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Αρχική arrow newsitems arrow Mandatory Vaccine row from Texas to Strasbourg: Dissidents win v. Establishment in ECHR Law Contest

Mandatory Vaccine row from Texas to Strasbourg: Dissidents win v. Establishment in ECHR Law Contest

Έχει γραφτεί από ACM
Friday, 04 May 2018

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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- In a Case that has Rocked the USA, and may come anew to Press Headlines in Europe in the foreseeable Future, the CoE's Foreign Ministers-Backed 2018 Annual Moot Court contest organized by the European Law Students Association (ELSA) at the ECHR, where Secretary General, former Prime Minister of Norway and NOBEL Peace Committee Top Member, Thorbjorn Jagland, awarded Today in Strasbourg the Prizes to the Winners, the 1st was attributed to the Team which Supported Popular Dissidents' Complaint against a State's attempt to Impose by Force a Controversial Massive Vaccination of Children, on Public Health pretexts, despite Many Families' Opposition, on Moral, Health and Religious grounds.


Among about a Hundred of reported Candidate Teams from various Universities accross Europe, 19 Finalists competed during 3 Days at the CoE in Strasbourg, included Teams, inter alia, not only from France (Grenoble/Alpes), Germany (1.502-founded Martin Luther's Wittenberg University from Saxonny-Anhalt), Greece (Democritos University of Thrace's Comotini City), and Sweden (Orebro University at Central Swedish Lakes), as well as Czech Republic (Mazaryk University at the Constitutional Court's HeadQuarters in Brno), and Romania (Timisoara), but also from the current EU Chair Bulgaria (St. Kliment University from Sofia), and the incoming CoE Chair Croatia (Zagreb University), as well as Albania (Tirana University), even Ukraine (Catholic University at Lviv, steming from a Greek Catholic Theological Academy created on 1928), and Russia (Moscow's Higher School of Economics, Faculty of Law). Added to Turkey, COE Member since the Cold War, (with Ankara's private Bilkent University). But UK made the Largest Participation, with ...6 Universities (Cambridge, Sheffield and Aberdeen in Scotland, as well as City, Queen Mary and King's College of London).

 

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(Russian Team from Moscow at ECHR's entrance)
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However, the Surprize Winner was a Spanish Team (from "IE" Business University at Madrid, as well as at Segovia and Castile/Leon), who Artfully and Actively Pleaded the Cause of Dissident People obliged to Lodge a Complaint at the ECHR against Oppressive Measures taken by a State in order to Impose to their Children (New Born Babies included) Massive Vaccinations that its Government found Necessary for Public Health in general. The Seriously Documented, in Fluent English, but also Spanish Passion, Pleadings of that Team, headed by a Young Lady full of Energy for the Cause that she served, really Deserved the 1st CoE-ELSA Award for that Moot Court competition at ECHR's Grear Chamber.

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Nevertheless, London's Kings College Head representative, George Collecott, usefully accompagnied by an efficient young Lady, succeeded to Save UK's honour, by Winning the 1st Award for an Individual Plaidoyerie, even in the "Hard" position of a Defendant Lawyer pleading for the Respondent State's attempts to Force a Mass Vaccination of Children, even Against their Families' wish, (See Infra).


- CoE's Secretary General, Thornbjorn Jagland, speaking at the Award Ceremony in the ECHR, later Today, noted that the PanEuropean Organisation's Cooperation with ELSA with its 50.000 Members completes, on 2018, a full Decade, and stressed that if the Young Law Students use well their aquired Knowledge to theis subsequent practical activities, and really "Take Human Rights Seriously", then, "Europe's Future will be in You !", as he highlighted in conclusion.

 

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Indeed, the 2018 ECHR-ELSA Case was really "Serious", and far from being purely Imaginary :


In Fact, such kind of Issues have, among others, also rocked one of USA's Biggest and Key States : that of Texas, already as Early as since 2007 - 2011/2016, provoking a Strong Controversy, with Large Involvement among the affected People, which practically Costed to former Governor Perry not only his usual job, but even his Participation to the 2016 US Presidential Elections, where he was due to Compete (at GOP's Primaries) with current US President Don Trump (2017-2021).


Despite having become a Republican (Right) Party Politician after Flip-flopping from a Democrat (Left), Perry was cought in an Exceptionaly "Hot" Dispute between "Fiscal (i.e. Financial) Conservatives" and Social/Cultural Values Conservatives at the Popular Basis, precisely when he made an Unsuccesfull Attempt to Impose by Force a Massive Vaccination to all Young Girls aged just 11 or 12 years, by Claiming that a Controversial New Vaccine (Tested Only 5 Years then) may prevent one of the factors leading to Cervical Cancer of their eventual Children in some cases in the Future.


But Critics (Headed by "Tea Party" Leaders f. Congresswoman Michelle Bachmann and f. US vice-Presidential Candidate + f. Alasca Governor Sarah Palin, as well as Christian "Evangelical" People, etc), strongly Protested, arguying that this Vaccine's alleged Efficiency was still Doubtful, while, on the Contrary, it might have serious Side-Effects (including f.ex. to eventually provoke Mental/Neurological Troubles, etc), was Against several Christians' Beliefs (f.ex. on Sexual conduct of underage and/or unmarried Girls), and Violated Families' Right to Raise their own Children in Freedom, (as an Opt-out clause had been almost Biffed in real Practice).


(Even Recently, Only a Minority of 27% of USA's Girls were Vaccinated, while a Debate on Adverse Effects still continues, including Neurological and/or Immune System Problems, and even several Dozens of Deaths were reported. Reported Numbers are, comparatively, Small, but most Tests are still made by the interested Company).


Corruption allegations were Added in this Issue, (by a Timely Coincidence with CoE's Annual "GRECO" Anti-Corruption Report's Publication, earlier This Week : See ...), considering also Perry's consistent Long-Time pattern of too close and shady Interest Links with some para-Medical Lobbies : F.ex., a stuborn Opposition to Efforts to Help Victims bring to Justice serious Incidents of Mal-Practice by some abusive Doctors ; Financial Backing by the Big Pharma Company which Sold that Expensive (360 $ initially, 525 $ currently) Vaccine, (including 5.000 $ paid in his latest Electoral Campain = 36.000$ during recent years, about 375.000 $ to a National Association that he Chaired, and which reportedly Contributed for almost 4 Millions $ to his Electoral expenses, in Addition to Hiring his former Chief of Staff, who became a Lobbyist for that Company, before preparing a Super PAC's plans to raise 55 Millions $ for Perry's GOP Presidential Candidacy on 2015, etc) ; Veto against Funding a Team of Prosecutors against Corruption, who were also Investigating allegations against a Research Institute for Cancer Prevention in Texas, (Affair for which he was even Indicted by a Court, and risked Prison, until 2016), etc.


Finally, Perry was convinced to Drop that Controversial Mandatory mass-Vaccination, (which had Not yet been Imposed but Only to 2 Other among USA's 50 States, but was Starting, then, to Spread), when even Texas' Assembly Majority Voted a Resolution Against it. But, meanwhile, he had to Drop his Governor job, and Afterwards he Aborted even his US Presidential Candidate plans (Comp. Supra).


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- But, Today, in ECHR's Headquarters in Strasbourg, the Fight was quite "Hot", and, at the Beginning, apparently Uncertain, between the 2 above-mentioned "Finalist" University Teams from Spain and the UK on a Similar Issue, pictured at an Imaginary CoE's Member Country, where the State had Decided to take even Coercitive Measures in order to Oblige all recalcitrant Families to Obey a Controversial Order to Submit even their Youngest Children, already from the Age of New-Born Babies, to a Series of various Vaccines, (Comp. Supra).

________

 
echr_elsa_kings_colledges_team__winner_of_1s_individual_prize__agg__eurofora_400 


- Speaking earlier to "Eurofora", the Head of London's Kings College University's team, which played the role of the respondent State's Legal Defenders, (receiving afterwards the No 1 Prize for an Individual Oral Plaidoyerie : Comp. Supra), told us that, in his view, a Main and Crucial Point of Law, was the Fact that "there is No Majority stance among CoE's (47) Member States" about the Mandatory, or not, characted of such Mass-Vaccination Campaigns :


=> Therefore, "ECHR should Accept a Wide Margin of Appreciation for Each State to Decide" what it deems Better suited to the Concrete Situation actually present at its own Territory, in one moment or another, he told us.

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- But the Head of the Spanish IE Madrid University's Team, which played the role of the Dissident People's Complaint Against that State's Oppressive Measures vis a vis those Families which Opposed their Children's forced Vaccination on various Health and mainly Religion grounds, (Comp. Supra), a Serious but Passionate Young Lady, speaking to "Eurofora", prefered to place her Main Legal Argument at a Different Point :


- She had already Admitted, in Reply to Earlier Questions by the Jury, that, indeed, her Initial Legal Analysis about "18 out of 34 States" in Europe currently "Not" Imposing Mandatory mass-Vaccinations as those of the present case, could Not be taken, Definitively, as a Proof of the eventual Existence of a Majority of States Allowing a Free and Crystal-Clear "Opt Out" for justified Dissidents, since CoE's Member States notoriously were 47, but, for Practical Reasons, it had Not been yet Possible to really Know, with Certainty, what was the real Position of the Remaining Countries.


=> - That's why, the Head of the Winner Team (from Spain) had Prefered to Focus much More on Contesting the real Need for that State to Impose such a Mass Vaccination to All its Population of Children, i.e. by Taking Measures of Enforcement against any eventual Dissident Families (Comp. Supra), Despite of the Fact that "there were No Epidemics, and, at any case, the Herd Immunisation Threshhold (theoretically Covering all the Population, even those who were not vaccinated) had been obtained in this case, by the sufficiently Great Number of People already Vaccinated", as she explained to "Eurofora", in Conclusion.


>>> This Key Legal Point, can, Obviously Fit the particular Schema of the Present, 2018 ECHR-ELSA Moot Court Competition, based on an Imaginary Scenario where the Dissident People Opposed to a Massive Vaccination of their Children are, comparatively, a more or less Small "Minority", Mainly Focused on some "Religious" Belief grounds, (i.e. under Article 8 and 9 of the European Convention of Human Rights). But it canNot also Cover those Dissident People who might, eventually, Object, in Addition, Because, also, of a "Hot" Controversy on the alleged Health Issues and/or UnCertainties, (f.ex. on the Importance of possible Side-Effects), which would Risk to Affect their Children if they are Obliged to be Vaccinated even against their Parents' wish. Obviously, Because, in such a case, that Dissident Population might even be the Majority of the concerned Population inside a given Country, (as, f.ex., it's reportedly still the case Nowadays for the above-mentioned "Texas" Affair in the USA : Comp. Supra).


I.e., in other words, to put it in a nutshell, the Legal Fight of Ideas, in the name of Human Rights, about nowadays' Controversies on various eventually Mandatory Mass Vaccinations' Cases, including Reactions among Dissident People and Families, does Not yet seem to have been Clearly settled, with Absolute Certainty, at least at an ECHR case-law level, as it was currently interpreted by this Interesting 2018 CoE- ELSA Moot Court Competition...

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- In fact, Judges have "Always" to "go through the Necessary Process of Taking into Account the Competing Interests, in the Light of Strasbourg's Case-Law", reminded, as a matter of General Principle,  speaking to "Eurofora" on this occasion,  ECHR's Registrar, Roderick Liddell, (who has an Extensive Experience of the PanEuropean Court's work during Decades, after Studying Law at Oxford University and working as Legal Expert, Assistant to ECHR's President, Chief of Press/Communication, Head of Strasbourg Court's General Services, and Elected since December 2015 as Registrar responsible for 600 Legal and Administrative Staff at the ECHR).


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- Concluding the Official Ceremony at ECHR's Headquarters, the current Chairman-in-office of CoE's Highest Political body, that of its Committee of Ministers, Danish Ambassador/Permanent Representative to the CoE, Arnold de Fine Skibsted, after Nostalgically recalling his own, personal "Good Old Times" as "a Law Student" too, (that he exagerated by calling "PreHistoric"), ended on the Most Serious Matter, by repeatedly Stressing the Need, at the core of nowadays Democratic Societies, to ensure not only the Definition, but also "the Implementation of Human Rights" in real practice, which notoriously still is an unfulfilled yet "Mission".

 

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De Fine Skibsted has soon to face, at CoE's forthcoming Foreign Ministers' Summit, on 18 May 2018, at Copenhagen, an Ambitious but also Challenging Draft Plan on how to Advance on ECHR's Reform process, initially Launched as early as since 2010, at an Exceptionally Important, Justice Ministers' Summit at Interlaken, Switzerland, (which drafted a Multi-Annual Plan up to 2019 ; See "Eurofora"s NewsReports from Interlaken at: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/interlakenconclusions.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/boillatngosinterlaken.html, etc), which includes Both States' margin of appreciation, and their Obligation to Implement ECHR's Judgements.


- He would certainly not be contradicted by the President of the Jury for the 2018 European Moot Court competition at ECHR, the Experienced CoE's former Long-Time Director of its Committee of Ministers' Service precisely for the Supervision of ECHR Judgements' Execution by its 47 Member States, (a Key-Issue), Simon Palmer himself, who, Speaking later to "Eurofora", agreed that the real value of a COE's "extensive Memory" on Human Right's issues, is to be used, not simply for the History of the Past, but much More for the sake of Present and Future vital needs in Europe.

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- In this regard, f.ex., in what might, eventually, become, Later-on, an eventual Extension of a probable "BREXIT", Palmer told us that he's Worried about a possible Risk for some in the UK Government to, perhaps, ask also to Leave CoE's PanEuropean Convention on Human Rights, probably pretexting of some more or less Controversial ECHR's Rulings about Condemned Prisoners' Right to Vote even from inside a Jail, and, much more, for its Refusal, in the Past, to accept the Expulsion of some Foreign Criminals, condemned and imprisoned, who have Committed particularly Horrible Crimes, (etc).


It's true that, in a Recent Past, f.ex., even the current British Prime Minister, Theresa May, when she served as f. Home Secretary, (i.e. Interior Minister), had reportedly Criticized some ECHR's Rulings on the above-mentioned Issues, while, at the same time, some used to point to the fact that England, which had got 1st in the World the Historic "Bill of Rights", might, eventually, manage to survive even if it were pushed to get out of COE's Human Rights' Convention, at a moment, or another, in the foreseable Future.  


- But it's also true, that even the Ideological "Father" of BREXIT, Brittish MEP Nigel Farage, President of EU Parliament's "Freedom and Direct Democracy" Group (EFDD), has already expressed to "Eurofora", in Statements made Earlier at the sidelines of an EU Summit in Brussels, that, in fact, he would personally like very much, if he became a Westminster's National MP, to eventually participâte in CoE's activities, (because it's much more about "Cooperation", than for "Integration", as he had pointed out), in the foreseable Future...


=> - At any case, all that is one more Reason, for which I am currently Focusing on Helping Projects such as that of CoE's cooperation with the European Association of Law Students (ELSA, Headquartered in Brussels) on Promoting ECHR's main Principles and case-law, a.o., Told "Eurofora" in Conclusion the 2018 President of ECHR-ELSA Competition Jury, Key Veteran CoE's Senior Officer Simon Palmer, (also Famous inside the PanEuropean Organisation as an Active Musician in its Staff's Band), greeting us with a Friendly Smile.

 

 This year, his Experience was, almost Certainly, a Decisive Factor, inter alia, also for Awarding the Prizes for Best Written Submissions to the teams from Democritus University of Thrace (Greece), the Ukrainian Catholic University, and the University of Grenoble Alpes (France, Bis : Both for the Respondent State and for the Appliquant).

 

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("Democritus"' Team with their Prof. Theodossiou.

Names which roughly Mean : "Chosen by the People", but "Given by God"...)

 

(../..)


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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
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    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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