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Home arrow newsitems arrow EUParliament: Snowden slams NSA Opponents' Discrediting as Spying targets Sarkozy after Russia call

EUParliament: Snowden slams NSA Opponents' Discrediting as Spying targets Sarkozy after Russia call

Written by ACM
Monday, 10 March 2014

 

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*Strasbourg/- A last-minute decision by MEPs to discuss Mass Surveillance Whistleblower, Edward Snowden's, replies to EU Parliament's Questions, before a Debate and Vote in Plenary, Tomorrow (Tuesday) and Wednesday in Strasbourg, timely revealed NSA a.o. attempts to "Destroy the Reputation and Discredit" Political Dissidents  and other Persons "targetted because of their Political Beliefs and Activism", "on the basis of (their) Private Communications", shortly after an astonishing wave of Press Leaks with various Tape Recordings of unknown origin hardly hit and targetted former French President Nicolas Sarkozy and his entourage, even Wife and private, Family Life, almost at the same time that his Lawyer's office was searched and even his Professional Phone confiscated, shortly after it was revealed that Sarkozy and several former Elysée Top Officials or Ministers have been submitted to Surveillance soon after  a New Socialist Government got in office,  provoking a Row at the eve of crucial Municipal and European Elections from March to May 2014.

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    The unprecedented move closely followed an important and topical Political Speech by Sarkozy in Berlin, at the Adenauer Foundation, on an invitation by its Head, former EU Parliament's President Hans Gert Poettering, long-time Chair of the ChristianDemocrat/EPP Group of MEPs, where he launched, on February 28th, a vibrant call Warning against current attempts to push the EU to engage in a "Confrontation" and "Conflict" with Russia, on the occasion of the recent events at Ukraine and Crimea, which would have "Catastrophic" consequences for both, and would dangerously undermine Peace and Stability in a European area which had just recovered from 1 Century of "Hot" and "Cold" Wars' Divisions and Destructions.

    The still very Popular French Politician, - who has notoriously played, already, a crucial role in the Past, in preventing further escalation and War which risked to spread widely, between Russia and Georgia, back on August 2008, when he rushed immediately to visit Moscow and Tbilisi, succeeding to Stop Deadly Military Clashes at the last minute, as EU Chairman in office then, while Brussels was empty from all EU Officials, absent on Summer Holidays - was exceptionaly speaking in Public, in front of several Media and transmitted by a TV station, for the 1st Time in 3 Years since his voluntary retreat from Politics after the controversial 2012 National Elections in France.  Comming just a few Days before Crucial, Strategic choices at an exceptional ChristianDemocrat/EPP Summit in Dublin, and an EU Heads of State/Government Summit in Brussels focused precisely on the Ukraine and Russia issue, Sarkozy's unexpected, last-minute move, (which was significantly preceded also by an exceptional, 1 Hour long, meeting with German Chancellor Angie Merkel at her Prime Ministerial Office), apparently contributed into inciting the EU to initially keep a rather reserved attitude, at least for the moment, vis a vis USA President Obama's rush for Sanctions against Russia.


    In the meantime, at the eve of the above mentioned Summits, (at about 5  and 6 March) i.e. only a few Days after Sarkozy's call (largely disseminated among the Medias), suddenly, an unprecedented Series of Compromising Leakages of various Tape Recordings reportedly containing many Private Discussions of Sarkozy with several among his close collaborators, even inside the Presidential Elysée Palace, during his term of office (2007 - 2012), but including even his own Wife and Private Life, etc., broke out in many Media, often with full Transcripts and even Audio Copies of the Recordings, choosing particularly a variety of points obviously intended to be abused in attempts to Discredit the former French President, provoking a row in France and elsewhere,  affecting or even shocking a lot of People. Even if they had reportedly copied some Note-taking Recordings routinely done Years ago by a close Sarkozy's political counsellor, Buisson, (targetted by Critics who accuse him to be Ideologicaly too "Rightist" for their taste), nevertheless, it still remains Unknown who and how their Contents were Capted by Other Persons, who obviously copied them, selected what they found to be more compromising, and leaked them to the Press : Some claimed that this might have been done by abusing of copies already taken by some French Judges in the course of certain proceedings targetting Buisson and/or even Sarkozy himself, (who has often complained against Harassment from State Agents since the entry into office of his successor, Socialist President Hollande). But most of the concerned Media denied that, leaving the Question of the real Origin of such Tapes, of their Copying, and of their  illegal Transmissions, wide open...

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    + Moreover, by an astonishing "Coincidence", Sarkozy's main Lawyer, Me Herzog,  was targetted by a controversial Judicial Search at his Office, as it was anounced almost the Same Day that the former President was Speaking on topical European Politics in Berlin for the 1st Time in Public after 3 Years. This including even a Confiscation of the Lawyer's Mobile Phone, reportedly "Unprecedented in the History of violations of Defence's Rights and of Professional Secret", while, in Addition, Revelations that, a year after the Socialist Party got the Government, Tapping and systematic, constant Phone and other Communications' Surveilance had been imposed against Sarkozy and his closest former collaborators at the Presidential Elysee Palace, including several former Ministers !

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    => -  Some "500 Lawyers were associated" to a written "Appeal" to the Government, launched by a Group of Famous Lawyers against "Risks for Democracy" provoked "by such Drifts"s and for the "imperial Necessity to protect the Professional Secret" which is "at the Foundations of Lawyers' profession", according to the "Association for the Defence of Penal Lawyers (ADAP)", while the Head of Paris' Bar, Pierre-Olivier Sur, reportedly Warned that "Our professional activities are put in Danger".  Earlier Today, France's "National Council" of Lawyers' Bars (CNB) slamed the State Authorities' behavior : - "If Rule of Law still exists here, such  Surveillance must be Cancelled", the collective body representing Lawyers' professional interests stressed, accusing the prosecuting Judges to have committed "an Abuse of procedure".

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        Sur anounced that he's going to lodge a formal complaint to the current French President, "as guarantor of Civil Liberties", while, on the contrary, other Critics reportedly wondered if Hollande knew, or not, about Sarkozy's surveillance, (almost at the same time that Snowden was notoriously concerned about US attempts to push EU States to refuse anti-surveillance whistleblower's demands for "safe passage" and/or asylum [See Infra], while Obama's and Hollande's Phone calls multiplied these days on the occasion of the differend with Russia over Ukraine events, after having discussed ICT Surveillance much earlier)...  

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 (Valls and Taubira according to a "JDD" Photo published Today on this issue).

   But, nevertheless, all such Lawyers' and MPs' protests were reportedly dissmissed by the controvercial Socialist Minister of JHA, Mrs Taubira, (who had provoked a series of Giant-Demonstrations with more than 1 Million People, last year in Paris, protesting against a Legislation which imposed unpopular Homosexual Mariages with a power to Adopt Children and Threatened Mayors who refused to celebrate such events personaly, with Heavy Prison and/or Fines, recently submitted to ECHR's control in Strasbourg by a group of dissident elected Mayors who complaint mainly for Violations of their Freedom of Conscience). Taubira and the Minister of Interior, Manuel Valls, reportedly claimed that noone among them didn't even know that a former President of the Republic, several Ministers and even his Lawyer had been put under constant "Surveillance" for many Months now, since "nobody informed" them...
 
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(Ed.Snowden at an ACLU Video published on March 2014)


     - "We learned only Days ago", that, f.ex., "Conservatives were ... Targetted on the basis of their Political Beliefs and Activism", when "NSA had made efforts to use .... material of the sort GCHQ was Collecting as a grounds for Destroying their Reputations and Discrediting them", denounced, shortly afterwards, Edward Snowden's Replies to various Questions raised by MEPs through EU Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, that it decided to start Discussing ToNight, at the eve of EU Parliament's Plenary Debate on Internet, Phones and Tapes' electronic Mass Surveillance, scheduled for Tomorrow (Tuesday) Afternoon, before Final Decisions in Votes on many Amendments tabled on a Resolution due to be adopted by the Plenary on Wednesday Noon in Strasbourg.


    + Such abuses can go even much further, as f.ex. when "GCHO compromised a Popular Yahoo service to Collect Images from Web Cameras inside Citizens' Homes", while "around 10% of these Images that they take from within People's Homes involve Nudity or Intimate activities", "this sort of Webcam Data (being) Searchable via the NSA's XKEYSCORE system, which means the GCHQ's ... regime was used not only to Capture bulk Data that ..most probably Violates EU Laws, but to then Trade that Data with Foreign Services, without the Knowledge or Consent of any Country's voting Public", he went on to add, referring to recent, documented Press Reports. ( http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/27/gchq-nsa-webcam-images-internet-yahoo )


    ++ Moreover, a "Report dated 2012, reveals that the UK Governent was Aware of ... NSA's attempt to use Sexually explicit material" against "Religious Conbservatives", "as part of a class that the NSA refers to as "Radicalizers", "indicating a Deepening and increasingly Aggressive Partnership", the World Famous Whistle-Blower's replies to MEP's questions also revealed.


    +++ "A few Weeks ago, we learned the GCHQ has Hired Scientists to study how to Create Divisions", f.ex. "among Activists and Disfavored Political Groups", "how they attempt to Discredit and Destroy Private Business, and how they knowingly plant False Information to MisDirect Civil Discourse", Snowden's list of various, recently published, concrete examples pointed out, ( https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2014/02/24/jtrig-manipulation/ )


    ++++ "Global surveillance capabilities are (also) being used on a Daily basis for the purpose of Economic Espionage.That a Major goal of the US Intelligence Community is to produce economic intelligence is the worst kept secret in Washington"; he added in response to EU Parliament's Shadow Rapporteur, MEP Cornelia Ernst's Question. F.ex., In September, we learned the NSA had successfully targeted and compromised the world's major financial transaction facilitators, such as Visa and SWIFT, which released documents describe as providing "rich personal information," even data that "is not about our targets" (http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/spiegel-exclusive-nsa-spies-on-international-banktransactions-a-922276.html). .... In August, we learned the NSA had targeted Petrobras, an energy company (http://g1.globo.com/fantastico/noticia/2013/09/nsa-documents-show-united-states-spiedbrazilian-oil-giant.html). ... Australia's DSD targeted Sri Mulyani Indrawati, a finance minister and Managing Director of the World Bank (http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/18/australia-tried-to-monitor-indonesianpresidents-phone).


    => Thus, "recently, Governments have Shifted their talking points from claiming they only use mass Surveillance for "National Security" purposes, to the more nebulous "valid Foreign Intelligence purposes", Snowden concludes.  

   
    So that "Report after report has revealed Targeting of "G-8" and "G-20" -(Heads of State/Government) Summits. Mass Surveillance capabilities have even been used against a  (UNO's) Climate Change Summit" ! , he denounced, while "the alleged operations against Belgacom, SWIFT, the EU as an Institution, the United Nations, UNICEF, and others, based on documents I provided,  have actually occurred", he confirmed.

    >>> - "If You were Targeted, on the basis of your Political Beliefs, would you Know?  If they sought to Discredit you, on the Basis of your Private Communications, could you Discover the Culprit, and Prove it was them?", wondered Snowden, Topicaly raising Questions,


 that certainly f. President Sarkozy and others would legitimately medidate now after the recent incidents (Comp. Supra), after which, both his Wife, former France's 1st Lady and famous Singer Carla Bruni-Sarkozy was obliged to Urgently lodge a Complaint in the Courts against the Publication of her Private Life-related personal Data by a scandal-mongering Media, while one of hs Counsellors complained against a controversial move over his own personal notes by the Minister of Justice of the current Socialist Government, and several Lawyers started to denounce alleged "Violations of many (Legal) Principles", etc...

     - "And you are Parliamentarians. Try to imagine the Impact of such activities against ordinary (EU) Citizens, without power, privilege, or resources" : ". I don't want to outpace the efforts of Journalists, here", but "I expect similar operations Will be Revealed in the Future that affect many more ordinary Citizens", Snowden Warned MEPs in this regard.

---------------------------------------------
    
    - However, "the Good news is that there are Solutions !", positively finds the World's most famous whistle-blower :

    (A) "The international community must agree to Common Standards of Behavior", from a Legal and Political point of view, since, f.ex. "the French will not be Safe from mass surveillance until mericans, Argentines, and Chinese are as well", he observed. In addition, "better Oversight could (is) always performed by Opposition Parties, as under the Democratic model", "Additionally, we need better Whistleblower Protections, and a new commitment to the importance of International (political) Asylum. These are important Safeguards that protect our collective Human Rights, when the laws of National governments have Failed".

    
    (B) "And jointly Invest in the development of New Technical standards to Defend against mass surveillance" : F.ex., "the Weakness of mass Surveillance is that it can very easily be made much more Expensive, through Changes in Technical standards: Pervasive, end-to-end Encryption can quickly make indiscriminate surveillance impossible on a CostEffective basis", Snowden suggests.     
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      >>> At any case, "European governments, which have traditionally been Champions of Human Rights, should Not be Intimidated", the World-Famous Internet Spying Whistle-Blower incited.

    - Meanwhile, replying to another Question by EU Parliament's co-Shadow Repporteur Jan Philip Albrecht, he acknowledged that he does "Seek EU (Politcal) Asylum". - "But I have yet to receive a positive response to the requests I sent to various EU member States. Parliamentarians in the national governments have told me that the US, and I quote, "will Not Allow" (sic !) EU partners to offer political asylum to me, which is why the previous (EU Parliament's) Resolution on Asylum ran into such Mysterious Opposition", he denounced.     


    - At least now, "I would Welcome any offer of Safe Passage or permanent asylum, but I recognize that would require an act of extraordinary Political Courage" by a European Government, he observed, spêaking from Russia...
    
    - However, "in the face of the extraordinary campaign of Persecution brought against me by my the United States Government on account of my Political Beliefs, which I remind you included the grounding of the President of Bolivia's Plane by EU Member States, an increasing number of national Governments have Agreed that a grant of political Asylum is Lawful and appropriate", at the same time that "Polling of Public Opinion in Europe indicates I am Not Alone in Hoping to see EU Governments agree that blowing the Whistle on Serious Wrongdoing should be a Protected Act", Snowden concluded, in reply to another Question by EUParliament's Shadow co-Rapporteur Timothy Kirkhope

,
    after denouncing the fact that current US "President Obama", when he "reformed a key executive Whistleblower regulation" back on "2012",  "it Exempted Intelligence ommunity contractors such as Myself. The result was that individuals like me were left with No proper Channels" of protection as Whistle-blowers, replying also to Dutch Liberal MEP EUParliament's Shadow co-Rapporteur Sophie Int'Veld, whether there "are ...adequate procedures in the NSA for Staff to Signal Wrongdoing", or not.

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CoE's Committee on Media swifts from Moscow ... to Paris on Snowden-related move ?!
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    Meanwhile, CoE officially revealed in Strasbourg last Friday afternoon, that an important Meeting of its PanEuropean Assembly's Committee on Media's Freedom, initially Scheduled at Moscow for this Monday to Tuesday, March 10 -11, in order to Discuss and Vote also to adopt a crucial Report drafted by the New Head of Germany's Delegation to the CoE, MEP Axel Fischer, of the main Governing ChristianDemocrat Party CDU/CSU, on the "Protection of Internet Users", (Comp. Axel Fischer's relevant Statements to "EuroFora", part of which was earlier published at : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/euparliamentpresidentonsnowdenhearing.html ), was suddenly ... transferred from Russia to Paris !
    
    Was it, in fact, because (Ukraine events' Pretext perhaps added), as the new Head of the German Delegation to the COE's PanEuropean Assembly had warned "EuroFora" since January, there was an initial intention to try to find some practical ways to have, at last, a Direct Contact with Edward Snowden himself at Moscow, (that some would like to Hinder) ?    


    No CoE Officer from its Cultural and Media Committee was available this Afternoon in Strasbourg for any Comment on this Strange, last-minute Change, (contrary to the custom to always leave a Contact present at CoEs Headquarters whenever a Committee meets elsewhere)...

(../..)

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(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already sent to "EuroFora"s Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version may be published asap).


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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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