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Home arrow newsitems arrow As EU eyes Libya Arms Embargo GNA drops UN Talks after Turkish Smuggler area hit at Tripoli.+Oil row

As EU eyes Libya Arms Embargo GNA drops UN Talks after Turkish Smuggler area hit at Tripoli.+Oil row

Parašė ACM
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
turkish_smuggling_area_hit_at_tripoli_seaport_400

*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- As EU renews its Monitoring of Libya Arms Embargo in the Mediterranean Sea, (Mission "Sophia"=Wisdom), after LNA hit a Turkish Arms Smuggling area at Tripoli SeaPort, GNA suspended Peace Talks, droped UN Geneva meetings, claimed cease-fire violation, asked "Sanctions" against the Opposition, (etc)...

But its Cronies were unable to do more than merely Deny that a Turkish Ship was still there "When" that Strike took place ; Claim that a ship would be "not technically Turkish" if this was covered under a "Flag of Seychelles registered Company"; and/or if another ship used an "Albanian Flag", but "Sailed from Mersin, Turkey on Feb.9 & arrived Tripoli in Feb.15" ; while, at any case, they didN't even dare Deny the notorious Fact that, Earlier, it was Not 1 but ...5 Turkish Military Frigates which had escorted at Tripoli SeaPort Cargos with Heavy Weapons, including Armoured Vehicles and "Hawk" Anti-AirCraft systems, (as Denounced even by UNO's Libya Envoy Salamé), added to UnPopular and Dangerous armed Gangs of Islamist Terrorists deployed by Turkey from Syria's Idlib "by Thousands", (See: ..., etc).             

=> Such "UnScrupulous Actors" (according to UNO's  Ghassan Salamé, recently), as those UnElected guys from the so-called "Government of National Accord" ("GNA"), that some inside UNO curiously persist to "recognize", Despite the Fact that they doN't even gather Any "Accord" at all in Libya, where they doN't control, no more, not even 1/3 of the Country, while, on the Contrary, the "National Libyan Army" is Supported by Libya's only Internationaly Recognized and Elected Parliament : that of Tobruk, where it was obliged to find Refuge, since the 2015 Violent Clashes with Islamist Militia in Tripoli, Backs General Haftar, who already controls the Biggest Part of the Country, and Nowadays just met with USA, EU and Russia Top Officials.

Curiously, Turkey criticized EU's decision on Air/Sea Monitoring of Arms Embargo on Libya, but, on the Contrary, ...praised Tripoli's GNA's decision to Suspend UN Geneva Peace Talks ! 

-----------------------------------

libyan_tribes_leaders_meet_400 

+ Meanwhile, the GNA's decision to Suspend UN-sponsored Peace Talks at Geneva, surprizingly Coincided wth the official Presentation of the "Conditions" raised by Libyan Tribal Leaders, (Allies of NLA's General Haftar), in order to UnBlock the Oil Pipelines heading Westwards, towards Tripoli's GNA, that they had, recently, Stoped flowing, in order to Oblige it to Hear their Demands : A move which had provoked a row, with the GNA claiming that it Threatened seriously Libya's Economy, while Refusing, however, to Negotiate with the East...

Now, those Conditions were Received at Geneva by UNO's Libya Envoy Salamé, who reportedly said that the were of "quite General" nature, and would be treated in the Context of the Economic aspects of the Libyan Issue. According to "Reuters", they are related with "overcoming Economic Divisions". Previously, a National Parliament's Spokesperson, had pointed towards "a Fair Distribution of Wealth".     

But Nothing concrete was revealed Today, while Tripoli's GNA did Not Comment on the substance of that Socio-Economic Differend.

However, Libya's Tribes' Leaders, gathered at a 2 Day's long meeting in Tarhouna (near Tripoli), reportedly Warned that this Problem would "Escalate", if there is still "No Reply" to their reiterated requests.

+Meanwhile, Tripoli's Matiga Airport had earlier suspended Flights again, after clashes, and Oil Tankers were nowadays reportedly withdrawn from Tripoli's SeaPort, after the latest incident (Comp. supra).

 

 

(../..)

 

("Draft-News")

 

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ECHR's President to "EuroFora" on Journalists Gongadze and Adali murders : Principles must apply to all States, without discrimination.


+ ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression (See below).


 European Court of Human Rights' President, Jean-Paul Costa, questioned by "EuroFora" on Journalists' murders, as in Gongadze and Adali's cases etc., strongly stressed all CoE Member States' obligation to make efficient Investigations to find and punish those responsible, and underlined that ECHR's case-law's principles must apply to all without any discrimination.

His call was clearly supported by various Top MEPs who denounced a risk of "Double Standards" if some Journalists' murders are investigated, while others don't.

To avoid such risks, CoE's Parliamentary Assembly adopted a Resolution, on the occasion of Ukranian Journalist Gongadze's murder, "stressing", as a matter of general Principle, "the importance it attaches to the safety of Journalists and political activists, especially those linked to opposition groups, in ALL member states of the CoE". All "crimes against journalists and political activists must be investigated ... as a matter of priority, without political interference".

Costa was replying to "EuroFora"s question on the fact that, after CoE's Committee of Ministers, also CoE's Assembly had just adopted a Resolution on Gongadze murder case, based on an ECHR's judgement of 2005, asking a full Investigation from Ukraine, who has found and condemned  in 10 years of jail 2 executants, but not yet the instigators.

While nothing similar was yet done for dissident Turkish Cypriot Kutlu Adali's murder, with 5 bullets shot at his head out of his Family's home in the territories of Cyprus occupied by Ankara's army, despite another ECHR's judgement of the same year 2005, and despite Turkey's claim that nobody was found among those responsible for the murder, and that there was nothing more to do..

In order to be credible and efficient, CoE's mechanisms shouldn't find a way to at least ask for full investigations of all Journalists' murders anywhere they might be committed, without exceptions ?

adali_gongadze


- "On the larger question that you raised, I'd like to say, since we are in a period of stock-taking on ECHR's 50 Years, that the Court's case-law developed certain concepts ....such as the Positive obligations of States, part of which are also the procedural obligations", started to reply ECHR's President.

 - "Whenever Journalists, Lawyers, Defenders of Human Rights, or even simple Citizens are murdered, the States are held responsible, not only if its their own security forces' agents who committed these murders, but also if they didn't make sufficiently substantial and efficient Investigations", he stressed.

- "I want to strongly underline that we (ECHR) have found in many cases numerous violations of Articles 2 and 3 against States, ....(about) murders or torture, ...because they didn't make enough Investigations in order to try to find and punish those responsible".

- "We (ECHR) do that vis-a-vis all 47 (CoE) Member States, without any discrimination".

"Naturally, the circumstances in each particular case may be differend, and we can't ommit to apply the rules of proof, or the rules of criminal procedure".

"But we try, by all means, to apply these principles of our case-law, to all States", he concluded.

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      Costa's call was strongly supported by several Top CoE MEPs, from various Political areas


- "To investigate the murder of one Journalist, and not of another, looks like Double Standards", denounced the President of EuroLeft Group in CoE's Assembly, Dutch MEP Tiny Cox.  

- "What is the reason ? Politics or specificity of a case ? Of course, if Cyprus and Turkey are involved, it's always a Political case"..

- "Murders of Journalists should always be fully investigated, because killing Journalists is not only killing persons, but also killing Free Press".  "We (CoE's Assembly) should do our outmost to help People who are working on Free Press and they are under threat or murdered".

Because for Free Politics, Free Press is a pre-requisitive : Parliamentarians  cannot  function without a Free Press. Not investigating, is not protecting ourselves".

So we should investigate all Journalists' murders : We are talking about Gongadze, about the Cypriot man (Adali), about the Journalist murdered in Moscow one week ago, etc", Cox concluded

- "CoE can' look at these cases differently. CoE can't wear Blinckers  !".
- "If the one is investigated, so has to be also the other. Why there wasn't full investigation ? Why's that ?", wondered British  Socialist MEP, Alan Meale.

- "A good idea" would be to "make a Motion for Resolution", and "join all Journalists' murders. Adali and Gongadze etc", said to "EuroFora" EU Parliament Political affairs Committee's President, Goran Lindbland, ChristianDemocrat MEP from Sweden.


(See also earlier News at "EuroFora" on similar issues).
-------------------------------

ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression :


    Almost Half of condemnations by ECHR for violations of Freedom of Expression in 2008, concern Turkey : 20 out of a total of 48 for all CoE's Member States.

    Russia, Poland, France and Moldova were condemned only 3 times. Romania, Greece, Portugal, 2 times, and the other CoE Member States only 1 time, or none.
--------------------
    During the last Decade : 1998 - 2008, Turkey was condemned for violating Freedom of Expression in ..169 cases, while Austria only in 24.

    France and Moldova in 14 and 13, respectively, closely followed by Russia and Poland with 11 and 10, respectively. The rest of CoE Member States had less than ten condemnations.    
    

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