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Home arrow newsitems arrow EUParliament Defense Committee Chair Loiseau to EF: For EU Autonomy +S/E Med Energy (v. Turkey risk)

EUParliament Defense Committee Chair Loiseau to EF: For EU Autonomy +S/E Med Energy (v. Turkey risk)

Автор ACM
Суббота, 19 Июнь 2021

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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- The Strategic Issue of the required High-Tech means for EU's Autonomy in Defense, and the Topical Issue of  How to Protect South-Eastern Mediterranen Energy Resources, mainly vis-a-vis Turkey's threats, were at the Focus of "Eurofora"s Questions to EU Parliament's Defense Committee's President, former French Minister for EU Affairs, Nathalie Loiseau, after an Invitation to a Video-Seminar on "Europe : a Global Player ?", organized by the Union of European Federalists in Strasbourg, on the occasion of the 1st Plenary of EU's landmark Conference on the Future of Europe (2O21-2022) at EU Parliament's Building this Saturday.

- "Eurofora" asked President Loiseau mainly What does the EU still Lacks, in terms of High-Tech Means, in order to have an Autonomous Defense, and How could we Protect the important New Energy Resources of South-Eastern Mediterranean, (Notoriously Threatened by Turkey even with WarShips), owned by EU Member States and/or Friendly Neighbouring Countries Ready and Willing to Cooperate with Europe, (particularly after the recent Extinction of the Northern Sea's deposits). In this regard, we Reminded, inter alia, on the 1st Point, also the Fact that, according to the previous Interview of an Experienced French General detached to the ESA, what was Mainly Lacking for EU's Autonomy would be an "Early Warning System" based on Space Technologies, (See, f.ex. : ..., etc).

    - "You are Right !", reacted spontaneously the Top Key MEP to "Eurofora"'s above mentioned Questions, pointing, at the Beginning, to the 1st one, concerning Space-related Technologies :

    - Indeed, "on Space", EU must have, "First of all", an "Access", by "a Launcher and a Base" of its own, withOut being obliged to use anyone Else's means, she Stressed from the outset, as a matter of Principle. (UE Already notoriously has a good Space Base at Kuru of French Guyane, and, when, in the Past, USA Restricted its Partners' Cooperation in Space activities Only into eventualy Participating in some "Tests" on Space, withOut Any active Role on Transports towards Space, "Eurofora" Co-Founder had sharply Suggested a PanEuropean Cooperation, making use of Russian "Soyuz" Launchers "at Kuru", and Historic f. President Chirac, indeed, Succeeded to Realize that, supporting De Gaule's famous idea for a "Greater Europe" ! But, obviously, it's Even Better for the EU to have its own Launcher too, f.ex. with an adequate Developemnt of "Ariadne", etc).

    + Concerning Earth "Observation Capacities" from the Space, "We (EU) Now Have" some, Thanks to Slow But Real Advances made with the "Galileo" Program, Despite a Delaying Obstructionism by the UK in the Past, and USA's Previous Attempts to Undermine EU's "Galileo" in order to Impose its "GPS", as she Reminded. (Comp. "Eurofora"s relevant Publications Earlier with Replies to Our Questions by former EU Commissioner, and Later EU Parliament's President, Antonio Tajani, from Italy, competent also for Space Tech.,  and f. EU Parliament's Rapporteur, from Germany, on "Galileo", as well as a Key f. Chinese Ambassador, first to Brussels for the EU and afterwards to Strasboug for the CoE, while Even China had, in the Meantime, Initialy Proposed to the EU an Offer of about 500 Millions € in order to Cooperate Together for the Development of "Galileo"'s Earth Observation capacities..., etc).

    + But we (EU) Need Also, for "Space Security", to be Able to Protect f.ex. "our Satellites", including by Knowing if, when, and who might, eventualy, attempt to approach and/or follow them, she added.

    F.ex., we Found out that a Russian Satellite had been Following Ours' Movements, But this was Only Thanks to Help given by our Friends from the USA. Nevertheless, when we Developed further Our Own, Independent Means for Space Security Surveillance, we Discovered that ..."Most" of the Foreign Satellites who attempted to Follow Ours, were, in Fact, ..."from the USA itself !", Loiseau revealed with a smile...

    - In General, However, as a matter of Principle, "We (EU) have Also to Overcome what is often Nick-Named as "The French Paradox" : Indeed, France usually Speaks very Well in Favour of European Defense Autonomy, But does Not Always Sufficiently Act as it Should...", she added in a Sincere Auto-Criticism of Paris, at least Some Times in the Past...

    + Concerning Other concrete Points where EU Defense's Autonomy Needs to be Boosted, well Beyond Space, the President of EU Parliament's Security and Defense Committee went on to Add also the current "Lack of Inter-Operability of Tanks" from various European Countries, and Pointed out at the Current "Franco-German" Projects for "a New Airplane Fighter", and "a New Tank", (etc), where EU's Recently Created "Fund" could Help considerably.

    But what we (EU) absolutely Need is also to become able to have an "On Flight ReFuelling" Capacity for Our Airplanes, that is Currently realized mainly by relevant Help from the USA, she Criticaly observed. *

    And to this is Added something which became obvious particularly in the Middle East, around Israel etc., consisting in Military "Drones", Loiseau added. In this regard, even if there is a Plan including Franco-German Cooperation for such EU Drones, nevertheless, a Problem is provoked particularly by the German "Socialists", who doN't want even to hear about any kind of "Armed" Drones, currently Blocking that, even if they still are supposed to be a Coaliion Partner in the Government (at the infamous "Gro-Ko"), Loiseau Denounced... Indeed, "Eurofora" has observed that, such kind of Obstacles seem to have, Recently, pushed f.ex. EU-Member Poland, when it needed to Buy some Armed Drones, after Finding Nothing of that kind to Buy in Germany, France, Italy, or the UK, etc., to be Obliged to Seek such Drones in ... Turkey (sic !). And that, Despite the fact that ...Easily Shooting Down such clumsy Turkish Drones, has Recently become a "Sport" by various Beligerants, (Even "Weak" ones), f.ex. mainly in Libya, but also in Syria, Iraq, or Armenia, etc...

Last, but not least, Loiseau pointed Also on the Importance for EU Member States to "Act All Together" in Key Foreign Policy Security and Defense "External Operations", Stigmatising f.ex. a Negative Case where Not Even 50% of the Required Military Forces had Not Yet been Deployed on the spot, as she said, But, on the Contrary, Felicitating EU's Readiness, f.ex., in Africa's "Sahel", to Collectively Deploy the necessary Forces, from More than "11 EU Member States", Including, f.ex., Tchechia, Esthonia, Italy, Greece, soon Lithuania, etc., United "Together at the BattleField".

+ Naturally, she Also Praised the Recent "Progress" made by the EU f.ex. in Boosting various High-Tech Joint Projects related to Defense, thanks to Reinfoced Cooperations between Many EU Member Countries, and with a Common EU Funding, as those which were, in Recent Years, Promoted at an Interesting EU Heads of State/Government Summit in Brussels, that "Eurofora" has covered on the spot, (See, f.ex. at: ...., etc).

Finaly, on USA's curent overall attitude, Loiseau said Earlier that she Believed Americans understood that a Strong European Defense is Good Also for NATO.

--------------------------------------

    ++ Concerning "Eurofora"'s 2nd Question on the Protection of S/E Mediterranean Energy Resources (Comp. Supra), the Experienced former French Minister observed from the outset, that "this is what is mainly at Stake in Our (EU's) Different vis-a-vis Turkey"....

    => In this regard, "We (EU) are going to Base our Defense Strategy on 2 Pilars : (A) the Freedom of Navigation, and (B) the International Law of the Sea", which Will be Promoted at the Program of the forthcoming French Presidency of the EU on 2022", she Announced.

    + Meanwhile, "Eurofora" noted that French Air Carrier "General De Gaulle", (which had been Previously Hindered to move as it had been Scheduled on April 2020 because of a Cluster related to the Virus' Pandemic), This Year, on 2021, on the Contrary has just Accomplished a Plan of Joint Security and Defense Exercise Together with EU Member Cyprus, whose EEZ is located at a Key Strategic Position for those Energy Sources, (and has Developed a strong Network of relevant Good Diplomatic Relations with Friendly Neighbouring Countries, also Rich in Oil/Gas "Off Shore" Resources, such as Israel, Egypt, etc).

    In the run up to the Crucial Forthcoming EU Summit in Brussels, later this June 2021, which is Notoriously due to Discuss and Decide on Turkey's Behavior vis a vis the EU, Turkish President Erdogan has just required an Exceptional Meeting with the French President Macron, from the Beginning of the Recent NATO Summit, where Nobody Else wasN't Allowed to be Present during their Discussion behind Closed Doors, "Not even a Minister", as she pointed out Earlier Today.

    - Concerning Tukey's Controversial and UnPopular EU bid, "Nowadays, Nobody Wants that, at all, Not Even any Leftist MEPs !", Loiseau Clearly Stressed, (as Also the most Recent EU Parliament's Resolution and Amendments Voted on Turkey showed : See, f.ex., at ..., etc).

    Nevertheless, it's also a Fact that Turkey is traditionaly known for having a substantial Army, on whom had been partly based the West's Defense vis a vis Russia during the Cold War period, Loiseau Replied, Earlier, to anOther Question, raised by a German (Experienced former CoE's Top Official : Ulrich Bohner) Participant to the UEF's Seminar, about Whether she Believed that the Appearance of a so-called "Change" in Erdogan's Behavior, just a Few Weeks Before the above-mentioned, Crucial EU Summit's forthcoming Decisions on EU - Turkey Relations, might be Only an Hypocritical "Attempt to Lure" and Mislead Europe on Ankara's Real Intentions...

    However, "Eurofora" observed that Recent Facts clearly Indicate that, particularly After the so-called short "Putch" Attempt of 2016, and the Massive Arrests, Brutal Opression, Lynching Attacks by Mobs against Defenseless POWs, reported Rapes of Young Conscripts, Numerous Demands of Asylum Abroad by Turkish Army Officers, (including in Neighbouring Greece, Pseudo-"Trials" and Heavy Condemnations even of Top Key Army Leaders who used to hold Important Positions in the Recent Past, (etc), as a Result, the Turkish Army has, Surprisingly ... "Disappeared", almost "Vanished", from the 1st Rank of the Battle-Fields, in practicaly ALL the Numerous Violent Conflicts that Ankara's regime has Provoked, and/or in which it has Intervened During the Last 5 or 6 Years : Invasions of Afrin Eastern area, of Syria's Noth-Western Kurdish Region, inside Libya, Greek Borders at Evros River, Northern Iraq, at the Caucasus' Armenian Lands, (etc)...

    On the Contrary, Everywhere, Ankara has Notoriously  Started to Systematicaly push at the 1st Rank of the Battlefield Only several Groups of Foreign Armed Islamist Extremists' Gangs,  (some reportedly from various Former Terrorist Thugs), who often Steal, Rape, Murder, etc., even innocent Civilian People, and are usualy promised to be Paid, as Mercenaries, partly in Cash, partly by Looting...

    In Parallel, almost at the Same Time, some Remnants from Former Ordinary Army can be seen, Now, Curiously "Hidden" in the BackGround, often Down Inside some Large Hollow Areas like Big Holes Deep In Lower Ground, mostly operating a Series of Tanks, Canons, Rocket-Launchers, etc., usualy Bombing the Adjacent Territories, several Hundreds of Meters or Kms Away, in a "Blind" and/or Remote way, systematicaly Avoiding Any Direct Fight with the Adversary, Face to Face, (unless they are OutNumbered, Wounded/Killed, or Disarmed, Trying to Flee, Humbered by Refugees, etc). Sometimes they get Inside Armored Conways, and Patrol around a Previously Bombed Territory, Always Hidden Behind a Lot of Ugly Metal, etc.

    >>> In other words, to put it in a Nutshell, it's all as if the Former Turkish Army has practicaly Ceased to Exist as such, or CanNot be, No More, Trusted to really Fight Loyaly, and has been Replaced by Proxies, and/or Avoiding to be Directly Engaged against any realy Motivated and Able to Fight Adversary... Indeed, Since that 2016 UnPrecedented Clash between Brutal and Vicious Armed Gangs against the remnants of a formerly Regular Army, for the 1st Time in the History of Turkey Crashed and Defeated by a "Civilian" Government, backed by Armed Thugs, it's as if the Formerly Known Turkish Army, Humiliated, Raped, Discredited, Jailed or Fired, Exiled or Displaced, if not Hidden or Escaped Abroad, Deprived of Many among its Best Officers and Leaders, who were Arrested, Killed or Exiled, is No More really Operational Nowadays, and/or canNot be really Trusted by Ankara's Regime !

=> Then, How could they be trusted by anyone else ?

+ Moreover, the Above-mentioned View, that the Turkish Army which had Existed in the Past, (i.e. Before 2016), Might have also served as a kind of "Guarantee" Against the Russians, (Comp. Supra), is No more Convincing...

>>> Indeed, How Could such a Naive View (attributed to the Former "Cold War" era), be, Perhaps, Founded, when Everybody knows that, in Fact, that Turkish Army ...Owed its own Existence to the ...Russians, (and, in particular, the Lenin-Stalin-Trotski "Communist" Regime of the Past !), Since it's, Notoriously, a Decision by Moscow to suddenly Stop Fighting Against the Turks, make a Truce, and Even Sell them Arms, Back on 1921, when the Greek Army had Advanced up to ..40 km. Only from Ankara, and all the Western European Countries had just Signed the "Treaty of Serves" (1920-1921), which Marked the Final Collapse of the former Ottoman-Turk Empire of the Medieval Times, and even Endorsed the Presence of Greek, Italian, French, and British Troops throughout almost All the Anatolia Plateau, (with the Only Exception of a Small Piece of Land around Ankara alone), added to a Return of Armenians throughout a Big Part of their Historic Territories, as well as a provision for the Creation of a ...Kurdish State ? In Fact, this was, Obviously, the End of any Turkish Power Near Europe, and it's Only Russians' "Real-Politik" Move, Consisting into Throwing the Turkish "Trouble-Makers" against the Western Europeans, (whose Armies and/or Allied Troups had, practicaly, Surrounded, the New "Communist" Russian State from All Directions, Cooperating with "White Russian" Anti-Bolshevic Forces which were Attacking Moscow then), that realy "Saved" Attaturk's Doomed Armed Bands from an Otherwise Inevitable Defeat, at the Last Minute...

=> So that, in Fact, from that Sudden Blockade of the Greek Army's advance towards Ankara (1921) ; the Eradication of Any European Forces' Presence at Anatolia Plateau, by the Blockade  of the "Treaty of Sevres" (1920-1921), which had largely supported that ; the Massacre and Expulsion of Armenians and Greeks, etc., after Burning the Historic City of Smyrne (re-named Izmir) on 1922 ; the Withdrawal from NATO's Military Wing, between 1974 - 1980, by Greece (Following Turkey's Military Invasion and Occupation at the Nothern Part of Cyprus); the 2 or 3 Days-Long Blockade of the important Anniversary and Reform Summit of NATO's Heads of State/Government  in Strasbourg on 2009, by Turkish Blackmail  Demands against its Secretary General and Denmark ; the Row between USA and Turkey about Buying the Russian "S400" Air Defense Missiles System (2017-2020) ; NATO's "Brain Death" Risk by Turkey's Blockade of European Control against illegal Arms Smuggling to Libya, strongly Denounced by French President Macron (2019), etc. : The Longest Series of Trouble-Making by Turkey against Western Europe's Security, Proved that Lenin, Stalin, and Trotski had Guessed Right, by Saving Turkey from Total Collapse at the Last Minute, Back on 1921, and Throwing it among the Feet of European Countries to Weaken them...

-------------------------------

    + Nevertheless, on anOther, absolutely Opposite Strategic Point, Loiseau appeared to be ...More Right than she thought, when she repeatedly Urged for European Countries to "Act Together", at Present and in the foreseable Future, for a Strong and Efficient European Security and Defense, (Including even the Post-BREXIT UK, which should be convinced of the Common Interest to Sign an Agreement with the EU on Cooperation in that Field) :

    - "Eurofora" had Questioned EU Parliament's Defense Committee's President, (on the Occasion also of the 1st Plenary of the Conference for the Future of Europe, Today in Strasboug), whether she Felt the Need to Stimulate EU Citizens' Conscience in that Direction, inter alia, Also by Highlighting several Landmark, but often Ignored or UnderEstimated, Historic concrete Examples of cases, through the Centuries, where People from Many European Countries Joined Common Struggles in order to Succesfully Fight and Win certain Key, Strategic Battles, for the General Interest of All Europe.

    - Loiseau's Initial reaction appeared quite Careful and Reserved, mainly Because she was Afraid that "Narratives of the Past", might be more Affected by "Nationalism" in Various Countries, than Inspired by a Common European Interest, which Should Better Guide us Nowadays and in the Future, as she Explained.

      >>> But, in Fact, Europe's real History is, often, much More Rich and full of Interesting and Inspiring Events, be it Tragic or Triomphal, (sometimes Under-Estimated or Ignored), than even its warmer supporters might guess...

      - Thus, Among Various others, f.ex., Already since Ancient Greece, when narrow "Nationalism" was notoriously linked, then, to Separate "Cities-States", the Need to Face the Big Threat of a massive Military Invasion by a Big Persian Empire, which searched to Open the Way for its Further Expansion throughout All the European Continent, made the Different "City-States" in Greece, which had been widely Separated, and/or even, often, in more or less Tension or Conflict between them, to Suddenly Decide to Unite, for the 1st Time in History, their Forces, almost All Together, to the point that they Marked even an UnExpectedly Large and Decisive Victory against the Invadors, known as the Battle of "Platea" (Means "Wide") on 323 BC, which Convinced, at last, the Persians to Definitively Stop Aggressions and Return Back Home ! A Landmark Sculpture Symbolizing, precisely, that New Spirit of large Unity and Common Action, was Crafted and placed on that Historic spot, Later being transfered to Byzantium/Constantinople, which became the Capital of the OverMillenary Byzantine Empire, 300-1.453.

    - On a Tragic but Grandiose, and Emotionaly Human tone, the Full Version of the Last Speech of Byzantine Emperor Constantin Palaiologos just before the Invasion, Occupation and Destruction of the Longest Christian Empire in the World (More than a Thousand Years) by the Army of Ottoman Turks, back on 1.453, Surprizes particularly by his Overall, PanEuropean Large View : After notoriously but vainly having tried to Bridge the Separation between Catholic and Orthodox Christians, in Many concrete ways, he Warns also against Similar Threats throughout All Europe, extending, through the Mediterranean but not only, even towards nowadays France and Spain, etc., and strongly Urging for a Brave and United Struggle againt the Aggressors. From Both Cultural, Technological, Geographic, Historic, Religious, Human, and Strategic points of view, Feels like a fully-fledged, Real European ! Just Before he Dies, Sacrificing himself, Together with his Last Compagnions, Facing Thousands of Aggressors and Even Treacherous "Kerkoporta" Cowards, he Looks, in fact, More than ever, towards Europe's Legacy and Future...

    - An Italian former Minister for EU Affairs has reportedly said that such an Event "Marked the Beginning of European History" : The Landmark and Grandiose Naval Battle of Lepanto (alias Naupactos), on 1.571, is, indeed, the First and Brillant Victory of a United European Force, (which Inspired the feast of "Our Lady of Victory", on October 7), composed by People from Many Countries, (Italy, Malta, Spain, France, Vatican, Austria, etc), involving about 140.000 Fighters, and More than 500 Ships, 2.600 Canons, as well as the Liberation of some 12.000 EnSlaved People, (etc). It put an End to the Ottoman-Turkish Domination in the Mediterranean Sea, and Revenged the Brural Massacre of Venitians and many Thousands of Greek Christians when the Turks Invaded Cyprus.

    + Even More Impressive, a Strong Unity of Catholic and Orthodox Christians, throughout the Great Europe, from Italy (Venice + Vatican), to Austria/Germany (Habsburg + Holy Roman Empire), Poland and Lithuania, as well as Russia, forms a "Holy Ligue", Attracting also Various revolted European People, as a kind of New "Crusade", this time inside Europe ! The Famous "Battle of Vienna" (1.683) Marks the End of the Ottoman-Turkish Invasion threats on the European Land. Follow several "Unprecedented Military Successes", according to Historians, Including the Liberation of Budapest (1686) and All Hungary (1699), as well as Dalmatia (part of Croatia), etc. Such Movements were Extended, mutatis-mutandis, also to Crimea (by Russia), Belgrade (by Habsburgs), and Morea/Peloponisos, in Greece (by Venice). But these Parts were, Afterwards,  Briefly ReCaptured by the Ottoman-Turks, (Before Later Revolutions, which Liberated them Definitively).

    - Napoleon Bonaparte reaches at the Highest level of his Achievements and Popularity until about 1.812, after a Series of Victories culminating at Tilsit, and the Homonumous Peace Treaty agreed with Russia's Czar Alexander, including a Joint Response vis a vis the UK, at one side, and prospects to Liberate the European Peoples Invaded and still Occupied by the Ottoman-Turkish Empire, at anOther side. In the Middle, from Spain to Italy, Switzerland, Benelux, and particularly with the Franco-German "Federation of the Rhine", up to Poland, Dalmatia with Corfou island (etc), he manages to Unite a Great part of Europe, while, Also, Stimulating Joint Ideological Aspirations of many People, particularly Symbolized by German Music Composer Beethoven's "Heroic" Symphony, (alias "3rd"), initialy in honour of that French ex-Revolutionary, (who Astonishingly Focuses on Repeating the use of the Key Word "Europe", even in his "Memo" dictated at his ultimate Prison, at Saint-Helen island, held by the British, a long time afterwards).

    - Navarino (Pylos) Naval Battle (1.827) was a landmark Victory of Joint Forces by the UK, France, and Russia, against the Ottoman-Turkish Occupation of Greece, which Helped considerably the Emerging National Liberation Revolution by the Greek People, that had Just Started in Peloponisos peninsula Since 1.821. The Bulk of the Fight was, reportedly, beared by the Russians. But an Important role was played by the atypical Brittish Codrington, a Philellen, whose Son had just been Killed at the Aegean Sea. (He, Also, Bombarded an Egyptian Pasha at Alexandria in order to convince him to Stop a Maveric Plan with Turkey for "Genocide" of the Greek Population by Massively Kidnaping and Expulsing them to be Sold in Africa as Slaves, and Replaced by Arab Muslims, as German Diplomats had Denounced). While French  Henri de Rigny remains Afterwards in Greece to Help France's Mission at Morea (Peloponisos) against the above-mentioned Genocide planed by the Ottoman Turks and that Egyptian Pasha, but Also for a Scientific Exploration, mainly of Archeology, with Important Findings, particularly of the period of the Ancient Civilisation, (which, reportedly, had reached, thanks to its Ships, up to the North-Western Europe of Scotland !).

    + Another Landmark European period, with particular importance Also for Defense Issues, certainly was that of 1920-1921, around the Allies, including Specialy the Popular, then, UK Prime Minister LLoyd George (an atypical Liberal), Together with the Young Churchill, (then Minister of Defense, and later of Foreign Affairs), as well as the solid French President Alexandre Millerand, an atypical politician from the left, succesfully turned to the right, (etc), added to the Peace Treaty of Sevres (near Paris), the Liberation of Arab Countries from the Ottoman-Turc Empire's jug, almost All the European Balkan Countries having been Liberated too, at that moment, etc. This was, probably, the Last Period, until now, during which, Europe appeared Strong and Influential also at a great part of its Neighbourhood. [Even if, Suddenly, it was, suprizingly, all Over, ...after a "simple" Telegram from Canada (sic !) : An Important Story, that "Eurofora" will describe asap., when we find enough spare Time]...

 

(../..)

 

("Draft-News")

 

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
-------------------------
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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