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Home arrow newsitems arrow EU Rapporteur Bresso+Top MEP Brok to EF: EUParliament tackles Commission+Council. =>Citizens' role ?

EU Rapporteur Bresso+Top MEP Brok to EF: EUParliament tackles Commission+Council. =>Citizens' role ?

Written by ACM
Tuesday, 12 February 2019

*Strasbourg/EU Parliament/Angelo Marcopolo/- Various unprecedented, big Political Power Games are deploying in full, in the run up to May 2019 European Election, and one of them unfolds between EU Parliament and EU Commission+Council, where EU Citizens could play a Key Role, as it results from the Replies given to a relevant "Eurofora"s Question by EU Rapporteur on Lisbon "Treaty provisions"' about MEPs' "Power of Political Control over EU Commission",  Mercedes Bresso, vice-President of the Socialdemocrat Group, from Italy, and Experienced Top German ChristianDemocrat/EPP MEP Elmar Brok from Germany, (also Shadow Rapporteur here).

=> In fact, EU Parliament wants Commission + Council to Change the way they work, after 2019 Elections, and this is Related also with EU Citizens' potential role in the foreseable Future, particularly considering relevant Parallel Developments, (See Infra).


 - During the Press Conference which followed the Adoption of that Report with a very Strong Majority of 494 Votes in favour,

 "Eurofora" raised a Question on "EU Parliament's role in the European Decision-Making process, After the May 2019 Elections", observing the Fact that, already, "at the Last Plenary Session, on January 2019", another Report made "a similar Criticism, as well as Proposals, concerning the EU Council" (Comp: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/euparliamentonombudsmanandeurofora.html, etc), and "Now, you go after EU Commission".


=> - "What will come Next ?", particularly concerning also EU "Citizens' (possible) role" in the foreseable Future, we asked.


- EU Parliament Rapporteur's reply to "Eurofora"'s Question, went straight to the main point :  - "It's for (EU) Citizens to Raise Questions on the Issues that they wish, and for us (MEPs) to Reply", she stressed.



 - Today, "We have adopted a Report on (EU) Citizens' Initiative, which aims to Ameliorate the situation, in relation to the question that You raised", replied vice-President Bresso to "Eurofora", pointing also at a recent (2017-2018) effort to Facilitate the launching of new European Citizens' Initiative.

+ And in this Report (of 2019), we insist that the Political Control (Monitoring) on the (EU) Executive must become Stronger, particularly by allowing to EU Parliament to augment Transparency, as Citizens want to know what is going on inside EU Institutions and Parliament", she added.

+ Now, "the Issue that You ("Eurofora") raised is Important", and "I think that it's related to the SpitzenKandidaten process":  EU "Citizens should know that by Voting for a Party, this can lead to his appointment of a Candidate (at EU Commission's Head) in order to implement a certain Policy. This makes more interesting the various Programs proposed by each Party".

- But, "Institutions canNot substitute themselves to (EU) Citizens" : In fact, "It's up to EU Citizens to Raise the Issues that interest them, and, afterwards, we (EU Politicians) can search to find Solutions", she suggested. Thus, "one of the most Frequent Questions raised by EU Citizens, when we meet with them, is why EU Parliament does not have a possibility of Legislative Initiative", Mercedes Bresso regretted.

=> Therefore, one can easily imagine, that EU Citizens might, eventually, Cooperate with EU Parliament, in the foreseable Future, in order to boost, helping eachother, a kind of Legislative Initiative, by joining forces Together...

F.ex. MEPs would Agree with EU Citizens which Measures should be prepared by the EU, so that the latter would present them as an European Citizens' "Initiative", while EU Parliament could also Monitor EU Commission's Response to such a MEPs-Backed EU Citizens Initiative, so that it will be taken seriously into consideration, and enacted in form of a new Legislative proposal.

Naturally, if EU Parliament, meanwhile, accepted also "Eurofora"s main Project, about EU Citizens' Debates with MEPs before taking Decisions affecting those People's Lives and/or Society at lage, this would broker an interesting Alliance boosting both EU Parliament's Democratic Legitimacy and practical Influence in EU's Decision-Making (Comp. Supra).



+ Moreover, Pointing at the Other Issue raised by "Eurofora"s Question, i.e. on EU Council, (Comp. Supra + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/euparliamentonombudsmanandeurofora.html, etc ), experienced Top Christiandemocrat/EPP MEP Elmar Brok from Germany, observed, immediately Afterwards:

- "We (EU Parliament) Asked for a Genuine 2 Chambers' System. In fact, already the (EU) Council is a Legislative body, and, therefore, it should hold its meetings in Public, with Transparency so that EU Citizens would know how its Decisions are taken, and Who is Responsible for what".

=> So, it's for the (EU) Council to Change its Procedures, it should Change the way it works". This is absolutely Essential !" Otherwise, some Basic "Constitutional Principles are flauted in EU Institutions", he Criticized.

+ Also, Brok went on to add, vis a vis EU Commission : - "Compared to National Parliaments, there are some Differences with EU Parliament : F.ex. in the way that various EU Commissioners are Elected :  We (MEPs) have More Powers on the Appointment of EU Commissioners than the National Parliaments have (with Ministers). Thus, f.ex., we can exert Pressure on EU Commission's President about the choices of individual Commissioners, while the same is not possible f.ex. in Germany or the UK, where National Parliaments simply vote for a Prime Minister, who chooses afterwards his/her Government.

- Moreover, there are various "Views on whether we (MEPs) could oblige, or not, a Commissioner to Resign, afterwards", (etc).

- So, "We are currently discussing and Reflecting on these (open) Questions", he Warned for the foreseable Future, as far as MEP's Political Control is concerned.






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  Ten Years of ECHR : 1998 - 2008 show need of Revival in 2009-2010 coinciding with 2009 EU Election

A threefold, coordinated move by new Top French Political actors in the 2009 EU Parliament Elections, expressed in Strasbourg a will to boost Europe's Political dimension close to Citizens' concerns, going from protection of Economy to defence of Human Rights.    

The move met an exceptional ECHR's call for a "revival" of Human Rights' protection mechanism', in a Mega-Conference, early 2010.   

Obviously focusing on June 2009 Elections to EU Parliament, it involved from the outset the recently nominated "dual" Head of French Governing Party (UMP)  Michel BARNIER and Rachida DATI :


     - "As President Sarkozy has clearly said, we (France) are in favor of a Strong, Sovereign and Independent, Political Europe, which protects its Citizens, and not for a large Super-Market, nor for a Europe under influence",

    "This goes for everything, including Energy", added to "EuroFora" the experienced former EU Commissioner, Minister of Foreign affairs, currently of Agriculture and Sarkozy's new pick as Leader of the Governing party UMP to EU 2009 Election, Michel BARNIER                                              .                             

  - Human Rights are important because they are at the Heart of the Political Europe that we aspire for : I.e. a Europe able to act and protect its Citizens, stressed also the New French Minister for European affairs, Bruno LE MAIRE, while meeting Strasbourg's Journalists at his first visit to the CoE.   


This is one of the main interests for CoE, which is also a natural place for cooperation between EU countries and Russia or Turkey, which was recently helpful at the Middle East crisis, he added.

The move gained momentum with French Minister of Justice, Rachida Dati's main observations at ECHR's 5Oth Anniversary :   

- "While we are seeking Europe's Borders and Identity, you (ECHR) remind us also of its Values", Human Rights, Dati noted.   

Citizens seek more and more often ECHR's help, and the tempo accelerates, Europa awaits a symbol, while national legal orders are not freezed   

And she expressed "support" to ECHR President Jean-Paul Costa's call to satisfy the vital need to revigorate the PanEuropean Court by deciding big changes at a High-Level Conference open to a large audience, a kind of "Etats Generaux" of Human Rights, at the beginning of 2010.       


It's not so much the recently growing number of applications for Russia or Ukraine etc, which seems to be Costa's main concern : In fact, the cases declared "admissible" are much fewer...    

But rather the persistent violations of Human Rights, sometimes very grave (ie. murders, torture, abritrary deprivation of liberty, oppression of freedom of speech, destructions of homes/properties, etc), despite numerous, repeated condemnations by ECHR. So that CoE's Ministers, due to "supervise execution" of ECHR's judgements, are overloaded.   

F.ex. most Media noted that Turkey still remains, even in 2008, the 1st among 47 CoE member States in the number of condemnations by ECHR :  257, compared to 233 for Russia, with a population more than the double..    

The problem is that it's not the 1st time at all : During all the last Decade 1998-2008, Turkey was condemned by ECHR much more than any other State, and for particularly grave violations :   

- 1.652 condemnations, compared to 605 for Russia, 548 for Poland, 494 for France, 476 for Ukraine, etc.   

Italy's second place with 1.394 condemnations is a misleading false appearance : In fact, most of them (999) concern mere "procedural delays" in national courts. Same for France.   

On the contrary, Turkey was condemned 180 times for Killings, 192 times for Torture or Inhuman/Degrading treatments, 340 times for arbitrary deprivation of Liberty, 528 times for "Unfair trial", and 169 times for oppression of Freedom of speech, (etc). And the latest, 2008 numbers, indicate no change in this trend, (See supra).   

The current Spanish CoE Presidency (November 2008 - May 2009) has made of the implementation of ECHR's judgements its 1st Priority.   

ECHR's President, Jean-Paul Costa, stressed in its 2009 Annual Press Conference, CoE Member States' obligation to implement the judgements, according to Article 46 of the European Convention on Human Rights.   

Moreover, if CoE's Committee of Ministers delays to ensure implementation, then, the repetition of violations in similar cases provokes a multiplication of complaints tabled to the Court, which overload the mecanism for the protection of Human Rights, denounced Costa.          

A series of Debates on "the situation of Human Rights in Europe", focusing on the "need to fight against Impunity" of perpetrators of grave crimes, is  currently prepared by CoE's Parliamentary Assembly for the session of June 2009.  

The final Timing comes shortly AFTER the EU Elections, but the main Reports should have been adopted before.

Meanwhile, French President Sarkozy and German Chancelor Merkel's recent call "for a Political Europe" in 2009 EU Elections (See earlier "correspondence from Paris, Elysee Palace), seems more and more endorsed also by other EU Countries' Top MEPs :

Thus, f.ex., EU Parliament's 1st vice-President, Greek MEP Mrs Rodi KRATSA, speaking to "EuroFora", agreed that 2009 EU Election would be a "naturally good" opportunity to debate what really interests EU Citizens : "The Future of a Political Europe, able to face the Economic Crisis, with a Culture and identity which attracts the People"

(Photo taken earlier during Sarkozy's 1st visit at EU Parliament, in 2007 : Sarkozy and Merkel's Ideas for a Political Europe inspire also other EU politicians accross the continent)..


2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?


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