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Home arrow newsitems arrow GermLine Manip. staged as outcry v. China, is US Obama Lobby Hypocrisy=> Need for Trump+Xi joint NO

GermLine Manip. staged as outcry v. China, is US Obama Lobby Hypocrisy=> Need for Trump+Xi joint NO

Written by ACM
vendredi, 30 novembre 2018
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- An Investigation of Real Data reveals that what was presented, these Days, as a public outcry against an obscure Chinese Researcher, at a far away Province in China, abusively testing a Germ-line Manipulation on 2 newborn Chinese Babies, Revealing that at "a Conference in China", and triggering mainly Western Countries' strong Criticism for Dangerously Changing the Genome across Future Generations, by the Gene-Editing new Technology of CRISPR-cas9, seems to be, in Fact, the Opposite :


- I.e. a staged Attempt by a USA-based Lobby linked to former President Barack Hussein Obama's "Socialist" Dems' Big Pharma Establishment, to Export, Publicize, and soon Impose currently illegal and Prohibited Genetic Manipulations on Human Embryos, even despite obvious Risks, not only for the Cobays, but also for Humankind's Future, and Contrary to National and International Legal Rules, by undermining and Skiping the legitimate Policy of New US President Don Tump, (at least partly Similar to those of his predecessor Republican former US President GW Bush, as well as to various Other, mainly Conservative Heads of State around the World, old and new, among those Heads of State/Government gathered these same Days in Argentina for the "G-20" Summit, which may offer a Timely Occasion, incl to start Firmly Confirming some core Principles, including after Trump - Xi's, much awaited USA-China Bilateral Top Meeting at its Conclusion)...


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 Indeed, the Young Chinese rogue Researcher, He Jiankui, who notoriously Manipulated the Heritable Genome of 2 Embryos, before they gave Birth at a Southern Chinese Province, had been, in fact, Educated in the USA, Both for his PhD. and Post-Doc. Work, during former US President Barack Hussein Obama's era, on 2010 and 2012, respectively :

I.e., by a striking "Coincidence", precisely just after Obama had Lifted, (by his 1st Important Decision, back since March 2009), most of a former Prohibition of Federal Funding for Genetic Manipulations of Human Embryos, (which had been Established and Confirmed, Earlier, by his predecessor, Republican former US President GWBush, twice, on 2001 and 2005+).


+Moreover, Both his 2 US Mentors were California "Dems", Educated during former US Presidet Bill Clinton's era in the 1990ies, and Appointed Professors of University, Heads of Institutes, etc., at Key Jobs for Human Genetics raising big BioEthical Issues, during another "Socialist" ("Dem") President, Barack Hussein OBAMA, (2010-2016) :


- F.ex., Professor Michael Deem, (his PhD. former Director), at Rice University, Texas, a Specialist of "BioMedical Engineering", including on "HIV" and the "Immune System", as well as "Viruses", "Vaccines", etc, (i.e. Precisely there where Jiankui Manipulated Genetically those 2 Chinese Babies, reportedly seeking to make them Immune during their Lives and even Generations),  even eyeing at "Evolution that accounts for Cross-Species Genetic Exchange " (sic !), according to his own presentation, whose Research is Funded by several US Government Authorities (f.ex. in Health, Energy and Defense, etc.), as well as by USA's National Academy of Sciences, whose President, Marcia McNutt, was appointed during Obama's era (from 4/2016), openly Supporting OBAMA's "Climate Change and National Security" policy since 2016, and even OBAMA's plaidoyerie for "Heritable Gene Editing" on Humans sooner of later in the foreseable Future, (Published in a February 2017 Report). Deem reportedly told to the American Press that he had also Participated personally to several Concrete Steps taken by Jiankui in China recently, (f.ex. by Meeting on the spot the Parents of those Genetically Manipulated Embryos, in order to Ensure their "Consent", etc)...


- But also Stephen Quake, (Jiankui's "Post-Doc" Mentor, around 2010-2012), at Stanford University, California, (whose "Nevro-Science Institute" is "led" by the same 3 Professors "who jointly led the working Group for President Barack OBAMA’s <<BRAIN>> research initiative") :

Professor of Bio-Engineering, Inventor of "new DNA Sequencing technologies", and New "Pre-Natal Tests", etc., as well as "co-President of the Chan-Zuckerberg Bio-Hub, Founded by American FACEBOOK's Inventor Mark Zuckerberg and his Asiatic-origin Wife (a Medical "Pediatric"), with "Head of Science" a "Genetician and Neuro-Biologist", Cori Bargmann, who "co-Chaired the National Institutes of Health committee that set goals and strategies for President OBAMA’s <<Brain>> Research", etc., and "Policy" Head David Plouffe, Manager of Barack OBAMA ’s 2008 Electoral Presidential Campaign". as well as "White House Senior Advisor to President OBAMA", (etc)...  


In Addition, Quake is also Member of Stanford's "Nevro-Sciences Institute", recently ReNamed "Wu Tsai Nevro-Science", after $ 250 Millions funding, just last October 2018, by Clara Wu Tsai and Joe Tsai, co-Founder and vice-CEO of the notorious "ALIBABA" Group, a "Global Internet technology company based in CHINA", (See also Infra). Tsai's "generous Gift will help" not only to "treat Brain Injury", but, "as well as ENHANCE BRAIN functions, to Improve Lives", significantly notes an Official Press Release from Stanford.  And "Wu Tsai" added that, “Ultimately, we hope (that) the Research undertaken at the... Neurosciences Institute will lead to ...Treatments that impact millions of People by Prolonging their Lives and MAKING them MORE ...PRODUCTIVE", as she claimed.

In Fact, Joe Tsai is Not part of Real China at all, since he holds a Taiwan Citizenship, has been Born in Taiwan, (where his Wife also comes from), Educated in the USA, and even Living, initially at Hong Kong, and later in the USA, (at California, notoriously Controlled by Obama's Dems/"Socialists/Liberals"). He's the Only among "AliBaba"'s Managers to do so, and had been, in the Past, just 1 among its ...18 co-Founders ! In order to be accepted for that, he had reportedly left, initially, a USA Job paid $ 7.000, for an Alibaba job paid only ...$ 600 !


+ Even More Important : The so-called "CONFERENCE in China", where Jiankui revealed in Public his above-mentioned Heritable Gene-Editing on 2 Babies, (Comp. Supra), was, in Fact, located in ...HONG-KONG, (a former British overseas Colony, until recently, Still having a Special Status Nowadays), was almost entirely Focused on GENE EDITING, and Sponsored by a UK and USA outlets :


- Indeed, it was mainly co-Sponsored by the American "National Academy of Sciences" (NAS), a Private, Peer-Managed Institution, whose current President has been Appointed at OBAMA's era, Back since April 2016 :


Significantly, NAS' President, Marcia McNutt, had practically Started her career there, by Publishing from September 2016 a 1st Report on OBAMA's "Climate Change and National Security Policy", while, as a Last Move from OBAMA's Out-going Administration, precisely on BioEthics, NAS Published, at the beginning of February 2017, a Report, precisely on the Controversial but Important Issue of Heritable GENE EDITING of Human Embryos, where it practically Warned that the pre-existing Prohibition seemed due to be Lifted, under certain Conditions, in the foreseable Future...


+ In Addition, it's USA's "Howard Hughes' Medical Institute", HHMI, ( 2nd-Best endowed Medical research Foundation in the World, with 22,6 Billions $), which PAID :


-  that Conference's co-Organizers, as the Inventors of "CRISPR-cas9" Gene-Editing Technology, Feng Zhang and Jennifer Doudna,


-  as well as Richard Hynes, HHMI's Investigator and co-Chair of NAS' Committee which had Published the above-mentioned Report on Prospects for the (until now illegal) Heritable Gene Editing, (OBAMA's LAST MOVE, back on 2/2017 : Comp. Supra),


- and even ..."AP"'s Press Agency itself, (which was the 1st to Start Publishing a Series of News Articles on He Jiankui's Controversial acts, creating a Mass Medias' "Tsunami" effect of Publicity Worldwide)...  


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=> So that, Obviously, the North American, US and Obama-related Links, mainly of various "Socialist"/Dems' Technocrats on Bio-Genetics, etc., were, by far, the Most Important Factor in Jiankui's case,


while, on the Contrary, the alleged "Chinese" Links appeared, Comparatively, much Weaker and UnCertain :


- Among others, f.ex., Jiankui, reportedly, had to get an "UnPaid Leave", almost since the Beginning of 2018, from his recent work at the "Southern University of Science and Technology", in Shenzhen, (South-Eastern China), and conduct his above-mentioned Controversial Activities OUT of that University's Campus, at a non-disclosed location, Secretly...


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=>  In such a Context, Most Public Comments on Jiankui's controversial acts, Both from the USA and from China, or Elsewhere, appeared more or less Critical :


- F.ex., the Technical University where he worked, at Southern China, reportedly stressed that Jiankui "seriously Violated Academic Ethics and Standards".


- A collective Letter Signed by some 100 Chinese Scientists reportedly Urged the Public Authorities to Monitor efficiently Gene Editing, and Condemned that experiment.


- The Head of "China Association for Science and Technology", Huai Jinpeng, reportedly called that "Despicable and Damaging for China's Image".


- Various International and/or American Experts reportedly called such acts "UnExpected and Deeply Disturbing".


- Mainly Western and other Scientists, (including at the above-mentioned Hong Kong International Conference), reportedly "Warned of Far-Reaching Effects", while "we have No Idea what Future Risks there may be".


- Notre Dame Law School professor O. Carter Snead, a former Presidential adviser on Bio-Ethics, was reported as calling this case “Deeply Troubling". Medical Ethicist Julian Savulescu of Oxford University, reportedly called such "experiments" "Monstrous".


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- But several, mainly USA Dems' comments, appeared, in fact, to rather pay a mere Lip Service on Criticizing simply Procedural and/or Timing Aspects, while, on the Contrary, seeking an Occasion to Prepare a recalcitrant Public Opinion for a forthcoming use of such Controversial and UnPopular Methods, sometime in the Future...


- F.ex., some Focused Only on Asking for some undetermined and vague "Ethical Procedures", "Transparency", etc., while Leaving the Essence of such Acts to be, eventually, more or less Tolerated, perhaps under certain Conditions, Later-on.


- In thsis regard, Typical is the above-mentioned "Chan-Zuckerberg BioHub"'s stance, in California (indirectly linked to Jiankui : Comp. Supra), which Limits itself into only expressing "Concerns", related to "Transparency", "Ethical and Medical Criteria", etc, while, at the Same Time, it Praises what it calls "CRISPR Technology"'s "Tremendous Potential", which, as they Claim, "Must (sic) be Pursued", simply "within (undetermined) Community Standards", accepting even OBAMA's era's NAS' Controversial Report, published on 2/2017, "For the Use of Heritable Genome Editing" (Comp. Supra) !...


- Several People reportedly found "Astounding", the Obama era - appointed (2016) Dean of Harvard's  Medical School, George Daley's abstention from condemning the present case, but Only calling it as a mere "MisStep", while Urging that "it's Time to ...Start outlining ...an actual PathWay for Clinical translation" (sic !)..., as he said at that strange Hong-Kong's Conference organized by some UK-USA Lobbies, (Comp. Supra).


 - Scandalously Threatening a Morbid Blackmail, an even Worse Claim was reportedly launched when some evoked a Nightmare Scenario :  F.ex. if a new Killer Virus arises (as the Black Death in Medieval Times, or Obama's era 2009 "Mexican"/California Deadly Virus, etc), withOut Vaccine, but Only some People's Genes being able to Resist => Wouldn't, you, then, feel Obliged to implore for a kind of ...Genetic Antidote to the current and next Generation ?


- "This is a Technology that could Save the Species, (sic !) potentially", pompously claimed f.ex., Harvard's Stem Cell Institute's IVF Doctor, Werner Neuhausser, in that Gene Editing Conference at Hong Kong...


- "We, as a Species need to maintain the flexibility to Face Future Threats", by "Taking Control of our Heredity", reportedly went on to Add, apparently in that Same (Blackmail) Line, also the Obama-era (2016) appointed, controversial Harvard Medical School Dean Daley...


-----------------------------


>>> On the Contrary, "Other Voices asked for a BAN on Germ-Line Editing", a Journalist from "Technology Review" observed, (See also Infra).


- In mainland China, Science and Technology vice-Minister, Xu Nanping, reportedly accused that Heritable Genetic Manipulation of 2 Babies to have "Blatantly Violated China's relevant Laws and Regulations", since "Clinical operations of Genetic Editing for Human Embryos is Strictly Prohibited in our Country", as he observed, citting, f.ex., inter alia, also a 2003 Rule, etc.


=> "This is Shocking and UnAcceptable : We (China's Government) are Resolutely Opposed !", the competent Minister reportedly stressed.


- Therefore, he Requested to Suspend the Scientific/Technological Activities of those who Committed such Acts, (reportedly Repeated over 7 Embryos, from which only 2 were Born), and anounced that the Next Step of China's Ministry of Science and Technology will be to male a full and objective Investigation on those Incidents, so that the Competent Authorities will be able to Deal with those who are Responsible, according to the Laws and Regulations.


- UK's "Socialist"/Labour Establishment's Newspaper "Guardian" claimed that, at least that 2003 BioEthical Rules would Not foresee any "Sanctions", but it canNot be Excluded a priori Any Possibility for Various Convincing Measures versus those who Violate the Norms on such Important Issues for Both the People immediately Affected, but Also for all Humanity.

 

usa__fda_head_gottlieb_at_us_national_press_club_2017_400


+ In the USA, it's FDA's New Chief, Commissioner, Dr. Scott Gottlieb, (appointed by New US President Don Trump on 2017), reportedly slamed "certain Uses of Science", which "should be Judged InTolerable, and cause Scientists to be Cast Out". F.ex., "the use of CRISPR to Edit Human Embros, or Germ-Line Cells, should Fall in that bucket", Gottlieb pointed out : A Restriction which should reportedly apply on Cells which are "for (Human) ReProduction".

-------------

coe_convention_on_human_rights_and_dignity_regarding_biomedicine_oviedo_1997_eif_1999._wikipedia_presentation_400

 


=> In this International Context, from a PanEuropean point of view, the 47 Member Countries (including Russia) strong CoE in Strasbourg has Just Published Today a Press Release on the above-mentioned Events, (Heritable Gene-Editing on 2 Babies, and that 2nd International Conference on Human Genome : Comp. Supra), reminding the Fact that its' "Convention on Human Rights and BioMedicine (alias "Oviedo Convenion" of 1997)", which is "the Only International, Legally Binding instrument, addressing Human Rights in the Bio-Medical Field", "provides a Unique Framework" for that Purpose, Distinguissing mainly between :


- "better Understanding of the Causes of Diseases, and their ...Treatment", in order "to Improve Human Health", where "these Technologies have considerable Potential for Research", from one side


- and "the Application of Genome Editing Technologies to Human Gametes or Embryos", which, "however, ...Raises many Ethical, Social, and Safety Issues, particularly from any Modification of the Human Genome, that could be passed on to Future Generations",


=> CoE Topicaly observes that, Both "these Expectations and Concerns, remain very Relevant Today, with regard to those Genome-Editing Technologies".

coe_booklet_on_oviedo_convention_human_rights__biomedicine_2009_ed._400


- Indeed, "the Oviedo Convention", already "represents the outcome of an in-Depth Discussion at European level, on Developments in the BioMedical Field", including, "particularly", "Genetics".


+ In Addition, Nowadays, "Addressing these Issues is the Aim" of the Work carried out by the "Human Rights - BioMedicine" Group of Experts, inside the CoE, observes the PanEuropean Organisation of Strasbourg, (concerning, evenmore, a matter for which that relevant Convention's Mechanism is always Open to the Accession even of Non-European States, from Anywhere in the World)...

coes_oviedo_conventions_20th_anniversary_international_conference_strasbourg_400

------------


- Indeed, "this Work" is "Guided by the Aknowledgement of Positive Perspectives" in "the Development of Knowledge in ...Genetics", from one side, "But also by the greater Possibility to Intervene and Control Genetic Characteristics of Human Beings", from the Other side.


=> This Fact is "Raising Concern, about Possible MisUse and Abuses, in particular the Intentional Modification of Human Genome, so as to Produce Individuals or Groups endowed with Particular Characteristics, and required Qualities", CoE Warned.


>>> On this Crucial point, "Article 13 of the Convention, addresses these Concerns about Genetic Enhancement, or Germ-Line Engineering,


by Limiting the Purposes of any Intervention on the Human Genome, (including in the Field of Research), to Prevention, Diagnosis or Therapy" only, CoE stressed.


+"Furthermore, it Prohibits any Intervention with the Aim of Introducing a Modification in the Genome of any Descendants", (i.e. in the Germ-Line), clearly observes CoE, thus Excluding any Heritable Germ-Line Manipulation, as that Nowadays made by Jiankui, (Comp. Supra).

 

 [NDLR: However, Despite that CoE's Legal Protection of Human Genome from most Genetic Manipulations, (particularly when they seek to Modify the Germ-line permanently), it's also a Fact that Many CoE Member Countries, headed, initially, by Germany, etc., have notoriously Refused to Ratify that "Oviedo" Convention, by arguying that it would leave Too Much Discretion even to potentialy Dangerous BioMedical Interventions, especialy on Heritable Human Gene-Editing.

In this regard, "Eurofora" has witnessed Both the Exasperated Outburst of angered critical German and other Experts, (f.ex. also from Cyprus, etc), when that Draft had been Adopted by a Committee in Strasbourg, already Back on 1996-1997, and the quasi-Despair of an eminent former Long-Time President of CoE's competent Experts, (from Portugal), when he Denounced the existence of a stubborn Division and Opposition, between National Experts who wanted to Better Protect Human Embryos, and Other Experts who pushed, on the Contrary, to Weaken even More CoE's legal Safeguards, forming 2 Camps, then led by Germany or the UK -governed by ChristianDemocrats/Right or "Socialists"/Left, respectively- which Provoked, soon, even the ...Suspension or Dissolution of CoE's Working Group on Human Embryo, during the 2.000ies !

So that, Afterwards, it was mainly at UN level that a Majority, inspired particularly by World-Famous former Long-Time Pope John-Paul II from Poland, adopted a relevant Resolution at UN General Assembly for the Protection of Human Embryo from Genetic Manipulations, just before his Death, on 2004/2005. The move was Supported also by former USA President GW. Bush, who had already Adopted a Strong Relevant Measure, Prohibiting Federal Funding to Genetic Manipulations of Human Embryos from August 2001, and, following his Brillant Re-Election, he also Opposed his Veto to an Opposed, deviationist Draft Bill, from a Dems'-controlled Congress, after 2005.]
------------------


=> Finally, observing anew "the Fundamental Questions raised by ...Recent Technological Developments", particulaly on "the Ethical and Legal Challenges raised by ...Emerging Genome-Editing Technologies", CoE Topicaly reminded Today  its December 2015 Decision to "Examine" those "Challenges", and to "use" the "Principles laid down in the Oviedo Conention", (Comp. Supra), also "for the Debate called for at International Level", (as it's also foreseen "in its Article 28" on the "Need for such Debates").
___________________________


=> Will, new US President Don Trump, and China's President Xi Jinping, be Inspired by the Firm Stance on basic Human Rights' Principles, that showed recently their Competent Authorities, (Comp. Supra), and Reminded also the PanEuropean CoE Today, (ibid), when they will Meet Together for a Long Working Diner, also on other Topical Global Issues, as Trade, etc, at the Conclusion of the on-going "G20" Summit in Argentina, Saturday Evening in Buenos Aires ?


In Fact, the Political Developments in Key Countries such as Brazil, and also Argentina itself, partially Italy, etc, where New, Conservative Leaders of the Right have been notoriously Elected by the People, might, eventually, Facilitate even a much Wider common Stance for BioEthics inside the "G20" Summit.


But, at any case, at least President Trump should realize that it's Important Not to Leave such Key Issues to some Shady Manouvers mainly by Obama's "Socialist" a.o. Lobbies, (Comp. Supra), which still exert Pressure for Technocrats' desiderata to be Imposed against People's basic Human Rights, with Dangerous Threats for Humankind's Future.


And the Precedent of former US President GWBush's unexpectedly Brillant Electoral Win, Back on 2004, (a Fellow Conservative himself), against the Dems' "Socialists", with a 3 Millions Votes - Large Margin, mainly over his Solid and Principled Stance on the Protection of Human Embryos from Genetic Manipulations by greedy Technocrats, proved, once again, that there is an Important, yet untapped Potential throughout all those "Evangelicals", "Born Again", and various Other Christians, or simply Grassroots American People notoriously living at USA's "Heartland", the Mobilisation of whom can become a Game Changer in view of the Next, 2020 US Presidential Election, which will be the most Crucial Test. for USA's foreseable Future, (but, perhaps, also of the World).


At any case, let's hope that this Argentina Meeting will help, if not an immediate Agreement, between the North American and Chinese Presidents, Strong on BioEthical Principles and Values, for the sake of both their People and all Humankind, at least a useful Preparation for such -much needed- Positive Developments asap.


Even the Sad news about the Death of Historic former US President (1989-1993) George H. Bush Senior, aged 94, (shortly after his inseparable Wife, Barbara, passed away, earlier this Same Year), anounced by his Son, GWBush junior, himself former US President twice (2001-2009), can be read as a Symbol : Twice vice-President with Ronald Reagan, CIA Director, Ambassador to the UN, etc., GHBush, (who oversaw the End of "Cold War" and Germany's peacefull ReUnification, etc), had also served as USA's Liaison with ...China !


And we shall never forget that Night of Autumn 2004, when all Polls were giving Only an UnCertain  50 - 50 % Draw to his Son, GWBush, on his Re-Election attempt, until Late Evening, making Father Bush to urge him to go to Sleep, overNight, in order to be Ready for Tomorrow Morning, himself staying Awake throughout all that exceptionaly "Long" Night. Until he was Surprized to Find that, UnExpectedly, the Young GWBush had just Won with a Crystal-Clear + 3% Margin, after a Big Number of USA Heartland's People, (Christians and others), had suddenly Decided to Massively go Vote for his Son, when it became Clear that he really intended to keep his Promise to Protect Human Embryos from Genetic Manipulations by Technocrats, as he realy did, later-on, Marking the Importance of Key BioEthical Issues for simple but genuine American People, then, as, Hopefully, also Now...

 

Nowadays, it's for conscious People, and their Elected Authentic Representatives, to SafeGuard the Independence, Security and Freedom of Natural Human Biths, instead of Abandoning the crucial issue of Human Beings' Reproduction to Artificial Manipulations controlled by a Handfull of Technocrats, (Comp. Headline PHOTO/Patchwork).


Several conscious and important Intellectuals have already Warned for the Need to Prevent such Dangers to Slyly Impose a Monstruous AppartHeid, which Threatens to be the End of Humankind, (Comp., f.ex., inter alia, also : Aldus Huxley : "Brave New World", Eugene Zamyatin : "We", Mary Shelley : "Frankenstein", HGWells : "Time Machine" + "The Island of Dr. Moreau", etc).

Today, it's, obviously, for Presidents Don Trump and Xi Jiping to decide first, as well as for the International Community at large, in a really Democratic, Transparent, Well-Informed, Efficient and Timely way, and Not for a Shady Powerfull Lobby of Misleading Technocrats, Hypocritically pursuing, in fact, their selfish interests, badly Hidden behind a Fake Smokescreen, (Comp. above-mentioned Facts)...  

 

Nowadays, it's for conscious People, and their Elected Authentic Representatives, to SafeGuard the Independence, Security and Freedom of Natural Human Biths, instead of Abandoning the crucial issue of Human Beings' Reproduction to Artificial Manipulations controlled by a Handfull of Technocrats, (Comp. Headline PHOTO/Patchwork).


Several conscious and important Intellectuals have already Warned for the Need to Prevent such Dangers to Slyly Impose a Monstruous AppartHeid, which Threatens to be the End of Humankind, (Comp., f.ex., inter alia, also : Aldus Huxley : "Brave New World", Eugene Zamyatin : "We", Mary Shelley : "Frankenstein", HGWells : "Time Machine" + "The Island of Dr. Moreau", etc).

Today, it's, obviously, for Presidents Don Trump and Xi Jiping to decide first, as well as for the International Community at large, in a really Democratic, Transparent, Well-Informed, Efficient and Timely way, and Not for a Shady Powerfull Lobby of Misleading Technocrats, Hypocritically pursuing, in fact, their selfish interests, badly Hidden behind Fake Smokescreens, (Comp. above-mentioned Facts)...  

 

Many Facts show that, either they'll guarantee the Respect of current Principles OutLawing Genetic Manipulations on Human Embryos transmissible to Future Generations, or it will be, sooner of later, the End of Humanity as such, (Comp. Supra).

 

 

(../..)
 

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
-------------------------
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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