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Home arrow newsitems arrow CoE Social Rights Committee vice-Presidents to EF on Right to Work +Vocational Training developments

CoE Social Rights Committee vice-Presidents to EF on Right to Work +Vocational Training developments

Автор ACM
mercredi, 25 janvier 2017

 

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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- 4 Years of Investigations in more than 34 Countries by PanEuropean CoE's Social Rights Committee, clearly designated the Right to Work and Vocational Guidance/Training among the most Important Problems Nowadays, as anounced its 2 vice-Presidents, Monika Schlachter and Professor Petros Stangos and Monika  Schlachter, who Highlighted key aspects of the situation on these points in Reply to relevant "Eurofora"s Questions, during a Press Conference at the CoE in Strasbourg :


+ About 14 CoE's Member States, who have already Ratified CoE's New, "Revised" Social Charter, including a Collective Complaints' procedure, are practicaly dispensed from a Traditional Obligation to present, each 2 Years, National Reports of Implementation for Check, having, instead, a possibility to do so just each 4 Years, (i.e. inside a Twice Wider Time span), so that they were Not Included, Now, in the Present Round of Checks, (as, f.ex., the current Chair of CoE, Cyprus : 11/2016 - 5/2017), as CoE's Director on Reporting process, Karl Friedrich Bopp, explained, meanwhile, replying at another relevant Question by "Eurofora".

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- As far as it concerns the Social Charter's No 1 Article, about the "Right to Work", ESRC's vice-President Monika Schlachter, after Observing that several Violations and other Problems were found particularly as far as it concerns Certain "Problematic" Categories of People, including the "Elderly", etc., replied to an "Eurofora" Question about an apparent Difference between f.ex. USA's trend to let several People continue Working even at Ages unusual in Europe, (f.ex. in order to Benefit from their accumulated Experience, Reputation, Contacts, etc), and a rather Opposed Impression in several CoE's Member States, made it clear that, behind such Facts, lies an Important Debate about Employment Policies:

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- At a certain moment, some Governments had been Convinced that by Pushing massively Elder Workers to become Pensioners, this would Create Jobs for Young People, and Benefit the Economy. But, Afterwards, they found that it didn't work at all, and were left with a Lot of Costs for Pensions to Bear, without having enough returns from new workers, she Replied, in substance.


=> Therefore, such issues should be better addressed in another overall framework of a comprehensive, General Policy, which wouldn't limit itself merely into playing one category of Workers against anOther, but, on the Contrary, take them All Together into Account, in an Adequate way both for Social Rights and the Public Interest, she added later, also in Reply to "Eurofora"s above mentioned Question, Later-on.


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+ Moreover, Professor Stangos, the other ESRC's vice-President, Replied to anOther "Eurofora" Question on his Earlier observation that Vocational Guidance and/or Training might also "Change the Structure of the Market place", if, f.ex., Public Authorities might consider that it would Help Find Jobs, but, sometimes, People Complaint or Protest, if that might also, eventualy, Diminish the Level/Quality of Capacities that Workers might have Given Many Years to Build, pushing them unreasonably towards Lower Levels in the Division of Work:


- As a matter of General Principle, States are Required to Examine Each Individual Case, one by one, according to Each Worker's Personal Characteristics, i.e. withOut Imposing Ready-made Mechanical Solutions, he said in substance, (while, however, Abstaining from saying whether such Concrete Problems, as those Evoked above, might, eventualy, Exist in Real Practice, and how Serious might be their potential Consequencies, in fact).


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++ Meanwhile, speaking, Later this Evening, at anOther CoE Parliamentary Assembly's Debate on "Social Dialogue", including the Experienced President of that PanEuropean body's Social Affairs Committee, ChristianDemocrat/EPP MEP Stella Kyriakides, observed that, well Beyond some avoidable, eventual, excesses, Respect for Social Rights as that of Workers' Trade Unions, etc., can Help also Avoid the Risk to be Accused to Stay Far Away from Citizens' concerns, instead of Coming Closer enough to them.

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(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already Send to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap).

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 slovenian__croatian_presidents_at_coe_400

    The recent paradox of freezing EU Talks with front-runner Croatia, while continuing controversial EU - Turkey talks, despite Zagreb's acceptance of Refugees' Human Rights to return, that Ankara refuses fex. in Cyprus, while both have "Good Neighborhood" problems vis a vis Slovenia, or Greece, Cyprus and Armenia respectively, can it be justified by the non-fullfilment of EU criteria, as Slovenia says, or, is it "Double Standards" ?    

The question became unavoidable after statements by Presidents of Slovenia and Croatia, Tuerk and Mesic, respectively, to "EuroFora", exclusively or among Strasbourg's journalists this week at the CoE, on the sidelines of its 2009 Summer University for Political Schools, which topically brought them together as successive key-note speakers.


    Comming only a few Months before EU checks Turkey's compliance to its commitments on Cyprus, etc., scheduled for December 2009, this obviously has a special importance for the coherence of EU Enlargement's principles.

     Suspension of EU Negotiations is a normal consequence in case of a Candidate Country's failure to fullfil EU Conditions, such as "Good Neighborhood relations", stressed at first Slovenian President Danilo Tuerk, current CoE's chair.

    But, regarding EU's Criteria,  there shouldn't be any "Double Standards",  reacted Croatian President Stjepan Mesic, commenting the fact that Turkey's controversial EU negotiations continue, while they were recently "freezed" in the case of Croatia, an "unquestionably European Country", which oficially accepts to respect Refugees Human Rights, contrary to Ankara's notorious refusals or reluctance.                                       

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           - "EU itself has set as a Criterium (for EU Enlargement) the "Good Neighborhood relations",  and their absence justifies the "Suspension" EU Negotiations, (f.ex. with Croatia), because of a Border dispute affecting the territorial integrity of an EU Member Country, stressed Slovenian President, Danilo Tuerk, CoE's Chairman in office (May - November 2009), speaking to Journalists in Strasbourg including "EuroFora".    

Questioned earlier what "consequences on EU's Enlargement policy" can have the "Ban on EU Membership Negotiations", imposed to Croatia, Tuerk replied that "this question comes down to the fulfillement of (EU) Criteria for membership. One has to look at each Candidate Country ., from the point of view whether it fullfils the Criteria that EU has set. One of them are Good Neighborhood Relations, I'd like to remind. And also, there are other factors, such as Justice, Home affairs, Rule of Law, and others".


    - "Now, ..Candidate Countries are at Different Levels of fulfillement of Criteria", he observed.

    - " Croatia is obviously the closest to that. I'm rather optimistic : I think that in the coming Months we'll have an opportunity to look at all these issues constructively and hopefully we'll be able to make progress". "My main concern, at this point, is the situation in Bosnia : We haven't seen enough progres domesticaly. We haven't seen enough during ..political parties within their country.We need a New Energy, a new energetic move towards the Candidature for EU membership. "Other (Western Balkan) Countries (Serbia, Montenegro, FYROM, Albania) have been making soaring Progress, and I think that they should be ready, in a few Years, for the Candidate status".

    - "As far as the Western Balkans are concerned, .. nobody should be left outside" the EU, Slovenian's President concluded, ommitting to mention Turkey's controversial EU bid.

    - "This process may be seen as Slow, but..  Slovenia has also has also been exposed to various "Booms of Slowness" in our accession period. But now we can say that the process was relatively quick, because changes which occur after becoming EU member, are quite large, and they require proper Preparations before the (EU) membership becomes a new factor, an impacting line for a new (EU) member country".
----------------------------

EU "Solidarity" ?
------------------------------   

Slovenian statements made some participants from certain 3rd Countries as FYROM, etc. claim that "the Principle of EU Solidarity" would "produce a.. rising European Union Nationalism (sic !), against Non-EU Countries", as they said, asking unhappy foreign countries to form a "bloc" to exert pressure on the EU...    

But Croatian President Stjepan Mesic dismissed that, supporting "EU Integration", "after the Economy also in Political" issues, as "the achievement" of our times. In EU there is "diversity, but it's United", he stressed, "EU has to be United so that it can become a central factor of Peace" also at the surrounding areas, he replied.

croatian_president_mesic_ 

Speaking later exclusively to "EuroFora", the experienced twice President of Croatia, former President of the International "Non-Aligned" movement, denounced "Double Standards" in the way EU treats recently Croatia compared to Turkey :   

 - "I think that there shouldn't be Double Standards", stressed the Croatian President, in reply to a Question comparing the freeze of EU - Croatia talks, with the continuation of EU - Turkey talks, despite the fact that Croatia is an "unquestionably European country", while Turkey's EU bid is notoriously controversial.


    Mesic was reacting to the observation that, even if he confirmed his "respect of Refugees' Human Rights to return, etc. (See infra), nevertheless, EU talks are suspended with Croatia.. While for oher, controversial candidates, who refuse to respect Refugees' Rights to return, etc., as fex. Turkey does in occupied Cyprus and elsewhere, EU negotiations continue".

    - "I believe that Croatia's accession will confirm that all European Countries who fulfill all of the Conditions and achieve European Standards, have to join the EU. There shouldn't be any Double Standards", went on to add in reply President Mesic.

    In this relation, Croatia's President found "of paramount importance", CoE's "mechanisms enforcing ECHR's judgements"
    
    - "On Refugees and Displaced persons, the process will be completed only after the last person demanding to return will be allowed to do so !", President Mesic Croatia stressed earlier, setting a general standard of obvious importance also for otherr candidates, as f.ex. Turkey, often accused to exclude or heavily restrict Greek Cypriot Displaced persons' return to their Family Homes and ancestral land, provoke difficulties to Turkish-Kurd IDPs return to their home regions at the South-East, etc.

    Some "2.000 People are still reported Missing" in former Yugoslavia, for some Years, (as in Cyprus, modern Europe's oldest case, for 3 Decades. Nagorno-Karabach, Tcecnya in Russia, etc, more recently), and Investigations "will only be completed after establishing the fate of the last one of them", he added.
    
    Speaking earlier on "War Crimes", President Mesic stressed that "Leaders are responsible for (the) Wars (of the Past), not the People", and called against Impunity :  "Individuals have to be held Responsible for Crimes. International Penal Tribunals have to persecute those individuals", perpetrators of War Crimes, he underlined.

    Such statements naturally made Mesic rather popular at ECHR, whose President, French EuroJudge, Professor Jean-Paul Costa, looked particularly smiling when he welcomed him later on Wednesday afternoon, after Slovenian President Daniko Tuerk earlier this week.
           

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