaping Consciousness and contributing, together with others, to create a basic Ethical Consensus in society".

- "Searching Essential realities", (as "God" for christians), needs "Speech : "Logos" in greek, i.e. Reason", "able to shape a Community","with creative work transforming Human History". But "Dialogue" is instrumental for "Reason", because it's the way to "search" for Truth", in "Liberty", according to Greek Platonic Philosophy, with Socrates' dialectics. "Reason" implies "Spirit and Liberty", hence the polyphonic "Music" of "Dialogue", in a responsible, "well balanced" way, to avoid "destruction".

Starting with a "Dialogue between christians and intellectual or artistic movements" highlighted at Bernardins' Cultural Center. with former Presidents Chirac and Giscard d'Estain, UNESCO's chair Anastassopoulos, etc., as well as representatives of Muslim Communities, (including a separate Turkish), after contacts with Jews at Vatican's Embassy, the Pope turned towards the People :

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To French Priests : "Church built on the rock" !
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- Speaking to thousands of French Priests at Notre Dame's Cathedral, Benedict highlighted a solid "Church built on the Rock" of conscious and active persons, transmitting "a lively, energetic and sharp" "God's Speech, actively working on Human History".

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"Praying together" with "representatives of Christian Churches and ecclesiastic communities", (as Orthodoxes, Armenians, Protestants, etc), he called "to reinforce the Unity of the church", against "any form of Division", around Holy Spirit', "the Word","Christ's Justice", and "Love" to fellow- humans : Essentials which "resume all holy scripts", as he said.

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To Young People : "New Horizons"
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To some 15.000 enthousiastic Young People at Notre Dame's parvis, along Seine's river, Benedict spoke about "the Energy of the Holy Spirit" and "the Mystery of the Cross" : - "The Holy Spirit opens New Horizons to Human Intelligence .. and makes it conscious of the real greatness of Christ's sacrifice, dying and resurecting for World's life".

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Some "may slander you as crazy, laugh at you, or even persecute you. But, "the Holy Cross is a symbol of God's love", and "givesmoral strength" : "Witness of People's pains, it's at the same time, a precious, unique expression of their Hopes", he told them at Paris' dawn.

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Invalides' plateau : "People chosen to become God's friends"
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At the 1st open-air Mass in Paris' center area of Invalides, facing the Grand Palais, along the river Seine, during an impressive gathering of more than 150.000, French Prime Minister Fillon, Ministers Alliot-Marie, Bachelot, Dati, Jouyet, Assembly's President Accoyer, Senate's Chair Poncelet, former 1st Lady Bernadette Chirac, former Prime Minister Raffarin, many foreign Ambassadors, and other political personalities were present. (While earlier, from the Socialist opposition, Paris' Mayor Delanoye, artist Robert Hussein a.o. assisted at the Elysee meeting).

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But the "Entry Song" focused on the "People chosen to become God's Friends". The September 11 mass was Dedicated to "Saint Chrysostomus, that great priest of Constantinople", with his "wonderful eloquence and great courage to face challenges", who "made out of despaired and godless people, a people of brothers", opening a possibility to "become all one complete entity", as Pope Benedict reminded.

- "Reason never enters in real contradiction with Faith", stressed Pope Benedict, who prepared his speeches for France during a short Summer rest at Brixen/Bressanone's Seminar, whose Library honors both "Faith and Science".. - "We must use not only our Reason, but also our Faith" : "Get away from Idolatry", "cupidity", "avidity for money, power or even knowledge deviating from essential aims", and other "falses appearances". and "build your Home on the Rock", "with the force that Holy Spirit gives to those who let it act in them", he said to the People of Paris.

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Benedict at Lourdes : - "Become Light (even) in the Dark !"
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- "Our World needs Hope", stressed Pope Benedict, addressing an impressive TorchLight procession at Lourdes' sanctuaries, where a Sea of Lights held by Hundreds of Thousands of People gathered at Pyrenee's Mountains from all over Europe astonishingly kept their flames despite a heavy Rain at a windy Dark Night...

- "150 years earlier (1858 - 2008), ..here, in the cave, ... a simple young girl, Bernadette .. saw a Light". "The everyday life of her Family was, however, made of Misery, Sadness, Sickness, Misunderstandings, Rejection and Poverty... It was hard to live in Jail". Today, "we think to all Human Beings who suffer : The innocent Victims who face Violence, War, Terrorism, Hunger, Injustices, Catastrophes, Hate and Oppression, Violations of Human Dignity and of their fundamental Rights, of their Liberty to act and think. We also think to those who face Familial problems, sufferings from Unemployment, Sickness, Infirmity, Isolation, or their situation as Immigrants, without forgetting those who suffer and die for the name of Christ", he said.

- "But the Shadows of the Earth, did not hinder Sky's Light to shine : <<The Light shines in the Dark>>" ..."A Way full of Light opens in Human History even in its Darkest moments" : ..."As Night falls, Christ tels us : <<- Keep your Lamps alight !>>."Hold a Light while walking in the Night .. sums up our condition as Christians on their way : "We need light, and we are called to become Light !", Benedict stressed to People setting in motion Lights, Flags and Songs with enthousiasm.

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"<<- She looked at me as a Person, who speaks to another Person>>, the poor girl had noted."Light emerges from such a Dialogue", stressed the Pope : "A small Flame called Hope, Compassion and Tenderness dwells inside those who return after being moved by Lourdes' experience". "Christ .. entrusts us with the Mission to let the Light of Charity shine : To make of our Prayers an Act of Love to our brothers and to Fraternal Charity", he concluded.

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(../..)

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