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Haupt arrow newsitems arrow Schäuble to EF after G20 Finance+EU Rome Summit's Eve: €uro to Strengthen Europe with its People

Schäuble to EF after G20 Finance+EU Rome Summit's Eve: €uro to Strengthen Europe with its People

Geschrieben von ACM
Samstag, 18 März 2017
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*Baden-Baden/G20 Ministerial Finance Summit/Angelo Marcopolo/- German Minister of Finance, Wolgang Schäuble, who Chairs now the "G20" Finance Ministerial Summit for 2017, Replying to a relevant "Eurofora"s Question, launched a Vibrant Appeal for the forthcoming EU Heads of State/Goverment Summit, Next Week at Rome, to Move towards "Strengthening Europe", closely Together with its People.

An Horizon that he Finds to be Both Achievable and Necessary, as he said, just After an Intense Experience of "Fresh", and sometimes "Hot", Global Political, Both Bilateral and Collective Meetings between Representatives of 30 Countries, (i.e. Including the "Guests"), and 10 International Institutions, Exceptionaly held, during more than 2 Days, at Baden-Baden, near the Franco-German Borders and Strasbourg, at the Same Time that the New, US President, Don Trump, was meeting, for the 1st Time, with German Chancelor Angie Merkel, at the White House in Washington DC, and sending his New Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, to meet the Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and President Xi Jiping at Beijing, (etc).


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Schauble is a very Experienced Twice Finance Minister, after having served also Twice as JHA Minister, who was considered as one among the possible Successors to former Long-Time Chancelor Helmut Kohl, (the Historic "Father" of the ReUnification of Germany, followed by that of Europe, in Cooperation with Schauble, from which Emerged Angie Merkel), while also being Nowadays a Close Partner and Solid Political Support to Chancelor Merkel, (whom he had advised in the Past also on Security and Foreign Policy matters). After having served also as Chairman of the Govering, ChristianDemocrat CDU Parliamentary Group at the Bundestag, Schauble has also served as President of the CDU Party in the Past. He's widely considered as Firm Supporter of European Integration, (including in its Franco-German core, Personaly living Near France with his Wife, who had Earlier said to "Eurofora" that she found Strasbourg City recently Changed).


For various Previous Statements made by Schauble in Reply to Other "Eurofora" Questions on several Topical European Issues, See, inter alia, also, f.ex. : .... + ..., etc).


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     - "Mr. President, according to your Experience, and from what you saw Today (at the G-20 Finance), in view of the (EU) Rome Summit Next Week", (on EU's Anniversary + Future), "what is your Feeling, Now, about the €uro's Future and EU Integration ?", "Eurofora" asked Schauble, joining 2 relevant Topical Issues, that he knows very well, (Comp. Supra).

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    - "The (EU) Summit on the (60th Anniversary of the) Treaties of Rome is, I think, for the Heads of States and Governements (of 2_EU Member Countries) to use this Anniversary as an issue to Show the Importance (that it has Nowadays) to Strengthen Europe", Schauble Replied to "Eurofora"s Question.


    - Because, Today, "the Integration of Europe is More Needed, than Ever !", the Experienced German Top-Minister, and currently Chairman of the International "G-20" Finance Ministerial 2917 Summit, of Key Importance for the Present and Forthcoming GeoPolitical developments, Strongly Added, Speaking to "Eurofora" just after an Exceptionaly Intensified and original Global Political Meeting here, (including, particularly, with the New US Administration's representative, Treasury Secretary, Steven Mnuchin, who made his 1st Official Visit in Europe. Comp. Mnuchin's reply to another "Eurofora" Question, during his own Press Conference, at the Conclusion of Baden-Baden's G20 Finances for 2017, at : ....).

 

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    + And, concerning the Crucial Point, of whether this Can be Achieved Now sufficiently "Together With the People", Schauble appeared Careful but clearly Positive : - "Yes, I Think so. I do Think so !", he Replied also to another, relevant "Eurofora"s Question, speaking Exclusively, before Leaving an Important and Long, Presidential Press Conference about the Official Conclusions of the "G20" Finance Ministerial 2017 Summit that he Chaired during 2 Busy Days here.


    He had, Earlier, Stressed the Need for that particularly Important, latest Point, during another Exceptional Conference, held Together with ChristianDemocrat/EPP Party's President, Joseph Daul (France), at CoE/EU Parliament Plenaries' Headquaters in Strasbourg, previously, as "Eurofora" Reminded to Schauble now, inviting him to renew his stance now, taking into account all, meanwhile, relevant developments.

 

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    "G20" Finance Ministerial Summit's official Conclusions, published during Schauble's Press Conference, speaking as its Chairman, Today (Saturday) Afternoon, stress from the outset, a Global "Agreement" to "foster Economic Resilience", and a "Determination to use all policy Tools : Monetary, Fiscal, and Structural (Reforms) - Individualy and collectively - to achieve (a) Strong, Sustainable, Balanced and Inclusive Growth", while "Global Economic Recovery is Progressing", recently, "But (with) a Pace of Growth (which) is Still Weaker than desirable, and Downside Risks (which) remain". In such a Context, "Excess Volatility and Disorderly Movements in Exchange Rates, can have Adverse Implications, for Economic and Financial Stability", so that "G20" Countries "Commit" themselves to "Refrain from Competitive Devaluations", and "Not Target (their) Exchange Rates for Competitive purposes" : I.e. something which should, normaly, enhance also €uro-Area's potential role, in the foreseable Future.


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G20 Finance Ministers 2017 logo's part on "a MultiPolar World", Nowadays pictured in Germany's Baden-Baden "KurHaus", is an Historic and Symbolic Wording able to Please both French Gaullists and China's President Xi, while it might Not be excluded also from New US President Don Trump's GeoPolitical Vision, since Many among his Popular Fans notoriously Criticise what they call "Globalists".


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The "G-20" was Initialy Created Back on late 2008, as a Tool to Help Face the Emerging, then, Global Economic and Financial Crisis. The move had been made on a joint Initiative by former French and US Presidents Nicolas Sarkozy and George W. Bush, supported by German Chancelor Angie Merkel and former Chinese President Hu Jintao (to whom, the current President Xi Jiping, served then as Vice-President), as well as by Russian former President Dimitri Medvedev, (a close Ally to the current Russian President Vladmir Putin, who had served, then, as Prime Minister), welcomed by other Leaders in Europe and the World.

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=> Thus, Economy and Finances were, right from the Start, at the Heart of the G20 in general, (while the Pre-existing G7 or G8 (currently Chaired by Italy, with a Summit scheduled on May at Bari), developed, since then, towards a More "Political" Global body.


But, in this Exceptional 2017 Year, during which an Important Political Change has recently Started in the USA, after the Latest Presidential Elections, due to be Followed, Later-on, also by Crucial French and German National Elections, (respectively on April-June and September 2017), probably to be Followed soon even by Italian Elections, while Germany and Italy are Chairing G20 an G7(8) respectively, Economic/Financial and Political Issues clearly appear as closely Interwined, and/or largely imbricated together, in real Practice.


Spectaculary Marked also by some Exceptional Top Political Meetings these Same days, key to GeoPolitical developments related to the New, Don Trump's US Administration's policies, this very "special" G20 Ministerial Finance Summit at Baden-Baden's First Day "coincided" with German Chancelor Angie Merkel's 1st visit to US President Trump in Washington DC, Yesterday Evening (Comp., f.ex. : ....), as well as with New USA State Secretary (Foreign MInister) Rex Tillerson's 1st Visit to China, to meet with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, (to be followed even by President Xi Jiping himself), during Baden-Baden's Global Gathering's Second Day, earlier This Morning, when, naturaly, also various "Hot" G20-related Issues were Discussed there.


The Final, Heads of State/Government G20 Summit, is due to take place in Hamburg, on July 2017, i.e. just After the forthcoming, Crucial French Presidential and Parliamentary Elections (April/May and June, respectively).


Since the 2016 UK Referendum for "BREXIT", Germany (which also holds Elections, Later, on September 2017), and France have Become more Important than ever for a eventual ReLaunch of the European Integration, Starting from its €uro-Area core.



(../..)

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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