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Home arrow In Brief arrow Investigative Web Editor/Journalist Murdered - CPJ emails Eurofora+ Police finds 1 Suspect

Investigative Web Editor/Journalist Murdered - CPJ emails Eurofora+ Police finds 1 Suspect

Written by ACM
Wednesday, 27 July 2016
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- An investigative News Website Editor, Journalist Joao Miranda do Carmo, aged 54, was Murdered in Cold-with 7 Bullet Shots fired at his chest by 3 or 4 Thugs who slyly attacked him at his Family Home doorstep, where they came and fled with a Car, last Sunday, July 24, but the Police has just Found and Arrested one of the Culprits, it was anounced Today, (See Infra).

 
New York - based "Committee to Protect Journalists" e-mailed "Eurofora" and other Media as well as Human Rights activists, asking National Authorities to "conduct a thorough and Timely Investigation into the Murder of (the) Journalist", "establish the Motive for his Killing, and Bring all those Responsible to Justice".

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The Union of Professional Journalists in Goias region, and the National Federation of Journalists in Brasil, reportedly issued similar Statements for the Killed Website News Editor, who was expected to become also a pre-Candidate for Next Year's Local Elections of a Municipal Councillor. 

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Do Carmo had previously Worked for 15 Years at his Local Municipality of Santo Antonio do Descoberto (Saint Antony the Discovered), before Creating his own News Website named "S.A.D. UnCensored" (withOut Censorship), 4 Years ago.

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The Murdered Man's Wife reportedly explained that "her Husband Worked with Recycling, but, in Parallel, Denounced what he Found Wrong in the City", by Publishing in his News Website, "that he had Created on 2013".


According to Local Press reports, already before some years, he had fallen Victim of an Arson Attack against his Car, while, recently, he had Started to receive even "Death Threats", particularly after the On-Line Publication of his 2 or 3 Latest Articles, as well as various Messages in Social Media.


His Latest NewsReports included a virulent Denunciation of the Local Mayor's practices, particularly on unpaid workers and unfulfilled pre-electoral promisses, as well as a Collective Fraud in Local Elections discovered by a Prosecutor in the case of at least 55 Persons. Two ordinary Crimes, including the Killings of 2 Persons, were added, concerning an armed Car Theft, where 1 culprit was shot back by the Police; and a suspected Drug Trafficking-related Murder of a Young Girl.

 

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As do Carmo had explained, his News Website was initialy destinated to publish "News, Opinions and Public Debates on Political Issues affecting the People", (i.e. something not so far away from "Eurofora"s initial aim, mutatis-mutandis). In this case, it included, particularly, "information on what happens in (that) Municipality and Region, ...which reveals the importance and the main points of the Policies" practiced in that area. But he also reportedly Focused on Criticising the current Municipal Authorities.


Several People, (including from the Catholic University of Brasil, etc), expressed their Sorrow and Condoleances to the Family of the Victim at a Special Web link for that purpose, (placed under the Heading  : from "Mourning" to "Nostalgia"), also Asking for an efficient "Investigation", and for "Justice to be done".

 

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Despite the Fact that, as CPJ 's deputy Executive Director Rob Mahoney notes, "More Journalists were Killed, for their Work, Last Year in Brazil than in any other Country in the Americas", nevertheless, the National Authorities, apparently, did Not let this Murder case be Banalized and Pushed aside, Nor Forgotten, but seem to have Started to Take a quite Efficient Action, Fast enough :


While reportedly still Investigating whether that Murder's real "Motivation" was related with the Journalist's "Work or Politics", the current Brazilian Authorities have just Succeeded to Find and immediately Arrest, in only 2 Days Time, at least one member among those Killers' Gang, who had Drived in his Car the Murderer, and holds a Job in the Local Municipality as Civil Servant.


In Comparison, Turkey's Authorities have Not Yet Found Anyone among those Responsible for a Similar Cold-Blood Murder of Dissident Turkish Cypriot Journalist Kutlu Adali, who was also Shot at his Family Home doorstep, in the Occupied Territories of Cyprus, not even almost .. . 20 Years after the Crime (1997-2016), despite a Crystal-clear Condamnation of Ankara by the ECHR in Strasbourg, following also a relevant Intervention of CPJ, (See our related Publications, both at "Cyprus Weekly", initialy, and at "Eurofora", afterwards)...


"Eurofora" naturally Joins the above-mentioned Demands for a full and efficient Investigation, so that all those Responsible for the Murder can be Found and Punished, as well as the Expressions of sincere Condoleances to the Family, Wife and Children, of the Victim, active Member of our World-wide Community of On-line Media Editors and Journalists.

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ECHR's President to "EuroFora" on Journalists Gongadze and Adali murders : Principles must apply to all States, without discrimination.


+ ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression (See below).


 European Court of Human Rights' President, Jean-Paul Costa, questioned by "EuroFora" on Journalists' murders, as in Gongadze and Adali's cases etc., strongly stressed all CoE Member States' obligation to make efficient Investigations to find and punish those responsible, and underlined that ECHR's case-law's principles must apply to all without any discrimination.

His call was clearly supported by various Top MEPs who denounced a risk of "Double Standards" if some Journalists' murders are investigated, while others don't.

To avoid such risks, CoE's Parliamentary Assembly adopted a Resolution, on the occasion of Ukranian Journalist Gongadze's murder, "stressing", as a matter of general Principle, "the importance it attaches to the safety of Journalists and political activists, especially those linked to opposition groups, in ALL member states of the CoE". All "crimes against journalists and political activists must be investigated ... as a matter of priority, without political interference".

Costa was replying to "EuroFora"s question on the fact that, after CoE's Committee of Ministers, also CoE's Assembly had just adopted a Resolution on Gongadze murder case, based on an ECHR's judgement of 2005, asking a full Investigation from Ukraine, who has found and condemned  in 10 years of jail 2 executants, but not yet the instigators.

While nothing similar was yet done for dissident Turkish Cypriot Kutlu Adali's murder, with 5 bullets shot at his head out of his Family's home in the territories of Cyprus occupied by Ankara's army, despite another ECHR's judgement of the same year 2005, and despite Turkey's claim that nobody was found among those responsible for the murder, and that there was nothing more to do..

In order to be credible and efficient, CoE's mechanisms shouldn't find a way to at least ask for full investigations of all Journalists' murders anywhere they might be committed, without exceptions ?

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- "On the larger question that you raised, I'd like to say, since we are in a period of stock-taking on ECHR's 50 Years, that the Court's case-law developed certain concepts ....such as the Positive obligations of States, part of which are also the procedural obligations", started to reply ECHR's President.

 - "Whenever Journalists, Lawyers, Defenders of Human Rights, or even simple Citizens are murdered, the States are held responsible, not only if its their own security forces' agents who committed these murders, but also if they didn't make sufficiently substantial and efficient Investigations", he stressed.

- "I want to strongly underline that we (ECHR) have found in many cases numerous violations of Articles 2 and 3 against States, ....(about) murders or torture, ...because they didn't make enough Investigations in order to try to find and punish those responsible".

- "We (ECHR) do that vis-a-vis all 47 (CoE) Member States, without any discrimination".

"Naturally, the circumstances in each particular case may be differend, and we can't ommit to apply the rules of proof, or the rules of criminal procedure".

"But we try, by all means, to apply these principles of our case-law, to all States", he concluded.

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      Costa's call was strongly supported by several Top CoE MEPs, from various Political areas


- "To investigate the murder of one Journalist, and not of another, looks like Double Standards", denounced the President of EuroLeft Group in CoE's Assembly, Dutch MEP Tiny Cox.  

- "What is the reason ? Politics or specificity of a case ? Of course, if Cyprus and Turkey are involved, it's always a Political case"..

- "Murders of Journalists should always be fully investigated, because killing Journalists is not only killing persons, but also killing Free Press".  "We (CoE's Assembly) should do our outmost to help People who are working on Free Press and they are under threat or murdered".

Because for Free Politics, Free Press is a pre-requisitive : Parliamentarians  cannot  function without a Free Press. Not investigating, is not protecting ourselves".

So we should investigate all Journalists' murders : We are talking about Gongadze, about the Cypriot man (Adali), about the Journalist murdered in Moscow one week ago, etc", Cox concluded

- "CoE can' look at these cases differently. CoE can't wear Blinckers  !".
- "If the one is investigated, so has to be also the other. Why there wasn't full investigation ? Why's that ?", wondered British  Socialist MEP, Alan Meale.

- "A good idea" would be to "make a Motion for Resolution", and "join all Journalists' murders. Adali and Gongadze etc", said to "EuroFora" EU Parliament Political affairs Committee's President, Goran Lindbland, ChristianDemocrat MEP from Sweden.


(See also earlier News at "EuroFora" on similar issues).
-------------------------------

ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression :


    Almost Half of condemnations by ECHR for violations of Freedom of Expression in 2008, concern Turkey : 20 out of a total of 48 for all CoE's Member States.

    Russia, Poland, France and Moldova were condemned only 3 times. Romania, Greece, Portugal, 2 times, and the other CoE Member States only 1 time, or none.
--------------------
    During the last Decade : 1998 - 2008, Turkey was condemned for violating Freedom of Expression in ..169 cases, while Austria only in 24.

    France and Moldova in 14 and 13, respectively, closely followed by Russia and Poland with 11 and 10, respectively. The rest of CoE Member States had less than ten condemnations.    
    

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