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Home arrow newsitems arrow Crucial EU Summit discusses Right Economy, EU Citizens Free Movement +Foreign Policy Strategies

Crucial EU Summit discusses Right Economy, EU Citizens Free Movement +Foreign Policy Strategies

Written by ACM
Thursday, 23 June 2011
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*Brussels/Angelo Marcopolo/- When German Chancellor Angie Merkel, emerged after the rain and a long period of waiting at EPP Summit in the Royal Academy in Brussels, she looked sober, strong and smiling, her eyes reflecting the sun which succesfully fought to pierce gray clouds just before, "perhaps, one of the most crucial EU Summits", as EU Parliament's President, Jerzy Buzek said later to Journalists, including "EuroFora", because "the EU faces big Challenges, both internal and external", as he explained pointing at the on-going developments in 3rd Mediterranean Countries and the so-called "Greek Debt" issue (See briefly infra), for which, French President Nicolas Sarkozy, (notoriously active both in Financial and in GeoPolitica issues), had just called a pre-Summit Top level meeting, together with Merkel, etc., Barroso and Van Rompoy, EU Commission and EU Council's Presidents.
 
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Even if Merkel calmly described to Journalists, including "EuroFora", this Summit as that of Croatia's Accession to the EU, (a move obviously due to strengthen EU's Cutural/Historic Identity and GeoPolitical Cohesion, probaby closely followed by Serbia, a.o.Western Balkan Countries), and of decisions to strengthen EU's Economic Governance by adopting several Tools, as well as on EU Citizens "Shengen" system for Freedom of Movement and Security, added to  EU's Southern Neigborhood policy (mainly on Syria and Libya, etc), while "Greece"s issue would be decided only afterwards, once that Athen's Parliament would have voted, according to Financial Ministers' earlier choice, nevertheless, it was obvious that the ambiant mood among Media and politicians was, for a large part, focused on €uroZone's imminent issues..  

- "We (EU) have to find practical solutions in order to advance forward, looking at the Future", resolutely stressed in his reply to "EuroFora"s question, the President of the biggest EU Parliament's political Group, that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP, Joseph Daul,

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But, meanwhile, EU Parliament's President, Jerzy Buzek, later launched a crystal clear call to EU Heads of State/Government, to be Careful not to Harm EU Citizens' Rights to Freedom of Movement, as already enshrined for many Years in the Shengen system, which has become one of the most Popular Symbols of the Benefits of EU Integration to EU Citizens, contrary to obvious attempts to maniulate Europe by sly traps provoked from External factors, which, in fact, coud and shoud be adressed otherwise.

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And, pointing at "New Perspectives at the Horizon", experienced former EU Commission's President, former Prime Minister of Luxembourg Jacques Santer, (a very Friendly to Journalists Top EU Official, as "EuroFora"s co-founder had personaly experienced), also recalled, during a special event at June 2011 EPP's Summit, the long and interesting History of the ChristianDemocrat/EPP Party in European politics and the construction of Europe. Santer's re-appearance inevitably reminded also the fact that it was only after a notoriously Manipulated, injstitutional Coup d' Etat, that a former "Socialist" Majority in EU Parliament ousted his Commission, back on 1999, under hollow Pretexts, in fact relating to Incidents which had been initially provoked during a previous, "Socialist" Delors' EU Commission's Chair, (including  "Security" Service Scandals, etc), that some managed to throw Europe in the Institutional and Financial Problems it had to face after the 1999-2001 intrusion of Turkey's unpopular and controversial EU bid (See relevant, earlier "EuroFora"s publications).

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 Turkish repesentatives were furious that Ankara hadn't been given a "Candidate" Status already at the 1997 EU Summit at Luxembourg, whose EU Presidency preferred, instead, to focus on the creation of €uroZone to deepen EU Integration, (comp. the reaction of Jean-Claude Juncker to a Turkish Journalist insisting to press on Ankara's EU-bid even in a Press point in Srasbourg for a Conference on "Euro" Currency : - "We are speaking now about Venice, Not Istanbul !"..) Thus, the unexpected ousting of Santer in 1999 was just one amidst a long series of exceptional Incidents which suddenly started to hit Critics of Turkey's contoversial and unpopular EU bid, f.ex. EU Top Officials slandered and dismissed (f.ex. Jacques Santer : 1999); Key Ministers killed in "accidents" (f.ex. Yannos Kranidiotes, 9/1999); experienced Journalists harassed, aggressed, slandered and oppressed; crucial Elections snatched with Razor-thin votes' difference via obvious Manipulations (f.ex. Greece 4/2000, Germany 2002 : exit of Edmund Stoiber); even Women Political Prisoners in Turkey atrociously Burned Alive and Killed during Turkish Army Attacks in their Cells without noone reacting, etc.. This resulted, in 1998-2002+, in one of the Worst periods in EU History, Responsible for the 1999-2004+ unpecedented Majority Abstention in EU Parliament's Elections ;  the 2005 "No" to EuroReferenda which blocked EU's Institutional development ; and the 2008-2009 revealed "Greek" Debt Crisis, against €uro, (in fact provoked by the 1999-2001 "Turkey's EU bid in exchange of Greece's too early entry in the €uroZone" Politico-Financial Deal) etc. 

Precisely,  the obvious Question is : How could EU advance forward to a better future if it ignored some key errors of the Past and did nothing to rectify, invent new, differend solutions, and avoid any similar problem in the future ?

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- "You are probably Right !", throughtfully replied the experienced former Prime Minister of Slovenia and former EU Chairman, EPP Party Leader Janez Jansa, to "EuroFora"s critical reminder of the 1999-2001 Politico-Financial Deal, between some former "Socialist" Governments, which let Athens enter €uroZone earlier than normal (i.e. without doing the necessary Reforms, mainly by disguising a growing Debt), in exchange of Athens' closing its eyes on Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU bid, i.e. droping any previous objection on Human Rights/Democracy, War Threats, Egean Sea Territorial Revendications and Cyprus' Occupation by Turkey, etc... - "It's, indeed, Strange, that some alowed one EU Member Country (Athens of 220000) to enter €uroZone earlier than normal, while they delayed another EU Member State, f.ex. Lithuania, pretexting of a much smaller, comparatively, Debt, of only 1,2% : This proves that some had abused, in the Past, of "Double Standards !", Jansa denounced.

The well known results were a Political Blockade and Delay of EU's Institutional Development, by provoking 3 "No" to EuroReferenda in France, the Netherands and Ireland between 2005-2007, (recently overcome in 2007-2009, after French President Sarkoy and German Chancellor Merkel promised to the People that they'll oppose Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU bid, allowing the Lisbon Treaty to go forward since December 2009/January 2010), as well as to push the Greek Economy into a slipery slope, with a growing Debt, (mainly due to many Nepotist Lackeys and a Mass of Clientelism who snatched too many, counter-productive Cushy Jobs in the State, the Public Sector, Media, etc.), until the Global Crisis (and George Papandreou's cry) pushed it all out to the blue, right in front of the Lime-Lights since late 2009... Thus, Global Financial Markets' Speculators found a rare opportunity to blow it up out of any proportion, or even attempt to abuse of this pretext in order to attack the €uro, la    ter-on, according to a well known story..

Meanwhile, the only beneficiaries were a former "Socialist" Government in Greece, which managed to stay in power (even with less than 1% more in controversial votes) for some 4 Years more (2000-2004), sticking to an electoral Base of some Cushy-Job Holders, Lackeys or even Corrupted public sector Agents who exploited the period of Nepotism since the 1980-2000 period, (See supra and Infra), and .... the Turkih Government, which receives, since then, almost 800.000 Millions € ieach Year from EU Taxpayers money, in Grants, (including the Poor, obliged to pay VAT+), as well as any other real Anti-European in the World, glad to see the EU face political and financial problems, just at the moment that Europe appeared ready to seriously face USA a.o. Economic Competition succesfuly.. Facing such facts, as that 1999-2001 "Turkey for €uroZone" Politico-Financial Deal (See supra), one may understand, today, EU Parliament's current wish to refuse, inside the Future EU Economic/Financial Stabilisation Mecanisms and €uro "Plus", to let room for Political Manoeuvering also in the Future, when it comes f.ex. to Sanctions versus one or more EU Member States for hacing failed to respect EU's Criteria, prefering, in this case, "Autiomatic" Sanctions...

But the EPP Brussels' Summit was, in fact, .."Hijacked" (both in the Media, and during more than "3 Hours of discussions", as well informed sources told Journalists, including "EuroFora") by the issue of "Pressure" allegedly exerted on the .. EPP Greek Opposition Leader, Antonis Samaras, in order to convince him to drop his objections to a Plan previously negotiated by the current "Socialist" George Papandreou Government, together with Liberal EU Commissioner Oli Rehn and the outgoing Socialist ECB President Claude Trichet, as well as EU Commission President Jose Barroso, an able EPP but initially elected back in 2004, i.e. when most EU Governments were "Socialists", as well as Jean-Claude Juncker, a good and experienced politician, including on several Past Coalitions with Socialists, particularly after a currently USA-led IMF, as well as US President Obama himself, reportedy started to press Europe to ask for more Guarantees for its Aid to face the "Greek" Debt that some had put on Greece's and €uroZone's shoulders, (as a French Socialist Media Journalist questioned later at an EU Council Press Conference tonight),including for it to be necessarily endorsed also by the Opposition, (i.e. mainy Samaras' "New Democracy" party, particularly as far as it concerns the "2012, 2013 and 2014 prospects", (according to Barroso"s observations on the Time Horizon).  

-    However, "we have a big Responsibility", as the Largest EU Parliament's political Group (thar of ChristianDemocrats/EPP) since the 2009 EU Elections (i.e. for the period 1999-2014), warned EU Parliament's President, Jerzy Buzek, at the EPP Summit, as "EuroFora" noted on the spot ...with a Pencil produced, precisely, during the 2009 EU Vote, as we explained to an astonished Samara's aid who pointed at it with curiosity... Antonis Samaras' main line, in fact, appears to be, in substance, that the main Opposition party (ChrtistianDemocrats/EPP of "New Democracy"), does share the principal Objectives on the need to make Economies in Public Spending, to decide Privatizations, etc., (and "we'd even advance further" on such points, as "EuroFora" was told in Brussels), but warns that this shouldn't have been agreed by George Papandreou alone, i.e. without any really efficient Measure on Developing the Economy, by stimulating Production, in order to avoid Recession, so that Greece can find inside its own Economy enough Resources to become able to pay back that Debt of the Past. 

- "Otherwise, Papandreou would be obliged to come back, only 3 Months later, and ask again and again for more Money !" (to pay to Banks' Speculators), "EuroFora" and other Journalists were told. Nevertheless, despite some Headline official declarations about having said "No to the Error", so that "Now, it's up to the Greek People to decide", (etc.), in fact, Samaras conceded in Brussels that he "Shall Vote" certain Key Points of the proposed Plan, at the forthcoming Greek Parliament's crucial session Next Week, so that it seems that all depends on what will be voted by a "ND-PASOK+" de facto, large coalition, and what won't be voted, but cleary rejected, by the main Opposition Party... An unknown to the Public factor, against which, the recent Movement of "Revoted People", (inspired from the "Tunisian "Jasmin"/Democratic Revolution, as it started also to spread even in some EU Countries, such as Portugal, Greece and Spain, (etc), has just anounced Tonight that it intends to multiply Mass Demonstrations in Athens' "Constitutional Square", right in front of the Greek Parliament.during the next few days...  


However, EU Council's President, Herman Van Rompoy, warned at the conclusion of a Press Conference for the 1st Day of EU Summit in Brussels tonioght, that, on this issue, "we are right at the Edge of the Precipice !": as he stressed, launching a call to all involved to agree a practical solution asap, as is also reflected in a Draft EU Summit's Conclusions' paper, which circulated to the Journalists, including "EuroFora", this late Thursday Evening.

Apparently in order to reply to Samara's partial objections to the Draft Plan agreed with George Papandreou (See supra), EU Commission's President, Jose Barroso, said to Journalsts in Brussels, including "EuroFora", that he reiterated, detailed and reinforced a recent "Initiative" to help Greece absorb the EU Funds for Structural policy projects that belong to her, but which Athens is currently hindered to use, because it has been deprived of the necessary Money to Co-Finance any such project : F.ex by lifting the co-financing threshhold up to 85%, (Greece paying 15%), by prividing Technical assistance to present new, interesting Projects, etc, as far as it concerns this almost 1 Billion € estimated unused EU Funds already earmarked from the Past to EU Member Greece.

Contrary to some Appearances, nevertheless, a legitimate Question remains : - How could be really  faced the challenge of that huge Debt steming from the Past 1980-2000 era, IF all that Salary Mass abused since the 1980-2000 by a large Number of Cushy-Job Holders, Political Lackeys, Corrupted or even, sometimes, Criminal Individuals who have exploited, during the recent Decades, the Nepotism, Discriminations, Corruption, or Crimes (even Deadly), notoriously committed by some Past "Socialist" a.o. Governments, to the detriment of the Greek People and Economy, as well as against the rest of €uroZone ?

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 The Sum of Money at stake (i.e. Benefits, Salaries and various other "Advantages" payed    during all these Years to that residu of a notoriously Counter-Productive, Selfish, Corrupted, sometimes Criminal cast -in some cases  even Deadly) is already Huge. Taken together with the Fact that soon, almost or even all, of those unpopular and counter-productive Cushy-Job Holders, Lackeys, Corrupted and/or Criminals, now risk even to demand to be Paid without doing Nothing, by getting also "Retirement" rigts, for the Next 20 or 30 Years ! ... (while many of their victims, mainly Young People, would remain tragically unemployed or obliged to do anything just to survive).. Several Economists know perfectly well that all those counter-productive Salaries, and other benefits (often, .. 13th, 14th, even "15th Month salaries" !) represent a lot of Wasted Money, (at the same time that it's desperately needed elsewhere, either to Invest in Production, or to Help innocent People unjustly thrown in real need and threatened with extreme poverty and social exclusion).

It might very well be at this key-point that Ethics and Morality could become able to meet also Economic Efficiency, perhaps, thanks also to the Popular peaceful (mainly Young People) Demonstrators' movement, inspired from Tunisia's "Jasmin Revolution", and currently spreading even in Portugal, Spain, Greece, etc., which asks, (at least in the Greek case), for "Direct Democracy" against unpopular Bureaucrats, stresses the "Fight against Corruption", ("without Time Deadlines" : i.e. something Interesting  for the preconised Remedy, given the particular importance that the Period 1982-2002 has for it: See supra). Obviously, such adequate moves may Help to largely Reduce the provoked Debt...
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But, meanwhile, is really €uroZone's current situation so Hard today, as some claim, (particularly Overseas) ?

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It certainly doesn't correspond to the Fact of Germany's notoriousy Booming Economic Growth motor, currently able to compare Worldwide, particularly after Chancellor Merkel's succesful will to focus on creating "Growth", as she had stressed already during her Speech at the German Parliament, as early as since the Global Crisis' era of 2009, (comp. "EuroFora"s NewsReports from Berlin then). Neither to France's +2,1% Growth forecast for 2011, (i.e. even Better than French Government's initial estimations !), nor to President Sarkozy's recent remark, at the G8 Summit that he chaired on May in Deauville, that, despite everything,nevertheless, the €uro stands Higher than the Dollar in the Markets, up to 1,40, while the experienced and succesful Economy Minister Christine Lagard gathered large Support for her New IMF Head bid now at Washington D.C., this same week that EU Commission vice-President Tajani has just anounced at Paris' Bourget Mega-Airshow that EU will succeed to complete a full Satellite Navigation System, (See Takani's earlier anouncement to "EuroFora", from the start of April, already sent to "EuroFora"s Subscribers/Donors earlier), etc. 
 
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USA pressure on EU's Economy even made, tonight, EU Commission's President Jose Barroso, proudly demonstrate in front of all Journalists, including "EuroFora", the pages of his Report to the EU Heads of State/Government June 2011 Summit in Brussels, where he exhibits interesting and Topical Graphics clearly showing the fact that USA's Debt and Deficit are currently much Higher" than EU's ! ...

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For all these reasons, German Chancellor Angie Merkel was justified to appear Serein, Proud and Optimist, earlier Today,  at her Landmark Speech to the ChristianDemocratic/EPP Summit, reminding its Activities, particularly during the recent 20 - 30 Years, also with EPP party President Wilfried Martens, etc, engaged in =efforts to advance forward European Integration, just after its Historic ReUnification, while also claiming a Political and Socio-Economic Strategy and Philosophy "based on the Values of Human Dignity", as she stressed.

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Having exceptionaly chosen Belgium's Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences, a formerly Military School surrounded by a splendid Garden with huge Trees in the middle of Brussels, European People's Party (which notoriously holds today the large Majority of EU Member State's Heads of State/Government), has, indeed, the responsibility and Historic Mission (given by the 2009 EU Elections, as well as many National 2007-2010 Elections in a growing number of EU Countries) to decisively overcome any petty Bureaucratic deviation risks, and, timely inspired also by this June 2011 Symbol, conceive and realize the Right EU Strategy with Art.

 
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***

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
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    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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