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Home arrow newsitems arrow China General Consul to EuroFora: Shanghai Summit on Economy with G20 Chair French President Sarkozy

China General Consul to EuroFora: Shanghai Summit on Economy with G20 Chair French President Sarkozy

Written by ACM
Thursday, 08 April 2010

* Angelo Marcopolo/Strasbourg/- Global Economic issues and New "Green" Technologies are due to be at the focus of Shanghai's Heads of State/Government Summit after the inauguration of the biggest in History International Exhibition on May 1st, where is expected French President Sarkozy before he takes over the G 8/20+ Chairmanship, and more than 100 other Leaders from all over the World, (including EU rotating Chair-in-office, Spain's Prince of Asturias, Heads of International Organisations, etc), said to "EuroFora" China's Consul General for the CoE and Strasbourg, Sun Jiwen, pointing also to the fact that "there will be, in parallel, many Bilateral Heads of State meetings on the sidelines" of the Mega-event.



From Copenhagen to ...Shanghai via Strasbourg ?

    "EuroFora" observed that, "during UNO's Copenhagen Summit of Heads of State/Government on Climate, China made an interesting and largely commentated entry, and recently, Copenhagen's deputy Mayor in charge of Environment and Jobs, Klaus Bondam, said to "EuroFora" at the CoE in Strasbourg, that Shangai's challenge was to find ways to associate Chinese Terrritorial Authorities (Cities, Regions, etc) together with Europe and other Countries willing to develop New "Green" Technologies and Climate-Friendly policies'.

    Thus, we asked Jiwen what "perspectives" exist in this direction, as well as in order to "find a special Formula to associate" somehow China with the PanEuropean CoE, as it has already been done since Russia's accession  f.ex. for the USA, Canada, Japan, Mexico, Israel, etc,, (so that now China is the only UN Security Council Permanent Member which has not yet been linked to the CoE) : "In the past, CoE had used progressively its Cultural policies, afterwards was considered Sport, but now, perhaps, it might be Environment and Local/Regional Democracy, CoE's North/South Centre and Sustainable Development issues, or something else, in order to bring China closer to Strasbourg's Organization for Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law, (which traditionally serves also to pave the way for EU's Economic and emerging Political partnerships).

    - The experienced Senior Chinese Diplomat replied to "EuroFora" that, "indeed, Copenhagen Summit's Climat and Environent Protection issues attract, more and more, attention in China, both of the Government and of the People", Enterprises or Local/Regional entities. "Because a Sustainable Development can be made only by the Progress achieved by using New Technologies which protect the Environment", as he acknowledged.
    -- Recently, "the Chinese Government launched an Economic Program with 40.000 Billions €  for "Green Growth", including, f.ex. Construction, Energy, Natural Resources, Environment protection, and other related sectors of economy". So that, according to International Standards (f.ex. of the World Bank, OECD, etc), S.Korea has the 1st and China the 2nd rang in the World on Green Growth investment, he added.
    This trend opens "very good perspectives of Cooperation" with key EU Countries "as f.ex. France, because of the very Advanced Technologies on Environment Protection that you have here", the Chinese Senior Diplomat stressed, observing also the fact thet in EU Countries "as in France, Citizens are generally aware and well informed about Earth Environment issues" by the Media, Public Authorities, NGOs, etc. Hopefully, such infoirmation campains are developing now also in China, conceerning f.ex. Energy Savings, respect of Nature,  etc, enlarging the scope of "Cooperation which becomes both possible and necessary, particularly on New Technologies".

    - "Concerning China and the CoE, there arer regular exchanges and cooperation, developing rather fast, f.ex. in Youth or Sport policies, as well as with many Visits and Training, both here, in Strasbourg, and in China, as he said,     F.ex. last November 2009 we received a delegation of CoE Youth policy officials to discuss a Program which will extend for Many Years. Moreover, particularly since March 2010, we are in the process of developing a much larger cooperation with CoE's Congress of Local and Regional Authorities (CLRAE), where Chinese Cities are due to meet annualy with European Cities in Strasbourg, he anounced, as some among several possible concrete examples of the fact that China's cooperation with the CoE.seems to have "a promising Future".


A concrete example will be given during the May - October 2010 International Exhibition in China with an interesting cooperation between Shanghai and the Strasbourg-headquartered Alsace Region :     

Exceptionally, France's most performant Region in Environment-Friendly Sustainable Development, Alsace, will have ithe chance to open its own Pavillon, a superb "Solar Wall"-equiped "Green" High-Tech Building, which is one of the rare that will permanently stay in China, (instead of being deconstructed afterwards as others), who pays the construction designed by a team of specialized French Architects. Alsace's pavillon will also be side to side with .. Shanghai's own pavillon, the President of "Alsace International", and Alsace Region's 1st vice-Chair André Reichardt observed, thanks also to a pre-existing partnership with a nearby Chinese Region.


Destinated to help Enterprises pressent their ideas, partenship projects, etc, Alsace's original Pavillon at Shangai still has a few free places for some short or longer periods during the 6 Month-long event, whose organisation is funded by all the Local and Regional Authorities of Strasbourg'(s area, Reichardt anounced.

The May 2010 move, already prepared by the recently deceased former Alsace Region's President Zeller, timely comes with newly elected Alsace President Senator Philippe Richert's declared aim to boost a new "Eco-Technology" Competitivity Pole in the area, working together with the neighboring German and Swiss Authorities at the Upper Rhine Euro-Region, which "are very willing to advance in this direction", as confirmed to "EuroFora" the experienced Alsace Region's reelected Official, until now in charge of Scientific and Technological Reseach issues, Mrs Roehrfritz.

Initially focused mainly on Energy Saving New Technologies used for performant Buildings, Richert's idea to develop around Strasbourg a New "Eco-Technology" Pole, in addition and in cooperation with its traditional BioPole, could eventually be extended, sooner or later, also to other, even Higher Scientifico-Technological and productive assets of the Franco-Germano-Swiss area strategically located at EU's heart, which includes, f.ex. Strasbourg University's World famous Seismic Center, part of the "Earth Institute", SERTIT's urgent Space - Imaging centre, Alsace's Atmospheric Pollution control body (ASPA), the International Space University, Solar Energy Research on new Materials' Research on New Materials for Solar Energy (including, f.ex. promising Topological Bio-Materials for more efficient Solar Panels at Chadron Institute, etc), close to Stuttgart's SME which won EU's GALILEO Satellites' fabrication bid at the beginning of 2010, ESA's Space Control Centre at nearby Darmstadt, linked also to the European Austronaut Center at Koeln, another Rhine city, some important German and/or Swiss Weather Science and Atmospheric Dynamics' Technology centres, (from Baden Wurtemberg up to Bavaria), etc, while EU is currently developing its GMES program on Space "Global Monitoring for Environment and Security", as the competent EU Commission's vice-President, Antonio Tajani from Italy, recently stressed at EU Parliament in reply to an "EuroFora" question (See relevant "EuroFora" Publication of January 2010),  which, taken all together, could  form what the Strasbourrg-based European Foundation of Sciences' latest Program calls "Earth Science" pole, with an important overall Scientific, Technological and Economic strength.


- "Yes, of course. That's exactly what I think : There are many such valuable assets with a Richness of potential that we must seriously examine and try to find a way to develop, "advancing  the (Franco-Germano-Swiss) TransBorder Cooperation further" on a possibly larger and stronger Eco-Technology pole, Alsace Region's new President recently replied to "EuroFora" on this issue. (See specific "EuroFora" NewsReport, earlier sent to Subscribers/Donors).

Richert topically said that to "EuroFora" just before his recent meeting with French President Sarkozy at the Elysee Palace in Paris, where he earlier anounced, together with German Chancelor Merkel, a clear Franco-German will to create a Starsbourg - Stuttgart "Eco-Mobility" new Technology show-case in parallel with joint Franco-German Education and Research Poles of Excellence, of European and International interest.(See "EuroFora"s NewsReport from the Sarkozy-Merkel Summit, February 2010).

Sarkozy is meeting tomorrow, Friday, with USA's NASA related California Instituite of Technology's Director, French-origin Professor Jean-Lou Chameau, a specialist of Geo-Engineering, married with Dr. Carol Carmichael who is directing Georgia Tech's Sustainable Development and Renewable Technologies centre.

The move comes the same Day of a Franco - Italian Summit with the Government of Silvio Berliusconi, (including the experienced former EU Commisioner Fratini, currently Italy's Foreign Minister), uniting at Elysee Palace in Paris the two bigger Mediterranean EU Countries, a day after ESA succesfully launched its Climate-related Cryosat 2 Satelite on Polar Ice melting, and before an important ESA gathering on Earth Observation next week in Italy, whose EU Commision's vice-President Tajani is in charge of EU Space Industry policy, introduced by Lisbon Treaty since December 2009 : See Tajani's statements to "EuroFora", Jan. 2010). And just before Sarkozy's close counselor Henri Guaino, discussses, at Paris Forum's Conference on Saturday,  the latest developments  2 Years after the creation of the "'Union for the Mediterranean" by a Heads of State/Government Summit in Paris on July 2007, while recent Press Reports revealed a France-led "TransGreen" plan to link Europe to Africa with sub-Mediterranean Electricity transport cables, as a complement to the Germany-led plan "Desertec" for the production of Solar Energy throughout Sahara..
The GALILEO example...
Meanwhile, eventual Franco - Italian moves to boost  EU's Space policies, could usefuly join the earlier anounced Franco-German Space Agenda (See February 2010 "EuroFora"'s NewsReports from the Sarkozy-Merkel Summit), including on the GALILEO Satellite Navigation System, whose past delays risk to cost Europe even China's and other big 3rd Countries (f.ex. India, etc) initial wish to participate financially ;

- This was clearly revealed by another "EurroFora"s question to China's Consul General at the CoE in Strasbourg, on what happened recently after the previously anounced Pekin's intention to join EU's GALILEO project with more than 200 Millions €, shortly after a 2006 meeting between EU Parliament's long-time Rapporteur on GALILEO, German ChristianDemocrat former MEP Brigitte Langenhagen, and a delegation of Chinese Experts, at a larger event co-organized by the International Space University and "EuroFora"s founder :

- "I had heard about EU's project GALILEO some years ago, when I was posted in Brussels, but afterwards, I'm not sure if it was stopped, or if it really goes on, because, as time went by, people were speaking less and less about it", honestly replied Jiwen. "Meanwhile, during recent years, China's Space programs have developed very fast, launching many Rockets and Orbital Flights, including Human Space Flights with  Austronauts, etc, so that China will probably have now  its own Geo-Positioning system, and EU another one", as he said, (while Russsia's own system GLONASS is preparing to "become Global after June 2010", as ISU's Russian professor recently confirmed to "EuroFora").

- "But, even if China advances on its own Geo-Positioning program, there still exist Possibilities for Cooperation" with Europe "in this domain" of GALILEO's Satellite Navigation System, the Senior Chinese Diplomat concluded in reply to "EuroFora"'s question.

Jiwen obviously wasn't yet aware of the new moves done since January 2010 by EUCommission's vice-President Tajani from Italy, (after Lisbon Treaty entered into force on December 2009 giving to the EU for the 1st time a solid Legal Competence on Space policy), to pass a deal on the Production of a series of Satelites for GALILEO by a nearby Strasbourg, performant Stuttgart-based German SME, and to stress at EU Parliament in reply to "EuroFora"'s questions a strong will to boost EU's GALILEO, GMES and other Industrial Space projects;  (See relevant Jan. 2010 "EuroFora"'s NewsReport)...

The Chinese Senior Official's spontaneous reaction on the GALILEO's past delayes, (See supra) clearly shoiws that EU needs to clearly and rapidly confirm a strong ambition to develop Space High Tech., often linked also with Environment-related issues, (Comp. supra), and make it known to the World. EU Parliament's recent Resolution for the development of a "Strategicaly Autonomous" European Security and Defence policy, drafted by mainstream French MEP, Chairman of EU Parliament's Security and Defence Committee, Arnould Danjean, (See Danjean's statements to "EuroFora" on March 2010 NewsReports, some published and other sent to Subscribers/Donors), rightfully has launched strong calls to boost several Space Technology tools able to protect EU's Citizens and economy from various challenges.
The next Union for the Mediterranean Summit is scheduled for June n Barcelona, Spain, which holds the EU rotating Chairmanship, and is expected to present an initial overview of its objectives with Foreign Minister Angel Moratinos' intervention at the Paris' Forum, in the Brongniard Palace, Friday and Saturday, together with various other politicians and experts from EU and South Mediterranean Countries, as well as from the USA, since American President Obama's recently expressed intention to cooperate with Europe in the Mediterranean are at the focus of this 2010 Paris' Conference.    

But, China, another notoriously fast-emerging actor on "Green" Technologies, is not far away : Currently representing just 7% of imports concerning Africa, where other Countries like France, or even the US, traditionally represent more than 30%, as he said, China is progressively developing its investments in African Countries, with more or less Economic success, contributing to build Railroads or to use Energy, etc., obseerved today (Thursday) its experienced Consul General in Strasbourg and at the CoE, Su Jiwen. Symbolically, Shangai's 2010 International Exhibition will host a huge Pavillon offered to all developing African Countries, he observed, while Africa is also due to be guest of Honour to the prestigious 14 of July National Day Parade at Champs Elysees in Paris, as French President Sarkozy recently anounced.

All this obviously brings to the limelight the Euro - African relations at the moment that EU searches to shape both its Energy policy for the foreseeable future, and to contribute to boost Sustainable Development and Climate-friendly New Technologies and norms.

Immediately after UNO's Climate Experts'  forthcoming meetings in Bonn, early June 2010, EU Head of State/Government Brussels' Summit at the end of June, is expected to have also an important part on Development Policies, probably linked with Climate issues and Technology transferts, before September 2010 New York Global gatherings to review and boost Millenium Goals' advance, revealed earlier in Strasbourg to "EuroFora" the competent EU Commissioner on Development, Anders Pielbags.




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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.


2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?


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