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Home arrow newsitems arrow International Human Rights Institute Head, f. ECHR President, Costa to EF on PostHumanism +Surrogacy

International Human Rights Institute Head, f. ECHR President, Costa to EF on PostHumanism +Surrogacy

Written by ACM
Tuesday, 20 September 2016
 
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*Strasbourg/BNU/Angelo Marcopolo/- Experienced, Long-Time former President of ECHR, and currently President of the prestigious International Institute for Human Rights "René Cassin", Professor Jean-Paul Costa, (Comp. several Statements to "Eurofora" already published in the Past), Replying to an "Eurofora" Question on Toopical Developments about the Controversial BioEthical Issue of Surrogate Mothers, (alias "GPA" in French), confirmed his general Warning against "Post-Humanism" Dangers, as a matter of a Wider Principle, even if he made a special reserve, however, as far as it concerns a Particular matter of Childrens' Rights", (which is, however, Contested by several mainstream MEPs, and probably even by a Majority of MEPs, at CoE's PanEuropean Parliamentary Assembly : See Infra).


The move Topicaly came while a CoE Assembly's Committee was Hotly Debating and due to Vote a Controversial Draft Report and Resolution precisely on "Surrogacy" Tomorrow in Paris, (See infra), and was Sponsored by powerful Mutual Savings French Bank "Caisse d' Epargne" of Strasbourg's Alsace Region, which traditionaly keeps close relations to Germany's "Sparkäse" Network, including on various Humanitarian and/or Health Researh projects, (Comp. Infra).


Costa, in a landmark Speech at a Conference organised this Evening in Strasbourg's National University Library (BNU in French), had characteristicaly placed "Post-Humanism" and/or "Trans-Humanism", in a Similar Rank among "Dangers for Abuse" against Human Rights, as, f.ex. "NAZIs" Racism and Other "Ideologies which Negate the Human being" in the Past, side by side with the Nowadays "so-called Islamic State"'s Deadly Terrorism, even against Innocent Civilian People, that he Denounced as "a Tragic Negation of (Human) Life and Liberty", that, "in fact, has Nothing to do with Religion", since, inter alia, it also has made a lot of Muslim Victims (mainly of Shiite confession), as he said.


Referring to such "a Movement born some Decades ago in California" (USA), and "called Post-Humanism or Trans-Humanism", which "Claims to Enhance the Physical and/or Mental Capacities of some Human Beings, on the Basis of the Development of Bio-Technologies", Costa also Denouncved that Trend as "Dangerous, and even Very Dangerous", "as is also (Genetic) Cloning", - already Prohibited by CoE's PanEuropean/International Convention on Bio-Medicine and Human Rights", known as "Oviedo's BioEthical Convention", by the Name of that Spanish City in which it had been Initialy SIgned, back on 1998), as well as by a UNO General Assembly Resolution (which wants to OutLaw also the so-called "Therapeutic Cloning", i.e. the Cloning of Human Embryos for Genetic Manipulation in view of alleged "Medical Research Tests", etc, adopted on 2004), but also Various Other National, Regional or International Legal Texts - "that I Find InHuman", as he pointed out.


Significantly, President Costa's Conference was Titled : "Human Rights and Humanism", i.e. was related also to values and stakes concerning all Humankind.


Already, anOther Experienced actor at the PanEuropean Cultural Landscape, Jerome Clement, former President of Franco-German/European Radio-TV "ARTE" (HeadQuartered in Strasbourg, near EU Parliament's main Building), and currently President of the prestigious "Fondation de l' Alliance Francaise", speaking earlier here to Strasbourg's Journalists, including "Eurofora", during a Press-Lunch organized by Strasbourg's "Press-Club", was 1st to Speculate that "Post-Humanism" might, eventualy, become, in one way or another, even a Main Issue for "Hot" Public Debates f.ex. during the forthcoming, Crucial Presidential Elections in France, between April and May 2017, (See relevant "Eurofora"'s NewsReport at : ...).

"Eurofora" observed, in this regard, that, concerning the also "InHuman" and "Dangerous" Threat to Spread a Controversial and UnPopular "Surrogate Mothers" practice, (generaly known as "GPA", i.e. "Procreation for Others", in French language), which notoriously Threatens to Downgrade Women's wombs into Commercial merchandises, while also provoking obvious Risks for Genetic Manipulation of Human Embryos at a more or less Large Scale)", several Observers had Recently Criticized, inter alia, also a Controversial Ruling just issued, during this Summer 2016, by the French Highest Court for Legal Complaints against Decisions Taken by Public Authorities, the "Council of State" (alias : "Conseil d'Etat"), which, while still with Holding its Final Decision on that "GPA" Controversy (Comp. Supra), has, nevertheless, been Accused to -indirectly but surelty- Open a Breach towards Progressively Recognizing, eventualy, in the Future, totaly or partially, even that Horrible "Surrogate Mothers"' practice of (mainly Poor and/or Oppressed) Women pushed to Sell or Hire their Womb to Strangers in order to be abused for Artificial TransPlantations of In Vitro Fertilized Eggs, etc., blatantly Exposed to Easy Genetic Manipulations, Difficult or Impossible to Apprehend and/or Prevent sufficiently On Time.


In the Reply that he have us, President Costa, after Kindly Saluting "Eurofora"s co-Founder as a Journalist that he Personaly "Knew Well" (Comp. Supra), First observed that, indeed, "Your Question is Interesting, because it touches upon 2 Aspects of Human Life", as he said.


But, in substance, after reminding the Fact that, at least until now, the Controversial and UnPopular "Surrogate Mothers" ("GPA") practice has been "Suspended" in France and Countries, where it remains OutLawed as such, he also Felt that, only as far as it might Concent "the Best Interests of the Child", that recent controversial Ruling by the French Council of State, which allowed, for the 1st Time, for Children Born Aboard by Surrogacy (Prohibited in France) to be Officialy Registered as Sons or Girls of their Artificial Parents (i.e. those who "Bought" or "Hired" anOther Woman's Womb in order to Artificialy obtain a Child : Comp. also Supra), might, eventualy, be considered, exceptionaly, as Legitimated by a so-called "Right of any Child to have a Legal Identity", as he said, (pointing at anOther, mostly Technical or Practical matter, officialy UnRelated to "Surrogacy", but which may, obviously, be Abused as a Pretext for ByPassing, in certain cases, the persisting Prohibitions of "GPA" : Comp. Infra).


By doing so, Naturaly, Costa didn't Deny explicitly at all the Well-Founded Nature of the Widely Supported and Popular Legal Prohibition of that Horrible and Dangerous practice of "Surrogate Mothers", (notorioussly abused often in some Poor Areas f.ex. in India, etc), but, on the Contrary, went on to Acknowledge anew the "Great Topical Importance" of BioEthhical Principles nowadaysn as he Confirmed to "Eurofora" also later-on, this same Evening.


Indeed, (while Visiting Recently Strasbourg as Invited Keynote Speaker at a Political Event), Famous Writer and Politician Henri Guaino, a Long-Time No 2 Senior Councilor at the French Presidential Palace "L' Elysée", during Nicolas Sarkozy's 2007-2012 Presidency, and currently Elected MP at the French National Assembly, as well as a Candidate for the 2017 Presidential Election, a Gaullist, who has also become Known as one among the Leaders of the Popular Movement which emerged since 2013-2014+ in France, (following also Various other, Similar Trends for Growing Popular Protests, mutatis-mutandis, f.ex. in the UK, Croatia, Slovakia, Hungary, Russia, Italy, etc., even at the USA, etc), against Controversial Attempts to Impose not only a "Same Sex Marriage", but even UnPopular Submission of Children to Homosexuals' Power under Pretext of "Adoption", anounced to "Eurofora" his Intention to Call for "a Constitutional Reform, in order to Ensure that Homosexuals doN't get a Right over Children", in one way or another. Otherwise, inevitable Risks, both Against Childrens' Rights, Natural Family and even Humankind, particularly if that might result in a Growing Number of various Artificial Procreations of Human beings, including through Artificial Insemination of "Surrogate Mothers", etc, Risking to give too much Power over Human Births to a few Technocrats. 


And, as far as the above-mentioned, Controversial and UnPopular "Surrogacy" is concerned more particularly, (Comp. Supra), Experienced, meainstream CoE Assembly's MEP, Valeriu Ghiletchi, a ChristianDemocrat/EPP from Moldova, former Long-Time President of PACE's Social+Family affairs Committee, had already Warned "Eurofora", as Early as, already since the Latest, June 2016, CoE's PanEuropean Parliamentary Assembly's plenary Session in Strasbourg, (Comp. "Eurofora"s various NewsReports from that PACE June Session, f.ex. at : ... + ... +..., etc), that a Draft Report, prepared by a Socialist MEP, Petra de Sutter from Belgium, about "Surrogate Mothers", was, in fact, Attempting to Open Breaches towards a Dangerous Spread, in real practice, of that Controversial and UnPopular, blatant Violation of Both Womens' and Childrens' Human Rights, which provoked also obvious Risks against Humankind, (mainly by facilitating Massive Genetic Manipulations of Human Embryos, Contrary to Natural Births), under the Disguise of sme so-called "Childrens' Rights", which, in fact, were Exploited there as a Pretext.


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By the way, Introducing President Costa's exceptional Conference, BNU's New Director, Alain Colas, observed, inter alia, that the CoE is maintaining a Collection of unique Original Documents inside that landmark, Historic but recently fully ReNovated Building, and anounced his Intention to augment, in the foreseable Future, various such "Cultural InterMediation" Events of Topical Scientific and/or Socio-Political Interest.


Even more Deeply Rooted into Strasbourg's area Civil Society, Costa's Speech on "Human Rights and Humanism", (attended by a Numerous Audience from the CoE itself, ECHR, the BNU and the rest of Strasbourg's University, as well as from various Diplomatic Representations across CoE's 47 Member Countries, Human Rights and/or European affairs Students or PhD Researchers, etc, who Raised Many Questions, following that of "Eurofora"), had been Organized by an Historicaly Original Bank : "La Caisse d' Epargne" (Savings' Cash Desk) for the Alsace Region, which is particularly Competent also for Franco-German, as well as Swiss and even Austria-oriented Economic/Financial relations, as its Senior Officer, Member of the Governing Board, in charge of such Trans-National links, Marion-Jacques Bergthold told "Eurofora".

 
 
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This "Caisse d'Epargne", Mutual Savings Bank, which belongs to the 2nd Biggest Cooperative Bank in the World, and is the 2nd Biggest Bank also in France, has very Close and Systematic Relations with an Equivalent German Banking Group, that of "SparKäse", present throughout all the Territory of Germany and well beyond, Bergthold and other Officials told us, (including from Germany's "SparKäse") : Whenever such a German-speaking Businessman wishes to extend his activities in France, we systematicaly offer to Help him to move efficiently into the French Legal and practical Landscape, added Bergthold.


Historicaly, the "Caisse d'Epargne" movement had started, as Early as since 1818, already as a kind of "Philanthropic" endeavour, with a Social focus aiminng, particularly, to Help Workers SafeGuard their Salary Savings for Family, Health, Housing a.o. Insurance-like, but recently Evolved into one among the most Performant, even Digital-era equiped, fully-fledged Bank, (including "Natexis" Investment News and Financial Hub), Emilie Nauwelaers, its Communication Director, reminded to "Eurofora".


Earlier Today, "Caisse d' Epargne" signed a Sponsorship Agreement with the International Human Rights' Institute "René Cassin", according to which the Strasbourg Region Alsace's Savings Bank donated to Costa's prestigious Organisation an Annual Grant of 20.000 € during 3 Years, (i.e. more than 60.000 € in Total), destinated to Human Rights Education and Research.  

 
 
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But, more generaly, "Humanistic" concerns have always been at the forefront of "Caisse d'Epargne/SparKäse"'s policies, including by the Creation, several Years ago, of " Foundation Rhenan Solidarity", to help Old and/or Handicaped, as well as Illiterate Youngsters and other Fragile People, such as, f.ex. Poor People risking elsewhere "Bank Exclusion, sometimes just for 20 € !", as Explained, inter alia, the Experienced and charming "Caisse d' Epargne"'s Orientation and onitoring Council's President, Astrid Boos, (who Signed earler that Sponsorhsip Deal, together with Professor Costa, and that Savings Bank's CEO Luc Carpentier).


Topicaly, among the above-mentioned "Rhenan Solidarity Foundation"- supported Projects, is also included Medical Research officialy focused on Finding Cancers' a.o. Therapies. 

 

(../..)

 

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***


("DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora"s Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more Accurate, full Final Version, might be Published asap).

 

 

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  Ten Years of ECHR : 1998 - 2008 show need of Revival in 2009-2010 coinciding with 2009 EU Election
   

A threefold, coordinated move by new Top French Political actors in the 2009 EU Parliament Elections, expressed in Strasbourg a will to boost Europe's Political dimension close to Citizens' concerns, going from protection of Economy to defence of Human Rights.    

The move met an exceptional ECHR's call for a "revival" of Human Rights' protection mechanism', in a Mega-Conference, early 2010.   

Obviously focusing on June 2009 Elections to EU Parliament, it involved from the outset the recently nominated "dual" Head of French Governing Party (UMP)  Michel BARNIER and Rachida DATI :

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     - "As President Sarkozy has clearly said, we (France) are in favor of a Strong, Sovereign and Independent, Political Europe, which protects its Citizens, and not for a large Super-Market, nor for a Europe under influence",

    "This goes for everything, including Energy", added to "EuroFora" the experienced former EU Commissioner, Minister of Foreign affairs, currently of Agriculture and Sarkozy's new pick as Leader of the Governing party UMP to EU 2009 Election, Michel BARNIER                                              .                             

  - Human Rights are important because they are at the Heart of the Political Europe that we aspire for : I.e. a Europe able to act and protect its Citizens, stressed also the New French Minister for European affairs, Bruno LE MAIRE, while meeting Strasbourg's Journalists at his first visit to the CoE.   

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This is one of the main interests for CoE, which is also a natural place for cooperation between EU countries and Russia or Turkey, which was recently helpful at the Middle East crisis, he added.

The move gained momentum with French Minister of Justice, Rachida Dati's main observations at ECHR's 5Oth Anniversary :   

- "While we are seeking Europe's Borders and Identity, you (ECHR) remind us also of its Values", Human Rights, Dati noted.   

Citizens seek more and more often ECHR's help, and the tempo accelerates, Europa awaits a symbol, while national legal orders are not freezed   

And she expressed "support" to ECHR President Jean-Paul Costa's call to satisfy the vital need to revigorate the PanEuropean Court by deciding big changes at a High-Level Conference open to a large audience, a kind of "Etats Generaux" of Human Rights, at the beginning of 2010.       

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It's not so much the recently growing number of applications for Russia or Ukraine etc, which seems to be Costa's main concern : In fact, the cases declared "admissible" are much fewer...    

But rather the persistent violations of Human Rights, sometimes very grave (ie. murders, torture, abritrary deprivation of liberty, oppression of freedom of speech, destructions of homes/properties, etc), despite numerous, repeated condemnations by ECHR. So that CoE's Ministers, due to "supervise execution" of ECHR's judgements, are overloaded.   

F.ex. most Media noted that Turkey still remains, even in 2008, the 1st among 47 CoE member States in the number of condemnations by ECHR :  257, compared to 233 for Russia, with a population more than the double..    

The problem is that it's not the 1st time at all : During all the last Decade 1998-2008, Turkey was condemned by ECHR much more than any other State, and for particularly grave violations :   

- 1.652 condemnations, compared to 605 for Russia, 548 for Poland, 494 for France, 476 for Ukraine, etc.   

Italy's second place with 1.394 condemnations is a misleading false appearance : In fact, most of them (999) concern mere "procedural delays" in national courts. Same for France.   

On the contrary, Turkey was condemned 180 times for Killings, 192 times for Torture or Inhuman/Degrading treatments, 340 times for arbitrary deprivation of Liberty, 528 times for "Unfair trial", and 169 times for oppression of Freedom of speech, (etc). And the latest, 2008 numbers, indicate no change in this trend, (See supra).   

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ECHR's President, Jean-Paul Costa, stressed in its 2009 Annual Press Conference, CoE Member States' obligation to implement the judgements, according to Article 46 of the European Convention on Human Rights.   

Moreover, if CoE's Committee of Ministers delays to ensure implementation, then, the repetition of violations in similar cases provokes a multiplication of complaints tabled to the Court, which overload the mecanism for the protection of Human Rights, denounced Costa.          

A series of Debates on "the situation of Human Rights in Europe", focusing on the "need to fight against Impunity" of perpetrators of grave crimes, is  currently prepared by CoE's Parliamentary Assembly for the session of June 2009.  

The final Timing comes shortly AFTER the EU Elections, but the main Reports should have been adopted before.

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Thus, f.ex., EU Parliament's 1st vice-President, Greek MEP Mrs Rodi KRATSA, speaking to "EuroFora", agreed that 2009 EU Election would be a "naturally good" opportunity to debate what really interests EU Citizens : "The Future of a Political Europe, able to face the Economic Crisis, with a Culture and identity which attracts the People"

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(Photo taken earlier during Sarkozy's 1st visit at EU Parliament, in 2007 : Sarkozy and Merkel's Ideas for a Political Europe inspire also other EU politicians accross the continent)..
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