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Pagina principale arrow newsitems arrow New PACE President Nicoletti to EF+: Strasburg key of University Network for European Humanism Unity

New PACE President Nicoletti to EF+: Strasburg key of University Network for European Humanism Unity

Scritto da ACM
Monday, 22 January 2018
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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- Meeting briefly "Eurofora" soon after his Election at the Presidency of CoE's PanEuropea  Parliamentary Assembly (PACE) for the Next 2 Years (2018-2019), Michele Nicoletti, from Italy, (former Chairman of the Socialdemocrat Group), practically Agreed that Strasbourg University may, naturally, be a key for the Desired "Creation of a European Academic Network", able to "Mobilise European Universities around the Values of European Humanism, and teh Defense of Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law", which are at the Heart of the "European Culture", and the "European Civilisation", by placing "Respect for Human Dignity... at the Root of our European Identity", as he has just stressed at his Inaugural Speech in CoE's Plenary, Earlier Toda, (for Previous Nicoletti statements to "Eurofora", See, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/pacepresidentrow.html, etc).

 

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    - After "a Clear Political Call", made since 2017, for a New, "4th Summit of Heads of State and Government", probably on 2019, to "Ensure that the CoE can be the "Common European Home" of All", while also "Remaining True to the European Convention on Human Rights", "We (CoE) Must Not Cease Openly Denouncing any Violation of Human Rights", but in a way "Able to Combine it with an ever Increasing Unity between our Peoples", Nicoletti urged.


    - "Tirelessly Seeking to Emphasize what Unites us", "we can draw Support from the Cultural and Social Dimension", he proposed.


    - In this regard too, "Respect for Human Rignity forms the Heart ... and lies at the Root of our European Identity", "Typical of European Civilisation", PACE's New President stressed.


      - "The Centrality of Human Rights flows from an understanding of What it Means to be Human".


    - This Includes, "Not Only .. Legal Documents", such as the "ECHR", "Magna Carta", and "the French Declaration of the Rights of the Man and the Citizen", "But Also the Poetry of Dante, the Plays of Shakespeare, the Music of Beethoven, and the Novels of Dostoyevsky and Tolstoy", he underlined.


    - In Fact, "No Wall has been able to Divide European Humanism, which canNot Trive withOut All of these Different Strands", the New PACE's President pointed out, calling, "Today", "to bring to Bloom ... the Pluralist Wealth of this Humanism".


    + CoE, "as Guardian of European Unity", "must Enhance the role of European Culture", by "forming an Alliance with the World of Culture, Schools and Universities", Nicoletti went on to add in a landmark Speech.


     - Indeed, "the University is a Typical European Creation", and "it would be Wonderful .. if the CoE could be Able to Mobilise all European Universities around the Values of this European Humanism", he proposed.     


     - I.e., "Encourage the Creation of a European Academic Network", around "the Defense of Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law", including, f.ex., "the European Social Charter", "the Convention against Corruption", and "each of our Conventions taking the CoE as ... point of Reference", in "a Network of Teachers, Researchers and Students from throughout Europe", "United by its Efforts to Defend and Promote the Values embodied" in those CoE's Legal tools.


    => "These are Issues", where "Academic Networks could ...promote Research, the Exchange of Information and Best Practices, as well as the organisation of Training PathWays", i.e. "to reinforce the Connective Tissue of European Civil Society", President Nicoletti concluded on this Idea.

 

(../..)

 

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ECHR's President to "EuroFora" on Journalists Gongadze and Adali murders : Principles must apply to all States, without discrimination.


+ ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression (See below).


 European Court of Human Rights' President, Jean-Paul Costa, questioned by "EuroFora" on Journalists' murders, as in Gongadze and Adali's cases etc., strongly stressed all CoE Member States' obligation to make efficient Investigations to find and punish those responsible, and underlined that ECHR's case-law's principles must apply to all without any discrimination.

His call was clearly supported by various Top MEPs who denounced a risk of "Double Standards" if some Journalists' murders are investigated, while others don't.

To avoid such risks, CoE's Parliamentary Assembly adopted a Resolution, on the occasion of Ukranian Journalist Gongadze's murder, "stressing", as a matter of general Principle, "the importance it attaches to the safety of Journalists and political activists, especially those linked to opposition groups, in ALL member states of the CoE". All "crimes against journalists and political activists must be investigated ... as a matter of priority, without political interference".

Costa was replying to "EuroFora"s question on the fact that, after CoE's Committee of Ministers, also CoE's Assembly had just adopted a Resolution on Gongadze murder case, based on an ECHR's judgement of 2005, asking a full Investigation from Ukraine, who has found and condemned  in 10 years of jail 2 executants, but not yet the instigators.

While nothing similar was yet done for dissident Turkish Cypriot Kutlu Adali's murder, with 5 bullets shot at his head out of his Family's home in the territories of Cyprus occupied by Ankara's army, despite another ECHR's judgement of the same year 2005, and despite Turkey's claim that nobody was found among those responsible for the murder, and that there was nothing more to do..

In order to be credible and efficient, CoE's mechanisms shouldn't find a way to at least ask for full investigations of all Journalists' murders anywhere they might be committed, without exceptions ?

adali_gongadze


- "On the larger question that you raised, I'd like to say, since we are in a period of stock-taking on ECHR's 50 Years, that the Court's case-law developed certain concepts ....such as the Positive obligations of States, part of which are also the procedural obligations", started to reply ECHR's President.

 - "Whenever Journalists, Lawyers, Defenders of Human Rights, or even simple Citizens are murdered, the States are held responsible, not only if its their own security forces' agents who committed these murders, but also if they didn't make sufficiently substantial and efficient Investigations", he stressed.

- "I want to strongly underline that we (ECHR) have found in many cases numerous violations of Articles 2 and 3 against States, ....(about) murders or torture, ...because they didn't make enough Investigations in order to try to find and punish those responsible".

- "We (ECHR) do that vis-a-vis all 47 (CoE) Member States, without any discrimination".

"Naturally, the circumstances in each particular case may be differend, and we can't ommit to apply the rules of proof, or the rules of criminal procedure".

"But we try, by all means, to apply these principles of our case-law, to all States", he concluded.

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      Costa's call was strongly supported by several Top CoE MEPs, from various Political areas


- "To investigate the murder of one Journalist, and not of another, looks like Double Standards", denounced the President of EuroLeft Group in CoE's Assembly, Dutch MEP Tiny Cox.  

- "What is the reason ? Politics or specificity of a case ? Of course, if Cyprus and Turkey are involved, it's always a Political case"..

- "Murders of Journalists should always be fully investigated, because killing Journalists is not only killing persons, but also killing Free Press".  "We (CoE's Assembly) should do our outmost to help People who are working on Free Press and they are under threat or murdered".

Because for Free Politics, Free Press is a pre-requisitive : Parliamentarians  cannot  function without a Free Press. Not investigating, is not protecting ourselves".

So we should investigate all Journalists' murders : We are talking about Gongadze, about the Cypriot man (Adali), about the Journalist murdered in Moscow one week ago, etc", Cox concluded

- "CoE can' look at these cases differently. CoE can't wear Blinckers  !".
- "If the one is investigated, so has to be also the other. Why there wasn't full investigation ? Why's that ?", wondered British  Socialist MEP, Alan Meale.

- "A good idea" would be to "make a Motion for Resolution", and "join all Journalists' murders. Adali and Gongadze etc", said to "EuroFora" EU Parliament Political affairs Committee's President, Goran Lindbland, ChristianDemocrat MEP from Sweden.


(See also earlier News at "EuroFora" on similar issues).
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ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression :


    Almost Half of condemnations by ECHR for violations of Freedom of Expression in 2008, concern Turkey : 20 out of a total of 48 for all CoE's Member States.

    Russia, Poland, France and Moldova were condemned only 3 times. Romania, Greece, Portugal, 2 times, and the other CoE Member States only 1 time, or none.
--------------------
    During the last Decade : 1998 - 2008, Turkey was condemned for violating Freedom of Expression in ..169 cases, while Austria only in 24.

    France and Moldova in 14 and 13, respectively, closely followed by Russia and Poland with 11 and 10, respectively. The rest of CoE Member States had less than ten condemnations.    
    

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