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Home arrow newsitems arrow As "Post-Human" Risks grow, Prof. Mattei to EF: BioTech = as Nuclear Bomb +Global Issue for Humanity

As "Post-Human" Risks grow, Prof. Mattei to EF: BioTech = as Nuclear Bomb +Global Issue for Humanity

Written by ACM
Saturday, 04 February 2017
bionc_posthuman_pub_in_stras_400_01


*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- While speculations are going on about whether New US President Don Trump will, or not, Reverse Dems' Obama's 1st Decision : to Spend Federal Funds for Genetic Manipulations of Human Embryos, (the "Stem Cell" Controversy), that he had taken as early as since March 2009, i.e. Cancelling Conservative GWBush's August 2001 opposit choice to Stop Wasting Money for such Dangerous Bio-Tech. chimeras, (without having, 8 Years Later, produced any Medical Cure Breakthrough, but Wasted Millions with only outcome a "Copy and Paste" Technic on Parts of Human Genome : See Infra), a crystal-clear Warning was launched by experienced Academician, former Minister of Health and PanEuropean CoE's Rapporteur on BioEthics, professor of Pediaterics and Genetics, Jean-Francois Mattei, speaking to "Eurofora":


- Nowadays, BioTech. has reached a level similar to ...Nuclear Bombs' Technology, while the Issue of Safeguarding People's Human Rights and Democratic Society's Safety has become "Global", spreading in a wide PlayField which extends "allover the Planet, as Humanity itself !", he characteristicaly told us in substance.


Significantly, Mattei said just after a landmark, Keynote Speech and Debate on Births obtained by Non-Natural ways, at Strasbourg's Annual "Forum on BioEthics", which gathers here Scientists, Jurists, Philosophers, Writers, Journalists and other various relevant Civil Society representatives during a whole Week, Focusing, for the 1st Time, in this Year of 2017, on the Most Crucial and "Hot" Issue of all, in the area of Bio-Medicine and Human Rights : that of the Distinction and Threshhold between "Human and Post-Human", as its organizers chose to sum it up, quite provocatively...


However, it was a rather Surprising Fact to find out that, despite their Controversial Decision to Spread throughout the City of Strasbourg, all the way from its Popular Suburbs, via a busy DownTown area, up to its "European Quarter", where not only EU Parliament and CoE's Headquarters, but even its PanEuropean Court of Human Rights (ECHR) are located, a lot of Huge Publicity Placards very Ostensibly bearing the Word "Post-Human", (on a Picture recalling, at least partialy, a rather Mean-looking CyBorg of uncertain sex), Nevertheless, all this generously subsidized by Local/Regional Public Funds' Promotional operation, (already Planified during the terms of Out-Going US and France Presidents Obama and Hollande, respectively) , did Not meet the Same Fate as, back on 2006, (i.e. during the Past Era of former US and France Presidents GWBush and Chirac), anOther such Publicity Placards campaign on "Hot" and BioEthicaly Controversial Issues, by the so-called "Raelian society" at Nearby Switzerland :


- Indeed, then, all such Publicity Placards including references f.ex. to Human "Cloning", and/or to the eventual Artificial production of "Geneticaly" Enhanced Beings, with "Superior" Characteristics to those of the Naturaly Born Humans, had been Strictly Forbidden by the Local and National Swiss Public Authorities, and the "Raelian Society"'s Complaint, lodged to ECHR in Strasbourg, against what they Claimed to be a so-called "Violation of Freedom of Speech", according to their Expensive Lawyers, had been subsequently Rejected, by a very Strong Majority of Euro-Judges, particularly as Contrary to, and InCompatible with the European Human Rights' Values...


But, Today, the real Situation has become even more Serious, as the main Organizer and co-Presidenrt of Strasbourg's Annual "BioEthical Forum", Professor on Gynecology at the University of Strasbourg, Raphael Nisand, clearly told "Eurofora" :


- Explaining the Reason for which such a particularly "Hot", obviously Controversial, and potentialy Dangerous Issue as the eventual emergence of a "Post-Human" reality, was Chosen this Year, in order to be Placed at the Focus of this 2017 edition of such a Widely Publicized Event, Professor Nisand observed that, in Fact, he had personaly Noticed that Recent Bio-Technological Advances and imminent Prospects, especialy around Acting on the Human "Brain", and ways to selectively Target and Modify specific Parts of the Human "Genome", (etc), clearly gave Nowadays an overall Impression that the Time had, most probably, come, to Raise the Question of eventual Changes in the ways that Human Organisms and/or ReProduction had been Working until now, for many Thousands of Years : Already, in a remote Past, f.ex. the Invention of Fire, allowing to Cook and Stock Food, gave so much Time to Human's everyday Life, f.ex. for Thinking, Building, Exploring, etc. that it Modified quite radically their overall existence, he argued, (while, However, trying, at the same time, to Distance himself from the very Controversial, often Schocking Claims of those who are usually called "Trans-Humanists", and allegedly Push towards the Creation of a kind of New, Superior Race of "Enhanced" or "Post-Human" Beings, with obvious potential Dangers for Humanity, (See also Infra).

Nevertheless, Language, (and, therefore, the possibility of Dialogue, Reflexion, Reasoning and Logic, i.e. the main basis for Personal and/or collective Freedom of Choice, Democracy, etc), appeared after "Homo Sapiens", a Long Time After the purely "Technological" Advances of various "Tools" that had been Already invented, much Earlier, "by the Hominids", at a more Remote Past, pointed out Criticaly, later-on, a representative of Human and Social Sciences, Professor Philippe Breton, of Strasbourg University's Journalism unit and Chief Editor of a Political Analysis website, who was Today the Keynote Speaker at the Concluding Session of 2017's BioEthical Forum, (dedicated to a "Hot" Debate on "Enhanced" and/or "Manipulated" Human beings).


As for the above-mentioned Invention of how to Use "Fire", the World-Famous image of Mythical "Prometheas", since the Ancient Grteek Mythology, (i.e. a Hero who Sacrificed his own Freedom in order to Bring the Secret of the Fire to all Humans, and who had been severely punished and sufferered for having done so, until he was set Free by another, comparatively Newer, Mythical Hero : Heracles), obviously reminds us, Today, that, as long as such a kind of ..."Modern Prometheas" has Not yet Emerged in Nowadays Society, in one way or another, inevitably, any eventual Invention of some kind of "New Fire" tools, claiming to perhaps "Enhance" some persons, would Not Yet Escape from the Risk to provoke a Dangerous Appart-Heid, which might even eradicate Humanity, at least as it has been for many Hundreds of Thousands of Years until now...

However, Mattei's topical Metaphore about cutting-edge BioTech. having reached, nowadays, a level Similar to "Nuclear Bombs'" Technology, (Comp. Supra), was subsequently reiterated, in a much More Lenient form, on the Occasion of an Interesting Debate about Recent Developments around the Human Brain, by Grenoble Medical Faculty's Director on Neuro-Science Research (France), and more recently also at nearby Geneva University in Switzerland, (which has for Decades pursued a High-Tech. International Research on Human Brain, including with the US, etc., as he confirmed to "Eurofora"), Professor Pierre Pollack : Nuclear Bombs might also be Dangerous for Humankind, but, nevertheless, the International Community has succeeded, at least until now, to Keep a Global Peace and Stability for Many Decades, he argued, pleading for a less anxious approach of Modern BioTech's new possibilities able to affect Human persons' future behavior and social way of life, even radicaly.


But, when "Eurofora", speaking later with Professor Pollack, observed the Fact that, Unlike to what has notoriously happened with that "Nuclear Bombs" Metaphore (Comp. Supra), on the Contrary, in the Particular case of Some Controversial Bio-Tech New Possibilities,  there is Not yet Any known Equivalent of "Nuclear Deterrence", which has been, all this Time, at the Basis of Global Peace, since the Invention of the Nuclear Bomb, (perhaps, at least Partly, thanks also to the Drama of the Rosenberg's couple, executed during the Cold War), he didn't find anything to object, simply limiting himself into kindly smiling and noding, in a silent but obvious acknowledgement...


Ibid, when we also mentioned to Pollack the supplementary Fact that, an eventual Abuse of some notoriously Dangerous Bio-Tech. new tools, (f.ex. by a Rogue State, a Dictatorship, or a Criminal Gang, various Terrorists, etc), Contrary to what usualy happens in most cases of Nuclear Bombs' Explosions, in that, Differend, case, there would Not be, Neither Any Loud "Boom" Noise, Nor any "Huge Mushroom" covering the Sky, No Bright Lightings, nothing of the sort, but just a Silent, Invisible but Radical Mutation, whose realm Consequences would become Perceptible Only Too much Later-on, so that People, Societies and the International Community might Not been given any Equivalent Chance to be Warned.                                  

                                                 
Experienced vice-President of 2017's "Forum on BioEthics", Professor of Genetics at the University of Strasbourg and Member of the prestigious "College de France", Jean-Louis Mandel, speaking to "Eurofora" on such issues (significantly : Selected at his own Initiative !), strived to "Calm" the overall Ambiance, and "Minimise" the eventual Risks, as much as possible : - My main point is that Both the Dreams of various "Trans-Humanists" for Radical Mutations, and the Fears of several People about eventual Dangers of Abuse of some New Bio-Tech. tools, are largely Exagerated, since the Reality is, in fact, very Far Away from what Both Claim, at least for the foreseable future, as we have already seen, in similar "Fake Promisses" and/or "False Alerts", also in the Past, Mandel told us, in substance, (before trying to Illustrate his Viewpoint with some Concrete Examples, in his various subsequent interventions during the still on-going debates, up to the concluding one).


- Nevertheless, "my Main Concern, is that a Dictatorship (abusing Bio-Tech) doesn't Fall upon us, out of a Sudden !", sternly Warned, the well-known Writer of Science Fiction, Engineer, and Journalist at the World Famous "Monde Diplomatique" Paris' review, Catherine Dufour, speaking earlier to "Eurofora", after a worrying Debate on the Critical and "Whistle-Blower" Function of "Science Fiction" litterature in several Books and Films in Modern History. (Such as, f.ex., among many others, also : Huxley's "Brave New World", Orwell's "Time Machine", Spielberg's version of "War of Worlds", Charlton Heston's "Green Sun" and/or "Planet of Apes"-like situations, among various Creatures Artificialy fabricated at some kind of "Dr. Moreau's island", and/or by one or another "Dr. Frankenstein", via some Maverick "Dr. Strangelove/ Folamour(s)" like that of Stanley Kubrick, etc., only to mention a Few among a Lot of relevant Science Fiction Warnings already given and illustrated previously, starting by a Russian Writer, at the Beginning of the 20th Century, who had, it seems, Inspired Aldus Huxley himself)...


+ And when, even the deadly Serious Global Diplomatic Community, at nearby UNO's European Headquarters in Geneva, has Recently debated about Starting to consider some New, "active Biology" High-Tech. Research and/or eventual Deployment, as a Part of various "Warfare" possibilities in Future, in the Context of the International Organisation's Peace Safeguarding Treaties and conventions' updates, All this could Not be merely Dismissed as pure 100% "Fiction", and Nothing else.

Similar, (even if, comparatively, somewhat less Tragic, in appearance) Concerns and Warnings, were expressed by Many Participants f.ex. also on "Mass Spying", (a very Topical Human Rights' and Democracy Issue, particularly popularized in nowadays' "After-Snowden" era, from 2013, i.e. Long After Orwell's "Big Brother" of his "1984"  Famous Book), during a Special Debate about "Big Data" and Multinational Companies' (as California's "Google", etc) possible intrusion in a Huge Number of People's Personal Data concering their Private, Professional, or Socio-Political Life, and particularly their "Health", (something that Insurance Businesses notoriously would like to dispose)...


Certainly, when Professor Nisand, (the President of Strasbourg's "Forum on BioEthics" : Comp. Supra), asked himself the participating Experts whether there was, or not, at least some "Useful" possible utilisations of such "Big Data", the Replies were Positive : Indeed, if well and adequately used, the overall Analysis of such Massive Informations, thanks to Modern "Digital" Tools, Internet connexions, various new, "smart machines", etc., may provide some very Interesting Inputs for Health Policies, several Experts clearly acknowledged.

But, sometimes, Big Surprises might be Hidden even behind certain, apparently very Anodynous and Sympathetic Bio-Tech. research nowadays, as the Debate on Human Brain spectacularly Revealed :


- It all Started with Grenoble+Geneva Universities' Professor Pierre Pollack (Ciomp. Supra), who was invited to Describe his Famous Invention developments about "Brain Stimulations", via Electro-Magnetic Waves, aimed to Fight against a recently Growing quasi-Epidemics of "Alzheimer" Disease, notoriously affecting particularly Elderly people, in Modern Ageing Societies, where individuals normaly Live much Longer than in the Past. Pollack clearly and extensively presented a wide view of his Team's relevant Research work against Alzheimer disease, (which, as he reminded, Threatens to Degrade or even Destroy People's capacity to memorize various quasi-"Automatic" reactions to external stimulus, that everybody Needs in EveryDay Life, and has, normaly, aquired, already since early Childhood). For that purpose, he explained that Modern Research has Focused particularly on a certain Area of the Human Brain, which lies Deep inside its Core, trying to "stimulate" it adequately.

- However, as anOther Expert patiently Revealed - also Neurology Professor Mathieu Anheim, of Strasbourg's University, a specialist of "Parkinson" disease at Inter-Regional area, and particularly "interested in Behavioral" Science, as he told afterwards "Eurofora" -  near Pollack's area of Brain experiments, stands also something Else, which is very Important :


>>> Indeed, it's also there that Human Persons' capacity to Withhold, for a Time, any otherwise Impulsive Reaction to various External Stimulus, f.ex. in order to be Able to Think, Examine Seriously a given Situation and its Future Prospects, Reflect on Alternative Possible Consequences, and/or Freely and Concsiously Choose what is Best to Do, withOut any quasi-Spasmodic Automatic Impulsion being eventualy Imposed upon them, Professor Anheim explained. So that, even these Same "Stimulations" of that Brain area's Forgotten Automatisms that Pollack strived to Explore in order to Fight against "Alzheimer" Disease (Comp. Supra), might, eventualy, (if incorrectly used, or abused by anyone else), also Provoke various UnDesirable "Impulsive", mechanic Reactions of People, in whose Brain that precious Capacity to take enough Time in order to Think well abd Consiously Decide what's really Best to Choose, Instead of merely Reacting to External Stimulus made by Others, might have been Dangerously Reduced, (f.ex. by an Artificial Intervention).

=> In other words, if nobody paid any Attention to such potential Risks, then, People's Brain might be Externaly Manipulated, Professor Anheim concluded in substance...


A Timely Warning, especialy when several other Experts almost agreed, in the Concluding Debate, that a Foreseable Move might be the possible Emergence of a Push towards some kind of "CyBorgs", where certain individuals could be Artificialy "Enhanced", not only through various Genetic Manipulations' Technics, but also via differend Electro-Magnetic or other Interactions, "Prothese", etc., connected to the Human Body, (etc).

Such kind of Facts are obviously Interesting to be seriously examined and debated Nowadays, particularly when f.ex. the French National Assembl is due to Publish and Vote, in just 1 Month (on March 2017), a crucial Report on BioEthics, drafted by MP Jean-Yves Deaut, who is also preparing another Topical draft Resolution on Modern BioTechnologies due to be Debated and Voted by CoE's PanEuropean Parliametary Assembly during its forthcoming, Spring 2O17 Session, on April, as Deaut (who is also a mainstream PACE's MEP) told "Eurofora".

But, as far as the even "Hotter" Controversy, about some's Wishes or even Attempts to artificialy create a kind of New, "Mutated" Beings, of a "Post-Human", or even "Trans-Humanist" Agenda, (against which, Most Participants Warned about particularly Aggravated Risks of several "InHuman" consequences being obviously possible, if nobody takes care to Timely prevent Abuses), things risked, at the end, to become quite Nasty, when a Group of so-called "Trans-Humanists", (Omni-present during almost  all this Exceptional 2017 Strasbourg's "Forum on BioEthics" week of meetings, in which at least one of them Fully Participated among the officialy Invited Experts, as several attending People, astonished Complained to "Eurofora" and others), attempted to even Take the Speech in Public and make open Propaganda, also at the Concluding Session, (while, on the Contrary, Nobody among those Clearly Opposed to such Chimeras, obviously Dangerous for all Humankind, didn't manage to get a Chance to Speak in Public then)...

It's Interesting to note, in this occasion, the Fact that, when "Eurofora", in a private conversation with the person who seemed to be the "Leader" of that "TransHumanist" propaganda Group, simply Asked him if there was "Any Guarantee" that what they Seek to impose, "will Not result Neither to a kind of "Appart-Heid", Nor to any sort of "Dictatorship"", (as we said, Simplifying things to make short), his Reply was Astonishing : - How could anyone "Guarantee", or provide "Safeguards", against such Risks, (concerning an eventual "TransHumanist" abuse of some controversial Bio-Tech. researches : Comp. Supra) ?", he spontaneously, but significantly wondered. All this is a question of Political (sic !) Fight, withOut any Guarantee, Neither Safeguards being possible a priori, he concluded, without having anything more to say on this naturaly Crucial point.

=> In these Conditions (Comp. also Supra), is it Better to consider the Nature of the Human Person, as a Holy and/or Impregnable Sanctuary, as advised Civil Society Leader of "VITA" NGO, Tugdual Derville, who has endoresed also, After 2013, the "Human Ecology" Movement of Ideas, that he co-represents now in France ? (I.e. as f.ex. Pope Emeritus Benedict had inspired previously by his landmark 2011 Speech at the German Bundestag, after his 2009 Encyclic "Caritas in Veritas", etc. : See relevant "Eurofora"s NewsReports of 2009, 2010, 2011, etc., but also, Comp. our earlier, 2004, 2005, and previous various Publications, since the 1990ies, including on "MPA" Press Agency and various other fora, until recently, on this issue of key importance for all Humankind nowadays).

At any case, at least 1 main point is for sure : Many among the recent, and still Rapidly Developing Bio-Tech. Controversies vis a vis the Nature of Humanity, have certainly become, more and more, a very Crucial Issue for Human Rights and Democracy, as well as for the Present and Future of Humankind !

And as Derville told "Eurofora" that his NGO intends to Publish soon, before the forthcoming French Presidential Elections of April - May 2017, an overall Assessment of the Out-Going Socialist Government's, "of Hollande'"s, 5 Years of Acts "vis a vis Bio-Ethical Values" (2012-2017), we urged him to cooperate with other adequate people for a Similar "Assessment" also on former US President Obama's acts in the field of Bio-Tech and Ethical Values.


Obviously Starting from that Controversial and apparently Inefficient, at least as far as Human Health is concerned, 2009 Obama's decision to re-instore Federal Funding for Genetic Manipulations of Human Embryos, as Clinton had already done previously, but Contrary to former US President GWBush's 2001-2008 honestly kept pre-electoral promisse to Stop such a Controversial and Dangerous Waste of Federal Funds, in order to Protect Humanity from any eventually serious risks.


Now it remains to be seen what the New US President Don Trump's team, (Together with vice-President Mike Spence, and/or their Friend Governon Mike Huckabee, etc), may decide, sooner or later, to do in that crucial field too (Comp. Supra), as several Franco-American and Other Experts, including, f.ex., Nicolas Miaille, from Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, told "Eurofora" that they think quite possible, if not even logical.


>>> In Fact, Nowadays, there is obviously a Vital Need for quite Strong and Crystal-clear Ideas, Able to rapidly spread a both Deep Conscience of what is really at Stake, and what should be Urgently done, in order to find an Adequate way to benefit from real Health-strengthening possibilities from certain Bio-Technical Advances, while also ensuring, as a matter of Priority, to Safeguard Humanity's present and future.

 

(../..)


--------------------------------

***

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    The incoming Swedish EU Presidency (July-December 2009) may still remain in favour of Turkey's controversial EU bid, despite June 2009 EU Elections' results, but it has "very strong demands on Turkey"'s obligation to respect EU Rules, said the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, to "EuroFora", reacting to critical Press reports.

    - "I know (that) the link is often made also to Sweden's position on Turkey"'s controversial EU bid. Indeed, "we (Swedish EU Presidency) are very much engaged in the future membership of Turkey, but not without fullfiling all the Criteria".

    - "It's very clear that we (Swedish EU Presidecny) have very Strong Demands on Turkey, in a sort of concept for Future membership of the Union, ...which will be a Long Process...", she stressed.

    This means, in particular, "the Copenhagen Criteria (on Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law), and also the adaptation to the Acquis of the European Union".

     - "If you listen to what Mr. Bildt (the Swedish Foreign Minister) says on Turkey at different occasions, it's very clear : We want Turkey to become part of the Union, in the Future. But we want it to fullfil all the Criteria : The Acquis of the European Union. That's very clear", she concluded.

    The Senior Official of the Swedish Foreign Ministry was reacting to critical Press Reports, from Brussels' Journalists invited by EU Commission's secretariat to Stockholm, who claimed that Bildt was abusing of a ..."Whip" (sic !) against Cyprus, by "threatening" the presence of UNO's Peace-keeping force at the "Green line" which separates the island's Government-controlled areas from the territories occupied by Ankara's army, if Nicosia didn't accept any political solution, regardless of Turkey's demands, before the end of 2009.

        Governing AKEL Party's new Secretary General, Andros Kyprianou, reacted by declaring that no-one can threat the People of Cyprus : -"We shall decide for our Future, and nobody else",  he reportedly said, asking to "keep calm". "In order to find a Solution soon, certain basic Principles must be respected", he stressed, calling those who feel an urgency to use their influence on Turkey. Other Political Parties were more critical.

    This was a reference to recently reported statements by Turkish Minister Bagis, Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan and Turkey's National Security Council (a Military-Political body), accused to push towards a partitionist "2 States" solution, contrary to UNO SC Resolutions for Cyprus' reunification.

    December 2009 is a crucial moment for EU's appraisal of Turkey's controversial EU bid, because EU Council has decided to review then Ankara's compliance with the European position on the recognition of Cyprus' Government, which was clearly set out by an EU reply of 21 September 2005 to Turkish Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan's claims, refusing to recognize even the existence of EU Member Cyprus, in controversial statements he made to London (former EU chair) on July 29, 2005.

    EU Parliament's latest Resolution on Turkey, adopted on March 2009 in Strasbourg, warned Ankara that "the non-fulfillment of Turkey's commitments... by December 2009, may further seriously affect the process of Negotiations" with the EU.

    In practice, the issue boils down to Ankara's "embargo" against Ships and Airplanes using Cyprus' seaports or airports at the strategic EU island, which traditionaly hosts one of the World's biggest Shipping flags. EU has already "freezed" 6 relevant Chapters in EU - Turkey Negotiations since December 2006, after Ankara refused to fullfil a commitment it had undertaken when EU had decided to open controversial "accession" negotiations with Turkey, back on December 2005.

    - "As far as EU - Turkey relations are concerned, it's clear that Turkey needs to fullfil its obligation of full, non-discriminatory implementation of the additional Protocol (to "EC-Turkey Association Agreement"),  This is an important issue....and should be addresseed as soon as possible as it clearly affects the pace of the accession negotiations.Issues covered by the Declaration of September 2005 will continue to be followed up, and progress is urgently awaited", warned earlier in Strasbourg the out-going Czech EU Presidency (former vice-Prime Minister Alexander Vodra).

    But the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, dismissed "interpretations" by "some" that Foreign Minister Carl Bildt was reportedly "threatening" Cyprus with consequences on the UNFICYP, if it doesn't accept any solution until December 2009, while Turkey is reportedly delaying in an attempt to impose a partitionist "2 States" solution.

    On the contrary, Julin, stressed that "Sweden has strong demands on Turkey'"s respect of "Copenhagen Criteria and EU Acquis".

    Meanwhile, Sweden  is "concerned" about the risk of "Stalemate" in Cyprus' Talks, but is well aware that "the main responsibilities lie with the two leaders and the UNO", Europe playing only a role of "facilitator".

    After carefully verifying, the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, stressed to "EuroFora" that Bildt's reference to UNFICYP "was not linked to a Threat", and dismissed those who "interpreted" it so.

    On the contrary, the Swedish EU Presidency acknowledged the fact that Peace Talks are mainly for the UN and the leaders of the Cypriot communities, EU's role being limited into that of a "facilitator".

    As for Turkey's reported attempts to impose a "2 States' solution", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service sharply replied by stressing that Turkey must respect the "EU Acquis" rules.

    In particular :

    - "Basically he (Bildt) underlined that it's the leaders of the two communities in Cyprus and the UN that have the main responsibilities for solving the problem", started to say the Swedish Senior Official to "EuroFora", referring to the above-mentioned "briefing".

    - "But the EU had a role in sort of pointing out the benefits and facilitating a little bit the outcome for the settlement of the whole Cyprus' issue", she added.

    - "And he did state the Fact, that the rest of the World (i.e. USA, etc) will, of course, look at the differend issues which are at the table, and the future of the UN Peace keeping force is part of what is at the table", she admitted.

    - "I understand that some have interpreted that as a Threat, by the Swedish Minister" "But", in reality, "it's a statement of a Fact, that, when we'll look at the differend issues, one of the issues on which we shall have to take a stand on, is the future of the UN Peace keeping force in Cyprus".

    Indeed, one of the questions usually raised for a Solution of Cyprus' issue is what International and/or European or other Guarantees, by a Peace-keeping force, might be needed afterwards, eventually for a transitory period.

    Questioned anew by "EuroFora" whether (according to critical Press Reports) this could be taken as a veiled warning that, if Cyprus didn't accept any Turkish demand for any solution whatever, it might be left alone to face Ankara's Military Invasion/Occupation, she denied :

    - "He (Bildt) didn't say it in that way"... "It was not linked to a threat, or anything like that", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service stressed.

    On the contrary, "he (Bildt) underlined that the main responsibility lies with the parties concerned on the island". "The EU can try to facilitate and show the benefits of reaching a settlement. But also, when the EU and the rest of the World (i.e. USA) will have to look at it, they will look at all the Facts on the table, and the presence of the UN Peace-keeping force is one".

    And "he (Bildt) didn't speak about that at all", she replied to "EuroFora" question on Turkey's reported attemps to impose, in one way of another, a partitionist "2 States solution".

    Asked whether Bildt's aim was to incite both parties to move forward efficiently, she agreed :

    - In fact, "the EU is really very concerned with the Stalemate in the situation. Yes !", the Head of Sweden's Foreign Ministry's Press Service anounced. That's why Bildt "was hoping for the two parties (i.e. for Turkey's also) to engage and break, a little-bit, the present stalemate, come to a solution of the issue" of Cyprus.

    But, replying  to a "EuroFora"s question on the risk, denounced by several politicians in case of strict Time Deadlines, for Turkey to provoke a stalemate and wait for the time to come to impose a partitionist "2 States' solution", she reacted by pointing at Turkey's obligation to respect "EU Acquis" :

    - "Turkey must fullfil the EU Acquis : That's clear !", the Swedish Senior Official stressed.

    More details are expected when Swedish Prime Minister Reinfeldt will debate his Programme with new MEPs at EU Parliament's plenary mid-July in Strasbourg, that he has visited already in 2008.

    Foreign Minister Carl Bildt became familiar with Strasbourg's CoE last year, when Sweden chaired the PanEuropean organization of Human Rights. As EU chairman-in-office, he will also chair the 27-member States strong EU Group inside the 47-member States strong CoE.

    Minister for EU affairs, Cecilia Malmstrom is well known at EU Parliament, where she has been an active MEP of the Liberal Group for many years, following also Press Freedom issues.

    Both have already made various statements at "EuroFora", on differend topical matters.

    ***

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