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Home arrow newsitems arrow Schäuble to EF after G20 Finance+EU Rome Summit's Eve: €uro to Strengthen Europe with its People

Schäuble to EF after G20 Finance+EU Rome Summit's Eve: €uro to Strengthen Europe with its People

Written by ACM
Saturday, 18 March 2017
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*Baden-Baden/G20 Ministerial Finance Summit/Angelo Marcopolo/- German Minister of Finance, Wolgang Schäuble, who Chairs now the "G20" Finance Ministerial Summit for 2017, Replying to a relevant "Eurofora"s Question, launched a Vibrant Appeal for the forthcoming EU Heads of State/Goverment Summit, Next Week at Rome, to Move towards "Strengthening Europe", closely Together with its People.

An Horizon that he Finds to be Both Achievable and Necessary, as he said, just After an Intense Experience of "Fresh", and sometimes "Hot", Global Political, Both Bilateral and Collective Meetings between Representatives of 30 Countries, (i.e. Including the "Guests"), and 10 International Institutions, Exceptionaly held, during more than 2 Days, at Baden-Baden, near the Franco-German Borders and Strasbourg, at the Same Time that the New, US President, Don Trump, was meeting, for the 1st Time, with German Chancelor Angie Merkel, at the White House in Washington DC, and sending his New Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, to meet the Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and President Xi Jiping at Beijing, (etc).


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Schauble is a very Experienced Twice Finance Minister, after having served also Twice as JHA Minister, who was considered as one among the possible Successors to former Long-Time Chancelor Helmut Kohl, (the Historic "Father" of the ReUnification of Germany, followed by that of Europe, in Cooperation with Schauble, from which Emerged Angie Merkel), while also being Nowadays a Close Partner and Solid Political Support to Chancelor Merkel, (whom he had advised in the Past also on Security and Foreign Policy matters). After having served also as Chairman of the Govering, ChristianDemocrat CDU Parliamentary Group at the Bundestag, Schauble has also served as President of the CDU Party in the Past. He's widely considered as Firm Supporter of European Integration, (including in its Franco-German core, Personaly living Near France with his Wife, who had Earlier said to "Eurofora" that she found Strasbourg City recently Changed).


For various Previous Statements made by Schauble in Reply to Other "Eurofora" Questions on several Topical European Issues, See, inter alia, also, f.ex. : .... + ..., etc).


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     - "Mr. President, according to your Experience, and from what you saw Today (at the G-20 Finance), in view of the (EU) Rome Summit Next Week", (on EU's Anniversary + Future), "what is your Feeling, Now, about the €uro's Future and EU Integration ?", "Eurofora" asked Schauble, joining 2 relevant Topical Issues, that he knows very well, (Comp. Supra).

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    - "The (EU) Summit on the (60th Anniversary of the) Treaties of Rome is, I think, for the Heads of States and Governements (of 2_EU Member Countries) to use this Anniversary as an issue to Show the Importance (that it has Nowadays) to Strengthen Europe", Schauble Replied to "Eurofora"s Question.


    - Because, Today, "the Integration of Europe is More Needed, than Ever !", the Experienced German Top-Minister, and currently Chairman of the International "G-20" Finance Ministerial 2917 Summit, of Key Importance for the Present and Forthcoming GeoPolitical developments, Strongly Added, Speaking to "Eurofora" just after an Exceptionaly Intensified and original Global Political Meeting here, (including, particularly, with the New US Administration's representative, Treasury Secretary, Steven Mnuchin, who made his 1st Official Visit in Europe. Comp. Mnuchin's reply to another "Eurofora" Question, during his own Press Conference, at the Conclusion of Baden-Baden's G20 Finances for 2017, at : ....).

 

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    + And, concerning the Crucial Point, of whether this Can be Achieved Now sufficiently "Together With the People", Schauble appeared Careful but clearly Positive : - "Yes, I Think so. I do Think so !", he Replied also to another, relevant "Eurofora"s Question, speaking Exclusively, before Leaving an Important and Long, Presidential Press Conference about the Official Conclusions of the "G20" Finance Ministerial 2017 Summit that he Chaired during 2 Busy Days here.


    He had, Earlier, Stressed the Need for that particularly Important, latest Point, during another Exceptional Conference, held Together with ChristianDemocrat/EPP Party's President, Joseph Daul (France), at CoE/EU Parliament Plenaries' Headquaters in Strasbourg, previously, as "Eurofora" Reminded to Schauble now, inviting him to renew his stance now, taking into account all, meanwhile, relevant developments.

 

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    "G20" Finance Ministerial Summit's official Conclusions, published during Schauble's Press Conference, speaking as its Chairman, Today (Saturday) Afternoon, stress from the outset, a Global "Agreement" to "foster Economic Resilience", and a "Determination to use all policy Tools : Monetary, Fiscal, and Structural (Reforms) - Individualy and collectively - to achieve (a) Strong, Sustainable, Balanced and Inclusive Growth", while "Global Economic Recovery is Progressing", recently, "But (with) a Pace of Growth (which) is Still Weaker than desirable, and Downside Risks (which) remain". In such a Context, "Excess Volatility and Disorderly Movements in Exchange Rates, can have Adverse Implications, for Economic and Financial Stability", so that "G20" Countries "Commit" themselves to "Refrain from Competitive Devaluations", and "Not Target (their) Exchange Rates for Competitive purposes" : I.e. something which should, normaly, enhance also €uro-Area's potential role, in the foreseable Future.


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G20 Finance Ministers 2017 logo's part on "a MultiPolar World", Nowadays pictured in Germany's Baden-Baden "KurHaus", is an Historic and Symbolic Wording able to Please both French Gaullists and China's President Xi, while it might Not be excluded also from New US President Don Trump's GeoPolitical Vision, since Many among his Popular Fans notoriously Criticise what they call "Globalists".


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The "G-20" was Initialy Created Back on late 2008, as a Tool to Help Face the Emerging, then, Global Economic and Financial Crisis. The move had been made on a joint Initiative by former French and US Presidents Nicolas Sarkozy and George W. Bush, supported by German Chancelor Angie Merkel and former Chinese President Hu Jintao (to whom, the current President Xi Jiping, served then as Vice-President), as well as by Russian former President Dimitri Medvedev, (a close Ally to the current Russian President Vladmir Putin, who had served, then, as Prime Minister), welcomed by other Leaders in Europe and the World.

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=> Thus, Economy and Finances were, right from the Start, at the Heart of the G20 in general, (while the Pre-existing G7 or G8 (currently Chaired by Italy, with a Summit scheduled on May at Bari), developed, since then, towards a More "Political" Global body.


But, in this Exceptional 2017 Year, during which an Important Political Change has recently Started in the USA, after the Latest Presidential Elections, due to be Followed, Later-on, also by Crucial French and German National Elections, (respectively on April-June and September 2017), probably to be Followed soon even by Italian Elections, while Germany and Italy are Chairing G20 an G7(8) respectively, Economic/Financial and Political Issues clearly appear as closely Interwined, and/or largely imbricated together, in real Practice.


Spectaculary Marked also by some Exceptional Top Political Meetings these Same days, key to GeoPolitical developments related to the New, Don Trump's US Administration's policies, this very "special" G20 Ministerial Finance Summit at Baden-Baden's First Day "coincided" with German Chancelor Angie Merkel's 1st visit to US President Trump in Washington DC, Yesterday Evening (Comp., f.ex. : ....), as well as with New USA State Secretary (Foreign MInister) Rex Tillerson's 1st Visit to China, to meet with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, (to be followed even by President Xi Jiping himself), during Baden-Baden's Global Gathering's Second Day, earlier This Morning, when, naturaly, also various "Hot" G20-related Issues were Discussed there.


The Final, Heads of State/Government G20 Summit, is due to take place in Hamburg, on July 2017, i.e. just After the forthcoming, Crucial French Presidential and Parliamentary Elections (April/May and June, respectively).


Since the 2016 UK Referendum for "BREXIT", Germany (which also holds Elections, Later, on September 2017), and France have Become more Important than ever for a eventual ReLaunch of the European Integration, Starting from its €uro-Area core.



(../..)

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    The incoming Swedish EU Presidency (July-December 2009) may still remain in favour of Turkey's controversial EU bid, despite June 2009 EU Elections' results, but it has "very strong demands on Turkey"'s obligation to respect EU Rules, said the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, to "EuroFora", reacting to critical Press reports.

    - "I know (that) the link is often made also to Sweden's position on Turkey"'s controversial EU bid. Indeed, "we (Swedish EU Presidency) are very much engaged in the future membership of Turkey, but not without fullfiling all the Criteria".

    - "It's very clear that we (Swedish EU Presidecny) have very Strong Demands on Turkey, in a sort of concept for Future membership of the Union, ...which will be a Long Process...", she stressed.

    This means, in particular, "the Copenhagen Criteria (on Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law), and also the adaptation to the Acquis of the European Union".

     - "If you listen to what Mr. Bildt (the Swedish Foreign Minister) says on Turkey at different occasions, it's very clear : We want Turkey to become part of the Union, in the Future. But we want it to fullfil all the Criteria : The Acquis of the European Union. That's very clear", she concluded.

    The Senior Official of the Swedish Foreign Ministry was reacting to critical Press Reports, from Brussels' Journalists invited by EU Commission's secretariat to Stockholm, who claimed that Bildt was abusing of a ..."Whip" (sic !) against Cyprus, by "threatening" the presence of UNO's Peace-keeping force at the "Green line" which separates the island's Government-controlled areas from the territories occupied by Ankara's army, if Nicosia didn't accept any political solution, regardless of Turkey's demands, before the end of 2009.

        Governing AKEL Party's new Secretary General, Andros Kyprianou, reacted by declaring that no-one can threat the People of Cyprus : -"We shall decide for our Future, and nobody else",  he reportedly said, asking to "keep calm". "In order to find a Solution soon, certain basic Principles must be respected", he stressed, calling those who feel an urgency to use their influence on Turkey. Other Political Parties were more critical.

    This was a reference to recently reported statements by Turkish Minister Bagis, Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan and Turkey's National Security Council (a Military-Political body), accused to push towards a partitionist "2 States" solution, contrary to UNO SC Resolutions for Cyprus' reunification.

    December 2009 is a crucial moment for EU's appraisal of Turkey's controversial EU bid, because EU Council has decided to review then Ankara's compliance with the European position on the recognition of Cyprus' Government, which was clearly set out by an EU reply of 21 September 2005 to Turkish Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan's claims, refusing to recognize even the existence of EU Member Cyprus, in controversial statements he made to London (former EU chair) on July 29, 2005.

    EU Parliament's latest Resolution on Turkey, adopted on March 2009 in Strasbourg, warned Ankara that "the non-fulfillment of Turkey's commitments... by December 2009, may further seriously affect the process of Negotiations" with the EU.

    In practice, the issue boils down to Ankara's "embargo" against Ships and Airplanes using Cyprus' seaports or airports at the strategic EU island, which traditionaly hosts one of the World's biggest Shipping flags. EU has already "freezed" 6 relevant Chapters in EU - Turkey Negotiations since December 2006, after Ankara refused to fullfil a commitment it had undertaken when EU had decided to open controversial "accession" negotiations with Turkey, back on December 2005.

    - "As far as EU - Turkey relations are concerned, it's clear that Turkey needs to fullfil its obligation of full, non-discriminatory implementation of the additional Protocol (to "EC-Turkey Association Agreement"),  This is an important issue....and should be addresseed as soon as possible as it clearly affects the pace of the accession negotiations.Issues covered by the Declaration of September 2005 will continue to be followed up, and progress is urgently awaited", warned earlier in Strasbourg the out-going Czech EU Presidency (former vice-Prime Minister Alexander Vodra).

    But the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, dismissed "interpretations" by "some" that Foreign Minister Carl Bildt was reportedly "threatening" Cyprus with consequences on the UNFICYP, if it doesn't accept any solution until December 2009, while Turkey is reportedly delaying in an attempt to impose a partitionist "2 States" solution.

    On the contrary, Julin, stressed that "Sweden has strong demands on Turkey'"s respect of "Copenhagen Criteria and EU Acquis".

    Meanwhile, Sweden  is "concerned" about the risk of "Stalemate" in Cyprus' Talks, but is well aware that "the main responsibilities lie with the two leaders and the UNO", Europe playing only a role of "facilitator".

    After carefully verifying, the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, stressed to "EuroFora" that Bildt's reference to UNFICYP "was not linked to a Threat", and dismissed those who "interpreted" it so.

    On the contrary, the Swedish EU Presidency acknowledged the fact that Peace Talks are mainly for the UN and the leaders of the Cypriot communities, EU's role being limited into that of a "facilitator".

    As for Turkey's reported attempts to impose a "2 States' solution", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service sharply replied by stressing that Turkey must respect the "EU Acquis" rules.

    In particular :

    - "Basically he (Bildt) underlined that it's the leaders of the two communities in Cyprus and the UN that have the main responsibilities for solving the problem", started to say the Swedish Senior Official to "EuroFora", referring to the above-mentioned "briefing".

    - "But the EU had a role in sort of pointing out the benefits and facilitating a little bit the outcome for the settlement of the whole Cyprus' issue", she added.

    - "And he did state the Fact, that the rest of the World (i.e. USA, etc) will, of course, look at the differend issues which are at the table, and the future of the UN Peace keeping force is part of what is at the table", she admitted.

    - "I understand that some have interpreted that as a Threat, by the Swedish Minister" "But", in reality, "it's a statement of a Fact, that, when we'll look at the differend issues, one of the issues on which we shall have to take a stand on, is the future of the UN Peace keeping force in Cyprus".

    Indeed, one of the questions usually raised for a Solution of Cyprus' issue is what International and/or European or other Guarantees, by a Peace-keeping force, might be needed afterwards, eventually for a transitory period.

    Questioned anew by "EuroFora" whether (according to critical Press Reports) this could be taken as a veiled warning that, if Cyprus didn't accept any Turkish demand for any solution whatever, it might be left alone to face Ankara's Military Invasion/Occupation, she denied :

    - "He (Bildt) didn't say it in that way"... "It was not linked to a threat, or anything like that", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service stressed.

    On the contrary, "he (Bildt) underlined that the main responsibility lies with the parties concerned on the island". "The EU can try to facilitate and show the benefits of reaching a settlement. But also, when the EU and the rest of the World (i.e. USA) will have to look at it, they will look at all the Facts on the table, and the presence of the UN Peace-keeping force is one".

    And "he (Bildt) didn't speak about that at all", she replied to "EuroFora" question on Turkey's reported attemps to impose, in one way of another, a partitionist "2 States solution".

    Asked whether Bildt's aim was to incite both parties to move forward efficiently, she agreed :

    - In fact, "the EU is really very concerned with the Stalemate in the situation. Yes !", the Head of Sweden's Foreign Ministry's Press Service anounced. That's why Bildt "was hoping for the two parties (i.e. for Turkey's also) to engage and break, a little-bit, the present stalemate, come to a solution of the issue" of Cyprus.

    But, replying  to a "EuroFora"s question on the risk, denounced by several politicians in case of strict Time Deadlines, for Turkey to provoke a stalemate and wait for the time to come to impose a partitionist "2 States' solution", she reacted by pointing at Turkey's obligation to respect "EU Acquis" :

    - "Turkey must fullfil the EU Acquis : That's clear !", the Swedish Senior Official stressed.

    More details are expected when Swedish Prime Minister Reinfeldt will debate his Programme with new MEPs at EU Parliament's plenary mid-July in Strasbourg, that he has visited already in 2008.

    Foreign Minister Carl Bildt became familiar with Strasbourg's CoE last year, when Sweden chaired the PanEuropean organization of Human Rights. As EU chairman-in-office, he will also chair the 27-member States strong EU Group inside the 47-member States strong CoE.

    Minister for EU affairs, Cecilia Malmstrom is well known at EU Parliament, where she has been an active MEP of the Liberal Group for many years, following also Press Freedom issues.

    Both have already made various statements at "EuroFora", on differend topical matters.

    ***

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