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Home arrow newsitems arrow ECHR President Raimondi to EF: Infringement process v. Turkey for DisRespect of Judgements on Cyprus

ECHR President Raimondi to EF: Infringement process v. Turkey for DisRespect of Judgements on Cyprus

Written by ACM
Thursday, 24 January 2019
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*Strasbourg/ECHR/Angelo Marcopolo/- Among various possible Measures, CoE's Committee of Ministers should launch an Infringement Proceeding against Turkey for blatantly and repeatedly Refusing to Cooperate in ECHR Judgements' Execution at several Cases concerning Cyprus' Refugees/IDPs and even "Missing" People, (See, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/turkeuyrefusescooperationwithcoe.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/turkeypersiststodisrespectechrjudgementsoncyprus.html , etc), Replied Today in Substance, indirectly but clearly, ECHR's President, Guido Raimondi, to a relevant Question raised by "Eurofora", during his Annual Press Conference for 2019, where he found Ankara's stance "very Regrettable".


Such Infringement Proceeding, as that suggested now by Pesident Raimondi, against a CoE's Member State which Fails to fullfil its Obligation to Abide by any ECHR Judgement to which it is Party, has Entered into Force already Since 2010, but its First ever Use Started just from December 2017, in a case concerning Afghanistan. There Baku's Government had reportedly delayed about 3 Years (2014 - 2017) to apply ECHR's ruling on a jailed dissident, while Turkish Authorities notoriously delayed around a Decade, or even More, since relevant Judgements on Greek-Cypriots Refugees/"Missing" Persons' cases, where Applications may have been lodged to ECHR as Early as, already since the 1990ies, with result for several Victims to have, Meanwhile, ...Died, vainly Waiting for an elementary justice too long, (See, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/turkeyblocksechrjudgementswhilevictimsdie.html , etc), until Turkey even Started, recently, top Repeatedly Boast that it Openly Refuses to Cooperate with the CoE on many such ECHR Judgements' Execution, unless it bowed to Ankara's Blackmail pushing to Definitively Drop certain cases... (See, f.ex. Supra + Infra).   

     
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   - "Eurofora"s Question to President Raimondi raised an Issue, which was already evoked in the Past, but has Now Reached a(n UnPrecedented) Point seen for the 1st Time, (at least personaly, i.e. during + 25 Years : 9/1993-2019 : it would be Interesting to know if you have seen anything like this) :


- It concerns Cyprus' Refugees/IDPs, (and "Missing" People, at least in a key case), on whom ECHR has already published several Well Known Judgements, with Crystal-Clear Condemnations (of Turkey), since a long Time ago, which are still Pending" for execution.


>>> "The New Problem is that, for the 1st Time, appeared a "Special" Attitude from Turkey inside the (CoE's) Committee of Ministers, Recently Repeated at least Twice (on September + December 2018 : See ... + ..., etc) : Ankara's representatives Do Not Reply to any Questions, Refuse even to Speak, do Not Participate in the Debates, they have even very Clearly said that they Refuse to intervene on the Execution of several ECHR's Judgements, that you have issued since a long Time ago, on a Series of Cases on Cyprus' Refugees/IDPs, where ECHR has pronounced itself with some Well Known Decisions, including, f.ex., on Loizidou (the remainder), Xenides-Arestis, etc, so that the Situation looks quite Blocked" (Stuck), we Denounced.


- "CoE's Committee of Ministers has naturaly taken at least 2 Decisions Reminding that every CoE's Member State is Obliged at least to try to Implement ECHR's Judgements, to Participate in efforts to do so, and to Cooperate with the CoE in that aim. But, here we have a net Refusal to Cooperate, since Turkey asks to Stop and "Close" certain Cases, and Never Deal with them, No More, so that there is an Obstruction, there", (and even an obvious Blackmail).


    + "This raises also a matter of General Principle, because Other Countries might, eventually, be "Inspired" by such an UnPunished Negative Behavior, in order to Do Alike, in the Future", we Warned.


    => "What do you think that Should be done about this ? The Question mainly concerns CoE's Committee of Ministers, But there are, probably, also certain things possible from ECHR's side, its Case-Law, and/or by using adequately some Articles of the Convention itself, etc., "Eurofora" suggested, (pointing, inter alia, also to a relevant ECHR Great Chamber's Judgement of May 2014, which had given some very Interesting Insights on various Other Cases of Cyprus' Refugees/IDPs Human Rights : See .... +..., and Infra, etc).
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- "it's, Obviously, very Regrettable", "if there is a Non-Cooperative stance by one Member State inside CoE's Committee of Ministers, during its Supervision of ECHR Judgements' Execution", Replied from the outset to the above-mentioned "Eurofora"s Question on Turkey and Cyprus, ECHR's President.


- Even if Speaking purely "from the point of view of the ECHR, which should, naturally, not interfere in Political Discussions of the Committee of Ministers", nevertheless, "I can remind that, Recently, after the entry into force of the Protocol 14, (i.e. After 2010), the Supervision of ECHR Judgements' Execution is assisted by a Legal Mechanism", he interestingly added :


 - In fact, "there are §3 and §4, of Article 46, which have, Now, entrusted the ECHR with a Legal Competence in this area :", Raimondi observed positively.


=> "The Activation (triggering) of this competence has been attributed to the (CoE's)Committee of Ministers, with a Qualified Majority", (i.e. Not Unanimity), he noted.  


- But "it has already Started to be used Recently, f.ex. in tha case of "Mammadov v. Azerbaijan", (from December 2017, concerning the imprisonment of a political dissident), found ECHR's Chief.


>>> So that, "in Extreme Cases, if there is a Lack of Cooperation from a Member State, on ECHR Judgements' Execution, the Committee of Ministers has always the possiblity to use that Mechanism", stressed President Raimondi.


- "That's what I can say, from the point of view of the Court", he concluded, (obviously leaving the rest to the Committee of Ministers)...
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Turkey, followed then by Poland, were the Last to Ratify that Protocol 14, which Entered into Force after 2010, (but is Applicable, in principle, to all Pending Cases).


Under the Heading: "Binding Force and Execution of Judgements", the above-mentioned Article 46 of the Revised EConvHR, clearly Stresses from the outset (§ 1) that all CoE's Member States "Undertake to Abide by the Final Judgements of the (PanEuropean) Court (of Human Rights), in Any Case to which they are Parties".


>>> And its § 4 gives to CoE's Committee of Ministers the possibility to "Refer" to the ECHR the case of any Member State which "Refuses to Abide by a Final Judgement", according to a Decision taken by a 2/3 Majority, in order to attest whether that State has, indeed, "Failed to fullfil its (above-mentioned) Obllgation".


- "If the ECHR Finds (such) a Violation", then, "it shall refer the case" back "for consideration of the Measures to be taken" by the Committee of Ministers (for Sanctions), § 5 concludes.


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It's Also by Referring to that Same "Article 46", that ECHR's Great Chamber, in a Landmark Judgement of May 2014, concerning the Inter-State Case of "Cyprus v. Turkey", has already made it clear that, as a matter of General Principle, "Under Article 46, the State Party is under an Obligation Not Just to Pay those concerned the sums awarded by the Court by way of just satisfaction, But Also to take Individual and/or, if appropriate, General Measures in its domestic legal order, to put an End to the Violation found by the Court and to Redress the Effects, the Aim being to put the Applicant, as far as possible, in the Position he Would have been in had the requirements of the Convention Not been Disregarded... Albeit connected with each other, the Obligation to take individual and/or general Measures, and the Payment of just satisfaction are 2 Distinct forms of Redress, and the former in no way precludes the latter".

 

(../..)


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(NDLR : Fast Translation from the Original, mostly in French.
 
"DraftNews", as already send, Earlier, to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors. A more accurate, full Final Version, may be Published asap).
 
 
 
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Facing a 70% Abstention threat in 2009 Election, EU endorses EuroFora's idea for Citizens' debates on crucial EU decisions !

- Different views on "Europe's Future", should be debated among Citizens at June 2009 EU Elections, thanks to political Parties' "Manifestos", says EU Parliament's Report


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
A main idea, initiated and promoted by EuroFora's founders since 1997: the vital need to develop European Citizens' democratic right to actively participate in multilingual debates on EU decisions, is formally endorsed by the EU from 2009 !

The move is a key attempt to overcome "catastrophic" Polls which warn that only ...30% of Citizens are ready to vote in the forthcoming June 2009 EU Election !  This was revealed by EU Commission's vice-president, in charge of Communication policy, Margot Wallstrom, during a "hot" meeting of EU Parliament's Committee on Culture and Education, during the December 2008 Strasbourg session.

Wallstrom faced criticism, but also suggestions from various MEPs, naturally worried by Abstention threats which herself found even "worse" than in 1999 or 2004...

A Report on "Active Dialogue with Citizens",examined at the same time, presented some useful practical tips, on "facilitating Interviews"; etc., but also a  potentialy important call to "incorporate the conclusions of ...debates...into (EU) policies, and take into consideration the expectations that Citizens have of the EU when deciding". An amendment even implies that Citizens' participation in debates on EU decisions is a democratic "Right".

More importantly, it finds that  a Debate "on the Future of Europe", (as French President Nicolas Sarkozy has asked since 2007), would be a good idea " for the 2009 European parliamentary Elections", because "clarifying the political differences between the EU political parties would help citizens to identify themselves with, and choose between various concepts", for which "all parties (should) present their Manifesto".

A "Joint political declaration on Communicating Europe in Partnership", co-signed by "the European Parliament, Council and ... Commission", confirms that they "attach the utmost importance to improving communication on EU issues", by "enabling European citizens to exercise their right to participate in the democratic life of the Union, in which decisions are taken as openly as possible and as closely as possible to the citizens, observing the principles of pluralism, participation, openness and transparency".

This should "enable Citizens to exercise their right to express their views and to participate actively in the public Debate on European Union issues", while also "promoting the respect of multilingualism". In this regard, EU confirms its "wish to develop synergies with national, regional and local authorities as well as with representatives of Civil Society".

    It's since 1997 that a group of EuroFora's founders have officially presented a pioneer Project (then called "EIW", for "Europe in the World"), which aimed to develop Strasbourg's "Polyphonic music", by providing "Interactive information", on "main issues ... during the Decision-making process of European Organizations which engage in Transparent and Public Democratic Debates"

    This should be done, inter alia, by "exploring the potential of New Communication Tools (mainly Internet)", as well as classic-form debates, the 1997 EIW pioneer project's anounced in its "Synopsis". It was formally "accepted for evaluation" by EU Commission in Brussels in order to be examined for a grant in the framework of the "Research/Technology/Development (RTD) Programme in the field of Information Technologies", then called "ESPRIT", as a "Best Practice Pilot Project".

eiw_project_eu_program_esprit_ds_1997.._400

        But the vital, urgent Political need for EU to search new, efficient ways to reach the People and interact with European Citizens, was really felt in Brussels and elsewhere only after the unprecedented in History 1999 and 2004 Majority Abstention in EU Elections, followed by 3 "NO" in Referenda in France, the Netherlands and Ireland, on 2005 and 2008...
    In this New Political Landscape, we prepared a new, actualised and more developed version of our initial idea, in a simplified and more efficient form, thanks also to a large Experience accumulated during many years of EU/CoE/UNO Press work and Multi-lingual debates, with the New project "EuroFora" :

    On 2006 we presented in Public its main lines during Questions/Replies that we raised at two Press Conferences by EU Commission President, Jose Baroso, and mainly EU Commission's vice-President, in charge of Communication policy, Margot Wallstrom, together with EU Parliament's vice-president, Alejo Vidal-Quadras, in Strasbourg, (Videos available), and we reminded it at various brief contacts with Commissioner Wallstrom in 2007 and 2008.

    Meanwhile, a new Text was also presented for "EuroFora" Project mainly to certain Political and other personalities, at European, National or Regional/Local level, mainly in 2007, but also in 2008..

    Now, after the unexpected 2008 Irish "NO", and before the 2009 EU Elections, which are due to be of exceptionally crucial importance for Europe's Future, the moment has obviously come to launch that project, progressively, but in real practice.

    Whoever really cares for Europe and its Citizens is welcome to join, in one way or another. Only anti-European, anti-democratic, obscure or ignorant groups might oppose or attempt to "steal" and deviate the main idea.

    But European Citizens, incited by enlightened political leaders, are those who will finally write the real History.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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