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Home arrow newsitems arrow Biggest UN Summit in History at Copenhagen on Climate: Twin Win for EU if action is taken on 2010 ?

Biggest UN Summit in History at Copenhagen on Climate: Twin Win for EU if action is taken on 2010 ?

Written by ACM
Monday, 21 December 2009

*Copenhagen/Angelo Marcopolo/(Viewpoint)/- The biggest ever Summit of Heads of State and Government in UNO's History, as its Secretary General Ban Ki Moon called the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, which gathered some 129 Leaders out of 198 Countries' delegations, contrary to pessimist interpretations that it was a "catastrophic failure", can be a Twin Win for Europe's Worldwide Diplomacy, particularly if due action is taken on 2010, facts observed by "EuroFora" on the spot clearly indicate.


Some caricatural critics present the outcome as a total catastrophe for Europe and Climate, claiming that the EU would have been marginalised by a kind of "G-2" dominated by the US and China, and that any real decision able to meet the "Global Warming" challenge would have been dropped at Copenhagen.

But a differend interpretation looks closer to Facts, (particularly if they are seen inside a Dynamic Context, and not as static, isolated bits) :

On the contrary, Europe, by presenting from the start the most advanced position on CO2 Emmission cuts and on Financial Aid to Developing Countries (since Brussels' EU Summit), apparently incited USA, China and others to enter into UNFCCC''s framework and play the game, for the 1st time in History, undertaking some insufficient but real commitments, (f.ex. on aiming to reduce Temperature rise to less than 2%, on dressing an annualy reviewed Catalogue of each Country's undertakings, on helping Developing Countries and funding Forests, on preparing a Legally Binding Treaty, etc. See earlier "EuroFora"'s publications from Copenhagen).


If Europe didn't accept this 1st step, which now covers all countries involved, taking pretext of its insufficiency to fight Global Warming, then USA and China would remain, as before, without any obligation regarding Climate Change, as French President Sarkozy observed, (who was never among those who tried to isolate US President Obama, but was rather trying convince him to join the collective efforts). By accepting that elementary deal, basically brokered between USA and China's Premier Jiabao, Europe took the stance of a responsible and reliable partner.

However, since, obviously, the highly Controversial "Copenhagen accord" falls short from meeting the basic requirements for an efficient fight against Global Warming, (fex. by not being Legally Binding, by ommitting to determine the CO2 Emmissions' Cuts for each Country, by leaving the 2050 Deadline without clear commitments,
by being vague in USA's and others' contributions to Help for developing countries, etc : See ealier "EuroFora"s Newsreports), Europe, by refusing to endorse the paternity for that text, keeps intact its potential for a positive, constructive but strong Criticism of its insufficiencies.

Thus, EU can join arms and closely cooperate with the International Public Opinion's movement for the protection of Environment, (which asks for measures close to those adopted by EU's Brussels Summit on December 10, 2009 : See earlier "EuroFora"'s NewsReports from the spot), Scientists, NGOs, other concerned Counties, etc., as well as Millions of simple Citizens sincerely worried by the unusual frequence of Extreme Weather Phenomena, since it's Europe that has proposed the most advanced measures for a successful fight against Global Warmiing.


Sarkozy, working as usual closely together with Merkel, brought the UK inside the EU play, and (unlike others) didn't seek to isolate the USA nor China, but preferably incite a Multi-Speed, Multi-Stage Worldwide movement at all levels, but with one direction :

In a kind of "ZweiStufen" moves, according to a German formula which should be familiar to Chancellor Merkel, European diplomacy seems to have succeeded to both involve US and China in UNO's FCCC work, for the 1st time in History, AND to take a World-wide lead on the fight against Global Warming, keeping its huge potential for vital, healthy Criticism of the controversial "Copenhagen Accord" intact.

In principle, this leaves the EU free to defend its Industry from Unfair Competition and Environmental Dumping by imposing, fex. a "Carbon Tax" at its External Borders to merchandises produced in Countries which don't respect EU Standards for the fight against Climate Change. As well as to deal, fex. with 3rd Countries according to their behavior vis a vis EU-sponsored Standards for the fight against Global Warming, and/or differenciated EU stance vis a vis 3rd Countries according to the commitments they will undertake in the next few Months on the agreed UNFCCC's Annual Annexe (See earlier "EuroFora"s NewsReports).                                                                        
In fact, after Copenhagen, now it all depends on what will happen next in 2010, mainly during the Paris' meetings scheduled for Spring, before the bi-weekly preperatory UNFCCC meeting at Bonn, this Summer, in view of Mexico's COP16 December Summit, as well as on how UNO's Secretary General Ban Ki Moon will handle, meanwhile, his intention to use the link between Climate Change and Development as a key for a solution, (See relevant "EuroFora"s NewsReport).


(Chavez and other countries' representatives protesting)

 - "We were astonished by the way that the Danish Chair came to see us with an already prepared Draft Decision, instead of leaving us, at first, free to discuss at least the most important matters, as that on how to help the necessary "Adaptation" of Developing Countries to the measures against Climate Change", said to "EuroFora" African MP, Dr. Jerome Zampou, from Burkina Faso, (who was blocked, together with the wife of the Swedish Ambassador to -and former Chairman of- the CoE, NGOs, Experts, erc, at Copenhagen until Monday evening, after AirFlights to Strasbourg were cancelled because of a Snowstorm).


( Copenhagen Summit "took note" of a controversial deal, which suddenly fell as unexpectedly as snow)... 


 Now, after Copenhagen, 2010 offers a base and a time-frame for such required moves from all those involved.


(1st PHOTO supra : A Chinese Baby, at Andersen's little Mermaid famous statue in Copenhagen's Seaport the day after 2009 UNFCCC : - What Climate will he see in 2050 ?)



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    Scientific innovation joined to Faith for Human Rights, Eastern Partnership and fight against the Crisis, but above all, the need to overcome the "Crisis of Trust" from EU Citizens, are the main priorities for new EU Parliament's President, Polish Jerzy Buzek, that a 555-votes-strong majority of MEPs on July 14,  Strasbourg made a living symbol of the fact that, 20 years after the fall of Berlin Wall (1989 - 2009) there is no more an Eastern or Western Europe, but only one Europe, as the head of the largest group of MEPs, ChristianDemocrats/EPP, Joseph Daul, stressed after the event.

    Speaking later to a group of Strasbourg's Journalists, including "EuroFora", the new EU Parliament's President clarified his stance on concrete topical issues, as f.ex. that of Turkey's controversial EU bid, which was one of the main issues of the June 2009 Electoral campain, clearly won by his party of ChristianDemocrats/EPP :  - "At present, Turkey does not fullfil none of EU conditions", he stressed, (See infra).


    Buzek is well known in Strasbourg and to "EuroFora" as EU Rapporteur for the Framework Program of Scientific Research and Development of Technologies. A Natural Science Professor from the Historic and Religious landmark Polish City of Częstochowa, active in the famous Solidarnosk grass-roots social movement, he served 4 years as Prime Minister (1997-2001), before being elected as MEP in 2004 and 2009, after he brillantly won the latest EU Election at the head of his party (EPP) almost doubling the number of its MEPs from 15 to 28 !

    - "Innovation" and "Energy safety", as well as fight against the "Cimat change", but also "Eastern Partnership", the "Mediterranean", "Strategic partnerships" with Russia, the USA, etc, and the search for "solutions to the Economic Crisis" that EU Citizens "expect" from us, will be his "priorities", announced from the outset the new EU Parliament's President, reminding also that the quest for "Human and Civic Rights" played an important role in his experience with the Solidarnosc grass-roots social movement in Poland's History

    But, the most important of all, is the urgent need to overcome the "Crisis of Trust" between EU Institutions and the People he stressed : - EU "Citizens often don't understand us", denounced Buzek, launcing a call to "do anything for EU Citizens to understand our work" in EU Parliament : "We (MEPs) need to make EU Citizens involved" in "what we are doing every week, in Strasbourg and Brussels", he proposed. Pointing f.ex. to the hot "Debates" with "strong arguments" exchanged between MEPs during the preparation of their Legislative Decisions, in Committees, delivering often hard struggles between initially opposed points of view, long before forging a majority at the final vote, sometimes more than a year..

    Therefore, EU Parliament will be "open to your criticism, for discussion and exchange of views", he promissed to Journalists in Strasbourg.

    In this way, Buzek, in fact, highlighted "EuroFora"s main idea, that we strongly advocate since 1997-2007, to systematicaly and actively involve EU Citizens in public debates during the decision-making process of important EU measures, which affect their lives and the society in which they live, (and not only just a few weeks each 4 or 5 Years at the eve of EU Elections)...
    This is related also to the symbolic gift that Buzek chose to give to the out-going former EU Parliament's President, Hans Gert Poettering, (2007-2009), his collegue in the ChristianDemocrats/EPP, who brillantly won 2009 EU Elections in Germany : A genuine statute of sainte Barbara crafted in Silesia's black Coal by Polish Miners : Those simple but strong people who fought for social change against some technocrats and bureaucrats disguissed into so-called "real-socialists" of old times. (PHOTO).

    It's enough to have seen a popular open air mass, at Warsaw's center, with many thousands of people, old and young, simple workers and intellectuals mixed together, with references to Poland's history and struggles for survival and liberty, through various ages, (as fex. that organized at the eve of CoE's 2005 panEuropean Heads of State and Government for the beatification of late Pope John-Paul II), in order to understand what such symbols mean..


    But, overcoming the "Crisis of Trust" with EU Citizens obviously implies also to rectify any errors done in the past, fex. on Turkey's controversial EU bid, with controversial decisions taken in 1999 and 2004 to give a "candidate" status and to start EU negotiations, provoking an unprecedented series of 3 "No" to EuroReferenda and 3 Majoriy Abstentions in EU Parliament Elections : 1999, 2005 and 2009, (even if the latest one succeeded to decelerate and almost stop the drop of participation rates, opening hopes for vote's revival after an electoral campaign clearly critical to Turkey's claims in several mainstream EU countries)
    Therefore, Buzek was faced with manifold critical Questions on EU Enlargement, most of them citting concrete examples of certain political problems  :  But his replies were almost always given as a matter of general principle :

    F.ex. Questioned on the suspension of EU - Croatia talks because of a Border conflict with EU Member Slovenia, Buzek prefered to speak about principles :

- "We know that during Enlargement, the process can be blocked by failure to resolve this kind of issues",  This concerns also other enlargments' cases", and "these rules are always in force" he warned.

But Buzek avoided to directly reply to a queston on "French and German EPP' calls to define the Borders of Europe", as a German journalist asked him by making a reference to French President Nicolas Sarkozy, and German Chancellor Angie Merkel's, critical statements on Turkey at the June 2009 Electoral campain.    

- "Concerning Enlargement, there's always the same rules : There have to be Criteria, which have to be respected if a Country wants to join the EU", he started to simply reply.

- "For my country (Poland) it took us 15 Years to fullfil these Criteria", Buzek reminded, indicating, if proportions are kept, that Turkey, fex. would have to spend some 25 years before eventually joining the EU..

- "Countries wishing to join the EU need to Change their Systems", as we (Poland and other former Eastern European Countries) did, he stressed.

- "'For me, meeting the condition of Human Rights is one of the Key conditions for membership in the EU", preferring again to speak from the point of view of General Principles, on the occasion of an untimely question on Serbia (which is not even a candidate yet)...

- "Turkey" has, "first of all", to fullfil (EU) Copenhagen criteria". Bevause, currently, none of them is fullfiled by Turkey", New EU Parliament's President, denounced, speaking later to a group of Journalists, including "EuroFora".


In particular, on Human Rights :  - "We (EU) can never forget Human Rights", because "this is at the very Foundations of the EU", Buzek added.

On the contrary, when he referred to EU Enlargment for the  "Western Balkans Countries ", Buzek appeared upbeat, finding "promising situations", despite "difficulties" in the Past, since "Countries are queuing to become EU members", and this "generated changes", as he said.

As for Russia, Buzek observed that it was a "very important" country, located "in the same Continent", Europe,  "close to our borders", and "we need eachother". "But Russia' has 'differend poblems : "They claim that their system is Democratic, but rules are differend", and we must be "aware of such differencies", fex. "on Human Rights", that we can't ignore, as he said;

Concerning China, where a journalist observed that the recipient of EU Parliament's latest "Sakharov prize" for freedom of thought is "still in prison", Buzek found that since the 1999 events in Tien Amin square, "we see differencies on Human Rights still today", and expressed his "support" for those who try to ameliorate the situation.

On the contrary, speaking recently to "EuroFora" he strongly supported the idea for an EU - Ukraine cooperation, fex. between Airbus and Antonov, in order to build a  less costly but more performant than the old and problematic A400M, new Military Transport Airplane : - "They (Ukranian Antonov Company) can certainly do it. I'm sure they can. It's a good Idea, and I'd be glad if it was done", he told us. (See : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/airbusantonov.html )



2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?


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