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Home arrow newsitems arrow CoE: Turkey didN't Find any Responsible for Cyprus' Missing People Nor indemnified Victims' Families

CoE: Turkey didN't Find any Responsible for Cyprus' Missing People Nor indemnified Victims' Families

Written by ACM
Friday, 04 September 2020

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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- After the Latest CoE's Committee of Ministers' Session on ECHR Judgements' Implementation, this week in Strasbourg (1-3/9/2020), it became Clear that Turkey not only did Not Find, neither Punished Anyone for the Enforced Disappearances of Many People in Cyprus, Despite Many Years since ECHR Condemned Ankara's Government for that, But, Moveover, it Still Refuses to even Indemnify the Victims' Families at all, Contrary to Euro-Judges' verdict.

-  The move comes Shortly After CoE's PanEuropean Commissioner for Human Rights, Dunja Mijatović, (an Experienced former OSCE's Representative for Free Speech : comp. her relevant Statements to "Eurofora", f.ex. at ... + ... + ..., etc), Strongly Denounced "the Lack of Truth and Justice for thousands of Missing Persons" as  "a Serious Human Rights Issue" that still "remains in Europe", and "Call(ed)" on all CoE's Member States "concerned by this Problem", as a matter of Principle, to "Search for Missing persons with more Resolve, Investigate What Happened to them, Punish those Responsible, Acknowledge the Suffering of Relatives of victims of enforced disappearances and of missing persons, and Cater to their Needs".

Cyprus faces the Oldest such CoE's Problem attested by the ECHR, Since the 1974 Turkey's Foreign Military Invasion and Occupation, still on-going at the Northern Territories of the Island, (so that Ankara could Not ever pretend that it might not have had Enough Time to Investigate that Issue, as it should, according to the ECHR's Treaty, which had entered into force already since 1953), when 1.619 Greek Cypriots were proven to have gone "Missing". Since then, it's just a Few Dozens among them, for whom ...Only some parts of their Bones are estimated to have been Found by a Controversial RedCross-sponsored grouplet, (Sometimes with Tragic "Errors", as proved several Scandalous Cases of Bones, in fact, belonging to Other Persons !), while still Remain More than + 1.510 (Others speak of 1.532) Missing People for whom their real Fate stays UnKnown, even until Nowadays (2020)...

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=> So that, mutatis-mutandis, the main Developments on this Pioneer Cyprus' "Missing" People Issue, inevitably Affect, in one way or another, Also Various Similar Cases of Other Missing persons accross an Important Number of more CoE's Member States, which faced Different kinds of such Problems (Even withOut Foreign Military Invasion/Occupation) Later-on, "including in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovina", Serbia "and Other Countries in the Balkans, ... Georgia, Northern Ireland in the UK, the Russian Federation, Spain, Turkey and Ukraine", etc., as the PanEuropean Human Rights' Commissioner Mijatović noted in Strasbourg just a few Days ago, (Comp. Supra).

+ Moreover, this naturaly interacts, at least on certain Key-points concerning some Basic Principles, compared with UNO's and/or other, more or less Similar Cases of "Missing" People accross the World, (Even if withOut Foreign Military Invasion/Occupation, as in Cyprus by Turkey's Army), and Particularly in Latin America, where, in Addition to the Nearby Geneva-Based UNO's Human Rights' Committee (strengthened by a 2005 UN Reform : Comp., f.ex., "Eurofora" co-Founder's NewsReports from UNO's New York Headquarters during an Exceptional Heads of State/Government World Summit, published then at "Cyprus Weekly", etc.), and Mainly according to Landmark Case-Law developments, in this area, by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, as well as Inside certain Latin-American Countries, (as, f.ex., Chile, Argentina, etc), where, Notoriously, several among those Responsible for similar Crimes related to "Enforced Disappearances", (Since the Middle of the 1970ies, as in Cyprus), had recently Started to be Found and Punished.

Even the New, Landmark UNO's "International Convention for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearance", a Legal Tool insisting on Finding All the Truth and Punishing those Responsible for relevant Crimes, (that Mijatovic has just found "Crucial" for more "CoE's Member States" to "Ratify it" on 2020), which had been Signed at a much Publicized Event in Paris, sponsored by Historic former French President Jacques Chirac, and actively Supported by Vatican-related, Experienced Diplomats, etc., Despite the Fact that, Officialy, it couldn't settle but Only "New" Cases, Nevertheless, as some Key UNO's Top Legal Experts told "Eurofora", in Real Practice, it Can and already Started to be Used, in an adequate way, Also in order to Monitor relevant Developments linked to Pre-existing "Missing" People Issues, (f.ex. in cases concerning Spain, etc).

- "So many Families of Missing persons ...have been Demanding to Know the Whereabouts of their Loved ones for Years, sometimes even Decades", the PanEuropean Commissioner for Human Rights obserbed.  At least, "Establishing the Truth, is a matter of Justice. States Must No Longer Procrastinate on this Legal and Moral Duty", she Urged Nowadays.

Many and Horrible Abuses against Several Basic Human Rights Can, notoriously, be Hidden Behind "Missing" Persons' Tragedies : F.ex., inter alia, Deprivation of Liberty, Slavery, Robery, Heavy Sanctions withOut Any Fair Trial at all, Muzzling, Violations of Private/Family life, Inhuman/Degrading Treatments and/or Torture, Brutal Killings, etc...

 __________________

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In the Cases of Greek-Cypriot "Missing" Persons, during Recent Years, Searches Found, f.ex., Prisoners of War, intact and apparently Healthy when they were Cought by Turkey's Foreign Invasion/Occupation Army, (according to Crystal-clear Photographs, Witnesses, etc), But whose ...Bones, were, Afterwards, Discovered thrown and Hidden Deep inside a Well (sic !), Kidnapped People Transfered to Mainland Turkey's Prisons But Never Returned Back to Cyprus, Or Even various Civilians, as a Bank's clerk, apparently Killed after an Armed Gang stole the Keys and/or the Code giving access to a Safe with Money, a Young Mother, a Child, (etc)... Moreover, probably in order to Hide any Trace of Horrible Crimes, more and more Cases were Found where Mass Graves had been "ReMoved" from one Location to anOther, Often with the Bones broken into Smaller Pieces, eventualy Mixed up and/or Dispersed around, so as to Hide the Identity of the Victims, and/or the Location, the Circumstances of What Really Happened to them, as the Government of Cyprus Denounced several Times at the CoE. (To the Point that Find an Entire Skeleton started to Become Rare, while some Victims' Families were given just a Bone to Burry, which, Later-on, proved to belong to anOther, Different Person, while the Fate of their Beloved one Remained still UnKnown !)...

cmps_20072020_method_on_cyprus_missing_cmp_video__eurofora_screenshot_400 

Inter alia, f.ex., the Latest Official News (of this Summer 2020) from the Inter-Communal Body, under IRC auspices, which has undertaken the Task to Search (Since a 1981 initial Compromise between the 2 Sides, Using All Kinds of Evidence, i.e. Photos, Notes, Archives, Witnesses, Enquiries, Remains, etc), and Also Unearth any Remains (Since a Controversial 2007 Plan, mainly Based on Genetic Bio-Tech.) from Cyprus' "Missing" People (CMP), says that its "Scientists ...are currently analyzing the remains of 162 individuals", among whom, almost the Half (50%), are  "remains of 74 individuals (that) have been assessed as Complex", Because "they are either InComplete or Fragmented". In Consequence, they "Necessitate more Advanced and Specialised Genetic Analyses", as "in some Cases, the Initial DNA Analysis does Not provide successful Results, and New Analysis is Necessary, that is Time Consuming", so that "the Identification of these Complex Cases may take Several Years" More,  as "Specialised DNA Tests" are "Only Possible When Progress in DNA Technology occurs", (sic !)...


Both experienced CoE and UNO Experts had Warned "Eurofora"'s co-Founder, Already from the Start and in the Middle of such a Controversial Method of Searching, as that which was Imposed via the Also Controversial "CMP", mainly via the UnPopular former UK "New Labour" Prime Minister Tony Bliar since 2006/2007, (where Nothing can be done, not even said, if Turkey Disagrees, and which is Limited Only in the Identification and Fate of "Missing" People, i.e. Dead or Alive, But Excludes Seeking the Truth on What was Done to them, Neither Who was Responsible, and Even Less How to Bring Criminals to Justice, with Sanctions they deserve, as, on the Contrary, ECHR's case-law asks), Risked Also to "Destroy Evidence of Crimes", By Not Using a "Forensic Method" of Careful Research, which Seeks to Find the Historic Truth on the Circonstances in which People "Disappeared", and Not Only their ...Bones ! (F.ex., inter alia, in a Case inside Turkey, ECHR Found that a Dissident had been Murdered by a GunShot Fired at very Close Distance, and Not just Killed during a Fight by Opposite Armed Groups separated by a notable Distance, as Ankara's Security Forces Claimed, ...Simply by Tracing GunPowder chemical residues at his Shirt. But, if that Victim's Shirt had been Mishandled or Washed, etc., then, the Truth on a Deadly Crime would have been Lost for Ever...).

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("Eurofora" Screenshots from a "CMP" Video on "Exhumations")...

cmps_20072020_methods_on_cyprus_missing__buldozer_excavation_2_cmp_video__eurofora_screenshot_400 


That Blair-sponsored 2006/2007+ Controversial Method, in addition to Focusing at the even More Controversial "CMP" with its Limits, (Comp. Supra), was Also Tightly Linked with "Genetic" Technology, Narrowing the Scopus of "Missing" Persons' Search, practicaly Down to ...Collecting Bones of Dead or Killed People, and Merely Identifying the Persons concerned via DNA Tests, (Ibid). On the Contrary, Both a Vatican-backed Priest with Large Experience in Finding even Hidden "Mass Graves" at Many Countries accross Europe and the World, as well as an Expert of the Wester Balkan Conflicts, added to a "HRW" International NGO Top Activist, participating in CoE's Conferences in Strasbourg, etc., have Clearly Confimed to "Eurofora" that "Forensic Methods" are Indispensable, right from the Start of any real Enquiry on "Missing" People, as well as, that They Used a Lot of Various Investigation Tools, Combined All Together, (and Not Only "Gene-Tech" Alone, which, for them, had just a Marginal role), in order to Identify the Victims of any Remains, and Find What had Happened to them, How, and Who was Responsible. Symbolicaly, this Evoked World-Famous and Nobel Prize Winner ...Gabrial Garcia Marquez's landmark Book "100 Years of Solitude", where, inter alia, he Pictures also the Story of a Whole Village with its Population Massively Killed, during a Socio-Economic Conflict, by Armed Gangs send by a Money-Thirsty Foreign Multinational Company, so that Nobody Believes the 1 and Only Surviving EyeWitness of such a Horrible Massacre, soon Hidden by an all-invading Jungle, to the point that the Tragic Historic Truth was Marked (and Potentialy Saved from Oblivion) just by an Unusual bunch of ...Yellow Butterflies who Surprisingly insisted to Fly Around that Hotspot even After it had its Surface entirely Covered by Huge Plants : An obviously "Magic Realism" Artistic Method, But which can Inspire, at least, a Credo that, Despite Everything, in Fact, an Historic Truth Important for the People, can Never be entirely "Burried" by petty Criminals...  

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garcia_marquez__100_years_of_solitude__book_1_eurofora_screenshot_400 

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>>> When, nevertheless, clear Evidence of Serious Crimes has been Discovered, in one way or another, at certain Cases of Greek-Cypriot "Missing" People, did, at least, the Turkish Government fullfil, then, its Duty to Find and Punish the Criminals Responsible for that ?

 

When, nevertheless, clear Evidence of Serious Crimes has been Discovered in certain Cases of Greek-Cypriot "Missing" People, did, at least, the Turkish Government fullfil its Duty to Find and Punish the Criminals Responsible for that ?

ECHR has clearly Condemned Turkey for Not having done so, in general, with a landmark Judgement on the Inter-Governemental case "Cyprus v. Turkey", of May 2001, (Later Followed Also by Other such Judgements, on Individual Cases, after Applications by Victims' Families), and, Since then, More than 19 Years have passed (5/2001-9/2020)...

- According to the Latest CoE's Official Data, made Public this Week (1-3/9/2020), citting, f.ex., Turkey's Documents of 2019, etc., in 4 Tragic Cases, where CoE's Highest Political Body, its Committee of Ministers, had explicitly Asked the Turkish Authorities to Investigate, Ankara merely Replied, Later-on, that "in the light of the Results (sic !) of the (so-called) Investigation..., ....the available Evidence was Not Sufficient (re-sic !!) to initiate a Prosecution", and it went on to ..."Close" that File !!!

=> Such obviously Scandalous Facts, among Many Others, showing Turkey's Blatant DisRegard of its elementary Obligation to Find and Punish those Responsible for Serious Crimes, particularly After ECHR Condemned Ankara in Cases of Greek-Cypriot "Missing" People, as on 2001, 2010, etc., and Following, Moreover, various, more Recent, concrete Findings in several Tragic Cases of "Missing" People in Cyprus, are due to be Examined, by CoE's Committee of Ministers at the Beginning of December 2020, (i.e. under Hungary's rotating Vice-Chairmanship for Human Rights issues, while Germany will hold the Main Political Chairmanship) in Strasbourg.

- Meanwhile, CoE's Committtee of Ministers has Repeatedly "Called on the Turkish Authorities to Ensure the Effectiveness of the ... Investigations", as well as "their Rapid Finalisation", as it reiterated at the End of 2019, ("including", inter alia, also by Access to "Information in Military Archives", etc).

+ Instead of "Rapidly" Finding and Punishing those Responsible for Serious Crimes on "Missing" People, Discovered Recently by a UN-sponsored Program of Exhumations throughout the Island, on the Contrary, Even those Exhumations, which had Helped Reveal several Crimes, have,  progressively, Diminished in Number, giving Less and Less Results during the Recent Years : F.ex., from "106 Individuals Exhumed on 2016", their Number Fell Down to Only "41 on 2017", and Even Lower on 2018 and 2019 (13 and 26).  However, More than 1.510 Cases of "Missing" Greek-Cypriots still aWait, Nowadays, to make Any Finding on their Fate...

------------

But, independently of that, Did, at least, Turkey pay all or part of the "just satisfaction" awarded by ECHR, since 2014,  to the Victims' Families ?

-- The Answer, here too, is Negative :  NO ! NOTHING ! As Turkey, apparently, doesN't Give a Damn for Finding and Punishing those Responsible for Serious Crimes in Many Cases of Greek-Cypriot "Missing" People, (Comp. Supra), it Also did Not Pay not even a Penny as part of Indemnisation for those Victims' Families, be it Widows or Orphelins, Old People or Children, etc...

- Indeed, Despite various Numerous, Repeated, Explicit "Calls" upon Ankara by CoE's Highest Body, that of its Committee of Ministers, "Since 2015", to Abide by ECHR's Judgements Condemning Turkey on the cases of "Missing" People in Cyprus, at least by paying a financial Compensation to the Victims' Families, nevertheless, the Turkish Authorities have peristently Refused to do so, blatantly Ignoring All such CoE's Decisions during more than 6 consecutive Years now (2014-2020), and this has just happened again this week (1-3/9/2020) anew !

=> - "To date, No information has been submitted (by Turkey)on the payment of the just satisfaction awarded in this case, despite the fact that in each of its decisions since June 2015 the Committee (of Ministers) has recalled that the obligation to pay the just satisfaction awarded by the Court is unconditional, and called upon the Turkish authorities to pay the sums awarded by the Court without further delay", soberly attests a relevant CoE's Note.

>>> So, once "Again", the PanEuropean Organisation for Human Rights' Highest Political Body, its Committee of Ministers, officially "Recalled", this week in Strasboug, "that the just satisfaction Judgment of the Court in this case concerned non-pecuniary damage Suffered by the Relatives of Missing persons" in Cyprus, and clearly "Insisted ... Firmly on the UnConditional Obligation of Turkey to Pay the Just Satisfaction Awarded by the European Court in the Judgment Cyprus v. Turkey of 12 May 2014, withOut Further Delay".

- For that purpose, CoE "Decided" to "Resume Consideration of this Issue" at its Forthcoming "Meeting" on ECHR Judgements' Execution, of "1-3 December 2020", i.e. in 2,5 Months' Time, When its Committee of Ministers is due, Also, to Examine the Substantial Aspects of Cyprus' "Missing" People ECHR case-law, related to Turkey's Obligation to Find and Punish all those Responsible for such Enforced Disappearances and the Crimes committed in these Horrible affairs, (Comp. Supra). A Move which, Obviously, Facilitates an Overall View on Ankara's Blatant Disregard vis a vis ECHR's Judgements on particularly Serious Human Rights Violations, and, Hopefully, at last, some Long OverDue Sanctions... *

Otherwise, the Credibility of the PanEuropean Organisation for Human Rights and Rule of Law, will Obviously be gravely Compromised, (See, inter alia, f.ex.: ..., etc), in front of its 47 Member States and All the World, - considering, particularly, the Wide-Spread Problems about "Missing" People, even Recently, f.ex. in Mexico, etc., and While "Enforced Disappearances are Still happening at This Moment on Our (European) Continent”, as Warned a few Days Ago, CoE's Commissioner Mijatović, precisely on the "International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances", (Comp. Supra).

+ Exceptionaly, this Week's CoE's Top Collective Meeting in Strasbourg on such and other Important ECHR Judgments' Execution (1-3/9/2020) took place While the New President of the PanEuropean Court of Human Rights, Judge Robert Spano, was making a 4 Days-Long Official Visit to ...Turkey, including several Top Political and Legal Encounters with the Current Leadership of that Notoriously Problematic Country, reportedly in order to Help Boost the cause for Human Rights. It closely Followed the Tragic Death of Woman Lawyer Emru Timtik after 238 Days of Huger Strike in Prison, asking for a New, Fair Trial, to overun her previous Condemnation under doubtful Accusations for so-called "Terrorism" Links, sending ShockWaves throughout CoE and EU Human Rights Top Officials, etc., while Also a 2nd Lawyer facing Similar Problems, was Following her Long and Tragic Hunger Strike path. But, Even when Human Rights' Activist and Businesman Osman Kavala repeatedly Won several Turkish Court's Judgements against Turkish Government's Accusations for alleged Complicity to the so-called 6-Hours Long "Coup" Attempt of 2016, Keeping him in Prison, then, Ankara's Authorities, again and again, Added More Accusations Prolonging his Detention, and Also Refused, until now, to Implement an ECHR Judgement favorable to his Liberation, so that CoE's Committee of Ministers was Obliged, this week, to Ask Turkey to let him Free...

=> Was this Spano's visit to Turkey, (Criticized by some Turkish and International Human Rights' Activists, mainly for alleged Lack of any meeting with Dissidents), made in Vain ?

+ And Will EU Authorities Persist to still Pay to Turkey several Billions € each Year, in Full Grants, from EU TaxPayers' Money, (including Even from Poor EU Citizens, who are the Only ones to be, in real practice, Taxed by VAT on All their Meager "Income"), since Ankara's blatant Blackmail of 2015/2016+, with that Sudden Big "Tsunami" of Mass Asylum Seekers and/or Irregular Migrants (Together with several Deadly Islamist Terrorists afterwards cowardly Targetting innocent Civilian People, in Paris' Bloody Attentats and others), Tresspassing inside Europe from Turkey's Sea-Coasts facing EU Member Greece, (Under Pretext to Fund the "Cost" mainly of some Horrible "Camps" where Turkish Authorities had Closed Refugees from Syria, hardly Hit by ISIL's and Other Islamist Deadly Terrorists Notoriously Backed by Ankara, While the Turkish Private Sector was, at the Same Time, Scandalously Over-Exploiting those Defenseless Refugees, Obliged to very Harsh "Jobs" often in Sub-Human Conditions, as, f.ex., among others, it was Revealed to the Brittish Press by the unfortunate Father of that Small Syrian-Kurdish Child, whose Corpse's Photo became World-Famous when it was Drown and Killed at the Aegean Sea, after a Turkish Smuggler opened a Hole into the makeshift, Plastic "Boat" which Transported Poor Refugees towards Greece, Rapidly Escaping Himself Away with a Fast-Moving Motor-Boat, as Most such Smugglers used to do, Killing Also that Child's Mother and Sister, who didN't know how to swim) ?...

Hard Facts which Obviously Show that in this kind of Turkey, When the Tragedy is Not about "Missing People", it's Always about "Missing Justice" !

But What has all this to do with Our Europe ?

 

(../..)

 

("Draft-News")

 

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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