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Αρχική arrow newsitems arrow Biden lost Last Chance to Verify 2020 Vote +SCOTUS VPresident slams Citizens Confusion+Trust Erosion

Biden lost Last Chance to Verify 2020 Vote +SCOTUS VPresident slams Citizens Confusion+Trust Erosion

Έχει γραφτεί από ACM
Monday, 22 February 2021

 scotus_judges_thomas_alito_gorsuch_400

*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- Joe Biden has just Lost a Last Chance to get a neutral US Supreme Court Verification of his Notoriously Controversial alleged Electoral Results of Nov. 3, 2020, and SCOTUS vice-President Clarence Thomas Warned of "Catastrophic Consequences" (sic !) concerning "Erosion" of Citizens' Trust to the Electoral System, After a Series of Non-Motivated Rejections of 7 Law-Suits for "Writ of Certiorari" mainly against Pennsylvania (the Biggest "BattleGround", "Swing" State among 6, Key for the Overall Electoral Result), lodged by Don Trump's Team (2), Lawyers Wood (on Georgia), and Sidney Powell (on Michigan), Pennsylvania's GOP, Lawmakers, NGOs, etc

 The "Certiorari" Procedure (Unlike an Appeal) is based on Discretionary SCOTUS' Choices, Independent of Citizens' (Electoral and/or Other) Rights, and does Not pre-Judge or affect their Legal Rights or Court Cases in substance, Focusing on the overall Organisation of Federal Public Services for the General Interest.

Most Other Trump Team's Legal Complaints have been notoriously Droped, by Mainly Partisan State Judges, basically on various Procedural Pretexts, Not on the Merits.

=> So, at least Some among 8 Legal Complaints lodged to the US Federal Supreme Court, (from which reportedly still Remains Only 1 concerning Wisconsin State, while Other Pending Issues have Not Yet Found their Road to the SCOTUS), had a Particular Importance, by, at last, Offeding to USA's Highest Court a real (Even if InComplete yet) Opportunity to Eventualy Judge on the Merits at least Some among the most Serious Problems Notoriously Faced in that Bumpy Nov. 3 2020 US Presidential Election Row.

- <<Elections are “of the most Fundamental Significance under our (USA's) Constitutional structure" because, >>Through them, We (the American People) exercise Self-Government>>, Stresed SCOTUS, f.ex. since 1979, as Vice-President Thomas reminded in a Disseding Opinion Publshed Today.

- "But Elections Enable self-Governance Only When they include Processes that “giv[e] Citizens (including the losing candidates and their supporters) Confidence in the Fairness of the Election", he underlined, pointing, f.ex. to a SCOTUS' case of 2006, according to which, “Confidence in the Integrity of our Electoral Processes is Essential to the functioning of our participatory Democracy”. On the Contrary, "Unclear Rules threaten to Undermine this System. They sow Confusion and ultimately Dampen Confidence in the Integrity and Fairness of Elections", he Denounced.

- SCOTUS' VPresident Published that on the Occasion of a Pennsylvania GOP's Lawsuit against alleged Fraud/Gross Irregularities in 2020 US Presidential Election, but Lawyer Lin Wood rightfully observed that it's, naturaly, "Directly on Point" with his "Georgia case" and "Sidney (Powell)'s cases in Michigan and Wisconsin", (Comp. Supra), etc+. Mutatis-mutandis, a Similar appreciation might Also be used on an Earlier Legal Complaint Notoriously lodged to USA's Federal Supreme Court by Texas and 18 Other States...

- Indeed, All of them were Droped under Strictly Procedural Points, and Not at all on the Merits of these Cases : Today's 7 Cases were Droped as "Moot", i.e. too much Delayed in Time. And the Texas' a.o. Lawsuit had been Droped for "Locus Standi" pretexts.

=> But, a most Substantial Consequence, throughout All these various Lawsuits, is that, at Any Case, Biden's alleged Election Claim was Not Proved at all to be True, (at least as far as the USA's Supreme Court is concerned), Remaining, on the Contrary, Always a Contested and UnCertain Question Mark !

+ In Addition, at the Present Cases, Biden's position is located on a Particularly Shaky and Doubtfull, UnStable and Negative Claim, which, Normaly, shouldN't have Enough Chances to be Admitted at all :

>>> Indeed, as SCOTUS' VPresident Critically Observes, in Pennsylvania, Recent and Controversial Changes had Imposed "In Mail" Ballots, i.e. "gave All Voters the Option of Voting by Mail" : Something that is Notoriously Considered as Dangerous for Fraud, (and is Even Excluded in CoE's "Code" for Electoral "Good Practices", established by the Competent "Venice Commission", where the USA are among its 62 full Member States : See http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coeexpertstoefonusaelectionflaws.html, etc).

+ Whenever it Might, Perhaps, be Exceptionaly Authorized, "In-Mail" Voting should be Casted at least "a few Days Before' the Electoral Day, stresses, in Addition, CoE's Electoral "Code", (ibid). But, in this Case, Local Authorities had Even Seeked to Authorize it, initially, until 8 p.m. of the Electoral Date...

++ Evenmore, a Last-Minute Addition had Extended the Reception of "Mail-In" Votes as Far as ...Until the 3rd Day AFTER the Electoral Day, (regardless of Any Post-Stamp, or not, from the Day 1)...

+++ As if this was not enough, Moreover, it's Not the State's directly elected Parliament which had taken such a Controversial Measure, (Despite the Fact that USA's Federal Constitution had clearly entrusted the Legal Competence to do so Only to the States' Legislators), But some (UnElected by the People) Executives, Adding even More Controversy ....

- However, Curiously, Even if, from the Start, such Lawsuit "Met" SCOTUS' "Criteria for Granting Relief", and "Parties did Agree, on Both Sides, that the Issue Warranted Certiorari", while "there was, Also, No Question that Petitioners Faced irreparable Harm", and "a Strong Argument" that a Pennsylvania Authority's "Decision Violated the (USA's Federal) Constitution", and "Petitioners Promptly moved for Emergency Relief", at the Beginning, since "September 28", (etc),

Nevertheless, Already, "Before Election Day" (Nov. 3, 2020), SCOTUS had Initially Denied a Motion to expedite" that case, "Although the Question was of <<National Importance", and there was a “strong Likelihood that (the State Authority's Controversial) Decision   Violates the Federal Constitution", VPresident Thomas Criticized....

=> In Consequence, at least "Now" (2/2021) there is "No (legitimate) Reason to Avoid" these Lawsuits, he judged.

>>> Because "that is Not a Prescription for Confidence" of Citizens. On the Contrary, "Changing the Rules (1) in the Middle of the Game is Bad enough. Such rule (2) by Officials who may Lack Authority to do so, is even Worse. When those changes (3) Alter Election Results, they can severely Damage the electoral system on which our self-governance so heavily depends. If State Officials have [ NOT ] the authority they have claimed, we need to make it clear. ... we (SCOTUS) Need to put an End to this practice Now, Before the Consequences become Catastrophic", (by provoking even W ORSE ?


According to public reports, one candidate for

"a state senate seat claimed victory under what she contended was the legislative rule, that dates must be included on the ballots. A federal court noted that this candidate would win by 93 votes under that rule"

 "A second candidate claimed victory under the contrary rule announced by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. He was seated"...

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- In Fact, things Became Nasty during "Recent Years", with "a Trend" towards a "Dramatic Expansion" of "Mail-in Votes" via the "Post" : F.ex. 0n 2018, Mail Ballots "composed Just 4% of those cast in Pennsylvania", while "Increasing in 2020 to 38% !", he Denounced.        

- But, "the Risk of Fraud is  <<Vastly More Prevalent>> for Mail-in Ballots", SCOTUS' VPresident clearly Warned, pointing, inter alia, to a "NYT" Article, where the New Dean to YALE Law School "explained that Absentee Voting allows for ... <<Alternatives to Commit Fraud>> on a Larger Scale", (f.ex. Stealing or Stuffing a Ballot box", etc), while "All the Evidence of Stolen Elections involves Absentee Ballots and the like" Nowadays... "Even Before Widespread Absentee Voting, a Federal Court had Reversed the Result of a state Senate Election in Philadelphia, after Finding that the Supposedly Prevailing Candidate had “conducted an illegal Absentee Ballot Conspiracy, and that the [election Officials] covertly Facilitated the scheme with the specific Purpose of ensuring a Victory for” that Candidate... + As for US President Trump he had Recently Explained that "Late Mail-in Ballots" Help Fraudsters by Revealing Where and How Many "Votes" they Need to Add in order to Win, (f.ex. as Biden announced himshelf, After the Electoral Night, in a Video Press-point on Pennsylvania, Boasting that InComing Mail-in Ballots will Continue to Give him a ...78% Majority at a Key County, until he Reverses Trump's Initially Winning Advance : See http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coeexpertstoefonusaelectionflaws.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/usa2020electoralfraudproofgrows.html).             

+ However, Fraud/Irregularities' Risks from "Mail-in Ballots" raise a Hard Problem for "Post-Election Litigation", because they are too Time-Consuming, (f.ex. in Checking Envelopes, Signatures [an Issue, however,Easily Solved by Romania, on Late 2020, thanks to the Registraion of "Electronic", Digital Signatures : See http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coeexpertstoefonusaelectionflaws.html], Disputes, etc, throughout Thousands of Ballots), at a period when Courts' Time is Short, given the "Tight" Post-Electoral Events' Calendar, (f.ex. with "Fixed" Dates for Great Electors' Certification, middle December, the Official Counting, by US Congress, of their own Votes for the Presidency, at the Beginning of Jenuary Next Year, etc), pointed out Justice Thomas.    

From the point of view of "Eurofora", we don't think that such a "Zeitnot" should be an Absolute Problem : As far as main Legal and Political Principles are concerned, the Priority should, Normaly, be to Ensure that People's Democratic Choice is Respected, (i.e. Exclude Fraud/Gross Irregulrities which might Undermine it). So that the matter of 1 Week or even Month, Sooner or Later, for the Final Certification of the Great Electors, and/or the US Congress' Official Counting of their Votes for the US Presidency, should, we believe, be considered as, Comparatively, Secondary, and be Adapted, according to practical Necessities, (considering that, at any case, a Full Presidential Mandate of 4 Years expects whoever will really Win that Election). The Number 1 Issue Always being to Ensure Respect for the US Federal Constitutional Principles Guaranteing Citizens' Trust, to the Electoral System Nowadays, and Not a Mechanical, "Blind" Transposition of some 1877 -Fixed (and Only 1945 Adapted) "Dates" for the Formalities... Therefore, it seems Logical and Natural, that, Whenever there might, Eventualy, be a Real Need f.ex. to exceptionaly Extend a Time    Deadline, and/or to Change a given "Date" for one or two among those Various Events, (i.e. as long as there might Still be Important Post-Electoral LawSuits "Pending" at the US Federal Supreme Court, a relevant Postponement of some Dates should, normaly, be possible...)

Anyway, SCOTUS VPresident uses the above-mentioned Argument about possible "Time Deadlines" Problems for Post-Electoral Judicial Control of Long "Mail-in" Voting Disputes (Comp. Supra), Not in order to Hinder, but, on the Contrary, in order to Incite the Supreme Court to Seize the "Opportunity", that it has Now, (i.e. once an "Orderly Transition of Power" has been just performed, while Important Pending Issues are Still Waiting, Ready to be Examined on the Merits and Settled, once for ever), in order to Judge those Issues, not only for the Present Cases, But Also for the Sake of the foreseable Future in Similar or even Identical Post-Elections LawSuits, which are Already Foreseable in the Immediate Future : i.e. 2022, 2024, etc., added to various individual ByElections, etc., as long as these Legal Electoral Matters are Not Clearly Settled yet...         

    + A Similar Trend, (Urging to Judge Now, instead of Skiping Important Pending Electoral Issues, leaving them UnSolved), is clearly Visible Also at the Following Dissending Opinions of 2 More Associate Justices, Alito and Gorsuch :

- Those 2 SCOTUS' Judges, (one Experienced, and anOther Young), Focus mainly on Slaming Dems' and RINOS' alleged Claim that "a Perfect Storm", as they Name the Circumstances of Nov. 3, 2020 Controversial US Presidetial Election, (which Added the Virus' "Pandemic", "Mail-in Voting" and "Postal Service Delays"), would be "ExtraOrdinary and UnPrecedented", to the point  to also be "Not Likely to Recur" in the foreseable Future, (i.e. remaining a "One Off" Event).

>>> Instead, SCOTUS' Judges Alito and Gorshus                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Argue, in Fact, that those Nov. 3, 2020 Incidents might act, also in the Future, as a kind of ...illegal "Virus", (one would say), adversely Affecting even Other Elections in the Foreseable Future, Because Dems' and RINOS'    Opposite Claim would "Fail for 3 Reasons" :

(1) First of all, "the Breadth" of that Issue is much Wider than what acknowledge Dems+RINOS : In fact, Any Local Court, (Often a ...Single Judge, usualy Apointed on Partisan Criteria), at Any among the 50 States, could "Override" Any "Rules Adopted by the Parliament" of that State "for the conduct of Federal Elections", (i.e. for the US President, the USA Senate and/or House of Representatives, etc), Nonobstant the US Constitution's General Principle that such an Important Responsibility is Reserved Exclusively for the States' Parliament's themselves. I.e. a Very Large and Vital Area of the Country's Electoral Life, could be Infected...     

(2) In Addition, such Problems are "Surely Capable of Repetition in Future" Elections, i.e. could Replicate themselves, Like a Dangerous Virus (sic !) : -"Indeed, it would be Surprizing if parties UnHappy with the (Electoral) Rules fixed by a State's Parliament, do ...not ask a State's Court    to Mutate them for something that They Find more Profitable"...

(3) Moreover, for that purpose, (i.e. that Law Virus' Replication : Comp. Supra), "it's Not Necessary to see a Recurrence of the Exact Circumstances we saw this Fall", "in order for a Question to be Capable of Repetition", Neither for "History to Repeat itslf at a very High Level of Specificity".

F.ex., mutatis-mutandis, a State's Court may "Find that Conditions at the Time of a Future Federal Election are materially Similar to those Last Fall".

Among others, "the Primary Election for Pennsylvania Congressional Candidates is Scheduled to occur in 15 Months, and the Rules for the Conduct of Elections should be Established well in Advance".. We may Hope, by Next Spring, the Pandemic will No Longer Affect Daily Life, But that is UnCertain"...

-------------------

    - However, if even that "New Virus", of "Legal UnCertainty", (Comp. Supra : Alito and Gorsuch's Disseding), is Not Timely "Vaccinated" by a Crystal-Clear SCOTUS' judicial Solution Nowadays, then, What happens Now with the Worse "New Legal Virus" : that of Threat for Massive Fraud/Gross Irregularities in EU Elections, (Comp. Supra: Thomas' Disseding) which Treatens to be Even Faster and Wider "Replicated", mutatis-mutandis, inevitably Provoking a Huge "Gap" in Citizens' Trust to the European Electoral and Political Governing System ?

    - Apparently, Nothing Good !... Nobody can Trust as "Healthy" a System which ...Abandons and Shoots Down Natural Human Immunity against any "Virus of Fraud" or other Sickness, Hinders even the slightest available "Therapy" Drug, Blocks, Delays or Abandons Any Real "Vaccine", (Pushing Only some Ridiculous "Snowman" or "Hibanjee" "Gene-Manips" of UnKnown Yet Effects, and which Scandalously Infect all the Rest of the World, by "Asymptomatic" Zobies), and Stubornly Refuses Any "Investigation" or even simple Public Debate, at least on the Existence of such a Deadly, Anti-Democratic "Fraud/Electoral Irregularties' Virus", and What Can be Done to Tackle it asap., (Preferring to Hinder, Block and Persecute all those who Protest, Ask for a Full Enquiry and Anti-Fraud Measures, Slander and Trap them, Murder by Gun-Shot, Crush to Death, Kill them by "Strokes", Push them to "Suicides" -including even Policemen, amidst a Wider "Witch-Hunt" Hystery- Arrest, Charge and Jail them, among a Larger Censorship and Muzzling of Dissident Voices even at Private, "Social Medias" at the Internet, (etc), Imposing an UnProven "Official Version" on "Hotly Disputed" Events, Throwing Dissidents' Personal Data by the Window, Exposing their Personal Data, Home, Family and Kids even to Thugs, Obliging them to Resign from their Jobs,  Spreading a Poisonous, Hysteric Neo-Cold War "Maccarthysm", with a Former People-Friendly "House" transformed into an Hostile "Buncker", added Fences, Barbed Wire, EveryDay Tight Curfew, 50.000 Soldiers with Heavy Machine-Guns, (etc), in Nowadays USA.

Loaded Guns pointed or even shot on Unarmed Protestors Murdered a Woman, another was "Crushed", while 1 Persecuted former Demonstrator was pushed to Suicide, added to at least 2 more Suicides among Policemen while "WitchHunt" Spread against Officers suspected t be -Pro-Trump, 3 Different Versions circulated on why Sicknck "collapsed in his Office" at a Late Hour of the Next Day, as 3 Capitol Police Heads were Forced to "Resign", Demonstators were Hindered to Meet and Speak to Any of their Elected Representatives, Heavily Equiped and Armed "Riot Police" Started to Violently throw to the Floor, Flash-Gas-Bomb and Kick Out All Demonstrators from Every Capitol's Premises (Gardens Included), an Immediate, since 6 pm "Curfew", was Imposed throughout Wash. DC, More than 50.000 Soldiers with Heavy Machine Guns, participated in such an UnPrecedented Military "Coup", with Fences, Barbed Wires and stict Interdictions of Circulation of any People until and beyond a Forced, Army-Backed, Inauguration of Biden on Jan. 20 through exceptionaly Deserted Avenues, After having Started Massive MaHunts, Slandering, Persecutions and Arrests of several Hundreds of former Demonstrators (Systematicaly pushed to immediately Resign from their Jobs) throughout the Country, and Many Jailed, even acting President rump's Personal Accounts to Social Medias were Permanently Suppressed, as well as for Many Other Political and/or Legal Dissidents Criticizing 2020 Electoral Fraud/Gross Irregularities (including Lawyers, Book Writers, etc), relevant Videos Blocked at the Web, Establishment's Medias systematicaly Censored any Mention of alleged Fraud/Irregularities in 2020 Controversial Presidential Vote Row, Bullying, Harassing, Muzzling, Attacking and Threatening Any Dissident Voice, (Even of Elected USA Federal Senators included), former President Trump, Lawyers, etc., were Persecuted, while Any Scheduled Official Public Debate in the Congress on the 2020 Presidential Election Row had been Immediately Stopped among Senators and Representatives, Contrary to the Notorious Aim of that Jan. 6 , 2021 Certification Process, Brutaly Interrupted and Hindered to Resume, Shortly After the First Exchanges,(Fully Registered by semi-official C-Span) Clearly Proved that Dems Seeked to desperately Avoid Any Public Dialogue, point by point, on concrete Facts and Arguments presented by Republicans on the alleged 2020 Electoral Fraud/Gross Irregularities... (which was Completely Muzzled after that Jan.6, 2021 Military Coup : See also http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/usacapitolclashonelectionfraud.html + ..., etc).                                                                                                                                -------------------

 

+ Moreover,  "an Election System Lacks Clear Rules when, as here, Different Officials Dispute Who has Authority to set or Change those rules. (F.ex. any State's Court, or the State's Parliament Only). This ...brews Confusion, because Voters may Not Know Which Rules to follow. Even Worse, with More than one System of Rules in place, Competing Candidates , Thomas Warned.

And severeal Recent Articles, including Published at New York Times, note the Fact that "Voting by Mail is, Now, Common enough, and Problematic enough, that Election Experts say there have been Multiple Elections (Recently) in which No One Can Say, with Confidence, Which Candidate was the deserved Winner !" (sic)...

=> "Because Fraud is More prevalent with Mail-in ballots (Comp. Supra), Increased use of those ballots raises the likelihood that Courts will be asked to Adjudicate Questions that go to the Heart of Election Confidence", he Warned.

>>> "But, ...an Election Free from strong Evidence of systemic Fraud is Not alone Sufficient for election Confidence", the Experienced SCOTUS' VPresident went on to Add :  + Because "Also Important is the ASSURANCE THAT FRAUD WILL NOT GO UNDETECTED !", he Moreover stressed.

+ In Addition, "the Issue presented is capable of Repetition" (Comp. Supra). Indeed, "there is a reasonable Expectation that the Same complaining party (GOP) will be subject to the Same action (alleged Fraude/Gross Irrgularities by Dems) Again", in the foreseable Future, he Warned.

=> It's about "Testing Allegations of Systemic MalAdministration, Voter Suppression, or Fraud, that go to the Heart of Public Confidence in Election Results", SCOTUS' Experienced VPresident underlined.

>>> "That is obviously Problematic for allegations backed by substantial evidence. But the Same is true where Allegations are incorrect. After all “[C]onfidence in the Integrity of our Electoral process is Essential to the Functioning of our participatory Democracy", Justice Thomas reminded, Pointing at "a Compelling Interest in rooting out the mere “Appearance of Corruption” in the Political process", (according to the World-Famous Ancient Moto that "it's not enough for Cesar's Wife to be Honest : She must, also, Look Honest !")...

NB => Indeed, "an incorrect Allegation, Left to Fester, withOut a robust Mechanism to Test and DisProve it, “Drives Honest Citizens Out of the Democratic process and breeds Distrust of our Government", he observed.

 - "Here, We (SCOTUS) have the Opportunity"..."to Address these admittedly Important Questions", so that "our Refusal to do so, by Hearing these Cases, is Befuddling !"... In Fact, "there is a clear Split (among SCOTUS' Members) on an Issue of such Great Importance", that "there is No Dispute that the Claim is Sufficiently Meritorious to Warrant Review".

+ Moreover, "the Issue presented is Capable of Repetition, (Comp. Supra), Yet Evades review", Even if "there is a reasonable Expectation that the Same Complaining Party will be subject to the Same Action Again.”... => In Conseqence, "one Wonders What this Court (SCOTUS' Dems + RINOS) Waits for ?"...

>>> "The Decision to LEAVE ELECTION LAW HIDDEN BENEATH a Shroud of DOUBT, IS BAFFLING !", SCOTUS' Experienced VPresident Denounced.

=> "BY DOING NOTHING, WE (SCOTUS) INVITE Further CONFUSION and EROSION OF VOTER CONFIDENCE", he Warned, in Conclusion.

 -  "Our fellow CITIZENS DESERVE BETTER and EXPECT MORE of us..."


    So, that's how BIDDEN's Controversial Presidency is, from Now on, CONDEMNED by USA's Supreme Court to be uncomfortably Sitting on "a Shrout of DOUBT" (sic !), "Leaving the Electoral LAW HIDDEN BENEATH" his back ... (CQFD : Comp. supra).

 

 

(.../...)

 

 

("Draft-News")

 

 

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
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    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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