english french german greek italian lithuanian russian serbian spanish
Home arrow newsitems arrow Anti-Corruption + pro-EU, Greek former Prime Minister dies, leaving Key+Topical European Legacy

Anti-Corruption + pro-EU, Greek former Prime Minister dies, leaving Key+Topical European Legacy

Written by ACM
Monday, 29 May 2017

 mitsotakis_greetings_and_thanks_to_his_father_400

*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- Former Prime Minister Constantin Mitsotakis who died nowadays in Greece, leaves a Legacy whose real main points are, in fact, both of Historic value, as well as much More Topical and "Spicy" than most Establishment's members would dare acknowledge, despite several routine hommages, etc., filling the mainstream Medias Today as far as he's concerned.

The most Important is that CM served as Prime Minister of an exceptional Government almost of "National Unity", which associated Together almost All Political Parties, (from his own, Center-Right ChristianDemocrats/EPP of "New Democracy", up to ...even the "Communist" Party, included, etc), Focused mainly in the Fight against Corruption, which had become a Vital Necessity, already back on 1990-1993, after a Decade of "Socialist" PASOK's former Governments during the Eighties, which had been notoriously filled by a Growing Series of big Scandals about Money, massive Clientelism, Cronyism, Oppression and abuses against Dissidents, even elimination of some critics or investigators, etc.                                                        

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In fact, that infamous Big "DEBT", which still Hampers EU Member Greece Today, bothers all Europe, and Risked to provoke even a Euro-Zone's Crisis, often exploited by some Foreign Anti-European forces in order to attempt to Undermine and/or Slander the European Integration process, hade Started since that Crucial Period, i.e. from 1981 onwards. I was mainly due to former "PASOK" Governments excessive Clientelistic abuses, which brought a Huge, DisProportional Number of counter-productive Cushy Job Holders into the payroll of the State and the wider Public Sector, far Beyond what its thin Economic productive basis could support.


This was notoriously Hidden, Disguised under a Goldman Sachs' SWAP, through 1998 - 2002, i.e. when Greece entered EuroZone, even UnPrepared, in exchange of Accepting Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU bid, pushed by Clinton, Blair, Jospin and Schroeder, Alema, etc. (all Socialists) then. Only to notoriously "Explode", at the latest, on 2009, in the middle of a Global Financial Crisis, when the accumulated Huge Debt thrown over Greece became inevitably obvious, provoking an original Shock.


But the Anti-Corruption new Governemental Coalition of 1990, was Forced to Interrupt its work, only a Few Years later, from 1993-1994, since, as an indirect consequence of the former Yugoslavia Conflicts, the Socialists of "PASOK" exploited the aftermath of Yugoslavia's Break up, in order to Hide behind a neo-Nationalist reaction as far as FYROM's provocative claims were concerned, topling that 3 Years-long, exceptional, quasi-National Unity Government.

 

constantin_mitsotakis_on_1990_spring_ap_archives_photo_400


If it had been let Free to normaly pursue its main, Anti-Corruption aim to Investigate, Reveal and Punish all Scandals and serious Abuses committed by former "PASOK" Governments and their cronies during the 1980ies, it might have played a really precious and much needed, Historic role, in unveiling various Crimes and bringing those responsible to Justice, as well as in Preventing the subsequent considerable Worsening of that Hidden "Debt" Crisis which was later exploited by some Foreign Networks, as a "weak point" in EU Integration, in attempts to Undermine all Europe, (Comp. Supra).


That exceptional, 1990-1993 quasi-National Unity Government had already kick-Started a necessary Reduction of the DisProportioante Number of Civil Servants, after a Decade of Massive, Costly and CounterProductive Clientelism by fromer "PASOK" Governments during the 1980ies, but this effort was cut short too soon.


-----------------------------------


Constantin Mitsotakis was known for his support to EU's "Copenhagen Critera", (adopted bck on 1991, i.e. during his term in office), which should be respected by each 3rd Country wishing to become Candidate for EU Accession. It's mainly about Conditions related to Human Rights' respect, Democratic principles and Rule of Law, (which, if they were really applied, would have, f.ex., prevented Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU bid, Sparing to Europe all those Troubles which were provoked precisely because those Copenhagen Criteria weren't seriously used in that case).


He also launched Greece's moves in order to join the Shenghen area, after supervising its entry into the EU itself.


Last, but not least, it's during Constantin Mitsotakis' Government that Cyprus lodged an official Application, back on 1990, in order to become EU Member, (something which was Achieved on 2004). It was a kind of ...Kopernician Revolution, since Cyprus' geopolitical Strategy, until then, had been much more Focused on the initial "Non-Aligned" Movement, dating from the Earlier, DeColonisation Period, marked by ArchiBishop Makarios, Naser, U Thant, Sukarno, King Hasan II, Burgiba, Zhou Enlai, Ho Chi Minh, Tito, Castro, Assad, Boumedien, Gandi and Nehru (India), etc, which represented, at a moment, about 2/3 of UNO's Member States, opposed to the Cold War Division. Strategicaly located Islands of Cyprus and Malta, subsequently left the NAM and made a pro-European U-Turn, aligning themselves with the EU.


------------------


The President of ChristianDemocrat/EPP Parties, Joseph Daul, experienced former long-time Chairman of EU Parliament's ChristianDmocrat/EPP Group and Strasbourg's MEP, hailed "a Visionary Leader", speaking of Constantin Mitsotakis' death. EU Commission's President, Jean-Claude Juncker, experienced former Long-Time Prime Minister of Luxembourg and Euro-Group's Chairman, called C.M. a "European" and "Emblematic Figure", whose "Life was associated with important moments of EU integration".


Inter alia, it's also German mainstream Medias such as "Zeit", "FAZ", "Welt", etc., as well as Austrian "Die Presse" and Swiss "NZZ", French "Le Monde", American "AP" and "Bloomberg" Press Agency, "NYT", etc., which Published relevant articles.

 

The former Prime Minister had been reportedly Condemned by the NAZI Occupation to Death during the 2nd World War, and was Arrested by the Putchist regime of the Colonels, later-on, being obliged to Escape in exile to Paris during 1967-1974.


He just missed a whole Century, passing away at 99 Years old, in quite good Health, reportedly among his Family.


-------------------------------


C.M. is survived by his Daughter, MP. Dora Bakoyannis, former Foreign Minister and f. President of CoE Assembly's Political affairs Committee, and his Son, Kyriakos Mitsotakis, young President of main opposition party of "New Democracy" in Greece, (ChristianDemocrats/EPP : Comp. f.ex. Statements also to "Eurofora", during EPP Summits in Brussels, at ...+...).


His Party is currently credited by Polls with a 16 to 18% Advance compared to Tsipras' governing Party of the Left, but Greece is reportedly threatened by a 2020 Peak in the service of its Debt, which originated from the Early 1980ies (Comp. Supra).

 

 Meanwhile, most among those counter-productive cushy job holders and/or political lackeys who profited from former Clientelist Governments' (mainly PASOK) of the Past, after having abusively being paid, for many Decades, quite confortable Salaries, several Allowances, Social Security and Holliday Leaves, etc. in Permanent and Safe, Public Sector Jobs, that they didn't deserve, povoking that huge, but initialy Hidden "Debt", which grew like a "Silent Killer" between 1981-2009 (Comp. Supra), are, recently, in the process of attempting to transform that also into more or less Cosy Retirement Pensions, due to last for another 2 or 3 Decades+, without even working at all, no more, while, on the Contrary, the Productive sector of the Economy and, particularly, most Small-Medium Businesses, have notoriously Suffered a lot, being still seriously threatened with extinction, and the various Victims of the 1980ies' and further Discriminations, Abuses or even Crimes, incuding Poor People, after having Suffered a great lot all this time, have been notoriously thrown in an Unprecedented level of Impoverishment, vainly seeking for Justice to be done, at last. I.e. reaching a rare but Crucial point, where real Economic Efficiency, and Social or Moral Justice, (sometimes even merely Criminal), have, in fact, become Synonymous..

.

 So that Kyriakos, who already has a relevant Experience as former Minister for Administrative Reform, theoreticaly might, eventualy, (alone or together with others) be given a Chance, by the Greek People, to Conclude, sooner or later, his Father's Unfinished Task, even if in Harder, but more Pressing circumstances.

 

 

(../..)

 

 

--------------------------------------------------

 

***

 

(NDLR : Headlines Photo : published by his son, Kyriakos, at his personal Website, now. 

+ 2nd Photo : From "AP" Archives, dated Spring 1990)

 

***

EUDigitalMedia

Statistics

Visitors: 25973084

Archive

Login Form





Remember me

Lost your Password?
No account yet? Create account

Syndicate

RSS 0.91
RSS 1.0
RSS 2.0
ATOM 0.3
OPML

Other Menu

imag0634_400

People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
-------------------------
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

Polls

2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

Results

SMF Recent Topics SA

Copyright (c) 2007-2009 EIW/SENAS - EuroFora.net. All rights reserved. ISSN 1969-6361.
Powered by Elxis - Open Source CMS.