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Inicio arrow newsitems arrow UNESCO Head backs Eurofora view on Web Editor's Journalist status + Murder Enquiry: Do Carmo case

UNESCO Head backs Eurofora view on Web Editor's Journalist status + Murder Enquiry: Do Carmo case

Escrito por ACM
31.08.16
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- A World-Famous WhistleBlower Edward Snowden's reference to "Press Freedom"'s links, (that he Personaly Supports), alerted "Eurofora" about an initialy Unbelievable, Big Positive Aftermath of our July 2016 Article denouncing the Murder of Web Editor Miranda Do Carmo (See: http://www.eurofora.net/brief/brief/webeditorkilled.html) :


Indeed, we were, for once, Positively Surprized to Find out that, after a Long and quasi-Total, scandalously Indifferend "Silence" at almost All Mainstream Media of the Establishment, World-wide, during a Whole Month, even on such a shocking, Brutal and Shameless Cold-Blood Murder of that WebNews Editor, (a former City Employee, who had set up alone a Local News-WebSite often Publishing, during 3 Years now, even quite Critical Reports on some Thorny Local Affairs concerning the current Municipality which had Obliged him to leave his former Job), Killed with many Bullet Shots Fired at his Family Home Doorstep, Suddenly a well-known Brittish Establishment's Newspaper as "The Guardian", astonishingly made a Spectacular "U-Turn", Long-After its staff's Summer Holidays, Starting to Publish, after all these Weeks, a Long Article on that Crime, for the 1st Time !


Why ?


It's, as we Discovered very soon, because, just a Few Days Earlier, even prestigious International Organisation "UNESCO"'s Director General, Irina Bokova, with whom "Eurofora" has Worked in the Past, including at the CoE, (Comp., f.ex., earlier Irina Bokova's Statements to "Eurofora" at : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/unescobokovainternetautomatictranslation.html), had, in the meantime, a Few Weeks After Our Publication, issued a landmark Official Statement Urging to Investigate lone Web-Editor Do Carmo's Murder, in the name of all UNO Member State's Obligation to Protect from Aggressions all Journalists :


- "“I Condemn the Murder of João Miranda do Carmo,” and  “I Call on the Authorities to Investigate this Crime, and Bring its Perpetrators to Justice", said UNESCO's Head. This was done, as a matter of Principle, "so as to Protect Journalists' ability to Continue Contributing to Informed Public Debate", (i.e., a Basic PreCondition to real Democracy), she Stressed.


- The Victim, "Do Carmo", "Owned and Edited a Local News Website", but "was Shot ... at his Home", UNESCO's Official Anouncement reminded.


Concerning such Web-"Media Workers", "the Director-General of UNESCO issues Statements", whenever one of them might, eventualy, be "Killed", "in line with (a) Resolution", already "adopted" by the International Organization's "Member States", as early as since "1997", entitled "Condemnation of Violence against Journalists", this August 2016 Official Document explains.


Headlined : "Director-General Condemns Murder of Journalist Joao Miranda do Carmo in Brazil", this was Posted "on a Dedicated (Web-) Page", Titled : "UNESCO Condemns the Killing of Journalists".

Irina Bokova, currently is among the Front-Runner Candidates for the post of the New Secretary General of the UNO.

The "Resolution No 29", of UNESCO's General Conference of 1997 in Paris, about "Violence against Journalists", to which refers the Recent, August 2016, Official Statement of Director General Irina Bukova, is clearly Founded on the Human Right of Free Speech (refering also to the PanEuropean ECHR), and, speaking about "Journalists", it Focuses on what it explicitly names as "Persons Exercising (i.e. in their Regular Activities : See Infra) the Right to Freedom of Expression", (f.ex. Art. 2, al 2).

 

--------------------------------------------------


=> Apparently, Thanks also to that Boost given by Irina Bokova to that Web-Editor's Murder case Investigation, the competent Local Police in Brazil, managed to Arrest, Shortly Afterwards, also a 2nd Suspect, as "The Guardian" Reports, citting the Local Press and an apparently well-informed US Texas University Blogger specialized on Press Freedom Issues throughout all the American Continent.


Personaly Linked to that Local Municipality, that the Victim used to Strongly Criticize quite Often, (Comp. Supra), those 2 Arrested Suspects might be related also with a Concrete Affair that the Web-Editor had just Covered in an Article among those Published Shortly before his Murder, according to some Local Press Reports, (also compared to do Carmos' Website content - in Portuguese).


-------------------------------------------------------


    "Eurofora" had earlier Published a relevant Interview, with the New "European Federation of Journalists" Secretary General, Ricardo Gutierrez, during a landmark CoE's International Conference on Press Freedom Topical Issues, where he has stressed, in substance, that, in that Field, what Matters most, is Not to have, or not, a so-called "Press Card" (too often issued by some National Outlets rather according to mainly ...Fiscal aspects, as f.ex. the Origin of the Majority of a Person's Financial Revenues, and Not at all according to the Substantial Content of his/her Regular Activity to Produce Original NewsReports Informing about Important Issues affecting People's Lives and the Society at large, while also Respecting Press Deontolgy Rules), but, preferably, to "Be a Good Journalist", as he had resumed, (See : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/iachrcoebookandefjsgonjournalismdefinition.html).


    + This very Topical, General Issue, more and more Widespread in our Post-Modern Times, particularly Since the Digital New Tech. Revolution, added to the World-Wide-Web's Internet, notoriously Bypassed Gutemberg's Old Printing Machine, (which, however, still remains always Useful, even if Otherwise), has also Recently Inspired some Exceptionaly very Long and interesting Thoughts, Ideas and Practical Proposals, that our old Friend, the Experienced Long-Time former Internationa Federation of Journalists' Secretary General, Aidan White, (currently Director of the "Ethical Press Network"), had just Published then, in a Special CoE's Book on "Journalism at Risk", a Hard Copy of which was graciously given to "Eurofora", on which we Published then several Abstracts in an Overall Analysis about such New Media Actors, who should, under certain Conditions, be Protected by all relevant Authorities in the Same Way  as all Journalists, (See Ibid).


    ++ Even More Important, "Eurofora" had also Published then, a Pioneer Analysis of two (curiously often Disregarded and/or Ignored by Establishment's Old Media) Historic, landmark Decisions of the InterAmerican Court of Human Rights (IACHR)n which had Unanimously Condemened the Attempts of some National Governments in Latin America (under the Push of some Selfish, Undemocratic and Obscurantist, Corporatist Lobbies) to Attempt to Impose a similar kind of "Press Card", issued Only on similarly Inadequate Criteria, often Blatantly DisRegarding a Real Media Work, (Comp. Supra), in order to Oblige all News Producers to hold one, Otherwise being Threatened with  Obstacles Hindering their Activities and even Denying them any Recognition and/or Protection as Journalists : The Inter-American Judges clearly Condemned that, as a Blatant, Anti-Democratic and illegal Violation of the Human Right to the Freedom of Expression, which is also a well-known  pre-requisitive to any Genuine Democracy, (as also the PanEuropean, Strasbourg-based ECHR, notoriously admits).


    This had been Timely observed, during that 2 Days long CoE's landmark International Conference, by a Competent CoE's Expert, just 1 Week before the 30th Anniversary of those Historic Judgments of the Inter-American Human Rights' Court, (which, Tragically, "coinciided" with the notorious October 2015 ISIL's Deadly Islamic Terrorist Attacks killing a lot of Innocent Civilian People in Paris)...


Meanwhile, "Eurofora"s NewsReport on that particular Case of Website Editor do Carmo's Murder, Published towards the End of July 2016, has already been Read by about 500 Independent Visitors in Less than 1 Month this Summer, while the Previous, Wider-scope NewsReport on Basic Principles, Published on Mid-October 2015, (i.e. almost 10 Months Earlier), was Read by more than ...7.000 Independent Visitors of "Eurofora.net".


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+ Soros Scandal on 2014 EU Elections' Manipulation + EU Observer staff ...Paid to Woo controversial Millionaire's Wishes !
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A Fortiori, after the Recent Revations made by Leaks of Classified Documents on Controversial Multi-Millionaire Soros' multiple Payments f.ex. to Establishment's Media "EU Observer"'staff in order to Write and Publish Newspaper Articles supporting his Views, as Part of what was Denounced as a much Wider Attempt to "Manipulate Elections in All EU Member States", f.ex.  on the occasion of a "European Elections 2014" on EU Parliament "Project", according to concrete Data released by "DC Leaks" Group of Activists, it would, obviously, become an even Worst Scandal if some EU Agents might, eventualy, have given comfortable Press Accreditations to Individuals Paid by that Lobbystit Millionaire for Articles making his Propaganda, in a Blatant Violation of Elementary Press Deontology Rules, while, almost at the Same Time, they would, perhaps, have Raised Obstacles or even Refused to allow  Access to Other, Honest Press Workers, who simply Accomplish their Duty to Regularly Investigate and Publish Original EU News on various Topical Issues affecting People's Lives and the Society at large, (in line with ECHR's well established Principles on Art. 10 of the PanEuropean Convention on Human Rights) ...


Indeed, it's at least Twice that Controversial Multi-Millionaire Soros paid Establishment's Media "EU Observers"' Staff, First with about 30.000 $, and Afterwards with More than 131.000 $, (etc), in order to Target not only "Europe's Far Right" Politician's "Speech", but even "Mainstream Politicians"' "Rhetoric and Policies" (sic !).  For such purpose, Soros Paid more than "128 Articles" of so-called ... "Professional News Reporting" (sic !), by some, so-called "Experienced, Local (Pseudo-) Journalists", that "EU Observer Recruited", thanks to that Multi-Millionaire's Money, leaked documents revealed, (and such Corrupted Misgivings even Continued also After the 2014 EU Elections !)


Which Shady Bureaucrat would, after that, Dare eventualy Oppress Honest News Reporting by really Independent Journalists, Respecting Press Deontology Rules, Contrary to such Paid Lackeys, on any Hollow Pretext concerning Money ?  After those stunning Revelations (of which there are even more..), any such Arbitrary Blunder, wouldn't stay UnPunished for long, in one way or another...


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 politkovskaya_gongadze_adali_400

Hu Jia's prize brings SAKHAROV's wife to "EuroFora" on murders of Journalists Politkofskaya, Gongadze and Adali :

- Elena Bonner : "All Journalists' murders must be fully investigated", without Double Standards.                                                                                    

During a special Mega-Event to celebrate 20 Years of SAKHAROV Prize for "Freedom of Thought", attributed in 2008 by EU Parliament to jailed Chinese Cyber-Dissident Hu JIA, the move was reinforced by strongly criticizing the persisting impunity in three cases of Journalists' Murders, such as POLITKOVSKAYA in Russia, GONGADZE in Ukraine, and ADALI in Turkish-occupied part of Cyprus.

Any bureaucratic doubt about whether Cyber-dissidents like Hu JIA might have, or not, a right to be protected as all Journalists must be, particularly when they take risks to search, find and publish original and critical News on issues of general interest to the society, could not resist to the emotion provoked by the message of his Wife, Zeng JINYAN spectacularly transmitted at a big screen in EU Parliament's hemicycle :

- "The most important and most interesting thing he did was to ... say the Truth :.. to write about the phenomena he observed... He never stopped Publishing.. on websites, so that the Public could learn about the reality .. and understand it.  In my view, this has been his greatest contribution", stressed the young wife of the jailed man, eager to cite also the cases of other critical journalists who faced various kinds of "harassment".

 - "Welcoming all those who have suffered for defending Human Rights", EU Parliament's President, German MEP Hans Gert POETTERING, who had invited to Strasbourg all former Sakharov prize-winners from various Countries throughout the World, said that "China needs Europe, and Europe needs China : A great nation" with which "we want to have a good relationship", "association and ..friendship". "But we are never going to stop our fight for Human Rights, and No Government can expect this from us".

    - "It's impossible  to achieve goals of Peace, if Human Rights are left out. In fact, Peace and Human Rights are intrinsequaly linked", added POETTERING.

    It's in this spirit that MEPs adopted, on Thursday, a Resolution denouncing that "the criminal
investigation and trial following the murder of (a) Journalist ...raises serious concerns with regard to transparency and respect for the rule of law", when a "brutal killing has not yet been fully investigated and solved in a satisfactory way".

    The text refered to dissident Journalist "Anna POLITOVSKAYA", a critic of Tchechen conflict, killed some years ago in Moscow, where Russian Authorities have found, arrested and are currently judging two executants, while also searching to arrest also a 3rd one, allegedly escaped in Belgium. But they have not yet found the instigators.

     Similar texts were adopted recently also on dissident Ukranian Journalist Georgiy GONGADZE's murder, for which Ukranian Authorities have at least found, arrested and condemned 2 executants to 12 and 13 Years of jail, but not yet the instigators. For that purpose, they recently accepted an International Experts team to participate to the investigations.     

But, it's only for the Murder of dissident Turkish Cypriot Journalist ADALI, in the occupied territories of Cyprus, that Turkey has NOT yet found ANYONE responsible, and even claimed recently inside CoE that it would be "impossible" to do so !    

These astonishing differences exist despite the fact that ECHR condemned alike Ukraine and Turkey with 2 Judgements on the same year : 2005, for the murders of  Journalists GONGADZE and ADALI, strong critics of Corruption in Ukraine, and of Ankara's policies on mass-influx of Turkish Settlers in the Occupied Territories of Cyprus, respectively.    

Regarless of that, CoE's Committee of Ministers, who is entrusted with the duty to supervise execution of ECHR's judgements, has just asked Ukraine's Government to reply to further questions on Gongadze's murder before March 2009, while Turkey, curiously, got a longer postponement for answering questions on Adali's murder, until June...   

A comparison of these cases, raises serious questions about Double Standards :

------------------------

On TRANSPARENCY :
--------------------------
    On Gongadze's murder, CoE's body speaks even about the participation of
"an INTERNATIONAL group of Experts" in the Investigation, (f.ex. of "Tape Recordings"), accepted by Ukraine.
    On the contrary, on Adali's murder, CoE is obliged to repeatedly ask (for a 2nd
time) Turkey whether, at least, it informed the victims' Family, or not...
------------------------------
- On EFFICIENCY :
-----------------------
On Gongadze's murder, CoE formally "recalls that the Committee (of Ministers) ..URGED the Ukranian authorities.. to TAKE ALL NECESSARY INVESTIGATIVE STEPS TO ACHIEVE CONCRETE and VISIBLE RESULTS in the INVESTIGATION, aimed at the Identification of the INSTIGATORS and Organisers of the Murder", and "STRONGLY INVITED the Ukranian Authorities to provide information on the PROGRESS IN THE INVESTIGATION", before MARCH 2009.

But, on Adali's murder, on the contrary, CoE's body merely .. "took note" of the "arguments presented by" Cyprus, which denounce the absence of any proof of new "investigation" by Turkey. Following Turkey's own suggestion (!), it simply "noted" that there is "no limitation period" for "any new element" to "lead potentialy (sic !) to a Re-Opening of the Investigation". Without saying who might find any such "new" fact, since Turkey stoped searching... It also POSTPONED the issue until .. JUNE  !
-----------------------
 - On the PUNISHMENT OF THOSE RESPONSIBLE :
----------------------
 -  On Gongadze's murder case, Ukranian Authorities already arrested and condemned, at least 2 suspects, to 12 and 13 Years of jail. And on Politkovskaya's murder at least 2 suspects are judged, and a 3rd one "wanted".

On the contrary, on Adali's murder case, the Turkish authorities simply claim that "it had not been possible to obtain new .. information .. on the basis of which criminal charges could be brought against ANY person" !...

Moreover,  a LETTER sent by Turkey ...2 Years after CoE's 2006 call to re-investigate anew Adali's murder case, is totally EMPTY of Facts ! As Cypus' Delegation denounced earlier, Turkey's Letter ONLY CLAIMS that a "New Investigation" was made without any result, but does NOT even cite ANY FACT to prove it :

F.ex.,on the crucial issue of the "MOTIVATIONS" behind Adali's murder, noted by ECHR, Turkey MERELY CLAIMS that "all allegations  were investigated; without result", but OMITS ANY FACT TO PROVE IT !..(It doesn't even remind which were these "allegations").. .

+ On ECHR's astonishment that the Turkish Occupation regime didn't produce any "BALLISTIC REPORT" on the Shots which murdered Adali, Turkey again repeats, 12 years later, that, still, even until now, "it  was not possible to obtain the BalisticReport"...

- As for the astonishing absence of key-WITNESSES' Testimonies, denounced by ECHR, Turkey agains repeats various pretexts avoiding to reveal anything, (Fex. that a person "left" the Occupied Territories  "on 2002", or that another witness was heard, but without revealing nothing of what he said, etc).

Turkey obviously "FAILS TO MEET THE CRITICISM made BY THE COURT" for lack of any efficient Investigation in Adali's case, concluded Cyprus' Government.
---------------------------------------------
Replying to our Question which COMPARED these 3 outstanding cases of "JOURNALISTS MURDERS", Adali, Gongadze and Politkovskaya, in order to avoid "Double Standards" by asking from Ukraine and Russia more than what is asked EU candidate Turkey, many European personalities were critical /

They criticised Ankara's recent claim at the CoE to stop investigating, because it would be "impossible to find anyone" responsible for the 5 bullet shots which killed Kutlu ADALI in front of his Family Home, contrary to the other two Journalists' murders, where Ukraine and Russia at least arrested the executants, searching now for the instigators :
----------------------------------

imag0103_400

    - "Where was that ? In Turkish Occupied Cyprus ? WITHOUT ANY DOUBT : Any murder of Journalist should be investigated in full ! All these Murders must be investigated !", replied the famous SAKHAROV's wife, Elena BONNER to our question on Adali's case, compared to Gongadze and Politofskaya.

    Elena Bonner spoke us EXCLUSIVELY shortly after being honored by the President
of EU Parliament on the occasion of 20 Years of her husband's SAKHAROV Prize.

    A strong personality, Sakharov's wife even had to struggle against an anonymous EU staffer who, astonishingly, tried to stop her speaking when h heard our question on "Turkey" (!) : - "Please, let me translate, she continues
speaking, don't stop us !", had to cry Sakharov's daughter, (a Journalist
herself), who was translating her mothers' reply, (obliged to speak louder to
make her voice heard despite the harassment).. (= + Audio Proof !)

    Earlier, Elena Bonner also fustigated "Double Standards" at another case, on
Western countries' attitude vis a vis Kosovo and the Kurds : -F.ex. "You have
recognized a few 400.000 Kosovars as an "independent" country, but you still
deny that to 30 millions of Kurds in Turkey !", she denounced.
-----------------------------
    - "This (ADALI's murder) is an issue which should be pursued by the Committee
for Human Rights. That's why we have one, and it's its duty to examine cases of
Journalists' murders as the one you referred to. You should bring the case in
front of that Committee", suggested in reply to our question on Adali, EU
Parliament's President, German MEP Hans Gert POETTERING.

    - "It's impossible  to achieve goals of PEACE, if HUMAN RIGHTS are left out :
in fact, Peace and Human Rights are intrinsequaly linked", added POETTERING.
--------------------------------------
    + "For us (European/International Federation of Journalists) it's clear :
Whenever a Journalist is Murdered, the Investigation should continue until
those Responsible are found !", replied earlier to another question on ADALI
EFJ/IFJ's Secretary General, Aidan WHITE.

    Speaking as a matter of General Principle, White asked us for "concrete data"
on the execution of ECHR's judgement on Adali case, in order to "look at it in
depth" and "make a formal statement", in comparison with the other Murdered
Journalist case, also pending at CoE's  Ministers for completing its execution,
on Ukranian Gongadze.
----------------------------------------------------
     From EU Rapporteur on Human Rights, vice-President of EU Parliament Liberties' Committee, MEP Giusto CATANIA, we were told that, since there is an ECHR judgement in both Adali and Gongadge's cases, "Turkey must naturally execute the judgement and make a full and efficient investigation, until those responsible for the Journalist's murder are found and punished".

    Even if "we (Catania's "EuroLeft" Group) support Turkey's EU perspectives, this does not mean that Ankara should not behave properly. On the contrary, it means that they have to meet tough conditions, particularly on Human Rights", was added on the occasion of Adali's murder case.

    Moreover, "since you raise the issue of Mr. Adali's muder as a part of a Series of Journalist's murders, including fex. Gongadze, Politkovskaya, ao., tthen we (EU) could also act together with CoE's Commissioner on Human Rights, Thomas HAMMARBERG, it was suggested.

    - "We (EU) must step up efforts against the problem of IMPUNITY : Real Peace cannot exist without Justice",  stressed also this week at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, French Minister on Human Rights, Mrs Rama YADE.
------------------------
                     

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