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Αρχική arrow newsitems arrow Schaüble + Juncker to Eurofora, with Merkel : - Shift towards a Deep Europe ?

Schaüble + Juncker to Eurofora, with Merkel : - Shift towards a Deep Europe ?

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Δευτέρα, 18 Σεπτέμβριος 2017
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*Offenburg (Germany)/Angelo Marcopolo/- EU Commission's President, Jean-Claude Juncker, succeeded Today, on 2017, to IMF's Chief, Catherine Lagarde, who had been the Invited Keenote Speaker on 2012, together with German Chancellor Angie Merkel in Both cases, at a well-attended Collective Event for the Anniversary of the More Popular, according to Polls, Longest-Serving MP and Top Minister in Germany, Wolfgang Schäuble, celebrating 70 Years before and 75 Years Now, (as "Eurofora"s and other Journalists' Press Cards' proudly show : comp. Photo).
 
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Prestigious USA Newspaper "New York Times" had Found at that 2012 Event with Lagarde, a Proof for its Claim that "IMF" had got "increased Power" because of "€uroZone Crisis", (at its Highest in that Past), as the American Newpaper's Headlines boasted then...
 
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=> In Consequence, Nowadays, "Eurofora" could legitimately claim that, on 2017, (as Juncker has just Officially Declared in EU Parliament, just a Few Days Earlier at Nearby Strasbourg : Comp. f.ex. http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/euslamsturkeybutdecisionaftergermanvote.html), EU Commission President's presence at a Similar Event on 2017, would Indicate that "€uroArea" and all EU's Economy is Becoming Stronger, so that the Focus of "Increasing Power", points Now towards Europe's Franco-German+ core !
 
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Indeed, Schäuble's "GeburtsTag" Event, which had taken place 5 Years Earlier, Back on 2012, at a Theater in Berlin, Now, on 2017, it organized at the Nearest German City to Strasbourg : at Offenburg's "Reithalle"'s "KulturForum", (even with the participation of an .. Armed Group of Soldiers, from the Länder of Baden-Wurttemberg, with Impressive, Colorful Historic Clothes, and very Loud Gunshots, with which they Welcomed Schäuble, Juncker and Merkel)...
 
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 - Schäuble, who had initially Welcomed "Eurofora" with a Bright Smile, particularly when we reminded the fact that we came from nearby Strasbourg, carefully told us, later-on, that, frankly, he "Didn't know" if he would really Succeed to Boost the EU, and particularly its €uroArea, around its Franco-German+ core, But Agreed that, during the next years, there is really a "Hope" justifying to, at least, give it a try now...
 
Indeed, recently, Both at Reutlingen, during CDU BW's Annual Congress (Cf.: ...), and now, at Offenburg, he spoke so much about what may happen "During the Next Years", as he often repeated, that the Impression is strong that Schäuble may have something Important in Mind..
 
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At any case, Big, Central European Countries, such as Germany and others, have an Historic and GeoPolitical "Responsibility" to Care also for the Fate of Others, Including Medium-Small EU Member Countries, he added later in his Public Speech, noting that he "learned that from Helmut Kohl", (his Historic mentor).
 
And, Nowadays, we (EU) must pay Attention for "all Europe" to stand "Together", heading for a "Better Future", without hard Divisions, (f.ex. East-West and/or others), Schäuble added in this regard, as far as the General European Interest is concerned.
 --------------
 
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 - Juncker, speaking, meanwhile, also to "Eurofora", willingly confirmed that he was in favor of a Public Debate with EU Citizens on Europe's Future, Starting from 2018, as, inter alia, also the New French President Emmanuel Macron had suggested recently from Athens, Greece, (See: ...), even if it was, at least for the Time being, too early yet to know whether and how exactly this would really produce more or less "Positive" Results for European Integration.
 
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+ Nevertheless, in his subsequent Public Speech, EU Commission's President repeatedly Observed Schâuble's personal Interest, and frequent Contacts between his HomeTown, "Offenburg", and nearby "Strasbourg", (Seat of EU Parliament's Full Plenary Sessions, PanEuropean CoE's Headquarters, ECHR, EUROCORPS, EU Citizens' Defensor/Ombudsperson, "Shengen" Secretariat, ARTE European Radio-TV, etc), as well as his attempts to Bridge the Franco-German Borders throughout their Common River : Rhine.

Meanwhile, even Fast-Advancing Integration of Strasbourg with Kehl, via New Bridges (including for High-Speed Trains), Direct City Tram Links, a "2 Shores Garden" common area, Joint Initiatives for Jobs to Young People, Creation of Franco-Germano-Swiss Universities Unified "Euro-Campus" for Students and Scientific Research hailed by the EU, (etc), without forgetting the Idea of Millionaiore Media Publisher Hubert Burda (in whose Big Tower, here in Offenurg, lives Schäuble with his Wife, Ingeborg, who has Earlier confessed to "Eurofora" her astonishment for all those Urban "Changes") to create an "Internet Valley" accross the Rhine, (See, f.ex. :...), make Kehl's Mayor, Tony Vedrano (CDU) to positively Smile when "Eurofora" evokes a possibility to eventually create a kind of New European Capital somewhere around this Franco-German core EU area in Future...
 
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In practice, Juncker has just Fixed an Historic "Rendez-Vous" about Decisions on EU's Future, for immediately After the Expected "BREXIT" of the UK, from "March 2019", as he said earlier in EU Parliament in Strasbourg, i.e. in due Time for that to become a Key part of the Crucial forthcoming European Elections of May 2019.
 
 
 
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- Merkel, (who walked with a lively Smile, Greeting also "Eurofora" a.o.,  when she entered Reithalle's KulturForum, largely Applauded by a numerous Audience, extending throughout 2 or 3 adjacent Rooms), in her Speech on Schäuble, significantly Focused, First of all, to his Experienced, Key Contribution as a convinced pro-"European" politician, following, immediately afterwards, by his Role in the "ReUnification of Germany", (which, notoriously, Facilitated that of almost All Europe), and his Record-High, ...44 Years-Long "Parliamentarian" activities, ...
 
 
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Schäuble's Human relations, his Love for "Art, Music, Intellectual ideas, Culture", etc., have also contributed to create interesting personal links "Europe-Wide", she adds.
 
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- "Thank you, for what you have done for Germany and for (all) Europe !", Merkel saluted Schäuble in conclusion.
 
 
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+ Significantly, the German Chancellor, (who notoriously likes Symbols), revealed that she Chose to give Schäuble as a "Gift" for his 75th Anniversary, a set of Books with All the Writtings of an important Theologian, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, known mainly for having Decicated and even Sacrificed his Life for Values that he supported in all Europe and beyond, who was Killed by NAZIs just a Few Days before the 1945 Liberation of All Europe : To the point that his Statute figures, Nowadays, side by side with that of Martin Luther-King, etc., at London's Westminster Abbey, (i.e., there where all British MPs found Refuge during a Recent Islamist Terrorist Attack : See ...).

However, Schäuble, (who has, notoriously Succeeded to Inspire mainly "Stability" to most People, in Germany and all Europe), Ambitiously concluded, later Today, his Public Speech, by Addressing, with a Hopeful Smile, an Invitation to his Audience to come anew at his Next such Anniversary Event, when he will Reach ... "80 Years", i.e. on 2022 !
 
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Many German a.o. Medias speculated, these Days, about what exactly Might be Schäuble's Next Political Task, just After the forthcoming German Elections of September 24, 2017 :

Yesterday, the Liberal Party, a likely Ally of Merkel in a New Government for 2017-2021, surprized by Announcing its intention to Seek, this time, Not the Foreign Ministry, (as usual in Germany for Junior Allies in any Government Coalition), but, on the Contrary that of ... Finance Minister, i.e. what Schäuble holds for 9 Years during Merkel's Chancellorship.

Hypothesis published Nowdays, oscillated between f.ex., the Foreign Ministry, or the Presidency of the Bundestag, etc.
 
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And its true that Schäuble, initialy chosen by the Historic former Long-Time German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, as Director of his Office, (i.e. an Overview-providing Top Job), then JHA Minister, Negotiator for the ReUnification of Germany, Head of the Governing CDU/CSU's Parliamentary Group, Top Minister of JHA or Finances, at a Crucial period of €uroArea, and when Many notoriously Expect that it might Advance towards creating the Foundations of a possible EU's more Integrated and Stronger Core, with More Instruments and even a Security/Defense policy, etc., could also Serve in Various Other Top Jobs :
 
-  From a projected Job of EU's "Minister" for €uroArea, to Future EU Parliament's President After the 2019 EU Elections, or even that New Job in a Future "Unified" Presidency of Both EU Commission and Council, (as Juncker has just Proposed, while also Announcing, curiously, that he does Not intend to be Candidate personally), etc., a possible List may be Long...

Meanwhile, however, Merkel hastily departed, as expected, rushing to an Electoral Campaign Meeting at Nearby Freiburg, as scheduled. Schäuble confirmed that, playfully reminding also that it was the City where he had been Born !
 
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He is placed as Top Candidate, Number 1, in the Governing CDU/CSU List of Candidate MPs for the Baden-Wurttemberg Länder in the forthcoming, September 24, 2017 Elections to the Bundestag. And Schâuble's Party is due to WIn those Elections there, with about 42% of the Votes, according to Regional Polls, (Compared to about 38% Nationwide).

- So that, "We (CDU/CSU) are expected to Win these Elections", but, "shortly Afterwards, we'd have to Decide with whom we shall make a Governing Alliance", said to "Eurofora" the ChristianDemocrat/EPP MEP Axel Fischer, President of PanEuropean CoE's Parliamentary Assembly, (who is also from Baden-Wurttemberg):
 
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Among various possible Allies to Merkel's CDU/CSU's ChristianDemocrats, are notoriously Included f.ex. the Liberals and/or the Greens (for a Center-Right Coalition), if not again the Socialists (for another "GroKo", Beyond Right or Left), etc.

The "Greens" already Govern, Together with the ChristianDemocrats/EPP, at the Level of the Federated "Länder" of Baden-Wurttemberg, here, as well as, Recently, at Nord-Rhein-Westfalia (NRW : in the middle of 2017), in the past at Hessen, etc, according to an Idea suggested by "Eurofora" from 2010 (See, f.ex.: ...), and apparently Supported, in Theory, also by Pope Emeritus Benedict, particularly with his Landmark Theory about "Human Ecology", that he had Highlighted at the German Bundestag during his 2011 Official Visit, (comp.: ...).

But, this had been initialy Motivated by a Hope to Tackle strong BioEthical Issues, Crucial Today for Humankind's Future, (Comp. Pope Emeritus Benedict's 2009 landmark Encyclic "Caritas in Veritatis" at : ..., and "Eurofora"'s relevant Publications at : .... +...., etc), which have, Recently, been, Unfortunately, Bypassed, for a lage Part : F.ex. by "GroKo" Deals with the Socialists about Genetic Tests on Humans (from 2013), and/or the latest, surprisingly Hasty, 30/6/2017 Imposal of "Same Sex Marriage" between Homosexuals, including even Submission of Children to Homosexual Strangers under Pretext of "Adoption", etc., which provoke Risks for Shady Technocratic a.o. Lobbies to eventualy Take Control over Artificial Techniques for Procreation of Human Beings, Dangerous for all Humankind), etc.

While the Latter, still remains to be Checked by the German Constitutional Court, at nearby Karlsruhe, nevertheless, several Other Topical BioEthical Issues also Remain to be Tackled, such as the Atrocious Exploitation of "Surrogate Mothers", the Risk to Spread "Artificial Procreations of Human Beings", etc., as well as various, gallopîng Techniques of Genetic Manipulations on Animals and/or Foodstuffs, (f.ex. Plants, etc), but also growing Dangers of "TransHumanism", etc., where eventual cooperation might sustain the initial Stake on BioEthics (Comp. Supra).

However, just Yesterday, (on Sunday, 17 of September 2017), suddenly Chancellor Angie Merkel surprized by an Apparently "Anodynous" Answer to an Exceptional session of Questions/Replies with Young Kids  in Berlin :
 
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 - Her Favorite Head of Government would be ..."Erna Solberg of Norway", she UnExpectedly revealed, just 1 Week since the Center-Right Leader of the Norwegian Conservatives Won a 2nd Electoral Mandate ...together with a Rightist party !

That Successful Norwegian move towards a Unity of the Right, has Spread, meanwhile, also in Denmark (forthcoming CoE President for November 2017 - May 2018 : Comp. ....).

More Recently, also in Bulgaria, where ChristianDemocrat/EPP party's Boyko Borisov has Recently agreed a Government Deal with the Rightists of the "United Patriots", who "Droped their former Euro-Sceptiscist stance, endorsing now a Pro-European Agenda, since Bulgaria is due to Chair the EU from January 2O18", as Sofia's Ambassador to the CoE, experienced former EU Affairs Minister Ms Katya Todorova, has recently told "Eurofora" in Strasbourg...

And Juncker has just endorsed as New EU Commissioner for "Digital" Technologies, the ...Bulgarian MEP Maria Gabriel, Wife of a French EU Parliament's Officer from Strasbourg, former Assistant to ChristianDemocrat/EPP President Joseph Daul, and currently of New EU Parliament's President Antonio Tajani, well known to "Eurofora" since many years...

Germany's Rightists of the "Alternative" new party, got recently in Schäuble's Baden-Wurttemberg Region more than 15 %, and are often credited, Nowadays, by several Polls with about 11% or More, for the First Time at National level, i.e., perhaps, becoming the Biggest among the 4 Small Parties, and revendicating the 3rd Rank in the Future Bundestag, (just after the ChristianDemocrats and the Socialists).

Together with the Liberals and the Rightists, the ChristianDemocrats could now have a Very Solid Absolute Majority of almost 60% of the projected Votes on 2017 Elections, just with the Right side of the Political spectrum, (i.e. without any more Concessions to the Left, f.ex. to the Socialists or the Greens, etc).

Notoriously, however, there seem to still be several Big Differences between the "CDU/CSU" and the "Alternative" currently, as things stand until now.

But Changes may be Possible, as the Examples of Norway, Denmark, Bulgaria, and elsewhere in Europe, precisely shows (Comp. Supra)...
 
Already, f.ex., among others, even AfD's vice-President, MEP Beatrix von Storck, who had been Presented by Establishment's Medias as Radically Opposed to Merkel in the Past, on the Contrary, Recently, she Complained to "Eurofora" in EU Parliament in Strasbourg that CDU People "don't even Talk to us"...

I.e., at First Sight, the situation, mutatis-mutandis, looks Similar to that which had Existed in the Past between the ChristianDemocrats and the Greens until 2010 (See, f.ex. : ... + ..., etc), but Changed seriously After 2011 - 2013, so that Today, a, eventual "Jamaica" Coalition (CDU/CSU - Liberals - Greens) notoriously seems possible.

And Chancellor Angie Merkel has already proved that she's perfectly Able, when really needed, to make even some Spectacular "U-Turns", on Strategic Issues, (as, f.ex., her 2011 "Energy-Schift", on the occasion of Fukusima, etc).

Her sudden Sympathy for the successful Norwegian Prime Minister, just Yesterday (Comp. Supra), makes think ...  After all, could f.ex. Baden-Wurttemberg's River Trout Jump so High as Norwegian Fiords' Salmon ?

Such an Hypothesis could also Ensure Schäuble that he may remain at the Ministry of Finances (Comp. Supra), if he wishes, (where he has already proved an Important Capacity, inter alia, by Succeeding to make Germany have ... Zero Debts, for the First Time since the Era of 1960ies !).
 
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Inter alia, also the very Long and never-ending Queue of People patiently waiting to briefly Greet him, at the Conclusion of Today's exceptional event, reminded anew his Popularity...
 
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At any case, manifold Recent Developments, clearly confirm that, in the Aftermath of these 2017 Election, Frontrunner Merkel wil have, in fact, much More and Various Possibilities to choose, than what she used to have in the Past..., (Comp.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/germanregionalelections.html ).

That Choice should be Careful, but also Bold and the Best possible, as "the Next few Years", are also expected to be those during which Both  Merkel, Juncker and Schâuble will "Enter in History" for Europe.
 
 
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(../..)

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
-------------------------
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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