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Home arrow newsitems arrow CoE Rapporteur on Brussels Attacks Zingeris to EF: For better Democratic Security, without Ghettos+

CoE Rapporteur on Brussels Attacks Zingeris to EF: For better Democratic Security, without Ghettos+

Written by ACM
Thursday, 21 April 2016


*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- Speaking to "Eurofora" after an "Urgent" PanEuropean Debate and Vote of a Resolution on the "Brussels' Attacks" by Deadly ISIS' Terrorists at an Airport and a Metro Station next to EU Council, Commission and Parliament Buildings there, CoE's Rapporteur against "Security Failures" and for "Counter Terrorism Cooperation", the Experienced, mainstream ChristianDemocrat/EPP MEP Emanuelis Zingeris, from Lithuania, Chairman of Foreign Affairs Committee at Vilnius and former Vice-President of CoE's Assembly in Strasbourg, where he serves as Elected MEP as long as, already, since 1994, (i.e. during 22 Years, almost as "Eurofora"'s Journalist Work : +9/1993-2016), appeared adamant, and very Conscious of the Responsibilities of all involved, on certain key points, including that, ("Hotly" debated and fought by contrasting Votes also ay CoE Assembly's Plenary : See Infra) of "some CourtYards", in several EU Countries, dangerously abandoned, in a not so remote Past, to the Influence of "Fundamentalist Islamist" Radicalisation and "Intolerance", one of the Causes of the recent Bloody Terrorism even against Innocent Civilian People.


-" The Report is about ..situation of the Liberties. the possibilities of Resistance of Europe against possible Terrorist incidents, provoked by Jihadist Groups, from Outside of, and Inside Europe", Zingeris stressed to "Eurofora" from the outset.

- "From my pôint of view, the Critical Mass of Terror Attacks reached a (so high) Level, that we canNot Tolerate", no more, "'the Intolerant Environment in some CourtYards Off Law", went on to Denounce CoE's Rapporteur.

  - We understand that the "Terror Attacks have also Muslims among the Victims of those Fundamentalist Jihadist Groups", he added, however.

+ Moreover, "one of the most Important Issues are the Democratic Values": F.ex. "How Not to limit the Freedom of Speech", etc., and, "at the same Time, that (EU) Law Enforcement Agencies work properly, exchange Informations between them, in order to be Effective against this Ideology of Hatred and to repeal their (Terrorist) Attacks".

=> Thus, f.ex., - "We (CoE) advise to Create one Agency, inside the EU, to try to take out seamly Efficient Measures and Defend the system of our Values, and the Stability of our Political (polyphonic/Democratic) Spectrum", Zingeris pointed out.

- "Those Decisions should be Implemented in every (CoE Member) Country. And Every Government should Reply to us (CoE's PanEuropean Parliamentary Assembly), and say how they will be Effectively Implementing all Measures Voted by 46 Delegations of CoE's Member Countries" in Strasbourg.

 => - CoE Assembly's "Political Affairs' Committee will Supervise the Follow-up", the PanEuropean Organization's Rapporteur added, replying to another "Eurofora" query.


+ Last, but not least, questioned by "Eurofora" about his view on a Controversial Amendment, which had almost been adopted, missing the Majority only by a Few MEPS, on some Urban Areas facing Dangers to become Ghettos, he sharply Replied that, "Yes", he was pretty conscious about such Risks, and immediately pointed at what he had just told us before :

- "That's why I spoke about those "CourtYards" (Comp. Supra). In fact, "it's about Ghettos", Zingeris clarified.



 - The Resolution Adopted by COE's Assembly calls upon its Member States "to Ensure that there are No "No Go Zones" and Ghettos where Common Rules are Inappliquable", (particularly by developing "the Integration of <<Closed>> Communities into their local Neighbourhood").

- Because, "certain Areas in European Towns have become “No-Go Zones” for the Police, and a Breeding ground for Radicalised Extremists and Terrorists", CoE's official Text explains.

+ Moreover, a relevant Amendment, went much Further than that, by Denouncing the Fact that "certain Areas in European Cities have become a Hub for Terrorist Activities and Jihadist Recruiting". This almost Divided CoE's Assembly, with 26 Votes in favor or Abstaining, and just 35 Votes Against.

Thus, finaly, CoE's Assembly prefered  (with an Exceptionaly Thin Majority : Comp. Supra)  to Reject that Controversial Amendment and to keep the Original Text of the Draft Resolution, which Focused into expressing CoE's "Concern" for the Fact that "Belgium has become a Hub for Djihadist Recruiting, and a Safe Heaven for Terrorist Activities, which are often Carried out in Other (EU) Countries", (f.ex. France : See Graphic).


 However, it has also become, recently, a notorious Fact, that the Belgian Police (reportedly in Cooperation with their Collegues from other concerned EU Countries, such as France, Germany, etc), succeeded afterwards to Find and Arrest a growing Number of real Suspects and/or confirmed Terrorists, residing in that Country, and linked to ISIL's Deadly Attacks in Paris and/or Brussels, etc.


+ On this Crucial point, some Interesting, relevant Observations, concerning, in particular, an alleged "Difference", in this regard, were made by the Experienced, Long-Time Mayor of Strasbourg and Senator, Roland Ries, in Reply to an "Eurofora Question, during a Press Conference on the City's Traditional "Christmas' Market", and the Decision Not to Cancel it, despite Serious Generalized Dangers after the recent Terrorist Attacks in Paris, etc. :

  - Despite the existence of various European Institutions both in Brussels and in Strasbourg, until now, ISIS Terrorist Activities, Attacks and/or imminent Threats, were mainly limited in Brussels only, where  even a general Transports' standstill was ordered, etc. What might be the reason of that Difference ? Is it, perhaps, because Brussels might have more Suburbs affected by Extremist Islamists, than Strasbourg, or, rather, to something else ?", "Eurofora" asked Mayor/Senator Roland Ries.



 - Ries' reply consisted mainly into pointing at the fact that, in his view, Contrary to the almost Traditional existence in Brussels, and more widely in Belgium, of some Suburbs which have been, indeed, affected by "Deep" Segregation and Extremist Islamist influence since long, a Differend situation existed in Strasbourg, in this regard, where, despite the existence, here too, of some Similar Trends recently, nevertheless, both the Local Tradition and Systematic Efforts and Policies by the Municipality have focused on the need to Saveguard the Cohesion of the Community of Population, trying to keep a Balance and promote rather a Multi-Cultural Society, than Closed Cultural Ghettos.

+ However, adverse Economic and/or Social Trends and Pressure exist, here too,  in certain Suburbs, despite the efforts made by the Local Auithorities, which are sometimes obliged to Re-Start anew from scratch, in a Continuous quest of a well Balanced, Multi-Cultural Population, making it necesary to be constantly Vigilent, Careful and ready to Act Efficiently.

Here Ries, perhaps throught about some recent Concrete cases in Strasbourg's Suburbs :  As, f.ex. that of Meinau, where a controversial Turkish Network of Mosques throughout all Europe aims to Build a Brand New one, at a location often visited also by one among the ISIS' Deadly Terrorists who Attacked and Killed many innocent Civilian People in Paris. And/or that of Haute-Pierre, where the Local Press had recently Denounced an attempt by "the Turkish State to Buy a Suburb of Strasbourg", in fact a Part of it, in order to Establish a Private School for Imams, controled by a Foreign State, in addition to 2 New Mosques, etc, (at the same time that Christian Churches are Obliged to Protect themselves behind closed Metalic Fences after various Aggressions),  reportedly placed under the Direction of a Controversial Local Turkish ex-Politician, known for having been brought to Court for Justifying a Brutal Violent Aggression against a School Teacher by an Angry Parent, and linked to the ambiguous "Mili Gorus" Organisation, reportedly related also to Controversial Amerian-Turkish Guru "Gulen", who is notoriously considered as a Dangerous Terrorist Ring-Leader even by Ankara's AKP Government.


 - "For too long, Officials and Politicians in Europe have turned a Blind Eye to the Lack of Integration and the Growing Radicalisation among Young People, and have Ignored or UnderEstimated the scale of the Terrorist Threat", denounces, in Addition, the adopted CoE's Resolution.

And this, as a matter of General Principle, even if a Thin Majority didn't find necessary to accept an Amendment Tabled by 15 MEPs, which had asked an "Investigation" on the "Accusations, by Former Belgian Justice Minister, Marc Verwilghen, that some of his Collegues (i.e. other Ministers, in a former Coalition Government) deliberately Blocked any Anti-Terrorist and Anti-Radicalisation Measures, out of Political Opportunism", back on 1999-2002.



+ However, CoE's Rapporteur, Zingeris, slamed, at least, the Fact that, concerning "the Last Bombing" which Killed or Wounded many innocent Civilian People in Brussels' Airport, "one of the Terrorists had been Employed for 4 Years (sic !) at Brussels Airport, and Trained for his Future field of Terrorist Activities. Can you Imagine that ?", he wondered in his Speech at the Plenary, earlier Today.

=> - CoE's present "Resolution is about Everyone" : "We (Europêans) cannot go" on just "Talking about the most Horrible Ideology since Nazi ideology – the Jihadist ideology, overloaded with Hatred. We should also Do something about Where the Terrorist Attacks are Planned, sometimes in the Middle East, and sometimes in Parts of Our Communities", Zingeris stressed.

- In this regard, CoE's PanEuropean Assembly Rejected an Amendment tabled by Turkish MEPs against even the use of the specific Word "Jihadists" (Sic !), that they wanted to be Erased and Replaced by the vague Word "Foreign Terrorist Fighters". On the Pretext, as those Turkish MEPs claimed, that "the Word "Jihadist" would give "a Wrong Image", with "Anti-Religious thinking" (sic !), which "created further Danger of Islamophobia" (re-sic !!)...



Thus, a Strong Majority in CoE's Assembly clearly Refused to Repeat Today, what had Curiously happened Yesterday Late Evening, against anOther Draft CoE Resolution : Initialy aimed Against "the phenomenon of Home-Grown Islamist Radicalisation", according to CoE's Official Texts, However, it was so Heavily and Repeatedly Amended by a Grouplet of Turkish MPs, (recently augmented in Number inside CoEPA, in exchange of Paying a little bit more Money to CoE's Budget), that, at the End, it looked Less as a Text for the Prevention of Deadly and Violent Terrorism against Innocent Civilians, and much more as a call for Oppressive Measures against ...anyone who might be accused of ..."Islamophobia" (sic), simply on Pretext of a few Words used at his/her private Twitter account, a Forum or any other "Social Media" of Peaceful private Discussion between Friends at the Web !...  I.e. an obvious "High-Jacking" and "Detournement" of a Text initialy aimed to Prevent "Islamist Radicaliation" (another Erased Word from CoE's Draft) leading to Deadly and Violent Terrorism, into an Instrument for the "Prosecution" of People who might Try to Help that CoE's aim by Warning of some possible Dangers, if they Simply used, f.ex., the Words "Islamic Radicalisation", and/or even ..."Jihadist Recruitment", according to the Strange Misconceptions of those Turkish MEPs, who appeared, by their Systematic, above mentioned Amendments, much More Interested in Censorship against Freedom of Speech even inside Europe, than in Denouncing and Combatting "Islamic State"'s Deadly Terrorist Attacks against Innocent Civilian European People, (Comp. Supra).

- On the Contrary, the Resolution adopted Today by a Strong Majority of CoE's PanEuropean Assembly, by Rejecting such Controversial Amendments tabled by a Grouplet of Turkish MEPs, (Comp. Supra), Expressed clearly its "Concern" for the Fact that, f.ex. "Belgium has become a Hub for Jihadist Recruiting, and that the Deteriorating position of Daesh (alias : "ISIL") in the Middle East, may lead to a Surge of Jihadist recruiting" in general "and Terrorist Activities on the European Continent". In this regard, CoE also Denounced the Fact that, more Widely speaking, f.ex. "France, Germany and the UK reportedly Supply the Highest Numbers, whereas Belgium, Denmark and Sweden have the Highest "per Capita" Figures" for such "recruitments", (Comp. Supra).


+ Finaly, CoE's Assembly "calls for a Common European CounterTerrorism Unit" to be created "at EU Level", as its Rapporteur, Emanuelis Zingeris, had asked, (Comp. Supra). The finaly adopted Resolution also "underlines the Need for an ambitious European Security Strategy, including better Exchange of information between intelligence services and a closer Co-operation between police and judicial authorities" of EU Member States.

++ In Wider terms, "a Co-ordinated PanEuropean Response is Needed, More than Ever", Today, "in the face of ever-Growing International Terrorist Networks", the Resolution stresses, while, however, the Issue of the re-integration of the Rusian Delegation at CoE's Parliamentary Assembly remains still Pending...

+++"At International Level", the PanEuropean Organisation asks to "Control and, if appropriate, Prevent the Travel of Individuals Suspected of belonging to Terrorist Networks, or being Involved in Terrorist Activity".



 - The Offiicial Headings of this, April 2016 CoE's Report and Resolution clearly point at what follows "After the Brussels Attacks", at the Heart of EU Institutions, (Comp. Supra), and the PanEuropean Assembly stressed from the outset, at the 1st Paragraph of its Draft Text, that MEPs are "Horrified by the Terrorist Attacks at Zaventem Airport and Maelbeek Metro Station in Brussels, on 22 March 2016, in which 32 (Civilian) People were Killed, and over 300 were Injured, 45 of whom remain in Hospital with Severe Injuries".

    + However, a Group of Turkish MEPs tabled an Amendment to Add also a Previous "Series of Serious Terrorist Acts", both inside and outside of the EU, "including the ones in Paris", but also those in "Ankara and Istanbul". I.e. obviously trying to Assimilate the Latest Deadly Aggressions in the EU, which Killed mainly Europeans, with some Previous Aggressions in Turkey, which Killed mainly Kurdish Dissidents (twice), German Tourists, and Israeli/Americans... (With only 1 Exception, where it's also some Turks who were reportedly hit by Error during an Attack apparently aimed against a Police Station : In this unique case, an American Journalist, who Denounced the Fact that, despite Earlier Warnings by US Agents that a Terrorist Attack was Prepared in that Area, curiously, the Turkish Authorities didn't really try to Prevent that, was, later-on, Refused Press Accreditation without any Explanation, and Obliged to Leave the Country : See Lepeska case - PARTLY UPDATED).


    Last, but not least, the stern Warning given by Young Polish MEP Milewski, during CoE Assembly's relevant Debate, can't pass unoticed :


- "This is Not Only about Security, in its Traditional meaning. It is about the shape of European Cities in Future. ... We have not only a Military War, but (also) a Civilisation War. We Can Win it, but only by Protecting Our (European) Civilisation", he stressed, apparently including there also Basic Human Values.






("DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora"s Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, may be published asap).




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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  

    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".

- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...

    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.


2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?


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