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Home arrow newsitems arrow UN Rapporteur on Privacy, Cannataci to EF on Issues for 2016 UN General Assembly+Heads of State/Gov.

UN Rapporteur on Privacy, Cannataci to EF on Issues for 2016 UN General Assembly+Heads of State/Gov.

Written by ACM
Friday, 09 September 2016
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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- 3 Years After Snowden's revelations on Mass Surveillance at the Internet, SmartPhones, etc, UNO's new Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy, Professor Joe Cannataci, speaking to "Eurofora", highlighted the main Issues that he intends to raise at New York's Autumn 2016 General Assembly's session of the International Organisation, where use to participate most Heads of State/Government from all over the World :


"Eurofora" asked Cannataci about "the main Substance of this Years' Issues that (his) forthcoming Report will raise at the Autumn 2016 UN General Assembly", (i.e. shortly before the December 2016 IGF in Mexico).

 -"My (2016) Report will mostly deal with 2 main Points :", he Started to Reply from the outset.  

- "The First will deal with a Set of 5 Priorities of joint Actions to identify".


 - These "Include Security and Surveillance, of course. But it also includes Medical Data". Even "Big Data, Open Data", and "Personal Data by Cooperations, as well as "the subject of Privacy and a Better Understanding of it".

- This Last Issue is included"Specifically Because, although More than 163 Countries have Signed up to the Right of Privacy, we doN't have a Definition of that Right !", he criticized.


- "It's a Huge Challenge...  Since there is No Definition", then, "we have a Situation where <<Privacy>> is Meaning Different things, to Different People, and, yet, we have 1 Internet !"...


=>  Therefore, "we have a Number of Situations, where, clearly, you can come in front of Poor Values about Privacy, with Some Different Understandings about what it means", he denounced.

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+ "The Second Point of the (2016 UNO) Report has to do with Surveillance, and some (Recent) Developments which have taken place with Surveillance, Encryption, and so on", he added.


- "And I leave you to Think about what Direction the Report will take when it comes f.ex.  to SmartPhones...", he joked, with a keen sense of Black Humour on such a notoriously Thorny Issue, particularly after so Many recent Scandals revealed, at a quite Fast pace, one after another.


In this regard, UNO's Rapporteur told "Eurofora" that he was Aware, f.ex., from World Famous Whistle-Blower Eduard Snowden's current effort, in Partnership with an MIT Student Expert, to prepare a Phone that might Not be Spied, resilient to attempts for Geo-Localisation and other Privacy-affecting threats.

However, "even if you succeed to inspire some Good Legal Rules for protecting Privacy, nevertheless, it will still remain an Open Question on How to Apply that in Real Practice", particularly since it seems to be a Quasi-Monopoly" on SmartPhones globally, "Eurofora" reacted.       

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 But, "Technically speaking, it looks very Difficult", Perhaps, "there might be some Suggestions", on how to overcome that Problem in real Practice ?, we asked.


- "That's Difficult, but Not Impossible". Already, "there are Some SmartPhones which are More Secure than Others", UNO's New Rapporteur on Privacy pointed out, in a quite Optimist Reply to "Eurofora"s  query.


-"Switch this Off, and I'll Show you !", he kindly offered us...

(NDLR : => The Rest of this Story is - Exceptionaly - Stricty Confidential. Or, to put it otherwise :  It belongs to a "Private/Personal Data" Issue. Sorry !)...


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 + Concerning General Principles at stake here, UNO's Experienced Rapporteur told "Eurofora" that he finds much Better to speak about "Proportionality, No Balance", between various Values.s


 - Because "Balance is when one is against another", so that "one takes (something) from the other". "While", on the Contrary, "Here, you have a number of things, which Need to Live Together", as he stressed.


 - And these are "more than two : Security, Privacy, Freedom of Expression", etc., he pointed out, in reaction to an "Eurofora" query.

-----

 unos_privacy_rapporteur_at_coeosce_conference_in_strasbourg__agg__eurofora_400
 
 Joe Cannataci had already Explained that Important point Earlier Today, during his Keynote Speech to a landmark PanEUropean Conference on "Freedom at the Internet" and "Democratic security", co-Organized Together by the Estonian Presidency of the CoE, and the German Presidency of the OSCE :
 
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- "These are Principles that do Not Need to be <<ReConciled>> (as some use to claim), but Can Live Hapily Together !", he underlined.


This is an Important Point, because "some Governments, instead of SafeGuarding both Security and Privacy, on the Contrary, they use New Laws to Legitimize Mechanisms to Intrude in People's Lives", as he Denounced, strongly Criticizing  "some Measures used to Gather Informations at the Internet, which are Completely DisProportionate".

Professor Cannataci, who was chosen as UNO's new Rapporteur just last Year (2015), works in 3 Universities from Europe up to Australia, (including at the Netherlands, Perth, and Malta : the Next EU Chair from Jan. 2017), is a UK Chartered Information Technology Professional & Fellow of the British Computer Society, as well as an “Officier de l’ordre des palmes Académiques” in France, who has written a lot of relevant Books and sits at the Editorial Board of 6 peer-reviewed Journals, and has reportedly received more than "30 Millions" of Grants for Research from the British Academy, CoE, COST, UNESCO and the Commission of the EU, that his Country of origin will Chair Next Year (2017).


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+ China's Hu on UNESCO's input, before the forthcoming IGF of December 2016.
-----------------------------------------------

unescos_senior_officer_on_online_investigative_journalism_hu_from_china_speaking_at_coeosces_conference__agg__eurofora_400


Completing the point of view of International Organisations,  just a few Months before the Global "Internet Governance Forum" in Mexico, on December 2016, UNESCO's Senior Expert on Freedom of Expression and Media Development, Communication and Information, Ms. Xianhong Hu from China, who deals with "Online" and Offline Media, Internet Privacy and Governance, following the World Summit of Information Society (WSIS) and the IGF, underlined from the outset the "4 Principles", set "by 195 Member States", on "Internet's Universality" :


- I.e. on Human Rights' respect, Openess and Accessibility of Internet, as well as on Multiple StakeHolders' involvement before Decision-Making, as she resumed.

 

Meanwhile, according to other, well informed sources, UNESCO's Head, Irina Bokova, is expected to be a Keynote Speaker at CoE's forthcoming "World Forum of Democracy" (WFD), on November 2016 in Strasbourg, which is due to Focus, this Year, mainly on Topical Education challenges. 


+ Currently, while currently preparing Projects into steping the Web Further, UNESCO aims to "Ensure that our Principles will Not be Watered Down", (considering also the Fact that "New Technologies are Often used to Strengthen one party"), and that "New Relations Emerging between various Internet Actors", will Move Forward in a Responsible way, particularly into "Ensuring that Users woN't be Squeezed Out of the Web".


In this regard, Xianhong Hu, in addition to Managing UNESCO's Program on promoting Online Freedom of expression Privacy, as well as Internet Safety, in the dynamic context of Global Web Governance and increasing Challenges, after receiving a Ph.D from Beijing University's School of Journalism and Communication, has also conducted 2  UNESCO Publications on Facilitating "Investigative Journalism".

 

(../..)


***


("DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap).


***


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3 EU Parliament votes to boost EuroGroup !

---------------------------------

After EuroZone Paris Summit's succes, Sarkozy calls to "think anew how to re-construct Europe !

"EuroZone and EU Institutional debates pave the way to 2009 discussions on EU Future, including Enlargment, Turkey etc. ?


23 October 2008

After EU Parliament strongly suppported in 3 successive Votes this week in Strasbourg French EU Chairmanship's move to boost Euro-Group at EU's core, while ideas on EU Institutional problems are awaited on December, "it's an open Question now" if this may lead to a debate on EU's Future, or not, told us French President, Nicolas Sarkozy''s Spokesman, Pierre-Jerome Henin.

MEPs voted on Thursday fresh Funds to support EuroGroup, after adopting on Wednesday a Resolution asking a "further Evolution" to "the 1st ever meeting of Heads of State and of Government of the Euro-Zone, taking decisions in that capacity", while earlier this week a Report asked "a stronger Institutional setting" for "EuroGroup", extended from "competitiveness/industry" to "environment, employment and education", with "increased powers for Political decision-making", according to a text drafted by French MEP Francoise Beres and German MEP Werner Langen, "10 Years after the creation of Euro" (1999 - 2009).

- Brussels' subsequent "EU Council ..(simply)..ratified the measures decided by EuroGroup on October 12" in Paris, which "were necessary to contain the current Financial Crisis", Resolution observes, expressing also support to the new process succesfully initiated by Sarkozy and due to be completed by agreements with USA and other countries at a Global level.

From now on, it's between two differend but parallel moves : EU's delay, and EuroZone's acceleration, that Enlargement and particularly Turkey's controversial EU bid, will have to search its way :

Indeed, EU's 27 expect a "Roadmap on how to deal with the Irish problem" on Lisbon Treaty ratification after December, risking to pass even 2009 Elections and next Commission with the old Nice Treaty of 2000, out-dated and unfit even for 2004's Enlargement...

On the contrary, EU's core launches a real "Economic Governance for EuroZone at the highest level of Heads of State/Government" of the 15, which started in Paris on October 12 and was strongly supported this week in Strasbourg by Sarkozy and EU Parliament.
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- "It's a good idea, to launch such a debate ("on EU's Future") in EU Parliament in view of 2009 Euro-Election : Perhaps some MEPs will seize an opportunity", told us mainstream French MEP Alain Lamassoure, former EU Minister and EU Spokesman for France's governing party UMP.

- "All MEPs' debates on such EU Councils are also part of the larger debate on Europe's future : Now with EuroZone, and even more when, on December, Irish Prime Minister is due to table proposals in Strasbourg on how to deal with EU Treaty's ratification", replied earlier to our question EU Parliament's Press Director and Spokesman, Jaume Duch.
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Sarkozy has formally anounced his intention to open EU Debates on Economy, Identity/Enlargement (i.e. mainly Turkey), etc. both linked to a popular Political view of Europe, since his Historic speeches on EU in Strasbourg, on February and July 2007, when he stressed that "Europe needs a New Renaissance". At the beginning of the French EU Presidency, on July 2008, replying to a MEP, he suggested that EU Parliament takes an active part in Debates on EU's Future.

- Now, in 2008, "Crisis are an opportunity to re-think how to re-construct Europe", Sarkozy stressed. At any case, the Historic 1st EuroZone Summit of Heads of State/Government, which started replying to the Financial crisis,"is a Turning Point : After that, Europe cannot be governed as before, but differently" : People "like a Europe with Strong Will".

- "We must make the System move !", "Europe needs Innovation" and free political debates. EU "Elections are in a few Months", Sarkozy warned.

He invited EU Parliament to fully play its role as "the Democratic Heart of the Europe we want : United, Independent and Voluntarist, because the World needs Europe's voice".

- "It's no more possible for Euro-Zone to continue without an Economic Government" at the Highest Level of Heads of State/Government, who provide "Democratic Legitimity" and can take important decisions, he announced, strongly supported by EU Parliament's Economic Committee which just voted to boost the "Institutional" aspects of "EuroGroup".

Plasticity offered by the current absence of a special Treaty on EuroZone's Institutions "made it easy to adapt the organization of the 1st Summit with imagination, to efficiently meet urgent needs", he observed, on the occasion of Brittish Prime Minister's exceptionnal presence at the greatest part of EuroGroup's Paris Summit.

- "In EuroZone we have the same Bank, the same Money, and, thus, a same duty for Unity" : "By bringing together EuroGroup's 15 members States we suceeded to find a solution and prepare a Giant Plan of 1.800 Billion euros", Sarkozy reminded of Paris' 1st Historic EuroZone's Summit.

Afterwards, Brussels' EU Council followed the move, and USA's Paulson II Plan was inspired from that. "Europe must promote the idea of Global Economy's Refoundation", he stressed.

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- "I was frankly astonished when I found, at the EU, a rigid system, where any New Idea was seen from the outset as a sacrilege, while, on the contrary, Europe needs Innovation !", he described.

F.ex. ,"'When we first spoke about the "Union for the Mediterranean", it was misunderstood as something extraordinary.. When later we had the Russia -Georgia crisis, it seemed against EU's custom to act "in the middle of August", instead of staying a passive spectator ! And when, in front of the Financial ciris, we gathered the 1st EuroZone Summit of the "15", some thought of it as a lese-majesté", he denounced.
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On Geo-Political Principles :
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- But, by moving resolutely, "EU obtained the ...withdrawal of Occupation Troops in 2 Months !", reminded Sarkozy, observing that Russia "fulfilled its commitments", in the Georgian crisis, where a "disroportionate reaction" from Moscow followed a "totally inappropriate action" from Tbilisi's troops. "It would be crazy to reply by military means : EU should not become accomplice of another Cold War, imposed by lack of cool heads".. as he said.

In future, "the creation of a common European Economic Area with EU and Russia, would also obtain a raprochment on our Human Rights and Democratic Values", added Sarkozy, in a statement which should logically be applied, a fortiori, to controversial EU "candidate" Turkey..

Particularly when, the same week that EU Parliament voted 2009 EU Funds for Turkey's controversial EU bid, ECHR took a series of judgements condemning Turkey for grave Violations of Human Rights, such as : Torture, death of a political prisoner in unclear circumstances followed by failure to conduct a proper Investigation, "enforced Disappearance" of a youngster aged 17, Killing of a sepherd with Tank Shells, persecuting Journalists for articles on "Missing" People, even a former President of Human Rights' Association, (etc)

- "We (EU) can defend our ideas on respect of Sovereignity and territorial Integrity, on Human Rights and other differences ... without confrontation", Sarkozy stressed, on the occasion of Russian/Georgian conflict, reminding that : "we were only 2 steps from catastroph", when a Peace agreement brokered in Moscow prevented, at the last minute, Russian troops' advance towards Tbilisi.

An EU Parliament Resolution adopted Wednesday in Strasbourg on the occasion of Russia - Georgia conflict, outlines a set of Principle which apply elsewhere too, (particularly when EU Rapporteur for Russia and Turkey is one and same person ; Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijtanen !)

Clearly rejecting any "military solution to the conflicts", MEPs "condemn ..all those who resorted to force and violence". They denounce a "disproportionate military action", "as well as (an) unilateral decision to recognise the independence" of brekaway regions, "calling.. to respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity" of the concerned country, "and the inviolability of its borders recognised by all EU Member States". They warn that "EU must review its policy towards" a 3rd Country, "should .(it)...not comply with its commitments", and "stress that the withdrawal of.... troops from the areas ....is an essential additional step".

EU Parliament "calls for the safe and quick return of refugees, (accepted by Russian President Medvedev) accompanied by the deployment of EU observers on the ground", and "regrets ...that ..EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM) is not allowed to enter the ...breakaway regions". Moreover, "It's important to ensure that persons and NGOs ..engaged in defending human and civil rights can operate". "Until ...all remaining issues (are) resolved..., and notably the continuing ...Military presence", "relations with the EU ..cannot be fully normalised", MEPS warned.

As nobody likes to be accused to practice "Double Standards", this should be regarded as "Principles" applicable to any Third Country at EU's Neighborhood.. No ?

-------------------

On Economy :

-----------------------
- "When Financial crisis shook US and EU's Banks, without result from the 1st (American) Paulsen plan, it was the common reply of the 1st EuroZone's Summit, involving some 1800 Billion euros, which started a positive move in the markets, soon strengthened by the follow-up of the US Paulson 2 Plan, noted Sarkozy.

- "Europe should not be only on the defensive, but, if necessary, know also how to take an offensive", he said, brushing away hesitationsto act on Economy: - "I'm for a refondation of Capitaliism, but against Speculators, who betray its values" : "Lack of Rules was profitable to speculators, Not to businessmen !" We must make sure to prevent any such crisis in future". "We, the rest of the World, cannot continue to bear the deficits of the 1st World power without saying anything !", the French President said, applauded by EU Parliament. All this needs "a New Global Governance", on which EU Parliament must debate. That's why "we proposed together with USA, several Summits from mid-November", to which G-8, enlarged to China, India a.o. countries, should participate. UNO's SG; Ban Ki Moon, the IMF, etc.

Financial crisis lowered shares' prices even for healthy companies, sometimes to 1/3 of their initial price, so that strangers might buy EU industries for only a portion of their real value, and Europeans may wake up one day with their main industries sold out to foreigners !

That's one of the reasons for which EU should debate about creating "Golden Shares" for States to jointly take Strategic participations to help European Industries until the end of the Crisis, particularly against distording competition, he suggested, pointing at USA's 35 billion $ plan for American Car Industry."We shall struggle for Europe to be able to build Airplanes, Ships, Trains, Cars, because we need a strong Industry", he concluded.

"F.ex. as we did back in 2004, when as Finance Minister, we bought Alsthom's shares for 800.000 euros, and, after restructuring, we sold them for 2 Millions : Help a company and make money is not so bad"...

As for the UK, "when Ireland announced that it would guarantee only Irish Banks, London City emptied from liquidities in 24 hours : It's the EU which helped to restore the situation, Not the UK alone !", reminded Sarkozy to nationalist British MEP Nigel Farage.

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On the contrary, in a last-minute attempt for the EU to catch-up with its Institutional delay "before the European Elections" of June 2009, MEPs simply voted a call for a "set of proposals" to be made for the "Irish public opinion" at the end of the year...

- "As long as Lisbon Treaty is not ratified by all 27 EU Member States, there is an unanimous decision to stop Enlargement, reminded Wednesday in Strasbourg the French Minister for EU affairs, Jean-Pierre Jouyet..

Added to an indirect but clear warning that, without Lisbon Treaty, all 27 EU Member Countries may not have a Commissioner in the 2009 resuffle, MEPS in the Constitutional/Foreign affairs Committees applauded hoping that this might motivate their Irish friends..

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