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Home arrow newsitems arrow International Human Rights Institute Head, f. ECHR President, Costa to EF on PostHumanism +Surrogacy

International Human Rights Institute Head, f. ECHR President, Costa to EF on PostHumanism +Surrogacy

Pisac ACM
20. 09. 2016.
 
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*Strasbourg/BNU/Angelo Marcopolo/- Experienced, Long-Time former President of ECHR, and currently President of the prestigious International Institute for Human Rights "René Cassin", Professor Jean-Paul Costa, (Comp. several Statements to "Eurofora" already published in the Past), Replying to an "Eurofora" Question on Toopical Developments about the Controversial BioEthical Issue of Surrogate Mothers, (alias "GPA" in French), confirmed his general Warning against "Post-Humanism" Dangers, as a matter of a Wider Principle, even if he made a special reserve, however, as far as it concerns a Particular matter of Childrens' Rights", (which is, however, Contested by several mainstream MEPs, and probably even by a Majority of MEPs, at CoE's PanEuropean Parliamentary Assembly : See Infra).


The move Topicaly came while a CoE Assembly's Committee was Hotly Debating and due to Vote a Controversial Draft Report and Resolution precisely on "Surrogacy" Tomorrow in Paris, (See infra), and was Sponsored by powerful Mutual Savings French Bank "Caisse d' Epargne" of Strasbourg's Alsace Region, which traditionaly keeps close relations to Germany's "Sparkäse" Network, including on various Humanitarian and/or Health Researh projects, (Comp. Infra).


Costa, in a landmark Speech at a Conference organised this Evening in Strasbourg's National University Library (BNU in French), had characteristicaly placed "Post-Humanism" and/or "Trans-Humanism", in a Similar Rank among "Dangers for Abuse" against Human Rights, as, f.ex. "NAZIs" Racism and Other "Ideologies which Negate the Human being" in the Past, side by side with the Nowadays "so-called Islamic State"'s Deadly Terrorism, even against Innocent Civilian People, that he Denounced as "a Tragic Negation of (Human) Life and Liberty", that, "in fact, has Nothing to do with Religion", since, inter alia, it also has made a lot of Muslim Victims (mainly of Shiite confession), as he said.


Referring to such "a Movement born some Decades ago in California" (USA), and "called Post-Humanism or Trans-Humanism", which "Claims to Enhance the Physical and/or Mental Capacities of some Human Beings, on the Basis of the Development of Bio-Technologies", Costa also Denouncved that Trend as "Dangerous, and even Very Dangerous", "as is also (Genetic) Cloning", - already Prohibited by CoE's PanEuropean/International Convention on Bio-Medicine and Human Rights", known as "Oviedo's BioEthical Convention", by the Name of that Spanish City in which it had been Initialy SIgned, back on 1998), as well as by a UNO General Assembly Resolution (which wants to OutLaw also the so-called "Therapeutic Cloning", i.e. the Cloning of Human Embryos for Genetic Manipulation in view of alleged "Medical Research Tests", etc, adopted on 2004), but also Various Other National, Regional or International Legal Texts - "that I Find InHuman", as he pointed out.


Significantly, President Costa's Conference was Titled : "Human Rights and Humanism", i.e. was related also to values and stakes concerning all Humankind.


Already, anOther Experienced actor at the PanEuropean Cultural Landscape, Jerome Clement, former President of Franco-German/European Radio-TV "ARTE" (HeadQuartered in Strasbourg, near EU Parliament's main Building), and currently President of the prestigious "Fondation de l' Alliance Francaise", speaking earlier here to Strasbourg's Journalists, including "Eurofora", during a Press-Lunch organized by Strasbourg's "Press-Club", was 1st to Speculate that "Post-Humanism" might, eventualy, become, in one way or another, even a Main Issue for "Hot" Public Debates f.ex. during the forthcoming, Crucial Presidential Elections in France, between April and May 2017, (See relevant "Eurofora"'s NewsReport at : ...).

"Eurofora" observed, in this regard, that, concerning the also "InHuman" and "Dangerous" Threat to Spread a Controversial and UnPopular "Surrogate Mothers" practice, (generaly known as "GPA", i.e. "Procreation for Others", in French language), which notoriously Threatens to Downgrade Women's wombs into Commercial merchandises, while also provoking obvious Risks for Genetic Manipulation of Human Embryos at a more or less Large Scale)", several Observers had Recently Criticized, inter alia, also a Controversial Ruling just issued, during this Summer 2016, by the French Highest Court for Legal Complaints against Decisions Taken by Public Authorities, the "Council of State" (alias : "Conseil d'Etat"), which, while still with Holding its Final Decision on that "GPA" Controversy (Comp. Supra), has, nevertheless, been Accused to -indirectly but surelty- Open a Breach towards Progressively Recognizing, eventualy, in the Future, totaly or partially, even that Horrible "Surrogate Mothers"' practice of (mainly Poor and/or Oppressed) Women pushed to Sell or Hire their Womb to Strangers in order to be abused for Artificial TransPlantations of In Vitro Fertilized Eggs, etc., blatantly Exposed to Easy Genetic Manipulations, Difficult or Impossible to Apprehend and/or Prevent sufficiently On Time.


In the Reply that he have us, President Costa, after Kindly Saluting "Eurofora"s co-Founder as a Journalist that he Personaly "Knew Well" (Comp. Supra), First observed that, indeed, "Your Question is Interesting, because it touches upon 2 Aspects of Human Life", as he said.


But, in substance, after reminding the Fact that, at least until now, the Controversial and UnPopular "Surrogate Mothers" ("GPA") practice has been "Suspended" in France and Countries, where it remains OutLawed as such, he also Felt that, only as far as it might Concent "the Best Interests of the Child", that recent controversial Ruling by the French Council of State, which allowed, for the 1st Time, for Children Born Aboard by Surrogacy (Prohibited in France) to be Officialy Registered as Sons or Girls of their Artificial Parents (i.e. those who "Bought" or "Hired" anOther Woman's Womb in order to Artificialy obtain a Child : Comp. also Supra), might, eventualy, be considered, exceptionaly, as Legitimated by a so-called "Right of any Child to have a Legal Identity", as he said, (pointing at anOther, mostly Technical or Practical matter, officialy UnRelated to "Surrogacy", but which may, obviously, be Abused as a Pretext for ByPassing, in certain cases, the persisting Prohibitions of "GPA" : Comp. Infra).


By doing so, Naturaly, Costa didn't Deny explicitly at all the Well-Founded Nature of the Widely Supported and Popular Legal Prohibition of that Horrible and Dangerous practice of "Surrogate Mothers", (notorioussly abused often in some Poor Areas f.ex. in India, etc), but, on the Contrary, went on to Acknowledge anew the "Great Topical Importance" of BioEthhical Principles nowadaysn as he Confirmed to "Eurofora" also later-on, this same Evening.


Indeed, (while Visiting Recently Strasbourg as Invited Keynote Speaker at a Political Event), Famous Writer and Politician Henri Guaino, a Long-Time No 2 Senior Councilor at the French Presidential Palace "L' Elysée", during Nicolas Sarkozy's 2007-2012 Presidency, and currently Elected MP at the French National Assembly, as well as a Candidate for the 2017 Presidential Election, a Gaullist, who has also become Known as one among the Leaders of the Popular Movement which emerged since 2013-2014+ in France, (following also Various other, Similar Trends for Growing Popular Protests, mutatis-mutandis, f.ex. in the UK, Croatia, Slovakia, Hungary, Russia, Italy, etc., even at the USA, etc), against Controversial Attempts to Impose not only a "Same Sex Marriage", but even UnPopular Submission of Children to Homosexuals' Power under Pretext of "Adoption", anounced to "Eurofora" his Intention to Call for "a Constitutional Reform, in order to Ensure that Homosexuals doN't get a Right over Children", in one way or another. Otherwise, inevitable Risks, both Against Childrens' Rights, Natural Family and even Humankind, particularly if that might result in a Growing Number of various Artificial Procreations of Human beings, including through Artificial Insemination of "Surrogate Mothers", etc, Risking to give too much Power over Human Births to a few Technocrats. 


And, as far as the above-mentioned, Controversial and UnPopular "Surrogacy" is concerned more particularly, (Comp. Supra), Experienced, meainstream CoE Assembly's MEP, Valeriu Ghiletchi, a ChristianDemocrat/EPP from Moldova, former Long-Time President of PACE's Social+Family affairs Committee, had already Warned "Eurofora", as Early as, already since the Latest, June 2016, CoE's PanEuropean Parliamentary Assembly's plenary Session in Strasbourg, (Comp. "Eurofora"s various NewsReports from that PACE June Session, f.ex. at : ... + ... +..., etc), that a Draft Report, prepared by a Socialist MEP, Petra de Sutter from Belgium, about "Surrogate Mothers", was, in fact, Attempting to Open Breaches towards a Dangerous Spread, in real practice, of that Controversial and UnPopular, blatant Violation of Both Womens' and Childrens' Human Rights, which provoked also obvious Risks against Humankind, (mainly by facilitating Massive Genetic Manipulations of Human Embryos, Contrary to Natural Births), under the Disguise of sme so-called "Childrens' Rights", which, in fact, were Exploited there as a Pretext.


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By the way, Introducing President Costa's exceptional Conference, BNU's New Director, Alain Colas, observed, inter alia, that the CoE is maintaining a Collection of unique Original Documents inside that landmark, Historic but recently fully ReNovated Building, and anounced his Intention to augment, in the foreseable Future, various such "Cultural InterMediation" Events of Topical Scientific and/or Socio-Political Interest.


Even more Deeply Rooted into Strasbourg's area Civil Society, Costa's Speech on "Human Rights and Humanism", (attended by a Numerous Audience from the CoE itself, ECHR, the BNU and the rest of Strasbourg's University, as well as from various Diplomatic Representations across CoE's 47 Member Countries, Human Rights and/or European affairs Students or PhD Researchers, etc, who Raised Many Questions, following that of "Eurofora"), had been Organized by an Historicaly Original Bank : "La Caisse d' Epargne" (Savings' Cash Desk) for the Alsace Region, which is particularly Competent also for Franco-German, as well as Swiss and even Austria-oriented Economic/Financial relations, as its Senior Officer, Member of the Governing Board, in charge of such Trans-National links, Marion-Jacques Bergthold told "Eurofora".

 
 
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This "Caisse d'Epargne", Mutual Savings Bank, which belongs to the 2nd Biggest Cooperative Bank in the World, and is the 2nd Biggest Bank also in France, has very Close and Systematic Relations with an Equivalent German Banking Group, that of "SparKäse", present throughout all the Territory of Germany and well beyond, Bergthold and other Officials told us, (including from Germany's "SparKäse") : Whenever such a German-speaking Businessman wishes to extend his activities in France, we systematicaly offer to Help him to move efficiently into the French Legal and practical Landscape, added Bergthold.


Historicaly, the "Caisse d'Epargne" movement had started, as Early as since 1818, already as a kind of "Philanthropic" endeavour, with a Social focus aiminng, particularly, to Help Workers SafeGuard their Salary Savings for Family, Health, Housing a.o. Insurance-like, but recently Evolved into one among the most Performant, even Digital-era equiped, fully-fledged Bank, (including "Natexis" Investment News and Financial Hub), Emilie Nauwelaers, its Communication Director, reminded to "Eurofora".


Earlier Today, "Caisse d' Epargne" signed a Sponsorship Agreement with the International Human Rights' Institute "René Cassin", according to which the Strasbourg Region Alsace's Savings Bank donated to Costa's prestigious Organisation an Annual Grant of 20.000 € during 3 Years, (i.e. more than 60.000 € in Total), destinated to Human Rights Education and Research.  

 
 
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But, more generaly, "Humanistic" concerns have always been at the forefront of "Caisse d'Epargne/SparKäse"'s policies, including by the Creation, several Years ago, of " Foundation Rhenan Solidarity", to help Old and/or Handicaped, as well as Illiterate Youngsters and other Fragile People, such as, f.ex. Poor People risking elsewhere "Bank Exclusion, sometimes just for 20 € !", as Explained, inter alia, the Experienced and charming "Caisse d' Epargne"'s Orientation and onitoring Council's President, Astrid Boos, (who Signed earler that Sponsorhsip Deal, together with Professor Costa, and that Savings Bank's CEO Luc Carpentier).


Topicaly, among the above-mentioned "Rhenan Solidarity Foundation"- supported Projects, is also included Medical Research officialy focused on Finding Cancers' a.o. Therapies. 

 

(../..)

 

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("DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora"s Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more Accurate, full Final Version, might be Published asap).

 

 

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    The recent paradox of freezing EU Talks with front-runner Croatia, while continuing controversial EU - Turkey talks, despite Zagreb's acceptance of Refugees' Human Rights to return, that Ankara refuses fex. in Cyprus, while both have "Good Neighborhood" problems vis a vis Slovenia, or Greece, Cyprus and Armenia respectively, can it be justified by the non-fullfilment of EU criteria, as Slovenia says, or, is it "Double Standards" ?    

The question became unavoidable after statements by Presidents of Slovenia and Croatia, Tuerk and Mesic, respectively, to "EuroFora", exclusively or among Strasbourg's journalists this week at the CoE, on the sidelines of its 2009 Summer University for Political Schools, which topically brought them together as successive key-note speakers.


    Comming only a few Months before EU checks Turkey's compliance to its commitments on Cyprus, etc., scheduled for December 2009, this obviously has a special importance for the coherence of EU Enlargement's principles.

     Suspension of EU Negotiations is a normal consequence in case of a Candidate Country's failure to fullfil EU Conditions, such as "Good Neighborhood relations", stressed at first Slovenian President Danilo Tuerk, current CoE's chair.

    But, regarding EU's Criteria,  there shouldn't be any "Double Standards",  reacted Croatian President Stjepan Mesic, commenting the fact that Turkey's controversial EU negotiations continue, while they were recently "freezed" in the case of Croatia, an "unquestionably European Country", which oficially accepts to respect Refugees Human Rights, contrary to Ankara's notorious refusals or reluctance.                                       

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           - "EU itself has set as a Criterium (for EU Enlargement) the "Good Neighborhood relations",  and their absence justifies the "Suspension" EU Negotiations, (f.ex. with Croatia), because of a Border dispute affecting the territorial integrity of an EU Member Country, stressed Slovenian President, Danilo Tuerk, CoE's Chairman in office (May - November 2009), speaking to Journalists in Strasbourg including "EuroFora".    

Questioned earlier what "consequences on EU's Enlargement policy" can have the "Ban on EU Membership Negotiations", imposed to Croatia, Tuerk replied that "this question comes down to the fulfillement of (EU) Criteria for membership. One has to look at each Candidate Country ., from the point of view whether it fullfils the Criteria that EU has set. One of them are Good Neighborhood Relations, I'd like to remind. And also, there are other factors, such as Justice, Home affairs, Rule of Law, and others".


    - "Now, ..Candidate Countries are at Different Levels of fulfillement of Criteria", he observed.

    - " Croatia is obviously the closest to that. I'm rather optimistic : I think that in the coming Months we'll have an opportunity to look at all these issues constructively and hopefully we'll be able to make progress". "My main concern, at this point, is the situation in Bosnia : We haven't seen enough progres domesticaly. We haven't seen enough during ..political parties within their country.We need a New Energy, a new energetic move towards the Candidature for EU membership. "Other (Western Balkan) Countries (Serbia, Montenegro, FYROM, Albania) have been making soaring Progress, and I think that they should be ready, in a few Years, for the Candidate status".

    - "As far as the Western Balkans are concerned, .. nobody should be left outside" the EU, Slovenian's President concluded, ommitting to mention Turkey's controversial EU bid.

    - "This process may be seen as Slow, but..  Slovenia has also has also been exposed to various "Booms of Slowness" in our accession period. But now we can say that the process was relatively quick, because changes which occur after becoming EU member, are quite large, and they require proper Preparations before the (EU) membership becomes a new factor, an impacting line for a new (EU) member country".
----------------------------

EU "Solidarity" ?
------------------------------   

Slovenian statements made some participants from certain 3rd Countries as FYROM, etc. claim that "the Principle of EU Solidarity" would "produce a.. rising European Union Nationalism (sic !), against Non-EU Countries", as they said, asking unhappy foreign countries to form a "bloc" to exert pressure on the EU...    

But Croatian President Stjepan Mesic dismissed that, supporting "EU Integration", "after the Economy also in Political" issues, as "the achievement" of our times. In EU there is "diversity, but it's United", he stressed, "EU has to be United so that it can become a central factor of Peace" also at the surrounding areas, he replied.

croatian_president_mesic_ 

Speaking later exclusively to "EuroFora", the experienced twice President of Croatia, former President of the International "Non-Aligned" movement, denounced "Double Standards" in the way EU treats recently Croatia compared to Turkey :   

 - "I think that there shouldn't be Double Standards", stressed the Croatian President, in reply to a Question comparing the freeze of EU - Croatia talks, with the continuation of EU - Turkey talks, despite the fact that Croatia is an "unquestionably European country", while Turkey's EU bid is notoriously controversial.


    Mesic was reacting to the observation that, even if he confirmed his "respect of Refugees' Human Rights to return, etc. (See infra), nevertheless, EU talks are suspended with Croatia.. While for oher, controversial candidates, who refuse to respect Refugees' Rights to return, etc., as fex. Turkey does in occupied Cyprus and elsewhere, EU negotiations continue".

    - "I believe that Croatia's accession will confirm that all European Countries who fulfill all of the Conditions and achieve European Standards, have to join the EU. There shouldn't be any Double Standards", went on to add in reply President Mesic.

    In this relation, Croatia's President found "of paramount importance", CoE's "mechanisms enforcing ECHR's judgements"
    
    - "On Refugees and Displaced persons, the process will be completed only after the last person demanding to return will be allowed to do so !", President Mesic Croatia stressed earlier, setting a general standard of obvious importance also for otherr candidates, as f.ex. Turkey, often accused to exclude or heavily restrict Greek Cypriot Displaced persons' return to their Family Homes and ancestral land, provoke difficulties to Turkish-Kurd IDPs return to their home regions at the South-East, etc.

    Some "2.000 People are still reported Missing" in former Yugoslavia, for some Years, (as in Cyprus, modern Europe's oldest case, for 3 Decades. Nagorno-Karabach, Tcecnya in Russia, etc, more recently), and Investigations "will only be completed after establishing the fate of the last one of them", he added.
    
    Speaking earlier on "War Crimes", President Mesic stressed that "Leaders are responsible for (the) Wars (of the Past), not the People", and called against Impunity :  "Individuals have to be held Responsible for Crimes. International Penal Tribunals have to persecute those individuals", perpetrators of War Crimes, he underlined.

    Such statements naturally made Mesic rather popular at ECHR, whose President, French EuroJudge, Professor Jean-Paul Costa, looked particularly smiling when he welcomed him later on Wednesday afternoon, after Slovenian President Daniko Tuerk earlier this week.
           

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