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Home arrow newsitems arrow Macron in Democracy's Historic Birthplace, Acropolis' Pnyx: a Stronger Europe via Citizens' Debates+

Macron in Democracy's Historic Birthplace, Acropolis' Pnyx: a Stronger Europe via Citizens' Debates+

Written by ACM
Thursday, 07 September 2017

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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- It's at the Historic BirthPlace of direct Democracy, at Pnyx Rock, Facing Acropole accross the Hights of Athens' Hills, that New French President Emanuel Macron felt a Strong Desire to Speak to "EU Citizens" as being: - "We, the Europeans", with "Our (common) European Identity", who "Share a History and a Destiny", seeking "the Sacred Force" of "a Miracle" to Revive in Nowadays Europe's foreseable Future to Build.


Among various and many Interesting Points, Macron's Amazing Plea, Focused also, at its Core, on Democratic Citizens' Debates Before Final Decisions, Adding Nowadays' Internet's Great Digital Communications' Potential : i.e. pointing astonishingly towards "EuroFora"s original 1997 (and mainly 2007) - 2017 Project, with a Surprizing Energy ! (See Infra).

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- His Host, Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, Introduced, Earlier, at that landmark Historic Scenery chosen by Macron, by reminding mainly that "Here was Born, for the 1st time, what we call "Public Area", for Discussion and Democratic Decision-making".


    He could have spoken, alike, about what World-Famous German Philosopher/Publicist Jurge Habermas, from the Nearby "Frankfurt School", notoriously calls : "Öffentichkeit", i.e. "Public Space", (and describes in his "StrukturWändel der Offentlichkeits" Book), already before his also Famous Critical and Dialectic "Dialogues" with former Cardinal and Theologian Joseph Ratzinger, who became Later on the (now Emeritus) Pope Benedict, at the Heart of Europe, in Baden-Wurttemberg, near Strasbourg


------------------------------------

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 - "This area obliges us - because it's here that emerged at first a Modern form of State, .. built by the Sovereignity of the People", Macron observed from he outset,


just before "Daring to Ask :  - What have We (Contemporary People) done of that (Ancient Greek)Democracy ?"

 - Indeed, Here, "... at Pnyx dominated the Desire of Free Speech, of Debate, even of Controversy", he Reminded.

 

macron_at_pnyxacropolis_landscape_eurofora_screenshot_400 

But on the Contrary, - "In Europe, Today, Democracy, Sovereignity, and Trust, are in Danger !" Because "We were Not at the Height of the European Idea"...
 
 - "Europe was always build by Winning against Wars and Catastrophs", he reminded. "And Europe does not exist without that Never-Ending Voluntarism", Macron stressed.


 + And, in Fact, "Europe itself was a Metamorphose, a Perpetual Metamorphosis". : Indeed, "We shouldn't repeat the same, particularly when we did an error...+ "When Europe Stops, it Negates itself, it Risks to be bellied".


 - "F.ex. Modern Greece found the EU by turning the page of a (Military) Dictature", back on 1974, (as also Spain, Portugal, etc), the French President reminded.
 
 - But, Nowadays, "we see History Accelerating, to Dislocate more and more an Order established more than 30 Years ago, withOut anyone able to say what order will Emerge from the on-going Mutations", while also "New Risks appear", he Warned.

 - Nevertheless, For the Time being, "Europe is one of the last Havens, where we persist to develop an idea of Humanity, of Law, Liberty, Justice"...

 

macron_at_pnyxacropolis_big_landscape_eurofora_screenshot_400

 
 => So that, Today, "More than ever, we Need Europe, the World Needs Europe". And "it would be a kind of collective Suicide, if we Let it Dislocate".


>>> "That's why we should Find the Initial Energy, the Force for a New Foundation of our Europe !", Macron urged.


 - "Not" just "to Repair what does not work, or attempt to repair it". "But to Start from the Critical Examination, without concessions, of what does Not work, during these Last Years", because, "Persist with what doesn't work, pretend to Ignore what is happening" right "in front of us".

 - Since, "Otherwise, some will take the Responsibility to let this Europe Die, by Big Crisis, or by slow Decay"...

 

    => "Instead of that, a Different Choice, that I Propose you Today, is to ReFound Europe !", he pointed out with Ambitious Voluntarism.


    - This should be done "through a Radical Criticism, because it's an Error to Abandon Criticism".

 

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 - And, in fact, "those who Love Europe must be able to Criticise it, in order to Warn, Rectify, to Ameliorate it", Macron rightfully observed.


 >>> "But Not with Technocracy and Bureaucracy, No !.. ", he Warned.
 
 - In substance, Today, "there are 3 Great Hopes : of Sovereignity, Democracy and Trust", he resumed.

------------------------------------------------


   - First of all, Indeed, "a primordial Necessity is to find anew our Sovereignity : i.e. Think by ourselves, Decide ourselves, Determine our Future".

 - "But, by overcoming Nationalisms, the Real Sovereignity, Nowadays, must be re-build through Europe":


   - " i.e. Unite our Forces in order to Build a European Power, in order to decide, without yielding to what some SuperPowers might do Better than us.


 - "Because Challenges are No more at the level of one Nation. F.ex., Climate crisis, provoked Inondations, Mass Migration, Terrorism, emerging Nuclear Powers", (etc)...
 
 - "Who Protects you ?  Nations alone ?", he Wondered.  

 - "It's true, that "Nations have a power, (and) they decide Democratically".

 - "But, what will allow us to have Digital Champions, to build a Strong Economy (etc) ? The Right Level is that of our European Sovereignity, able to Face those Big Powers, as USA, China, etc", he observed.  


  - "F.ex., in order to Develop Africa and the Middle East, so that Mass Migration is Prevented, in order to Fight Terrorism, Protect our Digital Data, in front of Climate Change, Defend us vis a vis some Authoritarian Powers which sometimes hold us Hostages", (as, f.ex., Turkey ?), etc., "a European Sovereignity will allow us to be Protected, and Exist", Macron affirmed.
 
 - Meanwhile, several "Political Leaders have Lied to the People", Macron Denounced. - "But who Paid for that ? Not those Political Leaders, only the People themselves"...


+ And, thus, "We Lost that taste of Social Cohesion, which supported us, we Lost that..., in a kind of Civil War inside Europe, between Powers which did Not Trust Eachother, no more", he Criticized.


 - "That's the History of the last 10 Years : a kind of Civil War, Focusing on our Differences, our Petty Betrayals", and "Forgetting that we had, in front of us, some Radically Different Powers"...


   + "While", in fact, "the Only Question raised, was how to make €uroZone an Economic Power able to Stand up in front of China, of USA... How to make Europe a Diplomatic and Military Power able to Defend our Values and Interests, in front of those emerging Authoritarian Powers : These are our main Challenges", the French President pointed out.


 => "This will pass through indispensable Institutional Reforms", he Announced, Promising that "I'll return back to that in a Few Weeks, with Detailed Proposals, a Road-Map" :


>>> F.ex., a "Strong Governance in €uroZone, with a Budget, (...) a Real CEO, and a Parliament, in front of which he must be Accountable", he Highlighted.


 - In order to "Build in 10 Years its (Europe's) Sovereignity", particularly "for our Young People" ! ...
 
------------------------------

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- "But, in 10, 15, 20 Years : What kind of Europe do we want ?", Macron Wondered, at this juncture.


 - In fact, "I want for You (EU Citizens) to have the Possibility to Choose your Future". Even if it's "to make, sometimes Difficult, Choices : That's European Sovereignity".


 - "Because what we have lived through, during those last 10 Years, was Not at all, at the Hight of our History !", he Criticized.


>>> Indeed, "Sovereignity is for the People to Decide the Direction towards which we'll advance".


  - And, "by its Enlargement, Diversity, etc, Europe faced suddenly a Popular "No !": (i.e. Against Turkey's notoriously Controversial and UnPopular EU bid, since the 1999 Sudden, Abrupt, Record-High, UnPrecedented Abstention of EU Voters from EU Parliament's Elections). And it was "the People who had Founded Europe, as in France, the Netherlands, etc., who said "No" on 2005, he reminded, (as far as those 2 unprecedented "No" to Euro-Referenda were concerned).  


=> - "Did we hear their complaints ? No !" In fact, "those who Directed Europe pretended that Nothing had happened, behaved as if there was nothing important going on, etc"..., Macron Denounced.

... the seeked some Deals, Behind the Back of the People, in order to Continue an Old Methods, which had Worked for Centuries : Make Europe on the Sidelines, (slightly Hidden), and Explain Afterwards ! (cf. AGG)


>>> "But, in Fact, what Happened on 2005 is that a Page was Turned, and we did not see that immediately : Europe can No more Advance far Away from the People !", he stressed.

 

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  - "It canNot Continue on its Destiny, unless it's Chosen, Desired (Accepted - Wished), and, therefore, Explained, Supported by the Entire European Population", he Warned.


   - F.ex., "as we also saw Recently on BREXIT, Suddenly the British People Woke up Against Choices often made by their Governments, and said : - "THIS Europe, is Not made for me. I Don't Find myself inside it. I do Not Understand it. Its Rules became Absurd. Look at THIS Europe, where I Lose my own Rights, ..." That's what was said by the British People Last Year" (2016), Macron critically observed, adopting a Similar stance to "Eurofora"s Analysis, Published then, (See : ....).  


=> "These Votes Marked the End of an adventure which pushed Europe to always go on as if things were to be Hidden from the Will of Our People"...


 - So that, "When I Fight Against Going Astray, sometimes because of Bureaucracy, which makes Europe go on through Rules that our Citizens do Not Understand, no more, ... Because she (Europe) Lost her Great Ideas, it's in order to Find aNew the Taste of the Salt of that European Democracy !" Macron pointed out, (citting "f.ex. on Posted Workers", etc)


=> "It's US, Who Believe in Europe, who allowed its Democracy to be Breached, go Far Away from the People, and make them even Hostiles..


>>> and its also Up To Us, to have the Guts (Courage) to Find aNew the Way towards Sovereignity, and we Must also have the Guts to ReDiscover the Way of Democracy !", he urged in parallel.


=> Because "this will go Through anOther Method to Re-Found Europe", Macron announced.


    + and That's Why I Wish that this Road-Map ...to propose in order to Build our Europe's Future during the Next 10 Years, should Not be a Treaty Negotiated in Secret, a Text Discussed  Behind Closed Doors, in some Dark Rooms, in Paris, Brussels or Berlin", Macron warned.
 
>>>  "But (on the Contrary), I propose to Test a New Method, so that ... (towards the End of 2017...), we can Build the Great Principles of this Process, Where we want to Bring our Europe, to Fix our Aims in a Crystal-Clear manner, so that we could, (from 2018) Present them to the European People".

=> "Everywhere (National) Leaders will Chose to Follow this Path, I wish hat in Each Member State, we can Organize, during 6 Months, (Popular) Consultations, the "Democratic Conventions", which will exist durin the Time where, throughout all our Countries, our People will Discuss about What Europe they want", Macron concretely proposed.

-------------------


+ In this regard, he also Urged to "Get Out of that Childish Dillema, where Europe has been stuck nowadays, with One Side willing to Seek the People in order to Say a "Yes" or a "No", that they are going to Manipulate for Months, so that the Referendum becomes an Arm of Populists alone, of Ani-Europeans,


while, on the Other Side, those who Believe in Europe practically End up by becoming Afraid of their Peoples, Hidding Behind their own Doubts, and say :  - "Let's advance, But withOut ever Changing the Treaties, Afraid to have anew a Referendum. Let's advance, But let's do it by Small Steps, Among us, (because) the People will Not Understand that", he Criticized...


=> On the Contrary, "Let's chose a 3rd Way, that which was (Historically) INVENTED HERE, at this very place where we are now, and which was Not that of Demagogues", But "that of (Real) Democracy :

 

macron_at_pnyxacropole_3rd_way_eurofora_screenshot_400 


=> That "of Controversy, of Constructive Debate, through a Critical Spirit and Dialogue", i.e. "that which consists into entering Deep Inside Each-one of the Issues, with their Complexity, in order to Find out what we Want for our Common City !"


>>> Macron proposed that, in particular, "for the 1st Semester of 2018, throughout All the Countries of Our Europe",


=> in order to "Find anew the (Taste of the) Salt of what was Invented in this place, (Ancient Pnyx, Facing Acropole), where we are Today", and "which Made our Democracies", he Urged.

-> Thus, in Practice, the French President proposed :


-  for "those Democratic Conventions to Discuss, during 6 Months,


- Debating on a Road-Map's Principles that the (EU) Heads of State/Government would have Highlighted,


- so that we (EU) can Meet Again, 6 Months Later, in order to Make a Synthesis,


- and, on this Basis, Debated and Shared on the spot, through Digital Debates Everywhere in Europe, (i.e. almost as "Eurofora"s +2007-2017 Project),

 

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=>  Let's Build what will be the Foundation for Re-Inventing our Europe for the Next 10 or 15 Years, let's Build the conditions of What We Really Want Together !", as he described.

- "That's the Ambition, concerning Methods, that I want for the  Forthcoming Months !", Macron clearly stressed.


-------------


>>> In Fact, "Get Back to the (Ancient) Greek History, it's Meet the Force of that Democracy (of Ancient Athens, in its "Classic" Era), the Energy of that Debate, (typical also of Philosopher Platon's "Socratic Dialogues", where this is used also as a Scientific Method to Find the Truth !), and that's what I want that We could Find Together for Our Europe", he explained in substance.


--------------------------------


 + "But, well Beyond that, I want for the EveryDay operations of the Future Europe, to become More Democratic anew, so that we get out of those rules Made by a Few for the Greated Number (of People), in order to Re-Discover More Democracy in our EveryDay Working methods", the new French President interestingly advocated in General,


 (i.e. speaking for a New Period, Open to the Future, After the above-mentioned 6 Months of Founding "Democratic Conventions" for EU Citizens).


=> - "That's why" Macron wanted, "for the Next EU Elections" (May 2019), f.ex. "Trans-National Lists" of Candidate MEPs, taken from those Leaving Brittish Former-MEPs, After the "BREXIT".

+ => And, anyway, "We Can Have a European Debate", with "European Lists" (of part of MEPs), "a Real European Democracy, able to thrive accross the Countries,


++ and, Tomorrow, If we want a More Integrated "Euro-Zone", a "Heart of Europe with a Vanguard", "let's Strengthen Democracy, let's set up a Parliament of €uro-Zone, which will allow to Build the Rules of a Democratic Responsibility of those who will Take Decisions - something which does Not Yet exist" until now, he Further Highlighted.


>>> "Because the Real Energy for Europe, is Not a Fascination for Rules, But a Democratic Vitality !", Emmanuel Macron rightfully stressed.


- In fact, "it's Possible to revitalise the Initial Promise of Europe, ... if we assume our Desire for Sovereignity and our Need for Democracy", he combined.


-----------------------


 - "As (the World-Famous Ancient Greek Political Leader) Pericles said, We (EU) can do Nothing amidst DisTrust and Treason" : Because, "Since Many Years" (Comp. Supra), "such a MisTrust has Undermined the Necessary Adhesion to the European Project, erroded the Trust that it Needs in order to ReStore itself, and That's Why it's Indispensable to Return Back to the actual Meaning of the European Adventure, to that Deep Conviction which supports it".   


>>> "We, Europeans, We Share a History and a Destiny", he stressed. And "it's by Re-Discovering the Direction of this Way, that we will become Able to Build Trust anew".

 

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- Finding "a Mirror facing Our European Identity" in "Athens' Acropole" Historic Monuments, Macron pointed at that "Sacred Feeling", "that Force" of Energy, which, (as "Malraux"s "Secret Greece", lying at the Heart of all Western men), allows us to "Recognize a European, an Image which ReMinds us of Europe, with "a Feeling of Unity", "a Color, a Reading, which makes that We Feel anew Europeans".


- It's, Symbolically, amidst the Lights of "that Night which arrives at Acropole's Hill", at "these Columns of Parthenon, that Design of Erechtheion and its Caryatides", but also "in this Europe of Litterature, of Cafés with Public Discussions, Friendly and Civilized as Nowhere Else, that lies Our Deep Concrete, which is Culture, OUR Culture !", the Young French European Political Leader revendicated.


- "We'll never Fight enough for the Europeans to revive their Conscience .. of that Common Base which Finds its way to Express itself through Many Centuries, in Manifold ways :" that "Europe of Reviews, of Travellers, of Libraries, of Ideas, .. of Capitals' Lights" (etc), "which Exists in so Many Ways .. withOut having to Wait for our Institutions, Treaties, ... Controversies". That "Europe of Mme de Stael, and of Benjamin Constant, spoke almost all Languages, was there Since Many Centuries, and Unites us, is that of Culture" : "And, in order to Revive that Spirit of Mutual Recognition and Knowledge, in order to, at last, Build anew the European Trust, it's from Culture that we must Start !", he urged.


=> This made President Macron to concretely point towards More "Students' Exchanges", "Academic Exchanges", "Language Learning", but also "'Common "Heritage": "Everyhing which embodies our Common History (Greek Art, Roman Art, Medieval Art, from Baroque to Classic), All those Monuments, those ArtWorks, which are the Substance of our Memory and Our Being", must be "Protected and ReVived" : Because, "When Civilisation is Under Attack, it's Attackes (also) in its Culture, in Its Heritage : Look at the Middle East or in Africa !", President Macron observed.


 (Obviously referring, inter alia, also to Deadly Islamist Terrorists of ISIL's Coward Killers Targetting defenseless Civilian People, but also, f.ex. the UNESCO Historic Artworks of "Palmyra", in Syria, as Al-Queda had done against Afghanistan's "Giant Budhas", Turkey is routinely Accused to do Against over-Millenary Armenian and/or Kurdish Historic Monuments, Occupied Cyprus' Christian Buildings, etc).


=> -"Protect that and make it thrive, must be a Mission for all Europeans" : "We Must Defend that Heritage, Support it, Re-Invent it, re-Appropriate it, Because it's Our Identity and Our Future !". And "it's through Culture and Heritage that we'll ReVive that Energy of Exchanges and (Historic) Sites, which make us always, (Beyond Our Divisions, at any Important Moment of Our Europe), decide to Advance Together, in order to Build something Stronger", as he said.


- Therefore, Macron pointed, f.ex., to a European-Level Cultural Heritage Forum, (speaking almost at the Eve of 2018 as EU's Year for Cultural Heritage), but also to the "Conditions for the Circulation of Intellectual ArtWorks throughout Europe", such as "Litterature, Philosophy, Poetry, History, Geography, Cinema, Live Spectacles, Sciences", (etc), "which are Our Common Ground".


 - "We Need, there, to create European Programs for Prority ArtWorks, coming from Cultural Heritage or Contemporary Creation", because, until now, "each Editor, Writer, Creator, has to Find himself ways to be Known and Translated, But te Result is InSufficient : We Need to Organise that Essential Domain" of Europe's Culture, of Translators, of Supporters of that Common Cultural Ambition", since "It's .. Inventions, and our Joint Imaginary which Forged Europe beyond its differences : We are Europeans, Inhabitants of that rare Babel whose Diversity of Languages and Traditions enriches and Stimulates".


---------------------------------


=> - "Therefore, we have anew that ... Ambition, through which Trust will be Re-Built : Sovereignity, Democracy, Culture are 3 Hopes to offer to Europe's Young People, in order to Take Hold of, and Appropriate them", because "it's Our Responsibility .. to make Young People Find anew the Feeling of a Strong and Legitimate Europe", Macron concluded.


 - "Some, may look at such an Endeavour, as being Doomed to Fail. .. Some may speak about "Technical" matters, "Details", "Texts", whether we "Want to Change the (EU) Treaties, or Not ?", "Which Articles to Modify ?" (etc).


 - "We'll come back to that". "But", meanwhile, "we've Lost the main Direction, the Deep Will, and the Ambition ! Should we also Fear such an Extreme Ambition ?", he wondered.


 - But, "When the Founding Fathers of Europe gave their Hands to their Former Ennemies, in a Continent still Full of their Victims, (f.ex.. as Early as, already since the Beginning of the 1960ies), can anyone Imagine their Secret Anxiety ?" And "didn't some describe as a "Crazy Ambition" that of those who were claiming that we were going to have a Common Currency ? It was just 30 Years ago !"... "Don't we have, no more, the Right to have an Ambition ?", he wondered.

 

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=> - "I Believe the Contrary", Macron firmly declared. That's why "France would present in the Debate : - "Are you Afraid of the European Ambition which will Make us ReDiscover the Meaning of Sovereignity, Democracy, and Culture ?"..., he Announced.


 - German Philosopher "Hegel said for that Moment that we share, that it's when (Ancient Goddess) "Minerva's Owl Flies away"... "Minerva"s Owl is Wise, and feels Confortable, Because it Always Looks Behind her, at a Determined Area of what we Already Know"...

>>> - "Do Not Stop at Minerva's Owl !" On the Contrary, "Seize that Crazy Ambition, to Wish anew a Stronger Europe, More Democratic, and Founded anew on its Culture and what Unites us !", Macron Urged.


- In Fact, "Our Hopes are in our Hands : Let's Desire that, all Together, Both for Ourselves and for our Children ! Then, I Promise you, We shall Succeed !", the New French President, stressed avec Voluntarism.


>>> "For that purpose, Let's Follow the Words of (Greek, NOBEL Prize Winner) Poet (and Diplomat) Seferis :"


- "When you Search a Miracle, you Must Sow Your Blood Everywhere. Because the Miracle is Nowhere Else, than in the Veins of Humans !"

 

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=> "Let's Give a Chance to that Miracle, all Together, for Our Europe !", Macron called in Conclusion, (apparently placing Humanism at the Heart of Europe's Future).


 

(../..)



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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
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    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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