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Home arrow newsitems arrow Obama era's UN Cyprus' Envoy Eide Disregards even landmark ECHR Judgements on Human Rights ?

Obama era's UN Cyprus' Envoy Eide Disregards even landmark ECHR Judgements on Human Rights ?

Written by ACM
Friday, 21 July 2017
eide_july_2017_400

*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- It's not only on what really happened recently at Crans-Montana's UN Cyprus' Talks Deadlock, (widely attributed mainly to Turkey's refusal to withdraw its Invasion-Occupation Army and Drop Unilateral Intervention Claims when a Deal on Cyprus' Peaceful ReUnification would start), but even on landmark ECHR's Judgements on Human Rights in Cyprus, that Controversial, Obama era's UN Envoy, Espen Barth Eide, seems to have Disregarded Key Points, in a way Fiting Turkey's desiderata, several Facts apparently Reveal on 2017.


Eide, a Socialist former Minister in Norway, was appointed UN Envoy on Cyprus by former UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon back on 2014, i.e. during former US President Barack Hussein Obama's term of office, and was closely monitored by Controversial former US Under-Secretary of State, Victoria Nuland, (who became World-Famous for her Shady but Interventionist role in the Emergence of the Ukranian Conflict at Kiev), until January 20, 2017.


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 - A 1st Point notoriously concerns an Unprecedented "Hot" Dispute, Triggered these Days by Mr. Eide's initiative to Start Going  Public with Confidential UN sponsored Top Political Talks on Cyprus in Switzerland, including in an extensiveInterview at Newspaper "Politis", where he reportedly Claimed that Turkey might have Not totaly Refused, during last Weeks at at Crans-Montana, any Formula at all for Withdrawing its Occupying Troops from Cyprus, and Stopping Claims for Unilateral Military Invasions even in the Future, in Exchange of some Key Concessions from the Greek Cypriot Majority of the Island, (that he did Not name, Partly arguying about the "Very Confidential" nature of such issues, as he admitted).


>>> Such a Move not only appeared to Put into Doubt the Widespread impression, quite prevalent until then, that Turkey had provoked the latest Deadlock of UN Talks for a Solution on Cyprus' Issue, at Crans-Montana (Switzerland), mainly by Refusing to Withdraw its Occupation Troops from the island and Drop its Unilateral Military Intervention Claims in the Future, When a Political Agreement for a Peaceful ReUnification of Cyprus would be Signed and Enter into force, but even seemed to Contest what UN's Secretary General Antonio Guterres himself had Tried, at the Last Minute, to do in order to Save the Talks and Broker a Deal, as well as What Exactly were the Main Positions of the concerned Parties on that Key Point of "Security and Guarantees", during the most Crucial Stage of the UN-sponsored Talks.


=> In Consequence, inter alia, Cyprus' Government Spokesman, NicChristodoulides immediately Reacted, clearly Stressing that the main Reason for the Deadlock was Turkey's persistent Refusal to Withdraw its Troops and Drop its Unilateral Intervention Claims, if a ReUnification Deal is signed and enters into force. While Greek Foreign Minister Kotzias reportedly accused Eide to play he role of ... "Turkey's Press Officer" (sic). And Cyprus' President Anastassiades, appearing exceptionaly Upset and Sorrowed, reportedly Denounced as "Sad" for a UN Envoy, "expected to Protect International Law", on the Contrary, to Spread in Public such "Lies" on Delicate Core Issues (including Turkey's Military Invasion and Occupation of Cyprus), challenging him, if he insisted, to Make Public the Minutes recording what has been Really said at Crans Montana's Confidental UN Talks, (etc).


I.e. there where, the latest UN-sponsored Multilateral Top level Political Conference on Cyprus reportedly Revealed that Turkey was Alone to Ask for its own Claims to Unilateral Interventions in Cyprus to be maintained in the Future, while, on the Contrary, Both the 2 Other former "Guarantor" States at Cyprus' Independence (1960), the UK and Greece, were said, on 2017, to be Ready to Clearly and Unequivocally Declare that they Definitively Drop any such claims, as far as they are concerned.


Afterwards, Eide reportedly Alleviated a bit his Claims, Admitting Now that Turkey always Refused to Withdraw its Occupation Troops and Drop its Claims for even more Unilateral Mlitary Interventions in Cyprus, whenever an Agreement for a Peaceful ReUnification of the island would Start to be Applied. But he reportedly persisted to Claim, instead, that Turkey might have, eventually, accepted to, at least, Withdraw "Some" Troops and "Review" its Claim for Unilateral Interventions "Some Time" After the Entry into force of an Agreed Solution of Cyprus' issue, in Exchange of some More Concessions from the Greek Cypriot side, with the Parties bein Unable to Agree on the Timeframe, as he claimed.


But he did Not Say Neither what Ankara asked "in Exchange", Nor How Long its Invasion/Occupation Troops might still remain in Cyprus...  Press reports revealed that Turkey Wanted to partly Keep its Military Occupation during ..."15 (FifTeen) Years" More, even After Cyprus' ReUnification, withOut any real Guarantee that Turkish Army would effectively Leave the Country Later-on, Nor that Ankara will certainly Drop its Unilateral Intervention Claim...


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ECHR 2014 : "Any Form of Complicity in Unlawful Exploitation" of Refugees' Family Homes/Private Properties
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+ However, "Eurofora" found Unquestionable Public Facts, which Clearly Reveal that this was Not the Only such Dangerous Slipery Slope at Mr. Eide's Statements on Key Points of Cyprus Issue...


This is strictly Based on UN Official Transcripts, ECHR Judgements, and ICC Statute, etc.


- Indeed, Despite Eide's usually Pedagogical and Balanced Press Briefings, at least once, but on a Crucial matter, an Incredible "Lapsus" he committed earlier this year at Nearby Geneva, already since January 2017, threw ...Shivers accross the Spinal Cord of Anyone who knows well enough ECHR's main Judgements on Human Rights' related to Cyprus problem's core issues :

>>> Speaking at a Press Conference in Geneva, on January 9, 2017, (i.e., still during Barack Hussein Obama's Out-Going Terms of Office), and asked by a Collegue to "Explain the Modalities of the submission of Maps in the Territorial discussion", (which were kept Secret, by the involeved UN service), about the Each Party's initial offer for Future Outlines of each Federated State's Land, in the context of a ReUnified, Federal Cyprus, which, in Fact, includes also the "Hot" Issue of Real Refugees' Human Rights to Get Back Home and/or have Access to their Family Homes and Private Properties, as well as Return to their Ancestral Land, suddenly, Eide's observations went astray :

- After Reminding the Fact that, "for One Side, a big part of the Historical Trauma that people have been living with for generations is the loss of land and property where people used to live.  This is a Big Emotional Trauma for Many People", (predominantly Greek Cypriots Obliged to Flee the Turkish Military Invasion and Occupation since 1974, and Still Hindered to Return, until Now, on 2017), as he said, he went on to Add, here,  something Incredible :


>>> - "At the Same Time, today, a number of people have been living their lives NORMALLY (sic !)  for generations, 42 years maybe, in exactly the Same Place, ... (and) have now Established New Lives", Mr. Eide Claimed, (obviously Speaking about Turkish Cypriots and mainly Foreign Settlers, massively Imported from Mainland Anatolia (Turkey), under Control by Ankara's Invasion and Occupation Army, who notoriously Usurpated and still Illegaly Exploit Greek Cypriot Refugees/Displaced Persons' Family Homes and Private Properties)...       

- "So, we are dealing with an Issue which is Highly Charged, on Both Sides", Mr. Eide concluded, abusively Nivelling down those 2 Different Situations.

=> By doing so, he obviously Disregarded ECHR Great Chamber's Latest landmark Judgement on the "Cyprus v. Turkey" Inter-State case, published just 3 Years ago, on May 2014, in Strasbourg, (and still Pending for Execution at CoE's Committee of Ministers), which has Strongly Condemned Turkey for a Series of Massive and "Continuing" Violations of Human Rights of Greek Cypriot/Maronite People at the Territories Occupied by Ankara's Military since 1974 until Now :

 - Indeed, as that exceptionaly Important 2014 ECHR Judgement stressed, "it is Clear that the ...Government" of Turkey "is, in Any Event, formally Bound" by ECHR's own Earlier Rulings on Cyprus (f.ex. of 2001, etc), which, as it "Recalled", have already Slamed "a Continuing Violation" of Human Rights also "by ...the Fact that Greek-Cypriot owners of property in northern Cyprus are being Denied Access to, and Control, Use and Enjoyment of their Property, as well as any Compensation for the Interference with their Property Rights", as far as Real Refugees/Displaced People are concerned, from 1974 until Nowadays.  


- And, During a Long Period of Time, "this (ECHR's) Conclusion, which is Binding in accordance with the (PanEuropean) Convention (on Human Rights), ...has Not Yet been Complied with, (Neither) given Full Effect by the respondent Government" of Turkey, ECHR solemnly observed on May 2014.

=> In Consequence, ECHR's Great Chamber Strongly Denounced as "InConsistent" with its Case Law, "Any possible Permission, ... Acquiescence or other form of Complicity in any Unlawful ...  Exploitation of Greek-Cypriot Homes and Property in the Northern part of Cyprus".
 
>>> In Other Words : All those illegaly but Massively Imported Turkish Settlers from Ankara's Anatolia, into Cyprus' Invaded and Occupied Northern Territories, still held by Turkey's Foreign Military, and others who have Notoriously Usurpated and still are illegaly "Exploiting" Greek Cypriot Refugees'/Displaced Persons' Family Homes and/or Other Private Properties, are Committing something absolutely "UnLawful", according to ECHR.


>>>+ And, regarding those acts, "Any possible ...Acquiescence or Other Form of Complicity", "in Any (such) UnLawful ... Exploitation of Greek Cypriot (Refugees/IDPs') Homes and Property in the Northern Part of Cyprus", is "Not ..Consistent" with ECHR's Judgements, (Comp. Supra).                   

===>>> Thus, according to ECHR's case-Law, it's Impossible for Mr. Eide to seriously Claim, in Fact, that Foreign illegal Settlers (for whom CoE's PanEuropean Assembly has Repeatedly Denounced Ankara's blatant aim to illegaly "Alter the Demography of Cyprus", provoking also "a Political Obstacle" to its Peaceful ReUnification), who might have illegaly Usurpated and still Persist to Abuse and Steal Greek Cypriot Refugees/Displaced persons' Family Homes and/or Other Private Properties, i.e., merely Aggravated Cases of mere ordinary THIEVES, (according to well-known, Ordinary Penal/Criminal Law), might ...Simply be "Living their Lives NORMALLY" (re-Sic !!), as that Controversial, Out-Going UN Envoy, Scandalously boasted (Comp. Proof Supra) !...
 
By Abusively Presenting a Big and still Continuing Scandal of a blatantly Illegal, Massive Usurpation of real Refugees' Family Homes and/or Other Private Properties, while the Victims are Still Hindered to Return Back Home at their Ancestral Land, by Turkey's Invasion and Occupation Army, as it it might have been a so-called ..."NORMAL" way of "Living their Lives", for Massively and Illegaly Imported Turkey's Settlers, Persisting to Commit such Aggravated Usurpations, Thefts and Violations of Brutaly Chassed Away real Refugees/Displaced persons' Human Rights, Mr. Eide obviously Took another serious Risk to let Ankara Push UNO's Cyprus' ReUnification Talks at anOther Deadlock, by practically ...Assimilating all Thieves with their Victims !

In strict Legal and (a fortiori) Moral Terms, obviously, there is Not any Other Possible Conclusion, when one just Sees all those Crystal-Clear Facts, mentioned above :


- Mr Eide's 2017 Claim at a Key Issue of Cyprus' Problem, and ECHR's important 2014 Judgement, are clear and Undeniable Proof, (Comp. Supra).

Indeed, how is it possible to seriously put, Side to Side, and Treat absolutely "Equally", those who notoriously "Exploit" a "Continuing" Massive "Violation of Human Rights", as ECHR repeatedly Denounced with its Judgements in Strasbourg, (already since 1994, 1998, 2001, 2006, 20190, 2014, etc), and those who are the Victims, without Becoming, directly or indirectly, Guilty of "Complicity", as ECHR's 2014 Judgement Warned (Comp. Supra) ?


The mere Time Duration, (evoked by Mr. Eide's above-mentioned observation) does Not Reduce in Anything, but, on the Contrary, ...Aggravates even Further such "Continuing" Violations of Human Rights, as ECHR's well Established Case-Law has named them : Already, f.ex., among others, also the equivalent Extension of the Financial Compensations due for such Prolonged illegal Deprivations of Private Properties Brutaly Usurpated and Violently Prohibited to be Accessed by Greek Cypriot Refugees/Displaced persons to whom they Lawfully belonged, as well as Turkish Government's Negative profile at the CoE and elsewhere for its Persisting Refusal to fully Implement the relevant ECHR's Judgements as it has a Legal Obligation to do, indicates.

Otherwise, any such Violent Theft and/or Crime would Risk to become ..."Lawful" by Mere Passage of Time, while all its Perpetrators and Accomplices would always still stay in Total Impunity, obviously Threatening to Transform Europe and/or the World in a kind of UnStable "Jungle"...

A Fortiori when Real Turkish Cypriots, like, f.ex., Dissident Journalist Kutlu Adali, has been Brutaly Murdered, by 5 GunShots at an Ambush while Returning alone at his Home, in the Territories of Cyprus Invaded and still Occupied by Ankara's Foreign Turkish Military, and, Despite a Crystal-Clear Condamnation of Turkey by ECHR's Great Chamber in Strasbourg on 2004 (See, f.ex. : ...), nevertheless, during Many Years, until now, Ankara has Not yet Found and Punished Anyone (Not even 1 !) among those who Executed and/or are Responsible for that Cold Blood Murder of a Well Known Critic of Turkey's Policies to Massively Import illegal Settlers from Anatolia in Cyprus, and abusively Give them so-called "Nationality" on paper, (many among whom notoriously Usurpated and/or still illegaly Occupy Greek Cypriot Refugees' Family Homes and/or other Private Properties).

agg_on_murdered_tc_dissident_journalists_widow_intimidation_denounced_at_echr_400


Indeed, shortly after Turkey took over CoE's rotating Chair, particularly on Human Rights' issues, back on 2010-2011, "Eurofora"'s co-Founder, - who had been closely Following Adali's case since 1996, and even Conributed to UnFreeze ECHR's procedure (with the Help of New York based "Committee to Protect Journalists"), at a Crucial Moment of alleged Threats against the Widow of the Murdered Journalist, pressured to Drop the case, (who had Protested by Letters to ECHR that we found and Published in Strasbourg on 2000), attended and Published on ECHR's Hearing in Strasbourg on 2002, as well as on CoE's Committee of Ministers' Efforts to Implement the subsequent Judgement which strongly Condemned Ankara, f.ex. on 2006, 2010, etc : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/journalistsmurdersadalihrantding.html - was Not able to Find Any notable Follow-up at the Competent CoE's Committee of Ministers Official Infos... All these Facts obviously indicating that All the Murderers, and those who Instigated that Brutal Killing, still Remain Totaly UnPunished ! (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/adalimurderinvestigationstopedwhenturkeychairscoe.html)

agg_on_adali_murder_hearing_by_echr_tcw_400


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+ ICC Statute : "War Crimes" ?
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icc_logo__map_wikipedia_400


+ Moreover, concerning the above-mentioned observations by Mr. Eide, the International Criminal Court, which acts in case of National Courts' Failure or at the demand of UN Security Council or of individual State(s), has a Crystal-clear Statute, which strictly Condemns :  


- Usurpations of Properties in Occupied Territories, Chassing Away their original Population, and/or systematically Importing there Foreigners from the Occupying Power's Mainland, as Triple "War Crimes" ! [See: Article 8 (2) (a) (iv) + (vii), and (b) (viii) ].     

 
=> Even if Turkey is among those Few Countries who stubbornly Refused to Sign ICC's Statute, nevertheless, the International Criminal Court's treaty already has 124 Member States, and was Initialy Signed by even More Countries, (including all EU Member States), being HeaQuartered at Hague, Netherlands, as also UNO's International Court of Justice), so that no UN Official could ever Claim to Ignore such a Key part of International Law...


--------------------------------------


Eide had given the impression to be "in a Hurry" already Earlier, since 2016's End and the Beginning of 2017, during which Obama's term Finished, while the  Norwegian is expected to Run as Candidate in the forthcoming National Elections to Oslo's Parliament, scheduled for September 11.


Such an alleged "Hurry" naturaly Fits well Turkey's obvious trend to Hastily Push for a so-called "Final" Move on Cyprus' issue, let it Crash, and, then, Claim that it would be ...Impossible to Solve it, in order to Impose its Long-Standing Partitionist aim, by Asking, sooner of later, to gradualy "Recognize" the Invasion/Occupation regime of the Northern part of Cyprus, illegaly held by Ankara's Foreign Troops since 1974, despite several UNO's Resolutions asking for Turkish Military Withdrawal.


-------------------------------------------


On September 11, 2017, Eide is expected to re-Join the Socialist Party, back in Norway, for a National Parliamentary Election, that, according to most Polls, it's currently Unable to win, unless it Sticks together with a "Centrist" Party, which had, Traditionaly, Always cooperated with the Conservatives, except Only Once, Before 2013, when it had made an U-Turn towards the Socialists, subsequently being DownVoted on the 2013 Election, won by the current, Conservatives-Rightists Governing Coalition, but Marking Now an Unexpected, Sharp Upward Movement in recent Polls, just after its current Chief (son of a Biologist) stressed Further an Anti-EU and "Nationalist" Agenda (according to "Wikipedia"+, citting a recent INTW).


=> Should such an Atypical, obviously Opportunistic (Comp. Supra), so-called "Nationalistic" U-Turn, among Mr. Eide's pals, go as far Against fundamental International Law principles on War Crimes, and even on core Human Rights, clearly enshrined in the case of Cyprus by ECHR ?


That above-mentioned "Center Party"'s so-called "Nationalistic" U-Turn on 2017, (comming shortly after also anOther Political U-Turn towards the Socialists, condemned by most Norwegian People at the Latest, 2013 Election), seems to be, in fact, a desperate Attempt by a Traditionaly "Agricultural" Popular Base, to Oppose itself mainly to ... Meat and Cheese Imports, that they Seek to OverTax for "Protectionist" aims in Economy ...


I.e., in Fact, this has Nothing to do with Human Rights' International Law, and, therefore, Mr. Eide would be Better Advised to be More Careful and Avoid Risking his UN Envoy profile to be Compromised, in a way Exploited Only by Turkey's selfish Interests alone.


(../..)

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(NDLR : Partly UPDATED)

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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