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Home arrow newsitems arrow CoE Social Rights Committee vice-Presidents to EF on Right to Work +Vocational Training developments

CoE Social Rights Committee vice-Presidents to EF on Right to Work +Vocational Training developments

Written by ACM
Wednesday, 25 January 2017

 

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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- 4 Years of Investigations in more than 34 Countries by PanEuropean CoE's Social Rights Committee, clearly designated the Right to Work and Vocational Guidance/Training among the most Important Problems Nowadays, as anounced its 2 vice-Presidents, Monika Schlachter and Professor Petros Stangos and Monika  Schlachter, who Highlighted key aspects of the situation on these points in Reply to relevant "Eurofora"s Questions, during a Press Conference at the CoE in Strasbourg :


+ About 14 CoE's Member States, who have already Ratified CoE's New, "Revised" Social Charter, including a Collective Complaints' procedure, are practicaly dispensed from a Traditional Obligation to present, each 2 Years, National Reports of Implementation for Check, having, instead, a possibility to do so just each 4 Years, (i.e. inside a Twice Wider Time span), so that they were Not Included, Now, in the Present Round of Checks, (as, f.ex., the current Chair of CoE, Cyprus : 11/2016 - 5/2017), as CoE's Director on Reporting process, Karl Friedrich Bopp, explained, meanwhile, replying at another relevant Question by "Eurofora".

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- As far as it concerns the Social Charter's No 1 Article, about the "Right to Work", ESRC's vice-President Monika Schlachter, after Observing that several Violations and other Problems were found particularly as far as it concerns Certain "Problematic" Categories of People, including the "Elderly", etc., replied to an "Eurofora" Question about an apparent Difference between f.ex. USA's trend to let several People continue Working even at Ages unusual in Europe, (f.ex. in order to Benefit from their accumulated Experience, Reputation, Contacts, etc), and a rather Opposed Impression in several CoE's Member States, made it clear that, behind such Facts, lies an Important Debate about Employment Policies:

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- At a certain moment, some Governments had been Convinced that by Pushing massively Elder Workers to become Pensioners, this would Create Jobs for Young People, and Benefit the Economy. But, Afterwards, they found that it didn't work at all, and were left with a Lot of Costs for Pensions to Bear, without having enough returns from new workers, she Replied, in substance.


=> Therefore, such issues should be better addressed in another overall framework of a comprehensive, General Policy, which wouldn't limit itself merely into playing one category of Workers against anOther, but, on the Contrary, take them All Together into Account, in an Adequate way both for Social Rights and the Public Interest, she added later, also in Reply to "Eurofora"s above mentioned Question, Later-on.


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+ Moreover, Professor Stangos, the other ESRC's vice-President, Replied to anOther "Eurofora" Question on his Earlier observation that Vocational Guidance and/or Training might also "Change the Structure of the Market place", if, f.ex., Public Authorities might consider that it would Help Find Jobs, but, sometimes, People Complaint or Protest, if that might also, eventualy, Diminish the Level/Quality of Capacities that Workers might have Given Many Years to Build, pushing them unreasonably towards Lower Levels in the Division of Work:


- As a matter of General Principle, States are Required to Examine Each Individual Case, one by one, according to Each Worker's Personal Characteristics, i.e. withOut Imposing Ready-made Mechanical Solutions, he said in substance, (while, however, Abstaining from saying whether such Concrete Problems, as those Evoked above, might, eventualy, Exist in Real Practice, and how Serious might be their potential Consequencies, in fact).


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++ Meanwhile, speaking, Later this Evening, at anOther CoE Parliamentary Assembly's Debate on "Social Dialogue", including the Experienced President of that PanEuropean body's Social Affairs Committee, ChristianDemocrat/EPP MEP Stella Kyriakides, observed that, well Beyond some avoidable, eventual, excesses, Respect for Social Rights as that of Workers' Trade Unions, etc., can Help also Avoid the Risk to be Accused to Stay Far Away from Citizens' concerns, instead of Coming Closer enough to them.

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(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already Send to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap).

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ECHR's President to "EuroFora" on Journalists Gongadze and Adali murders : Principles must apply to all States, without discrimination.


+ ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression (See below).


 European Court of Human Rights' President, Jean-Paul Costa, questioned by "EuroFora" on Journalists' murders, as in Gongadze and Adali's cases etc., strongly stressed all CoE Member States' obligation to make efficient Investigations to find and punish those responsible, and underlined that ECHR's case-law's principles must apply to all without any discrimination.

His call was clearly supported by various Top MEPs who denounced a risk of "Double Standards" if some Journalists' murders are investigated, while others don't.

To avoid such risks, CoE's Parliamentary Assembly adopted a Resolution, on the occasion of Ukranian Journalist Gongadze's murder, "stressing", as a matter of general Principle, "the importance it attaches to the safety of Journalists and political activists, especially those linked to opposition groups, in ALL member states of the CoE". All "crimes against journalists and political activists must be investigated ... as a matter of priority, without political interference".

Costa was replying to "EuroFora"s question on the fact that, after CoE's Committee of Ministers, also CoE's Assembly had just adopted a Resolution on Gongadze murder case, based on an ECHR's judgement of 2005, asking a full Investigation from Ukraine, who has found and condemned  in 10 years of jail 2 executants, but not yet the instigators.

While nothing similar was yet done for dissident Turkish Cypriot Kutlu Adali's murder, with 5 bullets shot at his head out of his Family's home in the territories of Cyprus occupied by Ankara's army, despite another ECHR's judgement of the same year 2005, and despite Turkey's claim that nobody was found among those responsible for the murder, and that there was nothing more to do..

In order to be credible and efficient, CoE's mechanisms shouldn't find a way to at least ask for full investigations of all Journalists' murders anywhere they might be committed, without exceptions ?

adali_gongadze


- "On the larger question that you raised, I'd like to say, since we are in a period of stock-taking on ECHR's 50 Years, that the Court's case-law developed certain concepts ....such as the Positive obligations of States, part of which are also the procedural obligations", started to reply ECHR's President.

 - "Whenever Journalists, Lawyers, Defenders of Human Rights, or even simple Citizens are murdered, the States are held responsible, not only if its their own security forces' agents who committed these murders, but also if they didn't make sufficiently substantial and efficient Investigations", he stressed.

- "I want to strongly underline that we (ECHR) have found in many cases numerous violations of Articles 2 and 3 against States, ....(about) murders or torture, ...because they didn't make enough Investigations in order to try to find and punish those responsible".

- "We (ECHR) do that vis-a-vis all 47 (CoE) Member States, without any discrimination".

"Naturally, the circumstances in each particular case may be differend, and we can't ommit to apply the rules of proof, or the rules of criminal procedure".

"But we try, by all means, to apply these principles of our case-law, to all States", he concluded.

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      Costa's call was strongly supported by several Top CoE MEPs, from various Political areas


- "To investigate the murder of one Journalist, and not of another, looks like Double Standards", denounced the President of EuroLeft Group in CoE's Assembly, Dutch MEP Tiny Cox.  

- "What is the reason ? Politics or specificity of a case ? Of course, if Cyprus and Turkey are involved, it's always a Political case"..

- "Murders of Journalists should always be fully investigated, because killing Journalists is not only killing persons, but also killing Free Press".  "We (CoE's Assembly) should do our outmost to help People who are working on Free Press and they are under threat or murdered".

Because for Free Politics, Free Press is a pre-requisitive : Parliamentarians  cannot  function without a Free Press. Not investigating, is not protecting ourselves".

So we should investigate all Journalists' murders : We are talking about Gongadze, about the Cypriot man (Adali), about the Journalist murdered in Moscow one week ago, etc", Cox concluded

- "CoE can' look at these cases differently. CoE can't wear Blinckers  !".
- "If the one is investigated, so has to be also the other. Why there wasn't full investigation ? Why's that ?", wondered British  Socialist MEP, Alan Meale.

- "A good idea" would be to "make a Motion for Resolution", and "join all Journalists' murders. Adali and Gongadze etc", said to "EuroFora" EU Parliament Political affairs Committee's President, Goran Lindbland, ChristianDemocrat MEP from Sweden.


(See also earlier News at "EuroFora" on similar issues).
-------------------------------

ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression :


    Almost Half of condemnations by ECHR for violations of Freedom of Expression in 2008, concern Turkey : 20 out of a total of 48 for all CoE's Member States.

    Russia, Poland, France and Moldova were condemned only 3 times. Romania, Greece, Portugal, 2 times, and the other CoE Member States only 1 time, or none.
--------------------
    During the last Decade : 1998 - 2008, Turkey was condemned for violating Freedom of Expression in ..169 cases, while Austria only in 24.

    France and Moldova in 14 and 13, respectively, closely followed by Russia and Poland with 11 and 10, respectively. The rest of CoE Member States had less than ten condemnations.    
    

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