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Home arrow newsitems arrow ECHR President +German Ambassador to CoE +2 GDR Rescapees to EF on Berlin Wall Fall and Human Rights

ECHR President +German Ambassador to CoE +2 GDR Rescapees to EF on Berlin Wall Fall and Human Rights

Written by ACM
Saturday, 09 November 2019

*Strasbourg/ECHR+European area/Angelo Marcopolo/- Speaking to "Eurofora", ECHR President, Linos-Alexander Sicilianos, from Greece, stressed that "European ReUnification, Triggered by Berlin Wall's Fall on 1989, Boosted Historic Developments on Strasbourg's Court" itself, vis a vis CoE's Member States and Citizens' protection

Indeed, inter alia, it's during the Following Years that even the New, big and original Building of ECHR was Built and Inaugurated on 1992 in Strasbourg, by former French President Francois Mitterand and f. COE's Secretary General, Professor Catherine Lalumiere, while an Important Reform of ECHR's Statute considerably Strengthened Euro-Judges' Role and stream-lined its Decision-Making Procedures, entering into force on 1998, i.e. After the CoE Became Pan-European, with 47 instead of only 21 Member States, including Russia since 1996, Helping Prepare also EU's Historic Enlargments of 2004 and 2007. It's during that Same Period of Time that CoE held 3 Heads of State/Governments in a row, on 1993 in Vienna, 1997 in Strasbourg, and 2005 in Warsaw : A Unique Era, withOut any Equivalent yet, Neither Before, Nor After that, during CoE's 70 Years of History (1949 - 2019).

It's then that it was Decided to Enlarge CoE's Membership to Central-Eastern European Countries, but also Strengthen ECHR, create a PanEuropean Commissioner for Human Rights, and Focus CoE's overall Role on Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law. In this Context, was, for the 1st Time, Published an Official ECHR Report on massive Human Rights Violations by Turkey in Cyprus on 1992, followed also by the 1st ECHR's Public Hearing on the Inter-State case "Cyprus v. Turkey" on 1993, which resulted in a landmark ECHR Judgement of 2001, preceded by another Famous ECHR Judgement since 1994 on an Individual Refugee Woman's application against Turkey's peristing Refusal of any Access to her Family Home in the Occupied Territories of the Island controlled by Ankara's Foreign Army, (a Case-Law which became Popular even at UNO's Global Level). But also the First Publication of ECHR's Reports on Torture - InHuman/Degrading Treatments by Turkey's Authorities against a Young Dissident who Lost the use of his Right Hand by Torture in Turkish Prisons, and was, Later, Murdered by Gunshots when he Refused to Withdraw his Application to Strasbourg's Court, as well as against a Kurdish Family Brutaly Expulsed from its Family Home, after their Fields and Livelihood were also Destroyed by Turkish Authorities' Forces, which Obliged them to Walk on the Streets for Hundreds of Kms, until they arrived at Poor Shanty-Towns in the Periphery of Smyrne/Izmir, Condemned to Suffer from Extreme Poverty, (Famous Cases of "Aksoy" and "Akdivar", respectively) on 1995. I.e. the Same Year that, in an Exceptional Press Conference in Strasbourg, COE's Leadership on Human Rights issues, Strongly Denounced the Exceptional Problem raised, already since then, by Turkey's Numerous and Extremely Grave Violations of Human Rights, Condemned by ECHR's Judgements, But Not Yet Applied by Ankara's Authorities. However, from a Political Viewpoint, the CoE's President-in-office then Finland's Ambassador, in an Exclusive INTW with "Eurofora"s co-Founder (Publishing then at "TCWeekly" Newspaper), had the Honesty to Warn us, since 1995/1996, that nobody should have excessive Illusions about such ECHR Judgements, Because, in Fact, the Principal Aim was mainly to Convince the Former Central-Eastern European Countries to Establish Legal Institutions allowing for Trade and Investments in Cooperation with the West for a Pan-European Economy. Nevetheless, in Addition to the Creation of "Trilateral" Summits between France, Germany and Russia, since CoE's 1997 PanEuropean Summit in Strasbourg, with Chirac, Kohl and Yeltsin, a Wider Human Rights "Spirit" ("Geist") Spread, then, Even to New Technologies' Modern Issues, such as the Access of all Citizens to Modern TeleCommunications Networks at the Internet, included, for the 1st Time, in a landmark Resolution adopted by CoE's Committee of Ministers in their 1998 Summit at Thessalloniki, during the rotating Presidency of the CoE by Greece, (See "Eurofora" co-Founder's relevant Publications, then, to "MPAgency", later Fusioned with the Biggest Greek Press Agency ANA-MPA, until Nowadays), as well as the Adoption and Signature by most CoE Member Countries of a landmark Convention on "Bio-Ethics", (known as "Oviedo Treaty"), Open Also to Other, Non-European Countries across the World, which Focuses, for the 1st Time in History, on "Human Rights and Bio-Medicine", including the New Area of "Genetic" Technologies, to which was Added, at the Last Minute, (on the Rush provoked by the Controversial "Dolly the Sheep" Cloning Disaster), also a Popular, Special "Protocol" for a Global Ban on Any Attempts to "Clone Humans", strongly Supported, then, particularly by the German and Greek rotating Presidencies of the CoE, on 1997-1998.

- However, when "Eurofora" asked, Today, ECHR's President Sicilianos, How he Felt about the Human Rights' Prospects in the COE, Despite the Current Lack of a so Important and Exceptional "Driving Force", as it was, 30 Years Earlier, the Berlin Wall's Fall, and the subsequent Re-Unification of Europe, his personal reaction Surprised :

- "I am Optimist !", the New ECHR's President, immediately and Clearly Replied to "Eurofora"s above mentioned Question, with a Bright Smile, (Despite an ambiant Pessimism by various others inside CoE who are Speaking, on the Contrary, about a current "Crisis"), while Walking in front of 2 or 3 Authentic Pieces from Berlin's Wall, Symbolically placed at ECHR's Garden, (Even if he didn't yet find enough Time to clearly Explain for which Concrete Reasons in particular)...


Was it, perhaps, just Because of an obvious overall Positive Ambiance, Today, at a Special CoE Ceremony for the 30th Anniversary since Berlin Wall's Fall (1989 - 2019), inside ECHR's protected Garden, where Authentic Pieces from that "Wall" were at the EpiCenter, Together with the European Anthem, and an Active Presence particularly of the Franco-German EU/CoE core's couple :  the Permanent Representatives/Ambassadors Jean-Baptiste Mattei (Current CoE's rotating President), and Rolf Mafael, (forthcoming CoE's President), respectively, who Both spoke to "Eurofora", on this occasion, added to an earlier special "Statement" of CoE's New Secretary General, Marija Buric ?


- "All Europeans have a Reason to Celebrate the Fall of the Berlin Wall", Because of Joint "Efforts in the East and West, to Unite our Continent", "through (a) Peaceful Revolution" where "People won Freedom and Democracy", and, "30 Years Later, Europe is Stronger", Both "Economically and Politically", compared to the Past, Buric stressed Today, (before participating to the Traditional Reception, Later this Evening at Strasbourg's PMC, which Attracted Many People).


- However, she also Warned that "Peace and Prosperity canNot be take for Granted". On the Contrary, further "Efforts to forge European Unity are as Important as ever", as well as "to SafeGuard Human Rights, Democracy and the Rule of Law", particularly via "the Institutions created" for that purpose, as the CoE, that she obviously invited to Stimulate.



- Accepting to pose, with a Smile, for a Photograph by "Eurofora" in Front of ECHR's Monument from the Berlin Wall, the current President-in-office of the CoE, French Permanent Representative, Ambassador Jean-Baptiste Mattei, (who had just Heard his Collegue from Germany, Ambassador Mafael, metion more than 2 Times "France" in an Official Speech), briefly but substantially Stressed that:  - "We really Had to be Present Here Today !", pointing at this Highly Symbolic Day and Location (the European Court of Human Rights), before Saluting us kindly...



+ More Locacious on this occasion, the Future COE's Rotating President, German Ambassador Rolf Mafael, speaking later to "Eurofora", stressed, in particular, that - "This is a Moment of Happiness, Both for Germany, and for All Europe".

- "It was Only Possible with a Peaceful Revolution", particularly "Made by the People of (former) Eastern Germany" themselves, he observed, just Before 3 Authentic EyeWitnesses having Lived those Historic Moments there, give their Testimonies at a Following Event, organized Later Today, at the European area of Strasbourg, (See Infra).

- "So, the (Berlin) Wall was Torn Down by the People of the East (Germany), but this (Overall/Wider Change) could not be Possible without the Democratic Developments also in Poland, in Czechoslovak Republic, in Hungary, and in the Baltic Countries", etc, he added.

 - And, particularly, "the Confidence of our Western Partners" : especially "NATO Countries",  (i.e. ;Other EU Member States, such as France, the UK, Italy, etc, as well as USA, a.o.), "Church and Business, etc", Ambassador Mafael underlined.

+ "And, in the End, of course, all this could not have been possible without (Russian President) Mikhael Gorbatcev, and his Policy of "Glasnost"", he added, speaking to "Eurofora" at the PanEuropean Organisation of the CoE in Strasbourg, with 47 Member States, including Russia, since 1996.

=> In Consequence, concerning Berlin, "All this, for us Means another Long Period, in order to Make it Clear to the World, that the United Germany will be as Peaceful and Friendly, as the Separated Germany (FRG) has been".

+ "And", Moreover, "we are Willing to Contribute to the Peaceful Development of Democracy, Human Rights, and Rule of Law", (i.e. PanEuropean CoE's currently Core Mission : Comp. Supra), the German Ambassador ensured.

++ Nowadays, in Addition, "for us (Germany), this Also means a particular Responsibility, especially vis a vis (all) the Europeans" as a whole, "to Build a United Europe", he topicaly stressed, (given, particularly, the recent Challenges that EU has notoriously to Face, Both in Politics and Economy, etc), Ambassador Mafael underlined, on what is, probably, the most importat point;

- "We Hope that we (Germany) Shall Live up to this Responsibility, especially Next Year (2020), when we shall have, First, the Responsibility of the EU", (from July 2020), "and Later-on, of the Committee of Ministers of the CoE", (from November 2020),  he Highlighted, concerning an obviously Exceptionally Important Role for the foreseable Future. - "That's my Message", the German Ambassador to the CoE concluded, Saluting "Eurofora" with a smile.


+ Human Emotions, Curiosity, often Sympathy and/or Astonishment, were Mixed during an Interesting, Next Round, Later this Afternoon, co-organized with the reknown "Goethe Institute", at nearby "European area", particularly with 2 Rescapees from the Former "GDR" at Eastern Germany, who had Both managed to Escape from Prison and/or Other Restrictions, in order to come to Work in the West, Before the Berlin Wall's fall :

- To a Question raised by "Eurofora", however, about whether, in Addition to their Personal Liberty's immediat Needs, they had also thought, then, also, about the Effect, that the Fall of Berlin's Wall could have, by facilitating the reUnification of Germany, and, therefore, Strengthening Europe, their Replies Diverged :

-- Karsten Dummel, a jailed Political Dissident who Left Eastern Germany just 1 Year Before the Fall of Berlin's Wall, Back on 1988, in order to Join his Brother, (who had already been Jailed and obliged to Leave Earlier, since 1984), at nearby Tubingen's University, where, nowadays, he teaches Rhetorics, after a Short Stay in USA's Michigan, clearly acknowledged Today that, "No", "I did Not really Thought about a Stronger Europe, then", all of his attenion being naturally Focused on, First of all, Ensuring "Freedom".

- But, it's a somewhat Different Story for Dr Karin Sorger, a Medical Specialist for Kidneys from Leipsig,  who had been included at a Ransom-paying schema by Western Germany in order to Free Detainees at the East, (which called that : Reimbursement of Expenses made for their Education), already since 1977, before arriving to Work at Mainz University, and afterwards, at nearby Baden-Wurtemberg Region, between Ulm and Stuttgard, appointed in charge of a Huge Hospital's department for Biopsis : A Big, Collective Resposibikity, since Kidneys can be affected by Various and Many Factors, going from up to the Head, until Down to the Feet of Human Body, as she told "Eurofora". At First, she, too, had Focused on Freedom-related matters, after having suffered a lot, mainly by Bad Conditions of Everyday Life and Work, Undermining her Marriage, f.ex. with InCompatible Time-tables, too Long Hours for Transports etc., even Deprivation of an independent Flat where her Family could live in Peace, withOut Everyday Promiscuity with Alien 3rd Persons at one of its Rooms, (reportedly Reserved "Only for Workers or Peasants", as Local Authorities claimed, to which she had Replied that : -"If you doN't Need us, then Tell us to Go Away !"), etc. Neverheless, Afterwards, when she had to flee to the West, she Started to "Realize the Importance that a ReUnification of Germany could have also for a Stronger Europe in the World", (these two issues being interlinked).

- In Fact, Things "evolved very Rapidly" then, and "Events were Precipitated", added the Experienced French Diplomat, Jean-Luis Lepretre, specialized in Cultural Affairs, (by the way: The "Door" through which almost All Central-Eastern European Countries Started to Enter into touch with the CoE, then, Before they Become full Members), who worked at Eastern Berlin for Many Years, Both Before and After the Fall of the Wall, between 1983-1988 and 1994-1998, as well as in Various Other Central-Eastern Countries, (f.ex.  Tchechoslovakia, ex-Yugoslavia, Latvia, etc), while Also Continuing to Work on Germany, particularly its Eastern part, and Culture, even when he returned to the Foreign Ministry's Headquarters in Paris.

- However, to a subsequent Question whether they Expected, or, on the Contrary, were Surprized by the Berlin Wall's Fall, almost All 3 Witnesses chose the Second Reply :

- F.ex., Dr Karin Sorger, simply said that, when she saw at the TV all those People Freely Walking through the Wall, for the 1st Time in History, she was Emotionaly Moved, and Cried...

- Even Jean-Luis Lepretre, despite being such a professional/Diplomatic "Connaisseur" of Eastern Germany, (Comp. Supra), and even after having attended, the Historic Popular Demonstration of Leipsig, (which was Surprisingly Calm, "as a Family Stroll", he described), practicaly at the Eve of Berlin Wall's Fall, nevertheless, he ...Missed the Exceptional, UnExpected Event, for ...only 2 Days, as he had, meanwhile, to return back to France, for routine matters, he regretted...



+ They were joined by the New Director of Strasbourg's "European Spot", here, Sophie Coumel : When the News had arrived even at a "Red" Suburb of Paris, stronghold of the French "Communist Party", her School Professor, an otherwise Good Professional, but also Editor at the Party's mouthpiece "Huma", Soberly Advised his Students to be "Careful" : Something Fishy might be going on, he reportedly suspected !


- More Mysterious, Karsten Dummel, apparently Revealed an Astonishing Paradox :

- "Already as Early as Since 1983, I had been Warned, by a German Ambassador in China, that something of that kind should happen "Before the End of this Decade", he Curiously Revealed.


- But, Even after that Historic, Giant Popular Demonstration in Leipsig on 1989, I did Not Believe that Any such Big Change might really occur in Eastern Germany, because, on the Contrary, I Expected something Similar with what had Happened Earlier in China, during the Tiananmen Square Events at Beijing, i.e., that the Regime would soon Take Over and use Power to maintain its order, he reminded.

=> So, I was really Surprized, when I saw that the Berlin Wall, Suddenly started to Fall Peacefully, withOut Any Intervention by Force, at least from the "Old Guard" of Eastern Germany's Regime, Opposite to what I Expected, the former Political Dissident pointed out...



- But, Despite the Fall of Berlin Wall, European ReUnification will still remain inComplete, withOut the "Western Balkans", Diplomat Lepretre Regretted, as far as "Eurofora"s Question was concerned.

- Speaking shortly after France and 3 or 4 other EU Member States notoriously Opposed an Attempt to Start EU Accession Negotiations with Albania, (partly still contested), and even with North Macedonia, (recently become Easier, after a controversial but operational Deal with Greece), particularly until the EU Reforms its Decision-Making process, to make it more Efficient, the veteran French Diplomat pointed, in fact, also at "the Problem of Kosovo", that some had recognized, but Nobody still accepts to do so inside Serbia, not even among the most pro-European Politicians, as he observed.

+ There is Also a Complicated Problem in Bosnia-Herzegovina, added the German Universitarian, Karsten Dümmel, (Comp. Supra) : It's mainly about some "Ethnic Groups", he pointed out. So that, if things remain as they are now, "all Young People may Leave Bosnia-Herzegovina for abroad, Leaving behind them Only a Country of Old Pensioners !", he Warned. But he also Acknowledged, Replying to Critical Reactions from People at the Audience, that, as a matter of General Principle, we shouldn't yet eye any such eventual EU Accession Negotiation, but Only "When the Conditions might be met" there.

Western Balkans are, indeed, also a Strategically Important "Corridor" between an Industrial Franco-German "Mittel-Europa" and straight towards the Energy Sources of Middle East : This Important Fact had become Visible, particularly during the 2nd World War, when Hitler, Seeking to Find Access to Oil/Gas, at First, tried to Pass Through the Western Balkans, until the Greek Island of Creta, facing Egypt etc., where he was Delayed by an UnExpected "No" even by a Rightist (but for National Independence) Greek Government then, so that Brittish and other Allied Forces found the Time to Block Access to Egypt from the Sea. Then, Hitler had to Launch the famous Rommel's Fast-Track Operation with Tanks, from Italy and through Northern Africa's Coasts, again Towards Lybia, Egypt, etc., which Won at First, but was, Finaly Stopped by Montgomery a.o. at the End. Lastly, Hitler attacked, shortly Afterwards, ...Russia, initialy giving the False Impression that he might Repeat Napoleon's Historic Error to go after Moscow, at the North, But, in fact, he Suddenly Changed Direction, and Started to Head Towards the South, through the Caucasus, i.e. Seeking to Reach Iraq's Oil/Gas Energy sources: Something that the Russians understood quite enough in order to Hastily but Efficiently set up a Stuborn Resistance at Volgograd/Stalingrad, and Win there. In Consequence, when the NAZI launched their Last Important Attack against the Allies advancing after USA a.o. Forces' arrival through Normandy, i.e. the Famous "Ardennes' (Forest) Counter-Offensive" of December 1944, by a lot of German Tanks, even if, at First, they had Started to Gain space against even the Americans, who had to Retreat, Nevertheless, a moment came, in which, Suddenly, all German Tanks ...Stopped, by Lack of Energy Supplies, and their Soldiers Abandoned them Empty, and Disappeared in a Fatal Retreat, (as a Spectacular USA Film from Hollywood has pictured)... In other words, If Hitler had Not been so much Hindered/Delayed at his 1st Attempt, Straight through the "Western Balkans Route", (Comp. Supra), then, he Might even have Won the War (or, at least, Blocked it in a "Pat") !..


>>> Thus, Shortly After the Fall of Berlin's Wall, at the Beginning of the 1990ies, "Eurofora" 's co-Founder Remembers well, f.ex., an Exceptional Meeting inside the CoE in Strasbourg, where Experienced German and other Senior Officers, were Showing Europe's MAPs Pointing, precisely, at that "Western Balkans' Route", and boasting about various Big Infrastructural Projects made possible Throughout it all...

+ And, precisely, Until Then, the Ex-"Yugoslavia" notoriously was the Nearest and Most Open to the West former "Socialist" Country in Europe, Both Geographically and ideologically/Politically, with Many of its Citizens Already Free to Travel in Western Europe Countries, withOut notable Hindrance, (a Fact which was an Exception throughout all Europe, up to that moment).

=> So, Normaly, ex-"Yugoslavia" appeared, then, to be the 1st former "Socialist" Country to Peacefully Integrate inside a ReUnified Europe, much More Easily and usefully than Others !

On the Contrary, Compared to that, f.ex., the former "Eastern Germany" Notoriously appeared, until then, to be (at least Ideologically) the Most "Hard Nut to Crack" of all, (Even More than the ex-USSR itself !)...

But, this was withOut Counting, inter alia, also, f.ex., with some Globalist "Socialist"/Liberal USA Presidents, then, as Bill Clinton, (i.e., a priori, More enclin than others to Impose a strictly Hierarchical, Bureaucratic International Division among Countries), during the 1990ies, and Barack Hussein Obama, on 2014, who, notoriously, played a Bad Role into Provoking Bloody Conflicts and Leaving Europe with 2 Big "WOUNDS, still Partly Open Bleeding", at its Former-YUGOSLAVIA area of the Western Balkans, Later Followed also by UKRAINE, in the North-East Borders with Russia, (Contrary to the Initial Vocation of Both these 2, until then Peaceful European Countries to become "Friendly Bridges" between Western and Eastern Europe in the foreseable Future)...


Concerning at least most among those "Ethnic a.o. Groups"' Problems, particularly in Bosnia, but even elsewhere, still nowadays, inside the Western Balkans, about which had spoken Today Karsten Dummel, (Comp. Supra), it's Also, among others, a Young man from Serbia, living in Strasbourg, who had also Denounced what he felt as a kind of Provocative Pressure, Risk, and/or Massive Spread of a more or less Extreme "Islamisation" throughout Some among those ex-Yugoslavia Areas, surprising "Eurofora" during a recent meeting. And, at any case, it's Impossible to Forget the crystal-clear Fact, that, even in that Notorious "CIA Video", Published just After 9/11 Terrorist Mass Murder of Civilian People, supposed to show Osama Bin Laden's Responsibility, in fact, OBL reacts to Gross Provocations by an Elder Islamist Extremist related to Bosnia.

Recently, North Macedonia was Criticized in CoE's Assembly for being reportedly reluctant to speak about so-called "Bosniac" and/or "Kosovar Minorities" inside the Country, where Publications of regularly updated MAPs showing the Demography of Ethnic/Religious Groups inhabiting each City or Village in that Country, have been Suspended, after showing Many White/Blanc spaces in the Latest Editions, (mostly suspected to correspond to various Muslim Albanian, Bosnian, Kosovar or Turkish origin). The area includes a lot of Forcibly Islamized Populations, already since it was invaded and occupied by the former Ottoman Turk Medieval Empire, (after Long and Fierce Armed Resistance, led by Historic Christian Albanian and Hungarian-Serb Leaders, as Skanderbeg and Hunyadi, etc), and it has Not yet Applied any Automatic Massive Cancelation of Forced "Conversions" to Islam (unless some might Individually Ask to maintain that), as it had been Ordered, f.ex., by the landmark International Treaty of Sevres since 1920 already. Moreover, various converging informations have circulated, Recently, among European Circles in Brussels and/or Strasbourg, about alleged Massive Distributions of Money often Paid by Foreign Countries and/or Networks to Poor Women in Bosnia or elsewhere in the Balkans, in order to convince them to systematically bear an Islamic Scarf, particularly in Public Areas.

Such Facts remind EPP President, Experienced Long-Time former MEP of Strasbourg, Joseph Daul's recent critical observation that "there are much Less Scarfed Women in ...Istanbul, than in some of our (EU's) Suburbs !", but also World Famous Arab and Non-Aligned Movement's Leader, Nasser of Egypt, who had Denounced the Fact that a Chief of Islamist Extremist "Muslim Brotherhood" Grouping (later OutLawed, as prone to Terrorism), had already asked him, back on 1953, to push All Women Walking in a Public Area to Bear an Islamic Scarf, as the ...Number 1 Demand for an eventual political deal : Something that Nasser naturally Rejected, as he described in a Landmark Video-taped Speech, which has regained Actuality Nowadays, after a relevant Controversy on Recent Statements by French President Macron, on a similar issue...





However, Despite such Problems in a Periphery, at least, in Core EU Areas, it seems that, Silently but Progressively, a Franco-German and/or other EU Integration among European Culture EU Citizens is Advancing with Concrete Steps, Naturally Facilitated by the European ReUnification trend, 30 Years After the Berlin Wall's Fall :

- F.ex., inter alia, Dr Karin Sorger, Despite her Origine as a "Hoch-Deutsch" (German of the North) from Leipsig, told "Eurofora", that, after having seeked and found adequate Working Conditions at nearby Southern German Cities, Near the French Borders, First at Mainz (Mayence), and Afterwards at the Baden-Wurtemberg Region, neighbouring Strasbourg, she became also Member of a Franco-German Friendship Association, and Started even to Learn the French Language, (in addition to her English)... As for Karsten Dummel, another "Hoch-Deutsch", his arrival to Nearby Tubingen University, also at Germany's South, was Even accompagnied by ...his Marriage with a French Lady, who has Helped to Make him Learn Nowadays to Hear and Speak also the French Language Fluently ! And even the New Director of Strasbourg's "European Spot", here, Sophie Coumel, a former Teacher of German Language and Litterature, from Paris' Sorbonne University, had also married with a German Gentleman, as she told "Eurofora"... 

Meanwhile, Both those two Rescapees from the Former "East Germany" regime, have Written and Published an Interesting and sympathetic Autobiographic Book for each, which would certainly gain if it was also Published at the Internet, sold as an "E-Book", Facilitating Both Material Access at any moment, and Digital Translations in Many European a.o. Languages. But, at least, as far as it concerns its FrontPage Heading Title, that of Karin Sorger, certainly can make People Dream :

- "The Secret of Happiness is Freedom !", it declares from the outset. "And the Secret of Freedom, is to be Audacious" ("to Dare"), it Concludes...


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     La Turquie, test-clé d'Independance de l'Europe face aux USA, les aménant de chercher en commun des nouvelles idées pour se mettre d'accord ?  

 Le débat, amical mais clair, entre les Présidents Américain et Français, Obama et Sarkozy,  la veille des elections européennes du 7 juin 2009, a montré que la question controversée sur la démande de la Turquie d'entrer dans l'Europe est actuellement le point central et le test le plus pertinent de l' indépendance de la France et de l'Europe par rapport aux Etats Unis.   

 Les electeurs européens, aussi bien en France qu'ailleurs en l'UE, auront une seule chance à trancher, ce dimanche 7 juin 2009, en choisisant leurs eurodéputés pour la période 2009 - 2014, car après ca risque d'être trop tard, vu que tous ceux qui suivent les affaires européennes dépuis des décennies savent qu'en réalité, le moment des décisions sur la Turquie viendra au plus tard en 2013, date rétenue dépuis longtemps pour une importante révision des "Perspectives Financières" de l'UE qui reflètent des choix Politiques fondamentaux.

    Le Président français, (récement encore représentant de l'UE, dans laquelle il joue un rôle important, ensemble avec la chancelière allemande Merkel, et autres leaders européens, ayant une influence notable auprès des Citoyens Européens, comme les derniers sondages montrent), réagissant à la repétition, par le nouveau Président Américain de la vieille position traditionelle de l'Washington poushant toujours vers la démande de la Turquie d'entrer dans l'Europe :

     - "Je ne peut pas laisser détruire l'Europe, (qui) est un élément de stabilisation du Monde", réponda Sarkozy. "J'ai dit au Président Obama que pour moi il était très important que l’Europe ait des Frontières", a-t-il souligné, confirmant la position Franco-Allemande commune, récemment rappellée ensemble avec la Chancellière Merkel.

    - "Il y a une différence (entre France/EU et les USA)...  sur les modalités. La position traditionnelle des Etats-Unis d’Amérique, c’est l’intégration" de la Turquie au sein de l'UE. "C’était la position du Président Bush, du Président Clinton, de tous les présidents américains".     

- "La mienne vous la connaissez : Ce n’est pas l’intégration dans l’Union Européenne. Mais j’ai proposé que nous réfléchissions, l’Europe, la Russie, la Turquie à la création d’un Espace Economique et de Sécurité en commun", a ajout Sarkozy rappelant son invitation de créer quelque chose de neuf et mieux adapté.

    Mais, "cela ne veut pas dire qu’il faut repousser la Turquie dans les ténèbres. La Turquie est un allié dans l’OTAN, (et) une Passerelle entre 2 Mondes, voilà quelle est la meilleure modalité. C’est cela dont nous avons parlé", revela-t-il. Si "nous avons une Différence sur les Modalités, nous n’avons pas une différence sur l’Objectif : Faire de la Turquie un élément de Pont entre l’Orient et l’Occident", Sarkozy assura Obama.

    - "Laissez-nous au moins une légère divergence sur un sujet, cela vous permettra de bien réfléchir pour les prochaines échéances", ajouta Sarkozy en réponse à un journaliste de l'opposition Socialiste qui avait soulevé la question de la Turquie, en la melant (comme un lobby turc notoirement essaie de faire pour exploiter la manipulation de quelques Arabes, la Civilisation Historique desquels fût pourtant detruite par l'ex-empire Ottoman-Turc) avec une question tout à fait différente : celle de la voile islamique (!), avec laquelle elle n'a rien à voir.

    - "Sur la Turquie, Monsieur, vous appartenez à un journal ...qui a appelé à voter, au moment de la présidentielle, pour mon adversaire.... Quel était votre argument à ce moment-là ? Vous disiez : « Attention, Nicolas Sarkozy va trop s’aligner sur les Etats-Unis d’Amérique », et je vois que deux ans après vous dites : « Ah, il y a un sujet sur lequel le Président Obama et le Président Sarkozy ne sont pas d’accord » Cela devrait vous rassurer, Monsieur" , réponda-t-il, en faisant sourire même le président américain, (et laissant entendre que trancher définitivemen la controverse sur la Turquie pourrait être au coeur de l' Elections Présidentielle  en France pour 2012 )
    - "Ce que les Etats-Unis peuvent faire, c’est encourager ....TOUT PROCESSUS qui permettra à la Turquie d’être convaincue qu’elle a des amis, que ce soit la France, les Etats-Unis ou l’Europe", réponda Obama, apparamment n'excluant pas, a priori, le point de Sarkozy sur la création d'un espace commun d' économie et sécurité entre l' UE, la Turquie et la Russie (v. supra).

    "Les Etats-Unis ne sont pas membres de l’Union Européenne, nous ne pouvons pas dicter si un pays quelconque adhère ou n’adhère pas à l’UE"; Obama a admis, parlant de la "Turquie, (sur laquelle) le Président Sarkozy et moi nous sommes entretenus sur ce dossier avant".  "Maintenant le Président Sarkozy représente un Etat membre de l’Union Européenne et il a une position différente", opposée à démande turque d' entrée dans l'UE.    

 "La Turquie par contre est un allié de l’OTAN très important. ...La Turquie a fait connaître son intérêt à une intégration croissante avec l’Europe et nous (USA) encourageons cette attitude. J’ai souvent dit que l’adhésion de la Turquie à l’Union européenne serait importante".     

"Mais, (en tout cas) je crois qu’il est important de noter que le Président Sarkozy appuie fortement le travail que la Turquie fait au sein de l’OTAN et je crois qu’il s’intéresse à une intégration économique plus intense avec la Turquie". (Ce qui pourrait se faire, justement, avec un "parténariat privilegié" adéquat et/ou l'idée de créer un espace commun EU - Turquie - Russie  : V. supra).     


Est-ce que l'effort du Président de la France, soutenu par la chancelière Allemande et l'opinion publique de la plupart des Citoyens Européens la-dessus, de trouver un accord entre l' Europe et l' Amérique sur la Turquie, en proposant de sortir des chemins battus et créer du neuf, en etablissant "un Espace Commun d' Economie et Sécurité" (v. supra), suffira de calmer un lobby traditionaliste à quelques bureaucrates de Washington DC, datant dès l'époque de l' ex-"Guerre Froide", beaucoup plus ancien que le nouveau Président vénu de l' oxygen des "grands lacs" près de Quebec du Canada : Chicago, connu comme "la ville du vent" nouveau ?
Le Prémier Ministre Fillon appele à "faire vivre le Rève Européen"


 Seul l'avenir le dira. Mais, entre-temps, l' Europe ne peut plus attendre et perdre encore plus du temps et d'energie vitale sur la démande controversée de la Turquie, qui a notoirement menacé d'arrêter l'édification européenne dépuis 1999-2005 :

    Comme le Premier Ministre François Fillon a clairement dit, un peu plus tôt cette semaine, dans un discours éloquent sur les enjeux de l' Election Européenne de ce juin 2009 (V. résumé envoyé aux adhérents d'"EuroFora"),


    - "S' abstentir, c'est laisser à la Technocratie le pouvoir de dominer" la vie des Citoyens européens, qui devraient prendre l' Europe en branle le corps", et commencer d'agir par toutes les voies politiques démocratiques, prennant conscience que "l' Europe c'est Nous, (i.e. les Citoyens), et "Pas eux !" (i.e. les Technocrates), selon une image symbolique.

    - "Je me souviens de l' Europe obligée de faire Silence, (au Passé), quand "les Grands" décidaient de son sort", rappela Fillon.  "Je me souviens de l'Europe divisée, de l' Europe dominée" par d'autres, '"de l'Europe appauvrie""Je me souviens de Berlin occupé, muré, divisé comme un butin qu'on tire aux dès. Je me souviens du Silence de Varsovie. Je me souviens du Silence de Prague"..   

 - "Nous, les Européens, nous avons bien failli sortir de l' Histoire, et dévenir, pour du bon, les dès d'un jeu joué par d'autres".     

- "C'est pourquoi je ne peux pas concevoir une Europe qui ne serait pas Souveraine, une Europe qui ne serait pas Maitresse d'êlle-même", aujourd'hui et démain, martella-t-il. "Le Monde s'est habitué trop longtemps à une Europe faible, que l'on pouvait traiter avec condescendence".  

 - "Le moment est venu de rélever le défi : Le moment est vénu de montrer que, nous les Européens, avons décidé d'être débout, et d"être nous-mêmes".     

"Dépuis 2 ans (i.e. dès les Elections Présidentielles de 2007), avec Nicolas Sarkozy, nous avons oeuvrer pour relever notre Identité Nationale (de la France), dont nous sommes fiers. Et bien, l'' Identité Européenne mérite tout autant, elle qui prolonge les Génies de nos Nations".


    - "Je crois à la présence d'une Civilisation Européenne", déclara Fillon, largement applaudi par des milliers de personnes ayant entendu une série des Musiques entremelées characteristiques de differents pays européens, et des images lumineuses géantes avec des extraits symboliques de Goethe, de Victor Hugo, de Shakespeare, et d'autres auteurs italiens, espagnols etc celebres à travers l'histoire.

    - "L' Humanisme, la tolerance, la Liberté de la Conscience. La Solidarité. L' Etat de Droit. La confiance placée dans la Science, l' Innovation, le progrès. Toutes ces Valeurs, elles disent clairement où commence et où s'épanuit cette Europe" que nous voulons, observa-t-il.

    En harmonie avec les positions soutenues par le Président du Parlement Européen, eurodéputé allemand, Hans Gert Poettering, et la Chancelière allemande, Angie Merkel, sur la "Dignité Humaine" au coeur des "Valeurs de l' Europe" moderne. Ce qui fait qu'" avec un Elargissement sans fin", même vers la Turquie, c.a.d. "sans Frontières, l' Europe Politique, l' Europe des Valeurs et l' Identité européenne" ne peuvent pas exister, comme a dit aussi le Président francais, Nicolas Sarkozy, recemment à Berlin.

    Fait important : Cette observation de Fillon a été faite le jour-même que le Comité des Ministres du Conseil de l'Europe à Strasbourg concluait une semaine de réunion semestrielle sur les Droits de l'Homme, qui a examiné un grand nombre d'affaires des pires Violations (pex. Tuéries scandaleusement non elucidées, Persecutions et privations arbitraires de Liberté, personnes portées "Disparues", Tortures et "traitements inhumains et degradants", Usurpations illégales des Maisons et Patrimoines privées de Réfugiés, etc., pour lesquelles la Cour Européenne a condamné la Turquie dans plusieurs jugements, dont on attend toujours l' application)...

    - "C'est pourquoi un Elargissement sans fin de l' Europe ne peu pas être un objectif en soi. Parce qu'il ne peut que diluer l' élan européen, et detruire l' Idéntité Européenne"

    -" Voilà pourquoi nous disons, très sereinement, que nous ne sommes pas favorables à l' adhésion de la Turquie dans l'UE", conclua le Premier Ministre de la France; largement applaudi par des gens qui soulevaient le drapeau européen.


       "Ce n'est pas un Slogan de meetings. Ce n'est pas la marque une "Hostilité" au régard de cette grande Nation (i.e. la Turquie), qui doit être étroitement associée à l' UE", pex. par un partenariat priviliegié, ou une autre formule adaptée.

    - "Mais il lui faut des Frontères à l' Europe, il lui faut des Frontières stables, qui lui permettent de renforcer son Unité et son Identité", a-t-il expliqué.

    - "Alors, c'est au nom de cette Europe charnelle, que je m'engage avec vous. Mais, cette Europe-là, ne peut avancer qu' à une seule Condition : celle de l' Europe Politique".

    "Nous avons longtemps douté qu'elle soit possible : Aux années 1970, Henri Kissinger (le notoire ex- Secretaire d'Etat Américain aux affaires etrangères, consideré, à tort ou à raison, comme chef d'orchestre du renversement du Président Allende en Chili, de l' invasion militaire de la Turquie à Chypre, etc), disait, avec une ironie blaissante : - "Ah, l' Europe ? : Quel numero de Télephone ?..." Pendant les 6 mois de la présidence française de l'UE, (7-12/2008), Henri Kissinger n'aurait aucune difficulté de rejoindre l' Europe !", observa-t-il en suscitant des nouveaux applaudissements nourris.


    "J'au vu l' Europe Politique se dresser, et prendre ses responsabilités : L' Europe Politique c'est celle qui agit sans délai, et avant les Etats-Unis, pour stopper des faillites Bancaires qui s'enchaînent, qui nous auraint plongés dans une Depression pire que celles des années 1929. L' Europe Politique est celle qui, maintenant, doit mettre un fin à un Capitalisme Financier, qui a perdu sa boussole. L' Europe Politique est celle qui a réussi d'etablir le règles les plus ambitieuses au Monde dans la lutte contre le rechaufement Climatique. Samedi, nous celebrons l' anniversaire du debarquement de la Normandie, où nos amis Américains ont pris une part décisive à nôtre libération. Mais, en décembre 2009, à la Conference (Mondialle) de Copenhague, c'est nous les Européens, qui allons leur montrer le chemin vers cet avénir commun" pour la sauvegarde de l'Environement naturel. L' Europe Politique c'est celle qui, en août 2008, lorsque la Guerre faisait rase entre la Russie et la Géorgie, s'est interposée pour imposer la Paix. Et c'est elle qui doit, maintenant, se doter des moyens Militaires de se défendre par elle-même, pour elle-même", ajouta-t-il en évoquant clairement la création d'une Défense Européenn Autonome.


    "L' Europe Politique c'est celle qui doit bâtir des grands champions Industriels Européens, comme nous avons fait, auparavant, pour (l'avion) Airbus ou (la fusée) Ariadne. C'est celle qui doit exiger la Reciprocité dans les rlations Commerciale avec nos grands partenaires", sans Dumping Social ou Environmental, ni autre Concurrence Deloyale. "C'est celle qui doit se doter comme objectif d'être "le Continent de l'Esprit", réunissant les plus grandes Universités du Monde, en multipliant les Connexions, entre Scientifiques et étudiants."

    "Nous respecterons nos engagements, jusqu'au dernier", souligna le Premier Ministre de la France, peu après que les candidats-eurodéputés de la coalition Gouvernementale (UMP : Mouvement pour la Majorité Présidentielle) ont signé solennement, devant plusieurs milliers des Citoyens, une spectaculaire pancarte-géante avec "7 engagements" pour les Elections Européennes du 7 juin, auxquels figure aussi l'engagement de "s'opposer à l' adhésion de la Turquie dans l'UE".

     - "Parcque ce respet des engagements est une exigence si nous voulons rétablir la Confiance entre les Responsables Politiques et les Citoyens", conclua Fillon, la veille de ces Elections Européennes de juin 2009, après les Abstentions Majoritaires de 1999 et 2004, suivies de 3 "NON" à 3 Euro-Réferenda dépuis 2005, (dates auxquelles, quelques gouvernements du Passé, avaient donné le statut d'un "Candidat" et commencé des "Négotiationa d'adhésion" avec la Turquie, suivies d'un blocage sans précedent de l' édification européenne)..


"Nore Europe n'est pas n' importe quelle Europe : L' UE Technocratique n'est pas la nôtre. ... L' UE sans Frontières n'est pas la notre. L' UE desincarnée n'est pas la notre". "Nous portons une idée de l'Europe" qui "n'est pas celle des Statistiques et des Bureaux(crates). L'Europe ce n'est pas qu'une Monnaie. Ce n'est pas qu'un Marché. économique".

- "L' Europe c'est d'abord une Culture. L'Europe c'est une Histoire", a-t-il dit, largement applaudi.


       "L'Europe c'est une rencontre entre des Nations qui sont Millénaires et qui sont Brillantes. L'Europe c'est Paris. C''est Madrid. C'est Prague. C'est Londres. C'est Rome. C'est Varsovie. C'est Berlin. C'est Vienne. C'est Athènes : Quant on énonce ces Villes, alors on "sent" nos Héritages et nos Cultures entremelées qui circulent dans nos veines".

    - "Je suis Européen, parcque profondément Français, je sais ce que je dois aux influences de l' Atlantique et de la Méditerannée. J'aime ces Traditions qui offrent à chacun des nos Nations leur éclat. .. J'aime ses saveurs, ses paysages divers. Ils sont également miens, ou, plus précisement, je suis également fait d'eux. Je suis Européen, car, Français, j'aime l' Europe ouverte vers l' Amérique, vers l'Orient, vers l' Maghreb. J'aime les quais de Vénise, ceux d'Amsterdam. J'aime les quais de Thamise où sont vénues pendant des siècles s'amasser les richesses et les nouveautés du Monde. J'aime l' Europe curieuse. L'Europe qui rêve des lointains : L' Europe de Vasco de Gama, de Magelan. de Bougainville, de Charcot, de Monot... Cette Europe qui, aujourd'hui, s'élance vers l' Espace. Je suis Européen parce que Français, j'aime l' Europe qui prospère et qui invente. J'aime l' Europe des Trains à Grande Vitesse. J'aime l'Europe des Satellites et des Fusées. L'Europe de la Mode et des Atéliers d' Artistes. L'Europe des Grands Laboratoires, des Ingéniers. des Entrepreneurs, des Grands Architèctes, des Traditions Ouvrières. Comme rançais, j'aime l' Europe qui dit "NON" à la Tyrannie et qui se soulève à l'appel de la Liberté", a-t-il dit en

"Je me sens lié à ces femmes et ces hommes sans nom, qui ont levé la tête, et qui ont sécoué le joug sous lequel .. on les avait fait pliér", dit-il en évoquant pex.. la Révolution Française de 1789, le Siècle des Lumières, l'appel du Général de Gaulle contre l'Occupation NAZI, et les pires heures obscures qu'un  "Fascisme" ou "Communisme" devoyés, suivies de la Guerre Froide avaient plongé l'Europe au Passé.

"Ils sont des millions, ces Héros Anonymes de notre temps, que nous croisons sans le savoir dans nos rues et nos places. Et je ne peux pas concevoir l'Europe sans eux, et sans tous ceux qui poursuivent leur combat contre l'arbitraire et le fanatisme", ajouta Fillon. Faisant pex. rappeler un récent Film allémand, primé au Festival de Vénise, qui décrivait la vie d'un cadre à l'époque d'un régime oppressif, qui avait été chargé d'espioner la vie privée et familiale d'un couple soupçonné d'être dissidents politiques, mais, ému par leur honnêteté humaine et leur sacrifice pour sauver d'autres, a preferé risquer sa place et sa propre liberté pour les sauver, sans même qu'ils le sachent, condamné dépuis à faire un bas boulot d'anonyme perdu dans la foule..

"Quand je vois l'Europe moderne, je vois les résultats de l' Audace de ces hommes qui ont brisé les traditions de conflit et de violence. Je vois des nations soudées autour d'une monnaie unique et protectrice. Je vois 27 jeunesses appelées de grandir ensemble, sans défiance. Je vois 27 peoples unis, qui nous interdisent de jouer les blazés ou les indifférents".

Jettant "un régard lucide sur les errements de la construction européenne", Fillon a observé que "l' Europe n'a pas bésoin d'être idélisée pour être ce qu'elle est ; Cad. une aventure humaine, avec ses faiblesses et ses forces".

"Vous voulez que l' Europe agisse ? Fixez-lui des objectifs clairs. Vous voulez la Démocratie ? Agissez en Citoyens. Vous rédoutez la prétendue Bureaucratie des Bruxelles ? Alors renforcez, par votre Vote, les instances élues au Parlement Européen" qui sont chargés de la contrôler.

- "Si nous voulons faire vivre "le Rêve Européen", .. alors nous avons tous le dévoir de l' engagement", a-t-il conclu, appelant de "engager pour le drapeau tricolore et le drapeau étoilé, car ils symbolisent tous les deux la fierté de nôtre nation et la force de nôtre union".




2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?


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