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Home arrow newsitems arrow UN Rapporteur on Privacy, Cannataci to EF on Issues for 2016 UN General Assembly+Heads of State/Gov.

UN Rapporteur on Privacy, Cannataci to EF on Issues for 2016 UN General Assembly+Heads of State/Gov.

Written by ACM
Friday, 09 September 2016
new_uno_rapporteur_on_right_to_privacy_professor_joe_cannataci__agg__eurofora_400


*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- 3 Years After Snowden's revelations on Mass Surveillance at the Internet, SmartPhones, etc, UNO's new Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy, Professor Joe Cannataci, speaking to "Eurofora", highlighted the main Issues that he intends to raise at New York's Autumn 2016 General Assembly's session of the International Organisation, where use to participate most Heads of State/Government from all over the World :


"Eurofora" asked Cannataci about "the main Substance of this Years' Issues that (his) forthcoming Report will raise at the Autumn 2016 UN General Assembly", (i.e. shortly before the December 2016 IGF in Mexico).

 -"My (2016) Report will mostly deal with 2 main Points :", he Started to Reply from the outset.  

- "The First will deal with a Set of 5 Priorities of joint Actions to identify".


 - These "Include Security and Surveillance, of course. But it also includes Medical Data". Even "Big Data, Open Data", and "Personal Data by Cooperations, as well as "the subject of Privacy and a Better Understanding of it".

- This Last Issue is included"Specifically Because, although More than 163 Countries have Signed up to the Right of Privacy, we doN't have a Definition of that Right !", he criticized.


- "It's a Huge Challenge...  Since there is No Definition", then, "we have a Situation where <<Privacy>> is Meaning Different things, to Different People, and, yet, we have 1 Internet !"...


=>  Therefore, "we have a Number of Situations, where, clearly, you can come in front of Poor Values about Privacy, with Some Different Understandings about what it means", he denounced.

------------------

+ "The Second Point of the (2016 UNO) Report has to do with Surveillance, and some (Recent) Developments which have taken place with Surveillance, Encryption, and so on", he added.


- "And I leave you to Think about what Direction the Report will take when it comes f.ex.  to SmartPhones...", he joked, with a keen sense of Black Humour on such a notoriously Thorny Issue, particularly after so Many recent Scandals revealed, at a quite Fast pace, one after another.


In this regard, UNO's Rapporteur told "Eurofora" that he was Aware, f.ex., from World Famous Whistle-Blower Eduard Snowden's current effort, in Partnership with an MIT Student Expert, to prepare a Phone that might Not be Spied, resilient to attempts for Geo-Localisation and other Privacy-affecting threats.

However, "even if you succeed to inspire some Good Legal Rules for protecting Privacy, nevertheless, it will still remain an Open Question on How to Apply that in Real Practice", particularly since it seems to be a Quasi-Monopoly" on SmartPhones globally, "Eurofora" reacted.       

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 But, "Technically speaking, it looks very Difficult", Perhaps, "there might be some Suggestions", on how to overcome that Problem in real Practice ?, we asked.


- "That's Difficult, but Not Impossible". Already, "there are Some SmartPhones which are More Secure than Others", UNO's New Rapporteur on Privacy pointed out, in a quite Optimist Reply to "Eurofora"s  query.


-"Switch this Off, and I'll Show you !", he kindly offered us...

(NDLR : => The Rest of this Story is - Exceptionaly - Stricty Confidential. Or, to put it otherwise :  It belongs to a "Private/Personal Data" Issue. Sorry !)...


------------------------------------

 + Concerning General Principles at stake here, UNO's Experienced Rapporteur told "Eurofora" that he finds much Better to speak about "Proportionality, No Balance", between various Values.s


 - Because "Balance is when one is against another", so that "one takes (something) from the other". "While", on the Contrary, "Here, you have a number of things, which Need to Live Together", as he stressed.


 - And these are "more than two : Security, Privacy, Freedom of Expression", etc., he pointed out, in reaction to an "Eurofora" query.

-----

 unos_privacy_rapporteur_at_coeosce_conference_in_strasbourg__agg__eurofora_400
 
 Joe Cannataci had already Explained that Important point Earlier Today, during his Keynote Speech to a landmark PanEUropean Conference on "Freedom at the Internet" and "Democratic security", co-Organized Together by the Estonian Presidency of the CoE, and the German Presidency of the OSCE :
 
osce__coe_germany__estonia_conference_400_01


- "These are Principles that do Not Need to be <<ReConciled>> (as some use to claim), but Can Live Hapily Together !", he underlined.


This is an Important Point, because "some Governments, instead of SafeGuarding both Security and Privacy, on the Contrary, they use New Laws to Legitimize Mechanisms to Intrude in People's Lives", as he Denounced, strongly Criticizing  "some Measures used to Gather Informations at the Internet, which are Completely DisProportionate".

Professor Cannataci, who was chosen as UNO's new Rapporteur just last Year (2015), works in 3 Universities from Europe up to Australia, (including at the Netherlands, Perth, and Malta : the Next EU Chair from Jan. 2017), is a UK Chartered Information Technology Professional & Fellow of the British Computer Society, as well as an “Officier de l’ordre des palmes Académiques” in France, who has written a lot of relevant Books and sits at the Editorial Board of 6 peer-reviewed Journals, and has reportedly received more than "30 Millions" of Grants for Research from the British Academy, CoE, COST, UNESCO and the Commission of the EU, that his Country of origin will Chair Next Year (2017).


--------------------------------------------
+ China's Hu on UNESCO's input, before the forthcoming IGF of December 2016.
-----------------------------------------------

unescos_senior_officer_on_online_investigative_journalism_hu_from_china_speaking_at_coeosces_conference__agg__eurofora_400


Completing the point of view of International Organisations,  just a few Months before the Global "Internet Governance Forum" in Mexico, on December 2016, UNESCO's Senior Expert on Freedom of Expression and Media Development, Communication and Information, Ms. Xianhong Hu from China, who deals with "Online" and Offline Media, Internet Privacy and Governance, following the World Summit of Information Society (WSIS) and the IGF, underlined from the outset the "4 Principles", set "by 195 Member States", on "Internet's Universality" :


- I.e. on Human Rights' respect, Openess and Accessibility of Internet, as well as on Multiple StakeHolders' involvement before Decision-Making, as she resumed.

 

Meanwhile, according to other, well informed sources, UNESCO's Head, Irina Bokova, is expected to be a Keynote Speaker at CoE's forthcoming "World Forum of Democracy" (WFD), on November 2016 in Strasbourg, which is due to Focus, this Year, mainly on Topical Education challenges. 


+ Currently, while currently preparing Projects into steping the Web Further, UNESCO aims to "Ensure that our Principles will Not be Watered Down", (considering also the Fact that "New Technologies are Often used to Strengthen one party"), and that "New Relations Emerging between various Internet Actors", will Move Forward in a Responsible way, particularly into "Ensuring that Users woN't be Squeezed Out of the Web".


In this regard, Xianhong Hu, in addition to Managing UNESCO's Program on promoting Online Freedom of expression Privacy, as well as Internet Safety, in the dynamic context of Global Web Governance and increasing Challenges, after receiving a Ph.D from Beijing University's School of Journalism and Communication, has also conducted 2  UNESCO Publications on Facilitating "Investigative Journalism".

 

(../..)


***


("DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap).


***


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    Before the end of 2009, France and Germany will take strong initiatives to open "new Horizons" needed by Europe and the World, going well beyond the current Crisis' management, anounced French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angie Merkel, reassuring that both a judgement on Lisbon Treaty by nearby Karlsruhe German Federal Court, and the forthcoming National Elections in Germany would confirm their capacity to act.    

They were replying to Press questions in Berlin, after key-regional elections on Sunday, where Merkel's ChristianDemocratic party kept everywhere a strong 1st and won the possibility to forge a New Majority with Liberals at the largest of 3 Landers : Saxony (4 millions inhabitants), while its main competitor, the Socialdemocrat party fell to unprecedented lows : Tackled by the small "Linke" (left) party in Saarland (1 million inhabitants), it became even smaller than it in Saxony and Thuringen (3 million inhabitants), where SPD arrived only third. While its usual partners, the "Greens" also fell down, contrary to CDU's new partners, the FDP Liberals, who go up.

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    - "At any case, at the end of the year (2009), if things go as scheduled, we shall take strong initiatives, showing that Europe needs a Franco-German axis, as well as the World, even if it never excludes other" countries to join, replied Sarkozy to a question if France and Germany will revive the "European dream", by "relauncing the EU motor" for the Future, with actions going further than the mere management of the global crisis, (as it was done fex. in the Past with the creation of the "Euro" Monetary zone, etc).

    - "I am convinced that the Franco-German friendship must be constantly nourished by New Projects", he added."There are many areas of cooperation where we intend to take, very soon, some Franco-German initiatives, which will allow to open more Horizons" to the EU, Sarkozy stressed.

    But if "we don't speak about that now, it's only in order to avoid interfering in important elections coming in Germany", he observed. However, "we have already started to consider the Future with the (German) Chancellor, and what we can do in order to honour our predecessors". "We are already speaking about that, and we are preparing things". "I am working very well together with Mrs Merkel, and I wish that it goes on", Sarkozy concluded.

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    - "It's important for EU's credibility that France and Germany advance forward together", stressed Merkel from the outset. "Don't worry about Germany's capacity to undertake initiatives" with France, she added. "France and Germany will be perfectly able to make proposals" for the EU.

    -  "After-crisis" plans must be prepared, meanwhile, with measures "advancing progressively", Merkel anounced. And, for the short term, we must deal also with EU Citizens' dismay since they feel that it's a Scandal for some in the Financial Markets to be paid with excessive "Bonuses", etc, she agreed with Sarkozy.

    - "Abuses in financial markets must stop", stressed also Sarkozy. Backing Merkel's announcement that France and Germany call for an EU meeting to forge "a crystal-clear European position" in view of the G-14 Summit at Pittsburg, he warned that "everyone will have to undertake his responsibilities, in front of World's Public Opinion. particularly those who don't want to make the same effort of regulation as France and Germany".

    Moreover, "Global Trade cannot be correctly dealt, without taking into account also Environmental and Social rules", Sarkozy added, referring to recently expressed positions against Unfair Competition via Environmental and/or Social Dumping, (See earlier "EuroFora"'s publications).

    Such moves are obviously linked to the need to ensure at least an elementary respect for Human Rights by Third Countries, (f.ex. exploitation of Children's work, etc) in order to avoid, precisely, any such Social Dumping.

    - "EU has Values, protecting Human Rights and Human Dignity", and "it cannot close its eyes" in front of grave violations, particularly "Torture and/or killings", added, indeed, Sarkozy.

    Thus, "the time comes, where decisions must be taken". But, in case of "Sanctions", "all International opinion should be convinced of the need to take action", he observed.

    Expressed on the occasion of recent developments in Iran, the same principles should logically apply also to other similar cases, including fex. that of Hundreds of ECHR judgements' condemning f;ex. Turkey for grave crimes, (as Torture, brutal Killings, Enforced "Disappearances", Destruction of Family Homes, harassments and oppressive violations of Freedom of Speech, etc).

    Meanwhile, questioned on (EU Commission's chair)  Barroso's bid to succeed himself for a second mandate, they both expressed a "wish" or a "feeling" that "EU Parliament"'s various political Groups might fix a date for decisions "during September". However, is he is endorsed before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, it will be legally necessary to re-vote anew for a full term of office afterwards, according to EU Legal Experts, revealed recently in Strasbourg the experienced former President of EU Parliament's Constitutional Committee, German Socialist MEP Jo Leinen. And Germany will not vote for Lisbon Treaty's ratification but only "on September 8 and 18", revealed Merkel, ( i.e. after EU Parliament's plenary session in Strasbourg).

    - Therefore, "for EU Commissioners' appointment, it's too early yet, because we must wait for the ratification of Lisbon Treaty" by all 27 EU Member countries, including naturally Ireland's Referendum on early October, said to "EuroFora" the influential President of EU Parliament's largest group of MEPs, Joseph Daul, expressing, however, the hope that a controversial deal with the head of the Socialist Group of MEPs, Martin Schultz of Germany, might hold for Barroso alone, at a forthcoming vote due to fix the Strasbourg plenary's Agenda.

    But MEPs reportedly just "postponed" for 1 week all their previously scheduled group meetings (See : http://www.euractiv.com/en/future-eu/barroso-unveil-summer-homework-week/article-184825 );

    However, while the choice of a new EU Commission's President by EU Parliament is supposed, according to many MEPs' wish, take place according to EU policy issues, paradoxically, this would mean that Barroso's bid would pass before even the anouncement of France and Germany's "initiatives" for EU's "new Horizons"...

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