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Home arrow newsitems arrow Vatican Prime Minister Parolin to EF: BioEthics Fundamental part of Human Dignity at European level

Vatican Prime Minister Parolin to EF: BioEthics Fundamental part of Human Dignity at European level

Written by ACM
Sunday, 04 July 2021
 
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- Replying to an "Eurofora" Question at his Press Conference Today in Strasbourg, Vatican's Prime Minister, Cardinal Pietro Parolin, Clearly Stressed the Fundamental Importance that BioEthics have Nowadays at a European/International Level, as he Acknowledged in the Middle of Many and Various Converging Moves, Currently, around the European (EU + CoE) Institutions in Strasbourg, where the Official Visit of Pope Francis' choice at the Head of the Spriritual Government of 1,5 Billions Faithful People-Strong Christian Catholic Church, Coincided with the Ordination of an Auxiliary Bishop, Gilles Reuthinger, with a landmark Experince in International Relations, (See Infra), at the Same Time that Local Region's Historic Patron, Sainte Odile, Founder of a landmark Covent for Nuns at a Superbe Mountain's majestic Top near the City, marked her 1.300th Jubiley this year of 2021, inter alia, Also with a special Mass at the Famous Huge Cathedral of Strasbourg, Exceptionaly Filled with a Lot of enthousiastic People this Sunday, (See also Infra).

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                 + "Europe Needs Hope", he stressed Afterwards in his Homelie at the Cathedral, in order "to End a Demographic Winter", by "Finding the ...Meaning of its Roots", "with Otimism", "Conscious of ...the Cross, But (also) that the Last Word is for the Resurrection". I.e. "Free from ...Fear of the Future, and ...Willing to Invest ...a Great Energy", with "Faith in God", and "Trust in its Spiritual Potential", using "Real Integration ...and Fraternity", Not by "Doing Everything", But by "Chosing the Best Part, ...in order to Liberate Powerful Energies", as he Highlighted, (See Infra). 

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    - "Eurofora"'s Question to Cardinal Parolin, during his Press Conference in Strasbourg on Midday, started by Observing the Fact that, After Pope Francis' 2014 Official Visits to EU Parliament and CoE on 2014 (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/popefrancisateuhumanismnotechnocracy.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/pacepresidentbrasseuronpopeukraineandpeace.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/popefrancisspokesmnlombardionbioethics.html + ..., etc), His own current Visit here, where he is due to ordain, later in the Afternoon, as new vice-Bishop Mgr Gilles Reithinger, who has a Longue Experience on International Issues (See Infra), as well as his Official Visit to CoE's Top Officers Tomorrow, after a 1st Meeting with Strasbourg Diocese's Actors of the European Pastoral, earlier this Morning, where he Encouraged them to Engage in EU's Conference on the Future of Europe in an "Inclusive way", (See Infra), might reflect Vatican's Greater Interest on Europe, Nowadays.

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    => In such a Context, we Asked his view about the Importance that the Topical Issue of BioEthics, lato sensu, may have Among the concrete Matters that the Catholic Christian Church wishes to promote at the European level.

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    - Indeed, "We (i.e. the Vatican) Wish to be Present mainly in order to Develop the bilateral Relations with Other Member States, but also with the Activities of the European Organisations themselves. That's the Reason of my Visit here", Cardinal Parolin Acknowledged from the outset of his Reply to "Eurofora"'s above-mentioned Question.

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    - Among the Key "Issues Raised", in this regard, "where, as a Church, we could make a valuable Contribution", is, "particularly the Centrality of the Human Person", he stressed. That is "Not Isolated, But Open to Others, with a Community and Social Dimension, Mainly towards a Tnascendental Life in All its Aspects, and Not Only Unilateral". In "Relation with, Also, Other Topical Issues, such as, f.ex.,  the Ecology, and Climate Change", etc.

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    - "However, Our (the Holy See's) Action is mainly in favor of  the Human Person, in All its Dimensions, and All the Phases of its Life", he stressed.  "So that, Certainly,  BioEthics, in this sens, have a Really Important place". Both "at the Beginning of Life, and at the End of Life". "According to Pope Francis' doctrine, we take into Consideration All the Dimensions of Human Life : the Beginning, its Development, and the End of it". That's why "Pope Francise has Spoken extensively Against Abortion, against Euthanasia, Artificial Procreation, etc, that you know well", Cardinal Parolin pointed out, in particular. "In this Context, the most Important is that Holistic Vision of Human Life", he concluded.

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    => A Vision which, in fact, attributes to BioEthics a "Fundamental" role, as Vatican's Prime Minister had Clearly Underlined to "Eurofora" just an Hour Earlier, after his Initial Meeting with Strasbourg Christian Catholic Community's Actors involved on Europe, (Comp. Supra).

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    + Interestingly, at this Previous Occasion, he had encouraged those Christians to Actively Engage also in the current EU's "Conference on the Future of Europe", with "Proposals Defending the Christian Roots and a Christian Vision of Europe, Not in an Exclusive, But in an Inclusive way", as he had just added.

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    >>> Indeed, "Europe Needs Hope", Cardinal Parolin stressed, Later this Afternoon at Strasbourg's Huge Cathedral, astonishingly Full of several Thousands of People, before a Mass celebrated in honor of the 1.300th Anniversary of Saint Odile, the Founder and Patron of a High Mountainous Convent for Nuns, and Paton of Strasbourg's Historic area of Alsace, an initialy Handicaped Daughter of a Noble, who succeeded to bypass that obstacle, and refused an easy life, in order to fullfil her Mission.

    - This is Needed "if (Europe) wants to put an End to a Demographic Winter, which is Not so much due to an Economic and Social Crisis, But rather to the Weakening of Hope and of the Authentic Feeling of Life and Existence", Vatican's Prime Minister pointed out.

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    - Because "Europe Needs to Find the Profound Meaning of its Roots. They are imbeded with Optimism of whoever is really Conscious of the presence and Weight of the Cross, But Knows that the Last Word is for the Resurrection", he Highlighted.

    => "That's why he Sees the Personal, Family, Social, Historic and Ecclesiastical Future, Free from Shady and Paralysing Fear of the Future, and that's why he is Willing to Invest there a Great Energy".

    - "Europe needs Faith in God, who is Father; needs Trust in its Potential, mainly Spiritual.     

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    - "Europe needs Charity, in order to put at the Center of its Concerns who Survives at the Margins, in Poverty, or in Exclusion, and in order to Manage the Migratory phenomenon with Wisdom and Perceptivity, in a way to Make concretely Practicable a Real Integration, which becomes Source of Opportunities and Fraternity, Away from the Risk of Separatism and painful Misunderstandings, spectrums of a Culture which Denies that All Human Beings are Brothers and Sisters, "fratelli tutti".

    => "But, How should we Act, so That would Happen ?", he wondered. Parolin invited to Find "an Important Key" at Today's "Evangile" pointing at Saint Luc's reference to the Marthe and Marie Parabole, where Jesus reportedly Criticises the attitute to 'Fidjet for Too Many Things', Prefering, instead, to Focus on "Only One (which) is Necessary : ...The Best part" ! (Which would be to Conteblate God's divine Message, or, Otherwise, to make "All our Actions ...in Front of God and in the Light of his Word", according to a Commentary already made in the Past by now Emerite Pope Benedict XVI).

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    >>> Indeed, "Often, we are Fidjeting around Too Many Things, eager to Do Everything", while, "on the Contrary, it's preferable to ...Choose the Best Part, ... in order to Liberate those Powerful Energies, which are Necessary for Acting and Serving Tirelessly", observed Today Cardinal Parolin, Inviting, instead, to "Become an Intimate of Jesus", and "Meditate on His Word", in order "to Engage, with Devotion and Serenity, into Accomplishing the possible Good, with ...Creativity", But "withOut ...Pessimism or Nostalgy", as he stressed, in Conclusion, on this point, (Praying to "Sainte Odile, to Help us Fully Live Our Time, [i.e. think and act Topicaly], as she fully lived Her Time, and "Open our Eyes towards God, ...as our Guide ...and Light").

    => In Other Words, to put it in a Nutshell, ...Not Far away from the well Known Moto about : "No More, or Less, Europe, But just a Better Europe" !...

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    + Last, but not least, Vatican's Prime Minister Concluded, Today, by Ordinating a Strasbourg's New Auxiliary Bishop, Mgr Gilles Reithinger, Born at Nearby Mulhouse, (at the Borders between France and Switzerland), who was Educated in Strasbourg University, (Initialy on Biology and afterwards on Theology), and has notoriously Served also in ...Far away Madagascar, London, and particularly Singapor (responsible for Asia), before being Elected as Head of the "Foreign Missions of Paris" (MEP), after serving there also as former Director of Communication : All "Linked together by ... God's Gift and (his) Disponibility to ...Serve the Church, as well as a ...."Surprising and Original Divine Reply", as Parolin observed, Wishing him the "Help of Saint Odile, who Experienced the Strength of God's Love, by Overcoming any Obstacles".

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    - The quite Young Mgr Reuthinger, (whose Moto is to "Hope, even in Hopeless situations", But was Warmly Applauded and Later Saluted by a Lot of People), Speaking Afterwards to "Eurofora", confirmed the Interesting Fact that he was, in the Past, inter alia, also in charge of "China", (for which a Proposal as made in Strasbourg, by a French Politician, former President of CoE's Assembly, to receive a Special Status of Observer at the PanEuropean/International Organisation, as also the USA, Canada, Mexico and Japan, Completing, thus, the presence, here, of All 5 UNO SC's Permanent Members inside the CoE, while even Emerite Pope Bendict had Symbolicaly Visited the Family Home of a Missionaire who devoted his Life to the Christian Community in China, when "Eurofora" Visited his Summer ressort at the North of Italy on 2008, where he Prepared his Trip to France, then EU President : See ... + ..., etc, Followed by Negotiations between Vatican and Beijing on the Thorny Issue of the Selection of Bishops there, which was, Finaly, Solved Later by the current Pope Francis. "Eurofora" had Met and exchanged, Earlier in Strasbourg, with an Historic Chinese ArchiBishop from Shanghai, who had served 20 Years in "Camps" in the Past, before Becoming a living "Bridge" with Europe, and Learned, Today, that an already Well-Educated Young Chinese was Currently Studying at the reknown Strasbourg Church's Catholic Seminar...).

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    + Mgr Reuthinger also Told "Eurofora" that, even if he would certainly Like to at least Include in his New Responsibilities in Strasbourg, if possible, a good part of OutReach towards the European/PanEuropean Organisations, (f.ex. EU Parliament, and, Mainly CoE, etc), given his Past Experience on International Relations, (Comp. Supra), nevertheless, he would Faithfully Serve also at Any Other Mission that Our Archi-Bishop, Luc Ravel, might, Eventualy, lui Assign, since the Work Division inside Strasbourg's Diocese, naturaly, depends on its Head's Decisions.

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    ++ But, Speaking, Meanwhile, also with Strasbourg's Archi-Bishop Ravel, "Eurofora" found that, Even if he quite Agreed with our Feeling that the Catholic Church might Wish to Develop Further its Contacts with the European Organisations in general,  he Appeared sincerely Thoughtful about such particular Issues as the Repartition of Missions inside Strasbourg's Diocese, for which he Reserved, at least for the Time being, a Final Decision after Deeper Reflexion.

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However, Ravel is Notoriously on the Record for his active Interest, at least on BioEthics, (where he had even Helped, in practice, "Eurofora" to Timely catch up with Deadlines of the Latest, 2018-2019 Citizens' Consultation at a special Internet Forum set up by the French Government, on the Highly Controversial projects to considerably Modify the Basic Law on BioEthics at "Hot" Key-points, such as Massive Artificial Fabrications of Babies in Labos, etc, Resulting in obvious "Gaps" between the People and the Government, that should be "Bridged", as the BioEthical Committee's President, Professor Delfraissy, stressed Earmier at a CoE's Conference and to "Eurofora", See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coebioethicsdebatechildrenforlesbiansandheritablegenemanip.html , etc), which have Just been Declared, at a "HELP" EU-CoE Cooperation Network for Legal Professionals, Last Week, as The Most Spectacularly ...Popular Issue (among 38 or 40 proposed), Nowdays, Both in Europe and at its Neighbouring Asian and/or African States; See: ..., etc) !

    >>> At any case, it's, Nowadays, a Fact that probably The Most Topical and Crucial Issue in the whole History of BioEthics may Evolve around CoE's Treaty on Human Rights in Biology and Medicine, (alias known as "Oviedo Treaty", since it was Opened to Singature at that Spanish City on 1998), which, inter alia, Prohibits any Artificial Modification of the Human Genome Heritable by the Next Generations, (i.e. something which, Obviously, would Risk to Fabricate Real Different"Races" in the Future, Breaking the Unity of Humanity to Separate Pieces, and, therefore, Provoking its End !), which has, Notoriously, become Possible since the 1st Birth of 3 Babies Artificialy Fabricated in a Labo, after Heriable Genetic Manipulations of the Embryos by a Maveric Chinese Doctor, Educated, Paid, and Guided by a USA Lobby of Technocrats, linked to former President Hussein Barak Obama etc., and who had prepared a Special Conference at Hong Kong in order to Publicize that Event and make Propaganda, on November 2018. Xi's China Government, However, Arrested that Maveric would-be "Dr Frankenstein-Junior", and Finaly Officialy Condemned him in 5 Years of Prison, Clearly Denouncing the Serious InHuman Consequences that his Criminal Blunder Risked to Provoke in the Foreseable Future, as it was Announced at the End of December 2019, ...i.e., by a Striking "Coincidence" just 1 (One) Day Before the Official Announcement of the COVID-19 Deadly Virus' Epidemic ! Since then, Inevitably, the Only available Solution with some Guarantee would be to Find a way to Extend the Scope of the above-Mentioned CoE's Treaty on BioEthics at a  World-wide level, (in order to "Ban" legally such a Serious Danger Against Humanity)...

    Indeed, that CoE's Treaty is, in Principle, Legaly Binding, and, Even, Open for Singature and Ratification, not only by its 47 Member States (Including Russia, etc), But Also by Any Other State in the World, be it European, or Asian, African, Australian, or American ! So that this would be, as things stand Nowadays, the Most Simple and almost Ready-made Solution, (on Condition to adequately Develop some Efficient Mecanisms in order to Implement it in Real Practice).

     Other, Parallel Attempts to Establish a Specific, Ad Hoc, "Ban" at International Level, Against Heritable Genome Manipulations, Starting through a Relevant Resolution in EU Parliament, (See, f.ex., at: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/heritablegeneseditingandartificialbirthsforlesbians.html, http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/eppvpresidentandmepsongermlinemanipban.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coedirectorfrighteningheritablegeneediting.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/comecesgonheritablegeneeditingchinaeu.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/strasbourgmepsander.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/greengrouppresidentonbioethics.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/chinacondemnsheritablegeneediting.html , etc), Might, Eventualy, Help, But, Despite a quite Large OutReach, as "Eurofora" witnessed, they haveN't acquired a Sufficient Momentum in real practice Yet.

    All that Obviously is part of a Big Topical and Central, Key BioEthical Issue, of Great Topical Importance for All Humankind, around which, a Huge Moral and Political Power-Game has, Already, Started to be Silently (for the Moment...) Played Nowadays in Strasbourg, Since, approximately, 2019-2020...

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
-------------------------
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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